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Presented to 
Till- LIBnAMY 



Professor Jofen R. Grant 


flv/-;.; --, 





of the B A T H, Baron of II A rd vvi cke, 
and Earle of D e v o n s h m h . 

^ght Honourable, 

Take confidence from your 
Lordfliips goodnelTe, in the' 
very entrance of this Epiille, 
to pro fciTe, with Simplicitie, 
and according to the faith 
1 owe my Mafter now in 
Heauen, That it is not vnto 
your felfej-but to your Lord- 
ihips Father, that I Dedicate this my Labour, 
fuch as h is. For neither am I at hberty to make 
choice oi one, to whom I may prefeilt it as A vo- 
luntary Oblation, being bound in duty to bring 
it in as an Account, to him, by whofe Indulgence, 
I had both the time, and Ammunition to per- 
forme it; Nor if fuch Obhgation were remo- 
tied j know I any to whom I ought to Dedicate 
it rather. For by the experience of many yeeres 
I had the honour to ferue him, I know this, 
There was not any, who ri:^ore really, and 
leffe for Glories fake, fauoured tjiofe that^-fludi- 
ed the Liber all e/^rMiiBerally,^,feii 

A ^ yourj 


The EpiJlleT>edicatorie. 

your Father did • nor in wholehouleaman fliould. 
leffe need the VniueiTity, then in his. For his own 
ftudie, it was beftowed, for the mofl part, in that 
kind of Learning, which befl defcrueth the paines 
and houres of Great Perfons, Hijlory^ and Quill 
J^ioii> ledge, and diredcd not to thcOftentation of 
his readingjbut to theGoiiernmentof his Life,and 
the Pubhke good. For he fo read, that the Lear- 
ning he tooke in by iludy, by iiidgement he dige- 
fled, and conuertedintoWifdome, and abihty to 
benefithisCountrey • to which aJfo hee applyed 
himfelfe withZeale,butfuchas tooke nofire^either 
from FaBion or ^iubition. And as he was a moft 
able man,forfoundnelleofaduice, and cleere ex- 
prefsion of himfelfe, in matters of difficulty and 
confequence, both in publike and priuatc; fo aifo 
was he one whom no man was able either to draw, 
or iuftle out of the flraight path of luftice. Of 
which vcrtue I know not whether hee deferued 
more, by hisfeucrity, in impofing k (^as he did, to 
his laft breath) on himfelfe, or by his Magnani- 
mity in not exacfting it to himfelfe from others. 
No man better diicerncd of Men^ and therefore 
was he conftant in his Friendfliips, becaufe he re^ 
garded not the Fortune, nor Jdharence, but the 
Men- with whom alfo he conuerfed with an open*- 
neife of heart, that had no other guard then his 
owne Integrity, and that D^tl Confcire. To his 
Squalles hee carried himfelfe equally -^ and t6 
his inferiours famiharly^. but maintaining his 
Refpecfl fully, andonely, with the laatiuc fplen- 
dour of his worth. In fumme, hee was one inj 
whom might plaincly bee percemed, that Ho^l 
noftr and Honejly are but the i^me thing, ini 



tbc;difeent degrees ofjiptfons:; W6 iim^^rcfoh^^ 
and to the memory oTfe w6rrfv-be oonfccrated 
this^ though vnworthyQfFering< ' , -j^:, ^ ^ ^^.., 
And now, instating in this Qttiil JVor/^^^xh^ 
''Religious worjhip of the GenulcSy who when they 
I Dedicated any thing to their Gods, brought and' 
prcfented thefame to their Images • I bring dc prc- 
fcntthisGuiftofmine, rZ)fi7//^or>'^T'HvcrDiDES 
tranflated into Englifli^With much more dih'gence 
then^lcgance3 to-ypur Lordfhip, who are the I^ 
mage ofyour Father, (for neuer was a man more 
exadly cop pied out,then he in you,)and who haue 
in you the feeds of his vertues already fpringing 
vp. Humbly intreating your Lordfhip to efleeme 
jt amongll the Goods thatdefcend vpon you, and 
in your due time to read it. I could recommend 
the Autlior vntoyou, no~t impertinently 77or that 
he had in his veynes the blood of Kings- but I 
chufe rather to recommend him for his writings,as 
hauingin them profitable inflrudtion for Noble- 
men,and fuch as may come to haue themannaging 
of great and waighty aclions. Fqrimajy confi- 
dently fay,thatnotwithftanding the excellent both 
Examples and Precepts of Heroique Vertue you 
haue at home, this Bookewillconferrenota little 
to your inflitution • efpecially, when you come to 
the yeereSjto frame your life by your owneObfe 
nation. For in Hifio rj)f,2ic tions of honour and dij^ 
honour doe appeare plainely and SlITnc'tfy, which 
are which ^ but in the prefent Age they are fo dM^ 
guifed, that few there bee, and thofe very care- 
full, that bee not grofTely miftaken in them. 
'But this, I doubt not, is fup'erfluoufly fpokenby 
mec to your Lordfliipj Therefore I end with 

A z _ this 

The EytJllei)edic4tmK\ 

this pjayler, That it will plcafc God to.giue you 
Vcrtucs futabletothefaircdweUinghc hath pre- 
pared for them, and the happinefle that fuch Ver> 
tues Icade vnto, both in, aad after this worldi 

UiM. 3fl. 

^^'»4 ^ ■ Your Lordjhips mofi " ^ .i 

•I i humble beruant^x, . ... 

4 srlV^ip Tho.Hobbes. 

si;r.;'0!iv/ . ,j-;^ v - .-.i naHr^iuo Bd! 

srrit jfb 03 ?jldlbio J twoy gfiiJ53i3ni 
Lfiii ^uov rroqv ^. ' • - '- -'^^ ; ■ 
bavUifnoov bl:.: .1 

:■ loMiGinoiibui-' 

! D^ql-s -noboiiiinnu' 

(iOsri .vo .iio\ 7^. jtilifioynmc'R oJ.^5'l'J0^ 

I -li'. g! 311. f^-jsh 'i■^t^ ifiolDiq^iim'nrjd- (billy/ j-i . 

- : Tiocjl Yfir/ouRjoqulei ^joii jfjijqbi ^^idj ;ir 

" , ;,r,- T ..^,^1...,. ,:r -qir!' -'o.r Tr/oy ot ■ -i 



Hough this Tnndztlon haue already pa/l the Cen- 
Jtire of feme, whofe lodgements I ^; cry muchejleeme-, 
yet, bccau/e there ii fome thing, I know not Tvhat, in 
the cenjure of a Multitude, 7nore terrible then any 
Jingle Judgement , Imp feuere or exaSi foeuer I 
haue thought it diferetion in all men, that haue to doe 
'hnthfo many, and to me, in 7?iy ti'ant ofperfeciioii,neceffaryjtO hefl^fake 
your f'ajidor. Which that I may ypon the better reafon hope fhr^ I am 
li>iUing to acquaint you briefly, <uponf^hat grounds I <vndertooke this- 
Workeatfirfl-^andhaucftnce,bypublip?ingitj ptit my felfe fVpon the 
ha^rd ofyonr ccnfurc, ivithjofmall hope ofglory'^ as ^f-em a thing of\ 
this nature can he expected. For I hielkf ^ that mecre Wanflations''^ hW(e 
in than this property, that they may much difgracCj, if not mB done • but 
if well, not much commend the doer. ;:iv.:;.: .->' 1 ^^V-.-^V. '., . , ' 

Jt hath beene noted by dtuers, that Homer'in Poefie,. A'riftdtk 
in Philofophy ,Demollhenes in Eloquence, and ethers of the i>r* 
cients, in other knowledge, doeftill maintaine their Primacy ^none of them, 
exceeded, feme not approached, by any, in thefe later /-ges. And in th 
number of thefe, is iuflly ranked alfe our Thiicydides ; a Wcrkem'n 
no Icffeperfehin his ^rke, then any of the former^ andinlphom [Ibe'r 
leeue 'iVith many others) the Faculty of 'Writing Fiiflory is at the highef^. 
For the priiicipall ajid proper worke of Fliftory^hemg tf> infihtf^-,' 
and enable men, by the knoTi'ledge ofA8lions pall, to beay^themfeine's'' 
prudently inthe prefent, andprouidently to'pardstheVumrei-there^ii 
not extant any other [meerely humane) that doth more fully ^andnatnr^^ 
ljperformeit,thenthi5 of my Author. It k true, that therebcmmy-exceUm 
and profitable Hiftories "Written fence -, and in feme ofthm, there h fH~. 
ferted -very wifedifcourfes, both o/Manners-««^.F61icie. - ^utbfifi^, 
difcourfes iuferted^ and not of the contexture ofthclSlarration, they £. 
deed commend the knowledge of the Writer ^hut^iot the Fiifforyitjitfl^^ 
the nature whereof .^i^ meerely narratiue. Jhothiers, there bee fuhtHe 
conieHures, atthefecret aynies, and inward cogiioiims offiiS-d^fdl'^n-- 
der their 'Tenne -, >/;i<:fe is alfe none of the Imft^erPUMjti^^a, 'Mfid^j\ 



To the Readers. 

nvhere the cojueBure is throughly grounded^iiot forced to ferue the pur- 
\poje of the Writer, in adorhing his j}ile, or tnanifejling his fi(bttlty in 
comeEluring. 'But thefecomeciures cannot often be certaine,<vnlejje 
"itithallfo ctiident^tJ>atthe narration itfelfe may he fuffcient tofuggeji 
the fame al/o to the 'Reader . But Thucyd'idcs is one, "ft'/'o, though 
heneuer digre'jje to reade a Lecture, Moral! or n-oUticall^ <z'pon hif 
owne Text, nor enter iut^nif^ns hearts, further then the nHions them- 
f clues euidtntly guide him, is yet accounted the mejl Politique Hijlorio- 
\grapher that euer Tl'rit. The reafoif ivhercofltfih to bee this : He fil- 
Ueth his 'Narrations'^itb-that choice of matter, and ordereththm with 
that ludgement, and 'iVuh/uch perfpictdty and efficacy cxprejjcth him- 
felfc, that, as l^lucirch/kith, he maketh his AudiCOiM Spv-'(tt<ltOr. 
Forlyefetttehhis^aderintheASXcmhViQSofthe People, and in 
the Senates, df their debating • in the Scrcecs, at their Seditions • and 
in the Field at their Battels. Sothatlooke how much a man ofojnkr- 
J^anding, might haue added to his experience^ if he had then liucd, a be-^ 
holder of their proceedings^ mid familiar "^ith the men, and bujhwffe of 
the Ume-J^omuch almoji may he profit noTU^ by att entitle reading of the 
fame here written. He may from dye narrations dratp out lejfons to 
hinfelfe, and ofhimfelfe be able^ totmcethe drifts and cmmjailcs of the 
A^ors to their feate. "vv.'.l . 

Tlyef^ %ertues of ynj .Author didfo take my ajjcFlion .that they begat 
inmc a defire tb communicate him further ; 'ii'hichli^as the firfi occafion 
^hat moued mee to tranfate him . For it is an crrour ive eafily fall ifito, 
to beleeue.that tt^hatfoeuer pleafeth vs, "iijill bc^ in like manner and ds~ 
\gree, acceptable to all • andtoefteeme of one another s ludgement^ as'iVe 
agree in tj)e liking, or diJJikc ofthefime things. J?id in this trronrper- 
aduenturej^ds 1,'Sphen 1 thought, that as many ofthemoreiudicioHS,asl 
jhould communicate him to^ Ti^ouldajfeBhimasmuch as I my felfe did. 
Iconftder'edalfo,that he jvas exceedingly efteemedof the Icaiiaiis ajid 
Fr».nch in their owne Tongues ; mtwithfiandingthat he bee not nir>y 
much behold/ng for it to his Interpreters. OfU'hom fo fpcake no more 
t^oe,H becomes a Candidate of your good opinion in the fame kindcf I may 
fay this. That Timber eas the Author himjelje^ fo carrtcth Tlnth him hts 
owne light throughout t that the Reader may continually fee his way be^ 
jore him, and by that "^hichgoeth before, expect ^-hat is to follow, I found 
4(in9tfointhem. The cau/e "H^hereof and their excufe may bee this : 
They followed the Laciue o/"Laurendus Valla, "i^hich Ti^a^mtTi^ith- 
out fomeerrours, and he a GreekcCopie, not fo correct ds now is ex- 
tant. Outofi^rcndl'hee Id as done into tligljfli, (fori necde ?iot 
dtjfemble to hauefeenekm in Englifli) in thetime'ofl\ing Edward 
thefixth'y hut Jo, as ^y fnultiplicafion.oferrour^ckehecatne at lengtJ^ 


To the Readers. 

traduced, rather then tranjlated into our Language. Hereupon I re- 
joined to take him immediately from the Grecke, according to the Edi- 
tion o/^'Einilius Porca ; not refufin^.or negleSling anyrverfton.Cwn- 
fneut, or other helpe I could come hy. K^Hoivm» that ^hen li>ith Dili- 
gence and Lealure / pmdd haue done it^ though fome error might re 
maim J yet they Ifonld he errors hut of one dcfcent-^ of which ncuerthekffe 
I can dijcoucr none , and hope they hee not many. Jftcr 1 had f;ni / ed it, 
it lay long hy mce, and other reafons taking place, my dejire to comunini 

For I fatp, that^ for the greatefl part, men came to the reading of Hi- 
Jlory^ Ti'ith an affcbion much like that of the People, in Rome, iv/^o 
cametotheU'eSiacleoftheGVidhtOTS, Vahmore delight to behold 
their hloud, then their Skill in Fencing. For they be farre more in num- 
ber jhatloue to read of great Armies, bloudy 'Battels, and many thou- 
\fnndsflainc at once, then that minde the Ait, by which, the Affaires, 
j both of Armies, and Qties, be co}iduned to their ends. I objerued Itke- 
wifc that there were not, tvhofe eares loere ti^ell accusiomed to the of the places they (hall meet laith in this Hiflroy -, tt^ithout the 
knowledge whereof, it can neither patiently be readouer.perfeSily Imder- 
flood, nor eajily remenibred :, Ffj^ccially being many, a^heereit falkth 
out-^ becaufe in that /ge.alinofl euery City, both in Greece ^«(i Sicily, 
the two mainefcenes of this Warre, Tiros a dijlinci Qonvnon-'^calth by 
itfelfc , and a party in the Qnarrell. 

I Keuerthelcjfe I haue thought fince , that the former ofthefc confide 
rations ought not to be of any weight at all, to him that can content him- 
fife ipith the Few and better fort of Readers -, Ti'ho, as they onley 
fudge, fo is their approbation onely conftderable . And for the dijfu ulty 
arifuig from the ignorance of places, I thought it not/o tnfupcrable, hut 
that ivith conucnient ptBures of the (Countries it might be remoaed. T< 
yphich purpofe,lfawther-e')'i'ouldbeneceffiry,e[pecially two; a Gene 
rail Mr,ppe o/" Greece, and a Generall Mappe of Sicily. The latter of 
tkfe,i found already extant, exaclly done, hy Philip Cluuerius ;Tl7/;/V/; 
I haue caufcd to be cut, and you haue it at the beginning of the Sixth 
Bookc. But for MappesofGrtcct,fufficicnt for this purpofe, I could 
light on none. For neither are the Tables o/Pcoloinie, and defcripti- 
ons ofthofe that folloTt> him, accommodate to the time o/'Thucydides ,• 
and therefore few of the '7 laces by him mentioned, therein defcribed : nor 
are thofe that hee, agreeing alwayes iPtth the truth of Hifiory. Where- 
fore Itt>as confirained to draw one {as leell as I could j 7ny felfe. Which 
todoe, I'kias to rely, for the maine Figure of the Countrey, on the mo- 
derne defcription «oTb in reputation ■ and in that tofet downe thofe Places 
efpecially (^as many as the Volume Ticas capable of) which occurre in the 


reaiin^Shis Author , and to ajft^ne them that Jituation, tphich, hy 
trauclltn Scrabo, P^iufanlas, Herodotus, andjome other ^ood Au- 
thors, I jaw klon^cd 'vnto them . And tof})ewyou thatlhatu: not flayed 
the Mountih'ankt in it, pitting dotme cxaSily foine few of the Trincipall^ 
and the rcjt at aducnture ^ tvithout care, and without reajon, Ihaue ioy- 
ned with the Mappe an Index, thatpoi}iteth to the Authors Ti'hich Vill 
iiiftifie me, yi'here I di^er from others. JFith thefc Mappcs, and thofe 
feTi^ hriefe notes in the Mar^^'ne,'Vpon /uch paffa^ef, as I thought niofl 
required them, IJupjfo/ed the J-liflo)y might be read finth <very much he - 
fieft,hy all men of good Judgement and Education , (for whom aljo it TUas 
intended fom the beginning by ThiicydidcsJ) and hauc therefore at 
length made my Labour publike, not tvithout hope tohaue it accepted. 
\rlnch if lohtaine, though no other wife then in <uertue of the. Juthors 
excellent matter ^it isfufficient. 

Thefc errours of the Prcffc, I defirc the Reader 
to corred with his Pcnne, thus. 

jPag- 3 i. 1. J . Mi/daitia, 
39.1. J, their. 

7i.l.a8. from, 

itj.l.j^i. ofCylleiie, 

,31.1.19. aft, 

jjj.I. 9. amazed, 
i.^ 1 41.1.x I. Oc«;«, 
l" , ifi.1.36. likneffc, 
f.\ .' aoj.l.3t. encounter, 

i(t5. 1.1.2. ncccfsitics, 
'-^-- 150.1.3^. firft 
V', J54.1.I4. Vh^nocis, 
•'* ■ " 1 5 ^. 1. 1 . TbrfMonum, 

.jY a68.L4O.tluS, 

nt.lii. Gcrajlim, 
: i aSi.l. I. Anbibextn, 

\-z6, this for power 
l.zy. and as thcfc. 






to C)Ut>U, 





encounter them. 






the month GfTii/JiJ 


this power. 


the whole- 

354.1. J. but, 
416.1 14, in, 
457. 1.4, whok, 


P.i4.Nowthc Gulfcof So called from J«' 
rmc, called To an Jfljiias.Novv 
from liis an IB)- the Gulfe oiVt- 
liariy nice, 

TI7. went, fcni, 

3<4, defite, deterre, 

h the Lift efthc Author. 

y.1.34, affcftioD, affcaatioB. 

V. v\i n«\ f 






OF THE Life A N D H i ,s- t o ii f ^^^^^^ 

Ee readc of diuers men that bearc the name ofThucydrdes. 
There is T'h/icydides a Pharf tUM,montioncd in the eighth 
Booke of this Hiftory ; who was publike Hodc of the <^- 
themat's in Pharftitts ,2t\d chzncmc^tobe at a^t hens, it the 
time that the gouernment of the 400 began to goc downe, I 
by his interpo(ition,and perfwafion, keptafunder the Fa- 
('/'<>«/ then arming thcmfelues, tl at they fought not in the 
City to the ru me of the Common, wealth. There is Thncv. 
dides thefon oi Milcfiai,zxx AthcHMnM thctowneof AUpe-^ 
of whom Plutarch fpcaketh in the Life of Ve,-icle:;ir\i the fame in a!l probabilitie' 
tlwt in the firft Book of this Hiftory ,isfaid to haiie had the charge of 4oGallies/ent 
agaioft ^umos ^zhout 2 4 yceres before the beginning of this Warrc. Another Tht!" 
cydidcs tlic fonn« oi^riflo'i^^n alfo, of the Towncof (^Acherdw , WJS a 
Poctjthoughofhisvcrfestherebenothingcxtant. hutThucydides the writer bf 
this Hiftory ,an ylihcman, ot'tbe Towncof Halimtu, wasthefonne of Oleytu , (br 
Orolui ) and Hcgcfpyle. His Fathers name is commonly written OUrtu thon''h in 
the Infcriptianoo his Tombc,it was Orelm. Howfocaer it be written, it is the 
famethat was borne by diuers of the Kingsofr/jr^cf, and impofedorthim with 
refped vntohis defcentfrora them. So that though ouc Author (as Cftvrofaith of 
him Lib.i.De Or.tcore) had ncuer written an Hiftory , yet had not his name not bin regard of his Honour and Nobility. And notonely Plutarch, in the Liiz 
of ^/;;;9w,butairoalmoft all others that haue touched this point, affirrae diredly 
that he was dsfcendcd from the Thracun Kings. Adducing this for proofe,that he 
was ofthehouie of yl./;/f/^.'/fj,rhat famous General! of the Athenians ^agi\a{\ the 
Perfians ntM^rathoyr; which they alfo prouc by this, that bis Tombe was a long 
time extant imongft the Monuments of that Family. For neere vnto the Gates 
oSc^//;<^?;.f, called Ollt'tridfs.thcrc was a place named Cvc/.t^and in it the Monu- 
ments called C/»»oj?i*«^, belonging to the Family of (i^^/"/7f»W«, in which^noncbut 
fuchaswereofthat Family, might be buried. And amongft thofc was the Monii- 
mentofTib«cW/Wf.r,withthislnfcription, Thncjdides Oroli HaUmnfiM. Now 
MiitLidcs iscoflfdled by all,tohaacde{cendedfrom 0/or/«,KingofT/7r«cc^whofe 
daughter another /W(Vr/Wfj,Grandfathcr to this, married, and had children by. 
And ^W</n<iti<?.r4thatwonne the memorable vidory at ijlf'iratbon^ was heirc to 
goodly poffcfs)on$,and Cities in the Cfecr/"??7^/r/i« of T^r<?c«-, ouer which alf?) hec 
raigneii. In Thrace lay alfo the polVefsions oiThucydides and his wealthy Mines of 
Gold.asiichimreife profeflcth in his fourth Booke. And although thofe riches 
might come tohim by a Wife( as is alfo by fome affirmed) which he married in 
Scipte.Hyle^i City o{Thrace,yet eucn by that marriage, it appearcth, that his af- 
faires had a rtlatjon to that Count rey, and that his Nobihty was not there vn- 
kaowne. But m what degree of kindred j^'J/z/aWa, and he,approachcd eacho- 
ther,i»notany where madeaianifeft. Somealfohaucconieiaured that hec was 
of the houfe of the Piftftratides -, the ground of whofecoitiediirehath bcenconely 
thiSjthathemakcchhonourablc mention of the gouernment of PtfiJiratWyitiiiiis 
fonnes.andextermareth the glory of Harmodttu znd ^_^rtfroq^iton- prouing that 
the freeing of the State of Athens from the tyranny of the PifH-r.uuies _, was fa\([j 
afcribed to theirfi«fl( which proceeded from priuatereuenge,in a quarrel of Loue) 
iby which the tyrannjf ceafed not,but grew heauier to the State^tiJlic was atiaft put 
r*) downc 

Of the Life and Hijlory ofThucyJida 

dowacby the LacediTHoniaus. But this opinion , as it is not fo well grounded , lo 
neither is it fo v*cli rcceiucdas th« former. 

Agreeable to his Nobility , was his inftitution in the ft\idy of Eln^ue»ce,iT)i Phi. 
loftphy For in Phtlefopliy^e W3S the Scholler { as alf© was PnkUs and Socrates ) 
oiAiaxagordf, whofcopinions,bcingofa ftraine aboue the apprchcnfion of the 
vulgar,procured him the cftimation of an «^r/7«/,which name they beflowcd vp. 
on all men thatthought not as they didjOf their ridiculous Rtligion.and in the end, 
coil him hiJ life. AndSocr/iffjaftcrhimforthclikccaufcs. vnJcr.wtnt the like 
fortune. It is not therefore much to be rcgarded,if this other difciplc of his, were 
by fome reputed an Athieft to. For though he were nonc,y ct it is not improba. 
ble, but by thclight of naturallreafon,he mightfee «jnough in the Religion of thtii 
Heathcn^tomakchimthinkeitvaine, and fuperftitious; which was enough to 
make him an yifk»/,in the opinion of the People. In fome places of his HilWy. 
hec notcth the xquiuocation ofrhcOracles; and yet hcc confirmeth anafler- 
tion of his owne, touching the time this Warrelafted, by the Oracles predi- 
Ciion. HetaxcchiV»cf*fforbeingtopunduaIlintheobferu3tion of the Cercmo 
nies of their Religion, whcnheouerthrew himftlfe snd his Army, and indeed 
the whole Dominion andliberty of hisCountrcybyit. Ycthccommendeth him 
in another place for his worfhipping of the gvds.znd faith m that rclpeft, hcc Icaft 
ofallmendeferuedtocometofogreatadegreeofCalamityvashe did. So that in 
his writings our Authour appeareth to bc,on the one lide not fuperfticious , on the 
other fide^noc an yir^'-'/?. 

In 7?fc«onV/;<f,he was the Difciplc of y^»rj;/ww. one (by his difcription in the 
eighth Booke of this Hiftory ) for power of fpcech alrnol> i miraclr,and feared by 
the 7'fo;»/f,tor his eloquence, Infomuchasinhislatterdayeiheliuedrrtyrcj. but 
fo.ashe gaue counfell to,and w rit Orations for other men that rtforrcd vnto him, 
to that purpofe. It was he that contriued the dcpofing of the Peifk^ and rhe ret- 
ting vp of the gouernment of the 400. For which alfo he was put CO death, vvhen 
thcT^tf/j/eagaine recouered their authority j not withftanding that he pleaded his 
owne caufe.the bcftofany man tothat day. 

It need rot be doubted.but fromfucha Mi^cr, Thutj/diJes was fufficientlyqua- 
lified,to hauc bi come a great Demagogue,aDd ofgrcat authority with the Peeple. 
But it feemeth he had no defire at all to meddle in thcgouernment,bccaufe in thofe 
times it was impofsiblc for any man to giue good and profitable counfell for the 
Commort-wealth and not incurre the difpleafure of the Teople. For their opinion 
wasfuch of their owne po wer,andofche facility of atchicuing whatfoeuer aSi 
on they vndertooke, that fnchmenonely fwayed the Affemblies, and were cftee. 
med Wife and good Common^wealchs men,as did put them vpon the moft danj^e- 
rous and dcfperatc enterprizes. Whereas he that gaue them temperate, and dif- 
crectaduice,wasihoughtaCoward,ornottornderftand,orelfetomaligne their 
power Andnomaraellj for much profperity (to which they had now for many 
yecresbecnaccuftoracd)makethmeninlouewiththemfclues;andit is hard for 
any man to loue that counftU which maketh him loue himfelfe the IcfTe. And it 
holdcthir.uch more in a Multitude, then in one Man ; Foi a man that reafoneth 
with hiinfelfc,will not beafliamcd to admit of timerom fuggcftions in his bufi- 
ncflCjthat he may the ftronglyer prouide ; but in pubhquc deliberations before a 
Multitodc, Fcare,(whichforthemoflpartaduifcthwel!, thoughit execute not 
fo ,) feldome or neuerfhcweth it feIfe,or is admitted. By this meanes it came to 
pafl«amongftthc-'4rfcfW<j»j,whothoughtthey wcreable to doe any thing , that 
wicked men and flatterers drauc them headlong into thofe aftions rhar were to 
ruinc them;and the good men cither durft not oppofe,or ifrhcy did, vndid thcm- 
felnes. Thncydtdes therefore, that he might not be cither of them that commit- 
ted,or oftheiw that (ufFcred cnill , forbore to come into the Affemblies, and pro- 
pounded to himfelfc,a priutte life as farre as the cmincncy of fo wealthy * perfonj 
and the writing of the Hiflory he had vndcrtaken,woiild permit. 

Forhii opinion toBchingthegouernmentoftheState,it is man'fcft that he leaft 
oii\\\\kt^x.\\t Democracy. Andvpondiucrsoccafionshce noteth the emulation 
and contention of the Dema|OgBes,for reputation, and glory of wit ; with their 
crofiing of each others counfcls to the daminage of the Publiquc j t he inconftancy 


Of the Life and Hijlory of Thucydides. 

ofRcfoIutions.caufcd by the diuerfity ofernjs.aod power of Rhctorique in the O. 
rators; and thcdefperatcaaionsvnJerrakcn vpon the flattering adtiicc of ftichas 
dcfired to attains, or to hold what they had attained of aiythority and fway a. 
mongft the common people. Nor dothitapp:are,thathemagni(icthany whert; 
theauthoricyofthei->lv;amongftvvhomhefaltheut•ry one dcfucth to be chicfe, 
andthey that are vnderualuedjbearc it with lefll- patience then in a Democracy \ 
whereupon fedition followeth,and diffolution ofthc goiicrnmcnt. Hce prayfeth 
thcgouernmcntofs^/'fcf;?j,\viienit wasmixt of the Few ?>nd the M^ny; but 
more he commcndeth it, both when Pififiruttts raigned ffauing that it was an vfur- 
ped power ) and when in the beginning of thisWarre, it was DinjocratictH in 
tizme^hutiaciicA MoTj^.rehic.'JvndcvTericlet. So that ic fccmeththatas he was 
of Regall dcfcentjfo he bcflapproucd of the l{r»aliqoneyntne>n. It is there fore no 
maruelljif he meddled as little as he could in the bufincfle ofthc Common- wealth, 
but gauehimfclfc rather to the obferuation and recording of what was done by 
thoic that had the mannaging thereof. Which aifo he was no Icffe prompt dili- 
gent and faithfuUby the difpolition of his mind,then by his fortune , 'dignity , and 
wifcdome,3blotoaccomplini. Howhcwasdifpofcd to a worke of this nature, 
may be vnderffood by this, that when being a young man he heard Heradotm the 
Hifloriographer reciting his Hiftory in I'ubliqie , ( for fuch was the failiion 
bothofthac,and many Agesaftcrj he felt fo great a fling of xmulation,that it drew 
tearesfromhim, infomuchas/ffrofl'flf<Mhimfelfc tooke notice how violently his 
mind was fet on letters,and told his Father Oloriu. When the Tdoponuefum Warre 
begantobreakeout,hcconiefturedtruely, that it would prooue an Argument 
worthy his labour; and no fooner it began, then he began his Hiftory; purfu- 
ingthe fame, not in that perfed raanner,in which we fee it now, but by way of 
Commcntary,orpla!neRegiRerofthe Anions and paffages thereof, as from time 
to time they fell out,and came to his knowIedgc.Buc fuch a Commentary it was,as 
might perhaps deferue to be preferr'd before a Hiftory written by another. For it 
is very probable that the eighth Booke is left the fame it was when he firfl writ it, 
neither beautified with Orations, nor fo well Cemented at the Tranfittons , as the 
former i su en Bookes are. And though he began to write as foone as euer the 
Warre was on foot, yet began he not to perfed and polilh his Hiilory, till after he 

For notwithflandingliisretyredlifevpon the Coaflofr^r.fCf, where his owne 
polVcfs ions lay, hecouldnotauoydaferuice oftheS'tatc, whishprouedto him af- 
rerwardsvery vnfonunate, Forwhileflherefidedin the He Thafns , it fell out 
that Brafidaf the L(iced£moniaij,hc{\e.^td Amphifolis, a Citie belonging to the a//- 
thcriians, on the Confines of T/jr^cc. zvi^Miiccdony , diffant from Tbafw-, about 
halfe a dayes faylc. To relieue which, the Captaine thereof for the Athenians ^Ctnt 
to Tbucydtdes, to leuy a power and make haff e vnto him. ( for ThucjMdes was one 
of the StrAte^i, that is, had authority to raifc forces iu thofe parts, for the feruice of 
the Common- wealth.) And he did accordingly. But he came thither one night 
too late, and found the City already yeelded vp. And forthis he was afterwards 
banifhed, as ifhe had let flip his time through negligence, or purpofely put it off, 
vpon feare of the Enemy. NeuerthelefTe he puthimfelfe into the Citic of Eton, 
an.1 preferucd it to the Atheutms , with the repulfe of "Brafidaiy which came 
djwnc from <i^iw;^r>(7/w, the next raorning,andafraulted it. The author of his 
baniflimentisruppofed tohauc been CUon , a moft violent Sycophant in thofe 
times, and thereby alfo a mofl acceptable Speaker amongft the people. For 
whcreaffairesfucc-edamiffe, though there want neither prouidencc, nor cou. 
rageintheConduSicn, yet with thofe that iudgeonely vpon cuents, thewajrto 
calumny isalwayesopcn, and£««y, in the likenefTe of Zf<i/<? to the Publiquc good, 
eafily findeth credit for an accufation. 

A!cerhisBani!hment,heliuedin5'c^j9fe-/y)r/fj a Ckk of Thrace.hehte men 
tioncd, as /'/«r4>-f/jvvriteth ;butyetfo,ashewentabroad,andwasprefcnt at the 
Adions ofche rcff ofthc Warre. as appeared! by his owne words in his fiit Booke. 
Where he faith, that he was prefent at the Anions of both parts, and no leffe at 
ithofe of th? 'P.'loporieft4-is , by reafon of his exile , then thofe ot the Athenians. 
Duringthis time alfo.he perfefted hisHiftory,fo farasisnawto be feenesuor doth 
I (a 2) it 

Ohhc L'ffe and HiftoryoiThucjd'ide^X 

itappcare that after his exile, he eueragaineenioycdhisCouhtrcy. it is not 
cleere m any Author,wherc,or whcn,or in what yccrc of hist)\vnc Aqe , he dyed. 
Moft agree that he dyed in Bani{hment; yet there be that hauc written , that after 
the dvfcat in Sicily, the Jthfrnans decreed a gencrall reuocationofall banidicd 
perfonsjexccpt thofeof the Family oiPijijlratus ; and that he then rtturncd, and 
was aftcrwarusput todeath at t^thens. But this is very vnlikcly to be true^vn- 
k ({c by cf(tr the defeat in Sicily, \\z meant/u lon^^ aftn-,t\\it it was alfo after the end 
of the P elofountfi.mW^ zxxc,heci\i[eT I: iicydifies himklK' makcth no mention of fiich 
rcturne^though he out-Hued the whole War,as is manifeft by his words in the hit 
Bookc. Forbefa tlihehued inbanifhrnent twenty yecrts after his chargeat Jm- 
phipolis ; which happened in the eighth yeci c of this VVarrc,\vhich in the whole, la- 
fled but 2 7 yecres complcat. And in another place he makeih mention of the razin;| 
of the Lon^-venlles bctweene PnVo: ;«,and the Citie; which was the latt ftrokc of this 
Warrc. they that fay he dyed at (^^//JrwJ,raketheirconicdurefrom his Monu- 
ment which was tl'.ere. But this is not a fuHicicnt Argument; forhemightbce 
buried there fecrctly, (asfome hauc written he was) chough he dyed abroad- or 
hisMonumentmightbcthcre,and(asothcrshaueaflirmed jhenot buried init. 
In this variety of coniedure there js nothing more probable then that which is 
writtenby.'7-'rt7/.Ty/^j-,wherehcdcfcribtth the Monuments of the ^themau Citie, 
and faith thus. Tloe worthy Aft "/ Oenobius, in the behalfc o/Thucydidcs, /> not 
withtut hsr.otir ( meaning that he had a Statue.) For Oenobius cbtamtdto h.t/te a De. 
crcep^JJeapr his ret un/c -yVfiho returning \\pas Jlatw by treachery , and his Sepulchre is 
necre the (Jatcs c.iHed Mclirides. He dycd,as faith <JMiiyctll!>iM,2ih<:r the feuen and 
fiftieth yecreof his Age. And if it be true that is written by e^. Gc'///.'/,ofthe A- 
gcs oi HelLniCHsJ'IcrcditMi, znA Thncydides,t\-\CT\ died he not before the fixty eighth 
yeere. For if he were forty when the,and liued(ashedid, certain- 
ly ) to f^e it ended he might be more when he dyed, but not kfle then fixty eight 
yceresofAge. What children be kft,i$ not manifcff. Plato in /ifmove , makcth 
mentionof/l'//7r/7,{;and5f<f;7/j.u7/o.fonnesofaT/!;.'CY'^tV«,ofa very Noble Fami- 
ly; but i: is clccie they were of ThMji^uUs.ihc Riuall of Pericles, both by the 
name ^///f//*/ , and bccsufe this 7/«<jir//<^cjaI(o, was cfthe Family of y^////->- 
sdes,as PlMtnrch tefl ficth in the Life oi(^im»>:. Thathe had a fonne.isaffirmed by 
/'/<irff///ww, our of the authority of /'c/.fwor, but of his name there is no mention, 
faue that a learned man readtth therein the place of Sf«... ( v\ hich is in the imper. 
fedCopie )Timothtns, Thusmuchofthepcrfonof //i«a«'/WM. 

Now for his writings , two things are to bee confiiered in them. Truth, and 
Eloejuutio-i, For in Trnth coniifteth the Soul', and in Eloqitntion the Hodj of Hi- 
ffory. Thclatter withouttheformcr,isbutapidureof Hiftory ; and the former 
without thelatt';r,vnapt to inftrud. But let vs fee how our Author hath acquit- 
ted himfcife in both. For the Faith of this Hiftory.l fhall haut thelcfleto fay , in 
refpe£l that no man hath euer yet called it into qiKHion. Nor indeed could any 
man iuiUy doubt of the truth ofthat Vv^'riter, in whom they had nothing at all to 
fufpcd of thofe things that could hauecaufea him either voluntarily to lie, orjg, 
noranrly to ddiuer an vntruth. He oucrtaskcdnot himfcife by vndcrtakingan Hi- 
flory of things done long before his time ,and of which he was not able to informe 
himfcife. He was a man that had as much mcancs, in regard both of his dignity 
aod weal. h,to find the truth of what he relatcth, as was-ncedfull for a man to hauc. 
Hevfcdasmtichdiligenccinfcarchotthetruth, (noting eucry thing whiltff it 
was frclh in memory ,and laying out his wealth vpon intelligence ,) as was pofsible 
for a man to vfe. He affedcdleaftofany man the acclamations of Popular Audi- 
tories, and wrote not his Hifiory to win prefcntapplaufc, as was the vfe of that 
Age, bu t for a Monument to inlf rud the Ages to come. Which he profcfTeth him- 
'cife, and Entitleth his Booke K T ll m a n ^ a E I , A Pofe/to>i far etierlaft'"^^- 
He was farrefrom the nccefsity of feruilc Writers, either to feare or flatter. 
And whereas he may peraduenture be thought to hauc bcene makuolent towards 
hisCountrey,becaufetheydcfcruedtohiuchimfo, yet hath he not written any 
th ngthat difcoucreth any fuchpafsion. Nor istherc anything written of thern 
that tendcth to their dilhonour, as^rAirw^M.f,butone!y asPeople; andthatbythe 
nccefsity ofthenarratioo,oot by any fought digrefsion. So that no word of his, 


lOfthc Life mdffipry ofThufyct^Msi 

but theif own aftions do fometimes reproach them. In rnmme. ifthc truth of a Hi- 
ftory did cuer appcare by the Enanncrorrehting,it doth Co in this Hiltory ; So co. 
ha;rent.pcr!picuous and perfa'afiucisthe whole Narration, and cuery part thcrof. 

In the FJoqnntinn aUo; Tv/o things are conlidcrable, Difjiufition or Afctl.'ocJ, and 
Siilc. Ohhc D I U'o/itton here vOidbyThiicy^/idcs, it will be fiiflicicnt in this ^^lace, 
briefly to obfcriic ontly thi s. That in his firft Bookc^firfl he hath by way of Exor- 
<//«/',/,dcrincd the State of 6V«cc from the Cradle, to the vigorous feature it then 
was at, wh^n he began to write ; andncxr,deciarcd the catifes, both reall and p>c2 
tended oithc Warrt hce was to write of, Inthercft, in which hee handlcth the 
Vvarrcit felfe,lie followethdiftinftly and purely the order of tin:ic throughout.; 
rclatingwh^itcametopaffcfiomyecretoycerc, and fubdiuiding each yeerc into 
a Summer and Winter, The groundsandmoiiucs of cuery action, he fctteth down 
before the adion it felfe^cither Narratiuely^or clfe contriucth them into the forme 1 
oi'Dchbcr,>.tii:c Orations, in theperfonsoffuchasfroro timcto time bare fway in 
the Common-wealth. After the a(Sions,when there is iuR o.cafionjic gincth his i 
iudgementofthcm.diewingby what meancs the fuccclfc came either to be furthe- 
red or hindered. DigrefstonsforinMruaionscaurc, and other fuch open conuey. 
ancGs of Precepts ( whicli is the Philofophers part ) he ncuer vfcth , as hauing fo 
clecrely let before mens cyes,che waycs and cuents,ofgood and cuill counfelsjthat 
the Narration it fclfcdothfecreilyinftrud the Reader, and more cfFjdualiy then 
pofsibly can be done by Precept. 

For'his Stilc^ 1 leferre it tothe iudgemcntof diuers antient and competent 
Judges. P!ntanh in his ^ooVc, "Dtg! or i.i At bciienf itr,), (mhoiWim thus. Thucy- 
didtsUymsthiih^ayesat thi'S^totnakc his u4nditor a Sfcllater, andtocaft his Reader 
!!it0 tk'fime pafjlons they Vfere in, that were beholders. 7 he manner ho\\i Demott.-^ 
\\f:nzsar,wvedthe At\\cmir\s en the rugged pjore before Pylus- How Brafidas vrg^d' 
the '•1 '•^efm.vitornnnehis (j ally aground; hew he^'tnt tothe Ladder, or place in the! , 1 rdefcentyhoW' he \\\u hurt , and f\vonncd.,and fell de\\-ne o:i the ledges ifthc Gaily ; 
/?''\V tht SpurtZoeffitfht after the manner of a Land.fght vpon the Sea^tttdihe Atheni- 
ans oj a Sea-fight vpu>i Land, ylg ame, tn rfcf Sicilian W.trre, hoVc a bat tell "^as fought 
by Sea and Land,\vtth e<juall fortune. Thefe things,! fay , are fo defcribedyund fo eittdent- 
lyfet before our eyes, that the mind of the 'Kfadcr ts no IcffeajfeU-cdt herewith ^ thru if hee 
hadbemeprefent in the /lihons. There is for his perfpccuity. Cicero in his Booke 
ylndthfrefore Herodotus .W Thucydides<?re the more admirable. For though they 
li.iedif7 the fame y'freV.'ith thufef haue beforeriamcd,(^meaning'Thra.Cytmchas, Gor- 
guis rfw</ Theodorus )yet "^erethcyfarrefrom this kind of delicacy , or rather indeed 
fvlery. For the one \\iithont ruhbe,gently glideth like a ftill River, and the other (mea- 
ning Thucydides) runnes flronglier^and in matter ofWarre, as it Vpcre,bloVipeth a trum- 
prt^afWarre. Andtn thcfe two ( as faith TheophraftusJ HiJleryhatkroW^fedherfelfe, 
and adaentured to lpcake,both more copoujly,and With more ornament t hen in thofe that 

wrehefsfethcm. This commcnds the grauity , and the dignity of his language. 
Againe in his fecond Boeke, 'Dc Orato,e,x\v\t, Thucydidcs;/i the Art offpeaking^ 
hathinmy opinion fitr exceeded them all. For he is fo full ofmatter-j that the number of his 
Jente>.'ces, doth almefi reach to the number of his Words ; and in his Words he is fo apt, and 
fe clefc,that it is hard to fay .^whether hi^ words do more itlufirate his fentenccs.or his fa- 
iences hii words. There is for the pithinefle and ftrcngth of his Stile. Laftly , For 
the purity ,and propriety, Icite^'DtonyfiMs Halicamafius^ whofe teftimony is the 
ftronger in th's point. becaufe he was a (frecke Rhetorician for his faculty , and for 
hisaff.:r(aion,one that would no further commend him, then of neccfsity he miift. 
His words are thefe. There is one venue in Elequence,the chief efi of all the refi, and- 
witlout which thirc is no other good icff'e in fpeech. Ifhat is that ? That the language 
be pure a'ldrctaine the propriety of thcCrCe^e tongue. This they both obferue diligent- 
ly. Fo; Herodotus «> rfcf ^£'7? rule of tht- lonique, «w^ Thucydides of the Att'que Di 
alect. Thc'eteitimonies are not needfiill to him that hath read the Hiftory itfelfe, 
nor atali,but:hatth^sfame'Z)/ff'7r/^/« hath takenfo much paines , and applyed fo 
much of his faculty in Rhetoriquc to the extenuating of the worth thereof; More- 
loner , T hau^ thoug'itit neceffary totakeoat chepnncipall obieQionshe maketh 
againli him, and Without many words ofmineowne, to leaue them to the confix 
' deration 

Of the Life 3.nd JJiJiory ofThucyilides. 

deration of the Reader. AndfirftD/flw//?/!! faith thus. Thefyincipall,ct»dmift we- 
cejj'*ry oij-ce ojjiny that intcHdtth to Write 4 Hiftor)\is to chiife n Noble ^rfnttiefit, 
itrui efitH 10 ji'.ch us (l)*!! reade it. ./^nd this ^HciodomSyin my cfinioyi^buthdone bet- 
ter then jhucyJidcs. for Herodotus hath written ihe iojm iJifii>ry , both of the 
Gretkes.i"i/ BaibarianS,fc/j;(f/row; obUnion^c^c. ""But Thucydidcs writeih one orci; 
W.^rre^ ts'idthut neither heaeurablc^ner fcrtutitte^Vuhich friKCipaltj^A^ere to bee W'ifljsd 
nenertt hiiucbccne; and next ^ncuer to hane been remen.bred , nor k>iarnc to p^erity. 
jird that hetoal^aii eitill Arfiimem in h<>nd,hc niaketh it minifefi in his p-cc7»e , faying ^ 
That many Cities were in that VVarrc madcdcfolatc.and vtt<:rly dt(lroyed,partfy 
by Barb.tri.iKs, partly by the greekrj themfdiics: fo many baniihmcnts,and To much 
nJtightcrof men asncuerwasthe likcbctorCj&c the hearers will abburre 
•, rfr the firft fropeimdiva^. NoM'by hoW much it is better to Write cf the Wondcrfnll 
tls both of the barbarians^ xnd Grecians/ /;«■« of the pittifnllnnd hcrnble calamtics of 
the GrecianSjp w«f^ wijeris Herodotus in the choyce ofhu jirgnment, then Thucy- 

Now let any man confider whether it be rot more reafonable to fay .• That the 

principMl!,c^ msfi iiecejjxry office of. him that niilvrrite a JFJ'fiory,is to tnkefuch an Ar. 
ptiTnent^AS is both Within his power Well to handle , and prrfitable to poflerity thxt jhxli 
're.ideit. ivhich Jhiicydides, in the opinion of aU men , htirh done better thenldcrodo- 
tUS. forHeroJotUS -v/idertookc to write cf thofe thirds « cf which it xvM impoftblefor 
hint to kl'ow the truth -, end Which delifht more the eare Withfabulew NtirrittioKSf then 
fji iifie the mind with t ruth. "But Thucydidcs writ eth one fVnrre , vehich^ hoW it Was 
Cf.rricdfronithebe£inmi:^tothec/:d,hevi!AS able certitincly to irforme himfelfe. uind 
by prvBoiindin^ tnhii "Proem: , themifcries happened in the fame j he jhavcth that 
it was a or eat \Vitrre,a7id vrorthy to be hiivWnc^and net tc be concealed ft/??} poflerity^for 
the calamities that then fell vpon the Grecians; but the rather lobe triiclydeliuered vnto 
them for that menprofit more by leoki:Tg on adHcrJe eiients^than on profperity. Then/fore 
by how much mens mifcrics doe better inftrti^^then their joed fucceffe , by fomutliWas 
Thacydidcs more happy in taking his Argument ^thcn Herodotus was Wtje in chufing 

7?/off;y<«/againe,(aiththus. The next ojjiee of him will write a Hiflory , is to 
know where tobegin.,andwbere to end. Andinthis point Herodotus/^fwff/) tebefarrc 
more difcreet thenThaaydidcs. For in the frfi place he Ltycth doWne the caufe , for 
which the Barbarians began to ininrc the Grecians ; and going o>7, md'jth an end at the 
pttnifiment^and the reuenge taken on the Barbarians. "But Ihucydidcs begins at the 
good eftate of the CTCcia.n$jWhichbci*tg a CrtcilO, and an Athct\hn, he aught not to 
htiuedone; Kor ought hcjyeing of that dignity amengft the Athenians, /o cttidentlyto haue 
laidthe fault efthe VVarrc vpon bis owne (^ity,whtn there Wert other cccafions enough to 
which he might haue imputed it. Nor ought he to hatte begun with the bufwejfc of the 
Corey rxan s,^«f at the more Noble AUs of his Countrey,Which t hey did immediately af- 
terthe PerHan Warre,(^hich afterward in conuenient place he mentioncth^but it is but 
ciirforily,and not at ht ought.) And When he had declared thofe,With much affellien, <u 
a loner of hio Countrey^ then hefhould haue brought in , how that t he Lacedemonians, 
through e«ny and fear e Jbut pretending other caitfcs ,begaifthe tVarre^and jo haue dejcen- 
dfd to t heCorcyrxsnbufneJfe^and t he IJecrtc againjl the Megarcans , or Whatjoeuer 
elff he had toput in, Thenin the ending of his Hiftory, there be maify erreitrs committed. 
For though heprofcjfe he Was prefcnt in the whole warre.and that he Would write it all, 
yet he endsWithtbeNaitallbattellatCynoffemi, whichwas fought inthe iiyeerc of 
the rraire; Whereas it hadbeene better to haue gone through With it, .tnd ended his Hifto- 
ry With that /sdmir able, and grate full returfic of tbcbantflied Athcnians/>ww Philc , at 
which time the City rccouercd her liberty. 

Tothislfay. That it Was the duty of him that had vndertaken toWrite the Hiftory 
of theVelopORtit:Ci2nf''f''arre^tobegin his N.trratienno further cfy then at the caufes of 
thefame^whetherihcCreciitiSwerethcningfodjoriieeutllefiate. And if the iniury, 
viofj rrhichthc Warre arofe,proceededfrom the Athenians/ Ar» the writer^ though an A- 
thcnian, and honoured m his (/^untrey^ought to declare the ftme, and not tofceke , tior 
tai\t ^thniiqh at hand.any ether eccaf on to transf^errc the fault , And that the Alls done 
before the time comprehended in the Warre he writ ef,ntiglt to haue been touched but cur- 
f»ri!y,4ndno more then may ferfse for the enlighttfing of the Htfiory to follow , hoW Noble 


O f the Life SindHiJiory o^Thucydides, 

focHcr ihtfc ji^i haut beene. which when he hadthm touched, without afeHion to ei- 
ther fide yind not as A loner of hu Countrej , hut of truth , then to haue froceeded to the 
refi , with the hkeindtfferency^ jind to hmue made an end of Writing ^ where theWarre 
endtdywhich he vndertooketo ^^nte; net producing his Hiftory beyond that peried^t hough 
t»4t which followed ^re nenerfo admtrablrand acceptable. AH this Thucjdidej hath 

Thcfe two criminations,! haue therefore fetdowne at large, tranflated almofl 
verbatim, that the iudgcment oCDiony/iM Halicamafjlw ^nay the better appearc, 
cortcerning the maync and principall vertucs of a Hiftory. I thinkc there was ne- 
uer written fo much abfurdity info f«w lines. He is contrary to the opinion of all 
men that cuer fpake of this fubicft bcfides himfelfe, and to common fenfe. For 
he makes the fcope of Hiftory not profit by writing truth , but delight ofthe hea- 
ror, as if it \Vcr£ a Song. And the Argumertc of Hiftory, he would not by any meanes 
haue to containc the calamities and raifcry of his Countrcy, f thcfe he would haue 
buried in filencc) but onely their glorious and fplendid aftions. Amongft the ver- 
tues of an Hiftoriographer , hce reckons afieaion to his Countrey ; ftudyto 
pleafe the hearer; to writcofmore then his Argument leades him to; andtocon- 
cealc all adions that were not to the honour of his Countrey. Molt manifcft vi- 
ces. HewasaRhctorician,anditfeemcthhe wouldhauc nothing written, but 
that which was moft capable of Rhetoricall ornament. Yet Lucian^a. Rhetorician 
alfo, in a rreatife,entituled, Hew m Hiftory ought tobe written , faith thus. That a 
writer of Htftory, ought in his Vfritings, toie a forraigner, without Countrey ,Uuing 
vnder his o^k'ne La^ onely, fubteEl tg no Kingynor caring V^hat any man Vt>ill like, or dif- 
Itl^yhnt laying out the matter at it is. 

The third fault he this. That the method of his Hiftory is goaerned by 
the timcrathcr then the periods of feucrall aSlons. For he declares in order what 
came to pafle each Summerjand Winter, and is thereby forced fometimcs, to leaue 
the Narration of a fiege,or fedition,or a Warre,or other the middeft, and 
enter into a Relation of fomewhat elfc.done at the fame time,in another placc.and 
to come to the former againe when the time requires it. This faith hee, c afeth 
confufion in the mind ofhis hearer, fo that he cannot comprehend diftinSly the 
feuerall parts of the Hiftory. 

Dionyftus aymeth ftiU at the delight of the prefent hearer; though Thucydide's 
himfelfe profelFe that his fcope is not that, but to leauchis workc for a perpetuatl 
pofepon to pofietity. And then haue men leafure enough to comprehend him 
throughly. But indeed, whofoeuerfhall rcadc him once attentmcly, fhallmore 
diftindly conceiue ofcuery aftion this way,then the other^and the method is more 
naturalI;for as much as his purpofc being to write ofone P eloponnefian Warrc,this 
way he hath incorporated all the parts thereof into one body, fo that there is vni- 
ryinthe wholc,and the feuerall Narrations arcconceiued onely as parts of that; 
Whereas th« other way,hchad but fowed together many little Hiftories, and left 
the Telcponneftan Warre ( which he tooke for his fu bied ) in a manner rnwrlttenj 
for neither any part,nor the whole,could iuftly hauccarryed fuch a Title. 

Fourthly ,he accufeth him for the method of his fir ft Bookc , in that he deriueth 
^r«cf, from theinfancy thereof to his ownetime; and in that he fetteth downethe 
Narration ofthe quarrclsabout Corcyra, and Potidaa, before he entrcateth of the 
true caufc ofthe Warre, which was the greatnefTe of the Athenian dominion , fea- 
red and cnuyed by the Lacedamomans, 

\ For anfvvcr to this.l fay thus.For the mentioning ofthe antient State ofgreece,he 
doth it briefly, infifting no longer vpon it then is necelTary for the well rnderftan- 
dmg of the following Hiftory. For without feme gencrall notions of thefe firft 
tiines, many places of the Hiftory arc the lefleeafic to be vndcrftood, asdepen- 
dingvpou the knowledge ofthe originall of feucrall Cities.andCuftomes, which 
conld nor be at all inferred into the Hiftory it felfe, but muft be either fuppofedto 
beforekn'>wneby thereader,orelfebedeliuercdtohimin the beginning, asanc- 
ceflary Preface And for his putting firft the Narration of the Publique,and auowed 
!caureofthisWarre,and after that the true and inward motiue of the fame,the re- 
jprehenfionisabrurd. For it is plame that a caufeofWarre, divulged and auowed, 
Jhow fliglic focuer it becomes within the taske ofthe Hiftoriographer.nolcfTcthcn 
I the 

Ofthe Life and Hijlory o^Thucydiclesi 


the Warre it felfe, for without a Warrc followcs. This pretext is aM 
wajesaniniuryriicejued.or j-rctcndcdtobetecciued. Whereas the inward mo-' 
tiuetohoftility isbut conieftiiralljandnotofthnteuidcnce.thataHiftorio^raphcr 
fliould be alwa) cs bound to take notice of it ; as cnuy to the greatncfle of another 
Statc.or fcarc of an Jtiiury tocome Now let any man iudgc, whither ^good wri- 
ter ot Hiftory , ought to handle, as the pnncipall caufc of Warre .pioclaimed iniii- 
ry,or conccaUd cnuy. 1 n a word.tlie Image of the Method vfcd by Ihucydidits in 
tiliipojnt is this. I 1}C .QiurrcJl about Corcyra, jm^cdoi; tktj mawicrinud che Q^r. 
re'lt^baiit PotIJxa,on thii nMnncr\ ( relating both at large ) avdn: both.thtfiAtUeni- 
SiV.i^-erc acciifd to Ijaue dene the iniiiry. •T^c-iiothckjfcthe Lacedsmoritan* had not 
■VDoa this injury entred into HWtirre ag^,u>:(t ibim, hut that they enuyed thtgr-tattjcffe of 
thcii- powcTi^^fid I'cZTcd the co)if,cj:ia:u cf their ambition. 1 thirke a more cleare, 
and natural! order cannot pofsjbly be dcuifed. . ■ • 

Againe he faycs,that he niaketh a Funcr;ill Oration ( which was folemnely done 
on alToccafions through the Warrc) for 1 5 Horfemtn onely,that vveieflaine at the 
Brookes called 7{beiti ; and that for this rcafon onely , that he might ir.ake it in the 
pcrfon of /'<?>'' /<-j,who was chtn linjng>but before another the like occafion hap- 
pcned.vvasdead. .;r,-,. ■■ 

Therrjannerofche Athenians was, that they that were flaine the firft, in any j 
Wane, fhuiilJ hauea Jolcmne runcra!],in the fuburbs ot the Citie. During this 
Warr.jthey had many occafions to put this cuttomc m pradife. Seeing therefore 
It was Ht to haue that cuilomc,& the forme of it knownc, and that once for all,the 
manner being eatr the fame, it was fittciUo relate iron the firit occafion, what 
. nuinbcVlocuerthey were that were then buried ; which neuertlieleflt' is not likely 
to hduc been lb few as Diunyjiiu faith. For the Funerall was not celebrated till the 
Winter after they were flaine , fo that many more were flaine before this folemni- 
ty,and may all be accounted amongll the firft. And that I' em Us performed the 
office of malting their Funerall Oration, there is no reafon alledged by him,why it 
fliould be doubted. 

Another fault hce finds, is this; Tliat hcintroiuceth the t^f /ofcw?* Generals 
in a Dialogue,with the Inhabitants ofthe lie of c>7/^/aj,pretcnding openly- for the 
caufe of their inuafion of that He, the power and will of the State of Athens^ 
andrcicding v.terly.toentcrintoany difputation with them., coucerning thec- 
quity of their caufe ; which he faith, was contrary to the dignity ofthe State. 

To this may be anfwered; That the Proceeding of thefeGencrals was not vn- 
likctodiucrsocher Aaions,thattheppoplcof yitheiu openly tooke vpon them; 
and therefore it is very likely they were allowed fo to proceed. Howfoeucr, if the 
At hcKian 7^ eep/c giacin charge to thcfe their Captames, to take in the 1 land, by all 
mcsneswhatfoeuer.without power to report backe vnto them fird, theequityof 
theI!anderscaufe,asismoll likely to be true, 1 fee then no reafon the Generals had 
to enter into disputation with them , whether they fhouldperforraetheir charge, 
I or not.but otKly whether they fliould doe it by faire.or foulc mcanes ; which is the 
j point treated of in this Dialogue. Other Cauils he hath, touching the matter, 
and order of this Hillory.but not need full to be anfwered. 

Theiiforhisphrafc.hccarpethatitin infinite places, both for obfcure and li- 
centious. He that will fee the particularp'.accs.he reprehendethjct him readl?*^- 
"•y/,;,himfelfe, ithcwill; for the matter is too tedious for this place. It jstruc, 
tfatthcrehcfome Sentences inhim,fomcwhat Ione,notobfciirc to one that is ac- 
teniiuciand bcfidesthat,theyarebut few. Yet is tni themofl important fault he 
findeth. Forthcreft.theobfcurity that is, proctedeth from the protoundncflc of 
the Sentences, containing contemplationsofthofe humane pafsions , which cither 
diffcmblcd, or not commonly dilcourlcd of, doe yet carry the grcateft Iway with 
men, in their pub] que conuer/ation. If then one cannot penetrate into them 
v.ithout moch mcdit3tion,wcarenot tocxptdamanfliould vnderlbnd them at 
the firft MurcetiwM faith.he was obfcure on purpofc, that the Common 
people might not vnderftand him. And not vnlikcly;for a wife man fhould fo write 
(thogh in u ords vnc'crfiood by all men) that wi(c men only fliould be able to com- 
mend hirn. Bi; t this obfcurity is not to be u\ the Narrations of things done . nor in 
the dcfctiptionsofi)laccs,orofbattcUiinall w''', 7^wrjcW« is moll ptrfpicuous, 


Of the Life and Htjlory oiThuc^didi 


as T/;^^ -Of /? in the words before cited hrthteflificdofhim. But in tlie Charaiflcrs 
ofmens humoars and manners, and applying them toaftaircs of confL-quencc, it is 
impofsiblcnot to be obfcurc to ordinary caprtctics, in what words (beuer a man 
dcliucr his mind; If therefore J'/rfcjw^.^ inhisOrations.or in die Defcription of 
a Sedition.or other thing i>ftiat kind benoteafily vnderilooJ, ic isof thofeoncly 
that cannot penetrate into the nature of luch things,and proceed: th not from any 
intricacy of exprefsion. jD/oTy.^wi further findeth fault with 1-iis viiag to fct word 
againll vvord,which the Tihcrona.-.ns call Antttheta, it is TDfome kind of 
fpeech, a very great vice,fo is it notx'nproperin Charaftcrs ; and of comparatiue 
difcoarfes, it is almoft the onely Stile. 

And whereas he further ta\eth him for licentioufncfle in turning A/jWw/ into 
p^erkes^Znd Verbis into ?y[«iv»rf,and altering of C/^'w^^rj-jC/z/t-j^and Ntimbcrs.nshsc 
dothfomctimes for the more efficacy of his Stile,& without Solaccifme, I Icaue him 
to the anfwcrof .'/.«rcf;y;««;vvhordyes,T/;4r Dionydasfindeth f.mlt V^'uhthi-s , as 
being (■r;:orant ( yet he was a prof^fl-d ](i^eiO'ici;inJ thts VV^i the jnofi excellent ^ 
and per fi[i kind offpeuki"f. 

Some man may ptraduenture dcfire to know , What motiue THony/iMs might 
hauc, to extenuate the worth of him , whom hs himfelfc acknowk-dgeth to haiic 
beeneelleemed by all men, for the belt by farre of all Hiftprians that euer writ,and 
to hauc been taken by all the Antient Orators,iniThilofophf:rs, for the meafiire and 
rale of writing Hifloty. What motiu; he had to ic,r know not; but what glory he 
mightexpcd'byit , isoafilyknowne. For hauingfirft preferred /-/fr:;<^oo«, his 
Countrey man,a H.tUcanhypMijhefovs Thitcjidides, v/ho was accounted the beft,and 
thenconceiuingthathisowneHiUory might perhaps be thought not infcriourtb Herodotm, by this computation he faw the honourof the bcft Hiiloriogra- 
pher falling on himfelfe ; Whcrin (in the opinion of all men) he hath mifrcckoned. 
And thu; much for the obieclions of Dents oiHuUcc.niaJfe. 

It is written oi Dcntofthenes,t\\z famous Orator.that he wrote ouer theHiftory 
olThncydUes With his owne hand.eight times. So much was this Worke eflee- 
medjcuen for the eloquence. But yet was this his eloquence not at all fitforthe 
barrc,but proper for Hiftory,and rather to be readjthcn heard. For words that paflc 
away (as in publike Orations they mufl) without paufe,ought to be vnderdood 
witheafe,and are loft elfcithough words that remains in wntmg for the Reader to 
meditate on, ought rather to be pithy ,and full. C;c<fro therefore doth iultlyiet him 
a partjfrom the ranke of Pkaders,but vvithall,he continually giueth him his due for 
Hiftory.Z,;'', z.De Orutcre. Wh^t great Rhetorici^.n euer borrowed ,iny thing »/Thu- 
cydides?jetallntenpriitfehi?»jlce!ifefcit,Asawtfe, feftere, grane Relator of things 
done. Not font Pleader of Caufes at the BarreJjHt a Reporter of f-Varrei/t Hifiorj. So 
thM he WM ncuer reckoned an Or.Mor,nor if he hadneiier Written a Hijloryjiadhis name 
t herefore not been extan: JbsiH^ ^ of Honour and Nobility. Tet^none of them imitate 
thegrattitydf his Words and Sentences; but when they hatte vttered aklnde of bme and 
dil^oynted J}nfe,thej prefe.itly thinke thcmfelues brothers o/Thucydides, Againe, in 
hisBooke, DeoptimjOratore^ he faith thus. "Bm herewillJhndvpTlucydides; 
For his ehijitence u by f7MC admired; and iitjily. "But this is nothing to the Orator vpce 
feeke ; for it is one thing to vnfold a matter by Way ef Narration j another thing to ac- 
cufe a mm^or cleere him by Arguments. And in Narratioxs, one thing to fay the hea~ 
rer; another toftirre him. Lucian^m his Bookeentituled , How a Hiftory onght to 
be Written, doth concinaallyc.xemplifie the vertues Which hc requires in an Hi- 
ftoriographer,by Thucydides. And if a man confider well that whole Difcourfeof 
his, he fliall plainely percciue,that the Image of this prcfent Hiftory.pra;conceiucd 
in Liicians minde, fuggeftedvntohim all the Precepts hcthereddiuereth. Laftly, 
heare the moft true and proper commendation of him/rom lufins Lipfus , in his 
Notes to his Booke, De 'Doiirina CiutU^ia thsfe words. Thucydidcs,tt7/;o h.nh writ, 
ten, not mariy ,nor very great matters^ hath perhaps yet Won the garland from all that 
haite written of matters, both many and great. Eiiery where for EloqHutioti graite ; fiort 
and thicke With fenfe ; found in his iudgement scenery where fecretly injiriiUtngyinddire' 
Siing a mans life andaElions. Jn his Orations and Excurfions ,almofi 'Dinine. Whom the 
oftuer you read, the r/iore you Jhall carry away, yet neuer be difntijfed Without appetite. 
Next to him is Polybius,c^c. And thus much concerning the LtJ: and Htjhry of 
(b) The 

The names of the pIace^,pF ^r^MOCcmiin^m ^i)ucy(iide%^-^^^ 

m the Mappe of Greece^ briefly niotecl out of diucrs Aucliors/'for '' .c I'.'j 

the better manifdling of tjYeir 'iGitpation, arifj, ,;,. i. v .? 'bn'^of,.! 

cnlighmingof cksHiftoij^J''^'^^' 

Bdi, a City of.thc LocrUm 
of O^irsj confining on Hi- 
arnpotu, which is a City 
loil'botii. Vaujt^mtn'm pi)»- 
Ahieia, a Ci.ty fcituate 
ncxtbey ond the Riuer ?v'c/2«j, t owprd s the 
EaIl.SiMii'.Ef'«'»f''*'-7. N'/'^'a Kiuer of 
the territory aiAbian. Ucfocietta,lib. 7. 

Ahjdui, a City on the entrance oiHclif- 
lydiftant from both. In fight ofi/i*w,and 
is diftant from the mouth of the Riuer JE- 
feptuhy Sea 700 furlons;s. Strab.lib. tj. 

AcunthuiyHCiiy necre to the l^bmui of 
Mount /it/MS, and (as in the Epitome of 
Strabati feuenth Bookc) in the Bay of Sis- 
luu But it appcareth by Hcrodotuiin bh fe- 
uenthSookc, that it lyeth on the other fide, 
in the Bay oiStrymon ; where hefaith,that 
the jfihmKS of Mount Aiboi is of tvvehie 
furlongs length, and reacheth from Aun- 
thm to the Sea that lyeth before Tonns. 
And in another place of the fame Booke 
lie faith, that the Flcetcof.ViTXfJ faylcd 
through the Ditch (which XcMfJ had c.iu 
fed to bee made through the faid Jfthmtti) 
from AtMthuf, into the Bay, in \Tliich arc 
thefc Cities, S'w^n, S:c. 

^cttnuma, a region in Greece, diuided 
from Efir:is by the Bay oiAmbrada. P«l. lib. 
4. k reacheth from Ambracia to the Riuer 
Achtlous; and is diuided from the £jo!i- 
amby Acbel*nt. Sxtb. lib. 10, 
'] Acbtum, aCityofTro^jOppofitetothc 
ll'e rencdoi. Strab.iib. i ^ . 
■ Acbaia, aKe^ion o{ PelopomiefiS; confi- 
ning oitElii,Arcdiim,3nd 5ifj/»)M^boundcd 
onone fide with £/.'!, at the Promontory 
oiArnxus, and onthe other fide with the 
Territory of ^icyow. Sirab.lib.i. It hath in 
It II Cities in this order, beginning at 
that part which confineth on S/(T'on(ii. Pel- 
lm,.Jtgox ,ii.git ,Bma, Hebce, JEgium, Rhy- 
fes,Tiir.e, Phar<e, Olcmtt^'Dymc^'lrtuea. He- 
rodHHshb. I. SirikM.i). It is alfo a part 
ottbcJfa[y,\ n whicli ate the Ththiete. Herod. 

AcherrKc^flJowDC of ^«(ir«,diftant from 
^tfi€«J about 60. Furlonc<: ; T/wcyrf. lib. 2, 
andlyethtpwarcitheNorthofit, as may 
becolleftedoutcf Uie nafraiian of the 
iourney of .^fA/j^.iMW with bis Atmic, in 
the fame E»OQll:t♦^ 'w-h .:>■' .--r.-.; i',r)r', 

Ackbzi^i riuer that ri(eth in tlw Motta>- 
taiiic PmdM, and running through the 
Territories olA^rje j, and A»'l'bili>ch!a, and 
by theCity ofX;r,j/«j, deiiidcththc miri- 
timerpaics of Acarvunitfrotti Mtoliti, Strabq 
lib. 10. Achcloui lifeth in P;W(«, and run- 
neth through Do/apM, KAgrieif, Antfbdocbia, 
by the City oiSUatm, and by the City Oe- 
niM into the Sea. Ihuqd.lib. ».-in the lat'et 
end*. I.-;,' . 

M:cri>}t,— -^Aiheriifti is a Lake which 
Acbcrufii, ^ illucth into the Sea, necre 
vnto Ckemer'mm, a Promontory ofTbclpio- 
th, and into this Lake fallcth the Riuer 
AclKtoB.' 7hueMb. i . Achem: commeth out 
of the Lake Acberiifia, into the Hauen Gly- 
Cfs., /4c/j«Ma Gommeth out of 
^»foj7H,andfalIethint»the Lake /icbefk- 
fi.i, which Uky caUeth the Bav oithelpmU : 

Acrii, a Citieof Lacsn'nt^ betweene it 
and Gjthiumthe riuer Hwro/wgocthout in- 
to the Sea. SlrMolib. 8. From Heloi, which 
is at the mouth ofEurotas, it is jofurlongs 
diftant, and from the Prompntwry of Taj- 
XiYiis »3o furlongs. Vaiifan, in Lactmici'. ' ' 

AcrtUis, a Promontory ioyning to the 
Territory of Mcthoni , and is the begin- 
ning of the Bay of Mefenia, Slrabo, lib. 
AaaAohi — -T Acrotlm Ate the People 
Acroihospfom. > of a City iVi^e Tcrrito- 
Acrothom, — ^ ric of Wi7c,in which niSf 
isthcMountainerfjfcds. Tbucyi.'Ub.j^. A- 
cmbosisa Promontory of Mount ..4lboi, 
towards the Bay of St)fj»m,-^nA '.Acra- 
i/M«/;aCityinthe fame. tUhdotin fib, 7. 
In ftead of this Acfothm 3nd Aavlbooii, Plo- 
/oOT.'chath/if/6o/a,3Citie and Promontory. 
Acroton, a Towne on thetop of Mount A- 
tbos. Pliny, lib 4. 

AHe is that Territory wherein ftandcth 
thcMountaine-^JfcoS, difioynedfrom the 
Continentby aDitchma^e by the King 
o(PerJm, and hath in it thcfe Cities, Sme, 
Ditn, T%?»5, Cleo>uc, Acrothoi,Oloph)xus.Thn- 
cyd.lib,^. ' 

Aclium, a Temple of Apflh. vpon the 
; (horc, ItisfcituntewheretheBayofy**- 
ir«Misn'orroweft. Po!ybius:lib< ^. In the 
mouth of the Bay of ArMmicisi not farte 
; from Anader'tHm. ' SirabJibtio. 

Adramytt'mii-^ The Bay of AdntynytUum 
&fitius^>->{ taken in the greateft 
dramytuma,-^ extent^ W^gfnneth at the 

rx .V v.ii'.'l 1 1'-*'^^ 

Pfonronrftr^-irfrtffS*^ ai^d endet6''at!iiie 
Promontory oiCane, which is oypo/itc to 
Mtlca ofL^JAo;. " And the Hfay oC^JxatrytU- 
frt7;{properiyfo.i:dlled; bcgi'nn?-fli, af the 
Promontory of Gjj'pitvr.and cildc'tli at'thc 
Promontory of Pyrr1?a. And th<? C'lVic ot 
//rf>-fl;»7»;«TOi<; within the Promboiony' of 
Fynhx. St>abi>!ib,sj, ' , ; ^ 

• 'JEdepfi, a City of Eiibaa, otier 'agiind 
Optii, a City of the LoC,:.>m. Strab}tiV^. 
- itrf#„aCit7of;W«f^OTM,iri'tiic way 
called by Stnho, IgMtii, from Ay.hma ?pd 
Dyrmhium (or Ep!djin7i/is) to Thcffsloma 
(or nwwf,) and lyeth betweene Uikilo- 
i}icn and the Eirrdims.Stral^J.b 7. '' 

JE-gx, a Cnyo(ti<bxa, dppofitc to 'the 
■mouth of the Riuer Cepbifliit. Strah. Ubro^. 
It is alfo the name of a Citie of 'Adwa in 
PelopomicPis, betweene Helice and Bs^'he- 
f«dms,lib.i. ■Pittiianrm AchAu. It'isthe 
iWrtie alfoofanothetCiry in J^fit, lying 
Vp fromthe Sea bchiiide the Territory of 
■Cyme. Str'ab, lib. rj. ' ' 

■ ' Mgim, anilandoueragainft Epidaum, 
?hthe Sa/oiiim Bay, 'Strab,ltb,i. Paitfia. 

in\:or: ■ ■ ■- ' • 

&%»'e,a City o^ Achilla, betweene FcUc- 
neand/Egx. Herod. lib. i. Strab,lih.9.0p- 
pofiteroi'4r;M(rKi.,^. Alfo a Ci- 
ty of /.fifros, where the Hand is narroweft 
betvVcine the Bay i\c other 
Sea< Stnb.lib.Tj. 

JEgifuim, a Towncin ^^offj, amongft 
thdHils,8o furlongs difl3ntfroiii''thc Sea, 
rh:ieyd'.hb.i. '; ' " 

JE.guim.,a City oiAcbau, betweene Hc- 
foc and Khype!. Hcfeid:, lib. i.Strob. lib. g\ 
diffanrfrom Pitrx iHd Furlongs, PmViiu 
inAcbaicis. - 

"Mlospotamot, aRioer in the Thriicl^ 
Cbcrfenne'us, didant from Sepi 1 5 furlongs. 
' 'K.mthii, a R'egi'on 6( Maccdemj,p\aced 
hiPtafomkhctviQtlit 'iheddj and the l(l-' 
uer Axiiiu 

Ami, aMountaJnc oi Thrace, ^^hich 
diuideth it almoft in the middcft,, and 
rirach'cth from ^hc Pcfnh'as'm Moiaitaines, 
to PuntusEuxittur. ' $hib. lib. 7. ' " ,. 

JEnia, a City in tfie Biy o(Tbcrmf, lift 
in o.rder from Potldin towards T/'owe. He- 
roddmlib. 7. It is diftantfrom Thcfiilpxka, 
(which is the fame with Tbejmc) 1 10 Fur- 
k>n«'si and oppofIte'toT}£&<. l.i'ny lib.A^ 
in the beginning. ''''.'. 

Jongs, and as much from j^aia,a Proq^on- 
lory fi LeibJS, 10 wbic^ if is oppqllte, 
SiiabMb^ii. ■..^'.., ... 

CJiufirM^ A Fromo^Qiyjof Pii^tii*. Ijt, 
red- !:b. 7. jfrai. Epii. Lb'.-'f, liuy. Lb, 44. 

Cifiircui^ti Haucn oi^Euhai, qii'ihi 
out fide, noc farre from G{i*jUif. HerfxL/h 
ab. r, 

Cipb}4, a Cit)' otArudu, not farrc from 
Q'clomtfMi..Pil}b.u'i/. 4. .the Kiiicr LiWd.j 
; uiincih bctwccnc it and^y»j;rji«. T'avj. m 
.ifiaslicn. ' J ; 

Csriimjk, a City of Li:on'u, bctwicnc 
Phjftt aad Lciifira, by thpSea fide, in the 
Mijf£>BJt Bay. Sfr,:/'. Lb. 8. dift«nt,t"rom 
the ProfDontoxy oli''<wi;ri4oo,Furlc>ngs. 
Vauf. 'mLnidtliS,. J t is ajfo a City jn the 
Hand Cip;.»j. T/Wy /)*. S... 

Cuidfi, a City in-thc Ifthmus of the 
TlyJciMChcrpKiu^is, vpon the bea-fide in 
the black Bay [or Bay of A«tw ] Hnoa,.Ub. 
6, '\ ,. 

C^rpithus^ an. Hand irt that Sea, which 
called frop it M:trt Catpaihiufn, both to the 
Northjjhc Sea called U.nufnl'.o the South, 
thei£^)f.;ijwSc3, to the \\<{1, the Critii^ 
and.d/!,M« Sfas. S:rM.!n ihe end of the 
tenth r.ookc, :...;. 

Cun^, aTownein /^rfJtffj, betweenc 
Oichen:iiUif3niTl>eneKi»,ia the confines 
of both, iliflant from VherMnn threcfcorc 
l-urloncs. Tju,C in ArcadicU, 

Car}jt:iSya^ityo(Eub<S4, at th? foot of 
the hiountiinc Ocbi.Slr'ah.lth, ip^fli^ntho 
a City of /</tfM, is equally diftant from it 

Cap)!, an Hand in the Csrp^ihkn Sea, 
from Cjiptthus 80 fui longs, and from Sum- 
mmitt3 Protnontor)' oiCieU, ijo.inquan- 
tic)' Sofu[lonqsabout.5//«4.//, ^ 

Cj^;7.;j, a Hauen in the ^)f r/isoffwj of 
£7-t;-ur.jjat the foot of the Mou.ntainc Co- 

Caurr'ii, a maritime City of tvffCjfubiea 
the R!^«4i^t, by tko Riasr Calbu. St tab. 

C.t)r/?utfi,aR)uer of /*y'M,, falling into the 
Sea at £/iiy^, fo as the mputh of it it tl^e 
Hauea ijf ;J>f £^>;7j<js, S'.rtb.ifb. i4.When 
the /«»ij»s made a lourney agjinft Sardei, 
tkey left their Fleet ac CV'S^'^ and then 
wcnx.vp by, the Rujer Cdjjlrw, and then o- 
ucrthc Mountaine T»Mi»J, andfuto Siir- 

^OTc/iu, 1 Regiori of ^H.'«, betweenc 
die Hils farruthjis and Britiffui. Thuyd. Lb. ' 

».. ' ■ ■ -t,;',- , 

Curj^ya'c), a place mentioned ii> the 
^i!X^<iQ't.c niTUuqdHeuPlitty^ith the I- 
land 'Curjp', oppoHtc to Ff:d3uru.i, and 
diftaiW t^<>m/( « miles. 1 he Sct'tlmfl. atid 
Sieph. pjitu i(\ the.Wcft parts oh'tlepome- 
/*.,.fal%. ,- .r. 

Ctneum, aPioraontory of£«4iiffcopp»- 
UK toUjcBrpmontfiryofCKfn^/iiiiof the 
l.ocruins, ;|nd to 7 inrmpf,!/!, Sitab. Lb. 9. 

C'Tuhrett, .:» Hsuen »t the CorM^iam, on 
th: fuLc o{;th4 Ittlimu4 th« |>«h. towards 
^'i^cu. T«iioijib.^-Cni¥}* tiOipnc fide, 
and L'CA/pfim 9b the otiwr^i cofiuuv: ihc 
/lthm:,s. Paifin Cfumhiaci^., . - ,, ...iV, 

Ccorjanlland^oneof/ieC/cWw, tl^c 
n:crca to the lUnd Hcitiu, ittulfjib. to. •, 

^, Ceih.>liema,3Ln J^ljipdpucr againft^omu- 
lij, diilant from LtHCfidfi wr,.".-- furJ9XVgSp 
S:Tjb.Lb.'u andliatlj|iiYit4 

*•'■ .•.■J-.\ : ' ; 1- •. 

Cepbijfitf, a Riijc^j^vhic^ rifing ajjQU? i^- 
/.M, a City ofP/;<i.j.(,'"and going by Lhica, 
DiuliA on<i;t^.;«i;j, CKicsot.J'/;efA!, and 
Cbffonei and Curia^dj Cities ef Bjaiw,, tal- 
Icih into,at ^oio«a, an-l £llcth tbcLakc 
called Ccpd':!. Afterwards, an Earthqu.i^e 
opening the w3y,atwcnton to t!f(;,icj, 
andcncreditat /.7r)7x;;(t, aTowiie ofBit> 
tit, oppofite to 4i.gif ofr.nbaj. S:r.'l^, Ub.^. 
Alfo a Riucrof /<;WM, rifing in the ,Xci ri- 
tory of /■ /f «,/?!, aiwl falling into thcSc^ Ijy 
?ir*ui. I' Afticii. 

Cerauiiif, Mo\tni3ii\cso{ Epirut, otJ the 
Sca-fTdc, in the entrance of thc,Ju;;i<2a 

, ^o4/.a.'«,aTownc bctweenef;ii(iiMand 
Hftllcfirneffui, from >vheBCc aJfo the Bay 
there is called CnOyCaamm Bayj. SUabi^Lff. 
iV_ , . . .'. • .■,■■' 

aTrf).'/tff-, aHillof the /^r^iZ/aw, beyond 

SDymcn, r\t:cvc HmpliipiUs. 'IhaiydJib.z. .' 

, Cmiiit, a Mouijtiinc betweenc. Xfe'icw 

ond MticidoKia, thcfamc dcuideth ^he ZVr 

wUm from the Si»/M«J. Tl^cyd. LL^^ 

Cipine, a Region of V.phM , dcuided 
ixoxnlhjproUt by thcRiuet Ib)v!»«.Jfc/<(;'.i'. 
hh\ I. .The Chaonians. and. Tlvfprolkm.)n3uc 
all the Sea coafi from the mountaines cal 
led Cjtriu.r.y,zo ihc Airbwatt Bay, (there- 
fore Ccflri/ic fecmeth part of the C'haoniivii) 
Slrab. lib, 7. called Cs^nac from CcfiririM the 
fonije of HclatM. PMf. in Ccrmtkaci;. 

chtcrmta, aCity ofBao/*.?, confining on 
Vhocli, twenty furlongs diftant from Tano- 
pcus or Vbanotii, and fcituate vpon tlic Ri- 
^fii; (fepbijfm. Paufm.itt?.bocicn. Strtb,lib. 

Chuke, an Hand, one of the Sftradtu <3i- 
fltuitfrom 7Woi So Furlongs, and from 
farpatbiis /^oo Furlongs. Stmb. Lb. i o, , 
_ Chalccd.m,i Cil;y of B(^M,ouer againft 
Byxamium. Sirab.lib, 11. iiithe mouiliof 
jpenlus Euxinus, ibid. Tbmyd.lib..^. 

Chaki/, a City of Eiibxi, at the Eur'tpHs. 
HeroJ«t.Lb,7, StTab.kb.\o- Alfo a Citic 
of/^;«t<i, vpon the Riuet Eutmis, on the 
Eaflfidcof it, J/fj^, lib, 10. beneath fa.^- 
don.ldemltb.i). , ,.': 

Chii!cidea,a Rcgioi* ioyning to X^'^f, 
coptainingmoflpftl\e Towncs voon or 
riecre the Sea, from the mouth of the Ri- 
uerSrryJWOT, loTttifiica in Palme, This 
may bee gathered out of Timcjdidct, It 
\va»fo named, for thai:r))|Ky \tcxe ,C^i>\<3- 
n'CiqUbakuinEubati, _^ibcr immediate 
o( diuiued. ... 

chdlUi, the people ofa City of thciofw 

^^be.Jhiicj)}, : . ,' . . 

. Chaauu, miiritimc Region, of ^_fifw, 

beginningat the NJountames ; called ;("£- 

tfur^, and togctBawjtUTA'f/J'/fl'Ciic.itij- 

jngas farre as the Ambrtcia/i lis^^Strab, 

lib.y. It is diuidcd fi om Thtl}rtttii,hyf,ihc 

fjucrThydnii. "Ihucyd^ljb.l. • , j,<- 

Chtidfltui, 3 fmajl R-»ucr of Micedima, 

which rifing in Grr/Jonw, runneth mtc^^Jje. 

VUui:iA:fiuf. HCUi^-f'I'.J:. ; ,_..'..t 

ChctmeriMm, a Promoiuory oiEpimix ff^ 

twccnct(icll.ind$ called Sjbjit, and the 
the mouth pfjthcRiwcr Albffoii, Slfitb.Lb. 
j:-yi<icM(r,6ii.''' . . .'..,,,,•,- 

CbeloMU,'a iVomontor)- ofK//.<,bctween 
,thc rtomt>i)tories of Aruxn) an.d lilhys 

Chcrfonnifii.i'^ fJgr>j£ctbT-afl.jjr,.poition of 
Lan4lban.i», almofl cnuito^n^d^wuh the 
Scai but [QftliL-moflparf, when there is 
no word ad JcQ to dctcrmmc the fignilica- 
tion, it^i'bcK' tiuc Tcrritqry of Thrsct, 
wlii(h is in^alvrfed v,ith thcf: three Seas, 
ProDo/iu^Hclidpont, and the Ijlacke Bay, 
Md.iuSttab.apt. [ib.y. IptbeitomBs of 
this ^/c)/e;?»(/(^jftandcth the City Ctrdya. 
at the fid? toward the Blade Hay, and 
?J% on tbe part toward Preponiu, Huod. 
lib. 6. , j_. 

C''iw, nuqw called Sc'io, an|i!}i;id and Ci- 
ty of the toMw. Herod, lib. i.diflantfrom' 
Lfsfws abouV40o. Furjongp, apd 900. fur- 
longs m circuit. S/rci; i/i.j^.' ,,, 

ClM'fi, apart o{ MygdomaSo caOsd.- 
Sttpb. , ,„ ., . ■ 

. Clmfopfilk, a Village of the cW(/otw;,, 
in the moutb oiPonttii, Slmb, lib, 1 1. 

CwhiUi, an U3nd,one of the Cyclidcs.vide 
Cycbdis., ItlyethWcft oisicmi, Phohgan- 
dm, and Ui^iifi. ^trab. Lb. > o« • -. . 

Cjrrh.i, a City oiTbocis, in the Corinthian 
P.ay,o'ucragainft5i9o;j.5;r/ife, l:b. 9, di- 
(lant fromPf^/ii ihreefcore furlopgs.from 
D<//)/;;toO>r/urunnes the RiviccPUJiiti, It* 
ij the Hauen or Towne of Ihippjng for 
D.lphi, It confineth vpon Lm/u. Paufan, in 
Tbccicis, He makctliic the fame with Crif. 
fi. videCriJJa. . 

Citmtiia lyJountaine of Macedom, ioy- 
ning to Olympus, out of wiiich rifcth the 
Riucr£«ro;«j. Strab.Epit.hb.j. 

Cilhtrov, a Mountaine of At!!i:a. When 
therf>yXi«Campevnder Mardoniut lay a- 
bout Alopui in the Territory oiTUua, the 
Army of the Grcciam that were encamped 
at the foot 6f Citharon, weic oppofite to 
them, Herod, Lb, 9. llattea is))etwecnc 
Cnlmrm and the City of TKifj.Sirai. lib.^. 

C;/,;.'Wj a puy of Cjfp>-w.,* ,'. ■ . 

a^r OS, af^lhdd.on^ D[;ei,esperades. Ex 
Orurffilufwyo. . Al&a.City bejongingto 
ihcColephomMS. W<fc«/,.fcctwcenc 
the mouth of. the Riucr C^ut and the 
City of Colophoa. Slrib.lib. 14. 

CU^on;en^,anloniqueC\%y\n.ij^,a, He- 
rodot.l,b.f,Scnu2te in the ChtfftHnefM of 
f^rirrf, confining on the Etytifr'Cfiif, thefc 
being withiojthe Ch'T^itmafu without the 
Cberfonr4ifu Picty/cenc CLr^ciue and Teas, 
acroffcthe Ifljlmus it is bucfi^y furlongs, 
■but round about by Sea, a thoofand Fur- 
longs. Prefently without tbo Jflljmus, 
where « is nafroyvcll, ftj„d, Cla^mtM. 
Strab. lib.M, . Bi^forc it lye 8 littl-s JJands. 
Jdcm.Lb.i^. , . , 

Ckitor, a (:ity ;q[/trcadia, bctweef>eP/»- 
phii and C^byf.Tulyb.lib. 4.. Jt confineth 
on the Tcrutory of PteouBi, ^ajwjrds the 
E»n.7-«/r''7..4j>;^^;£«,..,, "■,_,„ . ,- I 

,^Clemx,\Cny^oi Argii, betweenc At«pi 
and Corinli', ii^^pm^ on the PUlifiam. 
Vaii,l.toCorintj)i^c^ii. Alio a City ia the ter-« 
litory wfiexe Mount ^6«ftafld'c(^,H^ffti 
Lb^l.:PhfiqdJ^l^., :,,,,..: ■5,,,:,: j 
^ Citcmide:. ■. 

Caemida, a Promontory of lJKn^,difiant p'.t. strab. lib. 9. Vanfan. in BaoVds. 
from (>W(J,thc Haucn af die Opumuim, to- 1 0€'>,vnde ferns Cnjjem, a Sea Towne of 
mrdsTkmopfU, 5° Furlongs S 1Mb. lib. Pl'ocs,bet\vccnCirrba&./l,itkrra, 
9. "hchayofCwB/biscallcaalrothc^//]/.'^; 

CKidtis, a City of the Doriam in ./*(«, by , Bay, •Jtrab.lib. 9. This Bay u tailed now 
the Sen calkiTrnpiiim. Heruil Alb. u On th:: B ,i} of Upanio. 

^trab. lib. I z. diflant from Ztleh, wbi. h is 
City nccrc- the Sc.i, on the Rmcr Mfcpu 
i90 1urlongs. Ul.lih.ij, 

the North it hath the Caauman Bay;on the 
South, the Rhodian Sea. Strab.Ub.i^. 
Colon":, an vi>land City of HcUrfpont, 
the Territory oi Lampfa:us.Strab. lib. t^. \loui,SitabJtb.\o. 

Cnthou, a Promontory o^'ti, ly- 
ing out into the Sea, becwccnc tlic City 
'ilyx'tt, andthcmouihot the Kiucr Ache- i longs, bciwecnc it snd'Hlioelium.SHab.lib 

Y)^fd.ima & DuTflaimm. Pjrdmm h a Ci- 
ty on the Sea iide from Ab)dui, 70 fiir- 

3 . It confincch oa Abydm. Herodnt. l,b. 

Alfo a maritime City oiTroat, 140 fur- j Cm/mw, aTownc in ;t(«/'Vr,ofthcUc- IDirdinum, isa rromontory betwccnc'/i- 

gion inhabited bv the ^jmdot': Thuc. lik^ , bydui and Dqrdxi.u. Strab. //! 

Cmmmyon, aTownc in the Ifthmus of | 
Cmtlh, Thucyd. lib. 4. P.t:if. in O'r'iith'mciu 


D.iclyla, a Region of Bff/iywiijlying vpcn 
Propontii. i'tolomy ^nAS'.rabo mention tlv 

betweenc Scfoof »K! and the Rockcs called \TovinzDi!q'cloi otDifylr.tni,yN\\ic\\Sti.ibo 

longs from //.'»«(,betweenc Hamaxiuii and 
Unfa. /d. lib. i^. 

Cffto;</«, a maritime Citic of Meffenia, 
betwecne Afine anithe mouth of the Ri- 
uct PamiHit , diftant from Afinc 40 Fur- 
long?. Mditmncis. 

Ce'iipbon, an lonique City in Lydii, H^oi, 
lb. I . betwecne f.]<befm and l.cbedus : from 
Leied.ii 1 »o furlongs : from Ephcfm 70 fur- 
longs. 5.riii.//6.r 4. 

Co'cf'eiieriimporWUAtlMcn not farrc 
fromrwOT*, Thuad.lib.^. 

Cnpt&CopaUUcus. Co^i^is aCity of Ba- 
(i/w,(cituate on the North part of the Lake 
Copiii. Strab. lib. 9 PjhC. in BaoticU. 

IVJ^fjTvTO little iLindson the Weft j where their {hipping lay, Ko furlongs di- j /i.'fccm no Furlongs, and not much more' 
^^n':from//M.vKt. 5/r.>fc./,i.8. and from I fiomBaj/za. Tfe 
Efa 1 10 furlong-! Pvifmi.Etilcorim, Al- 

Soronides, and confincth on Mauris. Strab 
lib. 8. 

Cycttdes, Hands in the X-^.tan cA- 1- 
Icdjforthat they lye round about the 
landTJc/M. Their ntimbcr ind order, : 
cordiHg to Strtbo, is this, Helena, C 

faith ftandcihvpon the Lake I>afcy!itis, by 

the Riu:r Khindtc-ri^ Slrab.lib. 12. It v\-as'a 

lubr.-ft to the Pcrfaii in the 

, time of.Vif/Vfi.and goucrncdby Jrff^atofj, 

j his Lieutenant, timcyd.lib.i. 

I D.zi/;a, aCitic of P/jucii, on the Eafl of 

Cyrhitiis, Saip'MS, Mchs, Siihnus, CimoHs, Pre- 1 De!phi, vpon the Riucr C^pbijlm, and at the 
pefmthus, Oleariis, Naxus, Parus, Syrm, Myci- \ foot oiPemifxi. Strab. lib. 9. Taiifani.v h 
nm,Tenns,A/id'us,'is. Sirab. lib, TO, iThocicis. 

Cyll(:He,3Sea-to\vnecif Elis in Peloponne- j Dfcffc.i, aTownc in Atitca, in the v/aj 
f!is, belongine to the City of Efe, and i bet^eeneO;'o/)«i3nd Athens, dilVr.c from 

of the Hand P<ftMvj. Slrab.lib. 

Corcyra, novi call'-d Corfit, an Hand ouer 
agatnft Epitus. vvhofe Eaft parts are oppo- 
fice to the Hands called $}bota, and Weft the Hauen called Otichimiis. Strab. 

CarcfiiS, a Towns of the Territory of E- 
phefiii, by the Sea fidc,neerc to the mouth 
of the Kmci C-^^'u^.HerodotHsM. ^. 

Cor'utthus, a famous City, ncere the Ijlh- 
fWis of Pckpoimcfiis. ■ 

C»rme!^ aiGity of Bi».'M,vpon the Riuec 
Ccphifiis, where it; entrcth into the Lake 
Ctpais, and not far from the Hill Helicon. 

Cmomie, a City of AcaYTumia, Thiiqdid. 

CmtyUi, a Townc necre the Sea in La- 
carim. Tbueyd.tib. 4. 

Caqcii^yi Mountaincin the Cherfo<inef!<s 
oiE/ytSnx, between Tcos andE)7t^jr.e.S;r>i6. 
lib. II. 

Ccrtypbafiuvt, a Promontory of Mtffhtia, 
diftant from Mcibimeioo forlongs ; in this 
Promontory ftood the Fort oU^ylui. Panf» 

fo a Mou 

l:b. 7, 
T>el;:im, a Fcmple of Apol'jj bv the Sea- 

ntaini-, the higheft in Tdopomt- { fide, in the Ten itory oiU.ingra. Thmyd.l'ib. 
/?.!, on the confines of .^ '«(//<! and <4ci!;aM, '4. Paiif. inSvit'ris, oi^pofite^to Cualdf of 

ahdin itaCity with a 
e laft of the maritime Cities of , Temple confccra'tcd to Apstlo, Thwyd. lib. 

neerc Phencum. Paiif. in Arcidkis. 

Cyme, a City oi X.olis,on the Sea-Coaft, 

Eubm. Hc)ol><hg. 
Delm, an Hand, 

as may be enhercd 

JEdis towards iOTj 
outof5fi-.i6./iA. ij. 

Cymrema, a Promontory of the Thraa 
an Cherfnunefm, not farre from ^b/das.Tl 
cyd lib. 8. ouer 

Riuer7(.Wwj, which talleth into the Si 
betweene /^iyJ/M and Dardarikm. Strab. lib. 

Qifl/^.aTowneofLafrw, vpon the Sea 

It IS diftant from Andres 1 5 
as many from Mycoms, Plin. lib. 4, 

Delphi, iChvofPhnw, famous for the 
Temple and Oracfe of Wpo//(). It ftandcth 
gainft the mouth of the ' atthfrfootofthe HillPrrM"*;. Herod, lih. 
8. on the South part of the hill. Strabo iib. 
9 threelcore furlongs from the Sea. Paif. 
in Phncicu. 

Delphmiiimj'z Towne in the He Chi!/s,not 

towards E;(6uiij, belonging to the City of farre from the City Cfc;«j, andby theSca 

Op'«, diftant from the Promontory Cnemi- 
des ^o theentranee of the Bay 
o^Opui. Strab. lib. ^ L'uy Uh.iS 


Vercxi, a people ofThacc." 

Dicaa, iCixy oiThrace, bctweene Abdc- 

1 Hand V 

Cynuria, a territory on the boid-r be- wand Marone.i, Herod. lib. t. 
tweenc Arya and Uconia, toward the Sea- V.Slidij, a people in Mount Athcs, Thuc. 

fide, containing the Cities T/iiM and An- lib.S. 
them. Timcyd. lib. ^.Pauf in Corinthiacu. Dion, a Citv, and in it a Temple of lupi- 

eyphanta, a maritime Towoe of Laconia, ter, ftanding at the Sea fide, atthc foot of 

■ftant from Zftrci: on one fide i*, fur- Oljmpus,Thucid.lib./^.Strab.Epit.lib.7,M\o 

th aCity in itofthefarae longs, from Tra/?-* on the other loo.Paiif, a City in Mount At*^os. Thuc.lib.^. 

came. It belonged to the Doricm of Afia. 
Hero^.ot.tib. l. called Cos Mcropidis, Thucyd. 

l-^comcis. Vobcriis, a C ity of Ttonii, at the foot cf 


fi6.8,b*;caufe inhabited of old by the Mero- o( ^Arcadia, neere to Sciritls ofLaconia.Thw. Dokhe,iCiu<: of the Pfrr-ViMPj.not far 

pianf. It lyeth m the Carpathian Sea, Strab. ^ lib. %. from the Mountaines called Cambunij.Uv; , 

Cyrrhm, a City of Macedonia, not farre Lb. 44. 

from PtlU. Thucyd. lib. i. Cyrrheflx, that is, Do'opi.], a Region on the South We of 

the hill P/»J.M, on the North of tfee /^w- 

boutsbyP/;«T,//K4. philochlt.s, and conh'mng on Pbihioti. o( 

C>«w(«w, a City of nom on the fide of Thef^!r.Strab.l!b,9,it,. 
Pernaffiti.Thuc.lib.-,. Strab lib.^. D«r/^ a Region confining on the Mili- 

Cytheya, an Hand oppofitc to Malca, a (i«i, and with a natrow corner running ml 

Promontory of /^cwia and diftant from betwecne them ajid Phocu. Herod, lib. 8. I 

itforty furlong5.S/rfl&.//6. 8. oppnfire di- Itlvcthoti the Eaft part of ParraflM, and ( 

I reftly to the City Beea. Lacmici.. In deuideth the Lacrians called O^aVjfrora the j 

it arc two Cities, Cylhera and Seandcs. Loci'MmcalledOi) muni, rt was called TWd- 

Hb. lo.Oppofite toTctmerium, a Promon- 
tory of the Mindiarts.Id. lib. 14. 

frajw»naCity in the Champargne of ' the people of Cvrrtej arc placed therc-a- 

TfoiT^iV, Slrai./ife.g. Thefameniaybega- ' ' " 

thered lutof L'»;, Cih. 41, 

C'^ :u, a peopicofCcp'''jt.'te!(*,Tfc«n'.7.P6. 
About the fttaight of that Hand. Strab, 


Craterd, a Hauen neere the City of Pifro- 
c«4in JEolis Thucyd. lib. 8. 

Ci(nx,lde'i,K.\\c"'cllcs, aplace in Acar- 

naitia, not farte from Argo^, ThHcydid. lib. Tbneyd. lib. 4. Paur.m Uronicii. 

>♦ j ^vifemj, an llandj one of the QrWr/. 

CreuCa, a Sca-Townc of BnriiJ, vpon the vide Cyclades. 
Bay offri/Ja, belonging to the City Thef \ C)r^;c«5,anIIand and City in Propmii, 

foils, becaufc it contained thcfc 4 Cities, ( 
Ermeiis,Bou>n,C)lin!'tm, and Pindiis. Strab, j 
//fr. 9. Th-jDjji^m are al o a Nation in 1 
Afia, by the Sea fide, ioyningto Csii^, of 
which ! 

v.liichwcienunibrcd, the inlnbitantsof 
ihc Winds K.'vifjan.i Cm, ami ihc Cities 
Cnd'unna iidurniijj:if. StmbM^ i4' 

D0'f:ui, a large Champaignc by 
the fioc cf the v.\itv<Hcbim in l'hme,^\\c\ c 
-Vtr.vfi p3Ciiigonie\»aidsGr«tf, mufttcd 
hisrrJehty Armic. Htrodo:,lib, 7- 

Drakpu,aCiiyoi Edotia, beyond the 
KmcTSt^Vie!t,'!iitn,J.ltb. i. 

Drttanun 3 I'roiTijntory of the Hand 
Cos, didanc from the City Ccs, 100 fur- 
longs, S:r.ib,l.b. i<). 

Vumyfj, an liana hingbcforc CU%oti<e- 
iti.Tbticyd,lii-. i. Linj, lb. 3li. vdc CU\»- 

Drei, a peripk ofTviacc, « 

Vfmc. a Cjtn,' ciAchjsa, the ncetcft to 
theconfincs ol JLU. Stub. Lb. 8, raiijxi. w 

jg^CfciWijjIIandSjIving in and out before 
the nioiithofihcRiuer A/if/ipijJ. Ibuc, 

t-don'M, a Region ciThrace, lying to the 
Riuct S/r);rf ir, and the Sea; It had in it 
/1mpiqo'a,Drabiri::.!,md other Cities.? ftac. 
/;i> which the fdcuation thereof may 
befuffi.icntly vncicrftood. 

Sidtmcne, a City oi Macedonia, not fane 
roni DoLcriii. ThitcMh. i, Pbu. /:♦. 4. 

£'io<7, a City oiThxxc, on the riucr Stry- 

m»n,H'r.-)dMb,T.\n the mouth oiStrymon, 

5 furlongs from yiw^/ji^ji/ij. Thucyd.lib.n. 

nl*.j, a bca-towncin yE-)/.;, belonging 

to thcCity of IVrgaWAfjdiflant from the 

mouth cf the Kiucr lov/ards Jc«m, 

furlongs ; and from C'^eioo finlongs, 

Sriifi. //o. ij. 

tUtxj, a City cf PW/j, by the Riucr Ce- 
^hifl'u.', confining on the iotrr^j. htrih. lb, 
9. l>t.k'ini.7i inThoiuU, Itflandcthin the 
rtraighti of the Vhucea Moiinuines. Stnb. 
lib. 9. 

rJi.u:hcr^, aTovnc ofAiiica, betweene 
E!e:jii andPii/^djon the border of ,^;/;m. 
Pa.if. in /4:t-c. Id.i/iEoeolif. 

LUui, a City ot Ciojonnefui to the North 
of Lf/T/Mi, Hind.hh 6, 

L'titfis, a Sca-towne ciAlUea, Strah, lib, 
on the confines of jjff^aw, Viufiwu-a in 

r.lii. tiiani Meffenia Mciyio Regions, 
th.u take v[) the Weft part oiVilofionntfm. 
Liu is bounded on the North by the I'ro- 
tnoniory ^Mxaijanddiuidcd from Mt^e- 
main the parts towards the Se3,by i\\zV.[- 
uciytdt.Slrab.lik. 8. £//< the principail j 
City ihereot isdiftantfrom ths Sea 110 I 
Furlongs, and from O.)'^.p;4aln)oft three , 
hundred. Taufan. inpufnundi Elwmnm. \ 

LlloKinui, a Towne in 'Stiuum of the 
Territory oil (ucnHia, thitc. lib. 5 . i 

t}ym»Hi, ^a Nation of /H(irt^/i)ffU,which ; 
£tim««,-5f^'l,«ypla£Cihon the Sea- ■ 
Tide vpon the lowffl'iGulte. L.-u^ hath the 
C.!tv£i7«<Mat thtfoPtoKhc Moiintiines 
C<i'f6j.*./',andby the Riuer Altatmon, Liu. 

£»3w(M), alowneofE>7'fcr/i». Tim- lb. 
t.on the part toward I/iici, av nnay b^c 
.robjbly cooitAurcdbythclLftory. 

EvifCiti, i Uiuer of Thcgal), which fal- 1 
kth into the Riucr PoiwJ. HceM', lib. 7. | 
Kilt firft it recoiueth into 1: fclfe the water j 
of .•'pi(/.i»w,that palfeth by VbiufalM.Strab. 
U.S. lttlf:thintbc .Moancainc Othrys. 
hi. ibid. 

Lorda, a Region of«/t"i'a,bct\vccnc 
the Ljmcpam and rhcjf.t'onica (oiTlxf'ti) 
in the way called ir',«.iiM,ihat Icadeth from 
{■pidiwimii to rhclJjio'Mi;, Slttib.Ub.7. 

Kfbcftif, an Liniquc City in lydia. Herod. 
Lb. 1 . at the niourh of the Riucr Cdijlru«,on 
the fide towards ,W)r.i/<. itub. Lb. j j . 

nfl')rc, a City oiTlcjpeM, vpon the Ri- 
ucr 'Ibymu. Strsb. fib. 7. 7buc. lib. 1 . Alfo a 
City ofAffxii.S'.ub.hb. 7. ej-Ai. lo. 

f.fMmm'.>,ii City afterwards called 75»/- 
rsclnii/!', now Ottrfl-;^;^/!, fcituatc on the lum- 
ii'Gulfc, aaiongft ihcTauianiy, Jllpinfis. 
Tkurd. lib. I. next without tlic Bay called 

T,fidaKtus,\ Ciiyof Argia by the Sca- the innioft part of the Saronian Bay. 

Bpiduirui l.'r>,tra, a niatitimc City of 
ZccMii, inthel?ay of Argoi, 300 furlongs 
from the Promontory aiMalci. Vaufan. in 
I ncoiticii, 

Em, aCityin;-»^ffir.fii, bctivcene Teoi 
and Crt/!;/2*j. StiabAib.ii. 

Enffiis, a City in the lie Z-fsim.betwcen 
r)wiiJ,and the Promontory Sigmm.Slrabo, 

Erelrid, a CiryofE/(iiM, between Chal 
cianAGcreftiis, Striih, lib. 10, oppofite to 
0/fl/i.v> in Attica. Sirab. lib. 9, 

Kr/^ow, a Riuer of .1/iJC<;(:'9»;tf, arrifingin 
llJ)ru, and f.-Jling into the Kiucr Axtui.}9, Strab.lib.y. 

Erinais, a City of Dora. TImyd. lib.i. 
*Strab.lib.g, AlfosHauenin the Territo- 
ry of fi'';pci, in Adaia. Tbuc lib. 7. Paufm. 
in Acbauii, 

Eiyiljric, an tmqiie City. Htrodol. lib. i. 
It (landcth inthemiddeftof theC/w/u;;«e- 
fm, betweene the Promontory Aiginnm 
and the Mountaine Mimas, and before it 
lye cei tame Hands called H;/);;. SUab.lib. 
13. Alfo a Towne'in tlic confines oi Alii 
cd, notfarte from VUtxa. 'Ibucyd. lib. j. 

£/?/«/;>, a Region of Thcffaly, confining 
on theMonntaincsO/vw/iw and Ojji. He- 
ndfil. lib. I. It is the Wcfl part oirhf{ja!y, 
and lycth betweene Mount Tindm and 
the vp per Maccdonic, Strab. lib,g. 

£«te^, an Hand lying oppofite to the 
Continent of .^//ifii, and /iaw/ia, andie- 
er/i, extending from Simium, as far as 7/«/- 
faly. The length ol it is reikoncd from 
the r'romontory Centum, to the Promon 
tory Gtrtifluu Conctiia Eulxae is all that 
fliorcthat is from the Ei'.ripm to Gttvf/'w. 
Stub, lb. 10. Herodotia makcth it to bee 
on the other fide of tlic Hand. Herod, lb. 
7. It fcemes thcrefoie that C'oncaua Subaie 
is not the proper n.ime of a place, but an 
appellation fignifying any hollow ben- 
\ dingofthefliore. 

i KurBKJ, a Riucr, which rifing amongft 
the Eon, a Nation of Atnlia, 1 unncth by 
CbiUii3niC'''y^<">t aiidthcn btncling to- 
i ward the W«ft, by Tkmon into the Sea. 
' Slid. lib. 10. 

Emus, a Riucr ofl.acoma, riiJng in the 
Territory of McgaLipobi , and p:iil'in<» by 
theCityofL«i'a'«,off,(,nthcIiaft .-^de of 
It, fallcth into the Sea nccrc Hclai, be- 
t\'/cen<:. Gyihium aad Acri^.^trnb. lib 8. Al- 
fo a Riucr oinell'aly, riling out of the Hdl 
Citmm, and falling into the Riucr Twe- 
Ui. Stijb.l:b.7.Hp!t. 

Euryiam, aNationof .Tjo/i^w, one of 
the three. ^/)./.'/tf« being rholc that dwelt 
reward the Sea ; Uftmnei, thcle toward 
the ^Icbam, rhmyd. lib. 3 . Emyianes therc- 
fore lima be thofe cowaid .*^»v«i and Athi' 

(j-.-M'p,/;«,nCitynot fane from Tmnc. 
■JheFkcl «/■ Xerxes comp,-ffini the Fro' 
momory ./Ampdus, f,fa by thefe Cities, 
Torone, Oakpfus,SexmyIa, ScJ HercdoL 
Ub, 7. 

Gnpftho, •City ofT/;r«,, not far from 
Ampbfoln.:hucyd.l<b.^. Oruliit, thinkcth 
It the fame with Caleffi,r. but it is more 
probable by thcHiftory to be another. 

Gatgjra, a Promontory in Afi.7, 260 fur. 
longs within the Promontory of trSa; 
and IS the beginning of the Bay of Adra- 
».>'«/.7», properly fo failed. Slrah. Ub.i-,. 

Gcr^lhi,, a Promontory of Eiibaa. Ce- 
r^JlH6 and I'elatm are oppofite to Sunium, a 
Promontory oi Attica. Strab. lib. le. Cer*. 
Jhij IS betweene the Ciiy Siyra, and Erctria. 
Jdcw, lib. 10. 

Ceranea, a H;I1 in Mcgatii, nccre the en- 
trance of the //Z/jw/m. ■Ihnnd.Hb.u Taur 
m Atticii. ^ ■'* 

Chwcc, a City in 7o»w,neere the Moun- 
taine IH)ca\e, Thutyd lib, 8. 

G/gu/jfci, a Promontory not farre 
Pettdx'a. Hired, lib. y. 

Cim:phi, iChyoiV>ejla!y,mtht Regi- 
on called Lli:oit%. Strab. lib. 9. neere to the 
fpiingsot P.»w,.t;/»./,A. 4. Theneercft 
ofther/jfJ/i/«tt Cities to Epirtti. Liny, lib 

Co»»us,3 City of the Perrh<ebia>!s in Thefa- 
ly, at the foot oiO/yapus. Strab.Ub,^, ,„ the 
entrance to Tempc, Potyb. lib. 17. Liny, lib. 
44. twenty nules diflant from L^rifa'liu^ 
/'i.3<?.G(i»wtti;is in the entrance out of Af.i' 
ctdoma through the Vcrrhabiam into IhtWi. 
ly, Herod, lib.7. ^^ 

Gortyma, a City oi Matcdenia, not fane 
from the Hill Cermt.rbuiyd. lib. a, 

Gww(Hj, aRiuerinfit/i'f/^flW, rifin" in 
UowtUla, neere .xnto5-f/;y?i, and falling 
mioProfmitii betweene the City Priapus 
and the mouth of the Riucr JiLftpus, stroll 
Ih.ri _ 

Gnfioma, a Region oi Maecdonta, icy. 
ning to A;;^(/OTW,,n which rifcth thcRi- 
ucr chcdniii, Herod, Ub, 7. 

Cyariti, a fmall Hand, ont of the Cycit- 
da. y'ldtCyi lades. 

Cyitiu, a City oiPerrMia, at the foot 
oiOlympui, Str.'.b.lib, 9, before Conxus to 
fuch as come out o( Macedowi^ by the 
Mountaincs called Canbunii, Liny, Ubro 

Cythim, a City oilaccnia, the' Harbour 
oi the LuedtmBian Shipping bcmeene 
— A jine 


Rnesof Plauis. Hcrudat.hb.g, Thucyd.ib, 
l.y'ideOtnK. Alio aTownc of Wigw, on 
the confines of Tcgea, in the way be- 
twcenc TegcaaadArgos, Taiifanus in Conn- 

yffntzniAcrite.Strab. fib, 8. diftant ijo ' Hermime lobe^in at iheVcomoruoTy Scy[- 
furlongs from ihc Promontory of T«n«- , litam, and to end at Epidatnu. ^xre. 
rui. Liconkn. Hwnw, a Riuer diuiding itote from 

Jtnia,. Slrub.lib.j^.lt runneth through 
the Plaints that lye before the Citic Sar- 
(/ii, andcntreththc^caby Fbocea. Herod- 

W'//'ji the people of a City of the tacri 

Jli.uThucyMdi,-^ A maritime Towne , O^U.Thucyd.lib. j. 

Hjlit:iSlrabomSoL4rgia,inthi:Hay : Hf,'?;<(J, aCity of itaJar^not farrc from 

HaiueTiuftmXy — J o(Hcrmione. Straba, the Promontory Cenc::ni. Smb. lib. to. 

W. 8 bctwccnc ^/j« inAHctmMm-, two The Territory of He,"?/*.! is called HcjhoU\ 

hundred and fifty furlongs from A[me. , andisouerag.iinft rtcJ/j^Tjaimay appcarc 

Tauf. in Cmmkudi. out oi Herod, lib 

HjW//«, acitieofSjfufM.bythefidcof ' Hyxi, The people of a City ofthetwW 
the Lake Copan, towards Hchcon. SUabJib. ' Ot^oU. Tliucyd.lib.i. 

Itconfinethonth; Territory oilhtf j Hyampolis, a City of Tboci!, confining 
pi.t. Paiif.mBxoticii, on j4bM,3Ciiy oiiheLocriamolOpm.Pauf. 

H.i//Mr«aj/;(<,aCityoftbc Voream in AjJj, ItnPhocius. 

Hfrei./ifc.iTnthebottomeof the Caawtart | Hy/k, aTownc of /Itlica, on the con- 
Bay. Sfrai./zfe. 14. 

Halimia.aT ovine of Mica, next after 
i'halcron, towards the Promontory of Suni- 
iim.Slrab,lib,y. In this Towne vta Tbu~ 
f;^Mijbotnc,thc Author of this Hiftory. 
Halifmm, a Towne in the Hand C«s, 
ncere vnto the Promontory of UUct. 

HtttMxitin, a City of Troas, vrider the 
Promontory of i.f(3«l. "^trab.lib.i-^. 

H;7rwa.';.'.<, a City inthc Continent, o- 
ucr againll ■74cthymna. o{ LCiboi. Thnc lib.%. 
Harpagium, a place on the confines of 
Prii7f:(s and Cj-ywi, Scrub, lib. 1 ^ . 

Hebruf, zK'tner of Tbrace, falling into 
the Se-a bctweene JE:im and 7>ori/ciis, Ilc- 
roih-lil/.y, . ! 

HcliitJ, an Hand, one of the Cycladcs,ad- 
iacentto the Concinenc o{ Attica, and 
extending from S.'.'«;k»» to Tfowia«. Slrab, 

Hcbcs, a Citie of /fc/wa, on the Sea- 
fide, betweene ^,^;w; and B«M, diftant 
from /E^i«/s forty Hulongs, Vaufan.m A- 

Helm, a inconiqxc City, by the fide of 
the RiuerEaro/.w, not farrc from the Sea. 
■tiib.l:h.%. diftant from Bytliiim a hun 
dred furlongs, and from Acrite thirty, Puu(. 
itt Laconicii. 

Herica, aCity of Arcadia, in the confines 
of£/«, vpon tUcRiuer ..4//)''c«5. Polyb. lib. 
^ Itconfineth on Wc- 
galopolii; and the Riuer l.adon runneth 
within I J fuilongs ot it, Taujan. in Ar- 

Jicraclea, a City of the Meliam, built by 
^eLaced£>norvam,yinhm\hc ftraight of 
Thcrmopyje .diftant from it forty furlongs, 
and from the Sea twenty. Thiiqd, lib. j. 
Strab. lib. 9. Alfo a City in the Bay of Lat- 
mM, betweene Milctia and Pyrtha, diftant 
from PjTfha 1 00 furlon$;s. Slrab. hb.i^. Alfo 
a City of the Sinti, a people of Macedonia, 
called Heracka Sintica. IJa.lib,^^, 

ticrm'me, a maritime City in Aigia, be- 
tweene Afm and Traxen. Str.ib. lib. 8. 
TauC, "t CBf'mibiacit. From it is named the 
Bay of Hcrmiow, which fiatb in it in order 
thefe three Cities, Afinc, Hermwne, 7rx- 
•yij. Strab. lib. 8. Paufanuts in Cvrinthiacu. 
Kmiirabo feemeth to make the Bay of 

Jtfj^«, a maritime City of Afii, fcituate 
in an Hand, ncere to the Continent. 
Slrab. lib. 14. in that Bay which on the 
fide towards MllctH^ hath t'ofidcum for 
bound, and on the other fide, the City 
Mmdits. Polyb. lib.\6. The Bay is called 
inutUargilealtan. Jidem. 
Icariii, or Haria, an Hand on the Weft 
of the He Samoi. Strab. diflant from 
it 80 furlongs Idem, Lb, jn. 

Iciljys, a Promontory of £/?j, neere the 
Citie ofPbia, Thuqd. lib. z. l^ide Fhia, 

leas, an Hand lying before Magnefia. 
Slrab. lib, g. 

Ida, a Mouritaine of Aj!a, extending 
trom unus and the places on the Adra- 
rrrfHiaiiBay, toiheCity 2t7«a by Piopontii, 
Strab. lib, li, 

Idacui 3 place in the Thacian Chcrfonne- 
(m. oppofitc to Abydiii and Dardams. Tim. 
lib. 8. 

/(iowOT*, two Hill toppcs fo called, bc- 
tweene Ambracia and Argbi Amphilockcum. 
Tbucyd. lib, 5 . 

lelypii, a City in the Hand of Khodei, be 
tvieetieCamcirits and the City of Rboda. 
Strab, lib. n. 

Jbum fine Ttoia, a famous City in Afti, 
170 furlongs from ^bydus, (\anding from 
the Sea towards the Mountaine ida.Strab, 

lmbroi,an Hand not farre from the Ihra- 
dan Cher fenncftii. Timcyd.iib.S. It is diftant 
from Lemnoi two .ind twenty miles, and 
from the lie Samotlirace, that lyeth before 
the KiuetHebruS, two and thirty miles. 
Plm. lib. 4. 

/o/a« a maritime Towne of Thcffaly, in 
the Petafean Bay.not farrc from Demetrias, 

JoWii, a Region inhibited by the Greci- 
am in Ajia, by the Sea-fide, reaching 
from fofidtum a Promontory of Hilelu}, 
oa the South,to Fhoctea, and the mouth of 

the Riuer Hermus, on the North. Strab Lb 

Ionian Gulfc.Jhz Ionian Gulfc, *r the lo 
man Sea, isthcvtmoft part of the ^Hdri.i 
tiqiie Sea , beginning at tho Ctraimia 
Mount aines. Strab. lib. 7, 

loi, an Hand on the Coaft of Crete 
equally diflant from Tbcrafia an Aaaetje. 
Strab, lib. 10. '^ 

Ipicnres,lhc people of aCity ofthelo- 
cnO^o'je.Tbuqd.lib. J, 

Ifmarii, a Lake i n 7 brace, bctweene Stry- 
f^a and Maronea, FJaod. lib. 7. 

Jjione, a Hil] in the lie Corcyra. ThuuLb. 

Ithaca, an Hand ouer againft Cepballema, 
and T\ec:c to ir, St'jb.lib, 10. 

;('^flA»c,a Hill in ^fftwM, neere the Sea, 
and on it a City, which was afterward the 
Cittadcll of the City Mciiene, that was 
built alter the Feleponncfian Warrc, by Epa- 
mmondu. PaufinMcJfcnicis, 

\^Acoma, a Region of Telopemefus, con- 
fining on A/t//f»;«, Aigia, and Arcadia. 
Strab. Lb, S, diuided from the Territory 
of Mcg.dopo!h of Arcadia, by the Riuer Al- 
phcus. I'auf. in Arcadicis, 

Lafter, the ipofl Southernc Promonto- 
rieofthe He Cui, Str.ib.lib. 14. 

LacedxmuH, the head City ofLacoma,on 
the Weft fide of the Riuer liiirotu, remote 
from the Sea, beneath the J.lountaine 
Tatgcius.Strab. Lb, S, Polyb. Ub. j. 

lade, a fmall Hand, lying before the Ci 
ty Milctui, Herod, ltj.6. Tbucyd. lib, 8. Paaf 

IflA»,a Riuer rifing in the Territory 
of Cleiior in Urcada, pafling by the border 
of Hct^a, and falling into the Riuer Ptve- 
ui ill £.';>, neere to fylM. Tauf. in Arcadicis, 
C&" £liacctnmfecundo. 

Upifa, an Hand on the Weft of the I- 
\3r\iloi.Sirab.'.ib. 10. 

Liimpraaa, a maritime City in HeUefpomt, 
from .<;*)■.-/;/(, towards Pio;)«w, diftant 170 

Lmdicta, a Towne of the Territory of 
Orcftii iu Aicidia. JImydlih. 4. 

Lari fa, a City of Tbelfaty, on the Riuer 
PcncHi.Strab.Lb.c,. Alio a City of Troat 
betweene ^ch*iim and Coleme, Sitabo, lib. 

laimus,and ^ latmiis, a Mountaine at 
the Bay > the bottome of the Cay 

of Liilmiis.--^ of Latmus, which Bay be- 
cinncth at Pgfi,kum in the Tcrritoric of 
Miletus, andendethat the Promontorie 
of Pyrrh.1, betweene which places by tkc 
ihorr, it is two hundred furlongs, and 
ftreight ouer, but thirry. Sirabo, t'ibro 4. 
tfl(»/«5isalfoanIlandin thofc parts, as 
appearethbyr;i;/n</</f!,//i. 2. but I can 
finde no mcniior. cf it in any other Au- 

Lmiii!P,a Mountaine and Tpwnein /1t- 

tut,not (at (com 5«»j;«m,bctwcen£ Siiniiim 

(c) and 

in<\.-it'«aii.r.i>if. in .-itil.i): The Ath.iMK 
had lilucr Minci in this Mouiuaine. thuc, 

Uii, a N.nion dwelling on the Riuci 
J.rwot.anilthc border bctweenc Thrjct 
and Mi cH' 

I (Ud.ti^3S\lcniqiic Cay in lydU. H.rcd. 
til. I. S<iiUiCc on the Sea-fide, bctweenc 
CoUf-MiWiXtcni, diftant from each no 
furlongs. S/ivti. / 6- 14. 

Le<j3t»m, iHaiicnof the CtrmlhiaTu in 
the Ciz/r^jn or C.T:r.:hun Bay. ISetwccnc 
/«;«';» and iV«'i<« is contained ihc Co- 
r'mkjn Ijii n:n. F.vif. in Cormtkmu). 

i*&M. aCiiyand Pioniomoiy aiTreas, 
thr beginning of the Bay oi Adfamytlmn, 
Stub. Ikji^. 

Ir«»«i, a^lland in the Mgun Sea, on 
the Eai\o4 the Mountainc Mtim, fo m. the 
llwdaowcfthcMountamc fallcih fonic- 
cimci vpoB It. Fbi. lib. 4. Strab. Epiiom. lib. 

Icprrum, a City of Hi'.'i, forty furlongs 
from the Sea.'ftiK/: Flmorum fccurd^. On 
the confines of ^-Itcadk. rb::iy.l lib. %, 

Urn, r.n Hand, one of the S-wada, 
neere to Tut /os. Str-ib. l:b. 10. 

/ n'")-, an Hand ouer againft .tofc in A- 
fj, diftantfrom lemnos, fcncdin, and dm 
.ilmoft eqinlly; Idle then fius hundred 
fuilonns troin the fa. theft <>f them. It 
rjachetli in length betwecne U(1:'.i and 
Cj« 5^0 furlongs, and is in compafTe 
1 1 00 furlongs. 5/Mfe. (.■/>. ij- 

Ie!^cas,al't»r,i{itLt, diftanc from Aa'nm 
»+o furlongs, Sirib. lib. 10. now an I- 
1 nd, a nd c'alled Sania Many a. 

l.iti{l>\t, a-To\tnc in BMtia, bctwe^-ne 
r:.:t(ta and Jbcfpte. Sinb I'b. 9. Alio a 
Towne ofUco:::i in the Mfdeman Bay, 6e- 
t vtenc Tl^iiridci and Cin-rfjwjf/^jdiftant from 
C-ndaviylf « J furlongs and trom r*MJr«J 
three hundred and forty. S/ZiJi. libi. P*uf, 
It t acniicu. 

LfAT.wMjthe mofl EaAernePromonto- 
ryofthelle Corcra, oppolitc to the 1 
lands «llcd Sjban, Strab. lib 7. 

l.iUa, a City ofykocit, diftint from 73c/- 
f;''by/'«?M/7;.-n8ofurlongs. Vauf. inl'bo- 

lJmnaa,iC:ir,' on the confines of A- 
»rrf.7,on theWea to the Riuer 
m3v be gathered oui. of T'-'ngd. lib. j. 

fjf-'y. a Cnv of the llind7(.W«,fciru- 
atton rhcrrehthandio them that fayle 
from the City of K.'.'o.'it J Southward. St>.tb. 

Uip-t, a fmall Riuer of T(-r4«, bctweenc 
M,[(vbm ^nASiiyr-'i. Haodlib.T. 

Loni,i\ Nation rf G««f, whereof one 
I>.irt, called Lorr; O^oie, inhabitc on the 
Weftofr'C''n»T«f, and confine on Jf.'o':a. 
Streb lib. 9, And the other part, cMled 
l.9CtiO;:ml^, are diutded from the O^plr 
by the Mountsincs rcrnaflm and the Regi- 
on of Dw;i. l^etrj.ib <). Pan of the Op«n- 
liirt arc call.d Epicremidel, for that they 
dwell ncercthe Promontory called Cne- 

lory^iyiCwj in the oppofite Conti- 
nents sWfi, b«wecneCni-'«i and Vl))f 
cui, where the fliore beginncth to tuinc 
Northward. Strab. lib, 14. diftant twenty 

miles from lii:ijcs. Ltuy, libronS • 

t^sMA., amountaine in Atcadii, neere 

to the confines of t.i(o;/M, and Mtgaippo. 

til. I'Mij. ill ^rcadich. l<iot far from Teica. 

Strut), lib 8. 
l.)(hnii,t, a City oilSyrh, on the CoTi- 

fincs o{ Mactdoiiic, in the Igtatiax way,that 

Icadcth from ApeUnn.n to Thame. Sir>ib. lib. 

Lydiits, a Riuer of Miccdonit. Lydius and 
AliacmoH meeting in one, dcuidc Boltita 
from MaccduKie. Htradot.lib. 7. 

Z-jacws, a Region and City of the vppcr 
Atace.liiH'.], the people are c.illcdt)int/.)t/?; 
by Tliucyd. lib. 4, and placed by Sirabo in 
the way bctwetnr EpuUmmn and ihcfKe, 
which hec callcs the Igudiian way. Stiab.lib. 


J^^Accdonia, a famous Kingdomc, borde- 
red with Tbraiia, Bpnui, lUyrif, and 

M.idyiii, a City in the Ibradtn Chetfoti- 
nefm. Bctwacnc Scllui amd Maiiytin, u the 
Ihoi ted cut ouer the He //. /j^w/, of not a- 
boucfcuen furlongs. Hciod lib.y. 

Mxjvdtr, a R:ucr oi Carta, \ he mouth 
ofit IS fifty furlongs fromP)iii/)a, the be- 
ginning of the i.<ir»»/ii^i£.i)|, Sifab. lib. 14; 

M^d:, a people ot Thrace, bordi.ring on 
Mactcerre. Fo'yb.lib. Thiicyd, lib.z, 

Mctnaha, a Territory of Arcadia, he- 
longingtothcCity jV/.Wd/rtJ, which City 
is about threefcorc and tenne furlongs 
ftom ttlcgaUfo!ti. Vauf.m Aicad'cii, 

Ma'^nefii, a City of ThctTuty, theTcrrico- 
ric whereof exttndeih fioro the N'oun- 
t.ninc OTa and the Like Sxbas, to the 
Mountaiue Peliou. Strjb. lib. 9 B efoic the 
Continent ci .Mi^ifu, lyeth the Ibnd 
Scyalhii. Hciodtt. Lb, 7. Alio a City 
of Ionia called Magmjii on AUandcr, a- 
boue the Ciiic of Myns* Strabo, libio 

Mala, a Promontory of Laconia, be . 
twcenc which and tteriarus is comprehen- 
ded the laco lan Bay. Sirab. Id;. 8. Alio 
the mod Southci ne Promontory oiUibus, 
oppofue to Ca/:<t. Strtb. lb. I J. 

Mammia,3 City of Arcadia, confining 
on Ait^ta, Tqea, Mct'ydrmm, aixiOrchomt- 
nus.Pduf. in Anadiiis. 

Maratian, a Towne in Attica, ouer a- 
gainfl Eretriaof Eiibaa. Hood, lib, 6. Be- 
tW' cnc«'MW»viand Btaaroii, Strab, lib. g. 
Equally diftani from /Jrfcfw and from C* 
ryliui in EiiboA. Panf, in Aiucu. 

Marathufa, nn Hand lying before CUt^- 
metut. Thue}d, lib. 8, l^idt Cla^maue. 

Maranea, a Citie oiTbract, lying to the 
jt^M» Sta, Xtrxci, after he ha d palfcd the 
Riuer Lifliis, went on toward Griece by 
thcfc Cities, Maroma, Duaa, Abdera,&ic, 
Hcroi. lib. 7. 

Mcc)btrr.t, a maritime Towne in the 
Bay of '»fi)»f,feruing!or the /hipping of 
the City Olymhui. Shab. Epitom. lib. 7, 

j Thcl^leet oi Xcrxci becing como about 
AtHftlui, f This is a Promontory neere To- 

\rom,) palled by thclc Cities, lorene, Oi- 

:cpfus,Scrm)!a, AUcybcrna, &c. Haodot, lib. 

Medton, a Ciiie of Amphdochii, on the 
VVettoftheKiucr^(/.c(«wj. IhcAiniy of 
thePe/o/ionw/ijwhauingpaired the Rmer 
AMaui, out of J^i{il:a, went on into A- 
^xiihy thcle Cities in order, P/;j/w,/l/(f,'c- 
M, and Umniea. Tbiuyd. lib. 3 , 

Mcgs'eiiola, a City of AntLlia, built after 
the Pdopmm'fun Warrc, by EpatHmmdAi. 
The Territory thereof confintth on Lt- 
coma, ilcjjii.ia, llcrtct, Oahomcrus, Monti.,3n^Teg(.i. It ftandeth on the Riuer 
Hdiffon, not larre from Alphem. Vaufan. in 

^ciara, 3 City confinirig with Attica at 
£/<.'///>. diftant from the Sea 18 furlongs, 
laiitinAtiici^. S rab,l!b. 8. 

AXcl.a,aRincr, and aF..iy into which it 
cntrcih, onthcWVft of the ihiacian Cher- 
fowiclui, Htiod. lib, 7. 

MelcM,a Promontory of the Hand (f/vM, 
ouer againft the He P^w. Stiabo, ibto 

Mcliaifes, -y The C^iellenfn arc next to 
and the S- Thcjjaly South.ward . Strab. 

Mdan Bay. ///-.'s The Mclian Hay be- 
ginneih at the Promontory Cnemidts* 
Id. lib. 9. 

Mclitca, a City ol rhefalie,nccic the Ri- 
uer l;?;/pcw. Strab, lib.q, betwecne Plurfit- 
liti nni Hcraclca, Thucyd.i.b, ^, 

Milni, an Hand, one ot the Cyclida Vide 
Cyclades. Didaiit from the PromoiuoBc 
S(j'"ic*OTfcuen hundred furlongs, itrab. lib. 

Meitdc, a Citie in the Cherfonncfm of Pat- 
ient. Hetod, '.lib, 7. bctweenc Afytii and 
Seme. Siiab.Epil.lib 7, 

CtlcftD.hia, a maritime City of Thrace, 
neere Dorifiiis, the lafl in the fliore of 0o- 
rifitii towards the Wxd. Herod. lib, 7, 

AJef'iiii, aRrgion on the Wcfl part of 
Pclopomefiii, confining on Efu, Arcadia, and 
Z,(lf»«/ij, deuiJedfrom£& onthe parts to 
the Se.i, by the Riucr "^cda, and confi- 
ning with Lactnia at Tlmruics. Strab. lib. 8. 
Paufin Mcffcmcii, Of the Mefnian Bay, 
the firfl Towne is y^fme, the laft ' hmidei. 
ldem,lib.Z. The CityofAfc/TJwewas built 
after the Pekponncfian Warrc, by Epami- 
nondoi, vndcr the Hill Itbome. Panf. in Mef- 
ftnicu. fide Hbcme. 

Meil>o)ie,:i City o(M3cedetiia, forty fur- 
longs from Pyrfw.S/wfr.f/;//. /;fr. 7. AKoa 
City in ^rg;j, bef.vcene EpidaMin and 
Troi^n. Str.xb. lib. 8. Scituate in a ^ki/o»- 
»:i,'«! belonging to the Tia^fwjjw, r.-.uf, 
i» Cmintkacii. Strabo callcih it Mctban-U 
Alio a maritime City ot CMt^hiia, bc- 
tweenc the Promontories Coryt>hapiim and 
Acntns. Strab. lb: 8. Tauf. in Cormihiacis. 
Paufani.u callcih it CMotbo/ie. It is now cal- 
led Modeno. 

Mf/Jj/jy, thcpcwplcofaCityof the Lo- 

Methydi'uim, a City of yirtadid, confi- 
ning on M<!«//»M, diftant from Mciahpo'.ii 
170 fui longs. Paiif. in Artfdicti, 

Mctlyturta. a City of t«6*J, bctweenc 
the Promontories Sigrii/m and Maka, di- 
ftant from Mai-tf J40 furlongs, and fiom 
Simiim 110. Strab. lib. 1 3 . 


Miletiii, an loii'^ue City of Ctrw, chc far- 
chcfinoft toward ilic South. Hcmlot.lib.u 
next io I'efitciwi J itiihc Utm'!ant'*y. Slrab. 

Mimti, aW'iWin tho Cherfonncfiu of £7- 
ihr^i bctwcene chc Cicies Erjlhrit and CU- 
':;i\mcmtt Strab. lib. i j. 

Mmdia , n maritime Citie of Caa'ia , 
betwecnc the I'romontorie of A^y- 
pjUa, and the City lafM. Stralo. libra 

Mind:; an 1 Iand,as Ihiicyd, n Promonto- 
ry as S/iiifco faith, that makcthNi/ij a Ha- 
ucn. St ab. Ub. ^. Ihucyi. !ih. i. 

(M;/j/fnf,thcchicfcCity ofI?iiw, fcitii- 
ate bctwcene Methymna and .Wafea, diftant 
from .lU'i'.( thrccfcorc and ten furlongs, 
(vomCmi one hundred and twenty fur- 
longs. ?/rii», /li). 1 3 . 

M»b(fumi, a people of tfili'.U Thucydid. 
ttb. I. dwcUiiijiby the]Rjuer/4ctoa«. Lwy, 
lib. 8. 

Moljcl'm,aC'ity of the Lor/l O^U, on 
tlic Sea fide, next to ^m'mhium, on the 

It toward Eiiemu.l' Pbiickii. 

MioF/cbia, a Promontory of .-^rifVa.which 

rh Them made the Harbour of the A- 

)Hii»fnipping, with three fake Haucns 
within it. Slrab, Ub, 9. 

Mjcdi, a Promontory ouer agninft the 
WtSamos, llcredot. Iii. 1. A Mountaine 
etoTnwf, oppofitc toSanw, which 
with Vofuiium a I'romontory o^Smios, ma- 
keththeftrcighcof feuea furlongs ouer. 
Smb. lib, 14. 

Hycaleflui, a City of Esstia, Ijstwecne 
Thebes and Cbolcii of Eubxi, Tanf. inBaoti- 
c'u. Thucfd.lib.y. 

Mycau, a City once the head of Ar- 
gii , on die left hand to thofe that 
goe from Clcote to Argcs, diftant from ^r- 
gDi fifty furlongs. Strab, lib, S, Panfm Co- 

Mjconus, an Iland, one of the CycUdcs, 
Vids Cyclida. 

A/C;;</t7«!<T, aRcgionof Uticeds^iia, deui- 
dcd from B(i«/<i7 by the Riucr Ami, and 
and reaching vnto f.illene. Hoodt)l.Uh/o 

Myla/a, an vpland City ofCaria, necrcft 
to the Sea at Vhyfcui. Stiab. lib. 14. 

Mjomcrm, a maritime City ofi«nM,bc- 
tweene Tern and Ubtdui- Strab, lib. 14. 

Mynhius, a C'ty of the tdoniam in 
Thrme, by the Riuer St/ymon, Bemiol. lib. 

Af T«J,an Inmque City, 3 o furlongs aboue 
the mouth cf the Kiuer Meander, Strobe, 
lib, 14. ^Ifija City of the Lecri Ot^U, 
nztic Ampbijjlt, and thirty furlongs more 
remote from the Sea. VattC- » PImiw, 


]^ /<«p*;i«,a City of the loa/' 0'^(ile,neer 
to Anunhium, within the Crifj'iean Bay. 
Strab. lib. 9. and next to it is Ocambcj. Paiif. 

Nauplia, a City of Arga, in the Argirie 

IB ay, next afrer Tcmem!t.r>i, towards the 
Promontory S0!l<eii:/.'. Str.ib, lib. 8. 
Naxus an Iland, one cf the Cjdtdes. Vide 

Wc>^<, .1 Riucr oi Ttlofmttfm, riling 
in the Mountaine /^frf'ttw. Vaiifnm.nin Ar- 
cadicis. and pafsmg througli Mtljemi, J- 
dcm in Mefcnicis. It diuidcch the. mari- 
time parts of £/« and Miffcnin, Siiab.lib. 

Sofca, a Forrcft and Townc, The For- 
rcd bctwcene Ctcont .-.nd pl.l!!.'4,Slrjb,t.b.^. 
■/he Towns betwccne clcona and.-/r!;oj, 

Ncrithm, The Chmfmntpti o{LcucM,Ct\c<i 
cut off" and made an iland by ihcCori/tihi- 
iiis. St/ab.lJb. 10, 

Nf/?rt.(, a Riuer oi, that gocth 
out into the Sca^ nccre to the City Abdc- 
rt. Herod, lib, 7. on the Weft lide oiAbde- 

Ni/'ta. the Haucn Towne to the City 
of .Uciara. Peg:e and Nifta coniprchend 
ihei,?fcw/(5,and arcdiftaiic from each o- 
ilicr no furlongi. Strab, lib. S. On the, 
Eaft of the ll.Tnd Aimot. Ji/. /ii. 9, 

NifjrM, an Iland, one of the Iparadjs , (o 
furlongs from the lie Cji, and as many 
from the lie Tebs,in compalTe 8o.furlongj. 
Strab, lib, 10, 

j T!o>i!urif,i City o?Arcad'a,to iheWcft of 
1 Phemtm.and cncliniiig to the right hand, 

j Noriitm, a towne on the Sea-fide, be- 
] longing to the Coloplmiais, and diftant 
from Cflfo/)/;o;? two miles. Liny, lib, 37. 
Alfo a placcin the lie O'iiis, betwecne the 
Promontory A/£fc/M and the Hauen Phi- 
»<"♦ Diftant from the City Chi.■l^ by Land 
thrccfcore furlongs, by Sea 500. Strab, iib, 
. M- 

I Nmpbeum , a Promontory of Mount 
I Athai, towards the B.ny oiSifigm, Strab. £p, ' 
, lib' 7 

Qctf, a Mountaine, the greateft of Kii- 

bxa,ncexe to the Cit)' CaryftuuStiab.lib, 

10. _ . ', 

OdomJUti, a people of Thrace, aqfiiffiCJie, 
Mountaine T.uigitum. Htrod. lib. 7- 

Oiijfi, a people of Tbrace. Tl^ucyd. libro 
1, , ■ , . _ 

Odnthei, a maritime City of the Locri 0- 
TfiU.TaufmThtcicn. Ouer againftiEj;;r<e 
otAihaia. TolyL lib, 4^ 

0«(k.i, aCitie oi Acarmnia, by the Sea 
{ide,oppofite to the Ptooaontoiy ..irexii^, 
in I'elopouncfM, and confining on JBtoh.i, 
Pofyb. /;&.4. on the Eaft fide of the Ri- 
uer /icfce/uw, attbc mouth of it.Strrti'./i^, 

'0(8co)i, a City of the loai Ot^Ix, not far 
from KiwpaClHs, as may be gathered out 

Oenac, a Townc on the border of Attica, 
towards £!£fl/i^. Thiuyd. lib, a. Oc/ioc and 
Hyfe the laft of the Townes oi^^ttica, to- 
wards Baotia, on that part which is tcmo- 
tcft from C/;a/cis and £«(iffij. Uerodot. libra 
J. . 

Oemphyta, a place in Bixoth.Thiuyd. iii.i, 
but whereabouts, I cannot iiiide, 

Oeniipt, certaine llai^Js vpon the Coaft , 
of (TW.'iJ, Herod, hk, i . Tlmyd, lib, 3. I 

0(t*, a M^ncaine ncerc JhermoffU: 

that part which is nccieThcTKopyU, for a- 
botittwciuyiurlongs, is properly called 
C*f/.;,ihough the whole tract from nemo. 
f;V,.istarrcasihc Bay cf Ambracia, bee 
commonly alfo c.illcd Oela. Strab. lib. 

Oi^Qfmt, a City of the Eidimiam. Thucyd. 
lib. 4. lie)' Olid ihc Kiucr Sirymn, and by 
the Sca-liilc, according to rtolorme. 

O'.cnriis, an Hand, one of the Cycladeu , 
Vide Cyiloiiis. j 

Oler.i:s. a city o(jfcbaia, betwccne Palr<e I 
and Dymc, at the mouth of the Riucr Pet. I 
nii. Pail], ill Acbdcis. j 

Olp^t, a Caftle by the fide of the Bay of I 
Ambrjcu, jieere to Argos Ampbdoilwum, 
Thucyd. lib. i, ,. •. I 

Olpc, acity of thcIoa/O^jj/:*. Thtiryd.lib. 
3. but whereabouts i know not. 

Olfpfy.xui, a city in Mount ^nhm. Herod. 
Lb. 7, 

O'ymina, a placcin E&, with a Temple 
dedicate to /tf;wci',vpon the fide of the Ri- 
ucr W//l;«.'i, difliint from the Sea 80 fur- 
longs. Sti;ab.lil/,3. 

Olympus, a Mountaine, which is the 
boundof7;;fj/i/y on the North, and of 
J>f.wrfw;7(z on the South, bctwcene it and 
the Mountaine 0/J2r, in a narrow Vdlky, 
runneth the Riucr Tcnetii, Hend. lib. ■>. 
Paiif. £ liai or:i mfecimdo, ' ' 

Olyntlm, a. chy of the Botiiaam driuca 
ou t of Bottixa by th e Mucedoiuxns. Herod.lib, 
8, The B^tiiieans driucn out ofBottitea/cs. 
ted thcmi'clues on the borders of the Chal- 
cicleam towards 'i hmce. Thucyd. lib, 2. 0. 
lyiiihus ftandeth fomewhac remote from 
the Sea, and about threefcore furlongs 
fiomi'«/;rf.M. ld.iib, 2. Atccybeina, whidi 
ftandeth on the Bay of Taroffc, fetucd them 
for the place of tlieir iliipping. Strab, £pit. 

Omignalhos, a Promontory of Lacm'ia, 
betweciie which and A:rj/fa, is the city and' 
Bay ofi'ijea. fa^ LacomcU. 

Op'-mr.ei, a people ofJEtolu, toward the 
Meliaii Gulfc. Thucyd. lib. 3, 

Opio,, the chiefc city of the Locr: Opiin- 
tif, diftaii't Irora the Sea fifteene 'fur- 
longs, oppofite to Adetfi in Eubcca. Strab 
lib. 9. 

Orchomcnus, a ci'y of Bxctia, confining 
onPboch, thioiir.h the Teriitory whcrco? 
the Riucr Cephi^us paffeth from Chxronea 
into the Lake Copau. Strab. lib. 9, Fauf. irt 

Alfo a city of Arcadia, confining on 
Manimea and Pheneum. Taufanias in Arca- 

Oreflis, a Region .of Macedonia, confi- 
onEpiriii,Thiigd.tib, 1. notiarre from £- 

Onfiiiim rj A city cf Arcadia, in the 
or , Cway betwccne 5;'«r/,i and 

Ore^ajium^ the JlihHits. Hcrodtt.Lb. 9. 
3nd,bc?wcenc Megalopulu and Tcgea. Fauf, 

Oreifs, a citie of the Hefiutaiu, in Hk- 
baa, Thucjdtd. lib. i. Strab. lib, 9. not 

farre liom the Prorcontor)- of Ci:^eum. I:i. 
lb.), the ticft City oiEubaion the left 
hanJ CO ihein that come from the Bay of 
Dtmctiui,(,oc re^afiem Bay)towaid Ch.Uci\ 
Lay, LI; 9. 
0,i»^^, aCity of^/^id, on the bordcn 

marc the bounds of /^c^ij.TfgM, andl«-l f "cww, a City of rfcf^^, betweene 

con'u. r.i*i/;/at"»r<«tfcw«. AlfoaHillin.^i- rbirfalin^udVm. Thu'cyd.hb.^. 

lica.TbucyJ.lib.i. Vhaitu. Vhagm in Tlmydidef, Vipba^ci 

Pdrn, an Uand, one of the Cy^hda, Vide in HerudotMs,^ City of the TuriMi,betwcen 

CjfUdes, Vang^iim and the Sca,Thiic]/d. lib. t, Herod. 

Vanhafia, a City and Territory of Ana- lib, 7. 

o: the I'fci'ii/wB snd Sif?ii«<i» Territories. «/;<», bordering vjo,! /«()»;<i. Thiiclib.^, | P/JcfcrM, a maritime Tovvnc of <<«;«, 

Pmtin Cerinthua. ' I Pa^iW«4, anlIanJ,«ncofthe SforarfcijOn , bctweciie P/ri<«j andHa/(w«j. Slwi. /it. 8. 

Ou&ir, aCityof£t4«, notfarrcfrom the Weft ofiMntJ. S/Mfr. / Itwashetretofore tlic Haucn of Athem. 

K-%e.SUiils.lio 9. I "P^/rifja maritime City of /( P<i«f;m^«;»). diftant from /<;feMt lo fur- 

% «fAiy a Oiai itiiTc townc in At\H», to- from Khium, fifty furlongs ; from Oltnm 80 longs. Idtm in /Ircadicii. 

\iiTdi Eubjs, indoppobic 10 Eret'ij.Strtb. furlongs. Vaii[.m.4chticu. Sttab.lib.S, P/m»*, aHaucnin thelleCfci»J.I.i«v, f'&. 

fci. 9. Iti»diftantfrom£ri,m4<;ofutlongi. P(^^*, aCicyiiithe Mountainous part 44. Jpetwcenc the Promontory Pofdcum. 

Thiuydtt.b.i. \o(Mciirij, Pjuf.inAcbMcis. Pc^jc aniT^- andtl 

0/j, a Muuntainc of Tfcf//d^. Betweene /irj comprehend the Corin/feia;; ip;w;M.S/M. PkmotM.aCityof P/jpcm, vpon the Ki 
Oj?j'aiidO)w;w,inanarrow valley, run- lib.Z. 
ncth the Iviuci Pmw«. IUr,>J.!ib.7. \ rc-jf<^,a Cit»ofrfc<|p/ji,in thePf^JiGr- 

Gibty, a Moimtjine bounding rbepty aa^^j Herod. lib 7. 
onihe5>cHuh.Ha#rf./(6. 7. Ichathon the 1 Pviraice, afmall Territory on the con- 
North li Jothc Phihiaix, but rcacheth alfo, fines of Attica and BawfJa, necrc to Oropm. 


. S:ub. 10.). 

pw.';'iJ«!, a Riuer of ^7/j the kfle, rifing 
inihc Mountainc Tmolm, and falling 
ir.toihc Riucr Hermus. Slr.ib. lib. ij. k 
runneth through the Market-place of Sar- 
d.s. Hood, lib, J. 

I'jclia, a City {landing in the Ifthmu* 
of the Tijracun Chcrfonncjki^ toward Ptepn- 
tii. Herod, lib. 6. 

Pnonii, a Region of Macedonia, reaching 
00 one fide to the Riucr Strymon. Herode;. 
-/.i. 5. on ihc other (idc to the Riuer Axi- 
ta. Patif. Eliacorum prii/.o, in the begin- 

Pali, aCity o(C(pballe»i^, in the narrow 
part thei of.nctre to the hiy.Stmb. lib, 10. 
Pa'yrc, a maritime City oi\,4ca/na7iia,he- 
twecne LeitCM and Alys^d. StrAb. lib, i o, 

i'x-/t'f,!, a Riucr of Mcfenia, rifing be- 
tweene riVniMjad^rc^uia, and falling 
into ihc ScJ in rhc n.iddtft of the Mejjc- 

r<w;4fl«'»,aTownein Altict,on the con- 
fines of Bao'u. Tbucyd.lili.S, 

I'j/i«-j, a People of Ibraee. "Tbncyd.lib.i. 
Pangxum, a Mountainc in i[/)rflfc,aboue 
tht Region called the P-frM« Bay. Jbuiyd. 
ho. i. Vidt Ticrian Bay. 

?aflopew,thc fame with ?l>anoiis, vidt 

p«iO(«)W,aHaucn o( Aihaitt, necre to 
Kkum.Thiuyd.ib, i. oppofite to >i<utfi- 
(Im. Polyb. lib. 4. Diftant from Rhium with- 
in the Of-'" I'^y ' 5 furlongs. Strab. lib. 
9. AlfoaTowneinthcTciiitoryot,*/;- 

P(ff-jy£»,3City otTheJfily. Tfcw./.i. Where 
abouts in Thfiiy I find not. 

Patiuti, a Nation of f.prm, ncers to 
the Motojjkni. Ibucyd. lib, ». Plularch. in 
qttt!l.Ortiii.qu*il.H ,xi . 

Virium, a mai itime City of HcUejpmt, 
between Luri^hcui&i Prii/«». Sirtb.lib. jj. 
PurnjfM, a Mountainc, on whofc Weft 
par t arc the t«o-/ OjeV i Eatt part , the Pfcf- 
ccmn and Doieum; anS which extendcth to 
the Mountaines that runne along from 
rbcrme}rfU tothe Ambru'uoiiiy, and mcc- 
ceth with them at a right ing]e.StTtb.lib.9 

Thueyd. lib. i 

P«!jyjiul«, a Region oMejJaty, between 
rlktsj^nd the Territory of Magnefi.Stra. 
lib 9. 

PftV,an Hand lying before Ckxfimtrut. 
ibunLlib.i, -Mt Claxpmeiuc. 

Pel on, a Mountainc in the Territory 
of M.i^jufii in Tl>e(faly , ioyncd to the 
Mouncame Offa. Hertd, lib, 7, 

•PeUa,i City of /<f(icfrfa«if,wherein /4/cx- 
Mf/fcrbiGrfiJl was borne. Itftandcthin a 
Lake betweene the Riuers Axim and Lydi- 
m. Strab. Epit.lib,7 

ucr Cephifui. Strab. lib 9. the fame with Pa- 
7iopen!, diflanc 10 furlongs from Cbxronca 
in Bizotia. Panf.inPhocicis. 

Phmtc, a City in the MtjfttfiM Bay, next 
after Cardamyle, Wcff ward. Strab. lib.t. a- 
boue it, within the Land, are thur'mm and 
An'.bea, fourcfcorc fiiilongs diftant from 
it. Pnuf. in Ucsnkii. Alio a City <j(Achaia, 
vpon the Riuer P«Vw, diftant from Patrt, 
I JO furlongs, from the Sea 70 furlongs, .Achaicti. 

Pharfaliis, aCity of Ihtfaly, by the Riuer 

Pbarybui, Pliarjbia to P/ote;ijbut in Liuy 
Bapbyrui, a Riuer of Macedonm, falling into 
the .Sea necre to the City Dion. Liu. 

Theia, a City of ElJs, betweene the 
mouth of the Riuer Alphtim, and the Pro- 

•p«-n{ffc:/»,aHilliiiTe'»P«''"(/I<j, where-; Strab. lib. 

roue, and the Bay of Tier me, Herod, librc 7. 

p4/ii^roji.J,a Region of Af«crfiP«M,tovvard 
lUyrii. Liuy. lib. \<;. 

Pc/nponnefi*!, that part of Greece within 
the iP.bmus of Corinib, now called ^Mflrca. 

Pciitu), a Riuer of 'Ibefialy, i ifiiig in the 
Mountain Pifidiu.necic to Maccdome,StraJ.. 
7. run-niligby Larij}'a, and thence through 
T(»/^cinto the ia.ldim.iib.f, Itdiuidcth 
0/yi fi cm 0/)'Wp«< with a narrow valcy, and 
iccciucih incoitihc Riuers /Wpi(/.w«j, Eni- 
pens, and others. Hci'orf. lib. 7. Alio a Riucr 
of Pe'oponnefM, betweene the Promontory 
Cbelonala,3nii the Townc CjUencSlrab. lib.%, 

Pcparcibu!, an Hand that lycih before 

Ptrgamui, a ^ity of the Pieriam of Thrace 
vndtr the Mountainc Pangicmn, Hefod. lib. 
7, Alfo on JEoliquc Chy, i:« furlongs 
from the Sea, by the Cdc of the Riuer Ca- 
kin. Strab. lib. I J, 

Pfri«rb«i, a maritime City oiThrau, on 
the fide of Propontii. 

Pcnbibi, a People ofTkffaly, that inh: 
bite the Mountainous Countrcy about 
Otympui, from the City Atrax, 'as farre as 
to Tempe, and the City GyrttM. Strab. lib. >. 
Out of MarirhnicintoThelJaly tlicre lyctii a 
way through the Perrhxb:, by the City 
GrmU!. Hertd. hb. 7 

Ptialia, a Promontory of Eubaa, againft 
wliicb.lye the Ilandt called alfo P«j/i*,op 
pofitc to the Promontory Suninm in Atiut, 

PtUctir, a City of Achait, confining on j montory /fl/iys. Strab. lib. 
SJr>oi?(iJ and PfcfWftw, diftant from the Sea J Pbenciim,a City of ^rwrfw, confining 
threefcorc furlongs, and from JfLgtrifiio ' on PcUene and JEgirit, Cities of //c/wiij.and 
furlongs. I'auf. in Acbiicis. Alfo a Pcnwfu- L on Stymfbalus, 7{oiiacm, and CUttofy Cities 
la of Masedonie, betweene the Bay of To- of Arcadia, Paiif. in Arcadkis, 

Btffk'), and confining on Pclion, and the 
Territory of Mag»e[ia. Strab. lib.9. 

Vbile, a Townc of Attica, confining on 
Tanagra of B ecoiia, Strab, lib. 9, 

Pblius, a City necrc the head of the Ri- 
ucr y4fopHS in Mbam, the Territory where- 
of is inclofed at it were in a circle, \yith 
thcTciritorics of Sic}on,Cleomc, andS/yw 
fktliis. Strab.lib,%. 

Vhocxa,an loiiiqiicCity in Lydia, at the 
uiouth of the Riuer Haw«j. Hcrcd. lib. i. 
the bound of Jonia iliat way. Strut, iibro 

Phocii, a Region of G«f«,bctwecne the 
Loci Oxiibt and Baolia. JfJolu, Locris, Phocis, 
Bccolia, lye paralcll one to another. The 
I'bcc.iAr.i inhabite the Eaft fide of Pcmafus, 
Slrab.lib.9. and extend by the Sca-fidc 
from Cirrha to ^micyra. Phocicis. 

Pbanicus portus, a Haucn in Mcficma, 
nctrc the Promontory Acritat, betweene 
it and the City Alctbone. PaufaniMin Mefje- 
wf/i. Alfo a haucn in the Peninfuk Erythrna, 
vnder the Hill Mimns. Thueyd, lib, S. 

Pholoiaiidro(,an Hand to the Weft of the 
Iland/oj. Strab. lib. 10. 

Pfcr)'?y, a place in Atl'ua,Deetc .Acharme, 

Pbygnka, a City of .Mrctdia, on the con- 
fines of jJf«/7f»M, P«/f*.Ct.4.vpon the Ri- 
ucr Lymax, which fallcth into the Riuer 
AVd«. Pauf. in Mcadicn. 

Piryrcm, a Caftle not faite from LtfreuDt 
in Eli$,TbM,lib-S' 

yhyfcd, iC'ity o( fUcei{oma.rhucyii,lib,i, 
r/«/Dm'cpl.iceih it about the Riucr Ckdo- 
riti, not tji I c from the Riucr Axhn. 

rt!){cnf, a maritime City of Cmk, bc- 
t\«ecne Loiima and Cannui, oppofitc to 
T^hodci.Stmb.hb. 14. 

Vlytk 3 City on the Weft fiJe of the Ri- 
ucr Mhclous,not farre out of the way from 
Stnius.into .-/^w/jjas may be gathered out 

Pieria, a maritime City of Maccilo»:c, 
touching on one fide the" Riucr Tcnun. 
Slrab.hb 9. and on the other fide ihc con- 
fluent cf theRiuers/jirfi«J and Aiiacmon, 
where begin!>iit'«;.r.r, according to Htra- 

Pier}uifi/:i.i, a tract of Land bctv/echc 
theMountamePdw^ittc^andihc Sea, in 
which ftandcth the City y/wgrtj. Thuiydid. 
lib.i, Pfr£4/;;«j and Kiiilhi^rcs, Towncs of 
theyicrij^J, viidcr the Hill Tan^ieum, on 
the Weft of the Riucr ^^(lUi. Hmdbt. lil>. 

Pindun, a Mountaine bounding Thcfj!}, 
oniheWcd. Herodoi. lib. f. It hath on the 
SoinhtheDoltWm; on the North, Mace- 
dome.Strab.lib,^. Alfo a City of the Regi- 
on cal/edDoi'/j, one ofthefoure forwluch 
it was called r.-Zia^fi/i^jand ftandeth aboue 
Eriitsus, Stfib. lib. <}. 

Tfl'.cfts.aTowneand Wauen of Aiitca., 
fcruing for the /hipping oi Aihcm, in the 
middeft bctwecne Pf|*and Sunmm. Strab. 
lib, 8. diSaiu fi om Athem 40 furlongs. Thu- 
qd. lib. 2. Alfo a defart Hauen in the 
Territory of Com//;, the Vcir.oft towards 

Pirefia,3 City of r/;c//i.),necre the mouth 
of the Riuet I'eaeus. Exinterjrnte Orphe't Ar- 

Piuae, an Molique Ciiy in the ihore of 
Afu.Hcred. hb.i. betwcene Atarmn and 
the mouth of the Riuer Qmui. Strab, lib. 
13, AKo iCiiyof Mefftnis, on the con- 
fines of £/^. Strjb, lib. S. 

Pkltej, a City of BiM/i.i/euenty furlongs 
fromT/)fi«. Bctweenc thefc Cities run- 
neth the Riucr .Aiop:ii. 7 b.uyd. IJb. i. Vaiif. 
iuBaolicis. It ftandeth betueene Mount 
Cithitiou and Thebes, ncere the confines of 
Attica and Meg,xiu. Sirab. lib. 9. 

PltMim, a City o(Mtolit(, between Chal- 
CM and C<?/>itf«, vpon the Kiuer Eticnus, on 
ofthcRiucr.S/Mi./.i. 10. 

Polulma, aTownein the Continent of 
Afa, neere to Cla^merne. Thugd.Lb. 8. 

Poto, a village of the Locri O'^U, Thucyd. 
lib. J, 

Pefideum, a Temple dedicated to h^ep- 
tunc : and becaufc thofe Temples were for 
the moft patt in Promontories, and pla- 
ces open to the Sea,diuers Promontories 
hauebeenefo called. There is Pofideuma 
Promontory of Chius, oppofitc to the 
Promontory oiArgemm in Erythrxi, and 
betwcene the City cbiui and the Hauen 
PhtM.Slrab. lib. 14. Alfo'a Promontory 
ofthe Miltfiam, the vtmoft of 7o«i<j South- 
waiA Slr.ib. lib. 14. Alfo a Promontory of 
Samt, which with Mjcale in the Conti- 
nent,make the ftraight there of feuen 
furlongs ouer.S/Cfli, Itv. 14. Alfo a Pro- 

montory ofPfZ/Mf^necrc the City of A/w- 
da. Thuclib.j. Gf two Promontories that 
arc in I'aUene, (Canajlt^a being one) this is 
the Idler. /./«;,///>. 44, Alfo a Temple in 
the C<;m«;/;«;j Ifthmus, where were cclc- 
bijtcd the JjiJ/jw/jB Games. 

lutid.e,j, a City in P.ilkiit. Hcrodot, lib, 7, 
111 the very Ifthmus of it. Time. lib. i. Caf- 
/w.^;ei]saCity intheftrcightihatioincth 
."ctlenetoMacedeme, cnclol'edononc fide 
with the Tom:x.m B.iy ; on the other, with 
the.V/JCD/fl»M«Sca. Liu.tib, 44. Cifjivultci 
was formerly called Pi///'rfj;.j. i/wt. Ei:i.Ub. 

Totidit)ii.i, aChy of Jfjolia, on the con- 
fines of the Locri xoU. Thucyd. lib. 3 . 

Prafi^, a maritime City ofLacomu,in the 
Bay of .:;i'^<»,. Sirab. Lb, 8. Paufa/i. in Laconi- 
CIS, the laftiJfwiiwCity towards Argos, 
anddiftant from Cypbania 100 furlongs, 
fiuf. m Laconic u. AlfoaTowncin Attica, 
by the Sea fide towards Eiibcea, betwcene 
rboricus and Bramon. Strab. lib. 9. 

I'rcpcfintbm, an of the Cyclades. 
yidc Cyclades. 

Priapits, a City lying vpon Propomis, be- 
twcene taw/i/ja/j and the Riucr Grmicui, 

Prienc, an loniqut City in (fuc/a. Uerodot. 
lib.i, betwcene the mouth of Mteinda, 
and the Mountaine'Af7M!c. Strab. lib. 14. 

Vroconncfus, an Hand in Propontu, ouer a- 
gainft the fliore that is betwcene Parium 
and Pviapiis. Strab. lib. 13. 

Prone, aCicyoiCeplialkriia. Thuqd.lib.i. 
Strab. lib. 16, 

Propoiitis, the Sea betweene ilcUcfpom 
and foMiis Euxinus. Strab. lib 1, 

Frofcbion, a City o(JEtol:a, not far from 
FleuroHjbut more remote from the Sea. 
Strab. lib, i o. 

Frolc, an Hand ouer againft Mcfcnia, 
noi (arre from FiUs. Thucyd, lib. 4. 

rfyra, an Hand, diftant fifty fuilongs 
from HtUna a Prohiontorv ui Chius, Sirab, 
lib, 44. 

rfytiaUa, an Hand betweene the Conti- 
nent of -■*«/«, and the lie Salamis. Herod, 
lib. 7. . 

r fophU, a City o£ .Arcadia, in the Wcfl 
parts thereof, towards Achaia and Elis. Fo- 

f «/(«)■■;, a To, vne on the Sea ficie in £ 

Phthiatis,ihe South part oiThcfJ'aty, tea- 
ching in length to Mount Piw^tfs, and in 
breadth as farre as Fharfilm. Strab. lib. 9. 

Ptychia, c fmall Hand, ncere to the City 
Corcyra.lbiiqd.tib 4. 

Pydrta, a Macedonian City in Fieria, Stnib. 
Epit.lib. 7. oppofitc to itaw-iiK. 

Fyhi>,aCiiy o^McJfenia, in the Promon- 
tory CorypbaJium,di{[initiom''Mciboi!e loo 
furlongs. Fauf. in MiKcnicis, Thucyd. lib. 
4.5. Alfo a City of £&, at the confluent 
of F'cncHS and Laden, Fauf. Eliacoriimfecun- 

yydiiis, a.Riuer betweene Ab^dus and 
Dardaiius,Thucyd,lib.S. Itfeemcth to bee 
the fame which Strabo calleth Kbodms. l-'idc 

Fyrrhn, a Promontory of Afia the lefle, 
which with Gar^araf another Pronaontory; 

diftant from it no furIonc;s, m.ikctl) the 
Bay of A.iran.ytihim, properly lb called Al;baCityoft«fo,, onilu 
Sea- fide towardsCwf., diflant from Mi- 
tylene, which is on the other Sea, 80 iur- 
\ot^^i. Strab. lib. 13. Alfo n City of 7,«y 
in tile IM/nian B.iy. Strab lib. 14 


J^H.7W««j, a maritime Towne of Attica 
betweene Marathon and Oiopus, diftant 
from Marathon 60 furlongs. Faufan. in .At- 

Rhciti, certainc Brookes of fait water 
fijppofcd ro come from the Sea betwcene 
AllicaaudEiibxa, viidcr ground, as from 
the hither Sea, and ri(mg in Aliica, to fall 
intotheiar.viWBay, asalowcr Se.i, be- 
twcene Ftrxm and Ekir/i!. Paufin. in .'itiiiU 
& Coriaihiacis. 

Hbtnca, an Hand, foiire furlongs dift; 
fromDtfoj. Sirab. lib. 10. it lyccli before 
Delos, as SphacU;ia bclorc Fybis. FaiiL in fine 
Mejjlmnrum, To'ycrales Tyi aiir of Sawos, 
tyedittoXii'/oiwith a chaine. TkmyJ, lib. 

Kbiim.a Promontory oi Achaia,het^Necn 
Tatr-t and Rimm, which w.ih yintinbiuir., 
maketh the flraight of the Corinthian (Jt 
D7/&.i») Bay, offiue furlongs ouer. Strab 
lib. 8. Rhmm Acbaicum, and Amirrhium^ 
(which is alio called Rbium Molychricum) 
aretheiawej of tl-.c Corinthian Bay. Liny 

AWo/!;,aMountaine of! brace. * 

Khodius, a Riucr in the Hel/efpont, bc- 
twecne Abydus and Dard.wus. Sticb. lib.\ 3 , 

K/W;«,anllandin the Carpathian Sea, 
910 furlongs in compatle, inhabited by 
the Dorum. Strab, lib. 14. 

Kboeiium, a Ci ty o( HcL'cfpont, Thucyd, 
8. on the Sea- fide, between DaicLimm and 
Sigcum. Strab. lib. 13. 

Rbypeu a City ofAcbaia, ihiny furlongs 
from JEgiiim, Fauf. in Acbaicis, 

^■^'"j a City of the Samoihy.Ksans, in the 

ftiorc of Dorifcui. Hood. hb. 7. 

i".!;.jrj;j,a:ill3:)d .idjacent to Elcufis of 
A'.tica. Sirab, lib. S.'A'.i.-,'. m .<:u:k 

SaK,e,3 Cityinthciland {'cpbaHeniai, at 
the pafljgc betweene it and ithaca. Slab, 
lib, 10. 

Samid,aCitYofElis, a lirtlc aboue .'5'^ 
wi«w, betweene which Cities runneth 
the KiuerAwgrui.Fanf. Etiacm im ptimo. 

Samieum, amanciine City of £//i, the 
fitft beyond the Riucr \eda, ar the niouili 
ofthe Riucr Anigrus, i'auf. EtiaQoiiim pa- 


S.mntibus, a Towne o^ Argu, in the 
plaincs oi .Arm toward* Nemta, Thucyd. 

Samothracia,an Hand in the JEgcan Sea, 
ouet againft the mouth of the Riuet He- 
brus, Fltn, lib. 4. 

, Samiis, an Unique Hand, and City ofthe 
fame name. The Hand is fixe hundred 
furlongs about,afid Ffl/Winw a Promonto- 
ry thereof], not abcuc iiuen furloBg* from 

ihe Continent. The Cicy flandcth oi. 
J-.i South pari of it, at the Sca-()dc»5n<ti/, 

Stf'.T, a C;t/ in Pi-Hcne. Hmi. lb.?. 
<tr:ib. F.p'.!. L'b.j. Alio a Cicy by the /ide 
otihc Ditch made by .Vtr.vfi, in Mount // 
.'<«, without the fame, and to the Bay ot 
i";wj;-). HfJci. l.b. T.1hit)d.t!b 4. 

i.trf/w'i, the cliicte City of the i.)'y/ir.'!,fci 
tunte vniicr the Hill T/rc/w. StabM.ii. 
Through it runneth the Kiucr YMj^lm, 

Scamper, a Riucr of Tw-i', rifing in 
Mount/(i»,5(.v7Sf«, and Sctirarder meetc 
inaFcnnejandthcngoeoutinto the Sea 
by one Channell, at Sigtum, Sirtth, lib. 1 j. 

Scjr.diiiim, a Promontor)' of the Hand 
Cti, neere tha City Cm, oppofitc to Tnmc- 
riim, a Promontory of the Continsnc 

Scan.'f'!/!, a City in the Hand Cjthcn.Vmf, 

Scfp[ii,aChyof7rM!, in the highcft 
part of Mount Idj, Strxj. lib. 15 . 

Saone, a City in T.xHae. Herod, lib. 7. bc- 
tweenc /l!imk and SuTif, SUsb.£jin. lib. 7. 

Scr'ni-, the territory of Scirus, a Incenian 
Tov.'nc on the contiius oi'Pnirhapa in ^r- 
ci:ulia, nccre to C)ffUa, '[hucyd.hb.\, 

Sclhvua, a Hauen of the Territory of 
Cor'mih, at the narrowcfl part of the Irth- 
nnis, bctwecnc Coicbrex and Crommyon, 

Scchf!, a City of Cha'.adea, not far from 
O'plhus. Smb. lib. 9. 

Scomiii, a Mountainc in Thrace, out of 
which rifeththe Riucr Strymon. TbuqdM. 

Snnh:t>, an Hand in the li.gcan Sea, ly- 
ing before the territory of Maznt(ii.Sirab. 
l:b.^. lietwccne ScyniSnn and the Con- 
ti;iciit of Magncfii, there is a narrow 
ftraight. Hcj-(W./6.7. 

Sqllxum, a Promontory of rdopetwcfui, 
tlic bound of the Bay oiA>gO!,tovfMds Co- 

S'.py.f, an Hand in the X-gcan Sea , lying 
oucra{;3inftthe Continent of Migncfii, 
S'./ib. lib, 9. bctwecne Subxa and Laboi. 
Vhn. lib. 4. 

SelUfii, aTownc in t^cmi, bctwecnc 
Li-ri(i.w«»a'nd the Hill Vamahwi, whjch 
is theboundofi.iKa«Mand Argta. Vduf.'tn. 

StXymbr'm, a City oiTkace, by the fide of 

Scpi.ii, a Promontory ofMaincfu.Haod. 
ib.j. the beginning of the Vcgtiftan Bay. 

Seript-ia, an Hand, one of the Cyclfldci. 
inde qcUd£i. 

Senium, a Promontory; the vtraoft 
Hiwf. lib. 7. 

Snmyla, a City of Cbatcidei, vpon the 
rnrmmim Bay. Tfc;' Nam/ e/"Xcrxct bcihn.^ 
cotr.t4lbi)iittbeTio>^ry^rri[iAxii, paffi'ilry 
t'-rCe C\iiei, Torcne, Galepfus, Scrunyja, 
acc.Mcfod.lib.T . '■ 

^ T(';;« a City of the Thuciitn Otcrcmeptf, 

thirty furlong* from Abydin, but merer 

loTrn^nHifiYicnAhyiuii^. Snob lib. ij. 

Stdnxi, an Hand not farre from Mt'oi, 

on the Weft of the Hand /Oi. Slrab. lib. i o. 
S'cytr,, a City of Tflopimtefia, hctwceti^: 
CoTimh ind /Jc/'JMjdiflanta hundred tur 
longs from PWh/j, F.vif.hi Cuiinth. 

Si!l.ift,aTowneby the Sea-fide in E 
rjjhr^a. rlvicyd.lib. 8. 

Sigeu.i', a City and Promontory oiTro- 
■ti, at the mouth of the Kiuer Scwiandcr. 

Sigrhiin, the nioft northerne Promon- 
tory of the He Leibot, betwcene Erefm 
and Aitlil]j.Slrab.lib.i^. 

Shiwcii, a Riuer of T«.T.<,\vhich running 
into a Fennc, ioyncth there with the Ki- 
uer Scamandct, Sir.ib. lib, 1 3 . 

Sinpif, and tl c Bay ofSMgm, A Towne , 
and Bay taking name from it, betwcene 
Mount Alhoi and Torone. Hcrodotm, lib. 

Stnlh, a people about 
44. deuidcd from Paonm by the Moun- 
taine Ccrcinc, 7huc. lib. i. 

Sipb:e,i City of Koiato.vpon the Cr'i^xan 
Bay. Pauf.inBxiticii. 

Sipl'!i.i!,iin Hand, one of the CycUdes, 

S/»>r»j, 3 maritime Cityof/^^, in the 
Day called from it the Bay of Smyrna, be- 
yond Ch:(rimcm towards JE»!k, ^imb. 1. 1 4. 
Sdiiim, a maritime Towne of Aia/mma. 
Thiieyd,Uhot}afi.adlib 2. 

5par/i7, the fame with Loiedamon. Strab. 
lib, 10. l^ideLacedxmon, 

Spartohs, a City of theB««/>flw, on the 
border of the Chalcideant . Thi.c. iib. 1. 

Sperchcius, a Riucr that riltth in Dohpi.7, 
ataMountaine called Tymphcjtin, and fal 
leth into the >/f/fl« Bay, tcnnc furlong 
within rhermopyU. Strib. Mb. 9. 

SphiUeria, a little Hand lying before 
Pylui of Mcffma. Tbuiyd. lib. 4. 

Sporadts, Hands vpon the Coafl of Caria, 
and of Crete. Strab. lib, 8. 

Stagiru!,^Cszy in the Cay of Strymon, 
betwcene Argilia and Acanibiu. Herodol, lib, 

Stralm, a City of the Amphilochitim \nA- 
carnavid, vpon the Riuer Aehctom. Thnryd. 
lib.-}, two hundred furlongs from thcRi- 
uers mouth. Strab. lib. 10. 

Strpphadei, Hands oucr againfl Mcficnia, 
about 400 furlongs from the Continent. 
Sttah. lib, 8. 

Sliyma, a City on the Coaft of Thrace, 
next after Mcfcmbria, towards Macedonia, 
Hood. lib. 7. 

Sitymon, a Riuerdcuiding Thacc from 
^accdoriie. It rifcth in the Hil), 
rhucyd.lib.i. Itpaflcthby A" ph'ipo!:', on 
both fid .-s of it, and f.nllcth into the Sen at 
thcCny Eton. Hrrndot. lib.-;. It is faid to 
rife out of tjie Mountnine Kimdnpt. Strab. 
If't.tib. 7. But it is probable that thcHiU 
Sf rmim is part of R/;e(7n/>:\ 

Stymphalii', aC'ity of Arcadi/i; confiDing 
on the TerritoTy of Thliui.Paiif. inArcadi- 
cii Strab. lib. 8. 

S/)Trt, a City in Tuhaa, neere to thcCi- 
ty C^yltus. Strab. lib. I o. 

SiOTiKW, J Promontory and Towne in 
..4;/'ci, towards ^I'toa, betwcene the Sa- 
ronean Bay and the Sea towards Eitbaca, 

S!rab.lib.\o. and diftant from fA^ia three 
hundred furlon jjj. IdcK. lib, 9 , ' 

Sylmta, llanils bctwecne Uucimri:, a 
Promontory of Coicyra, and the Conti. 
rent, Sirab.lib, 7, Ihncyd. Lb. i. Alio a 
H.iiien by the Promontory of penmium, 
in the lame Continent, Thiicyd. lib, j. 

iymc, an H.ind oucr againfl the Conti- 
nent of Caiiit, bctwecnc Loryma and C/iidm. 

.'^ llandjone of the Cydadcs. l^ide 

'^JEtarm, ^Promontory of Laconia, bc- 
twecnc the Laccnian and the 
Bayes. Pat.f, in Laconicu. Alfo a maritime 
Ciiy of UcoKia, in the Mcffcniui Bay, di- 
flant from Tmirus the I'romontory forty 
furlongs. Pauf. in Laconicis. 

Tanagra, a City of Bccotia, confining on 
Attica, thirty furlongs from Atdii, a Hauen 
on the Eiibcean Sea. SItab.iib. 9. 

Taukntit, a People of INyrii, aboucD^ra- 
chiiim(or nfidamnus') Strab. lib. 7, Tbitqd, 
lib, I. 

T.imttu, a Mountainc of Laconia, be- 
ginning at the Sea, aboue Tbiiridcs, and 
reaching vp tovnrds .^fcadi^, as farrc as 
AmycU and laccd^emon. Strab. lib, 8. 

Ttget, a Ci:y of Arcadia, betwcene Argos 
and Laceikmim, Thucyd. tib.^.Hcrodot. lib,6. 
Polyb.lib,^. the Territory thereof confi- 
ncth with the .Argiuei at Hyf<e, with Lsco- 
m.i at the Riuer Alpheut, and with the Ter- 
ritory of //ji/fa at the HiMParmhiu. Pauf, 
in Afcad.Thcfc Cities of Pe!opmncfi{s,Argos, 
Tcgc/i,:ind JUantincit,tho{\^h mtich celebra- 
ted in Hiftory, arc placed with little con- 
lid eratioii ot any Hiftory, in all the Maps 
tlvt I haiie hitherto fcene. 

Tcichii/fa, a CafHe of the Milcfians in 
the Bay of JaU'in.Thmyd. lib. S. 

Tcte,anl] and oucr againftTriflp/ffw.Hcr. 
lib, 7. a narrow Hand, in circuit 140 fur> 
longs, adjacent to Ciiidui, Strab. lib. 10. 

Tcmnitum, a Towne in Argia, diftant 
from Argoi zfi fm]onvfi. Strab. lib. 8. from 
Nanplia yo furlongs. Corinth. 

Tcmpc, a plcalant Valley betwcene the 
MountainesO//i and Olympm: through 
runneth the KiaciPertcm.Hcrod.lib.j.Sirab. 
lib f.ljii.lib.ttn. 

longy.oppofitc to the Continent of Tro*^, 
at Achniim, berwccne Sigeum and Larijjii, 
and diflant from it 40 furlongs, Sttab. lib. 
■ 13- 

Tcmis, an Hand, one of the Cycladcs. P'idt 
• Cy-kdes. 

; rrw. a maritime City of Jowtf/cituate JO 
' the Ttrry Iflh/KM of the Erf thrtean Cberformt- 
/k^ jdiftant from Ltbedwi i xo furIong3.5/r<J&. 
lib. 14. 

; Termtriiim, a Promontory of the Minit- 
mi, oppofite to the He Cos, Smb. lib. 

f. Teii^tlp, an fland notftrre from Hafi- 
\cmvaffM.ThiicydM'.Z. ' 

Thaf[m,tt\ H»nd vpoW the Coaftr>f 
i r/wff,'bclfcadayesftylcfroin AttpUpcUs, 
, ThugH. lib. 4, 
I ncbu. 

7hib*,thc pnnc\p3]l City o( Bceotli, fci- 
tu.-itcncciethcKmcrs;/wMW and /ifopm. 
Sir-ib lib. 9, (iiflaiit ftom I'latiea 70. fur- 
longs.T/j«f;v/. /'''.».. 

Jhira, an Hand on the Coaft ai Cult, 
diftaiit from a Promontory thereof cal' 
ltd Pion, fcucnty furlongs, Strab lib. i o. 

Therajia, a fmill Hand ncere to Tbera. 
Sltab, lib. 10, 

Theme and the -fThermc is a City in the 

'rb:rm*.anl&:{f , jDottonic of the Tbtr- 
trnean Bay;and the fhitmaan Bay is prcfcnt- 
ly within I'alleHe. Hmd.Ub. 7. 

TittmepyU, the ftiaight entrance into 
Cieeceo\iio(Tbc!jMy, ofabout halfean A- 
crci brtjdth, bctweene the Mountaine 
Oeu and the Mclitin Bay.CaJlcd 7 hairm^yU, 
from hot atcrMhat rife there ^vhich the 
Crectam call Ibiniie,) and ftopi Gates 
made there by the Vhoaam in old time, 
(which they cnll I'yI.t ) Her»d. lib. 7. This 
ftrcight is diftant from Chalcii in Eubxa 
J30, furlongs. Suab.ib.y. 

Thc(pne,aCnyofBaslia, vndcr Mouut 
Helical, on the confines of the City ^liir- 
tui.fauf.inBsoiku. neerc to the Oi^*<i>t 

Thefp'otif, a maritime Rcgioh of Epin/!, 
bordering on the Ambradoies and Leucadi- 
. Hetiut, ib,S, The Cl'aom and Thijprt' 
U haue the whole coaft.from the Ccraunan 
Monntaines to the Bay oiAmbracu. Strab. 

Tbe!fa!ia, a Region o(Crtece, contained 
within the Mountaines O'ymp:0, Oifa, Veti- 
Herod, lib. j. where hee layeth out the 
bounds ofThelfafy exactly. 

lUoiictis, ainaritimc Towne o( ^ttiea, 
toward the Ettte^s Sea, next beyond the 
Promontory Suniiim.Strab.t. ^Vide Helena, 
T?ir<jfM,aKingdome bordering on Mtce- 
donic j3t the Riuer StiymoH, defcnbed at 
largebylfcKgt/./zfr. i. 

j T/jk'o, and •^hria or Thrio, a Towne 1 
I Ihriifij campi. S or Atcic.i, between Athens 
I and £/«(/(, oucr againft SMarnis, The | 
Fields belonging to It, are called TferMji/ 
C(t»>/>(,andthc Ihorc Thmjiiim litiu, Stmb. 

I 7'. roniitm, a City ofLocrii, vpon the Me- 
I /;j» Bay, bctweene the Promontory ^/le- 
I mides, and Tbeiwopjl-t. Stiab. lil>. 9. 
' Vmrid.ti, a City in the Me[j'e/iian Bay, the ' 
firft towards the Eaft, diilant trom the 
Promontory Ttenariu 70 furlongs. Vauf, in 

Ihiinum, a City Jof Laconii, 80 furlongs ; 
aboue Pfc<i>'«. Pauf.inMeffinicu. 1 

7 i)'j*jH, a Riuer of Hp/wj, diuiding T/;(f 
protis from C eftrine. Tbucyd. Mb. 1 . 

rbyamui, a Hill on the confines of A- 
grieii and Amphilochia, not farrc from W>go5 1 
AmfhiliKhiciim. Thucyd, lib. j . 
I 7'!)'i'f4,a maritime City, in the Bay of 
I Argns, in the Territory called Cy*i<va, It 
1 confiiicth on .Argia and Laconta, 7 bucydjib, 
^ 5. and on the Territory of Tegea, fai,(. in 
i Arcadicii, 

\ Thylius, a City in Mount Athos. Thiic. lib. 
4. Hergd Lb. 7. 

I Ticbiiim, a City ofJEtolia, in the part in- 
habited by the .^p-jdoti.Tbiiy.lib. 8. 
I TiWwriU, a City in the top of Pernajfiis, 
called alfoT^ton, 8o furlongs from Ddpii, 
' Paiif. in I'hocicis, 

I TrKoluf, a Mountaine bctweene the Ri- 
uer Cdyjlriis and the City oiSardes. Herod, 
lib. <i. Sardcs ftandeth at the toote of 7mo- 
/(«, and out of this Hill rikth the Riuer 
: PaClolm. Strab. Ub. 1 5. 

Tol(iphe»yZ City o{ the LocriO'^lie. Tbuc. 
, ''''• ? • 

Tomciu, a Hill neere to Tjlut in Mejfenia. 
Tbucyd. lib, 4. 

Torone, and n Toroiu is a Cbalcidique City, 
the Bay of > betweene the Singitique 
Torotte. J and Icronxan Bayes^necre 

the Promontory Amptlwi. Herod lib. 7. Tlie 
place of the 'Innnman Bay is vnuirftond 
out of /.(/((■, //1.44. where he faith, th .t Uf 
fandtea (or Potidxu ) rtandtth bciwccne 
the Macedonian bca, and the Bay of Tonne. 

Tragi.r^ an Hand ncerc to Samo<. Thud, 
I . rM£<*,llanils abuut MiUtHi. Sitab lb. ; 4. 

7>Ki/v.i///, a Promontory of the Cuidiam, 
Thuc lib -i. Vide fwdiii. 

TriporZ/ffrM, a Village o( Me^arU. Thuqd. 
lib. 4, 

TrirM, a City of .Uhia, remote from 
the Sea, diftant from /■/'/ii'.f no fuilongs. 
Paiif iii.ichaicu. tAio a City of the I.oui 0- 

Troa.<, a Territory of /^^.j the Icfle, vp- 
on the fide of the JE^_^£an Saa, bctweene 
JEolii aMUitkipoiil. Strab. lib. 13. 

r>ai7^M, a mjiitinie City of Argia, the 
vtmoft in the Bay of Henmone. Sttab, tib.S, 
confining on Epidauria. Paufan. in Coriu- 

Triiia- yide Jlium. 

Troejliiim, a Promontory, and foot of 
the Mountaine Mycale, oucr ag.uuft the 
He Sdiwos, which with To/i earn a Promon- 
tory of (hat lie, makcrth the ftreight 
cHcuen fuilongs oucr. Sirab.lih.i^. 

fyrjgxtbtu, an Hand oucr againft Ptlo- 
poii/ufia. Strab, lb, to. Now called 

Z(t<'f.v,a maritime City of /.afo;j/,7,diftant 
on one fide from Epia.ntruf LiK^y.i loo fur- 
longs, snd from Cyph.iina on the other 
fide, fixteens Furlongs. Tai/f in Ljicomcii, 

Zc.'tw, aCity vndcr Mount /ifj. toward 
TropontU, diflant from Crocus 190. fur- 
longs,and from the Sea 8o.ful:longs.S/rij6, 
lib. 13. 

Zom, a City on the fliore of Vmifcm in 



ioaniiinigj li. 





q: , !, :'^-'' 




The principalt Contents* 


The eflate o/Greece, deriuedfrom the remote ft knowtie Antiquity 
thereof, to the beginning of the Peloponnefian Warre. The Oc- 
cafion and Pretexts ofthU Warre^ ari^ngfrom the Controuefjies 
of the Athenians with the Corinthians, concerning Corcyrs, 
and Potida^a. The Lacedemonians, inftigdted by the Cmfe- 
deratesj Undertake the Warre ; not fo much at their infligation, 
as ofenuie to the greatneffe of the Athenian Dominion. The 
degrees by -vohich that Dominion yvaj acquired. The Warre ge- 
rteraSy decreed by the Confederates at Sparta. The Demands of 
the Lacedemonians . The obdinacy of the Athenians ; and 
their Anfwer, by the aduice 0/ Pericles* 

HFCrVlDES^n Athenian, wrote 
the Warre of the Peloponnef.ans and 
the Athenians:, * as they warred a- 
gainfl: each other ^ beginning to 
write, as fqone as the Warre was 
on foot, with expedatlon it fhould 
proue a great one, and mort wor- 
thy the relation, of all that had 
beene before it .- Coniefturing fo 
much, both from this,, that they flourifhedon b6th fides 
V-. ' '■' B in 


The Hi/lory of Thv CYD IDES. Lib.i. 

»':/.'» »r;''f Grecians, r» 


To tnakeitjppearethat 
this Warre was greaicr 
then any before it, ihc 
.-aithor-fljcwcth the ico- 
brciility ot fern'cr liaies; 
Hckribiiie;. Periods; 
I From ihe beginning of 
the Oitcid" nrirmor)', to 
the Wane oiTtm. » The 
Wjneitfelfe. j The 
tin-.e from theme, to the 
prelent VVarte which he 
writ th. 

Ihc nateof Grcffebe- 
f<.re (he TtHM Waire. 
* (jrecce. 

1 "^oi-w -Iri^'t. Vk hat- 
Icucr i^eftjinatcdby 

* Tklerrhnrj efifx Athc- 

MinCirt.foc'Urd, fiom 
Atihis, the Diu'JiUr tf 

* Tht Athenians Uad an »- 
fn'cnel thtt.fduo, tfjut 
it-ey rvtiinttdiptndcdfrom 
olhtr SiUU9i,bKtlh.1ltlxir 
Mulim\ vfvre niti tht Inl i- 
i/jirfxifAtrirj : vherifme 


nail iiLiniierotprouition: and alio becaufe heefawcheA 
rd\ of Greece , Tiding with the one or the other Fad:i- 
on ; fome then prefently, and fome intending fo to doe. 
For this was certainely the greatell Commotion that euer 
happened amongd the Grm^wj, reaching alfo to part of 
the * Barbiiriansy and, as a man may fay, to molt Nati- 
ons. For the Adiions that preceded this, and thole againe 
that are yet more ancient, though the truth of them, 
through length of time, cannot by any meanes cleerely be 
difcoucred j yet for any Argument that ( looking into 
times farric pall) I haueyet light on to perfwade me, I doe B 
not thinke they haue beene very great, either for matter of 
Warre, or ocherwife. 

For it is euidenc, that that which now is called * Hellas^ 
was not of old conllantly inhabited j but that, at firft, 
there were often remouals , eusry one eafily leauing the 
place of his abode, to the violence alwayes of Ibme greater 
numbt^r. For whiles Trafficke was not, nor mutuall en- 
tercourfe, but with feare, neither by Sea nor Land j and 
cuery man fo husbanded the ground, as but barely to Hue 
vpon it, without any * llockc of * Riches j and planted q 
nothing, (becaufe it was vncertaine when another fhould 
invade them, and carry all away, elpecially, not hauing 
the defence of WallsJ but made account to be Mailers in 
any place, of luch necellary fullenance, as might ferue 
them from day to day , they made little difficulty to change 
their habitations. And for this caufe, they were of no a- 
bility at all, evther for greatnefle of Cities, or other pro- 
uilion. But the fattell Soyles were alwaies the moft fub- 
iecft to thefe changes of Inhabitants ; as that which is now 
called Lhefjdia^ and Bccotia, and thegreatefl: part of Pelo-'D 
ponne,w, (except Arcadia) and of the reft of Greece, what- 
foeuer was moll fertile. For, the goodnefle of the Land 
increafing the power of fome particular men, both caufed 
Seditions, (whereby they were ruin'd at home) and with- 
all, made them more obnoxious to the infidiation of llran- 
gers. From hence it is, that * AtticaS'^om great antiquity, 
forthcRerility of theSoyle, free from Seditions, hath 
beene inhabited euer by tne fame * People. And it is none 
of the leaft euidences of what I haue faid. That Greece^ by 
reafon of fundry tranfplantations, hath not in other parts £ 
receiued the like augmentation. For, fuch as by Warre, 


Lib.i. The BiJiGry of Tnv CY DID Es, 

A or Sedition, were driuen out of other places, the moft po- 
tent of them, as to a place of (lability, retired themfelucs 
to Ath^s ', where receiuing the Freedoine of the Citty, 
they long fiilce fo increafed the lame in number of People, 
as ^mf<?, being incapable of them it felfe, they lent out 
Colonies into Ionia. 

And to me,the imbeciliity of ancient times, is not a lit- 
tle demonftrated alio by this [that folio weth.] For before 
the Trojan Warre, nothing appeareth to haue beene done 
by Gnece in Common ; nor indeed was it, as I thinke, cal- 

B led all by that one name oiHellcUi nor before the time of 
H^/7^», the fonne of DtfMc<j//o», was there any fuch name at 
all. But pdajgicum (which was the farthell extended) and 
the other parts, by Regions, receiued their names from 
their owne Inhabitants. But Hellen and his Sonnes being 
ftrong in phtb'totu, and called in, for their ayde, into other 
Cities ; thefe Cities,becaufe of their converfing with them, 
began more particularly to be called HeQenes: and yet could 
not that name of a long time after prevaile vpon them all. 
This is €onied:ured principally out of Homer -, for,though 

Q borne long after the Tro\an Warre, yet he giues them not 
any where that * name in generall ; nor indeed to any, but 
thofe^ that with Achilles came out o^Phthiotu^ and were the 
firft io called. But in his Poemes,he mentionenh Danaans, 
ArgiueSySLud Acbceans-yUor doth he likewilc vfe the word Bar 
barians j becaufe the Grecians^ as it feemeth vnto me, were 
not yet diftinguifhed by one common name of Hellenesp^- 
pofitely anfwerable vnto them. The Grecians then, ney- 
ther as they had that Name in particular by mutuall en- 
tercourie, nor after, vniverlally lo termed, did euer before 

D the Trojan Warre, for want of ftrength and correfpon- 
dence, enter into any Action, with their Forces ioyned. 
And to that Expedieioii they came together , by the 
meanes of Navigation, which the moft part of Gr^^ahad 
now receiued. 

For Minos was the moft ancient of all, that by repoft we 
know to haue built a Nauy : and he made himlelfe JVIa- 
ller of the now * Grecian Sea. -, and both commanded the 
lies called Cyclades, and alfo was the firft that fent Colo- 
nies into moft of the fame, expelling thence the Carians, 

E and eonftituting his owne Sonnes therefor Gouernours, 

and alio freed the Seas of Pirates, as mucli as hee could, 

Br for 


* rhe tigmttf Hellenes not 
giumtoalltl>fO[ectan% in 
the time that Hooim iviM 
hh PMrntt, 

The Tr^'im Warre was the 
firft Enterprife where 
the Greiism combined 
thoic foicCK 

M'mot, King ofCrett, the 
firft that had a Nauy, 

• B tfote thai ti/xe, it rr tf 
call td the Cariin Sea, 

T/3^ Hi/lory of Thv CYDIVES. JLib. i. 

A DigTcflion,touchinc 
the Piracie & Robberies 
ofoMtimc; with ether 
Notes of SaulvagcntlTc. 

Robbinghai in honour. 

* In iifi'mU'm to the other 
LocrianSjCai/f(/ Opuntij, 

Continnill wearing of 
Armour jn fafliion. 

The /f/kniawJ grew fitA 

ihtmfelua lo he fjirmgfrom 
ll^e trmndthe) liued tn, 
»rvf the Gralhoppcr ftr 
a rmde ofCigv^et^bcctufi 
tiijt Beall h thtught to be ge- 

tor die bwtcer comming in (as is likelyj othis ovvne Re- A 

For the Grecians in old time, and llich Barhmms as, in 
die Continent, liued necre vntothe Sea, or clfc inhabited 
the Hands, after once they beganne to croiTe ouer one 
to another in Ships , became Theeues , and went a- 
broad vnder the conduct of their mod puillant men, both 
to enrich themfelues, and to fetch in maintenance for the 
vveake.-and falling vpon Towns vnfortified, and fcattcring- 
ly inhabited, rifled them, and made this the belt meanes 
of tiieir lining j Being a matter at that time no where in B 
dilgrace, but rather carrying with it fomething of glory. 
This is manifefl by fome that dwell on the Continent, a- 
mongfl whom, fo it be performed Nobly, it is flill ellee- 
med as an Ornament. The fame alfo is prooued by fome 
of the ancient Poets, who introduce men queftioning of 
fuch as laile by, on all Coafts alike, whether they bee 
Theeues, or not 5 as a thing neyther fcorned by fuch as 
wereasked, nor vpbraidedbythofe that were defirous to 
know. They alfo robbed one another within the maine 
Land : And much oi Greece vfeth that old cullome, as the q 
Locrians called O^oU, the ^carnanitws, and thofeof the 
Continent in that quarter, vnto this day. Moreouer, the 
fafhion of wearing Iron, rcmaineth yet with the people 
of that Continent, from their old Trade of Theeuing. 

For once they were wont throughout all Greece^ to goe 
armed, becaufe their Houfes were vnfenced, and travailing 
was vnlafe , and accuflomed themfelues, like the Barba- 
rians, to the ordinary wearing of their Armour. And the 
Nations of Greece that liue fb yet, doe teftifie, that the 
fame manner of life was anciently vniverlail to all the reft. D 
Amongft whom, the Athenians were the firfl: that laid by 
their Armour,and growing ciuill, pafled into a more ten- 
der kinde of life. And fuch of the Kich as were any thing 
flcpped into yeeres, layd away, vpon the fame delicacie, 
not long after, the fafliion of wearing liniien Coates, and 
* golden Grafhoppers, which they were wont to binde 
vp in the lockes of their haire : from whence alfo the fame 
Fafliion, by reafon of their affinity, remained a long time 
in \ fe amongft the ancient Idnians. But the moderate kind 
of Garment, and conformable to the wearing of thefe E 
times, was firfl taken vp by the Laced.€momans i amongft 


The Htjiorte o/Thvcvdides, 


A whom alfOjboth in other things, and cfpecially in the cul- 
ture of their bodiesjthe Nobility obfcrucd the moll equa- 
lity with the Commons. The lame were alio the hrii, 
that when they were tocontend in the * Oljmpich Games, 
flript theml'elues * naked, and anoynted their bodies with 
oyntment : whereas in ancient times, the Champions did 
alfo in the Olympkke Games vfe Breeches ; nor is it many 
yeeres lince this cullomeceafed. Alio there are to this 
day amongft the B^r/'^r/<;«j,efpeeially thole of ^/la, Prizes 
propounded of fighting with Fills, and of Wrellling , and 

B the Combattants, about their priuie parts, weare Breeches 
in the Exercife. It may likewife by many other things 
bee demonrtrated, that the old Greekes vfed the lame forme 
of \ik, that is now in force amongft the Barbarians of the 

As for Cities, fuch as are of late Foundation, and fince 
theincreafe of Navigation, in as much as they haue had 
fince, more plenty of riches, haue beene wailed about, and 
built vpon the Shore j and haue taken vp Jftbmt^ [that is 
to fay, neckes of Land between Sea and Sea] both for Mer- 

C chandile, and for the better flrcngth againft Confiners. 
But the old Cities, men hauing beene in thofe times, for 
the mofl part, infefled by Theeues, are built farther vp, 
as well in the Hands, as in the Continent. For others al- 
io that dwelt on the Sea fide, though not Sea^men, yQt 
they molefled one another with Robberies V and euen to 
theie times, thofe peopk are planted vp high in the 

But thefe Robberies were the exercife elpecially of the 
Ilandcrs ; namely, the Camns^ and the Phoenicians: for by 

D them were the greateft part ofthe* Hands inhabited. A 
teftimony whereof, is this .- The Athenians^ when in this 
prefent * Warre they hallowed the He of D^/oj, and had 
digged vptheSepulchers of the Dead, found that morej 
then halfeof them wtT^cCarians, * knowne fo to bee, botK j 
by the armour buried with them, and alfo by their manner ! 
of burial! at this day. And when JMinos his Nauy was ^ 
once afloat, Nauigators had the Sea more free ; For hee 
expelled the Malefactors out of the Hands, and in the moft 
of them, planted Colonies of his owne» By which means^ 

E they who inhabited the Sea-coaft:s, becomming mor^i ad- 

didled to Riches, grew more conftahtto their dwellings ; 

■ B 5 of 

* Fxerdfii ofd'iuenl-tnm 
hifluutcd !i honour cf lupi- 
tcr.afOlympia ;» I'clo- 
l)onnc(Liv, to rvh'tcU refurlcd 
jiid-i out of Greece. 04 CM- 
tended (uVrtKSi, ^ 

* 7hh PD.a pethapi tin caiifl: 
rthyit w..-.< a capital! crime, 
for H'o'Htn 10 be Spiil.iturs 
oftbt Oljfrnpiilic cstrafu. 

The Cities oibrme^t^ 

The CtiUm ani p}-ee>i'f!y. 
ans, weic ihofc chat conJ^ 
inittcd the mod robbe- 
* The Cydadesi 

* yideLtb,^. in the be^nt^ 

* rht Cxiira huvigitt- 

vcntedthe Crtlhfthc H:U 
Kct, and the handle of the 
Target, and atfa ibc drawing 
oflmagei on their Lir^eit, 
hid therefore a Hebnet jnd 
a biitfcd mth them, 
andhad their headi lad 19^ 
ward} the mfl. 

6 I The Hijlory of T HV cr DID Es, Lib.i 

The AAien ofTrof. 

* The SimtefSut)H,lb< 
S^ae of Pe\o^i. 

* The tpimtn i9as,tbiit Tyn- 
iatt\ii,lhe TdthercfHclc' 
na, tielftan Oith of til hu 
Vdufbleriiuttrs, tbatifvit- 
lence veai dtr.e ti him that 
fiio^ld Mpi u revalue it. 
Andthtt Menelauj hming 
msniedbtr, and Paris tbt 
Troy tJ^oi (xr ini'.i)', Aga- 
memnon, m the behalf: tf 
Ivi Brother Menelaus, drew 
them bjtku Oath It the 
Suijief Mium. 
Peltfe>t>ufiu,{o called from 

The increafc of the pow- 
er of the P</«;iiw. 

* ^Ifindrcdardriuief 
TAo FamHj rvM perfecuttd bj 
Euriftheus, whownofibt 
H'oft of Perfcus, attd dri- 

! utn intt Attica, iltithtr ht 
f.[lnmrg them, w.w/laine 
by the Athenians. 

* hdidataiSfihe Meihtr ef 
Euriftheus, Wrf« Atrcui <»« 

•Atieuj Mud Thyeftes, 
Sar.ifti n/Pelops, at til 
impklfim of their Unhtr, 
Jim ifeia Cryfipput, who 
W.-tstI:ea balft Brtthr, 
yiz.bjtheTtthet; tndfer 
thiijaUt htlcui jltd I* 
^treui King oiMjceiut, 
•fter the «!eath ofTeltfS. 
% Ttt Sepme o/"Aireui, 

of whom , fome growne now rich , compallcd their A 
Townes about with Walls. For out of delire of gainc,the 
meaner Ibrt vnderwent fervitude with the mighty; and 
the mighty with their wealth, brought the lefler Cities 
into fubiedtion. And fo it came to pafle, that rifing to po- 
wer, they proceeded afterward to the Warre againft Troj, 
And to meeit ieemeth, that * Agamemnon ^ot together 
that Fleet, not lb much for that hee had with him the 
bSuters of Htf/tfW4, bound thereto by oath to TyndarcM, as 
for this, that hee exceeded the relt in power. For they 
that by tradition of their Anceftours, know the moftcer- B 
tainetyof the Adis of the Tehponnefians, lay. That firft, 
Pelops,by the abundance of wealth which he brought with 
him out oiAfiay to men in want, obtained fuch power a- 
mongft them, as, though hee were a Stranger, ytt the 
Countrey was called after his name. And that this power 
was alio increafed by his Pofterity : For, Ewiflhetu being 
flainein Attica, by the ^ HeracUides, Jitrew, that was his 
d Vncle by the Mother, (and was then abiding with him 
as an exiled perfon, for feare of his Father, for the * death 
ofchryfippiu) and to whom Euriftheus, when he vndertookc Q 
the Expedition, had committed Mycenae, and the gouern- 
ment thereof, for that he was his Kinfman ; when as Ewi- 
flhetuamcnot backe, (the JMycenians being willing to it, 
for feare of the Heracleides, and becaufe he was an able man, 
and made much of the Common people) obtained the 
Kingdomeof J^j^r^^, and of whatfoeuer elfe was vnder 
Euriftheui, for himfelfe : And the power of the « pdopeides 
became greater then that oi the ^ pzr[eides. To which 
greatneflc g Agamemnon fucceeding, and alio farre excelling 
the reft in Shipping, tooke that Warre in hand, as I con- £) 
ceiueit, andaflembled the laid Forces, not fo much vpon 
feuour, as by feare. For it is cleere, that he himfelfe both 
conferred moft Ships to that Ad:ion, and that fome alfo 
hee lent to the Arcadians. And this is likewife declared by 
Horwtfr(ifany thinkehis teftimony fufficient) who, at the 
deliueryofthe Scepter vnto him, calleth him, Of many 
lies, and of all Argos King. Now he could not,liuing in the 
Continent jhauebeene Lord of the Hands, other then fuch 
as were adjacent, which cannot bee many, vnlefle hee had 
alfo had a Nauy. And by this Expedition, we are to efti- £ 
mate what were thofe ot the Ages before it. 


Lib» I. ^ he Hijtorte o/Thvcydide^. 

A Now feeing JMycem was but a fmall CitIc,or If any o- 
ther of that Age feeme but of light rcgard,ict not any man 
for that caufe, on fo wealce an Argument, thinke that 
Fleet to haue beene lefle then the Vocts haue iiid^ and 
Fame reported it to bee. For, if the City of Laced<emon 
were now dcfolate, and nothing of \t left, but the Tem- 
ples, and floores of the buildings, I thinke it would breed 
much vnbeliefc in pofterity long hence, of their power, 
in comparifon of the Fame. For although of * fiue parts 
of P-/oponne(M, it poflefle * two, and hath the leading of 

B thercrt, and alio of many Confederates without; yet the 
Citic being not dole built, and the Temples and other £- 
difices notcollly, and becaufe it is but fcatteringly inhabi- 
ted, after the ancient manner ofGreecey their power would 
feeme inferiour to the report. Againe, the fame things 
happening to Athens, one would coniecfture by the fight 
of their Citie, that their power were double to what it is. 
Wee ought not therefore to bee incredulous, [concerning 
the Forces that went to Troy,] nor haue in regard lb much 
thcexternall lliew of a Citie, as the power : but we are 

(J to thinke, that that Expedition was indeed greater then 
thofe that went before it, but yet ihferioLr to thole of the 
prefent A^e -, if in this alfo we may credic the Poetry of 
Homer, who being a Poet, was like to fet it foorth ' to the 
vtmoft. Andyeteuen thus it commeth fhort. For hee 
maketh it to confift of izoo. Veflels ; thofe that were 
ox Boeotians, OLrryln^ \zo. men apiece, and tho/e which\vkhphilo6ieteSy 50 Setting forth,as I fuppofc, both 
thegreateft fort, and the leaft, and therefore of the big- 
nefleofanyof the red, hee maketh in his Catalogue, no 

£) mention at all : but declareth, that they who were in the 
Veflels ofphtloBaes; ferued both as Mariners and Souldi- 
ers ; for he writes, that they who were at the Oare, were 
all of them Archers. And for fuch as wrought not, it 
is not likely that many went along, except * Kings, and 
fuch as were in chiefe authority, cfpecially being to pafle 
the Sea with Munition of Warre, and in Bottomes with- 
out Dxkes, built after the old and Peiraticall falhion. So 
then, if by the greateftand leaft, one eflimate the meane 
of their Shipping, it will appeare, that the whole num- 

E ber of men confidered,as fent ioyntly from all Greece, were 
not very many. And the eaufe heereof was not fo much 


Mycntte, though no [;ic: 
<-itie, yet was of great 

• l.tacotM. t. Arcedit. j. 

At or en. 

* Lactma, Mcffnia, 

( The Cit jr of 5;n»m IcfTc, 
I and the Ciiyot /<'''*»!, 
I grcaccr,then for the pro- 
portion of thsir power. 



aad lb: I'l^e. 

* The vfhiilt number of men, 
ejlim.ui.ig tit Shifi it a me- 
dium ucarry t^.mtnip'uct, 
vphich :( the meant biiweeiu 
1 13. <md<;o, come to 
I oiooo. men, ciified m 
ibefe izQo. Ships. Tettbt 
.A^ that mallei it a light Mat- 
ter in refpefi oftbeptfent 

The pouerty of the 
why ih"T>ouniCou\i 
fo long hold &ut. 

The ftate of Gr««, after 


BfUfM.moie ancieitly 

The JauMsytzrc the Co 
loniet <j[ the AibtMtni. 

The Hi/lory 0/ T h v cy D i d e sv h\h, u 

want of men, as of wealth. For, for wantofvi6tuall,dicy /i 
carryed the kiicr Army, and no greater then they hoped 
might both follow the Warre,. and alfo maintaine it lelfe. 
When vpon their arriuall, they had gotten the vpper hand 
in flight, (which is manifcll; for ,eire they' could not hauc 
fbrxihed their Campejit appeares,that from that time for- 
ward, they employed not there their whole power, but 
that for want of vicluail, they betooke themlelues, pare 
oftiiem to the tillage of C/;^r/i?«^/<<:tf, and part to fetch in 
Booties : whereby diuided, the Trojans tlie more eafily 
made that tenne yeeres refiftance ; as being cuer a Match B 
for fo many as remained at the Siege. Whereas, if they 
had gone furnifhed with Itore of prouifion, and with all 
their Forces, eafed of Boothaling and Tillage, fince they 
were Mailers of the Field, they had alio eafily taken the 
Citie. But they l\roue not with their whole power, but 
onely with fuch a portion of their Army, as at the feue- 
rail occafions chanced to bee prefcnt ; when as, if they had 
prefled the Siege, they had wonne the place, both in lefle 
time, and with lelfe labour. But through want of money, 
not onely they were Ajvcake matters all that preceded this Q 
Enterprize j but alio, this, (which is of greater name then 
any before itj^ppearenh to bee in faft, beneath the Fame, 
and reporc^^wlii^hy by. tn<?^wes<)f the Poets, nowgoeth 
of it. . ...oi;-; :' ■..,;.-> :; ■■■ ; r' .- , '.'ir 

For alio after the Trojan Warre, the Grecians continued 
dill their fhiftiegs, and tranlplantations ; infomuch as ne- 
uer refling, they improued not their, power. For the late 
returne of the Greekes from }lium, caufed not a little inno- 
uation; and in moflof the Cities thei-e arofe feditions; 
and thofe which were driven out, built Cities for them- D 
felues in other places. For thoie that are now called B(£0' the fixtieth yeere after the taking of Tro;', expelled 
^rne by the Thef^alians, feated themfelues in that Country, 
which now Boeotiat was then called Cadmei^. (But there 
was in the fame, a certaine portion of that Nation before, 
of whom alfo were they, that went to the Warfare of 
Troy.) And in the eightieth yeere, the Dorcans together 
with the Htracleides , fcazecl on Pdoponnefw. And with 
much adoe, after long time, Greece had conltant reft j and 
ftiifting their ieates no longer, at length fent Colonies a- £ 
broad . And the ^rbeniam planted Idnia, and moft of the 


Lib.i. The hi/icrj of T HV c If DID ESi 

A Hands 5 and che Pehponnefians, moiYo? J talv, and Sic:Iy, and 
aliocercaine parts of the re(l of Greece. But thefe Colo 
nies were all planted after the Trojnn Warre. 

But when the power o^ Greece was now Jmprooued, 
and the delh-e of money witliall, their reucnues beini^ 
enlarged, in moll of the Cities there were - ereifted 
Tyrannies : (for before tiiat time, Kingdomes with ho- 
nours hmited. were hereditary .J And the Grecians built 
Nauies, and became more krioully addicTted to ^the af- 
faires of the Sea.: The Corinthians are faidto haucbeen the 

B firit that changed the forme of (hipping, into the neerelt 
to that which is now in vfe ; and at Corinth are reported to 
haue beene made the firfl Gallies of all Greece. Now k is 
weilknowne, that Amiyjdeles the Ship-wright o^ Corihth, 
built 4. Ships at Samos. And from the time that i/w/«or/^j 
went to Samos, vntill the end of this preient Warre, are at 
the mod but 300- yeeres. And the mofl: ancient nauall 
Battaiie that we know of, was fought betweene the * Co- 
rinthians and the Corcyr^ans^ and from that Battaiie to the 
fame time, are butt 60. yeeres. For Corinth fea ted on an 

C l^lhmw, had beene alwaies a place of Traffique 5 becaufc 
the Grecians of old,. from within and without Peloponne/iu, 
trading by Land more then by Sea, had no other inter- 
courfe one to another, but thorovv the CorinthiansTerrizory. 
And was alfo wealthy in money ,as appeares hy the Poets, 
who hauefurnaraed thisTowne the Rich. And after the 
Grecians had Comerce alfo by Sea,then likewife hauing fur 
nifhedthemfelueswithaKauy,they Icowredthe Sea of 
Pirates , and affording Traffique both by Sea. and. Land 
mightily increaled their City in reuenue of money. After 

D this, the Idnians in the times of Cyrw, firll: King of the 
Perfians, and of his Sonne Cambyfes, got together a great 
Nauie, and making warre on Cyrus, obtained for a time the 
dominion of that part of the Sea thatlyethon their owne 
Coaft . Alfo Poly crates, who in the time of Camkyfcs^Ty- 
rannized in Sams, had a ftrong Nauy, wherewith he'iub- 
dued divers of the Hands 5 and amongft: the reft, hauing 
wonne Rhenea, hee confecrated the lame to Apollo of Delos. 
The * ]?hoc^ans likewife, when they were building the 
Citty of JMarieilks, ouercame the CartbaFineans in a fieht 

E.atSea. ; •.' ; • \■^■ 
Thefj were the greatcfl: Nauies e^xiiftTJ arid yet''duen 
. . , .. <^ __thefe 

Ths'diff.Tf rif e bttwe^e 
Tyr.'^hrty/sntirrfjair-' ' 


At C(«i»i'& were mac'e th: 
firft TnrfCTti, or Gallici 
ot three tire of Onrcs, 

* F.J tl'ii h eppcna, ihjt 
Thucydidci ant-liiitdtht 
rvhok ii'arrc. 

* By Periander, tbeTyrant 
of Corimh, for the fljughtcr 
cfhu Sonne Lycopluon. Thalia. 

The meanes of the 
wealth of Cocirt^. 

Cmnlb furnanicu tin Rich. 

The Uwam had j Nauy 

Volpittes Tyrant ofSjwM, 
had a Nauy in the time 

* The Photxans in ihetime 
ofraiquinius, eJme into 
the Mouth o{'Tyher, cntrcd 
moamtty wilbthe Ro- 
mans, <iW/''cwe rvent and 
bmll MxrCciWcsarKom/lthf 
Saua-c Xal:ens,cfihcLi^u- 
riansjMi/Gaulct. luftiQ. 


MeJcx ««/Pcr(isn« if(d 
Ikct i-mmilcuoafly lit l>\z- 

bitd 10 tb* Vcif^ni. 



The ftupping o(6retce 
very mtaaebcloic this 

The fanf« why the Crt- 
eunn r.cucr io) ned their 
fotces in any great 

The fB»/«m'«pt downe 

I The Hijiorj of TnvcY DID ts. Lib.i.j 

hefe, though many Ages after the time of Troy,con[ii\ed A 
is it feemes,but of a few Gallies,and were made vp with 
7efll4sof fiftie Oares, and with long Boates, as well as 
chofe of former times. And it was but a little before the 
* Medofi W'arre, and death of DariWy fucceilor ofCamhyfes 
in the Kingdome of pgr(ia, that the Tyrants of Sicily, and 
the C or cyr^eans hadof Galliesany number. For thefe * lalt, 
were the onelyNauics worth /peaking of, in !l\[ Greece, 
before the invaiion of the SHedcs. And the People of 
Ae^ina, and the Athenians had but fmall ones, and the mod 
of them confiiling but of fifty Oares apiece 5 and that fo g 
lately, as but from the time, that the ^th^ians making 
Warre on Atgina^znd withall expecting the comming of 
the Ba^ barian,zt the perfwafion of Themiflocles, built thols 
Ships, which they vied in that Warrc ; and thefe alfo, 
not all had Deckes. 

Such were then the Nauies of theGrif^A^j, both ancient 
and moderne. Neuerthelefle, fuch as applyed themfelues 
to navall bufinelTe, gained by them no fmall power, both 
in reucnue of money, and in dominion ouer other people. 
For with their jNauies(efpeciallv thofe men that had not q 
fufficient Land, where they inhabited, to maintaine them- 
feluesj) they fubdued the Hands. But as for Warre by 
Land, luch as any State might acquire power by, there 
was none at all. And fuch as were, were onely betweene 
Borderer and Borderer. For the Gr^c/dwj had neuer yet 
gone out with any Army to conquer any Nation far from 
home 3 becaule the lefler Cities, neither brought in their 
Forces to the great ones,as Subiedls, nor concurred as £- 
quals, in any common Fnterprize ; but fuch as were neigh- 
bours, warred againll each ocher^hand to hand. For the y^ 
Warre of old, betweene the Cbalcidenm and the Eretrrans, 
was it, wherein the red olGreecc was mod divided, and in 
league with either partie. 

As others by other meanes were kept backe from grow- 
ing great/o aifo the loniam by this. That the Perfan Af- 
faires profpering,C>'ri« and the Pcr//;?^ Kingdome, after the 
defeatof era t«, made warre vpon all that lyeth from the 
Riucr H.t/yt to the Sea fide, and fo fubdued all the Gtcies 
which they poilefled in the Continent & Darim afterward, 
whcnhehadouercome the Phanipan Fleet, did the like E 
vnto them in the Hands. 


b I b. U ^ /^^ Mtjlorie of '• F n v O V V* d •£ i; j i. r I 

whaftMrc'cailedoftefy for tilcjh'fl'lucs, iiotv,' vvkh^a's-mUch 
fafer-j/iisSvaspoftiblc, to loOkiHo their mvii'c per Joiis,^ and 
their owiic Famil-ies, they relielcd for tlie iiK^it partklithc 
(.'itie.s, and did no Adttoii vvorthy 0"^^ niemoi^j, \kk\tiVG k 
were againll their ricighbours^: for, a^fo^ th"c\t'yi'a<its of 
Sicih], they w^re already sittivei 'it grb&t^t pOwcri.-''^rhus 
was Greece for a long titrle'hindred,'thit^ri^kher ^ievhtly'-k 


fiiV^^f be 

•PltiPiMtHs mMhUfima: 

< jM 

The l/'Mlitmim/atn par-- *» 
oownc the Tyrants 'loD 
tlibfighbH'Grtjr»;v H ' 


could do? any thing'remaricabley iipr th0jt«^t-ies T 
ad\'cntr6i]s. -' ■,'-■' ■ ' -••'--- • i ff-si'; j.iF.fn '.: ■ 
But after that- thc-*Tyraiit?fe6thofl?fe^-;an'd^ffh(r- tell 
of Gr^i?rtf,where Tyrannies We-rc,were the'moil, ancf lafl: df 
them Te.vccpting thofe of Stah, put dov\>-ne by the taceda- 
mo/iLifif, (for Lnced<imon , after-it was built by tire Dorems 
that inhabited the fime^though it li^th bin longer troubled 
with feditions, tlieri any Other Citie We know, yet hath it 
had for the longed time, go6dLav/s,and bin alib alwaics 
free from Tyrants. For it-is'-vnto the 'Cnd-of this Warre, 
4po.yeercs, and foni(?what'rtiore; thattha Lace'Umomans 
haud vfeil one and iht famfe'gou^mment .-^ - and thereby be- 
ing of power thpraftiiies, they alfo ordered the Affaires 
in the other Cities) [I lay] after the diteutk)n of Ty- 
rannies in Greece, it was not long before -the Battai I e was • 
fought b)- the J^udes, againll the ^f/>^w/7f% m the Fields 
o'[:y/iarathon. And in the tenth ycere-againe after "tl\at, 
came the * Barbarian, with the ^ great Fleet into Greece, 
to fubduc it. And Gr^.^c^bein^now in c?reat dano-er, the ! ,*/■ ^'"' "'"^i°'>- c.^}- 
leading or the Gr<?<:/,?wj tna't leagued in that WaiTe,' was''ii"°""dt7ianncrof 
giuen to the L<iced^monianSi as- to the- nioR potcilf State. | I'^tln^mpclh^'^'''"- ' 
And the Athenians, who had purpofed fo much before,and I lJ^^^\yt'Z''ct^'-f,t 

D already ilowed their neceflaries, at the comming in of thJf4t!^ <,imrjithl 
the ■ ::A^\edes , wetiG ^ a fliip-boord, and became Sea-men . 
When they had ioyntly beaten backe the Bdrbamn, then 
did the Grecians, both fuch as Were revolted from the 
King, and fuch as had in common made AVarre vp- 
on him, not- long after, dtvidt themfelues into Leagues, 
one part with the ^j^-wm^s-, and the other with' -the Ln- 
ced ^mmians -^'thek tWQ Citt-ies appearing to -bee th6 
miglicietl ^ for this had the power by Land, and the other 
by Sea. But this Confederation laded but a wliile .- for af- 

E terwards,the La<;ed^,m(miam and the Athenians, being at * va- 
riance; warred each on other, together with thei-rTeuerai-l 
"•'■'■'' C a _ . .. . Con federates.! 


Mede<-, to put ihemfdMCS 

within H'fl/ 1! ofivood : The- 

minoclcs iiitcrprct'mgtkc 

Oiide, ihyvDcr.t mta their 


All Greece dciiided into 

two Leagues, the Laccdc- 

mtrj.vis and their League, 

and the ^ihcKiaiii aiid 

tiieii Lc;puc. 

'.r/'ii uctrijrrct b'cgi:>i t-Jicn, 

l'e:nc fti:: f» tit f^ydi th'i ti- 
cedjmoni3ns.'.s-:'.v,'?/')f . 
Hdcts, was icr.'.b.vlic with 
i'iMthcnians O'.aefd'.f- 
trull the L-iceucnionians 
!ij(i fifilh ir fortvnidlpit : 
B7fefc/'=f Athenians tosh^e 
fj/ B df'if.tce. 


Tlic manner how tTie U- 
cttl*mon!J!n dealt with 
their Confederates. 
'JI.Klofter'l'r.oit eflhe?cvt, 

The manner how the /4- 

ou handled their 

HcKCtilii, tbit though 

7:d Cont'edcratej are ta- 
<iUy»itbt're Athenians. 
ii felfcy excluding iheii Cm- 

DigrefTion, to (hew how 
negligently rrcn recciuc 
the fame of things part, 
by the example of their 
ciror touching the Story 
oiHipfixi the fonnc of I'i- 
Jijlratui, which it feemcs 
he willin£;ly mentions, 
boihhecre and hcereaf- 
tcr, onlightoccc£on. 

'Panathentka, tPtrtSo- 
lamutiti brjUtiiud by The- 
fcus, in met er'j of that Ic 
haddrowittifiUfaUihc A- 
themans thai lii'.eddfptr- 
fca in M(K3,tilii the Ctiu of 
Athens I'auf. in Arcad. 
' Lucsnfetmeth to reta'me 
ihefimt tnour, in Hatrao- 


^heHiJlorj of Tnw cr DID ES. Lib.i. 

C^onfederates. And the reit o^Grgece, where any difcord A 
chanced to arife, had rccourfe prefently to one of chefe. In 
lb much, that from the Warre of the Medes to this prefenc 
Warre, being continually [exercifcdj Ibmetimes in peace, 
fometimes in \Varre,cither one againlt the other,or againft: 
rcsolted Confederates, they arrived at this Warre, both 
well furnilhcd with Military provifions, and alfo expert, 
becaufe their pra(Stice was with danger. 

The L4ftf</rfwo«/4«j governed not their Confederates fo, 
as to make them Tributaries, but onely drew them by 
faire mcanes to embrace the * o/z^^rc^yjConvenient to their B 
owne Policy. But the Mhenians, having with time, taken 
into their hands the Gallies of all thofe that ilood out, 
(except the Ci;;"4«j and L^j^M«j) * reigned over them, and 
ordained euery of them to pay acertaine tribute of money. 
By which meanes, their * owne particular provifion was 
greater in the beginning of this Warre, then when in their 
flourifhing time, the League bctweene them and the rell 
of Greece remaining whole, it was a* themoft. 

Such then I finde to haue beene the ftate of things part, 
hard to be bcleeued, though one produce proofe for euery Q 
particular thereof. For JMcn receiue the report of things^ 
though of their owne Countrey, ij done before their owne time, all 
alike, from one Oifrom another ^ yrithout examination. 

For the vulgar fort ofi^?/:>^«w«i thinke, that Hipparchni 
was the Tyrant, and flaine by Harmodiiu and AriUogeiton ; 
and know not that Hippiiu had the gouernment, as being 
the eldefl Ibnneof P/y^//M/i-M,and thzt Hipparchw and Th£Jla- 
Im were his brethren ; and that Harmodiiu and Ari/hgeiton, 
fufpcfting that fome of their Complices had that day, and 
at that inrtant, difcouered vnto Hippiat fomewhat of their d 
treafon, did forbeare Hippioj, as a man forewarned, and de- 
firous to effect fomewhat, though with danger, before 
they fhould be apprehended, lighting on Hipparclms, flew 
him,neere the Temple called Lcocorium, whilefl he was 
fetting forth the * Panathenaicall Show. And likewife 
divers other things now extant, and which Time hath not 
yet involued in oblivion, haue beene conceiued amifle by 
oihcx Grecians ; as that the Kings of Laced^mon, in gi- 
ving their fuffrages, had not * fmgle, but double Votes. 
And that * pitanate was a band of Souldiers, ib called E 
there, whereas there was neuer any fuch. So impatient of 


Lib.i. The Jdificrj o/Tnv en DID Es, 1 

A labour are the mofl men, in thefearcb of truth, and embrace fion 
eft, the things that are mxt to hand. 

Now he, fhat by the Arguments hcere adduc?d, fliall 
frame a ludgement of the things pait, and not beleeue ra- 
ther, that they were fuch as the Poets hauc lung, or Profe- 
wrltershauecompofed,more delightfully to theeare,then 
conformably to the truth, as being things not to bee dif- 
prooued , and by length of time , turned for the moll 
part into the nature of P'ables without credit ; but fhall 
thinke them heere fearchedout, by the moft euidcnt fignes 

B that can be, and fufficicntly toOjConfidering their antiquity; 
hee, I fay,fhall not crre. And though men alwaics ludge 
the prcfcnt Warre wherein they liuc, to be greatef I ; and 
when it is paft, admire more thofe that were before it -, yet 
if they coniider of this Warre, by the AO:s done in the 
lame, it will manifefl: k felfe to bee greater, then any of 
thofe before mentioned. 

What particular perfons haue Ipoken, when they were 
about to enter into the Warre, or when they were in it, 
were hard for mee to remember exatStly, whether they 

Q were Ipeeches which I haue heard my felfe, or hauerecei- 
ued at the fecond hand. But as any man feemed, to mee, 
that knew what was neereft to the * fumme of the truth, 
of all that hath beene vttered, to fpeake mofl: agreeably to 
the matterflill in hand, lb haue I made it fpoken heere. 
But of the Ad:s themfelues done in the Warre, I thought 
not fit to write all that I heard from all Authors, nor 
fuch as I my felfe did but thinke to bee true ; but onely 
thofe whereat I was my lelfe prefent ; and thofe of which 
with all diligence I had made particular enquirie. And 

D yet euen of thofe things,it was hard to know the certainty, 
becaufe fuch as were prefent at every Action, fpakenot 
all after the fame manner, but as they were affedled to the 
Parts, or as they could remember. 

To hcare this Hiftory rehearfed, for that there bee in- 
fertedin it no Fables, fhall bee perhaps not delightfull .- 
But hee that defires to looke into the truth of things done, 
and which (according to the condition of humanity) may 
beedoneagaine, orat lead, their like, hee fhall nnde e- 
nough hcerein, to make him thinke it profitable ; And it 
E is compiled rather for an * E v h r l a s t i n g Posses- 
sion, then to be * rehearfed for a Prize, 

C 5 The 


The diligence of the Au- 
thor in the enquirie of 
the truth of whai he 
wrote: both touching 
the Orations, and the 

'To theajuhgit Aid fmtjfe 
cffthii rvM te beftid ; fo 
that though be '^ fed not their 
■cv6rdi,yet he vfed the ttrge- 
menli that heft might ferue tc 
thepiirpofe, tfkifh at *n}lime 

The vfe of thit Hiftory. 

* lil'iif^a If ati. 
' Boih Poeti and lUftomgt.' 
pben of old, rtciied their Hi- 
jioriciiocapiaiegltiy. This 
emuhtiim ofglury m their 
n>r!!i/igi,he{alleth iyi- 


The Hijlory of T h v cy d id e 5. Lib. t. 

prdtiu \'> -irrc. 

"z eolith bj Sen, vix. ore 
:/Sa!.i(ni$, und the other at 
Mycak in iiiim. And i. ly 
LirdyOre at Thennopylc, 
iVilihi other j/Phtca. 

EirtV.qua'KC^, EcHpfcs, 
FamincPcftilencc, con- 
coitiuncs of ihis Wartc. 

' ^ fhc Jilie/ikcs, 

Th-reaufejof theWanc. 

Tlie fird pretext. 
T)yrrhachiHm. Dh' 

r>«»V<r, called (o from 
I HI an 
Ulynj, now Sbnonia, 
and 'DAlm.tti.i. 

* 'f:ih.ihit.ints ef Cor- 
cyrSjiow Corfu. 

• Corcyra was a Colony 
f/Corinth. and Kpidam- 


7 he greacclt A(^tion bcFore this, was that agaiiill the A 
*Medes, and ) et that,by * two Battels by Sea,and as many 
by Laild,wa's ibone decided. But;as for this Warre, it bodi 
lalled long, and the harme it did to Greece, was fuch, as the 
iike,in the like ipacejiad nevcrbeene feene before. For nei- 
ther had there euer bin (o many Cjties expugned, and made 
deiblate, what by the Barbarians, and what by the Greehs 
warring on one another, (and Ibme Cities there were, that 
when they were taken, changed their inhabitantsjj nor lb 
much banifliing and flaughter, feme b)' the Warre, fome 
by fjdition, as was in this. And thofe things which con- B 
cerning fonner time, there went a fame of, but in fadt 
rarely confirmed, were now made credible : As Earth- 
quakes, general! to the greateft part of the World, and 
moll \iolcnt withall ; Eclipfes of the Suniie, oftncrthen 
is reported of any former time; Great droughts in fome 
places, and thereby Famine ; and that which did none 
of the lead hurt, but dertr6yed alio its part, the Plague. 
All thefe Euils entred together with this Warre,- which 
began from the time that t\\Q Athenians and Pchponnefians 
brake the League, which immediately after the Conquelt q 
o^^Eubccay hadbeene concluded betweene them for thir- 
ty yeeres. The Caufes why they brake the lame, and 
their Quarrels, I haue therefore fet ciowne firft, becaufe no 
manihouldbeeto leeke, from what ground lb great a 
Warre among! I the Grecians could arife. And the i:ruefl 
Quarreil, though Icall in fpeech, I conceiue to bee the 
growth of the Athenian powcr^ which putting the Lacede- 
monians into fearc, necelsitatcd the Warre. But the Caufes 
of die breach of the League, publikel^ voyced, were 
thefe. D 

EPI D A M NVS is a' Gtie fcltuate on the right hand 
to fuch as enter into the Ionian Gulfe -, bordering vp- 
on it, are the Taulant'tj, Barbarians, a people of lUyriu 
This was planted by the * Corcp-^ms^hm Captalneof the 
Colony, was one p,W<»5,the fonneof Heratodidas a Corin- 
thian, o'tthaWiug^oi Hercules, 2.nd2iCCQv6\n^ to an anci- 
ent Cullome, called to this charge out of the * Metropo- 
litan Citie ; befides that the Colony it felfe, confilled in 
pajt, of for/W;/rtwj, and others of the D^r/^M^ Nation. In £ 
proccllc of time, the Citie of H/)/^4w»m, became great and 


Lib. 1, The Hijiorj ofTnvciDiDES, 

A populous ; and hauing for many yceres together bcene an- 
noyed with ledition, was by a Warre, as is reported,niade 
vpon them by the confining Barharims, brought low, and 
deprived of the greatell part of their power. But that 
which was the lail accident before this Warre, was, that 
theNobihty, forced by the Commons to fly the Cittie, 
went and io)ned with the Barbannns, and both by Land 
and Sea, robbed thofe that remained within. The E^idam- 
mans that were in the Towne, opprefled in this manner, 
lent their Ambafl'adours to * Corcyra, as being their Mo- 

B ther Cittie, praying the Corcyr^ans not to fee them perifh, 
but to reconcile vnto them, thole whom they had driven 
forth, anJ to put an end to the Barbarian Warre. And 
this they intreated in the forme of ♦ Suppliants, fitting 
downe in the Temple of lu^o. But ths Corcvr<ea-is, not 
admittng their (upplkaim, fent them away againe, with- 
out eftei^t.The Epidamnians now defpairingof reliefe from 
the Corcyr^ans, and at a (land how to proceed in their pre- 
fent affaires, lending to Delphi^ enquired at the Or^c/d-, whe- 
ther it were not bed to dehuer vp their Citie into the 

Q hands of the cV/«f^/4;jj, as of their Founders, and make 
tryall what ayde th;y Ihould obtaine from thence. And 
when the Oracle had anfwered. That they (Jjould adiuer it, 
and take the Qo\:\nt\\i2ii\s for their Leader s^ they went to Co- 
rinth, and according to the advice of the Oracle,gaue their 
Citie to them, and declared how the firll Founder of it 
was a Corinthian, and what anfwer the Oracle had giuen 
them, intr^at-ng their helpe, and that they would not 
Hand by, beholding their dellrudtion. And the Corinthi 
am vnJertooke their defence, not onely for the equity of 

D the caufe, (as thinking them no lelle their ovvne,tnen the 
Corcyr<€ani ColonieJ but alfo for hatred of the Corcyr^am, 
who being their Colony, yet contemned them, and al- 
lowed them not their due honour in publique meetings, 
nor in the diiirlbution of the Sacrifice, began at a Conn 
thian, as was the cullome of other Colonies j but be'ng e- 
quall to the richellGv^rM^Ji of their time, for Rore of mo- 
ney, ani ilrongly furnilhed with ammunition of Warre, 
had them in contempt. Alfo they fticked not Ibme- 
tim^s to boatl how much they excelled in fhipping ; and 

E that Cwcyra had beene once inhabited by the * Pb^eaces^ 
who flourifhed in glory of nauall affaires ; which was al- 


^ Corf it a 

' E^thtrtht EpUamnians, 

^ry, not only fa, timei,o:,ifo} 
oi/'-titHf^aid littxirem'-es, 
tttciidj HijcU mtni t'.lo, her 
hcpe, fane that q/ the Codi, 
and tbolt ti ivhem they r,,adt 

The Ep'daniem negleaed 
by their Mother Citte, 
Corcf'", procure the pro- 
teaionofthc Ctnmhixiu. 

' Br Homer ib'is ik is tdUtd 

.1(5 1 TheHiJlorjof TnvcY DID E's.- Lib.i. 


The Canxtk'ur.i Tend ml:: 
bitanh lot-gtcLmmi. 

The Corrjr.tms angry at 
rinthM!, make Wine on 

' fvfi'/sf . DitfcrJ occafiam 
force !r^[ramtheir Country. 

ccmrr.Mlj calitd ian'Pimcvt. 
Priferiptitrr, when the Sen- 
tence ;i death, far wkcb cjnfe 
Iiieyfi) into binifanent : Cut 
t^cje that ae htre meant , arc 
fiieh as in Seditimi beint, the 
wea)icr F*llion,flyfnrfiare 
ofbctsg mmdcTcii, vthuh I 
alllcae, taufhceimen; or 
might cdi them ferhapt bet- 
ter OutLmeior FN^iliuei,but 
neither of :hcni popcrly. 7 Ix^H<< other fU- 
eei of Italy, thst veire m arc 
VctrocriticaU, rvhcriin fuch 
bi<r,:jhmnl cm omit ha[if,in, 
call iLc ptperfy Fuorukiti. 

The CtrcyrtXihe/icgt Epi 

The C«n^b'"i" r*"^ an 
Armictorelicucit. . 

lb the caufe, why they the rather prouided themfehies'bf A 
a Nauie ^ and chcy were indeed not without power that 
way ; for when they began this Warre.they had i lo. Gal- 
Ues. The c't7n«t/jMwj therefore hauing all thele crimina- 
tions, againll them, relieued Epidamr.w willingly ,not only 
i^iuin!> leaue to wholbeuer would, to goe and dwell there, 
but atlb lent thither a Garrifonof Ambraciotes, lleucadians, 
and of their owne Citizens ; which fuccours, for feare the 
coroT^rtwjfliould hauehindred their paiVage by Sea,march- 
ed by Land to ApoUonia. The Qonyr<eans vnder(landing 
that new inhabitants, and a Garrifon were gone to Epi- g 
damniu, and that the Colonic was dehuered to the Corinthi- 
ms, were vexed extremely at the fame 5 and lay ling pre- 
fently thither, with 2. 5 . Gallies, and afterwards with an- 
other Fleet,in an infolent manner comanded them,both to 
recall thofe whom they had banilhed, (for thefe * banifh- 
ed men of Epidamniu, had beene now at Corcyra, and poin- 
ting to the Sepulchers of their Ancellors, and claiming 
kindred, had intreated the Corcyr^ans to rellore themj and 
to fend away the Garrifon and Inhabitants felit thither by 
the Corinthians ' But the Epidamvians gaue no care to their ^ 
commandements. 'Whereupon, the Corcyr<eans with forty 
GaUies, together with the banifhcd men, (whom they 
pretended to reducej and with the lllyrians, whom they 
had ioynedto their part, warred vpon them ; and hauing 
laid Siege lq. the Citty, made Proclamation, that fuch of 
the Epidamnians as would, and all flrangers, might depart 
fafely,or otherwile, were to bee proceeded againlt as E- 
ncmies. But when this prevailed not, the place being an 
Ifllmui, they cnclozed the Citty in on euery fide. The Co- 
rintbiansi when newes was brought from Epidammu, how -q 
it was befieged, prefently made ready their Armie, and 
at the fame time caufed a Proclamation to bee made, for 
the fending thither of a Colony, and that fuch as would 
goe, fhould haue equall and like priuiledges, with thofe 
that were there before : and that fuch as defired to bee 
fharers in the fime, and yet were Miwilling to goe along in 
perlbn, atthatprcfent, ifthey would contribute 50. C£>- 
r/«//;;^ Drachmaes, might ilay behind. And they were 
very many, both that went, and that laid downe their fil- 
ucr. Moreoucr, they fent to the SV,e£areans^ for fearc of £ 
being ilopped in their paflage by the Cor^T^erf^J, to ayde 


Lrb.i; TheHiJiGryofTnYCYDmES, 

A them with (omz Gallics^vvho accordingly furnllhed ouTg. 
the Citizens o^Pak'm CeplMlonia,^.yhiy alforcquired (ial- 
lies of the Epidaitmns.who font them 5 .the Citizens of H-r- 
mione,\ .the Tr^^enians^i -the Leucadians, r o. the Aml'rariotes, 
8. Of the 'r/!?£'^<i«;and Phliafmns they required money; of the 
£/Vv;«y,both money ,& empty GaUies; and of the Corinthians 
them lelLies,there were ready ^o.Galhes, and jooo. * men 
of Armes. The Corcyr^ns, aducrtifcdof this preparation^ 
went to Corynth^n company of the Ambafladors of the Ln~ 
cdd.emonians.Sc o^ theSycioni an f^whom they took with them, 

B and required the Corimhians to recall the G^irrifbn and In 
habitants,which they had fent to Epidamnu!,a.s being a Cky^ 
they faidjWherwith they had nothing to do; or if they had 
any thing to alledge, they were content to haue the caufe 
iudicia I ly tryed, in fuch Citties of Pehponnefns , as they, 
ftiouid both agree on, and they then fhould hold the Co- 
lonic, to whom the lame fhould be adiudged. They Taid 
alfo, That they were content to referre their caule to the 
Oracle at Delphi ; that Warre they would make none, 
but if they mud needes haue it, they Ihould by the vio- 

C lenccof them, be forced in their owne defence, to kekt 
out * better friends then thofc whom they already had. 
To this the Corintbiam anfwered, that if they would put 
off with their Fleet, and difmilTe the Barha'riatts from be- 
fore E pi damfm,th^y would then confulb<5f the matter: 
for before they could not honeftly dos it- ? -Becaufe whileft 
they fhould bee pleading the cafe, the Epidamnia-'is fliould 
be luffering the mifery of a Siege. The Corcyr^ans reply- 
ed to this, That if they would call backe thofe men of 
theirs already in Epidamnus, that then they alio would 

D doe , as the Corinthians had required them ; or other- 
wife, they were content to let the men on both fides 
(lay where they were, and to fufpend the Warrc, till the 
caufe Ihould be decided. The Corinthitws not alien ting to 
any ofthefc propofitions, fmce their Gallics were man- 
ned, and their Confederates prefcnt, hauing defyed them 
firft by a Herald,put to Sea with 75 . GaUies^and * looo. 
menof Armes, and fet fayle for Epidammtf, againd the . Their Fleet was commanded by ^rift-eus, the 
fonne of PAlicas^ Callicratss,' the fonne ofCailias,' and Tma- 

E nor the fonne ofTimantbes: and the Land Forces by Ahh^f'- 
timit'fthoibnncof .EHrytimui;2LVid Jjnrchidai the loiiiie of 

D^ _ l(circbi[i. 


*o.tAj,-», Men in t 

The Corcyr.rani o^er to 

* Meanisi the Athenians. 

The CDtmliiaiu vnffilling 
to .-icccpt It, and not 
wictioui ciulc. 

The Cc'ilhiM^lect, 

fkrU&i*' before, itit 
ilC-ly the number hutftbtent 
^iij-n'iillcn : for a M: k- 
Iforc heefiyti linji kid initdt 



urcive Auguftus Cilar, 
4iW Marcus Antoniuii 

The Hiftory o/" T h v cy d i de s. 


The fiirnwiw Fleet. 

CoicyiximbadinaUizo [ 
O^ii cs^wUicbtUimbtr agric- j 


Thr t>fj7.«»s haue tlic 
iiciory at Sea, and on 
tlic bmc «iay take tlie 

Mmuntmt!, m imembram: 
ofliium^^mide the Enemy 

S.trta A'fJur.i,m\V 


The Corrptum Matters 
ot the Sea. 

The Ctrhtthians prepirc 
|a greater Nauie. 

Uarcljuf. Atcer they were come as farre as * At'tium, in the A 
Territory oi^Ana^orium, (which is a Temple oLipollo.Sind 
ground coniecrated vnto him in the mouth of the GulFe 
QiAmbracia) the Corcyr^ans fent a Herauld to them, at 
ABium, to forbid their comming on, and in the meane time 
manned out their Fleet, and hauing repaired, and made 
fit for feruice their old Gallies, and furnifhcd the rell 
with things neccflary, fliipped their Munition, and went 
aboard. The Herauld was no iooner returned from the 
Corinthians, with an anfwer not inclining to peace, but ha- 
uing their Gallies already manned and furnifhcd, to the B 
number of So- Saylc, (tor* forty attended alwayes the 
Siege of Rpidamma) they put to Sea, and arranging them-, 
felues, came to a Battell : In which the Corcyr^ans were 
clecrely Victors ; and on the part of the Corinthians, there 
periflied i ^ . Gallies. And the fame day it happened 
likewife, that they tliat belieged EpidammUy had the iame 
rendred \nto them, with Conditions, That the Strangers 
therein found:, fJjould be ranfomed, and the Corinthians kept in 
bonds , till (uch. time as they jhould be otherwife di(poJed of. The 
Battell being ended, the CoroT^/iwi, after they had fet vp C 
their * Trophic in Leucimna^ a Promontory of Qorcyra, 
Hew their other prifoners, but kept the Qorinthians ilill in 
bonds. After this, when the (Qorinthians with their van- 
quifhed Fleet, were gone home to (^orintb, the Qorcyr^ans, 
Mailers now of .the whole Sea in thofe parts, went firft, 
and walled the Territory of L^/<f^, a Corinthian Colonic, 
and then fay led to Cylkne, which is the Arfenall of tlie 
£i76'^/;j, and burnt it, becaufe they had, both with money 
and fliipping, giuen ayde to the (^onW^/rf«f. 

And tlicy were Mailers of thofe Seas, and infefted the D 
Confederates of(})r/W;, for the moll part of that yeerc; 
till llich time as in the beginning of the Summer follow- 
ing, tJie fWinthians lent a Fleet and Souldiers vnto Adium, 
the whicli for the more fafe keeping of Leuccu, and of o- 
ther Citties their friends, encamped about (T^^/w^nww in 
Thejprotit : und the [Wcyraans, both with their Fleet and 
Land Souldiers, lay ouer againfl them in Leucinma. But 
neither part llirrcdagaintl the other, but after they had 
ly en quietly oppofitc all the Summer, they retyred in 
Winter, both the one fide and the other to their Cities. E 
All this yeerc, as well before as after the Battaile, the 


Lib. I. Th^ HiJIgo o/Thvcydides. 


A ror/«riE'/^«^beingvexedat the Warr.' with the Corcyrxnns^ 
applyeJ thcmlelues to the building of Gallies^and to the 
preparing of a Fleet, the (Irongeli they were able to make, j 
and to procure Mariners out oi Pclopvnnejw, arid all other | 
parts of Greece. The Corcyr^ans hauing intelligence o<i\^(^^^^^ 
their preparations, beganne to feare, andf^becaufe they faduurstowr/,-, 
had neuer beens in League with any Grecian Cjtty, nor 
were in the Roll of the Confederates, either of the Athe- 
nians, or Lacedamonians) thought it bell now, to fend to A- 
th^-ns, to fee if they could .procure any ayde from thence. 

B This being perceiued by the Corinthians, they alio fent their 
Amballadours to Mais, left the addition of the Athenian 
Nauy ,to that of the (^orcyr^.w5, might hinder them f:om 
carrying the Warreas they defired. And the Allenibly 
at Aih£ns being met, they came to pleadc againll each o- 
thcr J and the C or cjr^ans fpake to this ciTpedt. 


AmbafTadoursof C o r c y r a. 

Q IV Ji EK of Athens Jt is ht luftke, that fuch as come to im- 
[S/ X^lort- the ayde of their neighbours , (as now doe "^es) and cannot 
pretend hy any ^r eat bene ft or League, fome precedent merit j 
Jl)ould before they goe any further , yr.ake it ap^eare .principally , that 
ti^hat they feeke ionferrethproft^orifnotjo, yet is not.prejudiciaU 
at leaft, to thofc that are to grant it : and next, that they Tiull bee 
conj}antly thankfull for the fame > ^nd if they catinot doe this:, 
then not to take it ili, thongh.their Juite bee rejected. And the 
Corey rsans being fully pcrj waded that thg can make all this appeare 
on their owne parts, baue therefore fent ^s hither, deftring you to a. 

J) fcrihe them to the number of your (Confederates. Nowfo tt ts, that "ibe 
haue had a Qiflome ^both Wreafonabk in refpeclofour Suite to you^ 
andalfofortheprefentynprofttible toonrQitfne eftate. For, hauing 
euertilbw^^ beeneVnWilling to admit others into League with Vf, 
Tbe areno"]); not omly fuiters for League toothers, but aljo leftdcjlitute 
by that meanes, of friends in this our Warre 'H'ith tl^e Corinthians . 
^nd that tid^ich before 'iieee thought Ipifdome^ namely, 7iot to enter 
loith others into League, becaufe'^ecft'ouldnot at the difcretion of o- 
thcrs enter into danger, U'ee nowfindc to haue beene our "^eakneffe^ 
and imprudence.: .;Wherefore^ though alone , wee rcpulfed the Corin- 
E thians, /// thelatiJBattell hy Sea^ yetfmtetl^ey are Jet to inuade a)s 
"k^^^^^Wr pyeparktiont oia. ,o/.Felop6nnefus, a7id the reft of: 
T> t Greece 


The Hi (lory of Tn v c y d li) e" s . Lib. 

(jTCcfCC ; iiTid jecpi^ Tith our owne fhkle power "fi'f are not able togoe A 
throuoh ; iindfincc iiljh the danger j'mcAJe they juhiue ys , H^otdd bci 
yery great to all Greece, it is both me(ffary that -^^eejcckc thejue- 
a)urs,bothof}oa^andofyi'homJocHerei/ewee can-, mid'Tfe areid/o to 
bt pardoned^ though "^e make bold to crojje our former cuflon:e of not 
hau'mg to doc with other men , proceeding not from malice, hut error of 
mdgcment. 2>low if youyeeldl'ntoys^m what tree rcqucft, this co- 
incidence (on our part) of need., ipill on your part bee honour able ^ for 
many reajons. Firft, in this refpcB, that you lend your hlpe tofuch 
as haue fujfcred, and not tofmh as haue cofnmittcd the iniu^icc. 
And next, confidering that yon receiue into League, Juch as haue at B 
ftake their whole fortune ^ you p^all fo place your benejit, as to haue a 
teflimony oftt^ ifcucr any can be foindelehk. 'Befides this , the grca- 
teji Kauie but your owne^ is ours : Qonfider then, what rarer hap^ 
and of greater griefe to your enemies^ can befall you, then that that 
power, whichyou would haue priced ahoue any n.oney^or other requi- 
tal! Jhould come <volu}itarily, and without all danger or cofl, prtjcnt 
itfclfc to your hands ■ bringing with it reputation amongsi mnji men; 
a grate full n.indefrom thojeyou defend j andjlnngth to your felues . 
All which haue not happened at once to many, ^ndfew there bee of 
thofe that fue for League, that come not rather to receiue firength ^ Q 
and reputation^ then to confcrre it. Jfany heere thinke, that the 
Wane wherein wee may doeyouferuice, will not at all bee^ hee is in 
an errour^ andfceth not, Imp the Lacedcemonians, through feare 
of you, are already in labour of the Warre -^ and that the Corin- 
tSiuins^grdciou4 with them, and enemies to you, making ii^ayf&r 
their Enterpri:^e, ajfault ^vs now, in the -if ay to the inVafionof you 
heereafter, that ycee may not fland amng^ the refl of thir common 
Enemies, but that they may be Jure before-hand, either to ueaken Vs^ 
or to flrengthcn their owne eftate. It nnft therefore be your part, xpe 
pjferingy and you accepting the League, to beginne -a ith them, and to D 
antiupate plotting, rather then to counterplot againft them. If they 
object injuflice, tn that you receiue -their (^olonief henceforth let them 
I earfie, that ali Colonies Jo long as theyreceiuc nO'orong from their 
[Mother QtiCyfo long they honour Iyer • lut whew they fuffer injurie 
from her, they then become alienate : for they ^e-not fent out to be'the 
\Slauesof them that fiay, but to be their equals. That they h^ue done 
livs the injurie, is manifefi . for when "a^c^ o^ered thpn ajudiciall tryall 
\ofthe Lontrol^erfe, touching Epidamnus, thiy ^hofe to pt'ofeCttte 
[their quarrcll, rather by Armes then lUdgement. T^^ow let thdty^hich 
\thry haue done "Vnto "us, who are their kindred, fche you forfor^e Ar. E 
j^wncntj not to bee feducedhy their demands y a>id'mdde.thetr injlru- 


1^1)2 til jt one of Thvcydidej, 


A ^nmti before you bee aware. Forhee Hues mjifecure, that hath fern ft 
benefits bcftowed by him VJfon his Enemies ^ to repent of. As for the yl'r- 
tkl'es betiveene you ani the \jlCidxm'^m2L\\s, they aKc not broken by 
recei'Mn^us into yoHr League ^becauje fi^ee are in league "^ith nei- 
thr panic. For there, tt is faid^ That whofoeiier is (Confederate jf nei- 
ther party, may hatie accefje laip fully to either. And fare it were nje- 
ry Vnre:jfonable, that the Corinch \insfhoidd haue the libertk to maH 
their Fleet out ofthe Cities coprijed in the League, and out of any other 
parts o/Grcece, and not the leafl out of ^ places inyour Domimon-and 
Ti^ee bee denyed both the League noTi> propounded, and alfo, all other 

g helpe from')^hencc foeiicr. yindiftheyi'uputeittoyouAsafault^ that 
yougrant ourrecjue/t ,• "^ee (halltake tt for a greater ^ thatyou grant it 
not. For thercmyou jhall reject Vs, that are inVaded, and bee nine of 
your Enemies ^ and them, who are your Enemies, and make the inVjfi- 
on, you f)all not onely not oppo/e, but alfofiiffer to raife VnlawfuU j 
Forces in your Dominions .^ Whereas you ought in truth, either not to\ 
fuffer them to take -op Mercenaries in your States, or elfe tojend ^s | 
fuceonrs alfo j tn fuch manner a^you jhall thinke goodyour felucs ■ but j 
ejpecially by taking V^ into your League, and fo aiding^' s. Many 
commodities, as wee faid in the beginning, 'd>eejhew 'Vnto you, but this 

(2 forthegreatejl^ that yt^hereas they arc your Enemies, {which is manifefl 
enough) and not V. eake ones, hut able to hurt thofe that fland ^vp a- 
gainj}thcm,T\pee offer you alSlauall^ not a Terrefiriall League ^ and 
the Ufant of one of thefe, is not as the "^ant of the other : Nay rather^ 
your principall aifne^ if it could he done,fJ?ould bee, to let none at ah 
haue flipping but your f e lues ^^ or at leaf}, if that cannot bee, to make 
fuch ymr friends, .as ^re bejifurnijhed there'^ith. If any manno"^ 
thinke thus, that "^h at TOf haue fpoken,is indeed profitable, butfeares 
if it were admitted, the League ^ere thereby broken : let that man 
confider, that his feare ioynedH^ith Jirength, "H^ill make his Enemies 

£) feare^ and his confidence, hauingf ifhee rejeciVs ) fo much the leffe\ 
flrength, leillfo much the lefp be feared. ■ Let him alfo remember, thatl 
hee is noTif in confaltation, n& leffe concerning Axhzns, then Corcy-i 
ri ; Ti^hereinheefi/'ecastethjtoneofthebe/i, ( confider ing the prefent\ 
eUate of affaires) that makes a quefiion, "whether agatnfl a Warre at^\ 
hand, and onely not already on foot, hee f1>ouldioy?ie n^nto it, or noty 
thatCitty^htch^ith jnofi important advantages^ or difadvatitageF.,^ 
M-ill be friend or encmie. For it lyeth jocmyeniently for fay ling int4 
Italy, and Sici ly, that it can both prohibit any Fleet to come to Ve- 
lopomiefus/ro^« thence, and convoy a?iy commingfrom Pelopon- 

E nefus, thither: .and ps alfo fo)' diuers other n^fes mofl cmimodious. comprehmikM in briefe'^ confider "whether Ti^ee bee to heeahan- 

D^ ^oned^ 

* Ai Ceplulonia, 

'^i I The Hijhry of Thwcy DID ES» Lib.i. 

Lkned or not^hy this. For Greece hauhi^but three "Hanks of any ^ 
account J yours, ours, and that of Cormth, ifyoufujfer the other two 
to toyne in one , by letting the Corinthians frji Jea:^e rvs, youjhaU 
hauetofghthySeaatOfietime, both av^amft the CorCyrccans and 
the Peloponnefians ; y^'hereas by making League H>ith ys^you jlaR 
Ti>ith your Beet augmented J haue to deale againji the Peloponnefi- 
ans alone. 

Thus fpake the Qrcyr^ans, and after them, the CorintU^ 


AmbalTadourfi of C o r i n t h. 


THc Corcyr.Tans in their Oration hauing ynade mention not 
onely of your taking them into League^ but alfo, that they are 
wronged^ and yniuflly Tfiarred on j it is alfo necejjarte for njs 
firfl to anfwcr coricerning both thofe points, and then afterwards to pro- 
ceed to the reft of'^hat "ipe haue to /ay, to the end you may forc-hiow, 
that ours are the fafefl demands for you to embrace^ and that you may 
rvpon reafoH rejeH the needy efiate ofthofe others. Whereas they al- 
leadge in defence of their refufingto enter League 'i'ith other Cities, ^ 
that thefan.e hath proceeded from modefiy, the truth is, that they tooke 
yp that Cuftome, not from any Vertue, but meere toickedneffe ; as be- 
ing VJiwilling to call any (Confederate for a "^itneffe of their eudl acti- 
ons, and to bee put to blufh by callingthem. Se (ides, their Citty be- 
ingbythejcituationfufjicientVtthinitfelfc, giucth them this point, 
that "^hen they doe any man a Iprong^ they themfelues are the Judges of 
the fame, and not men apiiointed by confent. For going feldome forth a- 
gainft other Ts^attons^ they intercept fuch, a^ by necefsity are driven 
into their Harbour. Mdin this coyfificth their goodly pretext, for 
not admitting (^ot federates, not becaufe they yeould not bee content to rx 
accompany others tn doing euill^but becaufe they had rather doe it alone-, 
that Ti^here they Ti?ere tooflrong, they might oppreffe ; and lnhen there 
fmddbee Hone to ohferue them, the lefje of the profit might be fjared 
from them, and that they might efcape the pameTmhen they tooke any 
thing. 'But if they had beene honefl men, (^as they themjelues fay they 
are) by ho"^ much the leffe they are obnoxious to accufation , fo much 
the more meanes they haue, bygiuing, and taking "abatis due, to makt 
their honejly appeare. (But they are not fuch, neither to'^ards others, 
nor towards Vs. For being our Colony, they haue not onely beene euer 
in reuol: , but now '.hey alfo make yt>arre Vpon ys, and fay they fi^ere not E 
fenl out to be injured by ys ; but wefty againe, that Me did no .fend 



The Htjlorie 0/ T h v c y d i d e s, 

A thm forth to bee /corned by them,buttohauc the leading 0/ them ^ami 
to bee regarded by J?an, as is Jit. For our other Colonies both honour 
andloue 'vs much, ^hich is an argument^ feeing thereji are plea- 
Jed ypith our aSiions, that thefe haue no iuji caufe to bee of ended a- 
lons ; and that without fomemanifefl Toron^, wee (hould not haue 
had colour to warre again/l them. But fay -^ee had heene in an er- 
rour, it, had beene fpcU done in them, tohauegiuen way to ourpafi- 
on, as it had beene alfo difhonourable in i?i, to haue in[ulted ouer 
their modefty. But through prtde and wealth, they haue done a>s 
■Torongy both in many other things^ and aljoin this, that Epidam- 
g nus being ours, -^hich while ft it was ^vexed ynith IVarres, they Wi-- 
tar claimed, ajoone as wee came to relieueit, yoOJ forcibly feasted 
by themi and fo holden. They [ay now, that before they tooke it, 
they offered to put the caufe to tryall of Judgement ; Butyqu are 
not to thinke, that fuchaone wiUflandto Judgement ^ as hath ad- 
vantage , and isfure already of ■vphat hee offer eth to pleadejor ; but 
rather hee that before the tryall, will admit equality in the matter it 
Jelfe, as well as in the pleading : yvhereas contrarily thefe men, of- 
fered not this ffscioiis pretence of a Judiciall tryall, before they had 
befegedthe Citty, but after, when they f aw wee meant not to put it 
Q ^p. ,jind now hither they bee come, not content to baue beene faul- 
ty in that bufneffethemfeluss, but to get inyou, into their confede' 
racy? no-j but into their confpiracj -, and to receiue them in this 
name, that they are enemies to <vs. But they fhould haue com» to 
you then, when they were moft infafety ; not now, when we haue the 
wrortg\.and they the danger; and whenyou,that nei>er partakedof 
their powert muft impart ynto them of your ay de ; andhauing beene 
free from their faults,mufl haue an equaQfhare from vsoftbe blame. 
TheyfJjould communicate their power before-hand, that meane to 
make common the iff ue of the fame ; and they that (hare not in the 
D crimes^ ought alfo to haue no part in the fequele of them. Thm it 
appear es that wee come for our ^arts, with arguments of equity and 
right', T»her eas the proceedings cf thefe other, are nothing elfe but 
a^iolence and rapine. AndnowppefhaUfhewyoulikewifei that you 
cannot receius them in point ofJuUice. For although it bee in the 
Articles, that the Qties f»rittenwithneyther ofthe parties, may 
come in, to whether of them they pleafe; yet it holds not forfuch 
as doefo, to the detriment ofeyther ; but onelyfor thofe that ha- 
uing reuoltedfrom neither part, want proteEiion, and bring not a 
Warre with them in flead of peace to thofe {if they bee wife) that re- 
E ceiuethem. Foryoufhallnotonely be Auxiliaries n^nto thefe ^ hut 
to 'vs, in flead ofConfederates, Enemies. For ifyougoe with them. 




' TJw r»hkl> ».« done *g(v"ft 
itoCorinihians, i)' •'■« A- 
in'ibufrfi Utoke. 

I The Hiflo?y of Tnv CY DID Es, 

it followes, they must defend them/clues^ 7iot Vithout you. You flmdd A 
doe mojl y^rightly, tojiand out of both our TUayes ; and if not that^ 
then to take our parts agauijl the Corcyra:ans, (for betiveene the 
Corinthians and you, there are Articles of peace, but Vnh the Co^~ 
cy xxcxnsy OH neuer had fo 7nuch AS a Truce) and not to conjlitute a 
new Law of receiving one another s ^^bels. For neither did Ti^egiue 
our <votcs againjlyouj "ft^hen the Samians revolted ^though thereflof 
Peloponncfu s lt>as diuided in opinion : 'But plamely alledgcd, That 
it TJjjtf reafonj that eiwy oneJJ^ould haue liberty to proceed againjl their 
owne revolting Confederates, ^nd if you fhall once receiue and ayde 
the doers of ^Vrofig, it MhH bee fe-ene^that they will come ouer as fajl 
from you to Vs j andyoupalljet Vp a Lalt)^ not fo much againjl i';, 
as agai?iJiyour felues. Tl^cfe are the points oflujlice Ti^ce had tojhew 
you, conformable to the Law of the Grrscians. .And now ^Vee come to 
matter ofaduice, and claime offauour j "^hich (being fictfo much your 
enemies 06 to hurt yon, nor juch friends as to jurcharge you) fi^eefay, 
ought in the prejentoccafwriyto bee granted Vs by Tb^jy of requitall: For 
Tifhen you had Tl>ant of Long Barques agai)i/i r/.'e y£ginetar, a little 
before the Medah J^ar^you had 26. lent Vntoyou by the Corinthi- 
ans. Tifhich beneft of ours, and that other againji the Samians, "U^hen 
by Vs it 'Wa^^that the Peloponnsfi ans did not ^d them, '■^ as the caufe ^ 
both of your viBory againft the y€gincta:, and of the puniflnnent of 
fk.Saniians. ^ndthcfe things "Sn.ere done for you in afcafon, lohen 
men,goingtofght againj} their enemies^ negleEi all refpeHs, but of 
ViHory. For euen a mans Donicficke affaires are ordered the ti^orfe^ 
through eagernejfe of pre fent contention. Which benefits confidmng, 
and theyonger fort taking notice of them from the elder ^ beyoupleafed 
to defend Vs now in the like manner. Ayid haue mt this thought, that 
though in fi^hat li^ee hauejpoken there bee equity ; yet, if the Warre 
jhoidd arife, the profit fi^ould he found in the contrary. For Vtilityfol^ 
loweth thofe aciions moji, "therein TV? doe the leafl wrong • befides 
that the likelihood of the Wan- e, wherewith the ilorcyrveans frighting 
yoit, goe about to dr.a'ii}yoHtoiniuJltce^isyetob/cure, and mt "Siforthy 
to moueyou to a manifeft and prefent hojiility "With the Corinthians^ 
but tf^ere rather fit for you indeed, to take away our former iealoufies 
concerning the * Megarcans . For the Lift good turne done, in fea- 
fon, though but fmali disable to cane ell an accufation of much greater 
moment. TSleither fuffcr your felues to be drawne on, by the greatnejf'e 
of the Nauy "which nofi^ fhall bee at yourferuice by this League ; for to 
doe no iuiurie to our equals, ts a firmer poiver, then that addition of 
Jlrcngth,li>hich (pu ft Vp with prefent fl^ewes) men are to acquire "Tvith E 
danger. Andfincet^eebee come to this ,lvhich once before Ti^ec/aid at 


Lib. 1. ^The Htfiorj /9/ T h v c y d i d e s. I 

A h3.C(^dxmon, that euety one ought to proceed J as hee JJ)cill thinke 
food, ag.unft his owne (yn federates, wee cLiimc that liberty now of 
you- and tlut you that haue beene helped ly our Votes ^ will not hurt 
res now by yours, but render like for like -^ remembring^ that now is 
that occafion, ^vherein hee that ayiieth Vs, is our grcatefl friend • and 
hee that oppofcth 'vs^ our greatefi enemy. And that you T^ill not re. 
ceiue thcje CoiXy rxius into League againfl our wills, nor defend 
them in their iniuries. TJkJc things if you grant Vs, you jhall both 
doe as is fit, and alfo advi/e the befi for the good of your owne af- 

B This was the effed: of what was fpokcn b}- the Corin- 

Both fides hauing beeiie heard, and the Athenian people 
twice aileiiibled ■ in the former Afl'embly, the}' approued 
no leiTe of the reaibns of the Corinthians, then of the Corcy- 
raans ; but in the latter, they changed their mindes ; not lo, 
as to make a League with the CorcyvMns, both offenfiue 
and defenfiue, that the Friends and Enemies of the one, 
fhould be fo of the other, (for thcn,if the Corcyr^ans fhould 
haue required them to goe againlt Corinth, the Peace had 

C beene broken with the Peloponne^ms) but made it onely 
defenfiue, that if any one fhould iuvade Corcyra or Athens, 
or any of their Confederates, they were then mutually to 
afsifl: one another. For they expc(!^ed, that euen thus, 
they fhould grow to Warre with the pdoponnefians^ and 
were therefore vnwilling to let Corc.yra, that had io great 
a Nauie, to fall into the hands of the Corinthians ; but ra- 
ther, as much as in them lay, defired tobreake them onea- 
gainll another ; that if need required, they might haue to 
doc with the Corinthians, and others that had Shipping, 

D v/henthey Ihouldbe weakned to their hands. And the 
Hand feemed alfo to lye conveniently for pafsing into Italy, 
and Sicily. With this minde thepeople of J{/E?t?«j receiued 
the into League -, and when the Corinthians were 
gone, fent tenne Gallies not long after to their ayde. The 
Commanders of them were Laced^^monivit th^ fonne of Q^ 
mon, Diotimas, the fonne of Strombichm, and Proteas, the 
Sonne q[ Epicles ; and had order not to fight with the Qo- 
rir,thians, Milefle they invaded Corcyra, or offered to land 
there, or in fome other place of theirs. Which if they 

E did, then with all their might to oppofe them. This 

they forbade, becaufe they would not breake the Peace 

E con- 



bctwcene the ^tkmant 

They aytk Ctrqra with 
cjnnc Gallics. 


TheHi/IoryofTnycYDiT>Es. Lib. 

The COTirttw) Fleet. 

The Crkibim fct for- 

* Cc{[:\nelhTenilmjof 
Ccftria,/aii o/Chaonia. 

Vae CmyrttmTlzci. 

01C by one, in a rinr, unH ih: 
r:^hl wtngvKft thofe ihit 
rvm on tht tight Imndfrom 
the ^iJdrl; and the Itft 
' w.B^, ihoCt on tht Lji band. 

concluded vvich the Pelo^ontic^^ans. So rhefe Gallies ar- A 
riued at Corcyra. 

The Corinthiansy when they were ready, made towards 
Qorcyra with i5o.Sailc; {yi^.) o^\hc Eleans, lo. of the 
Jt'ei^an-ans, i z . ot the Lcucadians^ lo. of the Ambraciotes.zj' 
of the ^nadorians, i . and 90. of their owne. The Com- 
manders of thefe, were men chofcn out of the laid feverali 
Citics,for the Icucral parts of the Fleet which they fent in; 
tc ouer thole of Corinih^wis Xenocleides, the fon of Eutbicle^, 
with 4. others. After they were all come together, vpon 
the Coall of the Continent ouer againll Corcyra, they fay- B 
led from Leucas, and came to Cheimeriim, in the Countrey 
of Tbejprotu. In this place is a Haucn.and aboue k, further 
from the Sea, theCittie of £/))^)r^, in tliac part of rhefpro- 
r/}, which is called jB/c'^i^w; andnecrevnto it, disbogueth 
into the Sea the Lika /icherufa, and into that (hauing 
firfh pafled through The(prow)' the Kiuer Acb.ron, from 
which it taketh the j^s^ame. Alfo the Riuer Thy ants run- 
neth hecre, which divideth 'Vhe(protu from ^ Qeftrine, be- 
twixt which two Riuers,arifeth this Promontory of C/;^/- 
merium. To this part of the Continent came the Corinthi- Q 
ansy and encamped.The(}?r9'T^ii«i vnderdanding that they 
madeagainllthem, hauing ready no. Gallies vnder the 
condu(^f of Miciades, Aefimides, and Eurybatm, came and in- 
camped in one of the Hands called o.V'o?<2. And the tenne 
Ga}lics oUAthem were alfo with them. But their Land- 
forces lla) ed in the Promontory of Leucimna^ and with 
them 1000. raenof Armesof the * Z^cynthians that came 
toaydethem. Thz Corimbims 2l\{o had in the Continent 
the aydcs of mmy Barbarians', which in thofe quarters haue 
beenc euermore their friends. The Corinthians, after they D 
were ready, and had taken aboard three dayes prouifion of 
victuall, put off by night from Cheimerium, with purpole 
to fight ; and about breake of day, as they were layling, 
defer) cd the Gallies of the Corcyr^an?^ which were alio 
put ofTh-om Sybota, and comming on to fight with the (Jo- 
rintbians. Ailooncas they had fight'one of another, they 
put thcmlelucs into order of Battaile. In the right * wing 
Q)Hh(tQorcfr<cans were placed the Gallies of Athens-, and 
'the rclt being their owne, were diuided into three Com- 
mands, vnder the three Commanders, one vnder ohc. This E 
was the order of the Corcyr^ans. The Corinthians had in 


Lib.i. The H'tfiory (yTHVcvDiDEs. 

A their right wing the Galiies of M^^^r;^, and Q^^mbrnm-, 
in the middlc.other their Confederates in ordei^md oppo- 
{i\L^ to i\\z Aibcnlans, and right wing oFthe Corcyneam, they 
were themielues placed,vvith fuch Galhes as werebdl of 
Sayle, in the left. The * Standard being on either iide- lift 
vp^they ioyncdBattellj liauingon both parts, both maiiy 
men of Amies, and many Archers and Sh'ngcrs, but after 
the old falhion, as yet.ibmewhat vnskilfLjlly appointed. 
The Battel! was not fo artificially as cruelly fought- 
necre vnto the maner of a fight at L;ind. For after they had 
B once runne their Gallies vp clofe aboard one of another- 
they could not for the number and throng, beeaiily gotten 
afunder againe, but relyed for the vidtory, e(J3ecially vpon 
their men of Amies, who fought where they llood^whilft- 
the Galliesremainedaltogether without motion. PaiVa- 
ges through each other they made none, but fought it out 
with Courage and llrength, rather then with skill: in/o- 
much as the Battell was in euery parc^uiot without much 
tumult and disorder. In which therAik-nian Gallies, beino- 
alwaies,wherethe (j?r{>T^^«j wereopprelled,at hand,kept 

[£ thc'^nemies infeare, but yet began -iiaailault, becaufg their 
Commanders flood in awe of the prohibition of the Jthe- 
«m;/ people. The right-wing oi t\iQ Corinthims was in 
the grcatell diflreflc j for the Qorcynedmwkh twenty Gal- 
lies, had made them turne their backcs, and chafed them 
difperfed, go the Continent j and -fayling to their very 
Campe, went aland, burnt their abandoned Tents, and 
tooke away their Baggage 5 fo that in this part the IQorm- 
th'ums and their Confederates were-vanquiflied, and the 
£orcyr^mshd.(it\iQ\i^ory. But in the left wing, where 

D the (Jr/Vj^*/?/i2«i were themfelues,they were farre fuperiour 5 
becaufe the Corcyr/sms had twenty Gallies of their num- 
ber, 'AVhich was' at fijftlefle then that of the Corin- 
i(t>/ii^.<^,toent in'the chafe ofche Enemie. And the Athe- 
.»MJ?.s'\%"hen they fa w t]\t{^orcyr^ans were in diftrefle, now 
Uyded diem manifellly, whereas beforc, they had abflai- 
•^lOd frOiiiniaking airaulc vpon any. 'But when once they 
fled ciut-right, and, that the Corinthians lay lore vpon them, 
then:<5uery one fell to ths bufmeire, without making dif- 
"ferenC55ahy lofiger^- and it came at laO: to this necefsity, 

E that they vnde«!o6ke one another, Corintbiam, and ^the- 






' nu-,t, APl^tirtorl- 
umumjl the Komancs. 



The ^it'ismam and fww, 


5| '.*'.' of the Continent, 
a H.iutn, 

* Pxan, a Ujftne, to Mars 
w. thebigtmnii^cffiiht: to 

Afupply of lo.Siylc 
froai Aihim. 


(\ii.) mete Mind their 

The Hiflorji p/^Thvcydides. Lib. i. 

ilie (^urintinAns, when their enemies fled, llaid not to A 
fallen che HuUes of the Gallics they had liinke, Mito 
dieir ownc Gallics, that lb they might tow them after ; 
but made after the men, rowing \p and downe, to kill, ra- 
ther then to take aliue ; and through ignorance(not know- 
ing that tlicir right wing had beene dilcomfitedj Hew al- 
io lome of their owne friends. For the Gallies of eyther 
fide being many, and taking vp a large Ipace of Sea, after 
they were once in the medly, they could not ealily dif- 
cerne who were of the Victors, and who of the vanquilh- 
ed party. For this was the greatell Nauall Battel!, for B 
number of Ships, that euer had been^ before, of Grecians 
againll Grecians . When the Qorinthians had chafed the Qor- 
cyr^ans to the Ihore, they returned to take vp the broken 
Gallies, and bodies of their dead, which for the greateft 
part they recouered, and brought to Sybeta, where alio lay 
tlie Land-forces of the Barbarians, that were come to ayde 
them. This SybotahzdcfirtHmen oi^TheJprow. When 
they had done, they re-\'nitedithemlelucs,and made againe 
to the ("orcyraaas ; and they hkewife, with fucli Gallics 
as they had fit'for the Sea, remaining of the former Ba£- Q 
tell, together with thofe o^^th^m.put foorth to mecte 
thcm^ feajring kit they (hould attempt to land vpon their 
Territory. By this time the day was farre fpent, and the 
*Song which they vfed to fmg when they came to .charge, 
was ended, when luddenly the (yrinthiaas beganne to row 
a Scernc : , for they had defcried twenty Athenian Gallies, 
lent from Athens to fecond the former tenne -, for feare led 
the Corcyr^ans(3L^k:Z\fo fell out) fhould bee ouercome, 
and thofe tenne Gallics of theirs bee too few to defend 
them . When the Q-orinthiam therefore had fight of thefe Q 
Gallies, fufpeCting that they were o^ Athens, and more in 
number then they were, by little and little they fell off. 
But the Cmyrxans Cbecaufe the courfe • bf thelb Gallies 
was vnto. them more * out of light) defcryed them not, 
but wondred why the (^onmbians rowed a Sterne ; till at 
hiifome that law them, laid they were Enemies ; and 
then retii-cdalfo the Corf>'r4;^j. For by this time it was 
darke, and the Corinthians lud turned about the heads of 
their Gallies, and diilblued thcmfelucs. And thus were 
the) parted, and the Batteil. ended in night. E 

The Qorcyr<eans lying at Leucimna, thefe twenty Athenian 


Lib. I. 7 be Hijtorie of Thvcydides. 


x\Gallies, vndcr the command of G/<i«(ro;?, theibnneof Lea 
gnu^ and Androcidcs, the Ibnneof L^o^or/w ; pafsing through 
the middeil of the floating (Jarkailcs, and wrecke, foonc 
after they yveredeicryed,arriued at the Campeof the (^or- 
cynians in Le»mina. The (^orcyr^ans at firll, (^being nightj 
were afraid they hadbeene Enemies, but knew them af- 
terwards J fo they anchored there. 

The next day, both the thirty GalUes of Jthensy and 
as many oi'^Wcwa as were fit for feruice, went to the Ha- 
uen in SylfoMyy^hcrc the {^orintbiam lay at Anchor, to fee 

3 if they wouldfight. But the (^omf/^mj, when they had 
put oil from; the Land, and arranged themfelues in the 
wide Sea, Rood quiet, not meaning of their owne accord 
to beginne the Battell j both for that they law the fnppiy 
of frefli Galhes from Athms, and fOr many difficulties that 
happened to them, both about the fafe cuRody of their 
Pnioners aboard, and alio for that beeing in adeiartplace, 
their Gallies were not yet repaired; but tooke thought 
rather how to goe home, for feare left the Atbeniam, ha- 
uing the Peace for already broken, in that they had fought 

Q agamll each other, fhould not fuiFerthem to depart. 
They therefore thought good to lend afore vnto the Athe- 
niar/s, certaine men, wi,thout privilddge of HerauJds, for Co 
lound them,. and to fayjQthis manner : 

Mm 0/ Athens, 3'o« doe-^n'mjily to hegmie the Wane, and vi- 
olate the Artkks : For Ti?here^ Tt^ee goe about to right 'vs on. our 
Enemies ^ you ftatid in our ^ ay, andheare ^Armes-.a^ainft ^vs. If 
therefore you'hee refolued tohinder our going a^ainfl. .Corcyra, or 
-^hatfoeuer place clfe weepUafe, dijfoluethe Teaoe, and lay itig' hands 
fi-jl ^vpon qjs that are heere, <vfe Vsm Enemies. . : ) ' '.'■ 
D'.- Thus 6id they .- md xht Csrcfr^ans, asrnany of the 
•Armie as heard them, cryed out immediately, to take and 
kill them. But the ^//;r«ii»;j made anfwerthus; 

M?2 o/Peloponnefus, Neither doe fi^ee beginne the Warre, 
nor breake th ^eace • hit y^ee bring ajlie. to thefe. our (^nfederafes, 
t/?^ Corey r«ans .- ifyotifleafe therefore to got my li>hither el/e, 
>ee hinder you not ; butifi^ainJlQQrcyti, or anyplace belonging 
a)ntoit,lt>e-^illnotfH0€rj(m. -• -z i ;-. 

When the . Atbenmi had giuen them this ^niiver,' the 
^iom;//;/;wi- made ready. to goe home, and fetVp a Trophie 

E in Sybotn of th« Continent. And the Corcyr^ans alfo, both 
tooke vp the wrecke,and bodiesof the dead;, which carried 

_J_ Ej euery 

The foror^tfW offer Bat- 
ccU againc. 

The Cor'wthiam cxpoftu- 
late with the/ith:»ia>ti, to 
found their purpofe. 

The anfwer of the ^the- 

The Ccrl/ithijii! goc home. 
Both the Corqrrtani and 
Caiiail'iMi challenge the 
viflory, and both fct 
vp Trophicj. 

'I he HIJlorj of Tnv CY DID ES. Lib.i 

The rori»/f>M»i inllicir 
way home, tatc .■<»-ii'w. 

, and kcepc i?o.of 
ihc ben ittn piiloncrs, 
being Cacpjeau, and 
vfc ihem wcU. 



The fecond pretext of 
the Warrc. 

PoUddt fufpcftcd. 

rm'uks comarjndc J to 
giuc Hoftagcs, and 

. pull dcwne part of 
iheit Wall. 

way by the Waues , and the Wind that arofe the A 
ghtbetbre, came driuing to their hands; and, as if tliey 
had had the \i(rtory,ret \'p a Trophie hkevvilein Syhota tlie 
Hands. The vi<ftor\' was thus challcHged on both lides, 
\pon thelc grounds .- The Corinthians did let vp a Tro- 
phie, beaiule in the Battell they had the better ail day,ha- 
uing gotten more of the wrecke and dead bodies, then the 
other, and taken no leOe then looo* Prifoners, and funke 
about 70. of the Enemies GaUies. And the Corcyr^ans fee 
vp a Trophie, becaulethey had funke 30. GalHes of the 
[m^thiatis, and had, after the arriuall of the Athenians, re- g 
coiiered tlie wrecke and dead bodies, that droue to them, 
byreaibn oftlieWindj and becaufe the day before, vpon 
fight of the Athenians, the Corinthians had rowed a Sterne, 
and went awa\' from them •• and lalliy, for that when 
they went to Syht.t, the f^orinthians came not out to en- 
counter them. Thus each fide claimed viftory. 
.■■ 'The {^tfr/f/</;/.t«j in their way homeward, tooke in A- 
rmtiorium, a Towne feated in the mouth of the Gulfe of 
.Jmbracia, by deceipt ; (this Towne was common to them, 
and to the (J'o;'(r>7-<€/i«i) and hailing put into k Qorimhians q 
onely, departed, and went home. Of the Corcyraans 800. 
•that' were fei-uants, they fold 5 and kept prifoners 2.50. 
whom they \kd with very much fauour, that they might 
bee a meanes, at their recurnc, to bring Coreyra into the 
power of the Corimhianr^ the greateltpart of thefe, being 
prinapail men -of the Citie. And thus was Cdrcyra d^liue- 
rcd'cf the Warre o^ (^crirttbyUnd the Athenian-Giliks went 
frflm them . This wasthe firft, Caufe, that the Corinthi- 
ans had o^' Warre a.gzlsSihthe:Aduf7ians i narhely, . becau^ 
4:4ity -had taken part wkh th^e Coh^^r^ans in a Battell by -rv 
'S"6a, againll the QorintUans, with whom they were conlr 
pri^cd in the fame Articles of Peace. 

PR. E S E^k T L^Vcafter'thi^-, *it cametopafle, that 
other differences :a role betwbncthe Teldlromefians und 
the Aihmnns, toiflduce the.W^arre. For whilell the 
Corinthians iludied to bee reuengcd,-the /J?/?<?«yikJr, who had 
thcirhatred iniealoufie^coTnandcdthc Citizens of potid^a, 
a Citie feated in die l(}hrnuio'( Palhne, a Colony of the Co- 
ri'jthians, but confederate' and tributary to the Athenians, to E 
puUdownc that part "of the Wall of their Citie, that 


Lib. I. The Hijloric c/ T h v c y d i d e s . 


A Rood cowards Pallefie,d.n6. to giue them Hoftages, and alfo 
to lend away, and no more receiuc the Epidemiufgi, (Ma 
gidraccs ib called) which were lent \nto them yeere by 
yeere, from Corinth ; fearing left through the perfwafion 
of "^ Peydiccas,z\\d of the forinthians^ they fliould reuolt, and 
draw to reuolt with them their other Confederates in 
rbracc. Thefc things againtl thcTotUjMf, the A.hmUns 
had precontriucd.prefently after the Nauall. Battel! fought 
at Corcyra^ ¥ or the Coyintbians- and they were now ma 
nifeillyat difoence ; ■audT.rdlcc^tf, who before had 

]3 beene their Confederate and friend, now warred \'pon 
them. And the caufe why hee did io, was, tliat when 
hi^ Brother Philip .Mid Dordas loynQdin Armes againll 
him , the Athenians: had made a League with them. 
And therefore being afraid, hee both lent to Loccd^mofj, 
to negotiate the pcloponnefian Warre, and alio reconciled 
himfelfe to t\\Q QovMymns^xht better to procure the 
reuolt oipmid^di/Awd likewifehe pradlifed with the 
cideans of Thmce, , aild. with t\\t Bottiems, to reuolt with 
them. Hor if hee could make tliefe confining Cities liis 

Q Confederates, with the helpc of; them, hee thought his 
Warre wQuld bee theeafier; Whicb"theMf/;-wrf;?j per- 
celuing, and intending to preuentthe reuolf.of thefe Cit- 
ties,gaue order to the Commanders of tile Fleet, (for they 
were now fendijng tliirty Galhes, with adioufand men 6f 
Armes, vitder the command of Archeftram, the fonne of] .'^"j/^oSSir^*"' 
LycomMes, and tennc others into the Territories of Per die- \ c>"" in shore pares. 
c.^.s) both to r^eeiue Hoflages, of tht (poiid^ans.^ind to 
demolifli their Wallcs 5 and alio to hau& an eye to' the 
neighbouring Cities- , that they reuoltcd not. The Pa- 

Y) tid^ans hauing fent Ambaiiadoiys to. Athens, to try if 
they could peri wade the people not to make any alteratio 
amongdthem ; by other Ambailadours., whom they fent 
along with the Ambiihdoms o^ Coriath to Lacedamo^r, 
dealt with the Lnced^moninm attheiamctime, if need re- 
quired, to be ready to' reuenge their quarrell. When after 
long>.-«j, and no good- done, the ^leec 
was lent away againfl;them,noleHe then againll M^c^fl^flvfl; 
and when the Magiflrates oi Laceddmon hid^i-oiiiittd 
them, if the Atbcmayis went to'Potid^a, to in\'ade Attica then 

E at lall they reuolted, and together with them, t\\tChal- 

The Athemm gate oiiet 

cideans and Botti^arts^'ali mutually fvvorne in the fame.Con 

The Po!itiiea»i feekc the 

The re Jolt ofPoti^ifii, 
Roti'ca, and Chalaitic, 



TVe AiherihnWcx., find- 
in^Tcudm and oiher 
Cines already loft, goc 
into Macidor.u. 

IhcCtrtntVuim Tendtlicii 
Forcct to Tel/**?* to de- 
fend it. 

• Archtr!,(Lsr!m,tndthe 
bl^e, thjt vere wf jirmoi& 

The Atl'twm Tend forces 
againft Puidx^ 

Thtrme. after caUcd 
Theff^alonic^, now Sa 

'^ vftiTcthmurM'.. 

^he HiJIory of Tny c^ DID ES, Lib.i. 

fplracy. For Pcrdicccu had alio perfvvaded xhtQbalcideans, A 
CO abandon and puU dovvne their maritime Townv^s, and 
to '^OQ vp and dwell at Olynthnf, and that one City to make 
llrong : And ^nto thofe that remoiicd, gaue part of his 
ownc, and part of the Territorie of SHuydonia, about the 
Lake Dolbi, to hue on, lb longas the Warreagainil the 
Athmdns fliould continue. So when they had demolifhed 
their Cities, and were gone vp higher into the Countrey, 
they prepared themlelues to the Warre. 

The Athenian Gal lies, when they arriued in Thrace, 
found /'o.'/WrtJti and the other Cities, already reuolted. And g 
the Commanders of the Fleet conceluing it^ to beimpofsi- 
blc,with their prefent forces, to make Warre both againlt 
Perdiccas and the Townes reuolted, kt faileagaine for Mtj- 
cedoniih againll which they hadbeene at firlt feiitout, and 
there ila)ing, ioyned with Philip, and the brothers o^Dcr- 
diu, that had invaded the Conntrey from aboue. 

In the meane time , after Potid.ea was revolted, and 
whileft the Athenian Fleet lay on the Coall of ^Macedonia, 
the Corinthians, fearing what might become of the Citie, 
and making the danger their owne, fenc vnto it, both of q 
their owne Citie, and of other Peloponnefians^ which they 
hired, to the number of 1600. men of Armcs, and 400. 
* Ught armed. The charge of thefc was giuen to Arifi^uf, 
the Ibnne o^ Adimantw, for whofe fake molt of the Volun- 
taries o^Qorinth went the Voyage ; (for hec had beene euer 
a great Fauourer of the Potid^ans.) And they arriued in 
Thrace, after the reuolt of Potid^a, fortj^ dayes. 

The newes of the reuolt of thefe Cities, was hkewife 
quickly brought to the Athenian people; who hearing 
withall of the Forces fjnt vnto them, vndcr Ariflcctu^ fent 
forth againll the places reuolted, zooo. men of Armes, 
and 40. Gallies, \nderthe Condudl o^Qallicu, the Sonne of 
Ca'Jiades. Thefe commingfirll into 'Macedonia, found there 
the former thoufand, (who by this time had taken Therme^ 
and were now befieging the Ckyo'tPydna -, ) and Haying, 
helped for a while tobefiege it with the reil. But fhort- 
ly after, they tooke compolition ^andhauingmadea *ne- 
cefary League with Perdiccat, (vrged thereto by the af- 
fciircs of poiid^ea ^nd tlie arriuall there of Arijiawjdepirticd 
irom^yliacedonia. Thence comming to /5;?r/'a?.;, they at- 
tempted to take it : but when they could not doe it, they 




The Hifloy ofT h v c y d i d e s. I 

A turned backe, and marched towards Potid^a by Land 
They were of their ownc number 3 000 . men of Armcs, 
bcfides many of their Confederates 5 and of ^Macedonian's 
that had ferucd with Philip and Paufanias6oo. Horfe-tnen. 
And their Gallies, 70. in number, kyVm^ by them aIoni> 
the Coaft, by moderate lournics, came in three dayes to 1 
Gigonui.znd there encamped. 

T'he Potid^ans and the Peloponnefians vnder Ariflceiu, m 
expec^tation of the comming of the Athenians^ Jay now en- 
camped in the Iflbmm^ ncere vnto Oiyntlw, and had the 
B Market kept for them without the Citie .- and the leading- 
of the Foot, thI'Confederatcs had afsigncd to Arifl^us, an3 
ofthcHorfe, to Tcfdiccoj: ffor hee fell off againe pre- 
iently from the Atbenims^ and hauing left Ulam Gouer- 
nour In his place, tooke part with the '?(7f/V,e^«^.J) The 
purpofcof.^'/7/'?.m.»was, tohauethe body of the Armie 
withhimfelfe within the ^ Ifllmm, and therewith to at- 
tend the comming on of the Athenians^ and to haue zhccba/- 
cidsam and their Confederates without the Ifthmw.and alfo 
thcioo- Horic vnder Perdicccu, to ftayin Olynthtu, and 
I when the Athenians were pafl by, to come on their backs, 
and to encloze the Encmie betwixt them. But Ca/Iiaj the 
Athenian General!, and the rell that were in Commifsion 
with him, fent out before them their ^Ucedonian Horfe- 
men, and fome few of their Confederates to Olyntbusjio Itop 
thole within from making any fally from the Towne, and 
then dillodging, marched on towards ^ofMa. When they 
were come on as far to as the Ifthmm, and faw the Enemie 
make ready to fight, they alfo did the like, and not long af- 
ter, they ioyncdBattell. That wing wherein was 
D himfelfe, with the chofen men of the Corinthians and o- 
chers, put to flight that part of their Enemies that flood 
oppofite vnto them, and followed execution a great w-ay 
But the reft of the Army of the Potid^am and Peloponnefi- 
ans were by the ^^ithenians defeated, and fled into the Citie. 
And Arifl^as, when hee came backe from the Execution, 
was in doubt what way to take, to Olyntbiu, or to (potidsa. 
In the end, hee refolued of the fliorteft way, and with his 
Souldfers about him, ranne as hard as hee was able into 
Tjtid.t.1, and with much adoe got in at the Pecre, through 
E the Sea, cruelly fhot at, and with thcloile of a few, but 
fafetyof the great^ft part of his company. Alfoone as 
... : F the 


rvbere they wit e. 

the ^thenuini. 


The Hiflory of T'h v c y d i d e s. Lib. i. 

The ^4themdm bectnnc 
i befiege Vetid^a. 

The Aihtniam fend Vhor- 

I with 6000. men of 
Arniei, to i'oWi/w. 

I'otidita nraightly bcfic- 
gcd onallfidcj. 

The aduice of AriP.tut, to 
.carry j11 the people but 
.5 so.mcn out of the City, 
ihii their vifluall might 
ihv better holdout, rc- 

I .-f'il«««geitethout of 
|thcCitty, vnfeencof 
I pc A.binum. 

die Bacceli begaime, tliey that Ihould haue feconded the A 
fotidecins from Olyntbw, (for it is at moll: but 60. Furlongs 
off, and in light) aduanceda little way to haue ayded 
them ; and the siMacedonian Horfe oppofed themfelues 
hkevvifeinorderofBatteil, to keepe them backe. But 
the ^Athenians hauing quickly gotten the Victory, and the 
Standards being taken downe; thcyretyred againe, they 
of 0/>'»//;iw, into that Citie; and the Macedonian Horfemen, 
into the Armie of the Athenians. So that neither fide had 
their Caualleryat theBattell. After the Battell, the ^- 
theniiins creeled a Trophie, and gaue truce to the Totideam^ B 
for the taking; \'p of the bodies of their deSd. Of the ^Or 
//W^^??j and their friends, there dyed fomewhat leile then 
300- and of the Athenians themkhits 150. with Calliusy one 
of their Commanders. 

Prelentlyvpon this, the i^?^^m4wjraifed a Wall before 
the Citty, on the part towards the Iflhmiu, which they 
kept with a Garrilbn,but the part to 'P.2i?<?«^- ward, they 
left vn walled. , For they thought themfelues too fmall a 
number, both to keepe a guard in the IJUmuSy and. withall 
to goe oueriandfortific in "Pji/fwcf, fearing left thc^otidaans Q 
and their Confederates fhauld alTault them when they 
weredeuided-, When the people of .Athens vnderftood 
that ^vtid^a was ,vnwalled.on the part toward Tallency not 
long after they fent thither 1 600. men of. Armes, vnder 
the Condud: of ^hormio , the Sonne of Ajopiiu : who 
arrijuiugin^j/i^^, left his Gallies at Aphytif, and march- 
ing; ealily to ipot/V**^, wafted die Territory as hee paiTed 
through. And when none came oiit to bid him Battel], 
heeiaileda Wall before the Citie, on that part alfo that 
lodketh towards ^allene. Thus was 'Petid^a on both fides D 
ftroiigly befieged,; and alfo from the Sea, by the Athenian 
Gallies, that came vp and rode before it. 

Jiriftenii feeing the Citie; enclofedon euery fide, and 
without hope of fafety, faue what might come from Pe;- 
loponneftu, or fome other vndxpefted way, gaue aduice to 
all but 500. taking the opportunity of a Wind, togoeout 
' by.iSea, that the prouifion might the longer hold out for 
the re{l • and of them that fhould remaine withiit, ofFe- 
red liimfelfc to bee one. But when his counfcU tooke not 
place, , bceing dcfirous to fettle their bufineilc, and make E 
the beft of their affaires abroad, hee got out by Sea, vn- 


Lib.i. T/je Hijlcrj o/T uv CY DID Es, 

A fecne of the Athenian Guard, and (laying amongfl tlie CJm!- 
cidean^, ainongfl otJier actions of the Warre, laid an Am- 
bufh before Semylay and flew many of that Citie, and 
follicitcd the fending of ayd from ^cloponmliiu And Thor- 
;«/(?, after the Siege laid to /Jo//^<e.i, hailing with him his 
1600. menof Armes, wafted thelcrricories of the (^jai- 
cideans and Bottieans, and Ibme iinall Towncs he tookc in. 
Thefc were the Quarrels betweenc the Pelopomefutm 
2indt\\<t Athenians. The (^V/«r/;/^«j quarrelled the AJjeni 
arts, for befieging Potid.ea, and in it, the men of Qorinth and 

B n^eloponnffui. The Athenians quarrelled the Teloponnefians, 
for caufing their confederate and tributary City to reuolt ; 
and for that they had come thither, and openly fought a- 
gainftthemin thcbehalfcof /><?//V^^. Neuertheleiie the 
Warre brake not openly forth as yet, and they yec abftai- 
ned from Armes 5 for this was but a particular ac^lion of 
die Corinthians. 

BV T when -^otidcea was once befieged, both for 
their mens fakes that were within, and alfo for feare 

Q to lofe the place^they could no longer hold. But out 

of hand, they procured of their Confederates to goe to La- 
ced^mon; and thither alio they went themfelues, with 
clamours and accufations, againftthe Athenians^ that they 
had broken the League, and wronged the Pelopomefians. 
The y^^_^/«^i;^, though not openly by Ambailadours, for 
feare ofthe^?/;-«/>.'J, yet priuily inlligated them to the 
Warre as much as any ; alledging that they were not per- 
mitted to gouerne themfelues according to their owne 
Laws,as by the Articles they ought to haue becnc So the 

D Lacedemonians hauing called together the Confederates,and 
whofoeuer elfe had any iniuftice to lay to the charge of the 
Athenians^ in the ordinary * Councell of their owne State 
commanded them to Ipeake. Then prcfented euery one his 
accufation; and amongfl: the reft, the Mcgareans, befides 
many other their great differences, laid open this efpecial- 
ly. That contrary to the Articles, they were forbidden 
the Athenian Markets and Hauens. Laft of all, the Qorin- 
thians, when they had fuffered the Lacedaemonians to be in- 
cenfcd firll by the reft, came in, and faid as followech. 




AndflayiDgin ChMdica, 
llcwceruincof ihe City 

P/7jr»M vMrtcth the Tcr 

1 lionet of the ^W(;</Mni 

The follicltation ofche 
W'arrc by the Cvrimhiar.i, 
and other Confederates 
of the i-acedttmamans. 

CompI jints exhibited 
agaiiift the Aihiiiians in 
the Coanccll oi Sparta. 

h^dthe Sou.rjigTtay, tiiet a 
tofy, bifontht rUiflo- 


The Hiflory o/Thvcydides. Lib. t. 


Ambaffadours of C o r i n t h. 


MEn of hzCQdxiwon, your own fdclitj^hoth in matter ofeflate 
C^ conuerjation,mak.cthyou, the lejje apt to heleeueys ,lohen we 
iiccufc others of the contrary. And heerehy you ^aine indeed 
a reputation ofcjuity, but you htue leffe experience in the affaires oj 
Forraine States. For although tpehaueoftentimesforetoldyou/hatthe 
Athenians Ti'ould doe vs a mtfchiefe 5 yet from time to time when 
H^e told ityou^you neuer "^ould take informatio ofit-but hauejujj>ecied B 
rather, that what fi^c [pake, hath proceeded from our oivnc priuatc 
■ differences. .And you haue therefore called hither thc/e Confederates, 
I not before "^ee hadfuffered, but now, Ifhen the euill is already ijpon 
<T'5. before Hyho^n^ our (peech mufi beefo much the longer ^ by how ^ 
much our ohicSiions are the greater, in that wee haue both by the A- 
thenians bcene iniurcd, and by you neglected. Jf the Athenians 
lurkinginfome ohfcurc place J?ad done theJelt>roym njnto the Gre- 
cians, weepould then haue needed toproue the fame before you, a6 
to men that knew it 7Jot. 'But now ti>hat caufe haue wee to n^fe long 
di/courje, ivhenyoufee already thatjome are brought into feruitude, Q 
and that they are contriuing the like againji others, and efpecially a- 
gainft our (Confederates^ and are themfelues, in cafe Warrejhould be 
made againfl them^ longfince prepared for it ? For el/e they would ne- 
uer haue taken CorC)Ta, and holden it from njs by force, nor haue 
befiegcd PotidcEa, Ti^hereof the one was mofi comynodieu^ for any 
action againfl Thrace ^ and the other had brought <vnto the Pelo- 
ponnelians a tnoftfaire ]>(auie. Andofallthis, you are your felucs 
the authors, in that youfufffered them ^ Vpontheend of the Perfian 
Warre Jo fhrtifie their Cttie ^ and agaiyie afterwards to raife their 
Long Walks ^ "thereby you haue hitherto depriued of their liberty ^ not D 
ofiely the States by them already fubdued^ but alfoyour ownc Confede- 
rates. For not he that hringethintoflauery^ but he that being able to 
hinder it^ neglects the fame ^ is mofi truely faid to doe it • ejpecially tf 
they ajfume the honour to be the efleemcd Deliuerers of Greece, [as 
you doe,] /.nd for all that,Ti>e are hardly yet come together, and indeed 
not yet ^ Ti?ith any certainercfolution tt>hat to doe. For the queftion 
fJmddno haue bcene put ^ Whether ^ or 7tot, wee haue receiucdiniurie, 
but rather, in what manner we are to repair e it. For they that doe the 
wrong, hauing confulted <vpon it before -hand, 'vfe yio delay at all, but 
come ypon them whom they mea?ie to oppreffe, itfhilcjl they beyetirre- E 
folute. And we know, not onely that the Athenians haue incroached 


Lib, I. T/>^/////onVc/ TUVC YDID E5. 

A '^.'pon thetrneighbours ^hut alfo by tfihat Ti^ayes they haue done it. yfnd 
(IS long AS they th'tnh they carry it clofcly^ through your hlindneffe, 
they are the lejje bold. 'But ivkw they jhall pcrceiue that you fee ^ 
and Vtll tiotjee, they lUll thenprcjfe ^fsjirongly indeed. For ('Lace- 
dxmoniaiisj you are theoncly men of all (jreece, that fitting flillj 
defend others^not with your Forces, butivith promifes ; and you are 
alfo the Quely men, that louc to pull downe the power of the Enemie,,not 
'A'hcn itkginmth^ but when it is doubled. Ton haue indeede a report 
to bee fure • but yet it is more in fame that^ then infafi. For 'fi?e our 
/clues know J that the Perikn cameagainfi rcloponncrus,y5o;« the 

g ijtmojl parts of the Earth, before you cncountred him^ as becameyottr 
State. And alfo now you conniue at f/;e Athenians, "^ho are not as 
the Midcs ^farreofi', but hard at hand .^ c hoofing rather to defend 
jour fellies from their innafton^ then toinuade them • and by hauingto 
doe with them when their flrength is greater] to put your /clues <vpon 
the chance of Fortune. Andyet ^>fe know., that the Barbarians own 
crrour,and (in our Warre againjl the Athenians^ their owne ouer- 
fi^^hts^ more then your afsifiance,Ti'a4 the thing thatgaue^s ijiBory. 
For the hope of your ayde, hath beene the de/lruciion offome, that re- 
lying onyou, made no preparation for themfelues by other meanes. Yet 

Q let not any man thinke that "H^efpeak this out of malice, but only by ^ay 
efexpoflulation :for ex population is fi^ith friends that erre, but ac- 
cufation, agaiiif: enemies that haue done an iniurie. Beftdes, if there 
bee any that may challenge to exprobrate his neighbour ^ Ti?e thinke our 
f clues may bcft doe it^ e/pecially on fo great quarrels as thefe^ "thereof 
yonneitherfeeme to haue any feelings nor to confiderlchat manner of 
men^ and how di/ferent from you in euery kinde the Athenians bee, 
that you are to contend'^ithall : For they loue innovation, and are 
fwifc to devife^ and alfo to execute ^hat they rejoltie on. But you on 
the contrary are onely apx to faue your owne j not deVife any thing 

D new, norfcarce to attaine ivhat is neccffary. They againe are bold 
beyond their flrength, adventurous aboue their owne reafon, and in 
danger hopejlill the beH : Whereas your actions are euer beneath 
your power., and you di/lriift euenfi>hatyour iudgement ajfures . and 
beingm a danger, neuer thinke to bee deliuered. They are /lirrers, 
}'0U jludiers : they loue to bee abroad , and you at home the 
viojlofany. Forthey }nake account by beeing abroad toaddeto the'w 
e/latc-^ you, if yoH pmdd goe forth again/l the Stute of another, 
yi^ould thinke to jmpayre your owne. They, ti^hcn they ouercome 
their enemies, aduance the farthejl, andtphcn they are ouercome by 
E their enemies . fall off'the Ica/i ^ and m for their Bodies^ they vfe them 
in thejeruicc of the Common-li>ealth^as if they "Pere none of their owne-, 

: F; -- hut 



TheHijlorj of Thv cYD IDES. Lib.i. 

hut their mimls^when they Ti^ouldfeme the State, areri^ht their omie. A 
FiilelTe they take in hand Ti?hat they ham once aduifed on, they Account 
fo much lofl of their owne. Md "^hen they take tt in hand, if they ob- 
tainc cmy thing, theythinke lightly of it, in refpe^ofTi>hat they looke 
to 'h'ifine hy their profecution. Iftheyfailc in any attempt, they doe 
Tpkit is necefjary for the prefent^ and enter prejently into other hopes. 
For they alone, both haue and hope for at once, Tthatfoeuer they con- 
ceiue, through their celerity in execution of'%>hat they once refolue on. 
Jnd in this manner they labour and toyle, all the dayes of their lines. 
What they haue, they haue no leafurc to enioy, for continual! getting 
of more. Nor Holiday cfteemc they any, but -^hereon they efjetlfome B 
matter profitable ; nor thinke they eafe "^ith nothiyig to doe, a leffe tor* 
ment, than laborious bufinefle. So that, in a Ti^ord, to Jay they are 
men, borne neither to reft thcmfelues^ norfuffer others^ is to fay the 
truth. ISlow mtwithflandingy {men of L2.ctdxm.0u) that this 
Citic,yourMuerfary, beefuch^asTi^eehauefaid ; yet youflill delay 
time- not knowing, that thojeonely are they, to -^hom itmayfuffice 
for the mojl part of their time tofttflill^ "A'/x) (though they rvje not 
their power to doe iniujlice) yet bewray aminde Unlikely to fwalk'^ 
injuries ; hut placing e^puity belike in thisj that you neither doe any 
harme to others j nor receiue it^ indefending ofyourfelues. 'But this is q 
a thing^you hardly could attaine J though the States aboutyou ti>ere of 
the fame condition, ^ut {as Ti>e haue before declared) your Cujiomes 
are in refpefi of theirs antitjuated, and ofnecefsity {ds it happeneth in 
Jrtes) the new ones "^ill preuaik. True it is, that for a City liuing 
for the moftpart in peace, njnchanged cuflomes are the befi ,• hut for 
fuch a^ bee conflrainedto njndergoe many matters, many deuices tPtU 
be needfull. Winch is alfo the reafon, Ti'hy the Athenian Cuflomes^ 
through much experience, are more new toyou,thenyours are to them. 
Here therefore giue a Period to your flackneffe, and by afpeeiy inya- 
fion ofAttiCZ, asyoHpromifed, relieue both Pocidcea, and thereU : J) 
lejl otherwifeyou betray your friends and kindred to their cruellejl ene^ 
mies . and lefl "^ee and others, hedriuen through defpaire, to feeke out 
fome other League. Which todoe;T^ereno iniufiice, neither againji 
the Gods, Judges of mens bathes^ nor againjl Men, the hearers of 
them . For not they breake the League, fi^ho being abandoned, haue re- 
courfe to others -^ but they thatyceld not their afsiflance, to ^hom they 
hauefworneit. Sut if you tneane to follow the bufineffe ferioufly , 
'^ee "^ill flay ; for elfe, "iuee fJ?ould doe irreligioujly , neither 
fmdd loee fnde any other, more conformable to our manners, then 
yourfelues. Therefore deliberate Ti^ell of thefe points , and take K 
fuch a courfe , that Pcloponnefus may not by your leading 


L 1 b. I. 7 he HiJibrie'of'^T h v c y d i d e s . 

j\ fall into Ti>orfe eft ate, thmit ffM lefi 'Vnto'yon by ymr ^t6- 
gemtors. /• A '..i . •• ■'.■^^t^•1(\\o vr\ .miv^wyy 

Thus fpake the Qorinthmm.'' ' • ••' • ^ -•v/rV^ WnAtA n^i,- 
l^ho. Athenian Ambailadours fwho chanced to bee'refi- 
ding in Lacedamon ^vpon thcirbufineire) when they heard 
of this Oration, thought it fit to prefentthemlelues be- 
fore the L^f(?^^rao«/4/?i, not 4;o make Apologie for what 
they were charged with by thpother Citties, but to fliew 
in generall,' that it was not fit for them in this cafe to take 
any fuddjn refolution, but further time to confider. Alio 

3 theydeiired tolay open the power of their Citty- to the 
cld^r fort, for a remembrance bf what they knew already » 
and CO the yongcr, for an information of what they knew 
not : fuppofmg, that when they fhould haue fpoken,they 
would encline to quietneile, rather then to ,Warre. And 
therefore they prefcnted themleiiaes before the Lncedamo- 
nmis, faymg. That they alio, if they might haue leaue, 
defired tofpeakein the Ailemblyj who willed thefn to 
come in .- And the Atbeniam went into the Aflemblvj and 
fpake to this cffed^. ) n\ * idi m i%.4 ii^-tf iViVitxck ^Ai vA\ s\wt . 


a-.Ty:>i •u.v^^ l^;.* "T^'J^^V^ -«V« :i5' ■: 


T Bough our Ambafage r^OJ not to this end, that •a>eefh'ould}ir- 
gue again ft our ConfedertiieSy'but about Juch other <.Afaires 
CIS the Citie "^eas pleafed to employ O'S in; jet hauirtg heard 
of the great exclamation againfl r^syToee came into the Court, not 
tomakeanjrcerto the criminations of the Cities (for to pledde be- 
fore you here, ^erenotfci 'pleadebefofe the Judges either 'of them 
D cr ys) but to the endydumay not bedrawne may Jo take themrft 
refolution, at the per/vafon of the Confederates, in matters of (o 
great importance. And mthall.'touching thefumwe of the Oration 
made againftrvs,to,mforme\you,tku yphatioeepi^Jfelfe, weehau^ 
it iuftly, and that our Qtie defer ueth reputation. But iphat heede 
'^eenoptoJpeAke of matters hii^p^ii, confirmed more by'h'ear^- 
fay, then by the eyes of thofe that lure to heare^ i^s relate thm^ 
But our anions agamft the Verii^Uy and fuch a^ you your f cities 
kr^ow ai ^ell Oi y»eet thofe, though it bee tediom ii) beare themeuer 
ob]e6i^^, "SveemufiofHecef^ity recite.;^ For '•^hth'^ee didthirfi, "^e 
E hazarded our [elussforfome ben^Jitfdf'f»bich,you as had youi' parts 
itt thefubftance,fo mufi T»ee haue ours {if that be my benefit) in 'the 



The Athnian AmbafTa- 
Jours, rcfiding in /.arcic 
mon, vpon t'.-.ui bufi- 
ncfli-,<i;.f!re to rr jkc aa- 
fwcr to ilic Oration cf 

^ .in 2 in 5 rf: A 



ne Bijlory ofTnwc 



' O/Salsmis. 

' The Athenian?, at th 

v'oin tbtjp'^ ihe/nfelues into 
e/td children tnio jtfina, 

commeftwrat'ton. And Tifeejhall make recitall of them, not hy Ti^ay ofde- A 
brtcat'mu ht^t of ^rotejlation, and declaration ofTahat a (my (in cafe 
you take ill adVice) you haue to enter the lift "^'ithall. Wee therefore 
fay ^thaf^ce not ontly jirjl and alone Jja^rded 'Battell againfl the 
Barbarian m the Fields of Marathon, hut alfo afterwards ^yi;hcn 
hce came againejheeingnjmble to reftft him hy Land^ embarqucd 
our felues ^euoy man that wM ahle to heare ^rmes, and gaue him 
'BatteU amongU the reft, hy Sea^ at Salamis j Si^hich "Was the caufe 
that kept him hacke from failing to V c\o^om\?i^us, and I ayingitw aft e 
Qttie after Cittie : for againft jo many GaUies^you were not able to 
gtue each other muluall Juccour. And the greateft proofe of this is g 
the Perfian him/elfcj who when his Fleet was ouercome^ and that hee 
had no morefuch Forces ^ ft)ent away in hafte, T^ith the greateftpart of 
his Armic. Which being fo, and euident^ that the lohole State of the 
Grecians, was embarqued in their Fleet, Tt>e conferred to the fame, 
the three things ofmoft aduantage ; namely, the greateft number of 
GallieSj the moft prudent (ymmander^ atid the moft liuely courage. 
{Forof^co. dallies inthe whole, ourowm T^ere few lefje then two 
thirds) and for Cow7MWer,ThemiIlocles, ^ho lt>as theprincipall 
caufe that the Sattell'^as fought in the^ freight ^lohereby he cleerely 
faued the whole hnfineffe^ and Tinhorn, though a Stranger, you your q 
felues haue honoured for it, more then any man that came <vntoyoi4 - 
and afor'liPdrdneJfe "U^eejhewed, mere adventurous then any other, in 
this, that yi^hen none of themhad aydedys by Latid before, and the reft 
of the Cities, 06 farre as to our owne, Tcere brought into fer^ntude , wee 
iDcre ncucrtheleffe content, both to quit our Qtie, and lofe our goods, 
ami euen in that eft ate, not to betray the Common C^ufe of the Confe- 
derates, or diuidcd from them, to bee njnyfefuU-^ but to put our felues 
into our Nauie, and <vndergoe the danger T^ith them, and that 
"Without pafsion againft you, for not hauing formerly defended Vs in the 
like manner. Sothatwemay fay, that wee haue no lejfc conferred a 
benefit 'VponyoUjthenwcereceiued it fromyou. You came indeed to 
aydcnjs, but it '^a^ from Cities inJ^abited, and to the end you might 
fliUkccpethcmfo-^ andlcheny6u "^ere afraid., not of our danger, 
but your owne : "whereas Ti>€e, comming from a Citty 710 more in 
* beings and putting our Jelues into4anger,fora Citty, hnpelejfe cuer 
to hee againe ; faued both you {in part) and oftr jelues. 'But iffiiee 
had ioyncd with the Vcr^i^n, fcarifig (as others did) to haueourTer- 
ritories "Rafted ; or afterwards, <is men loft, durft not haue put our 
felues into our Gallies, you muft ?iot haue fought "^ith him hfSia, he- 
cau/e your Fleet had beene too fmall-^ but his ajfaires had fiiCceeded 
as hee l^ouldhimfelfe. Tl}erefore(menofheLCQdxmon) TfedeferHe 



L 1 b. I. ^hc Hijhric o/.T uv cvpiD^s. 

A notJb^rca:c}i'vicoftheQ:^Siins,far our courcige at that time, and 
for onr prudence, and for the domnion IVec hold, ai wcc nojp' njndcr- 
(TQC. Which dominion TV cc obia'mednot hy a.'iolence, but becaujc the 
C on fedo'atcs^^vhenyour /cities yDould not Jlay out the reliques of the 
Warre againjl the Barbarian, came in, andintreated -xis to take the 
co»i7naud^ of thctr owne accord. So that at frjl. wee m^ ere forced to 
aduancc our Dominion to Tt'hat it is, out of the nature of the thing it 
Jelfe . as chiefly for fcare^ next for honour, and lafilyfor profit. For 
ivhen ')Vee had the cnuie of many, andhad reconquered jdme that had 
already re^^olted, and feciiigyou '^erc no more our friends^ as you had 

3 beene,hutfufpcciedandquarelled'vs^ Tipce held it no longer afafe 
conrjc^ laying by our power ^ to put our f dues intoyour danger. For the 
reuolts from a:s^'^otdd all haue beenemade to you. ISlow it is no 
fault for men in danger^ to order their affaires to the bcft. For you aU 
fo (^men of \^2.ctdxmQVi)haue command ouer the Qties of Velo-| 
ponnduSj and order them to your bejl advantage: and had ycuj 
* Ti?hen the timc^'as, by ftayim it out,hcene enVied inyour Command \ 'J!'fn''^'"? ^'"•'"'"'"' 
a^lveekmw H^ell, you would kmc becne 7io leffe hcauy tothe CQ7ifede-\l''"'-'''"^^''"i'-'""i^»'^'"- 
rates, then T^ 7nujt haue ifcetie conjtramed to rule tmperioufly,' ^"ci,4,k>,[Cmmu;<i,p,ocH. 
or to ha ue falne into danger. So that, though ouercome by three the\Zi!s%hiej!thcu'cedi- 

C erwre/? thinzs, honour, feare, and profit "^ee haue ^th accepted' "'°"i^n^"'«^"i:;'«'^' 

*-^«^ /_0>' > ^ r f _ r j hut.'.e, they put Ujcmi:t:tti 

the dominion dcUuered ^vs^ andrsfufeagainttofurrender it, li>ee haue i ''"f" '^« ieidmio;tji 
therein done nothing to be wondered at ^ nor heftdethc mariner of men. j 
'Kor haue 'ifee bcenethe firjl in this kinde,^ but it hath beene euer a 
thingfixedfor thc^cakcr to' be kept a^ndcr by theflronger. 'Befides, j 
we tookc the gouernmcntvpon <vs yOa ejlecmingour flues Itxjrtlry of 
the fame ; and of you alfofo efteemed, till haning computed the commo- 
dity, you now fall to allegation of ct^ui^ ; athingT^hich w man that 
had the occafton to atchieue any thing by Jirength^ eucr fo far re pre- 
ferred, as to diuert him fro:n his profit. Thofe men are irorthy of 

J) commendation^ whofollowingthe naturall inclination ofman^in deft- 
riftg rule ouer others, arc iujier^ then for their power they need. And 
therefore if another had our power, "ibe thmh it "^ould befl make ap- 
pear e our owne moderation ,• andyet our -moderation hathfvndeferucd- 
ly incurred contempt^ rather thn commendation. For though in pleas 
of Couenants Ti;ith our Confederates ^ when in our owne Citty Tt^e haue 
allowed them triallJbyLaws equallbothto them and Vs^ the Judgement 
hath becne giuenagain/lvs, "^ehaue then ncucrthelejjc beene reputed 
contentious. Non'; of them confidering that others, .Hfho in other 
places h.iue dominion,and m'C toward their fuhieH States lejfe moderate 

E then wee, yet are neuer ypbraydedfor it. For they that haue the power 
to compcll, 7ieed not at all togottaLaw. .Andyet thefe rnm halting 

G beene ■ 


^he Hiftorj 0/ T h v c y D i bis. Lib. i . 

and tyra] 

The Lutdtn-.eri.!'.! z- 
inongft thtmlclacs ta'i; 
Connlellbow to proceed. 

beoicvfed to cotiverjc wit}?')>s n;poneijiull temnes, if they lo/c any A 
thin f which they thiukc theyJhouU tm, eyther by Jentencc, or by the 
power of our <^oucmmcnt^they are not thankfull for the much they re- 
tamc^ buttake in'i^orje part the Uttletheyfor^oejthenifatfojl^iay- 
in-^ Law ajide,i»ee had openly taken their goods by Violence. For in 
that kmdciiifo^ they.thevifclues cannot deny, but the weaker muft.pue 
waytothejhmger. y{ndmen,itjeenies, are more pajsionate for in- 
tujlicejthen for Violence. For that fommingas from an equal ffeemeth 
rapine, atid the other ^ becaufe from one/ironn^r, butnccefsity. There- 
fore when they fuffcred worje things ynder the A^cdcs dominion^ they 
bore It, but thinke onrs to bee rigorous. /Indgooireafon • for to men g 
in fubie^ion.the prefcnt is eiier tJje worst e^iaf^e.. Infommh as you 
alfo, ifynujhoidd put Vs downe^andreigneyour/elues^youwoifld/oonc 
Hnde a change of the loue^ which they bcareyou now for fcare of Di, if 
youflmdd doe againe ^^you'^ didfor a tehilc, when you were their 
Commanders agamfi the Mcdes. For not onelyyour owne inUituti- 
ons are different from thofc of others ^ but alfo Ti^hen any one of you 
comes abroad [Ipith charge,] he neither afeth thoje of yours ^ nor yet 
thofc of the rejl o/Greece. Deliberate therfore of this agreafiphile ^as 
of a matter of great importance ; a?id do notypon the opinions and cri- 
minations of otber'i ; procure your owne trouble. Confider before you (^ 
enter Jmv ynexpeSied thichancts, ofWarre bee : for a long Warre 
for the mofi partendeth in calamity^ from y^hich t;>e arc equally far off, 
and "whether part it y^iU light on^is to be tryed ivif /; yncertainety . And 
7ne7ili?hen thcygoe to Warre^^fe many times to fall firjl to aEiion, the 
which oi{<rht to come behind ^andl^hen they haue already taken harmt, 
then they fall to reafoning. 'But fince we are neither infnch err our our 
fellies, nordoefnde that you are . Hfte adVtfeyou, l^hileflgood counfell 
is in both our eleSlions, not to breaks the peace, nor Violate your Oathes ; 
but according to the Articles, let the controuerfie bee decided by Judge. 
7nent ; or elfe '»:>eecall the Gods you haue fworne by to '^itncffe, that if j) 
you beginne the Warre, we will endeuourto reuenge our felues. the fame 
way thatyoufloall walke in before Vj;.>k p. ; ,;-..> o. .. ... ■ . -> .v\i . . 

Thus Ipake che Althenians:. .(kvu • uoi\t.Tj\.w; ^w'i, , \:^'^ 
After the Lrtcfii^woww/y had be'ard both the complaiiics 
of the Confederates againit the Athenians, and the Athenians 
Anfvver, they put them euery one out of the Court, and 
confulted of the bufineiVe amongll themfelues. And the 
opinions ofthe grcatel I part concurred in this. That the 
Athenians had done vniuilly , & ought fpcediJy to be warred 
on : But .W^iddwwj their King, a man reputed both wile £ 
and temperate, fpake as followeth. . ^ 



T/jv Bifhrie vf^ T' iW^Q^'l)1 ^. "| ,^5 

T H- B • 'O*^ A^^Pl ®<H'^V'. a •F.^'y ••^«•-^••^^ 

MC/y of yL^cij^m<^i}^J(>ilH oj 

the l^jyi^-^ iitjomucb- cts .yow'-cawiot .jkj^fc this Warn, ckh^A 

projitdhl? or fafe; -y^'id- iphofi^iicrJhS.jeml^^^^ confidcr the 
Wiirr^ ^)icenoinddiJj^r.^itipj:,J^^^^ it- tohu jio Jmall one. For 

^ thmivh in ref^ecbof.thspc\o)^Oi;i\\^^m\s,M^ migkhn^ir States;^ 
'^xeh<^Hee(iiii^{ll\r(M^l^^ya\^ulcmilfUckl^ them ^ yet avninfl 

tnenr'ii^hofe Ten^orji is fe-motf^ and are al/tf expert Seamen; and "iixth 
all other things excellently fwmjhed, a^ money, both^ritialc and puh- 
like,Sluppt>tg,HorJCf,Af'fiK,^,a^tdjiu>riher,'mQrethen any one part of 
(Jtr^iCQ^hejidcs ^ and^that haue many Confederates, paying them Tri- 
bute-^ againfi juch-lfay^riiihyjhpitld IVe H^hfly undertake the War re ? 
Andfince 'ii'ee are Mnfurnijhed., whereon refying^Jhoidd i^emake fubb 
hj/lebit? OnoHrKaine? "But therein Tue are too weake.. ^nd if 
^^>e "ivill proHide amlprefuire againjithem, it luiti require time. On our 
/- money ? But ther/malfo^e arejnoretoo Ti^eake ^ for neitfjer hath ths 
State any .jiior^Vdl pr mate men reaiily cmitrih'ute. But it ni4y be^fome 
rely on this, that'ti^ee exceed them in Mrmes,and multitude cfSouldi- 
ers, fo that ive ma^'^ajie theJrTenritories "^ith incurfions. But there 
is much other Land Vnder tlmiy^ldmnion, and by Sea they are able to 
brtnghn\hatfoeuer they fl>alljiand inncedbf. Againe, if wee affay 
to alienate their Confederates ^-^ee mufl ayde them "ivith Shipping, be- 
caufe the mofl of them are Ilanders. What a Warre then yi^ill this of 
ours bee ? For Vnlejfe we haue the better of them in Shipping, or take 
from them their reucnue, Ti^hereby their Nauy is maintained, we JJ?all 
J) doethe mojl hurttoour felues. And in this cafe to let fill the Warre a- 
game, "f^illbe no honour for ys , Hihen >e are chiefly thought to haue be- 
gun it. Js for the hope, that if ^e To aft e their Qountrey, the Warre 
Ipillfoone be at an end ; let that neuer Ift 'Its vp : for Ifeare Tt^ef^all 
tranfmit it rather to our children. For it is likely the Athenians haue 
the jfirit not to beflaues to their earth, nor as men Tvithout experience, 
to he ajlomjhcd at the Warre. And yet L doe not aduife that ypce 
fmuld jltipidly fuffer our Confederates tobeC^ronged, and not 
apprehend the Axhzmzns in their plots again fl them ■ butonely, not 
yet to take 1'/) Jrmes.but tojendandexpojhlate Tt^ith than ,7nakingno 
E great jjjcw yieither of'^ar,mr offujferance : and in this meane time to 
make our provifid^and make friends Jboth ofGrscks €^ Birbarians, 
G z Juch 


TJjeHijlorjofTny CY DID ES, Lib.i. 

\ fiich as in any place snee can get^ of power either in /hipping or 
money (nor are they to be blamed-^ that beinglaidinypait for^, as 
ypecare by the Athenians, take yntothem,not Grcdnns only, but 
alfo Barbarians for their fafety) and yoithall to fet forth our 
owne. IfthcytiJlentoourAmbajfadoiirs, befi of all; if not, 
then ni'o or threeyeerespafing ouerour heads ^ being better ap- 
pointed,'^eemayyvarreyponthem,ifv^e'Sipill. And when they 
fee our preparation, and heare words that import no leffe, they 
yiH 1 1 perhaps relent thefooner ,- efpec tally, hauing their grounds 
'y}nhurt,and confultingypon commodities extant, and not yet 
Jpoiled. For wee mtift thinke their Territorie to bee nothing but B 
anHojlage, and fo much the more, by how much the better 
husbanded. The yphich wee ought therefore to fpare as long as 
Si^ee may, left making them dejperate,yfe make them alfo the har- 
der to expugne. For iflpnfurnijhed as "^ee bee, at the in/liga- 
tion of the Confederates, we wafle their Territory, confider if in 
fo doing, -Soe doe not make the Warre both more diJJjonourable to 
the Peloponnefians, t?»^^//c> more. difficult. For though accu- 
fations, as ypellagainfi Cities, aspriuate men, may bee cleered 
againe, a-^arrefor thepleafureoffome, taken yp by all, the 
fuccefe "^'hereof cannot bee forefeene, can hardly with honour be Q 
letten fall againe. Now let no man thinke it cowardife,that be^ 
ing many Cities, -^egoe not prefently, and invade that one City; 
for ofConfederates that bring them in money, they haue more 
then ii->ee-3 and Warre u not fo much Warre of Armes, as Warre 
of Money, by meaaes -^hereof Armes are yfefuU ; efpecially 
yohen it u a Warre of Land-men, againfl Sea-men. And there- 
fore let ysfrflprouide ourfelues of money, and not fir jl raife the 
Warre, ypon theperfwafion of the Confederates. For yt>ee that 
mufl be thought the caufes ofalleuents,good or bad, haue alfo 
reafontotakefome leafure, inparttoforefee them. As for the j) 
(lacknelfe andprocraflination, wherewith-^eeare reproached by 
the Confederates, bee neuer ajliamed ofiti for the more hafte 
you make to the Warre,jou ipill bee the longer before you end it, 
for that you goe to it "Pnprouided. Befides, our Citie hath beene 
euerfree, aadicell thought of. And thu lohich they obiefr, u ra- 
ther to be called a Mode/ly proceeding ypon iudgement. For by 
that it u, that "B'^ alone, are neither arrogant Upon good fuccefe, 
nor jhrinke fo much as others in aduerfity. Nor are -^ee, yphen 
menprouoke ys to it ycith praife, through the delight thereof 
moued to yndergoe danger, more then Tvee thinke fit ourfelues ; £, 
nor ichen they/Jjarpen Tj ypith reprehenfion, doth the fmart 


Lib.i. ^^^ Hijiory ofT h v c y d i d e s. 

A thereof a lot the morepreuailea^pon ys. ^nd this mode fly of ours 
makcth ^s both good Souldiers, and good Comfdlours: good Souldt- 
ers, hecaufe f?am begcttethmodejly, and Valour is mojl fenfible of 
JhamC; good f^oHn/ellours , in this^ that "%>€( are brot^ht a;p more 
fimply^then to di/efteemethe Lawes^ and by feuerity^ more modeftly 
then to dijohey them. Andalfo in that^that Ti^ee doe not, like men ex- 
ceeding ipfe m things needlejfe, fnde fault brauely lt>ith the prepara- 
tion of the Enemiey and in eJfeH not ajjault him accordingly . but doe 
thinke our neighbours cogitations like our owne, and that the euents of 
Fortune cannot bedifcerned by a fpeech j and doe therefore alwayes fo 

B firnif) our felues really againjl the enemy ^ 04 againjl men "^ell adui- 
fed. For we are not to build our hopes ivpon the ouer fights of them, 
butyponthejafeforefight of our felues. Nor mufl wee thinke that 
there is much difference bet^eene man and man^but him onely to bee 
thebeftj that hath beene brought "Vp amongjl the mofi difficulties. 
Let Vf not therefore caflafide the institutions ofourAnceJiours^Tthich 
Tifeehauefo long retained to our profit ^ nor letVs, of many mens liues^ 
of much money, of many Cities ^ and much honour, hajiily refolue in fo 
Jmall a part of one day, but at leafure ; the li^hich lt>ee haue better com- 
modity then any other to doe, by reafon of our power. Send to the A- 

Q t\\Qm2Ln^j about the matter of)^otidxz,fe7id about that wherein th 
(Confederates fay they are iniured } and the rather, becaufe thy bee 
content to referre the caufeto Judgement : And one that offer eth him- 
Jelfe to Judgement, may not la-^fully be invaded, as a daer of iniurie, 
before the iudgement begiuen . and prepare withdl for the Warre ; 
Jo pall you take the mofi profitable counf ell for your felues, and the mofi 
formidable to the Enemy. 

Thus fpake Archidamus. 

But Sthenelaidas, then one of the Ephori, flood vp laft of 
all, and ipakc to the Lacedaemonians in this manner ; 





F Or my part ^Ivnderfiandnotthe many words vfed by the A.- 
thenians ; for though they haue beene much in their ownepraifes, 
yet they haue faid nothing to the contrary, but that they haue done 
iniury to our f on federates, and to Veloponnefus. Andiftheycar- 
ried them felues fi^eU againfi the M.cdts, when time was, and now til 
againft Vs, they deferue a double punifiment, becaufe they are mtgo^ 
E AS they "ftjcrg, and becaufe they are euill, as they were not. Now are 
>e the fame we T^ere, and medne not (if we be wife) either to conniut 
G^ at 


The Hiflorj fj/'THVCYDiDEs, 


' -\.v'9i(.Tnfeth lapilluj. 
Calculus, ^i Itilejioacor 
ball, a^itbket tlatgaiH^M 
t,cijcc,p:'t mtittSeXy eyil'cr 

fiat, tube plccfid. Tie A- 
ihenians vfedBcx}ic!,Miu 
dndbluk'* 7fce Venetians 
» vfe Belli, and ibe d:ftm-' 
Qwa u miic by iW Bex m- 
fcribcd \*i:b yea W no. 
The LHtdxnsir.uam by 
[he Atbitiiam had bro.en 
the I'eace. 


The true caufcof this 

\V?.ifc being the feme 
ic Ldctdtcmoaumhad of 
ic powcf of /lihini, the 
, ^ ^ 

l>,cv how that power 


af the won^s dons to our Confederates, or dejerre to repaire A 
them ; for the harme theyjtiffer:, if not deferred^ Others bans 
much monn\tminyGallies, andmanyHorfes ; mid ij-v'^ bane good 
Confederates, not to be betrayed to the Athenians, nor to bee de- 
fended -^'ith words -^ [for they are not hurt in i\-orMs)but tcbe'ayded 
yeith all our power, and mth jpeed. Let no man ttli mee, that after 
^^ee haue once rcceiued theinmrie, -^eeotight to deliberate. 'No, 
it belongs rather to the doers of iniurie, tojpend time in confultati- 
on. Wherefore [men of Laccda:nion) decree the Warre, as be- 
commith the dignity of SpuvU 3 and let not the Atheiiiaris^roir 
yet greater, nor let o-i betray our Confederates, but in the name of "B 
the Gods, proceed a^ainfi the doers of iniuflice.^' 

Hailing thus fpokcn, being himrelfc Ephore, hee put it 
to the qucllion in the Ailembly of the Lacedaemonians -, and 
faying afterwards, that hee could not difccrne whether wm the 
greater cry (for they vfed there to giue their votes i>iHa yoce, 
and not with * Ballesj and dcfiringrhat ic might bee eui- 
dcnt that their minds were endined molt to the Warre, he 
i put it Mitq th"f m againe,and faid. To -sphdfoeuerofyou itfeemetb 
that the Peace u broken, and that the Athenians haue done 'vn- 
iuflly, let him arife, and goe yonder. And withall he fhewcd Q 
them a certaine place -. Andtoyohomfoeueritfccmcthotberxcifc, 
let him goetojhe other fJe. So they arofc, and the Roome 
was diuided; wherein farre the greater number were thofc, 
that held the Peace to bee broken. 

Then calling in the Confederates, they told them, that 
for their owne parts, their fentence yccis. That the Athenians had 
done them f>r ongi Butyet they def red to haue all their Confede- 
rates called together, and then to put it to the queftion againe, that 
if theyycould, the Warre might bee decreed by Common confent. 
This done, their Confederates went home, and fo did alio D 
afterwards the ^^'f/;m^wi', when jihey had dilpatched the 
bulinefle they came about. This Decree of the Ailem- 
bly, that the Peace was broken, was made in the foure- 
teenth ycere of thofe thirty yeeres, for which a Peace had 
beene formerly concluded, after the acTtions paft in Euboea, 

THE L AC E DAEMON IAN S gaue Sentence, 
that the Peace was broken, and that Warre was to 
pr bee made, not fo much for the words of the Con- 
federates, as for feare the Athenian greatncllc ihould Hill E 
encreafe .- Eorthey iaw that a great part of Greece w^s 



The Hijhry ofTn v c y d i d e s. 


A fjlnc already into their hands. Now the manner how 
the ^Athenians came to the adminiilration of thofe affiircs, 
by which they fo railed themfelucs, was this : 

After that the,:^£,'^fj,ouercomeby Sea and Land,wcre 
xlcparted, and fuch of them as had efcaped by Sea to * }^y- 
cctU', were there alfo vtrerly ouerthrowne, Leotychides King 
of the Lacedamomam, then Commander of the Grecians at 
jJiAycah^ with their Confederates of Peloponnefus, went 
home : But the Athenians with their Confederates of [dnia, 
and the Helle(i}onty as many as were already reuolted from 

jg the * King, itaid bchinde, and bef leged Ss(tm^ holden then 
by the Medes, and when they had iayne before it all the 
Winter, they tooke it, abandoned by the Barbarians ; and 
after this' they fee iayle from the Heliejpont, cucry one to 
his owne Citie. And the * body ofche^ithenians, ailbone 
as their Territory was cleerc of the Barbarians, went home 
alfo, and fercht thither their Wiues and Children,and fuch 
goods as they had,from the places where they had bin put 
out to keep, and went about the reparation of their City ^ 
Walles. For there were yet flanding ibme pieces of the 
Q circuit of their Wall, and likevvife a few houfes, (though 
the moll weredownejwliich theprincipallof the Perfians 
had relerued for their owne lodgings. The Lacedemonians 
hearing what they went about, fent thither their Am- 
balTadours, partly becaufe they would themfelues haue 
beene glad, that neyther the Athenians, nor any other had 
had \Valles j but principally, as incited thereto by their 
Confederates, (who feared not only the greatneile of their 
Nauie, which they had not before, but alfo their courage 
fhcwadagainll the(P^/-y7»wf} and entreated them, not to 

D build their Walles, but rather to ioyne with them,in pul- 
ling do vyne the Walles of what Cities fpeuer without 
'Telo^onnejiu had them yet ftanding : Not difcouering their 
meaning, and the iealoufie they had of the Athenians ; but 
pretending this, that if the S^r/'^iri^w returned, hee might 
finde no fortified Citie, to make the Seateof his Warre, as 
hee did of Thebes : and that ^elopomefm was fufficient for 
the all, whereinto to retire, and from whence to withi'land 
the Warre. But the Atbcniam, by the aduice of ThemiRo- 
c/t?f, when the Lacedemonian Ambafladours had fo Taid, 

E difmiiled them prefently with this Anfwer, That they 
would prefently fend Ambafladours about the bufineile 

, the) 

Thcnicancsl;y w!iich 

the Athcmam cunc to 
haUK the comnunil of 
ilic common Forces of 
Cf:ecc ngainft tiu- I'ulkn, 
by which rlicy rnifcJ 
thcii Umpire. 

* ^ l'>on,Ofiliir:e in Afia 
ihc me, where ihc nmnunt 
»f Xcrxc* Flrttwjulefia- 

, lid, the famt tl.y lUl h:( ■ 
, JV !h the iL. jju, of Miuior 
I rMitlic:>Ce:«ra!!,aridal: 
I »-o/i their tfhak .Irmie »f 


I ■ O/PcrHa. 

j The Aitu/.iuits iQtumc CO 

I chcii City. 

• ni xBiVif, the State. That 
tt,tlHy)ntde Athens a- 
gJirieihe^a'cof th'iigo- 
Herni'ieat,vD' ireM bif'^/c It 
WIS in I -J" i-ket a.:d 

They r.paircthcif Citie, 
and wall it. 

j The XJCedMir.6iti.mi advife 
I thcin to the contrary for 
thtir owrie cad^.prcten- 
ding che Common good. 

Therr.'JJxIeszdvikth them ; 
to buiJd on. 


The Hiflory o/Thvcvdides. 


His fubtilty in deluding 
ihc Ucedxinmini, 

The bulling b^ncncd. 

rhamfixki gocih to La- 
cuUir.or. Ambafladour. 

mgniam to fend ^rnbatTa- 
dours, to fee if the Wall 
went vpj or hot. 

Hefendcth Letters to J. 
r^Bjfccrcdy, to hauc 
rhol'e Ambafladours flay- 
ed, till the reiutnc of 
hinilcltc and his fcUowcs 

And bearing that the 
Wallciwerc finifhcd, 
he iufUfictb ic 

rhey Ipake ot, to Laced.nuon. IS^ow Tbmifhcles willed A 
chem CO fend himfelfe to Laced^emon for one, and rhac ar> 1 
fpecdily as they could ^ but fuch as were cholen Ambaf- | 
ladours with him, not to fend away prefently, but to Hay 
them till the Walles were fo rayfed, as to fight vpon 
them from a fufficient height ; and that all the men in the 
Cicie, in the meane time, both they, and their Wiues and 
Children, fparing neither priuate nor publike edifice, that 
might aduance the worke .• bu : pulling all downc what- 
ioeuer, fliould helpetoraifeit. When hee had thus in- 
ibuCted them, adding, that hee would himfelfe doe the B 
rell ^t Laced^mon, he tooke his Journey. And when hee 
came to Laccdxmon, he went not to the State, but dek) ing 
the time, excufed himfelfe j and when any of thole that 
were in Office, asked him why hee did not prefent him- 
felfe to the State, anfwered, That he flayed far hu fellow- Am- 
bajfadoursy 'O'bo ^fonlomebufinejfe that fell out ^yecre left behind:, 
but he expeEled them wery fhortl)\ and yi>o}jdredth£y were not come 
already. Hearing this, they gaue credit to Themijlocles, for 
the loue they bore him ; but when others comming 
thence, averred plainely, that the Wall went vp, and that Q 
it was come to good height already, they could not then 
choofebut belieueit. Tbemiflocles, when hee law this, 
wifhed them not to bee led by reports, but rather to fend 
thither fome of their owne, liich as were honefl men, and 
hauing informed themlelues, would relate the truth. 
Wliich they alfodid. And Tbemiflocks fcndcth priuily to 
thQ.y'ithi'mfins. about the fame men, to take order for their 
Ray, with as little apparenceof it as they could,and not to 
difmilTe them, till their ownc Ambafladours were retur- 
ned. (For by this time were arriued thofc that were ioy- D 
ned with him, namely, Abronychui, the fbnne of Ly fides, 
and Ariflides, the fonne of Lyfmaclm, and brought him 
word that the Wall was of a fufficient height.) For hee 
feared left the Laced^monianSj when they knew the truth, 
would refufe to let them goe. The Athenians therefore 
kept there thofe Ambafladours, according as it was writ- 
ten to them to doe . Themifiocles comming now to his au- 
dience before the laced^emomms, faid plainely. That the Citie 
0/ Athens wxi already yoalled.and that Ju/ftciemly^ for the defence 
ofthofe within : And that if it jhall pha[e the Lacedaemonians, E 
fvpm any occafion tojend Ambaffadours -pnto them, they were to 
:• fend 

Lib. I. The Htjhrie »/ T' h v c r d i d p. s, 



A.ftnd thificeforiifarJ.^ us to m;n Vndtrfijoi tfhat ccnhcd both to 
their dTDm^ and alJQ to th: co:m)ion good of ali Gr/cecc. Fdr when 
[hey thought it heft to ifuit their (jti^y and put tl/emjelim into their 
GaRieSy he [aid they were iold to doe it, 'H'ithout asking the aduicc of 
thm. And in Common Counjell^ the nduice of the Achcilians wxi 
as good AS the aduicc of them : And notp at this time their opinion is, 
that it win bee b:j}, both for themjelues in particular , and for all the 
Confederates in common, that their Cttie fhould bee wailed. For that 
injlrength yneqiiall, men cannot alike and (equally dduife for the com- 
mon bene jit of (jtz^cq. TI)ercfor€ (fi'id heej eyther mufl all the 
]3 Confederate Cities beevnwalled, or youmu/i not thinke amijfe offi'hat 
is doiie by VJ. The Laccdxmomans when they heard hiitijihc 
though they made no Hicvv of being angry with the .yUheA^^^'^^"^-"'-'^^ 
nians, Cfor they had irot fent their Ambaiiadours ro forbid j 
them, but by way of aduice, to admonifh them not to ■ 
build the Wall ; bcfidcs they bare them affection rhenj 
for their courage fliewne againd the Mcdes) y^t they I 
were inwardly offended, becailie they milled of their vvilK i 
And the Ambafladours returned home of either ildc, | 
without coniplainc. Thus the Athsniant <:[\Xick\y raifed'TheWaiL-sof^;; 
(J their Walles, the ftrudrure it lelfe making manifeft the 
haftc \fed in the building. Fdr the Foundation confilleth 
ofllon:soFall forts; and thofe in fome places vnwrOught, 
and as they were brought to the place. Many Pillars al- 
io taken from * Sepulchers, and polifhed Stones were pi- 
led together amongll the reft. For the circuit of the City 
was fet euery way further out, and therefore haftcning, 
they tooke alike whatfoeuer came next to hand . TI)emiflo- 
cles likewifcpcrfwadcdthem to build vp the rell of^Tei- 
rdiis, (for it was begun in the yeere that himfelfe v/as * Ar~ 
D c/;>o« of ^f/;c/tf3 as conceiuing the place both beautifull, in 
that it had three naturall Hauens, and that beeing now 
Sea-men, ir would very much conduce to the enlarge- 
ment of their power. For hec was indeede the firft man 
thatdurft tell them, that they ought to take vpon them 
the command of the Sea, and withall prefencly helped 
them in the obtaining it. By his counfell alfo it was, 
that they built the Wall of that breadth about (?ir^us, 
which is now to be fcene. For two Carts carrying (lones, 
met, and palled vpon it one by another. And yet within 
E it, there was neither Rubbifh nor Morter, [to fill it vp,] 
but it was made all of great (lonss, cut fquare, and bound 
_^_____ H ^together 

! built in harte. 

i/chappcli^rmbes. Cor,' 
Nepos, in yiiiTbctniJl. 

' This vji before a l'"il!:fge, 

and now made ihefLthcniia 


* The GaucrnQur eftijt C'lit 

fjr tkuytere. 

Thfnijtodl! author to'tbs 
Alhc)iui,i\ of jfluming the 
dominion of the Sea,and 
of fortitjring T?cir4Hi. 


The na^orwihy rkemifto- 
affaires by Sea. 

Vaufin'u) fcnt Gcnerall 
thcrcliqucsot thcffrj:/»» 

■ Conftar.t'tKefle 

i P(itt/i.';(« growing info- 
I lcnt,ihc_/o;Hiwiottcn- 


on oi t\\c Athtmam. 

' T/;e lonians w. « "U Co- 
toitj eftAcpeop't "/Athens 

Taiifantiti fent'for home, 

In his abfcnf e, the Grtci- 
Mus giue the Albmans the 
leading of them. 

^he Hiftory o/THvcYDit>ES. Lit.i. 

j together with Iron and Lead. But forheight.ic was raifed A 
but to the halfc at the moil of what he had intended.For 
hce would iiaue had it able to hold out the Enemie,, both 
by the height and breadth j and that a few, and the leiie 
feruiceable men might haue fufficed to defend it, and the 
rell haue fcrued in the Nauie. For principally hee was 
addi6:ed to the Sea, becaufe (as I thinkej he had oblerued, 
that the forces of the King had eaiicr accede to invade 
them by Sea, then by Land ; and thought that i^irdu^s 
was more profitable then the City aboue. And often- 
times hee would exhort the /thenianSf that in cafe they g 
were oppreiled by Land, they Ihould goe dowue thither, 
and with their Gallies, make refiilance againft what 
Enemie foeuer. Thus the yithetiiaiis buik their Walles, 
and fitted themfelues in other kinds, immediately vpon 
the departure of the Terjwis. 

Inthemeanc time was^Paw/dnirftf the fonne of Cleomhro- 
tus^ fent from Lacedamon^ Commander of theGz-fauw, with 
twenty Gallies out otTeloponnc/us . With which wental- 
fo ^o. Saile o? Athens, befides a multitude of other Ccnfe- 
derates,and making Warre on Cypn^s, fubdued the greateft C 
part of the lame.; and afterwards, vnder the fame Com- 
mander,camebefore * !Bj;^fl«ri«w,which they befieged, and 

But Pjft/un/W being now growne infolent, both the reft 
ohhQ CreciansjZndi'pechUy the Io?iiam, who had newly 
recouered their liberty from the King, offended with him, 
came \nto the Athenians^ and requefted them for * confan- 
guinities lake to become their Leaders, and to protect 
them from the violence of 'Paufanias. The Athenians ac- 
cepting the motion, applyed themfelues both to the de- j) 
fence of thefe, and alio to the ordering of the reft of the 
affaires there, in fuch fort as it fhould feemc bell \Tito 
themfelues. In the meane time the L<tc-c£/.c;wo«w/w fent for 
^aufanuis home, to examine him of fuch things as they had 
heard againit him. For great crimes had beene laid to 
his charge by the Grecians that came from thence -, and his 
gouernment was rather an imitation of T)ranny, then 
a Command in Warre. And it was his hap to bee called 
home at the fame time, that the Confederates, all but the 
Souldiersof'Pe/o/;o««f/Kf,out of hatred to him, had turned jr 
to the Athenians. When he came to Lacedamonj though 


Lib, I. ^he Hijlorie c>/ T u v g y D i d e s. 

A he were cenfurcd for Ibme Wrongs clone to priiiice men,yet 
of the greaceft matters he was acquit, elpccialJy of JVIe- 
dizing, the which feemcd to bee the molleuident of all. 
Him therefore they fent Gcnerall no more^but Dofcui^'ind 
fome others with him, with no great Army 5 whofec<;>m- 
mand the Confederates refuicd, and they iinding that, 
went their wayes Ukewifc. And after that, the Lnccdctmo- 
nians fcnt no more ; because, they feared left iuch as went 
out, would prouc the worfe for the State, (as they had 
kcnd by Tauinni(U,)zuA alio becaufe they defired to be rid 
B of the psrfian Warrc, concciuing the ^^thenms to bee fuf- 
ficient Leaders, and at that time, their friends. 

When the Athenians had thus gotten the Command, by 
tlic Confederates owne accord, for the hatred they bare 
to Pau[anicu, they then kt downe an order, which Cities 
fliou Id contribute money for this Warreagaihfl: the Bar- 
hariam, ^nd which, Gallies. For they pretended to repairc 
the iniuries they had fufFered, by la) ing wade the Territo- 
ries of the King. And then firft came vp amongft the Athe- 
nians ^ the Office of ^ Treafur&s of Greece ^ who were recei- 
Q uersof the * Tribute^ ("for fo they called this money contribu- 
ted.) And the firfl: Tribute that wa^ taxed^ came to * 4^0: 
Talents. The Treafurie was at * Z>^/(7j, and their meet- 
ings were kept there, in the * Temple. 

jSTow vfmg their authority at firft,in fuch maner,as that 
the Confederates liuedvnder their own Laws,and were ad- 
mitted to Comon Councell ; by the War,and adminiftrati- 
on of the common afiaircs of Gr^^c^, from the 'Perfian War 
to tjiis,what againft the Barhrians.what againd their own 
innouating Confedefatcs, and what againft fuch of the Pe- 
D /^'/'^w^^A^w-^^s chanced alwaies in euery Warre to fail in, 
they efiFed:ed thole great matters following ; which alio I 
haue therefore written, both becaufe this place hath beene 
pretermitted by all that haue written before me. (For they 
haue either compiled the Grecian acSs before the invafion 
of the Per/ians, or that invafion only. Of which number is 
Hellanicui^ who hath alfo touched them in his Attique Bifto- 
rie, butbriefly, and without exaci mention of the times ;) 
and alfo becaufe they carry with them a demonftracion of 
how the .-if /;^m"d» Empire grew vp. 
E And firft, vnder the Conduft^ of Cimon ^thc fonne of AiH- 
tiadcs, tjjey toolvc Eion, vpon the Riuer Strjmon^ from the 
Hi Medes 


Ptufan'uts acquic, but fcnc 
Gcnerall nouiorc. 

The Ctu'arts rcfufc the 
comrnand of Dircj.lcnc 
from Sparta to be their 

The /tthen'umaffeiTc their 
Confederates, tor the 

The originall of the Tri- 
bute paid to the ^itbcman;, 

* 86150. pound flcrhng, 

• Not at ^ihcm,becauf>; . 
thtj would not fecmt . to dial- 
' Of Afoilo. 

The Hifiof)' ofthe time 
bctwcene the P«r/MW and 
PeltpdnneiiM War, pr«cr- 
mittcdby other V/ricetSj 
briefly dchucredb/ 

The fteps of the Athenm; 
toward (heir great Do- 
The Athfriuii take Ejw, j 


TheHiJlojy of TjivcY BIDES, Lib.i. 



And .V.J.x;«5tHeir Confe- 
dcraic,now Nicjia. 

The citk of rcioltt from 
the Atbtnimi. 

The Mmans defcste tbe 
I'trfUn, \yonihtKMii 


'Medes by fiege, and carried away the Inhabitants Cap- A 
tiues. yhsn zhtlic Scyrof, in the Aegean Sea, inhabited 
by the Dolopss, the Inhabitants whereof they alfo carried 
away Captiues, and planted therein a Colony of their 
owne. Likewife they made Warre on the Carifiians, (a- 
lonCjWithout the reft of the Euba.ins) and thofe alio after a 
time, came in by compofition. After this they warred 
on the reuoltcd Naxians, and brought them in by ficge. 
And this was the firll Confederate Citie, which contrary 
to the Ordinance , they depriued of their free eflate ; 
though afterwards, as it came to any of their turnes, they g 
did the like by the reft. 

Amongrt other caules of rcuolts, the principall was 
their failing to bring in their Tribute, and Gallies, and 
their refufmg (when they did foj to follow the Wa-rres. 
For the Athenians exadied ftridily, and were gricuous to 
them, by impoling a necefsity of toyle, which they were 
neither accudomed nor willing to vndergoe. They were 
alfo otherwife not fo gentle in their gouernment as they 
had beene, nor followed the Warre vpon equall termes, 
and could cafily bring backe to their fubiedtion, fiich as q 
fhould revolt. And of this the Confederates themfelues 
were the caufes .• for through this refufall to accompanic 
the Armie, the moft of them, to the end they might ftay 
at home, were ordered to cxcufe their Gallies with Mo- 
ney, as much as it came to. By which meanes, the Nauy 
of the Athenians yf^s incrcaied at the cod of their Confede- 
rates, and themfelues vnprouided, and without meanes to 
make Warre, in cafe they fhould rcuolt.' 

After this, it came to pafle, that the Atheniansznd their 
Confederates, fought againft the JMedes, both by Land p 
and by Water,vpon the Riuer o^ Eurymedon, in Pamphylia-y 
and in one and the fame day, the Athenians had Viftory in 
both ; and tooke or funke all the Phccnician'Bhet, to the 
number of zoo. Gallies. After this againe happened the 
revolt of ThaftUy vpon a difference about the places of 
Trade, and about the Mines they poflbfTed in the oppofitc 
pirtso^ Thrace. And the Athenians going thither with 
their Fleet, ouerthrew them in a Battell at Sea, and lan- 
ded in the Hand j But hauing about the fame time fent 
I oooo. of their owne and of their Confederates people, 
into the Riuer o^Strymon, for a. Colonic to be planted in a 
.. place 


The Hifiory ofT h v c y d 1 d e s. 

A place called then the Nine-T^dyes^ now ^mphipoUs, They 
wonne the faid Nine-Tffjyes, which was held by the ELioni- 
ans 5 but advancing farther , towards the heart of the 
Countrey of Thnjce, they were defeated at Drabefcus^ a Ci- 
tie of the Eidonians, by the whole power of the Tbracians, 
that were Enemies to this new-built Towne of the Nine- 
wayes. The Thafans in the meane time, being ouercome 
indiuers Battels' and befieged, fought aydeof the Lacede- 
monians, and entreated them to divert the Enemic by aniii- 
vafion 0^ Attica: which, vnknowne to the Athenians, they 

B promiredtodoe,andalfohad done it, but by an Earth- 
quake that then happened, they were hindred. In which 
Earth -quake, their * Hehtes.znd of neighbouring Townes 
the Thurinte, and Aetheans, rcuolted, and feazed on Jthome, 
Moil of thefe Helotes were the pofterity of the ancient 
M<;/.'«M^.S brought into feruitudein former times ; where- 
by alfo it cameto paflc, that they were called all Mepni- 
ans. Againft thefe had xha Lacedemonians a Warre now at 
Ithome. The r^4,^rf«j in the third yeere of the Siege, ren- 
dred to the Athenians^ vpon condition to ra-^e 

C their l-Valies; to deliuer Ofp their Gallics ^ i&pay both the money be- 
hinde, and for the future^ as much (U they, were mnt; anctto quit 
both the Mines and the Qontirtent. ■ The Lacedaemonians, when 
the Warre againft-thofe in Ithome grew long, amongd: o- 
ther their Confederates, fent for aide to the Aiheniansy who 
alfo came with no fmall Forces, vnder the command of 
Qmon: They wete fent for principally, for their reputa- 
tion in murall aflaults, the long continuance of the S'l^zi^ 
feeming to require men of ability in that kindej whereby 
they might perhaps hauc gotten the place by force. And 

D vpon this lourney, grew the firft manifefl: diflenfion be- 
twecne the Lacedemonians and the Athenians. For the La- 
cedemonians, when they could not take the place hy afTault, 
fearing left the audacious- and innovating humour of the 
Athenians, whom withall they efteemed of a * contrary 
Race, might, at the perfwafion of thofe in Itbome^ caufe 
fomc alteration, if they riaid j difmilled them alone of all 
the Confederates, not difcbuering their iealoufie, but al- 
ledging, that they had no fuither need of their Seruice. 
But the A;hsHians perceiulng that they were not fent away 

E vpon good caufc,^ but orielj^ as mefi fulpe(5led, made it a 
heynous matter 5 and conceiving that they had better de- 

__ Hj ierued 


They cake i^mphypeln, and 
afterwards recciue a 
great ouerthtow at Dra 

The tacetirmtntan'. inten 
<iing coinvadc ^Iticx^ arc 

* The Lacedsnionians 
eiKfbyedlhe Cgpt-uc, laticn n 
'fane, and their pojldny^ •> 
hii>bindty,ar.dii:b:r (cru'tlt 
rvo>l>cs,n:hicb w.uaUdmeb) 
I thi,l^?!dof>,,en,andihiy - 
I 'v:recii(/edl/yihe/>iiieiotc! 
fipUycd, were Capites 0/ 
the rov/ieo/HelosmLz- 
Thafu rendred to the ^■. 

The UcedamontaK f?nd 
Jn their Warre ,gaiaft ' 

The firft diffentioabc- 
twecnc the UcedtmMkm 

*TkeLaced.*moK'nns were 
Direans, the Alhtxivu, W- 

JhtAt^xniim beicg had 
infufpicion by tY.tUce- 
dtmn'om, ioyac with cLc 

^^ I The Hi/lory of Tnv CYD IDES. Lib. 

rhc Utlotts in Uh«ir.t,3hcz 
tcnycercs(iegc, com- 
pound, and quit Pdop'- 

thtm, andi>laccthcro in 

* Lep-tnto. 
Mtgt'd rcucltcth from 
the Liced'cmomm to 
the Atytyui/'i- 

' Tit Htuia mdAffenall 

Th* Aibnhini fend an Ar- 
mie into Egfft, to aydc 


Thc^thniM! fight by 
Sea, agiinft the Ctrimh'i- 
em and E'ldaurlmu 

fjrued ac the Laccdd^monianshiuA^^ as foone as they were A 
gon:, Icfc the League which they had made with the 
Lacedemonians againft theP^/^Wjand became Confederates 
with their Enemies the Argiues ; and then both Argiues 
zuA Athenians tookethe fame Qath, and made the lame 
League with the Theffalians. 

Thofe in Itbomc^ when they could no longer hold out, 
in thctenthycereofthcSiegCjrendred the place to the 
Ldti-^«€w;on/<j>;j,vpon condition offecurity to depart out ef Pc- 
loponnefus, and that they/bould no mote returns -j andyphofoeuer 
llouldbee taken returning, to bee the Slaue of him that jhuld take B 
him. For the Lacedemonians had before beene warned by a 
certaine anfvver of the Pythian Oracle, to letgoe the Suppliant 
of Jupiter Ithometis. So they came forth, they, and their 
Wiues, and their Children. And the Athenians, for hatred 
they bore to the Lacedemonians, receiued them, and put 
them into * NaupaBw, which Citie they had lately taken 
from the Locrians of O^oU. The JMegareans alio reuolted 
from the Lacedemonians, and came to the League of the^/^- 
thenians, becaufe they were holden downe by the Qorinthi- 
.i«r, with aWarrc about the limits of their Territories. Q 
Wherevpon S^egaraand P^^^ were put into the hands of 
the Athenians', who built for the JMegareans, the long 
Walles, from the Citie to * Nifea, and maintained them 
withaGarrifonoftheir owne. And from hence it was 
chiefly, that the vehement hatred grew of the Qorinthians 
againll the Athenians. Moreouer, Inarm, the fonne o^Pfam- 
metticm, an African, King of the Africans that confine on M- 
gypt, making Warre from Marea^ aboue phami, cauled the 
greateft part of Mppt to rcbell againll the King Arta- 
xerxes j and when nee had taken the gouemment of them D 
vpon himfelfe, hee brought in the Athenians to afsift him ; 
who chancing to be. then vygrringon Cyrm,wkh xoo. Gal- 
lies, part their ownCjandpart t{ieir Confederates, Ick Cyrus, 
and went to him. And going from the S^fi, vp the Ri- 
ucr of Kilus, after they had ^n^adc themfelues Mailers of 
the Riuer,and of two parts of the Citie of *J^(?»»;?/;f>,af- 
faulted the third part, called the ffte-W'"^//. Within were 
of the Slledc's and firfians, fuch as had efcaped, andof the 
Mgyptiaris,{\ich as had not revolted amongft the relt. The 
Athenims came alio with a Fleet to Halioj, and landing E 
their Souldiers, fought by Land with th(S Corinthians and 


Lib. I, Tl}^ Hijicrj ofT h v c y d i d e s. 

AEt'idaitrian$:>ii^'^'^t\\(iQormbiam had the Vi(5lory. Afcer 
this, tht Athmidm '^o\^^ht by Sea agaiiillthc Fleet of the 
'Pjlo^onnefiam aC * Qcrjphalaa, and the Jthemans had the Vi- 
ctory. After this ag^ine, che Warr^ being on foot of the 
^tbcniMts, ^gi'miX t:\\e ^.'^ineftt^ 2 great Bittell was fought 
bctvvecnethem;by S<td, vppn theCoafl of ^6;^/«rt,the Con- 
federates of both Ijdes being at the fame ; in which the A- 
tbenians hid th^ Vit^tory; and hauing taiten 70. GaUies, 
landed their Armie, and belicged the Cicie,vnder the Con- 
duct of L^ocMf^f, the Ibnne of Str^ku. After this, the 

B P-/o/70«wf//^«jderiringto a)de the Mgineu, fent ouer into 
J' gin a it felfe three hundred menof Armes,of thefaine 
that had before ayded ihc ,(ynnthians and Epidauriam, 
and with other Forces, feized on the top of * G.-ranea. 
And the (^orinthiany, and their Confederates, came downe 
from thence, into the Territory ofM^gara - fuppo/hig that 
the J' hdnians, hauing much of their Armie abient 'in Aegi- 
«^,and in /E^ypt, would bevnable to ayde the Megarenns, or 
if they did, would be forced to rife from before Jemia^ But 
the Athenians llirred not from AeginUi but thofe that re- 

C mained 2LtA:hens,hoth. yongandold, vnder the conduct of 
MyronideSi went to Me^araiSini after they had fought with 
doubtfuUvicTtory, they parted afunderagaine, with an o- 
pinion in both iidesj not to hauchad the worie in the A- 
ttlon. And the Athemans(\Yho notwithilanding had rather 
the better) when the Corinthians were gone away, ere(fted 
aTropliie. But the (^or/»r/{»/^w hauing beene reviled at 
their returnc, by the ancient men of the Citie, about i x . 
dayes after, cameagaine prepared, and kt vp their Tro- 
phic hkewife, as if the Vicflorie had beene theirs. Heere- 

p vpon the ^theniam fallyiugout oiJM-egara^ with a huge 
fhout, both flew thofe that were fetting vp the Trophie, 
and charging the relt, got the vi(S:ory . The Corinthians be- 
ing ouercome, went their way 5 but a good part of them, 
being hard followed, and mifsing their way, lighted into 
the inclofed ground of a priuatc man,which fenced with a 
great Ditch, had no pailage through .• which the Athenians 
perceiuing, oppofed them at the place by which they 
entred, with their menof Armes, and cncompafsing the 
ground with their light-armed Souldiers, killed thole that 
E were entred, with l\ones. This was a great lofle to the 
Corinthians; but the rcll of their Armie got home again 



After that.againftjhe 

Vilu^itmii fum, 

',S<j»ie lljriddoHtPe'iO- 

« not now l(>Mviie. 

Then agaAiiIl rlic Jiglniu 

The Cer'iml'.SHi aydc 

" A r'ldgt of a WHJf:'!^, before 
the cntjMeeitMibe iflhmus. 

The Cor'wthiani rcce'ue ; 
great lolTc in Migaru. 


The Hi/Iorj o/Thvctdides. Lib. i. 

The y^f''^"""" build ihci. 
long \Vallc«,from both 
fides of the City lo the 

•7hcDore3ni,the Mtthtr 
■?(at'!e>i oft<^e La^cdi-mo 
niins, mhabhcd a Me 
Ceanlrcy on lite ycrth fide ef 
Phocis,fj'W Doris. W 
Terapolis, from th: [o:.>e 
Cities It conlaJned ; ofrrhcb 
thofe hat mentiincd mre 
three, and lbs fmtbwjt 

' Gii!fe tfCoi\mh. 

The Uceddinmius fight 

1\k Athtriuai ouerthrow 
the Bxoiiiai «t 0(«»f J.^lu, 
[that ii tofay, the Vine- 
yards] andfubduc Bicotia 
and I'bicu, 

Aboucchis time zhcJihaMmb^gin the building of clieir A 
long Walks, from the Citic downe to the^Sea, the one reach- 
ing to the Haucn called Phaleroh, the other to Peir^w- 
The pbcccans alfo making Warre vpon Boeim, Cytmium, 
and Emeus, Tovvnes that belonged to the * Doreans, of 
whom the Ldced^monians are delcended, and hauing taken 
one of them, The Licedd:moniam, vndcr the conduct of AV- 
comedcs, the (onnc o^ Clembrotw, in the place oi pleijloa- 
navies , lonnc of King TaufanUiy who was yet in minority, 
lent vnto the aydc ot the Dor cans, 1500. men of Armes 
of their owne, and of their Confederates tenne thoufand. B 
And when they had forced the phoceans vponcompofi- 
tion to furrcnder the Towne they had taken, they went 
their wajcs againe. Now, if they would goe home 
by Sea through the * CrilpanGulfe, the Athenians going 
about with their Fleet, would bee ready to Hop them 5 
and to paile ouer Geranea , they thought vnfafc, be- 
caufe the Athenians had in their hands SMegara, and Pe- 
g^ : For Geranea was not onely a difficult paflage of it 
fclfe, but was alfo aiwayes guarded by the Athenians. They 
thought good therefore to itay amongft the Beeotians, and Q 
to confider which way they might mod fafely goe 
through. Whileft they were there, there wanted not 
fome Athenians, that priuily follicited them to come to 
the Citie, hoping to haue put the people out of gouern- 
ment, and to haue demolifhcd the Long Walles, then in 
building. But the Athenians, with the whole power of 
their Citie, and looo- ^r^/««, and other Confederates, as 
they could be gotten together,in all 1 4000. men^jWent out 
to meet them : for there was fufpition that they Came 
thither to depofe the Democracies There alfo came to the D 
^^kw/d-zxcertaineHorfemenoutofr/jtf/T^/j', which in the 
BattcU turned to the Lacedemonians. They fought at Tana- 
gra o^ Bocotia, znd the Lacedemonians hid the Victory, but 
the (laughter was great on both fides. Then the Lacede- 
monians entring into the Territories of J^Ugara, and cutting 
downe the Woods before them, returned home by the 
way of G(rrd«^^ and the ;y?^w'»t>. Vpon the two and fix- 
tieth day after this Battell, the Athenians, vnder the coridudi 
of MyrowzVi'j, madealourney againft the Bceotians, and o- 
ucrthrew them at Oenophyta, and brought the Territories E 
of Bocotiaznd Phocu vnder their obedience ; and withall ra- 


1 he Hijiurie of T'HVcybiDEs. 


A zed the VVilles-of TA,u\gra^ and tooke of ihe wealchiell of 
ths Locriam of o/)w*, -.oo. Hollages ; and finiflicd alfo at 
the fam- tim:, their long Walla, at home. After this, 
^A:gin(X alfoyceldcd to the Aih.'nians, on thsfi condicibns, 
That they Ihould b.iue their Walla pulled d^wnj, (tnd (Jrjuld deliuer 
rvj) their GMlus^ andpay their tax^d tribute forth: time to ccme. 
Alfo the Athenians made a Voyage abouc Tekponmjus, 
wherein chey burnt the Arfenallof the Lacedemonians Na- 
uie, tooke * QjnUtiy a Citie of the Qorinthians ; and landing 
their Forces in Sycionia, ouercamc in fight thofe that made 

3 head againft them. All this while the Athenians ilayed 
ftili in ,£^y/)?, and faw much variety of VVarre. Firfl the 
Jibenians were Mailers of ^^y/jf. And theKingof (P^^•- 
fa fent one Megabac^ui ^ d,^?,rfian ^ with money to Lacedd- 
mon^ to procure the felopomefians to invade Attica^ and by 
that meanes to draw the ^thtnians out of /Efvp;. But 
when this cooke no eff:(^, and money was fpent to no 
purpofc, Megaba^M returned with the money he had left, 
into ^fia. And then was Megahii^us the fonneof Zjpirus, a, fent into J^gypt^ with great Forces, and comming 

fj inby Land, oucrthrewthe ^^y^r/;i»j and their Confede- 

" rates in a Battel!, draue the Grecians out of Mempht/, and 
finally inclofed them in the He of />/'o^/)i>; There hcc be- 
riegedthcmayecrcanda halfe, till fuch time as hauing 
dreined the Channcll, and turned the Water another way, 
he made their Gallies lye aground, and the Hand for the 
moll part Continent, andfo came ouer, and wonnc the 
Hand with Land-Souldicrs. Thus was the Armic of the 
Grecians loft, after fixe yeeres Warre ; and few of many 
pafsing through y/yr/c<«, faued themfelues in Cyrene: but 

D the mod perifhed . So /Egypt returned to the obedience of 
the King, except onely Amyruwthat raigned in the Fettnes, 
for him they could not bring in, both becaufe the Fennes 
are great, and the people of the Fennes, of all the JEgypti- 
ans the moft warlike. But Inarv^, King of the Ajricans, 
and Auchorof all this flirre in J^gypt^wis taken by trea- 
fon , and crucified . The Athenians moreouer had fent fifty 
Gallies more into Mgypt, for a fupply of thofe that were 
there already ; which putting in at Mendefium, one of the 
mouthes of N/Vtw, knew nothing of what had happened to 

E the rell: : and being aflauked from the Land by the Ar- 
mie,and from the Sea by the- pbmician Fleet, loll the 

I greatcft 

*£'■*« ycclJcd 10 the A- 

The /i'hcniam fayle round 
TcloienmJM, and yraflc ic 

' A cU'ie */"Corintbians, tht tmir Tu'cnai, 

The end of the ^thami 

AfupjJjrof^rtflWtfM go- 
ing to JE-iypi, acfeated 
by the force* of the King, 


The Hiftory o/T hvcydides. Lib. i. 


t invade 

twctrt lul Cjclarj<wiCn, 

The Athmum vnJer Vcrl- 

Truce far 5. yeerc fce- 
twccne the Atbemnis and 

P: loposmjiMS. 

The Mheiiiitm wane on 


The Holy Wirre. 

gr..*ateit p.utoi'dieir .Cjaliies, and elcapcd home againe A 
widi the lelierpart. Thus ended the great expedition of 
che ^^themnns, and. their Confederates into Ajgypt. ■ 

Alio Orf/?fitbc.fonneof £(?^rfr/?//</A/iKingof the The^A- 
//.?^;i,driuenoutof n;ir//<i/>,pcf.fwaded the Athenians tore- 
(lore him : And the Atheniv^^ taking with them the Bm- 
mm and i>/;ac^iwj-^i:heir Confederates:, made VVarre againft 
* Phavli^hu, a Citie of Theph 5 and were Mailers of the 
Field, as farreas they ilrayed not from the Armie, ( for 1 
th^ TfMjMnn I4prlemen kept them from ftraggh'ng) but 
COuld.not winne the Citie, noryet performeany thing elfe B 
ofwhat they came for, but came bocke againe witiiout 
eilc(St, and brought Orefles with theiti. Not long after 
tliis,athouf4nd Athenians went aboard the Gallies that lay 
2Lt^ig.u (for Pe?<c was in the hands of the Athenians) vnder 
the command o^^, rides the fonne oixantiffus, and fay led 
into Sicyoniciy and landing,put to flight fuch of the Sicyoni- 
ans as made head ; and then prefently tooke vp forces in 
^.^/;<€4 j and putting ouer, made Warreon Oenias, a Citie 
ol.Marnania, which they befieged 5. neuerthcielfc they 
topke it not, but returned home. . Q 

,,. Three yeeres after this, was a Truce made betwecne 
xh^Pelopmeftms and Athmans for flue yeeres -, and the^- 
thmiMs gauepuer, the G;vd4«, Warre, and with zoc. Gal- 
lies, part their owne, and part their Confederates, vnder 
the con Judl of Qmonmidt Warre on C\'pmi. Of thefe^^there 
went 60. Say le into ^^^i/?f, fent for by ^myrt^m, that 
reigned in the Fennes, andthe reft lay at the Siege of Q- 
iiuiii. But Qmon there dying, and a Famine arifing in the 
Armie, they left f uium, and when they had pafled Sala- 
mine in C^/>rt«> fought at once both by Sea and Land,againft D 
the Phoenicians, (jprians^^ C»//ndW5anahauing gotten vidlory 
in both, returned home, and with them the reft of their 
Fbet,now come backe from ^'^eg^pt. After this, the L^- 
ccd^moniMs tooke in hand the Warre,called the Holy Wane; 
and hauing wonne the Temple at Delphi, deliuered the 
poilcfsion thereof to the Delphians. But the ^Athenians af- 
terward, when the Lacedemonians were gone, came with 
their Armie , and regaining it, deliuered the poflefsion 
to the Phoc'cans. Some Ipacc of time after this, the Out- 
la wcs of i3£E0?/4, being feaied of Orcbomenus znd Qheronea, E 
and ccrtaine other places Q^Bxotia, the Athenians made * 


Lib. I. The Htjlcry ofT h v c td i d 


A Warrc vpon chofe places, bsing their Enemies,' with a 
thoufindmenof Armesof dieir du-ne, and as many of 
their Contcdorates as leueraliycame in, vnder thecoiwuft 
oiTolmidiu, the fonneof Tolm^iu, And when they had ta- 
ken Cb^ronea.tUcy carried away the InJiabitants Captiues, 
and leaning a Garrilbn in the O'tie^ departed. In their rc- 
turne, thole Outlawes that were in Orchomenuiy t-ogecher 
with the Locr/<w J of Oj&Wi 2Lhd thz Euboean Outlawes, and 
others of the fame Fa(5lion, fct vpon them at Qoronen, and 
ouerconnning the Athenians in Battcil, iome they flew^ 

B and fome xSxty tooke aliue. Wherevpon the Athenians re 
linquifhed all Bccotia, and made peace, with condition to 
haue their Priibnersreleafed. *So the Outlawes and the 
reft, returned, and liued againe vnder their owhe Lawes. 
Not long after, revolted Eul>cca from the ^Athenians -, and 
when Pericles had already pafTed oucr into it with the A 
theniart Armie, there was brought him newes, that Megara 
was likewife revolted, and that the Peloponmfians were a 
bout to invade Attica, and thztthc Si^egareans had flainc the 
Athenian Qjitn^on, except onely fuch asi:fled into Ni(aa. 

Q Now the MegareMs, when they rcuolted, had gotten to 
their ayd, the Corinthians, Epidai4riam,2iud. Sicyoniansi Where- 
fore T cricks forthwith withdrew his Arniic from Euboea ; 
and the Lacedemonians afterward bra ke into /^/t^/V^, and wa- 
iled the Countrey about Eleufme, and rhriafiim, vnder the 
condudt of ^lei/honaxy the Tonne of PaufaniUf, King of 
Laced^mon^znd came no further on,but Co went away .After 
which the Athenians pafled againe into Euboea, and totally 
iijbdned it ; the Hefti^ms they put quite out, taking their 
Territory into their owne hands ; but ordered the reft of 

D Eubcca^ according to compofition made. Being returned 
from Enbiza, within a while after,they made a Peace with 
the Lacedxmonians and their Confederates, for thirty yeeres, 
^ rendred Nifaa,Achaia,Peg<€,znd Trce^ene, (for thefe places 
the Athenians held of theirsj to the Teloponnefians. In the 
fixth ycere of this Peace, fell out the Warre betweene the 
Saminns and Milefians, concerning priene ; and the Mile(ians 
being put to the worfe, came to Athens ^ and exclaimed 
againft the Samians ; wherein alio certaine priuate men oi 
Somas it felfc, tooke part with the J^ilefianSy out of defire 

E to alter the forme of GouernmenC. Wherevpon the Athe- 
nians went to Sams with a Fleet of forty Gallies, and fet 
I 1 vp 


Tlic /liltfitu.'ii rccoucr 
CLpvnta, takcB by the 

The /J/fefWd*! defeated 
,3cCar(wi(aby ihe Out- 
lawes, lofe Hgiiiii. 

E-ubou reiwhcth from the 


Megara rcuoltsth. 


Peace for 50, yeeret, be- 
tweene the Atbtmant and 

The .iihtfuoa \taac vpoal 



Sio. (J^itilmt. 

The Hijlory of TnycY Dim es. Lib.i.i 

vp the Dmocratis tl7ere,and'tOQke of the Saminns 50. Boyes, A 
ind as mail) men,, for Holiages 5 which when they had 
^MtvL\toLcmnos,znAkt2i Guard vpon them, they came 
home.: : But cerraine of tlie Samians (for fome cf them, not 
enduring the popular gouernment, were fled into the C.'on- 
,tincnt)£ntring into a League with the mightiell of them 
'in SamoSy&i witli Pi(]uthnes,t\\t Ibnne of Hv/Z^/'/^^J^v/hothen 
was Gbuernour of^rfMV, and leuying about 700. auxiliary 
Souldicrs, pailedouerinto6'4>teoiinthe euening, and iirit 
fet vpon the popular Faction, and brought moil of them 
into their power, and theuil^aling their Hoilages out of g 
Lfw»w,they reuolted, and dcHuered the Athenian Gruard,and 
fuch iCaptaines as were there, into the hands o't'PijJuthnes, 
and withall prepared to make Warre againfl:,j;M/7^rw. 
With thefe alfo reuolted the Byaiantmes, The ^4thcnianSy 
when they heard of thefe things,fent to Santos 60. Gallies, 
1 6 . whereof chey did not vfe,. (for fome of them went into 
Caria, to obferue the Fleet of the Phmidans, and fome to 
fetch in iijccours-lrom Chitu and Lefbos -,) but with the 44. 
that remained, vnder the command of Pericles and 9. o- 
thers, fought wipji 70. Gallies of the Samiansi Cwhcreof C 
twenty were fuch as fcrued for traniport of Souldiers,) as 
they were comming all together from Miktm ; and the A- 
thenims had the Viftory. After this came a fupply of 
forty Gallies more from Atherlsy and from Chios and Leibos 
i 5 . With thefe hauing landed their men, they ouerthrcw 
the Samians in Battell, and befieged the City 5 which they 
enclofed with a triple Wall, and fhut it vp by Sea with 
their Gallies. But 'P-w/ci taking with him 60 - Gallics 
out of the Road, made hafte towards Caunm and Q^ria^ 
vpon intelligence of the comming againd them of the Th<x- p 
nician Fleet- For Steja^oraj with fiue Gallies, was already 
gone out Oi Samos^ and others out of other places, to mecte 
the 'P/^ce«/V/rf/.j. In the meaue time, th^ Samians comming 
fudd:^nly forth with their Fleet, and falling vpon the 
Harbour of the Athenians, which was vnfortified, funkc 
the Gallics that kept watch before it, and oucrcame the 
rcfl in fight j infomuch as they became Mailers of the 
Sea neere their Coafl:, for about fourctcene dayes together, 
importingandcxporting what they pleafcd. But Psrides 
returning, fhut them vp againe with his Gallies ; and £ 
after this, there came to him from Athens a lupply of forty 


. 1 ^ — — — ■ -• - - •; 

b.i; The hiftory of Thv CY DID ES. 

A Sayle, with * Tbucydides, <y^gnoii, and Pfjomio, and twenty 
with TkpoL-mui znd ^inticlci i and '^lomQjios and L-jbos, 
forty mpre. And though the Samiam fought agiiind 
thelja fmallbatteUat Sea, yet vnable to hold out any 
longer, in the ninth moneth ofthc Siege j they rehdred the 
Citie vpon compoiition : NaMely, to dmolilh Vjdr Walks -, to 
giue Hojlnges ; to deliuer ^vp their hi any j and to repay ths money 
Ipent by ths Athenians in theWarre^ at dayes appointed. '■ And 
the Byzjintmes allb,yeeldcd, with condition to rematrc lub' 
ie^ to themi in the jams manner as they hadbeene before their re- 

B yolt. ^^■:^\'\■^. u■v:<'l^J\,■:, .-i-iM^^^o-^ r'.:}nO^ 

Now not mariyyeeres after this, happened the matters -. 
before rclated,of the Corqrdam and i\\Qpotid<eans^2indL\Kf\\3Lt~ 
foeuer other intervenient pr^-teKt of this Warre. Thefe 
things don^ by the G/'.€r/4«i,oneagain(t another, or againd 
the/i<«A-^4/M«j, cametopafle all withiri the compaile of 
fiftie yeeres, at mod, from the tim: of the departure of 
Xerxesy to the beginning of.this prefent Warre .- In which 
time, the ^r/;:;«/^«j both afliired their Gouernment ouer 
the Confederates, and alio much enlarged their own parti- 

Q cular wealth. This the Lacedemonians faw, & oppofed not, 
faue now and then a little,but (as men that had cuer before 
beene flow to Warre without nccefsity, and alio for that 
they were hindred fon^times with domeltique Warrcj 
for the molt part of the time ftirred not agaiilll: them? 
till now at lail, when the power of the Muniam was ad- 
vanced manifeftly indeed, and that they had done iniury 
to their Confederates; they could forbeareno longer, but 
thought itneceflary to goc in hand with the Warre with 
all diligence, and to pull downe, if they could, the Atheni- 

D an greatneile. For which purpofe, it was by the Lacede- 
monians il'^tmidu^^ decreed. That the Peace was broken, 
and that the Jihenians had done vniullly . And alfo hauing 
fent to Delphi, and enquired of ^o//(7,whether they fhould 
haue the better in the Warre, or not ; they recciued (as it 
is reported) this Anfwer : That if they yparred.ifith their 
yohoie power, they fljould haue ^iBory, and that himfelfe would bs 
on their fide^ both called and vncalied. 

Now when they had aflembled.their Confederates again, 
they were to put it tothequedionamonglt them, Whether 

E thsyfJjouldmaUWarre.ornot. And theAmbailadoursofthe 
feuerali Confederates comming in, and the Counccll {tt^ 

I ? afwcli 


' S'oi thtu r'tttt ujt'H 

'JCTOi yeeldc'J CO thq 


The bufincfTc about Cor- 

Bctwccne the Pcrflin and 
Pe!iiptnxi(tan Warre,f;ity 

The Oracle confultcd by 

the Lacfdi;iomtns, ca- 

Confuhation of the Pclo 
, vncfiini in gcocrjll, 
whether ih -Y (houiJ en 
er iiKo a Warrcj-r not. 


The Hrjlvry of T nv CY iy.iTXE^, 


aiwell the reft fpake what they thought ft t ,moil of them A 
accufin^ the J thinians osmium, and defining the Warre j 
as alfb the Qorinthms, who liad before iiltfdated the Cities, 
euery one feucrally to giue their Vote for the Warre, fea- 
ring IcllPw^t^^rfiould bee lofl: before helpc came, being 
then prcfent, fpake lall of all to this eiFedt.- . 


AmbaiTadours of C o r i n t h. 

Confederates, Tbr can no longer accufe the Lacedaemonians, 3 
they hauin^hoth decreed the iP'arre themfelues , and al/o ajfem- 
bled fvs to doe the fame. For it is Jit for them who haue the com- 
nand in a common League ^ as they arehonoured of all before the rejl^ 
fo alfo(^adminijiring their j^riuate affaires ec^ually Tl^ith others) to con- 
fider before thereji^ofthe Common bufme^e. And though as many 
of<vs as haue already had our turnes with the Athenians^ need not 
bee taught to beware of them; yet if^erx good for thofe that dwell <vp 
in the Land, and not as wee, in places of trafjique on the Sea fide^ 
to hiowy that ynkffe they defend thofe below, they pall tt>ith a great 
^eale the more difficulty, both carry to the Sea, the commodities of the C 
feafonSjUnd againe more hardly receiue the benefits afforded to the 
inland Countries from the Sea j and alfo not to miflake lt>hat it noHf 
Jpoken, AS if it concerned them not j but to make account, that if they 
m^eSi thofe that dwell by the Sea, the calamity Toill alfo reach yn- 
to themjtlues .^ and that this confultation concerneth them noleffe 
then "Vs, and there fore not to bee afraid to change their Teace for 
Warre. For though it bee the part ofdifcreet men to be c^uiet, ynleffe 
they haueTi>rong,yet it is the part of<valiant men,Tlfhen they receiue 
ittiury, topaffefrom Teace into Warre. and afterfuccefje from Warre 
to come againe to compojition : and neither to /well Ti>ith the goood j) 
fucceffeof Warre, nor to fujfer iniurie, through pleafure taken in 
ihe eafe ofTeace. For hee Ttfhom pleafure makes a (joward, if heefit 
flilljhali i^uickly lofe the fweetneffe of the eafe that made him fo. 
And hte that in Warre, is made proud by fuccejfe, obferueth not^ 
that his pride is grounded <vpon^nfaith full confidence. For though 
many things ill aduifed, come to good effect, againft Enemies Itorfe 
aduifcd • yet more, though Ti/ell aduifed, haue falne but badly out, a- 
gainft well-adufed enemies. For no man comes to execute a thing, 
lt>ith the fame confidence hee premeditates it : for "^edeliuer opinions 
in fafety ,Tehere<is in the .ASiionit felfe. If ee fade through feare. £ 
jfsfor the Warre at this time^ wee raife it, both fvpon iniuries done 

L 1 b. t, ^ be Htjtonecf T h v c y d i d e s . 

A vs .a?idvpon other fiif/icient allegations ; and t^hen "^e haue re[h{ired 
our'^rongs y^jon the ALhcnuins,T^f ypillaljo in due time lay it down. 
/Itiiitisformstny rea/ons probable^ that "^ec Jh all haue the Viclory. 
ftr/ly bccaiije Ti^ee exceed thenin number : and next ^ becauje tt^hen 
Ti!fe goe to any action intimated, we /hall be all of one * fajhion. And 
AS for a ISlauie, tl^herein conjijleth the jlrength of the Athenians, 
Ti>eejha(lproiiide /Y, both out ofeuery ones parfu ular ft'ealth, and ti^ith 
the money at Ddphi and Olympfa. For taktng this at interefl^ 
fbee jhall bee able to draw from them their for raigne Mari/ters^ by of- 
fer of greater T^ages : for the Forces of the A^thLmldm, are rather 

g 7nercenarie thendomc/hcke. Whereas our owne power is lejfe obnoxi- 
ous to Inch accident Sy cdnftjlingmore inthcperfons of men then in mo- 
ney. And if loee otiercome them but in one 'Battcll by Sea^ in cdl pro- 
bability they are totally Vanifuijhed. ^-Ind if they hold out, Ti;ce alfo 
jhall "d-'ith longer time apply our I clues to Nauall affaires . And when 
^ee /hall once haue made our skill ecjuall to theirs, we fl^all furely o- 
uer match them in courage. For the Valour that "^ee haue by nature , 
they JJjalhimer come Vntoby teaching ; but the experience f^hich they 
exceed Vs in, that ■tm/I fi^ee attaine Vnto by induftry . And the money 
toherewi h tobrhigthis to pajfe Jt jnufl be all our parts to contribute. 

(- For elje it ')Vere a hard caje^ that the Confederates of the Athenians 
Jhould not /licke to contribute to their owne /eruitude; and wee flmtild 
reju/e to lay out our money ^ to bee reuenged if our enanies^ and for our 
owneprefcrUiitioH^ and ^/;^ff/;e Athenians thkeiiotour money from 
ys ^ and ei(cn'))>ith that doeVsmifchiefe. Wee haue alfo mdny other 
'^a\es ofWarre ; a^thereuolt of their Confederates^ yehith is the 
principall meanes of lejfoiing their reuenue ; * the building of Forts in 
their Territories and many other things H>hich one cannot nowforefee. 
For the courje of Warre is guided by nothing lejfe then by the points of 
our account^ but of it felfe contmieth moft things vpon the occafion. 

£) Wherein^ he that complies with it, tpith mojl temper , Jlandeth the 
frmejl ^ and hee that is moft pafsion ate .^ oftenejl m'lfcarries. Imagine 
ypce had differences each oj<vs about the limits of our Territorie, T^ith 
an equalL.diierfary '^ wee i7iujl fvndergoe them. 'But now the A,- 
thv n ians are a match for ys all at once , and one Citie after ■ another.^ 
tooflrongfor^os. Infomuch that ynleffeTfee oppofe tl^em ioyntly, and 
eueryTS^ationandf ityfettoityjianimoufly, they li?tll ouercomc '~os 
a/under^ "Without labour. ^Andknow.^ that to be \m(puifhed (though 
it trouble you to hean it) brings with it no lefs then manifefl ferui- 
tude : ^'vhich, but to mention as a doubt, as iffo many Qties could fuf- 

¥y ferVnder one,Ti>ere ruery dijhomurable to Peloponncfus. For it 
mujl then bee thought, that -ioee are either puraJJ^edypon merit ^ er elfe 



*MLmi\Si»il'\ia\ rU^f 
one m.viner of Arm'., !^ ^-.nd 

thepeiftno/a Corinthian, 
yet It iV:U nriier tbvmht Oil by 
OX) of thatfi-it, tilt A\c\b\i. 


The Hi/lory o/T nv c\D WES. Lib.i. 

thatfi'ee endure tt out of feare^ and Jo appeare degenerate from our A 
Ancejlours X for hy them the liberty of all (jtreccc hath beene rejlo- 
red ; "hhereas tpee for our parts ^ ajfure notfo much as our owne - but 
cldtn'tn^ the reputation ofhauingdepofed Tyrants in thefeuerall Ci- 
ties, fujf era Tyrant ("itieto be eJ}ablifJ)ed amongJl^vs. Wherein we 
know not how Ti'f can auoyd one of theje three great faults j Foolifti- 
n^ife, Cowardifc, or Negligence. For certamclyj you auoyde 
them not^ by imputing it to that Tt'hich hath done mojl men hurt, Con- 
tempt of the Encmie: ^or Contempt, becanfe it hath made too 
majty men mifcanyj^ath gotten the }iame of ¥oo\i{hnciic. 'But to 
Ti>hat endJJ)ould wee obie^ matters pajl, more then is necejjaty to the B 
bufmesinhand? lt>eemu{l now by helping the prelcnt, labour for 
the future. For it is peculiar to our Countrey to attaine honour by 
labour - and thoughyou be now fomewhat aduancedin honour and po- 
'^er^youmujl not therefore change the cuftome ; for there is no reafon 
that t>h4tTi>as gotten in want, fhould be lofi by 1i?ealth. ^BufU^ee 
Jhould confidently goe in hand with the Warre^ as for many other cau- 
feSjfoalfofor this, that both the God hath by his Oracle aduifed 'Vs 
thereto^ andpromifed to bet "ifiith/vs himfelfe: and alfo for that the 
reft of Greece fame for feare^ and fame for profit , are ready to take 
our parts. l>{or areyou they that firft breaks the Teace, (Ti)hich Q 
the God, in a* much as hee doth encourage Vj to the Warre, iudgeth 
"violated by them) but you/ight rather in defence of the fame. For 
not hee breaketh the Ttace, that takethreuenge^ but hee that is the 
firft invader So that, Seeing it 'twill be euery way good to make the 
Warre J and fince in common wee perf wade the fame; and feeing alfo 
that both to the Cities^ and topriuate men^ it "^lU bee the moft" profita- 
ble courfe, put off no longer y neither the defence of the Potidacans, 
"^hoareYyo^Qiin^^andbefteged (T^hich was "^ontto bee contrary) by 
Ibnians, «or the recouery of the liberty of the reft of the Grecians. 
For it is 4 cafe that admit teth not delay, tt?hen they are fome of them D 
already opprefsed : and others (after itfhaU be knowne >re met^ and 
iurftmt right our felues)fhallfhortly after yndergoe the like . 'But 
thinke ('Confedcratesj^ow are now at a necefsity, and that this 
is the beft advice. And therefore giue your Votes for the Warre ^ not 
fearing theprefent danger ^ but coueting the long 'Teace proceeding 
from It. (For though by Ttarregroweth the confirmation of I e ace ^ yet 
for loue of eafe to refufe the Tt>arre, doth not likeVife auoyde the 
danger. But making account, that a Tyrant Citie fet Vp in Greece, 
isfet wp alike ouer all^ and reigneth ouer fome already, and the reft 
in intention^ fi'efhall bring it againe into order by the Tifarre ; and not K 
onely Hue for the time to come out of danger ourfelues, but alfo deliuer 



The Htjlonc of Thvcydide 


A the already enthralled Grecians out offeruitude. Thus laid the 
(Corinthians ' 

'' The Laced.tmomans, when they had heard the opinion 
of them all, brouglit the * Balles to all the Confederates 
prefent, in order, from the greatell State to the leail: And 
the greatell part gaue their Fot(S for the Warre. Now after 
the War was decreed, though it were impofsiblc for them 
to goe in hand with it prcfently, becauf: they were vnpro- 
uided,and euery State thought goodwithout delay, feueral- 
ly tofurnifh themfelues of what was neceilary, yet there 

g palTed not fully a yeere in this preparation, before ^ittica 
was invaded, and the Warre openly on foot. 

IN THE ME A NE TIME, they fent Am^ 
bailadours to the Athenians, with certaine Criminations, 
to the end that if they would giue eare to nothing,they 
might haue all the pretext that could bee, for raifmg of 
the Warre. And fird the Lacedxmonians, by their Am- 
bailadours to the Athenians, required them to ^ banifh fuch 
as were vnder curfe of the GoddeJ^e SHincrua, for Pollution 
of Sandluary. Which Pollution was thus. There had 
Q beeneonecy^'j an Jr/;-'«/^«, amanthat had beene Vidlor 
in the Olympian exercifes, of much Nobility and power a- 
mongft thofe of old tim3,and that had married the Daugh- 
ter of rhrarenes,^ 3ie^arean, in thofe dayei Tyrant of i^^- 
gara. To this C>'/o«, asking counfell at Delphi, the Godan- 
fwered, That on thegreatejl Feflitiall day, hee Jljould {ea:Kj the 
CittaicllofAxhQws. Hee therefore hauing gotten Forces 
of Theagenes, and periwaded his Friends to the Enterprize, 
feazed on the Cittadell, at the time of the oUmpickc Holi- 
dayes mTeloponne/M, with intention to take vpon him the 
D Tyranny : Edeeming the Feaft of lupiter to beethegrea- 
tell; and to touch withall on his Particular,in that he had 
beene Victor in the Olympian exercifes. But whether the 
Feaft fpoken of, were * meant to be the grcatcft in Attica, 
or in fome other place, neither did hee himfelfe confider, 
nor the Oracle make manifeft. For there is alio amonglt ' 
the ./.thenians the Diaiia, which is called the greateft' 
Feaft of /«p/7^r Meilichim, and is celebrated without thej 
City ; wherein, in the confluence of the whole people, 
many men offered Sacrifices, not of liuing Creatures, but 
E * fuch as was the f^fhion of the Natiues of the place. But 
hee, fuppofing hee had rightly vnderftood the Oracle, laid 

K hand 

The Warre dccresd by 
all the Confederate!!. 

p.-wn II fccKclh, as novn i 
iomepl.icei,tojirclt)!t aLoxer 
I'rHe^anda i:tik Eal/,or fltnt 
or btaxc, lo km ih/tt ^aue hit 
l^ute, to ihr cni h'e might 
pill hti Bill i»l» :b : part tf 
the Frnc thtttwjt fir ejjir- 
matian ot nettuioii) at hefiw 

IhQ Liced<cm»nhtis fcnd 
Amba/Tages to the Mhe- 
mam, nbout expiation of 
SacrileJges, only to pick 
better tjuarrc-l» tor the 

' txeommumcitkn exten- 
dir.g alfa itpefiail^. 

* The Orackf T»cre alretfei 
ohfiiire,tbat (vajim might bt 
found to ftlue their crcdit;inid 
tvUiher they vnere the mpt- 
fturc oftht Deuill, or efmen, 
rvhich « the oiore lil^cly, they 
had no prcfeMiian, nor feciire 
w/c cimitdure cftbefuturt. 

"imnici ofLiHtni crtaium. 


TWHiJlorJ^ T H V c? Y D I D E s^ Lib. I . 

■ r'-i C»ucmoan ir ^.nlat 

iflhi C:tu 


mfadtd Athens -""^ ""' 

end were d>(miS-(dpfeM 
went l>tmc. . 

cri'x.t<u*)i<u. tummda. 

TcvcUf i1wsye< 

'to ibc L4ucdel>io^liiii . 

I band to the eiircrprife i and when the Jthemans heard of A 
1 it, they Cimewich all their Forces out oFthe Fields, and 
jiving before the Cictadcll, befieged it. But the time 
growing long, the Aibsnians wearied with the Siege,wcnt 
inoft of them away, and left both the Guard of the Cit- 
tadcU, and the whole bufineflc to the nine ^Archontes, 
with ablblute authority to order the fame, as to them 
it fhould fceme good. For at that time , molt of the af- 
affaires of the Common-weak were adminiftred by thofe 
5. Archontes. Now thofe that were befieged witli Cylon, 
were for want both of viiftuall and Water^ in very cuill e- g 
flate ; and therefore Cylon, and a Brother ot his, fled priui- 
ly out ; but the reft, when they were prefled, and fome of 
them dead with famine, fate downe as fuppliants, by the 
* Altar that is in the Cittadell ; And the Athenians, to 
whofc charge was committed the guard of the place, ray- 
ling them, vpon promifc to doc them no harme,put them 
all to the Sword. K* Alfo they had put to death fome of 
thofe that had taken Sanctuary at the Altars of the * Sd- 
tiereGoddelfes, ^s they were going 2Lwa.y. And from this, 
the Athenians, both themfelues and their pofterity, were C 
called * accurfed and [acrHe^ioutperfons. Heereupon the A- 
tbetiians baniihed thofe that were vnder the curie : and CU-^ 
omenes:, a Lacedemonian, together with the Athenians, in a 
Sedition banifhed them afterwards againe : and not oncly 
fo,butdif-enterredand call forth the bodies of fuch of 
them as were dead. Neuertheleflc there returned of them 
afterwards againe 5 and there are of their race in the Citic 
vnto this day. This Pollution therefore the Lacedemonians 
required them to purge their Citie of. Principally for- 
footh,as taking part with the Gods ; but knowing with- D 
all, that "Tericles the fonne oi Xantippw, was by the Mo- 
thers fide one of that Race. For they thought, if pericles 
were banifhed, the c^'i)&^«/Vi«j would the more eafily bee 
brought to yeeid to their defire. JSTeuerthelelle, they ho- 
ped not fo much, that hee fliould bee baniflied, as to bring 
himintothecnuieof the Citic, as if the misfortune of 
him, were in part the caufe of the Warre. For being the 
raoripowcrfull ofhis time, and hauing the fway of the 
State, hee was in all things oppofite to the Lacedemonians, 
not fuffering the Athenians to giue them thelcafl way, but E 

iiiLiCU]'^ them to the Warre. 



The Hijiorw Qf . 7' h v . c ^u^ i d fe s-. ) ; -^l. 

Th» -y^lfrrwmr Inquire t<i« 
LaadxnsomaiH to expiate' 
the violation of SanAua 
ry alio on thcii parts. 

Tliecccifiqn ;.-iJmancr 
odhciitath ot L' 
in the Ttinplc oi lufiur 

A C 'oncrariwile the Aib^nims^qimed the LaalmMUfr^ to 
baiiilli llich as wevc guilty ofbreach of S'^lid]:uary -at Toe- 
narm- 1^ or the LiKscUinuniaHji whcii thA>' had caufcd ■ (l}di 
Helot s. Suppliants in the Temple of N<f/)/(<»^ ac famt^i, 
to forfake Sandtuary, flew-them.: For which caufe, 
they chemfjlues thifike it was j that the great Eartl^c^uakc 
happened afterwards at 5yr,irM..j ;■ ; ;;- 1 ;,-. r:i-Mr.Ur.i. 
AL<b they required them to pUrgctl^eirjCide ofd7e;poL 
iutio of Sand:uary,in the Tciiiple oh^a'JiuChalciceca^wkljzh 
was thus ; Afterthac Taufmiiisthc Lacc'dytfiionianWdsrcaL 
B led by: the Spartans from his charge iii ^^Z/fy/yo/i^andh^uijig 
bin called in quellion by them, was abfelued, though hec 
was no more lent abroad by the State, yd hee went againe 
into Hjlkiponty in ^ Gallic of Hermione, as a priuaCe man^ 
without leaue of the Lacedemonians^ to the Grecian Warre. 
as hee gaud out, but in truth to negotiate with the Kin^, 
as hee had before begunne, the Principality of 
Greece. Now the benefit that liee had laid.vp with the 
King,and the beginning of the whole bufineile, was ac 
firil from this : When after his returne from he had 
C, taken Bya^amiim^ when he was there thg:, fifll^.timej^which 
being holden by the, SMedes^ there wer^,tajkeh« in k, fcune 
n?e.rc to the King, and of his kindredj vnknowne to the 
rell of the Conffderates> hee fent vnto the J^jng thofe neere 
ones of his which hee had taken, andgaye out, they w;ere 
runne away. This hee praftifed with one Gongylw, and 2T^m^f*^r^\ 
E ciriaa, to whofe charge hee had committed both the ti»cscaicofGr«r<r. 
Towne of Byz.antium, and theVrilbners. Alfo he fenc Let- 
ters vnto him, which Ga«tj9;)^«/ carried, wherein^. as was 
afterwards knowne^ was thuSiWrittem , , 
V) ' '' -'?'-''■ ' ''- '"-'^ v"'iri:im bomo/;*^ 

The" Leiicvof^aufanias to the King . 

PA V S A N I A S, Gajcrall of the Spartans, l;eing de- 
ftroiii to doe thee a courtefte, fendetb backs ^vnto thee tbcje 
men, "^hom hee hath by \Armes taken pri/oners •• And I ham 
a purpoje^ if the (amefsems alio good Dnto thee, to take thy Daugh- 
ter in marriage, and to bring Sparta and the reft of Greece, into 
thyjiibie^ion. Tbefe things I accourit my felfe able to bring topajfe, 
if 1 may communicate my com f els "^itb thee. If therefore any of 
E- tbefe things doe like thee y fend fome trufiy man to the Sea fide^ by 
y&hofe mediation ypee may conferre together. 

K z Thefc 


^ke Hiflorj of TKVcfDlOES, Lib.i 

TtulaniM ^ovltth proud 
Tpou the receipt oi theft 

I Thck vvcrethe Contents of the Writing. Xerxes be- A 
png plea led with the Letter, fends away Artnbaxjm the 
fonneof'P/A'r^?^(r(.'j,totheS'ea fide, with commandcmenc 
to take the gouernment of the Prouincc of Dafcylu, and to 
difmiilc Megahatesi that was Oouernour there before : and 
withall,giues him a Letter vCFaufmioj, which hec com- 
manded him to fendouer to him with fpced to Byciianuumt 
and to fhew him the Seale, and well and faithfully to per- 
forme,whatroeuer in his affaires, he fhould by Paufnnicu be 
appointed to doc. ^r^^/'^^tw, after heearriued, hauing in 
other things done as hee was commanded, fcnt ouer the g 
Letter, wherein was written this anfwer, 

' ' T^^vtlu^tttv oi Xerxes to Taujanias, 

T'H VS faith King Xerxes to TPaufanias : For the men which 
thou httfl failed, and (ent ouer the Sea o/nto meet from By- 
zantium, thy benefit u laid'-vp in our Houfe, indelebly re- 
giflred for euer •• And I like aljo of ■what thou hafl propounded : 
And let neither night nor day make thee remijje in the performance 
ofyphatthou ha^'tfromijed rvntomee. Neither bee thou hindred Q 
by the escp:hc(f\>fGold and Siluer, or multitude ofSouUiers requi- 
(ite, lohitherfoduer it bee needfuU to haue them come: But ^ith 
Artaba2rts,fii gthdman, tli>hml haue^ent yntothee^ doe boldly 
both mitie and thine owne bujinefe iCU fljaU bee mofl Jtty fir the 

dignity and honow ofa>s both*'- ^ • • . ■ ' . . ■ . . 

• i--:--\ *):f^d3 slof;V, o1 
Paufanicu hauing receiucd' "theft Letters, whereas he was 
before in great authority, for his conduct at Plat'ca^tOimt 
now many degrees more eieuaced 5 and endured no more to 
liue after the accuflomed manner of his Countrey, but D 
went apparelled at Byzantium, after the fafhion of Perfia -, 
and when hee went through Thrace, had a Guard of 
JMedes^nA Egyptians, and his Table iikewifc after the 
Perfian manner. Nor was hee able to conceale his pur- 
pose, but in trifles made apparant before-hand, the grea- 
ter matters hee had conceiued of the future. Hee became 
moreouer difficult of accelVc, and would bee in fuch cho- 
lericke pafsions toward all men indifferently, that no man 
might indurc to approch him ; which was alfo noneof the 
Icallcaufes why the Confederates turned from him to the E 
Aibcnianu When the Lacedemonians heard of it, they called 



'The Hijhry ofT h v c y t> i d es. 


A him home the firft time. And when being gone oun 
the fecond time without theif command, in a Galiie of 
Hcrmionc y it appeared that hec continued dill in the 
lame practices 5 and after hec was forced out of Byzantium 
by iiegfe oixht Athenians^ returned not to Spcrta, but newes 
came, that hec had leated himfelfe at Colons, in the 
Countrey of Tio^, pra(ftiiing ilill with the Barbar'nms, 
aiid making his abode there for no good purpofs .- Then 
the. Ephori forbore no longer, but fent vnto him a pub- 
hquc Officer, with the *\5)cyW(f,'comm2ndinghim not to 

g depart from the Officer ; and in cafe hce refufed, denoun- 1 
ced Warre againll him. But he, defiring as much as he 
could to decline fufpition, and beleeuing that with mon?y! 
hce lliould bee able to difcharge himfelfe of his accuia-| 
tions, returned vnto Sparta the lecond time. And HrR he 
was by the Ephori commited toward ; (for the Ephon haue' 
power to doc this to their King,) but afterwards pro-' 
curing his enlargement, hee came forth, and exhibited 
himfelfe toludice, againll fuch as had any thing to al-l 
ledge againll him. And though the Spartans had againfi; \ 

Q him no manifeft proofe > neither his enemies, nor the 
• whole Citie, whereupon to proceed to the punilhment of 
a man, both of the Race of their Kings, and at that prefent 
in great authority .- for pliflarchui the Sonne of Leonidctj 
being King, add as yet in minority, ^M/dmas, who was 
his Couftn german, had the tuition of him: yet by his 
licentious behauiour, and affectation of the Barharinn 
cullomes, hee gaue much caufe of fiiljjiciori, that hee 
meant not to liue in the equahty of the prefent State. 
They confideredalfo, that hee differed in manner of life, 

J) from the difcipline eftabliflied ; amongft other things, 
by this, that vpon the Tripode at Delphi, which the Greci- 
<t»i had dedicated, as thebeftofthefpoile of the JMedesy 
hee had caufedtobceinfcribedof himfelfe in particular, 
this Elegiaque Verfe : 

■ )! ^rxiifirk.'-/ iyy:\-M\. ■:• ;-:-j h 

Pa ^ ^ a W lA^Gvccke^tnerall, 

Hau'mg the Medes defeated. 

To Phoebus in record thereof ^ 

£ Thiigift hath eonfecrated. 



* Scyt.ilf, property » Stufc; 
hcrv,al,„:mu/ Utter, -cjca 
h ihe Laccdjemonuns, i,i 
Mi manner ; they ImcI tifo 
round jlnHts tjouc h",ne',t''i 
whereof the S'ale Ijepi o,<:, 
andlhemn'irvhom they en,. 
ph)cd abrojJ,!;ep! the other ; 
ttnd when they ivtrU rvnic, 
lbeym.tppeJal/ritit afmaU 
thong ofl'anhment ; and ha- 
ubig thereon rvriltcn, tool^e it 
ofj'.v^ime, and fent ontlythtl 
ti>ong,ivU!ii, mapped lil{crv}fe 
aboxt th: other Pfe, the kl- 
tcn ieyncd agaixe, and might 
be read. Tkifcrued in {lead 
c/"Cytrc. ;</«w«Paiifa. 
nias retained his Siafi,f,e^ 
the time he had charge at Hy- 

Pauraniti his amtition, in 
dedication of the Tripode 
at D«/jpb(, 


The Hiflory o/^ T h v c y d i d e 5 . Lib ♦ i. 

P^/jni.«accufcd of pra- 
ctice with the HHrffi. 

wbam amthtr man fl in Icuc. 

Hce fends Letters to the 
King, which arc opened 

by the way. 

Ftiftniia, by the arte of 
the f^phon, made to be- 
tray bimlelfc. 

Buz the Lacc^^dinoninns then prcfcnciy defaced that in- A 
fcripcion of the Tripodc, and eiigraiied thereon by ni2niej 
all the Cities that had ioyncd in the oucithrovv of the 
Medjs, and dedicated it fo, _ This therefore was nuni- 
brsd a monglt the offences of Psi/4wii?/, and- was thought 
to agree with his prefent delignc, fo raiich the rather, for 
the condition hee was now in.. They had information fur- 
ther, that hce had in hand fome praxfticewith theHdlotesi 
and lb liee had : For hee promiled them, not onely nianu- 
mifsion, but alfofrecdomc of the Citie, if they would 
rife with him, and cooperate in the whole bufineile. But B 
neither thus> \'pon fome appcachment of the Hehtcs, 
would they proceed againd him, but icept the cudbme 
which they hauein their owne cafes, not haliily to giuc a 
peremptory Sentence againll a Sp(irta;i, without Miqucfli- 
onable proofe. Till at length (as it is reported) purpo- 
fmg to fend ouer to ^rtabazj^n his ialt Letters to the King, 
hee was bewrayed vnto them by a man of ^rgilm^ in time 
pafl, his * Alinion, and mod faithfuU to him .- who be- 
ing terrified with the cogitation, that not any of thofe 
which had beene forrfierly fent, had euer returned, got (; 
him a Seale like to the Seale of'Paufama^^(to the end that 
if his iealoufie were falfe, or that hee fhoiild need to alter 
any thing in the Letter, it might not bee dilcoueredj and 
opened the Letter, wherein (as he had fufpedred the addi- 
tion of fome fuch claufe) hee found himlelfc alfo written 
downe to bee murdered. The Ephori, when thefe Let- 
ters were by him fhewne vnto them, though they belee- 
ued the matter much more then they did before, yet defi- 
rous to heare fomewhat themfelues from ^an/anias his 
owne mouth -, (the man being vpon dcfigne gone to T^e- D 
nariu into Sanctnary^ and hauing there built him a httle 
Roome with a partition, in which hce hid the Epbori -, and 
Taufmicu comming to him, and asking the caufe of his 
taking San(ftuaryjthey plainely heard the whole matter. 
For the man both cxpoiiulated with him, for what hee 
had written about him, and from point to point difcoue- 
rcdall the practice: faying, that though hee had neucr 
boallcd vnto him thefe and thefe fcruices concerning the 
King, hce mull yet haue the honour, as well as many o- 
thcr of his feruants, to bee flaine. And Paufmicj himfelfc E 
both confeired the fame things, and alfo bade the man not 



7 he tJiJicrj of 1' h v c ^ d i d b s. 

vigaUchim aflu 
\cmt Sanctuary, cni:r^acmg him ro gocon in h 

A to bj troubled at what was pafl, 



n:»y with all IpeeJ, and not to fiudrace th^- bufin-il-j in 

Now the Epho"i, when they had didindtly heard hini, 
for that time went their v/iy, and knowin^^- now the ccr- 
taine truth, intended to apprehend him in the Citie. It is 
i'lid^ that when hee was to bee apprehended in tJie Street, 
hee percelued by the countenance of one of the Ei)hori 
coaiining towards him. what they came for : 'and when 

B anocher of them had by a fecretbccke fignificd- the mat- 
ter for good will, he ranne into the * Clofeof the Temple 
o't'TaUs Chalcid:4, and got in before they ouertooke him. 
Now the * Temple it ielfe was hard by, and entring in- 
to a Houfe belonging to the Temple, to auoyd the iniurie 
of the open ayre, there ftaid. They that purfued him, 
could not thenoucrtake him : but after vv^ards they tooke 
off the roofe and the doores of the houfe, and wacchin(>- a 
time when hee was within, befet the Houfe, and mured 
him vp, and leauing a Guard there, famiflied him. When 

Q they perceiued him about to giue vp the Gholl, they car- 
ried him as hee was, out of the Houie, yet breathing, and 
being out, hee dyed immediately. After hee was dead, 
they were about to throw him into the * (^^^^,1, where 
they vfe to cad in Malefactors ;::, yet afterwards they 
thought good to bury him in fbmc place thereabouts : 
But the Oracle of D//)/j/ commanded the Lnced^monians2i^- 
terward, bothtoremouG'the Sepulcher from' the place 
where hee dyed, (fo that he lyes now in the entry of the 
Tcrriplci as is euid.-nt by the infcription of the Pillerj 

£) and alfofas hauingbeene a Pollutionofthe Sanctuary,) to 
render two bodies to the Goddeiie oi CbnlcUea, for that 
one. Whereupon they kt vp two braz^cn Statues, and de- 
dicated the fame vnto her ?or j^aufamas. Now the A hen>- 
^/ji (the Godhimfelfe:hauingiudged this a Pollution of 
Sandtuaryj nquitcd the' Vaced^emomats to banifh out of 
their Citie, fuch as were touched with the fimc. 

At the fame time that .'?w«/,w/vt/' came to his :cnd, thi» 
Lact'oe lonam by their A|"nl:)airadours to the Ath^'mdns, m^ 
cufcd ■ /) miihai'y forthat heealfo had" medized together 

• E wi?il>-/?"^ri<::^;'.7^ ,"hauing difccucredi if: by proofes agai'ft'-i 
PaM^r).l^i,0Lni dflircd that:the famepunifliment mighcb.' 
'•^^'^/ like 

He fiyeth inro Sanfluary 

* J'e£,-c. Bfl/)5» the Temple, & 
the gnund confecrtted,a>ner 
infi.indeth theTcriiple,AUa/, 
and edficti («r the vfe if 
tl'tir Religion. 

* I 4 iivQ- . 7 he Temple or 
Clinch oJ'ihtGaddejJc. 

* Cxadi, 

tpk nctrt Lace- 

Themifmlti in ttie faiae 


vhtnm the Athenians 
mrt< ^f >"» ll--(fieJ ef*n Oy 

'rxajfi; of him thq 
wsjiltlb*nP) : viedprmcifal 
If Mgjutfi ^uit menywb^i 
fw«r »r fdlliott ti^ty fiarcd 
m'uht held atunticu m the 
Stare :and vpn but for f i r- 

Tfc<ff.i/W«,putrueJ by 
the Athenkm and fckfox- 
nefum, fiycth to ctnjrt. 

The Hi/lo7j c/Thvcydides. 

Thence it put ouer to 
goethio the King of 
the HdoJm>- 

' T TTu/x. Cornelius Ne- 
pos in the lift of Theraifto- 
cl8s,/i;« il VMS ihiir daii^!'- 

Thenee he it conueyed 
to P}diu. 

• The jtgein Sei. 

• J(/«»2</Mace<ionia. 
■ O/Pcrfia, 

In danger to be caft tp- 
1 the .■ithemaii Meet at 
Kaxui, he mikcth liim- 
fclfc Icnowne to the Ma- 
Her of the Ship. 

likewile intiiCted vpoii him. Whereunco confencing, ('fbr A 
he was at this time in banifliment by * ORraciiine, and 
though his ordinary refidence was at y4?-gos, hee trauellcd 
to and fro in other places ot Telopo7i7ie/m ,)they fetit cercaine 
men in company oFthe Lacedaemonians, who were wilhng 
to purfiie him, with command to bring him in, whercfo- 
eiier they could finde him. But Thrmiflocks hauing had 
notice of it before-hand, flyeth out o^ Pelopomefu^ into Qor- 
cyrn, to the people of which Citie, he had formerly beene 
bcneficiall. But the Cor^r^f^wj alleaging that they durll 
not keep him there, for feare of difpleafmg both the Lace- B 
d-emonians and the Athenians, conuey him into the oppofite 
Continent .- and being purfued by the men thereto appoin- 
ted, asking continually which way hee went, hee was 
compelled at a ilreight, to turne in vnto ^dmetuf. King 
of the Mi^hjJians, his cnemie. The King himfelfc beeing 
then from home, hee became a fuppliant to his Wife, and 
by her was inllrucfted, to take their ^ Sonne with him, 
and fit downe at the Altar of the Houfe. Whea Admetm 
not long after returned, hee made himfelfc knowne to 
him, and defircd him, that though hee had oppoled him Q 
infomefuiteat^;j(>f«j, nottoreuenge it on him now, in 
the time of his flight : faying, that being now the wea- 
ker, he mud nccdcs fuiFer vnderthc (tronger; whereas 
noble reucnge is of equals, vpon equal! termcs .- and that 
hee had bcenc his Adueriary but in matter of profit, not 
of life J whereas, if hcc deliuercd him vp (telling him 
withall, for what, and by whom hee was followed^ hcc 
depriued him of all meanes of fauing his life. Admetus 
hauing heard him, bade him arife, together with his 
Sonne, whom he held as he fate ; which is the moll fub-D 
mifl'e (upplicAtion that is. 

Not long after came the Lacedaemonians and the Mhtnt- 
ajis, and though they alledged much to hauc him, yet 
hee deliuered him not, but fent him away by Land to 
T^dna, vpon the * other Sea (a City belonging to * Alexan- 
der) bccaufe his purpofc was togoe to the * King; where 
finding a Ship bound for Jdnta, hee embarqued, and 
was carried by foule weather vpon the the Fleet of the 
Athenians, that befieged NaxM. Being afraid, hee difco- 
uered to the Mailer (for hee was vnkaowne) who hee E 
was, and for what hee fled, and faid, that vnlefle hee 


Lib. I. ThehiJiorjofTHV cr DID ES. 

A would faue him, hee meant to fay, that heehad hired liim 
to carry him away for money. And that to laue him, 
there needed no more but this, to let none goe out of the 
Ship, till the weather fcrued to bee gone. To which if 
hcc confented, hee would not forget to requite him accor- 
ding to his merit. The Maflcr did fo ;and hauing lyen a day 
and a night at Scd, vpon the Fleet (^^ the J;henians, he arri- 
ucd afterward at Ephejw. And Themiflocles hauing liberally 
rewarded him with money, (for hee recciucd there, both 
what was fent him from his friends at Mens, and alfo 

B what he had put out at Argos,) hee tooke his iourncy vp- 
wards, in company of a certaine P:rftan of the * Low- 
Countries, and fcnc Letters to the King Artaxerxes, the 
Sonne o^ Xerxa, newly come to the Kingdome, wherein 
was written to tins purpoie .- 

His Letter to zA'rtaxerxes. 


» the lJWC0iiritrkscf\&i 

ITHEMISTOCLES4W commni ^vnto tbee, Tvho, 
of all the Grecians, (u long cu I ypctf forced to refft thy Father 
that inyaded met, haue done ^owr Houfe the manieft damages ; 

jet the bene fts I did him, ypere mere, after once 1 yptthjafety, 
hee yoith danger yp.u to make retreat. And both a good turne u 
Already due <-vnto mee, (writing here, how hcc had fore- 
warned him of the Grecians departure out of Salamis, and 
afcribing the then not breaking of the Bridge, hlkly 
vnto himfelfcj 'and at thu time to doe thee many other good 
Jeruic.'s,Iprefentmyfelfe,perfecuted by the Grecians j^r thy 
Jriend/hips/ake. But I defire to haue ayeeres rejpite, that I may 
£) declare ^vntQ thee the caufe of my comming myfelfe. 

The King, as is reported, wondrcd what his purpofc 
might bee, and commanded him to doe as he had faid. 
In this time of refpite, hee learned as much as hcc could 
of the Language and fafhions of the place ; and a ycere 
after comming to the Court, he was great with the King, 
more then euer had bcene any Grecian before ; both for 
his former dignity, and the hope of Greece^ which hee 
promifed to bring into his fubic(^ion ; but elpccially for 
E the tryall hee gaue of his wifdomc. For Themiflocles was 
a man, in whom mofttruely was manifeflcd the flrength 

L of 

Ths fniCtofThimifitcUf. 


The Hiftory c/' T h v c y d i d e s. 


His death. 

• rhot n anuhr C'ltie of 
thttmir-cin Ciiccc. 

' Cornelius Nepos in the 
life of Thcmiftoclcs, faya 
t''i::b;t^ing fane him theft 
Cit'.ii vp'.h >.ht(e rvordi,M3g- 
ncfia (0 fntic him brctd, 

The Athtmm Ij Ambaf- 
fadours command the 
abrogation of the Aft 
agamft the Mtgtnm. 

of nacurall iudgcmeiit, wherein hee had loinechin^ vvor- A 
thy admiration, different from other men. For by his 
naturail prudence, without thehelpeofinllrudlion before 
or after, he was both of extemporary matters, vpon jfhorc 
deliberation, the bell difcerncr, and alfo of what for the 
molt part would bee their ilTue, the bell conict^turer. 
What hee was perfect in, hee was able alfo to explicate ; 
and what hee was \'nprad:ired in, he was not to fecke how 
to iudge of conuenicntly. Alio hee forefaw, no man bet- 
ter, what was bcft or worR in any cafe that was doubt- 
full. And (to fay all in few wordsj this man, by the na- B 
turall goodnelle of his wit, and quickneffe of deliberation, 
was the ablell of all men, to tell what was fit to beedone 
vpon a fudden . But falling ficke, hee ended his life .• ibme 
lay hee d)'ed voluntarily by Poylbn, becaufe hee thought 
himfelfe vnabletoperforme what hee had promifed to 
the King. His monument is in * SHagmfia in jifm, in the 
Market place ; for hee had the gouernment of that 
Countrey, the King hauing beflowcd vpon him ^agnefia, 
j which ycelded him fifty Talents by yeerc for his * bread; 
and Lampfacus for his Wine^ (for this City was in thofe Q 
dayes thought to haue (lore of Wine,) and the Citty of 
Myiis for hismeate. His bones are faid, by his Kindred 
to haue beene brought home by his owne appointment, 
and buryed in Jnica^ vnknowne to the Athenians : for it was 
not lawful! to bury one there, that had fled for Treafon. 
Thefe were the ends of Paufamcu the Lacedemonian^ and 
Thctnijlocles the Athenian, thcmofl famous men of all the 
Grccw^j of their time. And this is that which the Lace- 
demonians did command, and were commanded, in their 
firll Ambaflage, touching the baiiifhmcnt of fuch as were D 
vnderthc curie. 

AF T E R T H I S, they fent Ambafladours againe 
to Athens, commanding them to Icuy the Siege from 
hdoTc^otidccai and to fuffer y£^/>74 to bee free; but 
principally , and mofl plainely telling them, that the 
Warre fhouldnot bee made, in cafe they would abrogate 
the Act concerning the Me^areans. By which Ad:, they 
were forbidden both the Fayres of Attica, and all Ports 
wkhmtht ^'\thenian dominion. But the Athenians would E 
not obey them, neither in the rcll of their Commands, 



(lom Lor ecu »0<i, ii.jUlfi 
the /llheHitai to Ijy uovvn 
chcir dominion. 

The /^tliemans cor.fult 

wl-.a: to anlwcr. 

Lib. a T/:>e Hijlcrj c/ T h v c y d i d e s. 

A nor in the abrogation of that Ad:-,but recriminated the Me- ! 
garem% for hawing tilled.hol^ ground, and vnfec-ouc wirli i 
bounds': and for r^ceiuing of their Slaues that reuoked. 
Buc:ac length, wheii the.lail AmbaiVadours from Laccd^A 
momvi^^ri ^uriue^d,, namely, Rbumphia^.^'Metefi^pw, and ^grian- 1 tkc ua AmbaCs 
der, andipake nothing of that which formerly they were 
wonCjbut on:;ly this. That the Lactjda^monians dcfirs that 
there fbould bi ^cmc, yphicb may bee hady . if you ypill jujfir ths 
Grv^i-ins to .b^e, gouerned by their owne Larpes. The Atheniim't 
called, an Aiicmbly, and propounding their opinions a- 

B njib^igil thenilelucs, thought good, after they had dcbatjd 
theA)atter,.i;ogiuc them an aniwer once for all. . And 
raanyit^odforth,and deliuered their mindes on eythsr 
f\dc, Ibaie for the VVarre, and ibme, that this Aft concer- 
ning the ^Icjo'firf^^f, ought not to Hand in their way to 
Peace^ but tQ bee abrogated. And Perich^ the fonne of 
Xdntlppw, die principali man, at that time, of all Athens, 
and; moll fufiicient both for Ipcech and action, gaue his 
aduice in fuch manner a$ followeth. 

c;,^^MvE ORATION m 

ME N "of Athens", 7 am fliQ not auily of {fie fame opttiioH, 
not togiue -^ay to the Peloponnefians (mtmthflandirjg, 
I.hov^ that men haue not the fayne pajiiom in the Wane it 
felfe, which they haue when they are incited to it, but change their 
opinions mth the events) but alfo I fee, that 1 t»ufl now aduife 
the fame things , or yery neere to what 1 haue before dsliuered. 
Jnd I require of you, Tviih whommycouafellfhall take place, that 
D //"»''^ mil carry in ought, you ypiU either make the hjl of it, d! de- 
creed by Common Confenty or ifweeprofper, not to attribute it to 
your owns wifdome onely. For it falleth out with the euents of A - 
d;iom, no lejfe then with the purpofes of man, to proceed with a>n- 
certainety • which is alfo the cauje, that -when any thing happeneth 
contrary to our expectation, wee ipfe to lay the fault on Fortune. 
That the l.:iCQdxmon\zns, both formerly, and efpecially now, take, 
comlsll how to doe ys mifchiefe, ii a thing manifefi. For whereas 
it is [aid, \in the Articles'] that in our mutual controuerfies, wsfJjaL 
giue Oijd receiue trials of Judgement, and in the meane time, epber 
E fde hold what they poljejje, they neuer yet (ought any fuch try- 
aH themfeluesy nor will accept of the fame offered by 'vs . They will 

L z cleeri- 


l^he Hifloryof 1l nv cy di de s. Lib.- 

iCiuelythc'ir Itbeur. 

' <E^ti«7lU, 

'0//fef Peloponnefians 
OMi ihcvr Cmfederatcs, forrc 
weie Doreans, fime ioli- 
ansj/j»!e Boeotians. 

iUtre themjclues oj their accujattons , hy Wane rather then by 'Si^ords : A 
it?id come hither no more n'o'%- to expofltdate ^ hut to-c^imayid. For they 
cormnandvs to ar'ifefrom<hefdre Votidcra, andtdreflore the' ^^gi- 
\vtix to the liberty oftheh-omieLawtSj And to^abrogate the JBien- 
cerning f /;e Megareaiis.- . And th'eyiliat conie lafl^- command/ •'Vf u 
reftore ailthe(jTecmns:to their liberty. TSlm let none oif you cm- 
cciue that "^eefljAllgoetQWarre for li- trifle, by not abrogating' the 
AB concerning Me^^ra.y (yet thif by them ts pretended mtji^ and 
that for the abrogation of it, the Warre jJ?all flay -^yfior retained- fcrt*- 
fde inyour mindes,a6ifafmallmattermmedyou totheWdrrk : ' fot 
eucn th'u J tnall matter containeth the try all and cdkflancy of yoHf re- B 
folution. . Wherein ifyoHgiue them T^ay^yon pall htredfter bee com- 
manded a greater matter^ as men thai for feare tvilf-ohiey -them'-liki- 
wifein that. (But by dflijfe dcniall^youfiall'tedch themplainely^io 
come toyeu heereafter ontermes of more equality:- -(^/olue thtr!ef6)*4 
fromthisoccafion^ eyther toyeeld them obedience, before your eceitie 
damage ; or tflpee tnujl baue Watre :^' (ft'hich for my part I thmke is 
hejlj^bethe fretence 'Weighty or light , nottogiue'^ay, nor keepewhitt 
')>ec poffejfe, in fear e. For a great and d little cUime, impofed by-^- 
qnali njpon their neighbours^ before Judgement, by way of command, 
hath one and the fame yertue to make fubieci. As 'for the Warre, Q 
how both Ti?ee and they be furnijhed^ and why wee are not like to haue 
the worfe^ by hearing the particulars ^you fh all mvf ynderftand. The 
Peloponneiians dre * men that liueby their labour, f^ithont mon^, 
eyther in particular, or in common flocke. 'Beftdes, in long Warres, 
and by Sea^ they are t^ithout experience ^ *for that the Warres which 
they haue had one againfi another^ haue heene butfhort, through po^ 
uerty 5 and ^ Jmh men-can neither man their Fleets, nor yet fend out 
their Armies by L^ndrvery often, hecaufe they mufi bee farre from 
theirowne'&'ealth, and yet by that be maintained ; and be bejides bar' 
red the ^vfe of the Sea. Itmufl bee a * flocke of money ^ not forced D 
Contrtbutions, thatfupport the Warres, and fuch as Hue by their 
labour, are more ready to feme the Warres leith their bodies, then 
'itfith their money. For they make account that their bodies Taill out- 
Hue the danger^ but their money they thinkc isfure to heefpent . ejpe- 
cially if the Warre (as it is likely )lhouldlaft. So that the Pelopon- 
nQ[uii^ and their Confederates ^though fdr one (Batten they bee able 
tofland out againft all Greece be fides, yet to maintaine a Warre a- 
gain/i fuch 04 bane their preparations of another kinde, they are not 
able; in as much a^ not hauing one and the fame counfell, they can 
fpeedily performe nothing ypon the occafion ; and hauing equality of E 
(vote^ and being of feneraW^ races ^ eueryone Df ill prejfe his particular 

inter efii 

1^ 1 b, i. The Hijlorie «•/; T ii' v c y d i d e s . 


A interejl-^ 'iohereby nothing is lih to hee fully executed. Forfomc will 
defrremojl totakcrcuengeon j.ome enemic, and others to haue their 
ejiates lea/l wafted y and behig long before they can ajjemble, they 
take the lejjer^art of their time to debate the Common bufineffe^ and 
the greater J to difpatch their owne priuate ajf aires. .And cuery one 
fu^pofeth that his owne neglect of the Qommon ejtate, can doe little 
hurt, and that if^ill bee the care offome bodyelje to looke to that , for 
his owne good : Not obferuinghow by thefe thoughts of cucry one in 
Jeuerall, the Common bujmejfeis ioyntly ru'med. (But their greatefl 
hindrance of all, leill be their foant of money ^ which being raijcdjlow- 

B ly^their actions mujl bee full of delay ^ Ti^hich the occafons of li^arre 
will not endure. Js for their fortifying here, and their Nauie, they 
are matters not "Worthy feare . For it Ti>ere a hard matter for a Qtte 
equallto our owne, in time of peace tofortifie in that manner, much 
leffe in the Countrey of an Encmie, and Sifee ?io lejje fortifed a- 
gainft them. And if they had a Garrifon here, though they might by 
excHrfions,andby thereceiuingofourFugitiues, annoy fome part of 
our Territory pet "H^ould not that bee enough both to beftege (vs, and 
alfoto hinder (vs from Jayling into their Territories, and from taking 
reuenge f^ith our Fleet , "^hich is the thing "therein ourftrength lyeth. 

Q For l^ee haue more experience m Land-feruicejhy vfe ofthe'Sed, then 
they haue in Seaferuice, by Vfe of the Land. I\[or Jhall they attaine 
the knowledge of nauall affaires eajily. For your feluts, though fal- 
ling to it immediately <vpon f/y^Perfian^rfrrf, yet haue not attained 
it fully. Flow thenfhould husbandmen, not Sea-men, whomalfo wee 
'iVill not fuffer to apply themfdues to it, by lying continually ^pon 
them "Wtth fo great Fleets, performe any matter of Value ? Indeed, if 
theyjhould bee oppofedbut^ith a few Ships, they anight aduenture, 
encouraging their -want of knowledge, Teithfloreofmcn • hut awed by 
many, they Ti^tll notflirre that li^ay 5 andyiot applyiyig themf clues to it, 

Y) 'd'ill beeyet more VnskHfull, and thereby more cowardly. For know- 
ledge of Nauall matters, is an Art as Toell as any other, and ?iot to be 
attended at idle times, and on the* by ; but re<iuiring rather, that 
"tflnkft it if a learning, nothing elfc fhould bee done on the by. 'But fay 
theyjhould take the money at Olympia aniDd^hl, and there- 
"^ith, at greater wages, goe about to draw from ^vs the Strangers em- 
ployed in our Fleet ; this indeed, if going aboard both our felues, and 
thoje that dwell amongf{ ojs, "^ee could not match them, were a dange- 
rous matter. But now, "^ce can both doe this, and (yhichis theprtn- 
cipall thing) tfee haue Steer efmen, and other necejjary men for the 

Kferuice of a Ship, bothmore andhetterofourowne Qti^'ns, then are 

inalltherefi of Greece. 'Befidesthat, not any of thefe Strangers, 

L 5 V^on 

in, jS TTctf^yn, 


« Tfvif «, cfvtdfn ii Sen, 



♦Thucydidei ha:h his nt'nd 
here, ~foa the Dcfidt in Si- 
cily, tfhil'fiU e»tmtaj 
jam »jur tht dcaih sf Pc- 
iicUs. TChe/tby itfcemcs, 
bcftii»e:hhiijfctcl>rrert to 
wi>ai Penclcs w/{,liibac 
jaid, then to wiat kedid /«?. 
H huh alfo hf pTofiftth m if- 
nctiUifhacok}fe ix ftlimg 
dmnt Sfdihci, btiid<-\ hi: 
m\tlii l-'ericlcs hactoan 
f^crpfunl by foml to ib: Ora- 
' Mitoftol Corinthijni at 

I bunt by, tfhenit xfudttiue- 
iiiutuivftih t^t (arrt man- 
nit >n »U «^f»Jiii Omim, 

The Hi/lory ofT nv CI Div^s. Lib.i. 

Vbon tfydl, would bee found cojitent to fly his omuc f^oimtrey, and A. 
^jfKi// ypon Icjfe * hopeofl'iflory, for a (ew dayes increiijc of Tl^d- 
(res^ take part ivith the other Jtde. In this manner, or like to this, 
jeemeth vnto mee to (land the cafe o/"t/?ePeloponneiians .- Whereas 
ours 16 both free fro n yt^hat in theirs I hauc reprehended, and hath ma- 
ny greAt adiuntages bcfides . Jf they inuade our Territory by Land^ 
y^ec Jhallinuack theirs by Sea. Jnd'^hen ft^ee haue Tvaflvd part of 
l^cioponnclus, and they all Altici,yetfhall theirs bee thegreater 
lofje. For they ^(vnleffc by the j word, can get no other Territoiy in 
flead of that ^'eefhali deftroy : Whereas for 'vs, there is other Land^ 
both in the Hands, and (yntinent : for the dominion of the Sea is a t> 
great matter, (onjider but this ; Ifli^e dwelt in the Hands ,yvhether 
ofvs then Ti'erefnors inexpugnable? Weemufl there fore now ^ draw- 
ing AS neere A6 can bee to that imagination^ lay afide the care of Fields 
and Villages, and ?iot for thelojfeofthem^out ofpafsion^ginebattell to 
the Peloponnefians, farre more in number then our felues ; ( for 
though -^eegiue them an ouerthrow^ Tvee mufi fight againe toith as 
7nany more: and tf^ee bee ouerthrowne, "^ejhall lojethe helpe of our 
Confederates, tvhich are our flrength-^ for lichen fi^e cannot luarreyp- 
on them, they willreyolt) nor bewaileyee the loffe of Fields or Houfes, 
but of mens bodies : for men may acquire theje, but thefe cannot ac- c 
quire men . y(nd tf I thought If^/ouldpreuaile, I "^ould adutfe you to 
goe out, and deftroy themjour felues , andfhew the Peloponnefians, 
that you '^illneuer thcjooner obey them forfuch things as thefe. There 
be many other things that giue hope ofViEiory, ( * in cafe you doe not, 
T^hilefiyou are in this Warre, ftriue to enlargeyour dominion, and V«- 
dcrgoe other Voluntary dangers 5 for I am afraid of our owne errours^ 
morethenof thetrdefignes,) but they fhall bee Jpoken of at another 
time^ in profccution of the "^arre itfelfe. Fortheprefent, let 'Vs fend 
\ away thefe men "^ith this Anfwer\ That the Megareans fhall 
haue the liberty ofourFayres and Ports, if the Lacedtemo- j) 
nians will alfo make no banifhment of vs nor ofour Confe- 
derates, as of Strangers. For neither our Act concerning 
AifgdM, nor their banifhment of Strangers, is forbidden in 
the Articles. Alfo, that we will let the Grecian Cities be 
free, if they were fo when the Peace was made 5 and if the 
Lacedaemonians will alio giue leaue vnto their Confederates, 
to vfe their freedome, not as fliall ferue the turne of the 
Lacedemonians, but as they themfelues fliall euery one 
thinkc good. Alfo, that wee will (land to Judgement ac- 
cording to the Articles, and will not beginne the Warre, 
but bee rcucnged on thofe that Ihall. For this is both iuft, 


Lib, I. T/^eHiJhrj of Tiiv CYD IDE s. 


A and for the dignity of the City to anfroer, NeiterthcldJJe:, you mufl 
know, that of mcefsitj Warre thirs-^ill bee; and the mors "Wil- 
lingly wee embrace it, the Ljjeprefing yi'e/hall baue our enemies : 
and that out of great ej} dangers, "whether to Cities orpriuate men, 
arijethegreatejl honours. For our Fathers, yphen they yndtrtooh 
the Medcs, did from leffe beginningSy nay abandoning the little 
they had, by ycijdome rather then Fortune^ by courage rather then 
flrengtb, both repe'd the Barbarian, and aduance this State to the 
height it now i} at. Ofivhom wee ought not now to come fJjort, 
but rather to reuenge <-ui by all meanes ^pon our emmtjs, and doe 
B our bill to deliuer the State i>mmpa)red by Tx, to poflerity. 
Thus fpake Pericles. 

The ^;/;m<^wj liking bed of his aJuIce, decreed as hec 
would haue them, anfvvering the Lacedemonians according; 
to his diredrion, both in particular as hee had Ipoken, ancl 
generally. That they ^ould doe nothing on command, but ypere TheAnfwerofthc ^/fa 
ready to anjwer their accufations ypon equall termesy by^vay Qf^'ll^l'"'^'"^""^^^^' 
arbitrement. So the Ambafladours went home, and after 
thefe, there came no more. 

Thefe were the Quarels and differences on eyther fide 
C before the Warre .- which Quarels beganne prefently vp- 
on the bufmelTe oi Epidamniu and Corcvr a. Neuerthelefle, 
there was dill commerce betwixt them, and they went 
to each other without any Herald,though not with- 
out iealoufie. For the things that had palled, 
were but the confurioi.' of the Articles, 
and matter of the Warre 
to follow. 

iuurs ot LaiuUm 









The principall Contents. j 

TIk eyitry of the Theban Souldim intoVWtxz^ hy the Treafon of I 
fomeTi^ulm. Their repulfe and flaughter. The irruption of the 
Pcloponnefians into Attica. The tifajiing of the Coafl of Pe- 
loponnelus hy the Athenian Fleet. The Tubltke Funerall of 
thefirjlflaine. The fecond inuafion efA.ttlcz. The VciYdence in 
the City o/' Athens. The Ambraciotcs Tifarre a^ain/ithe Am- 
ph'dochi.Vhtx^affaHlted.'Befte^edThe Peloponnefian Fleet 
beaten by Phormio, before the Straight of the Gulfe o/Crifla. 
The fame Fleet repaired, and reinforced and beaten ngaine by 
Phormio, before Naupadliis. The attempt of the Peloponnc- 
fianso« Salami?. Thefruitleffe expedition of the Thracians! 
againjl the Macedonians . This in thefrjl ^ .yeeres of the Warre, \ 

H E Warrc between the Athenians \ _ 
and the Pelopomefims beginneth|^F the warre, 
now, from the time they had no 
longer commerce one with ano- 
ther without a Herald, and that 
hauing once begun it, they warred 
without intermifsion. And it is 
written in order by Summers and- 
Winters, according as from time 
to tiniJ the fcuerall matters came to palle. 
E The Peace, which after the winning of Eubosai. was, 
M concluded 



T^he Hifiory 0/ T h v c y d i d e s ._ Bi|b. 


r.u :'c.r ;iOfJ. 
• 7;; Aihcniani ixjiW 
!f:ci>)f^ef about Ibt Sum- 
mer Sa'pce. 

ThUi (urpi ifcdby the 
T/;«iJ»iby Ircafoii. 


the tbfobitt icmmirid »/ the 

jThe T/jffc.-ns execute not 
the defigne of the Tra)- 


' The P/(if<i«« accept it. 

The Pi«/«w take heart. 

coiicliidi:d for thirty yeeres, lalled fouretecne yeeres; but A 
in the tiftccnth yeere, being the forty eighth of the Pried- 
hoodof*(3^0'/;i,'in Afgos-.j^nefiiuhQm^, the Ephore at Spma, 
and ^ythadorui Archon o^ Athens, hailing then*two moneths 
of his gouernment to come, in the lixth nioneth after the 
Battell at ^\\ii in the beginning of the Spring,thrce 
hundred and odde Thcbans, led by Pythangelm the Sonne of 
pbilidcsy and Dicmporm, the fonne of Oenotor'uiiu * Bocotim I 
Rulers, about the firft Watch of the night, entred with 
theif Amies into TUtsit, a Citie of flaof/Vj,and Confederate 
of the Athi'nianu They were brought in, and the Gates g 
opened \ nco them, by Nduclidcs and his Complices, men 
of pAif..'.i.tjiat for their ovvne priuate ambition, intended 
both the deftrudlipn of llich Citizens as were their ene- 
mies, and the putting of the whole City vndcr the fub- 
ie(ftion of the Tbebans. This they negotiated with one 
Eurjmachuf, the Sonne of L^o/;f /W<tf , one of the moll po- 
tent men of Thebes. For the rhebans forefceing the Warre, 
defired to pra:occupatc Plataa^ (which was alwayes at 
variance with themjvvhilelt there was yet Peace, and the 
Waripijot" openly on foot. By which mcancs, they more q 
eafily entred vndifcouered, there being no order taken be- 
fore for a Watch. And * making a (land in their Armes 
in the Market place, did not (as they that gaue them en- 
tirance would hauc had them) fall prefently to the bufi- 
nclVc, and enter the Houfes of their Aduerfaries, but re- 
Iblucd rather to make fauourable Proclamation, and to in- 
duce the Cities to compofition and friendlhip. And the 
Herald proclaimed. That if any man, according to the ancient 
cuflome GJ all the Boeotians, -sipould enter into the (ante league of 
Warre -fcitb them, bee fJmuld come, and bring hit ^rm:$ to £) 
thfiYs'. fuppofmg the Citie by this meanes, would eafiiy ' 
be drawne to their fide. The plat^ans y^\\tvi they perceiucd 
chat the Tbebans were already entred,and had furprized the 
Citie, through feare, and opinion that more were entred 
th^n ind^d' Were, (for they could not fee them in the 
lii'ght) came to compofition, and accepting the condi- 
tion, refted quiet; and the rather, for that they had 
yetdonenoman harmc. But whileft that thefe things 
were treatirfg, they obfcrued that the Tbebans were not 
many, and thought that if they fhould fet vpon them, E 
they might eafily haiie the vid:ory. For the Plat^an Com- 
'' mons 

Lib, z. ^hc Hijiory 0/ T nv ct d id n, ^. 

A mons were not willing cohauc revoked from the //;,.«/- 
ans. Wherefore it was thought fit to vndertalce the mat- 
ter ; and they vnitedthemfelucs, by digging througii the 
Commou WallcSjbetweenehoufe ana hoiiie, thac they 
might not be difcouered as they paflcd the Screet:^^ They 
alfo placed Carts in the Streets Cwithout the Ottell that 
drew them) to ferue them in (lead of a Wall ; and cuery 
other thing they put in readinellc, as they fl:^uerally fccm- 
ed neceilary for the prefent enterprize. When all things 
according to their meanes,wcrercady,they marched from 

B their Houfes, towards the enemies; taking their time 
whilcft it was yet night, and a little before breake oFday; 
becaufe they would not haue to charge them, when they 
fhould bee emboldned by the light, and on cquall termes, 
but when they fhould by night bee terrified, and infcriour 
to them in knowledge oi:' the places of the Cicie. So they 
forthwith fet vpon them, and came quickly vp to hand- 
flroakes. And the Thebans feeing this, and finding they 
were deceiued, cafl themfelues into a round figure,, and 
beat them backe in that part where theaifault was made : 

C and twice or thrice they repulfcd them .- But at iafl^ 
when both the P/^/^^w^ themfelues charged them with 
a great clamour, and their Wiues alio and Families 
fhouted, and fcreeched from the Houfes , and withall 
threw ilones andTylesamongft them ; the ni:>ht hauing 
beene alfo very wet, they were afraid, and turned their 
backes, and fled heere and there about the Cittie 
norant for the moll part, in the darke and durt^ of the 
way es out, by which they fhould haue beene faued (for 
this accident fell out vpon the change of the Moone) 
D and purlued by fuch as were well acquainted with the 
wayes to keepe them in; inlbmuchas thegreatell part 
of them perilhed. The Gate by which they cntred, 
and which onely was left open, a ceminsT/auan fhut 
vp againe, with the head of a lauelinc, which hee 
thruft into the Staple, in flead of a bolt : lb that tliis 
Avay alfo their pailage was (lopped. As they were 
chafed vp and downe the City, (bme climbed the Walles, 
and caft themfelues out, and for the moll part dyed -, 
(bme came to a defart Gate of the City, and with a 

E Hatchet giuen them by a Woman, cut the ftaple, and 
got forth vnlceue : but thcfe were not many : for the 

M t thing 


And Vniic tt.'incf'cftics WJ 
liigtint; through ihrf 
Cominon WaUe* o£ 
then Houfes. 


The Theba-m fiy, bi;t can • 
icr- ! ""^t get out. 



V C T D 1 D E S . 


the docre for ibc City 


The whole power of 
ZNbti come to rclcuc 
thtftr Fellowes, 

The Tfcfi«»j fecke to in- 
tercept the r/4;*j«)in 
the Villages. 

7b<idrj,tobcgone, am 
promife to vcleafc their 

thing was foone dilcouercd; others agalne were flaine, A 
dilperfed in ieujrall parts of the Citic. But the greateft 
part, and thofc elpccially who had call themlehies before 
into a King, iiappcned into a great Edifice, adioyning 
to the \Vall,the doorcs whereof being open, they thought 
had b^cne the Gates of the Citic, and that there had beene 
a diredt way through to the other fide. The "^FUums fee- 
ing them now pend vp, confulted whether they fhould 
burnc them as they were, by firing the Hoafe, or eife re- 
folue of fome other punilhment. At length, both thefe, 
and all the red of the Thsbans that were llraggling in the g 
Gtie, agreed to yeeld themfelues and their Armes to the 
Plat£cini^ at difcretion. And this fucceile had they that 
entred into Plaiaa. 

But the reft of the Thdatjs, that fhbuld with their 
whole power haue beene there before day, for feare the 
furprizc fhould not fucceed with thofc that were in,came 
fo late with their a^yde, that they heard thencwesof 
what was done, by the way. Now plat^a is from Tbehs^, 
jQ. Furlongs, and they marched the flowlier, for the 
raine which had falnc the fame night. For the Riucr A- ( 
jopM was fwolne fo high, that it was not eafily pailabk ; 
fo that what by thefouleneflbof the way, and what by 
the difficulty of pafsing the Bauer, they arriued not, till 
their men were already fome flainc,ancllbme taken priib- 
ners. When th^ rhsbam vnderllood how things had gone, 
they lay in waite for fuch of the Plataans as were without: 
(for there were abroad in the Villages, both men, and 
houfhold ftuffe, as was not vnlikcly, the euill happening 
vnexpe(ftedly, and in time of peace ; ) defiring, if they 
could take any Prifoners, to keepe them for exchange for D 
thofc of theirs within, which (if any were ib) were faued 
aliue. This was the Thebans purpofe. But the <Plauans, 
whilcft they were yet in Councell, fufpe<^ing that fome 
fuch thing would bee donc^and fearing their cafe without, 
fent a Herald xiito the Thebans, whom they commanded 
to fay, That yohat they had already done, attempir.g to [urpri'Zjt 
their Citie in time of Peace J yeas done wickedly, and to forbid 
them to doe any iniury to tho/e -without, and that otherwife they 
TCQuld kill all thofe men off heirs that they had aliue i tohich, if they 
would xfithdraw their forces out of their Territory , they would E 
againe reflore rynto them. Thus the Thebans fay, and that 


Lib. z, The Htfiory ofT h v c y d i d e s. 


A the Plaueans did fvvcare it. But the plat^ans confefle not 
that they promiled todcliuer them prelently, b:iu vpoii 
treaty, it they fhould agree, and deny that they iWore it. 
Vpon this the Tb<il>ans went out of their Territory -, and 
the Tlat.cans, when they had fpeedily taken in whatlbcuer 
they had in the Countrey, immediately flew their Prifo- 
ners. They that were taken were i8o. and Eurymachw, 
with whom the Tray tors had ^v3.^ikd, was one. Whv-n 
the) had done, they lent a Melienger to Athens, and gauc 
truce to the Thsbans to fetch away the bodies of their dead, 

B and ordered the City as was thought conuenient for the 

The newes of what was done,commingftraightVv'ay to 
Athens, they inftantly laid hands on all the Dceotiansthzn'^ti 
Attica, and fent an Officer to PUtxa^to forbid their further 
proceeding with their Vhehttn Prilbners, till fuch time as 
they alio fhould haue advifed of the matter ; for they were 
not yet aduertifed of their putting to death. For the firit 
Melienger was fent away when the Thsbans firft entred 
the Tovvne ^ and the fecond, when they were oucrcome, 

Q and taken pri/bners. But of what followed after, they 
knew nothing. So that the Athenians when they fenc,kncw 
not what was done, and the Officer arriuing, found that 
the men were already flaine. After this, the ^Athenians 
fending an Armic to plaua, vidualled it, and left a Gar. 
rifon in it, and tooke thence both the Women and Chil- 
dren, and alfo fucli men as were vnferuiceable for the 

This action falling out at />/4f *«<«,& the Peace nowcleer- 
ly diilblued, the ^;/;t«M«j prepared themfelues for Warre j 

D fo alio did the Lacedemonians and their Confederates ; inten- 
ding on either part to fend Ambafladours to the * King, 
and to other B^r/'^^M«j,wherelbeuer they had hope of fuc- 
cours 5 and contratTting Leagues with fuch Cities as were 
not vnder their owne command. The * Lacedemonians ^t- 
fides thofe Gallies which they had in Itah and Sicily, of 
the Cities that tooke part with them there, were or- 
dered to furnlfh, proportionably to the greatneile of their 
feuerall Cities,ib many more, as the whole number might 
amount to 500 Sayle, and to prouide a Summe of money 

E affelied, and in other things not to ftirre farther, but to 
receiue the Athenians, comming but with one Gaily at 


The rfcfijwt goe off; and 
''"•"FijrrfxqwcichiB their 
nicnandgoodj, andk.U 
their piiloactJ, 

'X]ncMsniani lay hands 
onluoh Hxutiani » were 
in Silica, 

They vifluall Plat<ea, and 
put a Garriloniiitoi^ 
and cake out (heir vn 
ncccfliiy ^)«opk. 


lidcs for the Warre, 

' o/Pctfia, 

♦rt* Lacedemonian 
Leagkt, or Lacedemonian 
paccy, noc parcic'ulacly 
that Slate. 


Prophecies and Grades 
preceding the Wane, 
• Ao><a Frcphecici la I'rofc 
'vtJiv, Surg. Ftrihofe Prt- 
plxctet wbkb the OrMlet dt- 
Uurred by their Vrielh, vecrc 
m-Jfrfe, and were 7:01 lilkd 
Ao^a, but '^h^cil. 

Gu«fl/»s to v.atd' the 
combauDt Swtcs. 

The Confederates of the 

The Hi/lory of Tnv c^did e s. Lib. 2. j 

once, rill luch dine as the lame lliould be ready. The A- A i 
ihemans on the other fide, furuayed their prefenr Confede- j 
races, and lent AmbaiVadours to thole places that iiy a- j 
bout Pdoponne('M, as Core^ra, Cephalonia, Acarr.aria, and Za- \ 
cyrithtif, knowing that as long as thefe were their friends, j 
they might with the more fecurity make Warre round a- ' 
bout vpon the Coall of Peloponnelc^ . i 

Neither lide conceiued Irnail matters, but put their 
whole ilrength to the VVarrc. And not without rcafon. 
For a^i men in the beginnings of enterprijes, are the mofi eager- 
Belides, there were then in Peloponne(m many youngmen, B 
andmany in. /'^!f/;c'»f, who for want of experience, not vn- 
willingly vndertooke the Warre. And not onely the rell 
of Greece Hood at gaze, to behold the two principal I 
States in Combate, but many * Prophecies were told, and 
many * fung by the Priells of the Oracles, both in the 
Cities about to warre, and in others. 

There was alfo a little before this, an Earthquake in 
Delos^ which in the memory of the Gr w^«i, neuer (liooke 
before ; and was interpreted for, and feemed to bee a ligne 
of what was to come afterwards to pafl'e. And whatlb- C 
euer thing then chanced of the lame nature, it was all fure 
to bee enquired after. But mens affe(5i:ions for the moll 
part went with th^ Lacedemonians ; and the rather, for that 
they gaucout, they would recouer the Grecimts hberty. 
And euery man, both priuate and publike perlbn, ende- 
uoured as much as in them lay, both in word and decd^ to 
alsill them 5 and thought the bufinefle fo much hindred, as 
himfelf was not prefentatit.Infuchpafsio were mofl men 
againfl: the Athenians -, fomc for dcfire tobedeliuered from 
vndcr their gouernment,and others for feare of falling into D 
it And thefe were the preparations and afFc(3:ions brought 
vnto the Warre. 

But the Confederates of either party, which they had 
when they began it, were thefe ; The Lacedaemonians had 
all Teloponnefw within the Illhmus, except the Jrgiues and 
^ch^ans : (for thele were in amity with both,faue that the 
Pcllenians at firlt, onely of all ^ichaia, tooke their part ; but 
aftcrwardsall the rell did Iblikewife) and without (PWo- 
ponnejw, the Megareans, Locrians, Boeotians, Phocaans,Aml>}'a- 
ciotes,Leucadians,3ind^na6lorians. Of which the Corinthi- E 
ansy cMegareanSy Sic^onians^ 'Telleniansj Elenns, ^mhraciotes^ 


Lib.z^ The HiJlorjofT h \a t if i>i d^ ti: 

A and Leucadinm iouixd. Shipping. Th^ EototiimSyH'Oc^ans.znd 
Locrians^VLoikmtn -, and 'riic rclt of the Ociesjs Footmen . 
And thefe were the Confederates of the L^ttgd'amonians. 
The ^f/;m/rt» Cbnfederateswere thefc : - The Ciffms, Lef- 
biam, Platnansythc jMepttians in Nkupa^w, moi\ of the 
^carnanians-, the (^orcyr^eans; Zac^yntbians, and other Cities 
their Tributaries amongfl thofe Nations. Alf© that part 
of (^aria vvhich'is on th©^ Coatf , and the Dorians adioy- 
ning to them, Ionia, H e He (}>ont, the Qkks bordering on 
Thrace, all the Hands fromfPeiobofme/tif to Crete oii the liaftj 

B and all the retl of the'c>/rt.'/u-:f, except M^'/aj' and 77j-m. 
OF thefe the Chtans, LeslfhnI\Sind Q6reyr^am found Gallie^^ 
the reft Footmen and morre^: Thefe were their Confjde- 
iMtes and the preparation for the Warrie on both fides. 

The Laadcumonians ^ after the bufinefle of 'Plat<ea, fent 
AleiTengers preiently vp and downe felopomeftit, and to 
their Confederates without, to haue in readineilc their 
Forces, and fuch things as fhould bee necedary for a For- 
raigne expedition, as intending theinuafionof /fmV^. And 
when they were all ready,- they came to the Rendez- 

Q uous in the I/ibmis, at a d^ly appointed, two thirds of the 
Forces of eueryCitie. When the whole Army was got- 
ten together, Archidamm, King of the Laceddmonians ,Qtnt- 
rall of the Expedition, called together the Commanders 
ofthefcuerall Cities, and fuch as were in authority, and 
moll worthy to bfce prefentj and ibake vnto them as fol- 
loweth. ■.•v.^T.\ir.---\M ■•-, .itwh\^i»i'a'r W ni^o\\:>-.«K •.«'• 



uc ■c\A'\.. /iO o; 

MEn of Peloponnefus, and Qnfiderates, not onely our 
Fathers haue had many Warres; both ypithin and ypithout 
VcloponnQ^us^bittTip^eourfeluesalfo, fuch dJ ars any 
thing inyeeres, haue beene fttffciently acquainted therewith j yet 
didToee nemr before fet forth mih fo great a preparation at at this 
pre fent. And noii>^ not onely yi>ee are a numerout andpuiffant Ar- 
mi; that inuade^ but the State alfo upuiffant,that ii inuddedby ys . 
Wee haul reafon therefore to /hexp otirfelues,neitheir worfs then our 
Fathers, nor fhort of the opinion concelued of our fdues. For aB 
E Greece, u yp at thu Qommotion, obferuing n>5 - and through 
their hatred to r/;^ Athenians, doe -vifh that -^e may accompUffi 

, ."SsbAtloeuer 

The Confc(i«ratciof ilu 

The Luedemoniani k .-, 
rnccte in the l[ih»iiu^ 

The Oration of Arch'uk- 
OTKsin theCounceUof 
the League, 

J .iivS ^'{'.ii. 



TD I D E S. 




MrchiJdmu4 fitficli before 
him an Ambafl'idour to 
the Atbnitm, 

me«nci«o right hit 
Country, bciore W«rre. 

yphatjceuer >/tf intend. And therefore though wcc jeeme to in- A 
yade them with a great ^rmji and to haue much ajjurance, thdt 
they will not come out againfi ts, to katteB,yet wee ought not for 
this, to march the lejje carefully prepared, but ojeuery City, as well 
the Captaine^OJ the Souldieryto expe6i alwayesfome danger or o- 
ther, in that part wherein bee himfelfe u placed. For the accidents 
of Warre are ^ncertaine ^ and for the moft part the Onfet begins 
from the lejfer number, and a^ponpapon. jind oftentimes the lej- 
(er number, being afraid, hath beaten backs the greater with the 
more eafej^r that through contempt they haue gone unprepared. 
And in the Landof onEnemie, though the Souldiers oughialwaks B 
to haue bold hearts, yet for a^iony they ought to make their 
preparations^ cu if they were afraid. For that yiPiH giue them 
both more courage togoe ypon the enemy, and more fafety in fight- 
ing -^cith him. But wee invade not now a Citie that cannot defend 
itfelfe^ but a C^ty euery way T»ell appointed. So that wee muji by 
ai meanes expe5i to be fought ts>itbail,thougb not now,becaufe T»e be 
not yet there, yet hereafter, when theyjhaUjee Ds in theirCountrey, 
wafling and deflroying their pofjefions : For all men, when in tbnr 
orone fight, and on ajudden, they receiue any extraordinary hurt, 
faQ prefently into choler ; and the lej^e they confder, with the more Q 
ftomach they affault. And thu is likely to bold in the Athenians 
fomewhat more then in others ;for they thinke themjelues worthy to 
haue the command of others, and to inuade and wafle the territory 
of their neighbours, rather then to (ee their neighbours yoafle theirs. 
Wherefore, (U being to Warre againfi a great Qtie, and to procure, 
both to your Ancefiottrs and your jelues, a great fame, eythergood 
or bad, Oj/haUbee the event ; foQowy our Leaders infucb fort, cu 
aboue allthingsyou efleeme of order and -^atchfulneffe. For there 
if nothing in the world more comely, nor more fafe, then when many 
men arefeene to obferue one and the fame order. D 

Arcbidamiu hauing thus fpokcn, and difmlfled the Coun- 
cell, firll fent Melefppiu, the Sonne of Diacritm, a man 
o'i Sparta, to Athens ^tQ try iHhQ Athenians, feeing them now 
on their iourney, would yet in fome degree remit of their 
obftinacy. But the Athenians neither receiued him into 
their Otic, nor prcfented him to the State : for the opinion 
o^ Pericles had already taken place, not to receiue from the 
Lacedxmonians neither Herald nor Ambafladour, as long 
as their Armie was abroad. Therefore they fent him E 
backe without audience, with commandment to be out of 



Lio.i. The htjiory 0/ T nv CYD \D E s. 

A their bord.TS the fd fv! -rime day; and chathereiifcerirchey 
would any thing with them , they Hiould recurne e- 
Ufryone to his horns, and lend their Ambatiadours from 
thence. They Tenc with him al/o certain? perions, to con- 
uoyhimout of the Couucrcy, to the end that no man 
fliould'conferre with him : who when hee came to the 
hmits, and was to bee difmiiled, vttered thcfe words : Tbu 
dAy u the b.^^inmng of much euill Dnto the Grecians : and fo de- 

When hce returned to the Campe, ^Anhidamfn percei- 

B uing that they would not relent, di/lodged, and marched 
on with his Armie into their Territory. The Baotians 
with their appointed part, and with Horfemen, aydcd the 
^chponml'uws ; but wkh the reft of their Forces, went and 
waded the Tcrritoric ofplatMia. 

Whileil the ^:hi)onncfhms were comming together in 
the //<'/;wf«, and when they were on their March, before 
they brake into Attica, Pericles the fonne of Xnntippvs, (who 
with nine others was Generall of the y<f/?e«M«j) when he 
faw they were about co breakein, fufpedting that Archida- 

C muty either ofpriuate courtelie, or by command of the /-4- 
c^d^monians , to bring him into iealoufie (as they had before 
for his lake commanded the excommunication) might of- 
tentimes leaue his Lands vntouched, told the ^'ithenians 
before-hand in an Aflembly, That though Archidamus h,id 
leenc hu gmft, it yras for no ill to the State, andbowfoeiter, if thi 
Enemie did not ^aflehii Lands and Houjes, as well (is the refl^ 
that thin heegaue them to the Comrrton wealth. And therefore 
dd]i-cd That for this hee might not heeftifpe^ed. Alfo hee ad- 
uiled them concerning the bufinelle in hand, the fariie 
D things hee had done before, 71?at theyJJ?ould7jmke preparation 
for the WarrCj andreceine their ^ods into the City ; that they/hould 
ytot ^oe out to Battell, but come into the City, andguard it. Tint they 
jhould ai/ofurnijh out their I^aiiy, tirherein conjijhd their power j and 
hold a carcfidlhand oucr tlmr Confederates^ telling them, how 
that in the money that came from thefc, lay their flrength^ and that 
the Vt^oryin Warre confijledt^holly in Counfell, and [lore of money. 
Further y hee bade them bee confident, /';; that there tuAsyecrcly 
conming in to the State, from the Confederates, for Tribute, be fides 
other rcuenue* 600. Talents, andremamingyct then in the CitadeH 

E * 6000. Talents offduer coine. (for the greateil fummethere 

had beene, was * 10000. Talents, wanting 50a. out of 

N which 


TIic AmbafljHiurs frorc 
W-Wi/Aw. convoyed 

Arch'tdtmiu matcbeth for- 

PttkUs itnagiriing Afchi- 
W3,w«« might Ipare his 
groiinis,promifcth, if he 
did,togiuc thcmcoihe 

The fpccchofPff ;,/«:& 

the ftlTtirbly at /*;/«(, 
t-uchmg ihe meanei of 
the WarrCj Sec, 

Thi f reafure of t?n; peo^ 

• <^oo. tulenls, (four winej 
abtut i\i<; CO- paimdi. 
« <;ooo rf'-crti,c{eur aeftej 
f.bmt I'.t^t'oo, fiiUNdi. 

• 9700. T.:/fn.';, 18 187 JO. 


TheHiJloryof TnvcY DIVES, Lib.z, 



comi to ^ooo.pMi' 

The length of th: walks 
vhichrhc Watchmen 
were appointed. 

Their Gallics* . 

The /*'''«'''«' fetch in 
dren and lubftancc into 

which was taken chat which had beeiie expended vpoii A 
chcGate-houfesofthe Cittadell, and vpon other buil- 
dings, and for the charges of (Por/^^j. 3 'Beftdesthe rvncoyned 
<rold and fiker efpriuate a7id publike Offerings ; and all the dedicated 
Fefftlsyhcknging to the Shewes and Games ^and the (poiles of the Per- 
fian, and other things of that nature ^ivhich amounted to nolejfe then 
* 500. Talents. Hee added Further, that much money might bee 
had out of other Temples without the Qitie^ which they might vfe . 
And if they Tt?ere barred the njfe of all thefcj they might yet yfe the 
ornammts of gold about the *GoddeJfe herfelfe.^ and/ aid, that the I- 
mage had about it, the yi^eight of * 40. Talents ofmoji pure Goldjdnd B 
"ftjhich might all bee taken ojf.^ but hauing made y/e of it for their 
fafety yhcc iYid, they were to make refiitution of the like quantity 
againe. Thus hee encouraged them, touching matter of 
money . M'« ofArmes he faid they had i ^ 000. be/ides the 1 6000. 
that were employed for the guard of the Citie^ and rapon the WalUs^ 
(for ib many at the firlt kept watch at the comming in of 
theEnemy, young and old together, and Strangers that 
dwelt amongft them, as many as could beare Arraes.3For 
the length of the^k/^mn Wall, to that part of the cir- 
cumference of the Wall of the City where it ioyned, was C 
5 5 . Furlongs ; and that part of the circumference which 
wasguarded (for Ibmeofit was not kept with a Watch, 
namely the part bctweene the Lo«^ Walks and the Thalcri- 
an) was 45 . Furlongs : and the length of the Long-Walks 
dovvne to (P<>^«5, (of which there was a Watch onely on 
the outmoll) was 40 . Furlongs : and the whole compatle 
of ^irxMy together with Munychia, was 60. Furlongs, 
(whereof that part that waswatched,wasbuthalfe.) He 
faid further, they had ofHorfemen^ accounting ^Archers on horfe- 
backe^ 1 200, and 1600- Archers, and ofCalliesft for the Sea^ E) 
500. All this andnolefle had the Athenians, when the in- 
valionofthe Peloponnefians was firft in hand, and when 
the warrc beganne. Thele and other words fpake Pericles, 
as hee vkd to doe, for demon llration, that they were 
Hkely to outlaft this Warre. 

When the Athenians held heard him, they approued of 
his words, and fetcht into the Citic their VViues and Chil- 
dren, and the furniture oftheirhoules, pulling downe the 
very Timber of the houfes them lelues. Their fheepeand 
Oxen they fent ouer into Euboca, ^nd into the Hands ouer E 
againllthem. Neuertheleflc this remouall, in refpeft 


Lib.i. '71)0 htjlorjo/ T iiy CYDiDE s. 


A tlicy had moil of them beene accuilomed to the Coimcrey 
life, grieued them very much. 

This cullome was from great anticjuicy, more familiar 
with the y^thenians, then any other of the rell of Greece, tor 
in the time o'iCecrops^ and the firfl: Kings,downe to T})efeii.s, 
the Inhabitants o^ Attica had thcirfeiierall *Bourghes,and 
therein their **^Common-Halles,and their Goucrnoursjand, 
vnlelle they were in feare of ^omz danger, went not toge- 
ther to the King for aduice, but cuery City adminiilred 
their owne afiaires, and dehbcrated by themfelues. And 

B Ibmeof them had alfb their particular Warres, as the E- 
kufmians^ who ioyncd with Eumol^mz^imii * Hrcflheits. But 
after Thefenscime to the Kingdome, one who befides his 
wildome, wasalfoaman of very great power; hee not 
onely fet good order in the Countrey in other refpcdts, but 
alfodillblued the CouncelsandMagidraciesofthereil of 
the Townes ; and afsigning them all one Hall, and one 
Councell-houfe, brought them all to cohabite in the Citie 
that now is ; and conllrained them, enioying their owne 
as before, to * vfe this one for their Citie, which (now, | 

C when they all paide their duties co itj grew great, and was ' 
by ihefet^ fo deliuered to pofterity. And from that time 
to this day, the Athenians keepe a holiday at the pubhque 
charge to the ^ Goddeffe, and call it * Syn^cia. That which 
is now the Cittadell, and the part which is to the South 
oftheCittadell,was before this time the Citie. An argu- 
ment whereof is this. That the Temples of the Gods are 
all fet either in the Cittadell it Iclfe 5 or, if without, yet in 
that quarter. As, that of lupiter Olympiu^, and of /polio l^y^ 
thius, and of Vellui, and o£ Bacchus la Lymn^j (in honour of 

D whom, the old ^ Bacchanals were celebrated on the twelfth 
dayofthemonethof*^nt/jf/?erio«, according as the Idni- 
ans, who are deriued from Athens, doe flill obferue them) 
befides other ancient Temples fcituate in the fame part. 
Moreouer, they ferued themfelues with water for the beil 
vfes, of the Fountaine, which, now the Nmepipes, built 
fo by the Tyrants, was formerly, when the Springs were 
open, called Calliroe, and was neere. And from the old 
cullome, before Marriages, and other holy Rites, they 
ordaine the vfe of the lame water to this day. And the 

E Cittadell, from the ancient habitation of it, is alfo by the 
^t/?eni4«f Hill called the Citie. .. , , 

JSr z The 

The .^(hcn'-im nbfiiuo- 
iii':d tut no liucin the 

syf TBI n». CttHtJ-Hales, 
pla es Tvheic ihuf. r;u( admi- 
iflhcd the Sutc d'^ mceie: 
were ulfofuitre, for i-nmun 
caufeandjcruice,ive>cii Uv- 
edd\ei, and w''frf'» Vtfia 
vpdi teoi-jhipptd, and a tr^hl 
(oiiliHuuUy but tied; jn V a. 
fume thence dtnr.t the n.i ■■ e, 

iropof Tajt/.MC. 

" ti!t)gni Ihf K\\\iu\^r\^. 

Tkfex; fitft broutUit the 

inhabitants (it .-Itiica to 

make Mhem their caiuuU 


♦ .Vo( that they mull nicdes 
dmcUiii!, hut maiden the 
jeate of'thi goiiernn:ent, a/ii 
pay their dutia la n. Thu 
caitftd the C, tic tagiow l/oth 
I fopuluni and foltni, bicsiii.' 
' naivtherv!joh S'aih^znitca 
' into one Lit:', mjdc vfc ol 
the Sen^vp'^ich dciiiutdihij 
'. 'Mineiua. 

* TJjtre were in AtJiens 3 

Bacchanals; whjeof iij' 
I 0/ Bacchus iwLiiru^'ijj 
' it, in the AUf^a] wns pri/:- 

ciptll 5 ari'ithtr vf-te the Ru- 
,, rail Bacchanals, and the 
' third tbc City iidccn^naW. 
, ♦ Tbit MaieihfcU about out 
I lan[iziy,andtviiitbefecoMi: 

ftbcir muter q'tarttr. 

I 91 

The All-efie'-i rernoue I 
out ol the Bo' ough 


^I'.'fHS thronged with 
the comiaing u ot the 

en fkfpaiy to bi 
Itnvciiic A Daty^and a Mo\ 
tM, or flicli tu txata ibt 
of)f.enbi manydegcci 
m ilagKonivity. 
' blcuHnium, d Tetuplt 
in A', hens, vjcd m:h 

^ Vdt:(^\eum,ap!/!cei'ythc 
C:tiaM,Tvhere the Pelal- 
gians met fall fied thtm- 
fettti ai.ihtfl the \t.hc- 

t W^-J ilirf J CUifc V^H 

th: habiiaiita efit. 


An old Prophecy sgainfl 

dwelling in the PiLylicii, 

The^thf^im make rea- 
dy loo.Gjiijcstofend 
about Pttoiomiefm. 

The Tilopmncfwn Armic 
affiuk Omw. a frontier 
Towne <ji AtlKt-iia vain. 

The Hifiory of TnvcY DIVES, 

The Athenians therefore had iiueda long time.gouerned A 
by Lawes oF their owne in the Countrey Townes ; and 
.U'tcr tliej- were brought into one, were neuertheleire( both 
ibr the cullome which moil had, as well of the ancient 
time, as fince, till the Perfmn Warrc, to liue in the Coun- 
trey with their whole famihes ; and alfo efpecially, for 
that fince the ^erfian VVarre, they had already repayrcd 
their Houfcs and furniturcj vnwiUing to remoue. It pref- 
fed them likewife, and was heauily taken, bcfides their 
Houfcs, to leaue the * things that pertained to their Re- 
ligion, ("which, fincc their old forme of gouernment,were g 
become patriall,)and to change their manner of hfe, and 
to bee no better then baniflied euery man his Citie. After 
they came into ^th^ns, there was habitation for a few,and 
place of retire, with fome friends or kindred. But the 
grcateft: part feated themfelues in the empty places of the 
City, and in Temples, and in all the Chappells of the 
^ Heroes, (fauing in luch as were in the Cittadell, and the 
c Eleuhimi, and other places ilrongly Ihut vp.) The d Pe- 
/^'^/Vr/iM alfo, vnder the Cittadell, though it were a thing 
accurfed to dwell in it, and forbidden by the end of averfe q 

in a Pythian Oracle, in thefc words, Befl if the 'Tela[^i- 

con empty ^ was ncuerthelcile for the prcfent neccfsity in- 
habited. And in my opinion, this Prophccie now fell out 
contrary to what was lookt for. For the vnlawfuU dwel- 
ling there, caufed not thexalamities that befell the Citic, 
but the Warre caufed the necefsity of dwelling there : 
which Warre the Oracle not naming, foretold onely, that 
it fhould one day bee inhabited vnfortunately . Many al- 
fo furnifhed the Tui^rets of the Walles, and whatfoeuer 
othcrplacethey could any of them get. For when they D 
were come in, the Citie had not place for them all .• But 
afterwards they had the Long-lVades diuided amongft 
them, and inhabited there, and in mdl parts of 'Pir^v. 
Withall they applyed themfelues to the bufinefle of' the 
Warre, Icuyjng their Confederates, and making ready a 
hundred Gallies to fend about ^doponnefm. Thus >verc 
the ^;i[7mrt«j preparing. ; .- . _ a'l. 

The Armie of the Tehponneftans marching forward, 
came firdto O^noeyZ^ovfnto'i Attica] the place where 
they intended to brcake in ; and <mcamping before it;, pre- E 
pared with Engines, and by other meancs, to allauk the 


Lib.z. IheHiJloryofTnyc^DiY^ES, 

A Wall. For o^«o^ lying on the Confines hztwziiiz'^ttica 
and Bxotia, was walJod about, and the AthenUns kept a 
Garrifon in it for defence of the Countrey, when at any 
time there fhould bee VVarre. For whicii caufe they made 
preparation for the ailault of it, and alfo fpenc much time 
about it othervvife. 

And Archidamui for this was not a httlc taxed, as thought 
to h.-iue bin both How in gathering together the forces for 
the VVarre, and alfo tohaue fauoured t\\Q Athenian ^m that 
he encouraged not the Army to a forwardnefle in it. And 

B afterwards likcwile, his Ray in the Ifllmm, and his flow- 
n;ile in the whole iourncy, was laid to his charge, but e- 
fpecially his dela)' at Oenoe. For in this time the Athenians 
retired into the Citie : whereas k was thoughc,that the pg^ 
loponcli.ins marching fpeedily, might but for his delay, haue 
taken them all without. 80 palsionate was the Armie of 
ArchidamwJtQ^ his (lay before Qcnoe.^ut expecfting that the 
^.'k«/4W5,whileft their Territory was yet vnhurt, would 
relent, and not endure to fee it wailed,for that caufe [Zi it is 
reported) hee held his hand. But after, when they had af- 

Q faulted Oenoe, and trycd all meanes, but could not take it, 
and ktln^thQ Athentans knt no Herald to them, then at 
length arifing from thence, about 80. dayes; after that 
which happened to the Thebans that entrcd Platcta, the 
Summer, and Come being now at the higheft, they fell 
Into ^Attica; \tAhy ^irchidamm^tht Ibnne o^ Zcuxidamui, 
Kmg of the Laced^moniami And vyhen they had pitched; 
their Campe, they fell to wafting of the Countrey, firft; 
about Eleujis, and then in the plaine of Thriafta -, and put to^ 
flight a few \Jthcnian}, at the Brookes called' 

D Kheiti. After this, leauingthe ^^akon on the right hand^ 
they palled through Caropia, till they came vnto Afh.irndf, 
which is the greateR; tONvne in all ^tuca^ of thofq that are 
called * i)6-^is)i;i / and pitching ther?, ; both foftified their 
Campe, and iiaid a gre^^vvhiie wafting the Coiuntrfiy 


A.chid.tinm taxed of back- 
wo-rdnedc, .Tniu.iiout co 
ihc JtboitMi. 



^rchidamm ,vV3s faiditohau^ftaidfo longtlaf-^^^fmai'. 
vvithhisArmieinBattell.i^rray, and not toh^Ue comei 
downeall the timeof hisiinvafion, into the Champaigrib,; 
with this intention ; Hee hoped that . the Athenimy. jflotH 
EriGXinginnumber.'of yoiHig^mcn,ajld:h?tter fur^ifhed for! 
Warre, then euer. they were before,; w0uld peillwps ihaud 


Arcbiddmui wirfj hi» Ar» 
my cnircth into Auus, 

And comes to, 
I and flayes there long, 
cucting downc tlieu 
* Bitrrpugha. 

Km iii'ftay^ lo..iong 4t 



The Hi/lory of linv c^D IDES. Lib. 2. 

containe themicluct 

from going out to 

come torch againlt him, and not endured to lee their fields A 
cut downe and walled ; and therefore feeing they met him 
not in Thrialia, hee thought good to try if they would 
come out againfl him lying now at ^charvas, Belides, the 
place feemed vntohim commodious for the Army to lye 
in; and it was thought alfo thzt the ^cbarnans beeing a 
great piece of the Citie (for they were ?ooo. men of 
Armes) would not haue fuffercd the fpoiling of their 
Lands, but rather hauevrgcd all the red to goe out and 
fight. And if they came not out againll; him at this inua- 
fion, they might hereafter more boldly, both wailc the B 
Champaigne Countrey , and come downe euen ro the 
Walles of the Citie. For the Acbarnans, after they fliould 
haue loll their owne, would not bee fo forward to hazard 
themfelues for the goods of other men : But there would 
bee thoughts of Sedition in one towards another in the 
Citie. Thefc were the cogitations of /^rr/^/^/^/wjw, while! I he 
hyzt Acharnas. 

The Athenians, as long as the Armieof the Enemie lay 
about Eleufis, and the Fields of Thriiu, and as long as they 
had any hope it would come on no further, (remembring Q 
that ziibPliftoanax the fonne ofTaufmiuj, King of Laced£~ 
won, when 14. yeeres before this Warre, hee entred Attica 
with an Armie of the T^loponnefians, as farre as Ehufis, and 
Thriafiay retired igSLinc, and came no further ; for which 
hee was alfo banifhed Sparta, as thought to haue gone 
backc for money) they flirred not. But when they faw 
theA.vmynowa.c AcharncUj but 60. Furlongs from the 
Citie, then they thought it no longer to bee endured ; and 
When their Fields were wafted (as it was likely) in their 
fight, (which the yonger Ibrt had neuer feenc before, nor D 
the elder, but in the Perfian Warre) it was taken for i hor- 
rible matter; and thought fit, by all, efpecially by the 
youth, to goe out, and not to endure it any longer. And 
holding Councels apart one from another, they were at 
much contention, Ibme to make a fally , and fome to hinder 
it. And the Priefts of the Oracles, giuin^ out Prophe- 
cies of all kitrdes, cuery one made the interpretation accor- 
ding to thi-fway of his owne affedlion. But the J-harM^s 
i conceiuing themfelues to bee no fmall part of the Athenians, 
[ were fhey that whikft their owne Lands were wafting, E 
jtnollofdtvfgcdtheirgoingout. Infoinuch as thc^Cicie 
hii- was 


The tiijlory ofT hvcydides. 


A vvascuery way in tumulc, and in cholcr againft Pericles^ 
remembring nothing of vvliathee had formerly adinoni- 
fhcdthcm ; but rcuiled him,for that being their Gcnerall , 
heerefuledto leade thcai into the Field, and imputing vn- 
to him the caufe of all their euill ; but Pericbs feeing them 
inpafsion for their prefent lollc, and ill aduifed, and being 
confident hec was in the right touching not fallying, af- 
fembled them not, nor called any Councell, for feare lell 
being together, they might vpon palsion rather then 
iudgement commit lome error : But looked to the guar- 

B ding of the Citie, and as much as hee could, to keepe it in 
quiet. Neucrtheleile he continually lent out Horle-men, 
to keepe the Scowts of the Armie from entring vpon, 
and doing hurt to the Fields nccre the Citie. And there 
happened at Pbrygi] a fmall Skirmifh, between one troope 
of Horfe of the Athenians (with whom were alfo the j-btf- 
fauans) and the Horfemen of the Boeotians ; wherein the A- 
tbenians and ThelTalians had not the worfe, till fuch time as 
the Baotians were ayded by thecomminginof theirmen of 
Armes, and then they were put to flight, and a few of 

(3 the Athenians and Thefjalians mine ; whofc bodies not with 
Handing they fetch: off the fame day, without ieaue of 
the Hnemie : and the Pehponnefims the next day erected a 
Trophie. This ayde of the Theffalians was vpon an anci- 
ent League with the Athenians, and confifted of LariJi^anS:, 
Pharjalianf, Parafms, CranQnians, Peirajians, Gyrtonians, Phe- 
raans. The Leaders of the Lariffceans, were n^olymedes and 
^rijioniu, men of contrary factions in their Citie. Of the 
PharfaliansyJ^lcnO' And of the reft, out of the feucrall 
Cities, feu^rall Commanders. 

D The TJoponnefiam feeing the Athenians would not come 
out to fight, diflodging from ^<r/;^r«^/, walled certaine 
other Villages, bet weene theHils Pamethm.iLnd Brelijjm. 
Whileil thefe were in Attica, the Afbeniars fent the hun- 
dred Gallies which they had prouided, and in them i ooo . 
men of Armes, and 400. Archers, about felofonnejw j the 
Commanders whereof were Charciniu, the ibnne o^ Xcnoti- 
. tm>j '^ Troteu^ the fount o^ EDicles i and Socrates, the fonne 
o^ Antio;enes : whothus furniflied, weighed Anchor, and 
went their way. - 

E The Pi'hpomefians, when they had ftayd in Attica^slong 
as their prouifion laded, went home through Bccotia, not 


A SI<irrai(libctweene 
the Ai'-<n>in and tmiun 

Arch'thmoi remoues from 

The Alhemmi fend loo. 
GiiHies to infcft the Sea- 

The Vt'oponnefim goe 


The AthtBunt fct by i ceo 
Talents »nd tco.Oal- 
jicsjfof defence .ig.-.iHft 
anjnujfionbjf Sea. 

TIie^jfcDMWi^ault Me- 

trefidm defendtik >W 

TTiejr tako Vhc'.S, a Towrr 

The Hi/lory r?/' T h v c y d i d it 5. Lib. 4. 

che way cht-y came in ; but palsing by Oropw, Walled the A 
Counrrcy (called ^eirmce which is of the tillage of tlie 
Oropians, Subiec^ts to the 'P.-o/;/^ of Aihens ; and when they 
were come backe into Tclopounc/uf, they disbanded, and 
went cuery man to hisowne Citie. 

When they were gone, zhs Athenians ordained Watches 
both by Sea and Land, fuch as were to Continue to the end 
of the Warre. And made a Decree, to take out a thoufand 
Talents of the money in the Cittadeii, and fet it by, fo as 
it might not bee fpent, but the charges of the Warre bee 
borne out of other monies 5 and made it capitall for any B 
man to mouc, or giue his vote for the ftirring of this mo- 
ney, for any other vfe, but onely (if the Enemie fliould 
come with an Armie by Sea toinuade the Citiej for ne- 
cefsity of that defence. Together with this money, they 
likewife fet apart i oo. Gallies,and thofe to be euery yeere 
the bell 5 and Captaines to be appointed ouer them,which 
were to bee employed for no other vfe then the money 
was, and for the fame danger, if need fliould require. 

The^'r/'^«M»jthat were with the 100. Gallies about 
'Telopomeftu, and with them the Co^cyraam with the ayde Q 
of 50. Sayle more, and certaineothersof the Confederates 
thereabout, amongil other places which they infefled in 
their courle, landed at Methonc, a Townc of Lacoma, and 
aflaulted it, as being but weake, and few men within. But 
it chanced that Drafidas, the fonne of TclOf, a Spartan, had a 
Garrifon in thofe parts, and hearing of it, fuccoured thofe 
of the Towne with 100. men of Amies : wherewith run- 
ning through the y4^/;^«/^« Army, difperfed in the Fields^ 
directly towards the Towne, hee put himfelfc into yUe- 
thone ; and with the loffe of few of his men in the pailage, D 
hee faued the place, and for this aduenture, was the firll 
that waspraifedat6'/)^r/<t, in this Warre. The ^Athenians 
putting ofT from thence, failed along the Coafl:, and put 
in at Pheia, o^Elu, where they fpenc two dayes in wading 
theCountrey, and in a Skirmifli ouerthrew joo. choice 
men ofthe lower £//>, together with other Eleans there- 
abouts, that came forth to defend it. But the Wind ari- 
fing,and their Gallies being toiled by the weather, in a 
harbourleile place, the moll of them imbarquedj and fay- 
led about the Promontory called Icthys, into the Hauai E 
of Phsi^r. But the Mejjenms and certaine others that could 



The htjlorj o/TnvcYDiDES. 


A nor get aboard, went by Land to the Towne of phiin-^ and 
rifled It: and when they had done, the Gallics that now 
were com e abou c tooke them in, and leaning Pht:ia> put 
forth to Sci againe .- by which time a great Army of E- 
kans was come to fuccour k ; but the ^y-Uhj-^i/Mswcn: now 
gone away,and walling Ibme other Territory. 

About the fame tmie the Athcnims lent likewife thirty 
Gallies about * Locris. which were to feruc alio for a 
Watch about Euboa. OH\\tk/)eopompmth<i(o\mz olcih 
nils had the condud:, and landing his Souldiers in diuers 

B parts boih walled lome places of the Sea-coait, and won 
the Tovvno of rhromum, of which hee tooke Homages ; 
and ouercame in fight at Alopc, the Locrians that came out 
to a) de it. 

The fame Summer, the Athenians put the yEginet^^mzn, 
woman, and childe, out o'c^/mct, laying to their charge, 
that they were theprincipall caule of tlie prelent Warre. 
And it was alfo thought the fafer courfe to hold ^.ynj.bc- 
ing adjacent to pelopom-teiai, with a Colonic of their own 
people ; and not long after they lent Inhabitants into the 

C lame. When the jEgmeu were thus banilhed, the Lncc- 
d^cmonums gauc them Thyrxa to dwell in,and the occupation 
of the Lands belonging vnto it, to liueon i both vpon ha- 
tred to the Athenians, and for the benefits 'f^ceiued at the 
hands of the j£yneu, in the time'of.the Earthquake, and 
infurrecftion of their Hdous. . This iTerritory of fhp-^a, 
is in the border betweene ,yirgolica and Lacomca. and reach- 
eth to the Sea fide. So ibme of them were placed tliere, 
and the red; dilperfed into other parts of Gr'secc. 

Alfo the fame Summer, * on the firlt diy of the Mo- 

D neth, according to the Moone, (^at which time it feemes 
on.^ly pofsible) in the afternoone, happened an Eciipfc of 
the Sunne ; the which after it had appeared in the forme 
of a crefcent, and withall fomeStarres had been difc^rned^ 
came afterwards againe to the former 'brightneire. 

The fame Summer alfo the Athenians made Nymphodorw 
the fonne of P^vthos, of the Citie of Abdem, (whole Sifter 
was married to Sitalces, and that was of great power with 
him) their * Hoft, though before they tooke him for an 
Encmie, and lent for him to Atbsns, hoping by his meanes 

E to bring Sitalces the fonne of Teres, King of Tbrnce, into 
their League. This T^r^ij the Father of -iVf^/ct^j, was the 

O firil 

* That Locris n'lw/f r I UFe 
Ihi Locri Ozolx dvfdit 

The inhabitants of I£.gj~ 
m rciuoued by the AtHe- 

And recciued bj the Pctf- 

Ecdlpfc of the Satinc 
I andScai'ies cifccrned* 

\ fiiji diy of the rromlh, a'ccor- 
, dwg to the M'i>'!^, lit difi'tn- 
: amofti'-eMomh CiwU-.fpr 
though iheirjicti rvar litn.Tr, 
yet W3i it mt fii exaU,(i> ibu 
th: Mceve chat/^M on 

The /itiieniam feekc the 
fauour otSyialccs, King 
I'hrace, and I'r'dicc.i.', 
Kir.g oiMaccd'Ma^ 

* Thai «, the man at t»hofi 
^ortfc, ulA lywiumi any pub- 
I i^e perfor, to be eritrtai- 
Mit.^.iiamtlrom Athens 
It Abdcra. 


The Hijiory of TnycYT>iDES, Lib.i. 

j»rf Prociie in Ouids 

'Kjng of hUccdon, 

S.--d(icunhc Sonne of Si- 

mncc 3 Citi7cn of Athens. 
' Ike ii'ar i aboMt Pocidja. 

The Aihtnitots take Sti'ium 

The Aiht»uins inua Je >f ^ 

fird that aduanccd the Kingdome of the Odryfians^ abouc A 
he power of the reft of r/;Mf^. For much, oi Thrace con- 
lifteth of free States; And * Terew thit tooke to wife 
^'out Q^ Athens) Procnc the Daughter of Pandion, was no 
kinne to this Teres, nor of the fame part of Thrace. But 
chat r^raw was of the .Citieof D^m/m, in the Councrey now 
called P/;ofj:.-, then inhabited by the Toracians. CAnd the 
hCt of the Women concerning Itys was done there j and 
by the Poets, where they mention the JSJightingall, that 
Bird is alfo called Daulioj. And it is more likely that Tan- 
dion matched his Daughter with this man for vicinity, and B 
mutuall fuccour, then with the other, that was fo many 
dayes iourney off, as to Odryfd.) And 7Vrc?j, which is al- 
io another name, was the firft that k2;^Qd on the King- 
dome o^odryi^. Now Sitaices, this mans fonne, the Athe- 
nians got into their League, that they might haue the 
Townes lying on Thrace, and * Perdicto^ to bee of their 
party. Nymphodorw, when hee came to Athens, made this 
League betweenc them and Snakes, and caufed Sadocm^ 
the lonneof 5/Wf^j, to bee made free of Athens, and alfo 
vndertooketoendthe Warrein*7'/^r4ct?. For hee would C 
perfwade 5/Vrf/c« to knd \ntot\\t Athenians, z TbracianAv- 
mie of Horfemen and Targettiers. Hee likewife reconci- 
led Perdiccoj to the Athenians, and procured of him the re- 
llitution o^Therme. And Ptrdiccas prefently ayded the A- 
rhmians and Phormio, in the Warrc againll the Cbalcideans. 
Thus were Sitalces, the fonne of Tere^, King of Thrace, and 
P.r^/a^the fonne of^/^A;<w<^<;r, King of Macedonia, made 
Confederates with the Athenians. 

The^>/;^«/««jbeingyjet with their hundred Gallics a- 
bout Teloponne/Hf,tookcsolium,a. Townethat belonged toD 
the Qorinthians, and put the Palirenfes onely of all the Acar- 
nanii-ns, into the poflefsion both of the Townc and Terri- 
torie Hauing alfo by force taken ^fiacm, from the Ty- 
rant Euarchw, they draue him thence, andioyned the place 
to their League. From thence they faylcd to Cephalonia, 
and fubdued it without battcU. Tnis Cephalonia is an I- 
land l)ing oucr zgiinil ^carnania, and Leucoj, and hath in 
it thefe foure Cities, the ^allenfes, Cranij,Same/, znd^ron^i. 
And not long after returned with the Fleet to Athens. 

About the end of the Autumnc of this Summer, the E 
Aiheni.m;, both themfelues, and the'Strangers that dwelt 
^ amongrt 

Lib, z, l^he Htjlorj 0/ T h v c y d i d e s. 


\ amoiigfl them, with the whole power of the Citie, viider 
the condiift olV cricks the fbniic o^ Xantippitf, inuaded the 
Tcmzor y o^ Me^ara. And thofc Athenians likcvviic that 
had beeiie with the hundred Gallics about Pelopomiefus, in 
their returnc (being now at/E^/w^^J hearing that the whole 
power of the Citie was gone into * Me^aru, went and ioy- 
ned with them. And this was the greateft Armie that c- 
uer the ^tbenums had together in one place before ; the 
Citie being now in her ftrength, and the Plague not yeta- 
nionglltheni; (For the ^//f^i?wM>/j of themfelues were no 

B leiicthen loooo- menof Armes, (bcfides tiie u^oo- at Po- 
tid^n) and the Strangers that dwelt amongll tliem,and ac 
companycd them in this inuaiion^ were no fewer then 
3000. menof Armes more, bcfides other great numbers 
of light-armed Souldiers. And when they had walled the 
greateit part of the Countrey, -they went backe to ^Uhms. 
And afterwards, yeerc after yeere, during this Warre, the 
^thiniiins often inuaded Megaris^ fomctimes with their 
Horfemcn, and fomctimes with their whole Armie, vntill 
fuch time as they had wonne * isiipca. 

Q Alfo in the end of this Summer, they fortified ^Jtalante, 
an Hand lying vpon the Locriam of 0/j«j, dcfoJate till then, 
for a Garrifon againfl; Theeucs, which pafsing oucr from 
Opiis^ and of Lcjcm, might annoy Euboca. .Thefc 
were the things done this Summer, after the retreat, of the 
^doponnsdansouto^AttkaA . 

The Winter following, Euarchus o^Jcarnania, dcfirous 
to rcturne to ^ftacits , preiiailcth with the (ynnthlans;^ 
to goe thither with 40. Gallics, and 1500. menof Armes, 
to re-eitabliih him ; to which he hired alfo certaine other 
D Mercenaries for the famepiirpofe. The Commanders of 
this Armie were Euphamidcu the Ibnne of MriflonymiiSi Tt- 
moxenes the [onnt ofTinwcrates, und Etmachus the fonne of 
Qjryfis. When they had re-eltabliihed him, they ende- 
uoured to draw to their party ibme other places on the 
the Sea-Coafl: of Arcanania,but mif^hi^ their purpole,they 
fct fay le homeward. As tliey palled by theXoail of (c- 
pbalonia, they disbarqued in the Territoty of the Qanij^ 
where, vnder colour of Compolition, they were deceiued, 
and loll ibme part of their Forces. For the afl'ault made 

E vpon them by th^ Qranij, being vnexpcfted, they got off, 
with much adoe, an(I went home. 

Oi The 

The ^tbemr. 


The Alheniam dudy once 
a ycci c inuade Mcgaru, 





TheHiJIorjof Tnyc J DiXiES. Lib.i. 

, a>,i, in ^ut)ini;the 
I.. i!ie\\arie>. 

rra d\cd,t9buvicbt»i,a7i.i 
hL fcftji.'j, or cMfoffdti ./■ 
tiifw bis eP:et. 

• Ofcriygi, liictvft,ii''d 

* To bu ptrntfrndsjlant. 

' 7f< Ceramicum. 

Ham, . L.l'jiocdchhir 
fe.,u Warr'jr ttfe ttep^ne- 

y. a) :e,aic counted. -nfetictdlt 
rsnti, i-ndfctbifi'lijbmi 
in anj oftjemjoid the k»nm 
tj'tbii biaiaU. 

The fame Winter the Athmians, according to their an- A 
cicnt cullome, iolemnizcd a pubiike Funerail of the firlt 
llaine in this Warre, in this manner : Hauing fet vp a 
Tent, they put into it the * bones of tlie dead, three dayes 
before the t unerall, and cuery one bringeth * whatfoeuer 
he thinkes good to his * owns. When the day comes of 
carrying them to their buriall, certaine Cypreile Coffins 
are carried along in Carts, for cuery Tribe one, in which 
are the bones of the men of euery Tribe by themlelues. 
There is Ukevvife borne an empty Hearfe couered ouer, 
for fuch as appeare not, nor were found amongll the rcll B 
when they W':?re taken vp. The Funerail is accompanied 
by any that will, whether Citizen or Stranger 5 and the 
Women of their Kindred are alio by at the buriall, la- 
menting and mourning. Then they put them into a 
publiqu; Monument, which ilandeth in the faircll * Sub- 
urbs of the Citic, (in which place they haue eucr inter- 
red all that dyed in the Warres , except thofe that 
were flaine in the Fields of JMaratbon -, who, becaulc 
their vertue was thought extraordinary, were therefore 
buried there-right) and when the earth is throwne o- C 
uer them, ibmeone, thought to cxccede the refl in wif- 
domc and dignity, chofen by the Citie, maketh an Ora- 
tion, wherein hee giucth them fuch praifes as arc fit : 
which done , the Companie depart ; And this is the 
forme of that Burial! ; and for the * whole time of the 
Warre, whenfoeuer there was occaiion, they obferucd 
the fame. For thefc fird, the man chofen to make the 
.Oration, was Tericles ^the ibnneof Xantipptu, who when 
the time lerued, going out of the place of buriall into a 
high Pulpit, to be heard the further off by the multitude D 
about him, fpake vnto them in this manner ; 


made by P E R I c L E s . 

THou^h meft that haue fpoken formerly in this place ^ haue 
commended the man that added this Oration to the Law, as ho- 
nourable for thofe that dye in the Warres ; jet to mec it feemeth 
fnfficientj that they Ti^ho haue /hewed their <valour by aBton, Jl^ould 
alfo by an acllon hauethtir honour.^ as now you fee they haue, in this E 
thur/epuhure performed by the State j arJ not to haue the Vertue of 




'The Hijtcrj 0/ T h v c y d i d e s. 


'V many ha:^drdi'd on one , to be bdeeued (us t/)at one Jhall make a (rood or 
kid Oration. For, to fpeahofmm in a iufl meajnre, is a hard via tier 
and though one doJo,yct hejhall hardly ^et the truth jirmely beletued^ 
the fauoiouble hearer, andhee thut knowes l»hat Ufas done^ will per- 
haps thinke t»hat it jj)oken,Jhort of D^hat hee would hatie it^ and 
yfhat it fi>ai 5 and hee that u ignorant^ will finds jomeTif hat on the 0- 
therjide^^ which hee Vill thiuke too much extolled-^ efpecially if hee 
heare ought aboiietbe pitch of his owne nature. For to heare another 
man praili'd , jindes patience Jo long onely, as each man jJ'all thiuke he 
could Iwi.'/elfe haue done jomi'^hat ofthatheeheares. And ifo?ie ex- 

-[^ cced in their pratjcs the hearer prejently through enuie thinkes itfalfe . 
'But finceour rncejlors haue jo thought good, I aljo, followin^^ the 
Jan:e ordinance, mujl endeuour to bee anjwcrable to the defires and 
opinions of euery one of you, a^ jarre forth as 1 can. I H^ill be^inne 
at oury^me/ioursy beinga things both tuft and honeflthat to them firfi 
bee ^iuen the honour of remembrance in this kinde : For they hauimf 
beene aly^ayes the inhabitants of this ^B^egion, by their Valour haue de- 
liucred the fame to (lucefsionof pofierity, hitherto, in the fate of li- 
berty : For which they defer ue commendation- but our Fathers de- 
ferue yet more; for that befides what defended on them , not 

Q Without great labour of their owne ^ they haue purchafedthis our pre - 
fent Dominion, anddeliuerea the fame ouer to Vs that noiv are. Which 
in a great part alfo^^ce ourfelues, that are yet in the flrength of our 
age here prefent, haue enlarged j andfo furnijhed the Ci:ie tvith l ae- 
ry thing, both for peace and l»arre^ as it is nolo allfuficient in it felfe. 
'j he actions of U'arre^ tohereby all this'^AS attained^ and the deedes 
of ^rmesj both of our fe lues and our Fathers Jnijaliant oppofition to 
tht Birl^drians, or Grecians, in their Warres aguinfl ^s , aK.o^ig^ 
you that are well acquainted Ti>iththefumme^ to auoide prolixity j I Ti^iU 
pafje ouer. 'But by what infitutions "ivee arriued at this, by what 

J) forme ofgomrnnent and by what meanesTt^ehaue aduanced the State 
to. thiigrsatneffe^'tiphen IfhaUhauelaide open this ,11^111 then defend 
to thcjc mens praifes. For I thinke they are things both fit for the pur- 
pofe m hand, and prof table to the whole company, both of C iti^ens and 
Strangers, to heare related. Wee haue a forme ofgouernment, not 
fetched by imitation from the Lawes of our neighbouring States, 
[nay ^ Ti;ee are rather a patterne to others, then they to 1>s^ "U^hich^ 
lecau/ein the adminifration,it hathreJfeSi ^not to afw^ but to the 
vudtttude, is called a Dcmocracic. Wherein though there bee art 
equality amongst all men in point of Law^ for their priuate con- 

£ tr Otter [ics; yet in conferring of dignities ^one man is preferred before 
another to publique charge ^and that according to the reputation, mt 




TheHi/Iory of T ny c\D ID Es, Lib. 2. 

;9-, ^4 pill. Su:htrt 
he midfien prt or ftmily tit 
(he Centner! wM. Ctrfmg 
fecrctlj (t 1^1 Lacdi-moBi- 
ans, ihit hid none umt ta 

Ljccdxmonuns, hecmft 
tl>() cucr lock'.-l fin»refy an 
■ ^ 

'T)\e AthcrJiKi haJ Sacri- 
or priuatc, for cuery djy 

' 7h'u B /J>».'c<« vf'ith eniiu te- 
vtrds the Lacedemonian? 
fhtt prokihhed Strtngert It 

of his * Houfe, but of his njcrtuCj and is not putkicke through pouer- A 
tie, for thcobjcurity of his per/on, as long as hee ain doe good feruke 
to the Cowmen tvealth. And >e Itue not onelyfree in the adminiflra- 
tion of the State, bat alfo one ^nith another, yoyd ofjealoufte, touching 
each others daily courje of life ; not o^hidcd at any man for following 
his owne humour^ nor caflmg on any man * cenforious lookes, which 
though they hee Hopunijhment, yet they grieue. So that conuerjing 
one ^ith another for the priuate without offence ^ Tl^ee /land chiefly m 
feare to tran/grejje againfl thepublique . and are obedient aht^ayes to 
thofe that gouernc ^ and to the Lawes, and principally tojuch Lawes as 
arelvrittcnfor proteElton againfi iniurie, and fuch (vn^pritten. as B 
bring'Vndeniable pyame to the tranfgreffours . Wee haue alfo found 
out many "^ayes togiue our mindes recreation from labour^ hypublikje 
inflitution of Games and Sacrifices for all the dayes of the yeere^ tisith 
a decent pompe and furniture ofthejamehy priuatemcn- by the daily 
delight Ti>hereof,Ti)ee expellfad)iejje. Wee haue this further, by the 
grcatneffe of our Qty^that all things^ from all parts of the Earth are 
imported hither j T^hereby Ti>e no leffe familiarly enioy the commodities 
of all other ISlations, then our owne. Then in the fiudies of War re, 
Ti?ee excell our Enemies in this : ft^eekaue aur Citie open to all men, 
nor was it euer feene ^that hy*banijhi?ig of jir angers. Toe dtnyed them Q 
the I earning or fight of any of thofe things ^Sifhich if not hidden, anE- 
nemie might reape aduantage by^not relying on fecret preparation and 
deceipt,but r-jpon our Qwne courage in the aHion. They in their dif- 
cipline hunt after "Valour, prefently from their youth, Ti^ith laborious 
exercife,andyet wee that line remiffely, "Undertake as great dajigcrs 
as they. For exatJiple, the J.^cLCcdxmomzv\s inuade not our domi- 
nion by theynfelues alone, but tfith the ayde of all the refi. 'But when 
"^eeinuade our fieighbours, though wee fight in hoflile ground ^ a- 
gainjl fuch as in their owne ground, fight in defence of their 
owne fubflancCj yet for the woji part^ wee get the <vi^orie.lj 
Neuer Enemie yet fell into the hands of our t^hole Forces at 
once^ both becaufe t»ee apply our felms much to JS(auigation, and 
by Land alfo fend many of our men into diuers f^ountries abroad. But 
"Si^hen fighting ti>itha part of it., they chance to get the better, they boafl 
they haue beaten the Ti^hole- and Tfhen they get the tporfe, they Jay 
they are beaten by the Ti?hole. Andyet "^hen from eafe, rather then 
fiudious labour, and Vpon naturaU, rather then doBrinallnjdour, Ti^ee 
come to Undertake any danger, wee haue this oddes by it, that Ti?ejhall 
7iot faint before-hand Tipith the meditation of future trouble, and in 
the a fiion wee fi?all appeare no lejfe confident then they that are euer E 
toyling, procuring admiration to our Citie, as weU in this, as in 


Lib. 2. The Hijiory ofT hvcydides. 


A dhiirs other things. For Tpe alfo g'mc our [elues to brauery, id yet 
svitb thrift ; and to Philojophy^andyet without modification cfthe 
minde. ^nd we yfe riches rather for opportnnities of d^ion^ then 
for yerbMl oflentation : .And hold it not afbame to confefje potter- 
tjy hut not to haus auoidcd it. Moreouer there u in the jame men^ 
a care.both of their owne, and of the publiqui affaires, and a Suffi- 
cient * kno^->ledge of State matters^ euen in thoje that labour with 
their hands. For we onely\tbinke one that it <vtterly ignorant there- 
in, to be a man not that meddles ypith nothings but that u good for 
nothing. We likeyfiijeyyoeigh -^hat we undertake, and apprth end it 

B perfeBlf in ourmindiS j not accounting Tvords for a hindrance of 
a^liofkbut that it it rather a hindrance to aSiion,to come to it -with- 
out injlr nation of words before. For alfo in tbii "T^e exceQ others j 
daring to <-undertake cu much as any , and yet examining what wee 
yndertake ; whereOi yiiith oth.r men , ignorance makes them dare, 
and conftderation,daflards 5 and they are mofl rightly reputed yM- 
ant, who though theyperfe^ly apprehend, both what is dangeroMi 
and t)hai is eafic, are neuer the more thereby diuertedfrorn aduen- 
turing. Againe^ype are contrary to mofl men in matter of bounty. 
For yvepurchaje our friends, not by receiuing, but by bejiowing hene- 

C fts. Sind be tUt befloweth a good turne, ti euer the mofi conflant 
friendybecauje hee wiU not lofe the thankes due ynto Inm, from him 
whom he be (I owed it on. Whereas the friendfhip of him that oyp- 
eth a benefit if duU and flat , as knomng his benefit not to be taken 
forafauor,butfor a. debt ; So that we onely , doe good to others, 
r,ot -vpon computation of pro fit, but freeneffe oftrufi. Injumme,it 
may bi [aid, both that the City is in generall a Schools of the Gre- 
cians,4»i that the men here, baue euery one in particular, hitper- 
Jon difpojed to mofl diuerfity of actions , andyet ai wnh grace and 
decency. And thai this is not no»,rather a brauery of words, ypon 

D the occafon,tbcn reall truth , tbii power of the Citie, which by tbeje 

inflitutions wehaue obtained,maketb euidem. ■ For it is the onely 

power new found greater in proof Bitben fame ; and the onely po'^er t 

that neither grieueth the iayader yohen he mi/cArries , with the qua 

lity of thole he was hurt by, nor giueth caufe to the fubie£ted States 

to murmur c, as being in fubie6lion to men yn'^porthy . For both 

spithprefent and future Ages we fhaU be in admiration yfor a po'Sver, 

not without tefiimonyi but made euidem by great arguments, and 

which needeth not either a Hoixier topraifeit, or any other fuch, 

whop 'Toems may indeed for the prefent,bring delight, but the truth 

E wiG-after-^ardi confute the opipion conceiued of the anions. For 

we baue opened <^untoevs by our eournge, all Seas, and Lands, and 

_ ^ A' 

♦ In Acbenj ntminfopoott 
but WM a Stattjin^H. So 
S.Lukc, Ad. i7.z:.A!J 
the Athinia-M jpind ihtir 
tmcin nttbini but btarnig 
and leUing ofnexvef.Tnc iruc 
Charincrofphtituni witb- 


Hee magnifies «be At':> 
niit po.ver abouc ch.t 
which the Gwi.isi 
at Troy, which needed He- 
mer to make it lliew 
great, but thi« power 
would feeme great by 
Trophies and reall mo- 
numents of their afti- 


TheHi/IorjofTnvcYDiDEs. Lib. 2. 


jet Vp et email Monuments on all fides ^hoth of the eu'ill ipc hatte done A 
to our enemies, and thevood Ifeehaue done to our fiends . Such is the 
Citie for yt?hichthefemen(^thinkino^it no recifon to lofe it) yaliantly 
fighting, haue dyed. And it is ft that euery man of you that bee leftf 
Jbou'dbee like-minded^ to ^cndergoe any traudl for the fame, yind I 
haue therefore fpokenfo much concerning the Qtie in generally as DfcU 
tojhewyon^that the flakes bef^eene Vs and them ^ whofe Citie is not 
fucb ■ are not e-mail ,• ai alfo to make knowneby ejfecls^ the Iforth oj 
thefe men lam tofj^exke of -^ the greatifl part of their praifes being 
therein already dcliiwed. For ti>hat Ihaue fpokenof the ( \tie^ hath 
by thefe andjuch as thefe beene atchicued : I^either would praifes B 
and aHions appear c fo leuclly concurrent in many other of the Crreci- 
nus ^ AS they doe in thefe ; the pre/ent resolution of thefe mens Hues 
feemiug ynto mee an argument of their vertues, noted in the firfl aEl 
thereof , and in the lafl confirmed. For euen Juch of thun as ivere 
ti'orfc then the rejl, doe neuertheleffe deferue that for their Valour 
jhewne in the Warns for defence of their Qountrey^ they f}/0Hld bee 
pre fer red before the rcfl. horhaumg by their good afiions abolifjjei 
the memory of their euill, they haue profited the State thereby, ynore 
then they haue hurt it by their priuate behauiour. Yet there loos none 
of theje, that preferring the further fruition of his 'k>eakh,-S^as there- Q 
hygrowneco'^ardly^ or that for hope to oner come hispouertyat length, 
and toattaine to riches, did for that caufe "Withdraw himfelfe from the 
danger. For their principall de fire f^as nofS^ealth, but reuenge oh 
their Enemies, ft^hich efteeming the mo/i honourable caufe of danger, 
they made account through it, both to accomplifl) their reuenge, and to 
purchafe fi?ealth ft^ithall-^ putting the Vncertainety offucceffe, to the 
a:count of their hope • but for that which was before their eyes^ rely- 
ing ypon themf clues in the JBion^ and therein chufing rather to 
fight and dye, then tofJ?rinke and beefaued. They fled from f/ame, 
but with their bodies, they flood out the 'Battell ■ andfo in a moment^ D 
'^htlefl Fortune inclineth neithert^ay, left their lines notinfeare, but 
tn opinion of <-viBory. Such were thefe men,w6rthy of \heir (f^ountry ; 
and for you that remaine, you may pray for a fafcr fnrtune ; but you 
ought not to bee lefje Venturoufly minded againjl the enemie ; not 
-R/eiglmg the profit by an Oration oyiely, which any man amplifying, 
may recount, toyou that know as l»ell as hee, the many commodities 
that ari/e by fight i?ig a,^alia?itly againflyour enemies f tit contemplating 
the power 0/ the ( ttiein the actions ef the fame from day to day per- 
formed, and thereby becommtng enamoured of it. J.nd fi^hen this po- 
wer of the Citie fh Jl feeme great toyou, confiderthm,that the fame E 
■»'<tf purchafed by Valiant men, and by men that know their duty, and 

h _ 

Lib. 2. nehijlcrj of Thv CY DID ES. I 

A hy men that wen fenfihle ofdijl^omur Ti'hm they wen infi^^U ; and I 
hyfuchmcn, as though thy jaded of their at tempt, yet tl/ouU not bee \ 
ftfautin^to the Citie with their ^ertuCj but mjiiieynto it a nioji ho- 
nourable contribution. For hauin^ euery one giuen his body to the 
Com non-wealth, they receiue in place thereof , an 1'ndecayin^^ commen 
dation, and a mojl remarkeable Sepulcher, not 'therein they are buri- 
ed jo much, as wherein their ^lory u laid )'/>, If on all occajions^ both 
ofjpeech and afiion, to bee remcmbredfor euer. For to famous men^ 
all the earth is a Sepulcher: and their Vcrtues P}all bee teflified, not 
onely by the infcription inftone at home^ but by an Unwritten record of 

33 tU mimic, yifhich more then of any Monument, will remaim with 
eueryonefor euer. In imitation therefore of the/emcn ^and placino^lmp- 
pincfje in liberty^ and liberty innj.ilour^ bee forward to encounter the 
dangers fflFarre. For the miferable and defter ate fncn^ are not they 
that haue themofl reafon tohce prodigall of their hues but rather fuch 
7nen^ 04 if they Hue, may expect a change of fortune, and Tidxjfe lojfes 
aregreatefl, if they mifcarry in ought. For to a man of any jj-irit^ 
Death, Ti}hich isTi^ithoutfenJe, arritiing tdnlefi heeis in Vigour, and 
common hope, is nothing jobitter^ as after a tender life to bee brought 
into miferie. Wherefore I "^illnotfo much bewaile, as comfort you 

Q the parents^ that arcprefent,df thefe men. Foryoukno^ that ivhilejl 
they liucd , they 'ivere obnoxious to manifold calamities , lid^rcas 
"^hileflyouarc in grief e^ t hey onely ar ehapp yjha£ dye honourab(t, as 
thefe haue done : and to'^)0'n it hathbeene granted, not only to Hue 
in profljcrity, but to dye in it. Though it bee a hard matter to diffivade 
you from forrow, for the Icfje of that, Iphi: h the * happineffe of others, 
'therein you aljQ '^hen time 'ioas, reloycedyour felues , f]?all fo often 
brijig into your remembrance ( for f arrow is not for the "Hmnt of a good 
neuertaf}ed,hut for thepriuationofa good'^ee haue beetle Vfed to) 
yet fuch of you as are of the age to haue children^ may be are the lojfe 

jy of thefe, in the hope of more. For the later children Tt ill both dral); on 
T^ithfome theobliuionofthofe that are flaine^andaljo doubly conduce 
to the good of the Citie, by population and flrength. For it is not like- 
ly that they jhould equally giue good counfell to the State /hat haue not 
children to bee equally expofed to danger in it . M for you that are pafl 
hauingof children, you are to put the former a?id greater part of your 
life^ to the account of yourgaine, and fuppofing the remainder of it Vill 
bee hut fJmt jou flyallhaue the glory of thefe for a confolation of the 
fame. For the loue of h onour ncner g roweth old, tiordoth that Unpro- 
fitable part of our life take delight fasjome hauefaid) in gathering of 

E wealth, fo much as it doth in being honoured. Jfsforyou that are the 
children or brethren of thefe men, I feeyouf?aHhaue a dificUlt taske 
^ ' of[ 






The Hi/lory of T ay cxD IDES. Lib. 2. 

The children of fuch as 
were the firft ll-iinc in 
nnv S^'arre, were kept at 
the charge o[ the Citie, 
till they came to mans 

Thb SkcoN d 

The fecond inuafion of 
^nka,hj the Uced^mt- 

The plague at Uthtns. 

" ffPcrGa. 

of- emulation, hor eiiery man 'vjetb toprailethe dead-y fo that A 
•»ith oddcs of -vatug.jou win hardly get an equnll reputation^ but 
flm be thought a little jjjort^ For men enuy their (Competitors in 
ghry^ while they liw, but to /land out of their T^ay ^ii a thing honou- 
red ypith an aJf'eBion/rce from oppofition. ^nd fmce I mujl fay 
fomcwhat aljo of feminine yertue, for you that are now Widdoypes: 
I /hall expreffe it all in thu fhort admonition . It ypill bee much for 
^our honour, not to recede jrom your Sexe^ and to giue oj little occa- 
(:on oj rumour among fl the men^whethtr of good or euill,as you cans 
T/jM aljo haue J,iKcording to theprejcript of the Law, deliuered in 
word what Tvas expedient;andthofe that are here interred , haue in B 
fa6l beene already honoured ; and further, their children fhall bee 
maimained till they be at mans ejlate , at the charge of the Qtie, 
which hath therein propounded both to thefe, and them that Hue, a 
profitable Garland in their matches of yalour. For where the re- 
ycardsofiiertuearegreatef}, there Hue the worthief} men. So now 
hauing lamented euery one hit owne,you may be gone. Such was 
the Funerall made this Winter, which ending, ended the 
firll yeerc of this Warrc. 

In the very htgivmmgo^Snmmtv,t\\tTeloponnefians,znd Q 
their Qonfedtratcs, with two thirds of their forces,as before 
inuaded Attica,\ndtTi the condud: of ^rchidamm, the fonne 
oi Zeuxidamcu,Km^oi Laceddmon, and after they had en- 
camped thcmfeluesjwalled the countrey about them. 

They had not beene many daycs in Attica , when the 
plague firfl: began amongft. the Athenians, faid alfo to haue 
feazed formerly on diuers other parts,as about Lemnos, and 
elfewherej but fo great a plague, and mortality of men, 
wasneuer remembred to hauehapned in any place before. 
For at firft , neither were the Phyficians able to cure it, D 
through ignorance of what it was,but dyed failed them- 
felues^as being the men that moll approached the ficke, 
nor any other art of man auailed whacfoeuer. All fuppli- 
cations to the Gods,znd enquiries of Or/ii:/<?j,and whatfoeuer 
other meanes they vfed of that kind,proued all vnprofita- 
blc; intomuch as iubdued with the greatnefle of the cuill, 
they gaue them all oucr. It began ( by report ) firft, in 
that part of ^Ethiopia tliat ly eth vpon JEgypt , and thence 
fell downe into /E^)'/)/ and A[rique,^nd into the greaceft part 
of the Territories of the * King. It inuaded Athens on a E 
fudden -, and touched firft vpon thofc that dwelt in 

Lib.z. The hijtory of \T^ n-yc yd ides. 


hid Ci(l poylort iiito thdr Welles, for Springs there vvv^re 
n0L any in that place. ; But afceij\tods it came vp into the 
high City ,ahd then they dyed a gpcat dealer fader. Now 
leteucry rtianPhyrician/or other '^.concerning, the gxotJnd 
ofthislickcneile, vvhen^cjt fprving, and vyhat caul.eS;he§ 
thinkcs able to grcitiia' alteration, ipeakc ac- 
cording to hisovvne tnd-wiedge,;fdr-.hiy ownepart, I wiii 
deiiucr but theaiianfl^r .of it,. , and Jay open ont^ly fuch 
things, as one nia}' tajsic bis mark^by,todifcoucr the fame 

B ifit come againe,hauing.beens. both ifickt? ^f-ic my lelfe^ 
and feene others ficke of thefimf.' Tiii5yeere,by confefsi- 
on of all men,was of -all othcr,tbr other di/cafes, moft free 
and healthfuU, If any man were fjcke before , his dik^k 
turn:'d to this ; if not,yet fuddenly, without any apparent 
cauie preccding,and perfe6t health, they were ta- 
ken ftril with an extrearae ache in oh^ir heads,redne{rc and 
inflammation of the eyes ; and then inwardly^tiieir throats 
and tongues, grew prcfently bloody, and their breath noy- 
lome,and vnlauory. Vpon this, 'followed a fneczing and 

C hoarfencire,and not long after, thelpaine, together with a 
mighty cougb^; came .downe into the breaft. And when 
once it was fettled in the * (loinacke,it caufed vomit , and 
with great torment came vp allmanner of bilious pur- 
gation that Phyfitians ?qer named; , Moft of them had 
alfo the Hickeyexe,w.hich brought with ic a Rrong con- 
vuirion,and infome ceafed quickly, but in others was long 
before it gaue ouer. Their bodies outwardly to the touch, 
were neither \'ery hote nor pale, but rcddifli liuid, and be- 
flowred with little pimples and v/helkessbutib burned in- 

D wardly,as not to endure any the lighted cloadies or linnen 
garment,to be vpon th€m,nor any:thing but meere naked- 
neiie^but rather, mod willingly, to-haue cad themfelues 
into the cold water. And many of them chat were not 
looked to, pofleiled with infatiate thirlt , ranne vnto the 
Welles,and todrinke much,, or little, was indifferent, be- 
ing dill,from eafe,and power to fleepc, as farre as euer. 
As longasthedifcafewasatthe height , their bodies wa- 
ded not , but refided thetorment beyond all expedTtation, 
infomuch,as the mod of them either dyed of their inward 

E burning , in nine or feuen dayes, whiled they hatd yet 

ftrength , oriftheyjeffc^apedthat,, then thedifeafe faUing 

P i downe 

I'Thi VtlofMnifiiKs fiij-po- 1 

The Author (itke of; b^ 

Tlicdircriptionof the 


Redneflc ot'tbe eyes, 
borcthront.- ' 


» yjtf /(':<, ijtcte li^ca for tb€ 


Extrense beate of thtir 


Want of flecpe. 



The'HiJlory ofTnycY DID ES>. tiki. 

Difcafc in the bcUy. 

Loflccfthc p»rt$Yvhcrc 
the dilcafcsbial^c out. 

Oblin'ion «f «lhWng5 
done before iheir fickc- 

Birds and Beads peiifhcd 
that fed on Caikallc* 


Dci«aion of ""'"'*• 


downeinto their beliies,and caufingi there great exulcera- A 
cions,and immoderate looieneire,t they dyed many of them 
ift^rvvards through weakencfle. lor the dilcafe ( which 
cooke firlt the head ) began aboue,and camedowne , and 
palled through the whole body ; and he that ouer- 
came the wortt of it,wasyet marked with the loilc of his 
extreme parts 5 for breaking out both at their priuy 
members,andiat their fingers and toes, many with the 
lolTe of thcfeefcaped. ' There were alfo fome that loft 
their eyes, and many that prefently \'pon their recoue- 
ry , were taken with fuch an obliuion of all things 
whatfoeuer,as they neither knew themfelues, nor their ac- 
quaintance, for this was a kind of fickenefle which farre 
Ibrmounted allexprefsion ofwords,and both exceeded hu- 
mane nature, in the cruelty wherwith it handled each one, 
and appeared alio othcrwile to be none of thofe difeafes 
that are bred amongft vs,and that efpccially by this. For 
all both birds and beafts,that vfe to feed on humane flelh, 
though many men lay abroad vnburied , either carae not 
at them , or tailing perilhed . An argument whereof as 
touching the birds, is the manifcft defed: of fuch fowle, C 
which were not then rcene,neithcr about the Carcafles ,or 
any where elfc ; But by thcdogges , becaufe they are fa- 
miliar with men, this eflPeft was feencmuch clecrer. So 
that this difealc ( to paflc oucr many ftrange particulars,of 
the accidcnts,that fbme had differently, from others ) was 
in general! fuch as I haue fhowne , and for other vfuall 
fickenefles, at that time , no man was troubled with any. 
Now they died,fome for want of attendance , and fome 
againc with all the care and Phyfi eke that could be vkd. 
Nor was there any, to lay,ccrtaine medicine, that applied D 
mull haue helped them ; for if ic did good to one, it did 
harme to another ; nor any difference of body,for ftrcngth 
or weaknefle that was able to refift it ^ but it carried all 
away, what Phyficke foeuer was adminiftred. But the 
greateft mifery of all was,thedeiection ofmind,in fuch as 
found themfelues beginning to be ficke ( for they grew 
prefently dcijperate, and gaue themfelues ouer without 
making any refillancc ) as alfo their dying thus like 
fhcepe , infected by mutuall vifitation , for the greateft 
mortality proceeded that way. For if men forbore to vi- I 
fitc them , for feare^then they dyed forlorne,whercby raa- 

, aL_ 

Lih.i,[ The Bijicry of T H.v QYDit) ES, 

\ ny F^ajpilics became empty, for want of fnch as fliould 
ukp;,c^c of them. If they forbore not, then they died 
theJp]iri;lLics,ancj principally the honetlell men. For out of 
liiam^,they v^ould not ipare themfelues, but went in \'nto 
their, iaends,elpccially after it was come to this pallcjthac 
eucn thpir domclliqucs, wearied with the lamentations of 
theni that died,and ouercome with the greatncilc of the 
ca]^}i]lLy,were np longer moued therewith. But thole that 
were jccouered, had much compafsion both on them that 
died,and on them that lay licke , as hauing both knowne 

B the miiery tliemfelucs ,- and now np more fubiecft to the 
dangq. tor this dileafe ncuertopke any man the Tecond 
time , io as to be mortall. And thcie men were both by 
others counted happy ,and they alfo themfelues , through 
cxcefle of prefent,ioy,conceiued a kind of light hope , ne- 
uerto.die of any .other fickenefle hereafter. Befidcs the pre- 
fent affli6t:ion,the,receptionof thecountrey people, and of 
their iubftancc into the Citie, opprefled both them , and 
much more thepeople themfelues that ib came in. For ha- 
uing no houf;?s,tbutdwcUing at that time of the yecre in 

Q (lifting boothes , the mortality was ■ novy ; without all 
forme ; and dying men Uy tumbling one vpon another in 
thellreetcs, ayd meiihalfe dead, about cuery Conduit 
through defire of water. The Temples alio where they 
dwelt in Tcnts,were all full of the dead that died with- 
in them; for opprelTed with the violence of the Calami- 
tie,and not knowing what to doc, men grew carcleile both 
of holy, and prophanc things alike. And the Lawes 
which they formerly vfed touching Funerals, were all 
now broken ;, C/Uery one burying vyherehec could finde 

D roorae. And many for wane of things neceflary, after fo 
many deathes .bcfore,werc forced to become impudent in 
the Funerals of their fnends.For when one had made a Fu- 
neral *Pile,anpLher getting before him,woutd throw on his 
dcad^and giue it fire. And when one was in burning, ano- 
ther would come, and hauing calt thereon him whom he 
carried, goe his way againe. And the great licentiouf- 
nelVe^which alio in other kindes was vfed in theCitie, be- 
gan at firft from this difeafe. For that which a man before 
would dilfcmble , and not acknowledge to be done for vo 

E luptaoufneire,,hedurllnowdoe freely, feeing before his 
cyesfuchquicke reuoktion, oftherich dying, and men 



No mail fick; of it mor- 
tally the fccond time. 


Difotder in thcit Fune- 

« Ap'ilf,(i^lf^d, tttfttljtvbeH 

Ihty hadli>i(MK Coffa on it, 
tbey fired, and aftmvirdi 
bwicd the bones, 

Licentioufncffe of life 


The Hi/lory 0/ T h v c y d i d e s. Lib. 2. 

Nedcfi of Religion and 

Prediiftions called t 

■ y-jult. 

An ambieuous'Prophe- 
cie expounded by the 


' Apollo, («»fe»»)/''fH? 
tkia annlmltd Iht mmijjlm 
'ftiltfiidemUl^t cm dinar}' 

worth norhing, inheriting their ellates ^ inibmuch as they A 
iudified a fpeedy fruition of their goods, cucn for their 
plcarure 5 as men that thought- they held their' Hues 
but by the ^ly. As for paine5,il6man was forward in any 
aftion of honour, to take any, becaufe they thought^t vn- 
o^rtaine whether they fliould dye or not, before they at- 
diieuedit Butwliatany man''khew to bee del-ightfull, 
and to bee profitable to pleafurci that was-m^de both pro- 
fitable and hcMiourable. Neither the feare <)f the Gods, 
nor Lawes of men, awed any man . Nor tl>e former, be- 
caufe they concluded it was alike to worfliip or not wor- B 
fliip, from feeing that alike they all perifhed .- norths lat- 
ter, becaule no man expected that Hues would lad, rill he 
receiued pumfhmenc of his crimes by iudgement. But 
they thought there was now ouer their heads, fome farre 
greater Iudgement decreed againil them-, before which 
•fell, theythought toenioy lome little part of thelir-liU'cs: 
Such was the mifery into which the Athenians beihg'falne, 
were muchoppreM ; hauing not'onely 'their mert killed 
bytheDtfeafcwithin,but the enemy alfo laying walle 
their ¥'M<H and Villages without. In this ficknclic alfo, Q 
(as it was not Vnlifcely they would) thcv called to miiidc 
this Verfe, faid iifo of the elder fort to haue beene vtrcred 

And a great * T Ugue withall^ 

Now were men at variance about the word, fortic fiy- 
ing it was not Ao».«/Sf, ( ./. the Tta^ue ) that was by the An- 
cients, mentioned in that verfe, but Az/zof, ( .1 Famine.) But D 
vponthe prelent occafion the word Ao/f<5f. deferuedly ob- 
tained. For as men fuffcred, fo they made the Verfe to 
fay. And I thinke, if after this, there fhall euercorriji aur 
other Dorique Warre, SLiid w'lthk z Famine, they arc Hke 
to recite the Verfe accordingly. There was alfo reported 
by fuch as knew, a certaine anfwer giuen by the Oracle to 
the Lacedieinoniarjs, when they enquired whether they 
fliould make this Warre, or not, That if they -Jarred withal 
their p.mcr\ t¥ey/Jjould haue the ^.Slorie, and that the * God bins- 
felfi mould tjih their parts : and thereupon they thought E 
theprefeiit^rtiifery tobeea fulfilling of that Prophecic. 


Lib.z,. The Htjisryof T H\ ciDiD^s, 

A Tlie PeloportKefinm were no fboner cncred Attica, buc the 
fickiiefleprerenlry began,and neuer came into T<iloponn^(ui, 
to Ipcake of, but raigned principally in Athens, and in fuch 
other places afterwards as were moll populous. And thus 
much of this Difeafe. 

After the H'ehponnefiam had wafted the Champaigne 
Countrey, they fell vpon the Territory called * Paralosy 
as farrc as to the Mountaine lauriw, where the ^-ithenians 
had Siluer Mines, and fird wafted that part of it which 
looketh towards Peloponnefus, and then that alfo which iy- 

B eth toward ^indros and Euhoei : and Pcrichs, who was alio 
then Generall, was ftill of the fame mindehee was of in 
the former inualion, that the Athenians ought not to goe 
out againft them to battel I. 

Whilft they were yet in the Plaine,& before they entred 
into the JVIantimc Country, he furniihed an hundred Gal- 
lies to goe about Pehponnejh, and as foone as they were 
ready, put to Sea. In thefe Gallies hee had foure thou- 
fandmenof Armcs; and in Veilels then purpofcly firil 
made to carry Horfes, three hundred Horiemen. The67;/~ 

C ans and Z.^i/'/^^.rioynedlikewife with him with fiftie Gal- 
lies. This Fleet of the Athenians ^ when it fet foorth, left 
the fehponefms ftill in Paralia,^nd comming before Epidau- 
rus, a Citie o'i Pelcpomefus, they wafted much of the Coun ■ 
try therabout,and aflaulting the Citie,hada hope to take it, 
though it fucceeded not. Leauing Epidaurus, they wafted 
theTerritories about,of Tr^^ene^Halicu, znd Hermi one, places 
all on theSea-coaft of 'P-/(?/)o;;^/'«x.Putting off from hence, 
they came to Praf,s,2. fmall maritime Citie of 
both wafted the Territory about it, and tooke and razed 
D the Towne it felfe .• and hauing done this, came home, and 
found the Pehponmfians not now in Attica, but gone backe. 
All the while the ^elopomejians were in the Territorie 
o^the^AthenianSy'iPtd tliQ Athenians abroad with their Fleet, 
the ftckneile, both in the Armieand Citie, deftroyed ma- 
ny, in fo much as it was faid, that the "Teloponnefians, fea- 
ring the fickncfle (which they knew to bee in the Citie, 
both by fugitiues,and by feeing the Athenians burying their 
dead) went the fooncr away out of the Countrey. And 
yet they ftayed there longer in this inuafion, then they 
had done any time before ; and wafted euen the whole 
Territory; for thev continuedin Attica almoft forty daies. 




Peric(eiW\<h loo. faylc ot' 

The Petepeitaepm depirt 


to Piii'iWwith i!l luc- 
clll,K\ rcaloi! ol' the 


The /tlwi-K peoi'lc 
■\ cxed at once both with 
iheWjrit 8r Pcnilcncc. 
gro* impatient towaid 

JheHtJlofy o/Thvctdides. Likz 

The fame Summer, ^^J^/^ow the lonneof N/V/^, and C/^o- A 
pompKs the Sonne o^Cliyiioj, who were ioynt Commanders 
with Pericles, wich that Armie which hee had employed 
before, wcnr prclcncly and made Warre vpon the Cbaiadc- 
aas of Thrace, and againll potidxa, which was yet bcfieged . 
Arriuing, they prelently applyed Engins , and tryed all 
meanes pofsible to take it -, but neither the taking of the 
Citic,nor any thing elfe, fucceeded worthy k> great prepa- 
ration . For the fickenefle comming amongil them , affli- 
itlcd them mightily indeed, and euen deuoured the Army. 
And the Aihenim Souldiers which were there before , and B 
in liealth , catched the fickcnefle from thole that came 
with ^fnon. As for ''Vbormio , and his 1600. they were ^ 
not now amongd the f'baJcideansi^nd Af^non therefore came 
backe with his Fle?c,hauingof 4000 men in Icile then ^o. 
dayes, loll 1050. of the plague. But the Souldiers that 
were there before, (laid \'ponthe place, and continued the 
liege of P(3f/^^^t. 

Afcer the kconf\ inuafion of the Pehpomief^ans, the Aiheni- 
ans(hz\img their fields now the fecond time walled , and 
both the fickenefle,and warre, falling \'pon them at once) C 
changed their mindes, and accufed PericUs , as if by his 
meanes they had been brought into thefc calamities , and 
defired earnellly to compound with the Laced^momans , to 
whom alfothey fent certaine Ambaflkdours , but they re- 
turned without eflFedl. And being then at their wits 
end, they teptallirre 2it Pericles. And hce , lecing them 
vexed with their prefent calamity , and doing all thofe 
things which he had before expected , called an Adem- 
bly (for he was yet GcncraliJ) with intention to put them 
againe into heart, and ail waging their pafsion , toredijccD 
their mindes to a more calme, and IclIe difjiiaycd temper j 
and Handing forthjie fpake vnto them,in this manner. 



YOur anger tol»ardsme , commeth not wnlooked for , ( for the 
canfes of it I kno'^ ) and I haue called this /ffenibly therefore, 
to remember you ^and reprehendyou for thofe things, "tpherin you, 
hatic either beene angry Ti^ith me.orgiuen "T^ay to your aduer(ity,tvith- E 
out reafon . For Jam of this opinion,that the publike profperity of the 


The Hijlory (?/" T h v c y u i d e s. 


A Citk J is better for priudte mcn^ then if the priuate men the mj clues 
lt>erc in proj'pcrity^and the pnbiuiue "health in decay. For a priuate 
man ^though in good€,ifhis Countrey come to rume , vnijt of nc- 
cejsity be ruined withit -.ivhereas hce that mifcarrieth , ina Jloiiriff?- 
mg Common-'^ealihylhcill much more eaftly be preferued. Since then 
the Co'nmon- wealth is able to beare the calamities ofpriuate nmi^and 
ec.ery one cannot fu[>port the calamities of the Common-fT'calth , why 
Jlouldnoteuery one Jhiue to defend it f arid not {asyounoiv ^afonijhed 
Tt^ith donefti^jHC mil fortune ) for fake the common fa fty, and fall a 
cenfuringboth me that coimfelledthe-Warre and your f clues ^ that dc- 

g creed the fame a^s well a^s I. ^nd it is lyou are angry withall,one,a€ 1 
thinks my felfe ,inferiour to none, either in knoTi'ingwhat is rtijuifite. 
Grin expre/sing what I know ^and a loner of my rountre^.and /uf/erm 
to mon ey. For he that hath good thoughts , and cannot clecrcly cxprcffc 
thcm,'^ereas good to haue thought nothing at all. He that can do both ^ 
and is ill aJfi'Hcdtg his Countrey, fi'ill likewife not gim it faithfuU 
coun/ell. And he tha t t'lll doe that to j yet if he be fuperable by mony ^ 
Tl' ill for that alone J et alfthe reft to fale. I^ofj^ if you follo^^cd my ad~ 
nice in making thisTFarre, as ejleeming the/e yertucs to bee in mee, 
fomcH^at aboue the rejt.jhere is Jure no reafon IJhould no"^ be accu- 

Q Jed of doing you Throng. For though tojuch as haue it in their owne ele- 
Bion (being otherwijc in good ejlate ) it "^ere madnejfe to make choice 
ojWarre -yet yphen we ynuftofneccfsitie/tthergiuC^ay^andfolvith. 
out more adoe Jie fubieH to our ISleighbours ^or elfe fane our felues from 
■it by danger })e is more to be condemned that declineth the danger, then 
he thatfandeth to it. For mine Qt»nepartf am the man I was , attd 
oj the minde I was, but you are changed ^wonne to the Warre, when you 
li'ere entire but repenting it ^pon the dammage , and condemning my 
counfell,in the Ti^eakenejfe of your owne iudgement. The reafon of this 
isJ:>ecaufeyoufecle already euery one in particular^ that T^hich a^liBs 

Yy youjbut the cuidence of the profit to accrew to the Citie in generally 
you fee not yet. Andyour mindes deiecied ^fith the great and fudden 
alteratoin ^cannot conftantly maintaine what you haue before refolued. 
For that "^hich is jodaine and ynexpeEled , and contrary to Ti^hat 
one hath deliberated, enjlaueth the fpirit ; which by this dijeafe princi- 
pally ^m the neckc of the other incommodities , is now come to pajfe in 
you. 'But you that are borne in a great Citie,and ^yith cdiicationfute' 
able, how great feuer the ajfliciion be , ought not tofmnke at it, and 
eclipje your repuanon [formsn doe no Icjjc condemnc ihjle that 
throuih ccw.irdii^e hje the glory they hauj , then bate thoje that 

E through impudence ^arrogate the glory they haue not) but to jet afide 
thegriefoojyo'urpri'jatehjfes , and lay your bands to the common 


-^: ^ 

^TheHiJloiy of Thy c YD IDES, Lib.i. 

a/ety • .^ ^s for the toyle of the Warrey that it may jerhaps be long, A 
md we in the end nciier the r.eerer to the yiStorj-j though that may 
[uffceTuhich I bane demonflrfit:d at other times, touching ^our 
caiifelefejuf^ition that -^ay ; yet thit 1 will telljou moreoucr , toit- 
chino- the grcatneffe of jour meanes for dominion, which neither joit 
your (elues feeme to haue euer thought on, nor I touched in my for- 
incr Orations -^nor would I aljo hauejpokert it no"^ , but that J Jee 
your mindcs deie^ed more then there u cauje for . That t hough jou 
take your dominion to extend onely to your Confederates, 1 ajfirme 
that of the two parts of the worldofmamfeft<^Je , the Land and the 
Sea,you are of the one ofthcm,entire JMaftersjboth of as much of it, B 
iU you make a>fe of, and aljo ofcu much more asjon fhaU thinke fit 
yourjelues. Neither u there anjy King or Nation whatfoeuer, of 
thofeiFain'^ are'^ihat can imfe^your Nauigation,witb tbej'lect 
andflrength you nowgoe- So that you mufi not put the yfe of 
Houles,and Lands, ( wherein jfou now thinke your Jelues depriued 
of a mighty matter ) into the ballance witbfuch a power OJ this , nor 
take the lojfe oftbeje things heauily in rejj>e6l ofit-^ hut rather (et lit- 
tle by them.OJ but a light ornament and embeliifhrnent of wealth ^and 
thinke, that our libertie,as long <u we hold fafl that, wiH eajily reco- 
uer ynto rvs,thefe things againe -, •^cherecu fubieSled once to others^ C 
euen that which "^e poffefje befides will he diminifJ)ed. Shew not 
your fellies both wayes infer iour to your Anceflors , who not onely 
held thu C gotten by their owne labours, not left them) but haue alfo 
prefer tied, and deliuered the fame ynto ys, {For it is more di/honour 
to lofe what onepoffeffeth, then to mifcarrie in the acquifnion of it ) 
and encounter the enemie not onely with magnanimitie, but aljo with 
dijdaine: for a coward may haue a high minde, <-vpon a projperout 
ignorance,but he that u confident ypon iudgement to be fuperiour 
to hii enemy, doth alfo dijdaine bim^wbich is now our cafe. And cou- 
rage (^in e quail fortune ) it thefaferfor ourdifdaine of the enemy, ^ 
yphere a man knowes yehathe doth. For hetrufleth lejfe to hope, 
which is of force onely in <-uncertainties,andmore to iudgcment ypon 
certainties, 'Svherein there is a more fur e fore fight. Tom haue reajon 
be fides to ritaintaine the dignitie the Citie hath gotten for her Domi- 
nion, {in which you all triumph)and eithernot decline thepaines, or 
not aJfo pur (ue tie honour. yAnd yon mufl not thinke the queflion 
ii now of your liberty ^and jeruitude ontly i Be^des the lojfe of your 
rule otier others ^you mufl jland the danger you haue contrn^led, by 
offence giuen in the adminiflration of it . Nor can you noTif giue it 
. oiier ( tf any fearing at thit prefent,tbat that may come to pafie, en' E 
courage him f elf c with the intention of not to meddle hereafter ) for 
^ already 


^I he htjlory of 1' a v c y d i d e .<?. 


A (ilre.uyyour goumiment h in the nature of a ty r anny yTi>hkb i s hoth ^m 

iull forjQtl te takc\>l>^<t nd X'nfkfe to lay dolene. -{nd ftuh mtn d^lhTj 
Ihey coiiU per/iVadc othrs to it , or lined m a free C itie by themlfiuts , 
tpould quickly eucrthrow it. For the qujet life urn neutr be prejerued^ 
if it be not ran(^ed "^ith the aciiue life ; nor is it a life conductble to a 
Qtie that rei^nethyhutto afubiefl (^itie^that it may fafely ftrue . !Be 
net therfore J educed by this fort of men , nor angry Vithmt^ to- 
^<^(thcr ifith whom your [dues did decree this Warre, becauje the ette- 
my ifiuadin^ you hath done what ^M likely he Tifould , if you obeyed 
him not. And OrS for the fickenejfe (theonely thin^ that exceeded 

B the imagination of all men ) it f^AS ynkoked for , and I know you hate 
me fome^'hat the more for that^bnt 'Vniujlly^ njnlefje when any thin^ 
falleth out abnueyour expectation fortunate,you wili alfo dedicate Vn- 
to me that. Euils that comcfrom heauen^jounmjl: beare ^cejjarily^ 
and fuch a^proceedjfomyourenemies yaliantly yfor fo it hath beene 
the cufiome of this Citie to doe heretofore , which cufiome let it not bet 
your part to reuerfe : I\no'^in^ that this Qtie hath a great name 
amongft all people , for notyeelding to aduer/ity, and for the mighty 
power it yet hath ^after the expence offo many Hues , andfo much U- 
hourintheWarre-^ the memory "thereof , though we pould noTi> at 

Q length mifcarry (for all things are made with this La'^^Xo decay 
agatne)VtU remaine Tfith pofierity for enen. HoStf that being Grc- 
cnns, mofl of the Grecians iB»^r^ ourfuhieBs {That fife haueabidden 
thegreatefl Warres againfl themfboth ynintrfaUy and flngly , And 
haue inhabited the greateji and "kealthiefl Qtie ^ X^oT^ this, 
hee Vuh the quiet life "^ill condemns ^ the aBiue man T^ill amuUte, 
and they that haue not attained to the like, tfiH enuy. But to be hate J, 
and todifj^lcafe, is a thing that happenethfor the time tolvhofoeuer hee 
he that hath the command of others i and he does well that yndergoeth 
hatred,for matters of great confequence. For the hatred lajleth not, 

D and is recompenced both tfith a prefentjplender^and an immortaU glo- 
ry hereafter. Seingthen you for efee both what is honour able for the fu- 
ture, and not difJwnourable Jor theprefent^ procure both the one, and 
the other by your courage no"^. Send no more Heraulds to the Lace- 
daemonians , nor let them knol? that the euill prefent does any 
wayaffliclyou -^ for they whofe mindesleaflfeele , and t);hofe anions 
mojl oppofe a calamity Jboth amongjl States , and priuate perfins art 

In this Ipecchdid Pericles cndcauour to appeafc the an 
E ger of the Athenians towards himfclfe,and wichali to with- 
draw their thoughts from the prcfent afflii^ionj But 
0^2. :hcy, 


The Hifloryof Thvcydides. 


TeruUi fined i 
of money. 

A&m at the grcstcd in 
the time c?7<);c/f5. 

The death oiPcrkla, 
' ?\\ii3ichfa)es,btifyed ef 



they, though for che State in generall,they were woiijand A 
Tent to the Lacdmonians no more, but rather endined to 
the Warre,) et they were euery one in particular , grieued 
for their kuerall loiles. The poorc, bccaufe entring the 
Warre with iittle,they loft that little , and the rich, bc- 
caule they had loll faire poflefsions, together with good- 
ly houfes,and collly furniture in them , in the Countrey j 
but the greateft matter of all was, that they had Warre 
in ftead of Peace. And altogether, they depofed not their 
anger,till they had firft fined him in a liimme of money. 
Neuertheleile, not long after, ( as is the fafhion of the B 
multitude ) they made him Generall againe,and commit- 
ted the whole State to his admin if Iration. For the fenle 
of their domeilique lolTes was now dulled, and for the need 
of the Coinmon-wcalth, they priTed him more then any 
other whatfoeuer. For as long as he was in authority 
in the Citie,in time of Peace, he gouerncd the fame with 
moderation, and was a faithful! watchman of it,and in his 
, time it was at the greateft. And after the Warre was on 
foot,itismanifcll that he therein alio fore- law what it 
could doe. Hec liued after the Warre began, two yeeres C 
and fixe moneths And his forefight in the Warre was 
bcft knowne after hi^ ^ death. For he told them, that if 
they would be quiet,and lookc to their Nauy, and during 
this Warre, iceke no further dominion, nor hazzard the 
(^iitie it ielfe, they fhould then haue the vpper hand. But 
they did contrary in all,ahd in fuch other things befidcs, 
as leemed not to conccrne the Warre, managed the State, 
according to their priuatc ambition and couetoufnefle,per- 
nitioufly both for themfelues, and their Confederates. 
What lucceeded well, the honour and profit of it, came D 
moft to priuate men ^ and what mifcarried , was to the 
Ciities detriment in the Warre. The reafon whereof was 
this,that being a man of great power ,both for his dignity 
and wildome,^ for bribes,manifeftly the moft incorrupt, 
he freely controuled the multitude, and was not fo much 
d«d by them,as he led them. Becaufc ( hauing gotten his 
power by no euill Artes) he would not humour them ih 
his fpeeches, but out of his authority, durft anger them 
With contradiction. Therefore whenlbcuer he faw them 
btlt of feafon ijifolentiy bold ; he would with his Orations E 
put them intaa fearc,and againe when they were afraM 


Lib. 2. The Hifiory o/Tr v c y d i d e s. 


A wkhout rcafon,he would likevvife erect their fpirics, and 
imbolden them. It was in liamc a Stita DemocraticAil, but 
in htt, A s,ouerprneiit of the principAH Mm. But they that 
came afcer,being more equall amongll themlelues, and af- 
fecftingeueryoneto be the chiefe, appl)ed themfelues to 
the people,and let goc the care of the Common-wealth. 
From whence, amongfl many other crrours, as was like- 
ly in a great and dominant Citie,proceeded alfo the vo)'age 
into Sicily, vvhidl was not fo much vpon miilaking thofe 
whom they went againll^as for want of knowledge in i\\t 

B fenders , of what was neceflary for thofe that ivcnt the; 
voyage. For through priuate quarrels about, whbiliould 
beare the greatefi: fway with the people, they both abated 
the vigour of the Armic, and then alfo firfl troubled the! 
State at home with diuifion. Being ouerthrowni'fn Sici- 
ly^ and hauing loft,' bcfides other ammunition, thHgreateft i 
part of their Nauyjand theCitie being then in fedkion,ycc 
they held out 5 yecres , both againft 'their firft' enemies, 
and the Siciliam with them ^and ag.iin(t liioll of rheir i-euol-, 
ted Confederates befides, and alfo afterwards agarnft-Q-rw 

C the Kings {onne,who tookc part with , and fe,nn^onpv to 
the ^ihponnelians, to main'taine their Fleet ;',aild iicl!i'er 
fhrunke till they had ouerthrowne thebifel'ues with pii- 
uatc diirentions.''"So mtich was in (PcriT /^j' abo& other 
men at that time,that he could forefeeby what nl'eanesthe 
Cicic mi 

Cicic might eafily haue out-lafted the felopnneftanHhthis 



The Laced<emonims and theiiHGpnfeSerkes- made* Warrb 
the fanie Summer with ioo^Gallies,ia^aiHft^;Vc7^'r;;^f, an; 
Hand lying ouer againft £fe. The Inhabitants -whercofj 

D were a Colony of the \yick4ans<i^^elopdnn^w)DUt(^xi'^cdQ- 
ratesof the /)^op/?o/^?/;mj.-' There we^nt in this Fleet, 
looomenof Armes, and Cncmns a SpAri'an for Admirall, 
who landing, wafted the greateft part of the Territory.! 
Butchej' of thcliandnot yeelding,they put off againe^arid 
wenthome.' ■'•■'■• ' \' , •ia->--' ■-,.•;'.:• 

In the end of the iame Summer,"i^r//?^V'Of Corinth, \ arid; 
Anarijhii, Nicoiaw, Prat'odemu^^ 'aiid Tiff^^fofW of 7>]>fi«^^ Am-i 
baiVadours of thitLaced^njoniam, and'Ppis'Of ^^^oifd pd-i 
uate manias they were trauelling into .l/rV^O' the- fe^-, toi 

E get inoBy of hina,and to drawhim into their league;tookei 

Tbrace in their- v(^j»V sOid'iMii'Viko'Siialces fhcfohnc of 

■ -n ™ T^i 


. 5 

The ticediemtHistis'^iit^ 

againft Zacyn(hiis.[^'-'^'"'' \ 

Zantei ■ '•• '•" 


The tecediemonm Ambau 
faJors taken by ihcAibc- 
ttitin Ambaffadorsin 
Thmcc and went Co 



The Hi/lorjofTMy CYDiD E s. Lib. 2. 

' A vilt t!icfSidacus,ri> 
puifit tbi AthenisBf, ie- 
CMJi ihty htdmtJt kin (ru 
tftht'sr Cuit. 

Tli« ^thaiatfni them 

' eKxgJtfJhips tftht rsttni 
f»fmc efhHiUmg ifor the 
vftffMrcbents, rftftr th 
vft ofii'arrCitu wert GtBiis, 
ffrmcfb-tiUim. - 

the ^mhisciitti w«tre 


T. res, with, a d'jiirc to get him alfo, if rhey could , to for- A 
lake the league with Athens, and to fend his forces to To- | 
;/i.t%f,\vhich the Mhenian Army now befieged , and not to 
aide the >^./jif.'.7>i J any longer : and witha 11 to get leaue to 
palls through his Countrcy to the other fide of Hellejpont, 
to goCjas they intended, to Pbarnah^^^, the lonne of Fbar- 
tjiices, who would conuoy them to the K/k^. But the Am- ■ 
baffadours of Athens , Learchwy the ibnne of Caliiwadw, and 
JimeinUdes the fonnc of Philemon , then refidenc with Sital- 
c!s, pcrfwaded Sadocw the fonnc of Sitalces, who was now 
a Citizenof i4?/;^Mj,to put them into their hands, that they B 
might not goc to the King , and doe hurt to the Citie, 
whereof hee himfelfe was now a member. Whereunto 
condifcending, as they iourneycd thorow Tbrace , to take 
fiiip to crofl'c the Hcile(pi}nt* he apprehended them before 
they got to the fhip,by fuch others as he fent along with Amsiniadei, with command to deliucr them in- 
to their hands ; And they , when they had them, fenc 
them away to Athens. When they came thither,the Atheni- 
ans fearing Ariflaui,\c^ cfcaping, he fhould doc them fur- 
ther mifchiefc, (for he was manifeftly the authour of all Q 
thebufmcfle of ^otid^a , and about Thrace ) the fame 
day put them all to death , vniudged , and dcfirous to 
hauc fpokcnjand threw them into the Pits, thinking it but 
iuft,to take rcucnge of the Laced<€momans that began ic,and 
had flaine and thrownc into Pits, the Merchants of the A- 
thenians, and their Confederates, whom they tookc fay ling 
in * Merchants fliips,about the Coatl oi Peloponne/pu. For 
in the beginning of the Warrc, the Laceddmonians flew, as 
enemies, whomfoeuer they tooke at Sea, whether Confe- 
derates of the Athenians pr neutrall,all alike. D 

About the fame time, in the end of Summer, the 
^mhracioHs , both they them felucs, znddlucn Barhrian 
Nations by them raifeci, made Wane againfl ^r^os oiAm- 
philochifi, and againfl; the red of that Territory. The quar- 
rell betwccnc them and thc^r£ineSi3.rok firfl fromhence. 
This yArgos and the reft of Amphihcbia , was planted by 
jy^mpbilochiu the [onnz of Amphiratu, ikcr thcTroianWarre ; 
who^alhis rcturnc^mifliking the then State of ^rfo;,built 
this Citie In the Gujfcof ^»»^Mr/«, •and<:allcd it ^r^oj, af- 
ter the. name of his.ownc CJountrcy . And it was the grca- E 
ted i^ie,and had the moft ,w;ealthy Inhabitants of all ^w^ 
,..', pbilochJA. 

Lib. 2, ^1 he Htjhry of T h v c y d i d e s. 


A pbilocbia. But many generations after, being fallen into mi 
Icry, they communicated tlicir Citic with the Ayihracioia 
bordering vpon Jmphilochia. And then they firil learned 
the GrfiAt.' language now vied, fromt\\cj',nbrac,oes, that 
jiucd among them.Tor the rcll of the ^mphilochiuis.'wcrc 
Barbaiians. Now the J^mbraciotcs in proceire of time,draue 
out the y^ •^i//^;.and held the Citie by thcmfelues. Where, 
upon the Miphilocbhins fubmittcd thcmfelues to the ^- 

r,7.v,and both together called in the Atha 


fcnt 30 G-iUies to their aide , and ^bormio for Gcnerall. 

B Phormio being arriued^tooke jirgos by aflault , and making 
iLuesof the /^rrf/'Maofifi, put the Towne into the ioynt 
poflefbions of the Atnphilochians and Acarnanians ; and this 
was the beginning of the League betweene the Mhsnians 
and A:arnanhtns. The Ambraciotes therefore dcriuing their 
hatred to the Argims from this their captiuity , came in 
with an Armie partly of their owne, and partly raifed a- 
mongll; the Chaonians, and other neighbouring Barbarians 
now in this Warre. And commingto Argos,were maders 
of the field; but when they could not take the Citie by 

C airault,they returned, and disbanding, went euery Nation 
to his owne. Thefe were the Afts of the,Summer. 

In the beginning o^ Winter, the ^thenims ^ent zo Gal- 
lies about Tcloponne(m,\ndcr the command of ^./janw/0,who 
conmiing to lie at * ^^aupa6tu■!, guarded the paflage that 
none might goe in , or out , from Qorinth, and the Criff^an 
■Gulfe. And other 6 Gallies , vnder the Conduct of Al^/^- 
fnndi}\thty lent into C^r/^/and Lyciay as well to gather tri- 
bute in thofe parts , as alfo to hinder the PeloponnsfJan Pi- 
rates, lying on thofe Coalts,from molcfling the Nauigati- 

D on of llich * Merchant-fhips as they expected to come to 
them from Phajelu^PhoenicU^ind that part of the Continent. 
But .y\4cb(ar%der landing in Lycia, with fuch forces of the 
Athen'hins and their Confederates , as he had aboard, was 
ouercome in battaile,and flaine, with the lofle of a part of 
his Army. 

The fame Winter,thc Potid^.tns vnable any longer to 
endure the fiege, feeing the inuafion of Attica by the 'T^/o- 
ponr,.:(: an s, could not make them rife, and feeing their vidtu- 
all failed,andthat they were forced, amongft diuers other 

E things done by them,for necefsity of food,to eatc one ano- 
ther , propounded at length to Xenophon the fonne of 


The end of the fccond 

* Lepti^to, 




TheHi/loryofTnvcYtiDUs, Lih.i 

37J000, pound fttrling. 

The Third 


The Cege of P^J.Vi. 

TheT/a/rfwJ fpecch to 


\ Euribcdcs , HcfliodorHSj the Ibnne oi' ^ripodicUs , and 'Ikmo- A 
nntchus, the Ibnncof CalinmchHs, the ^thenim Commanders 
chat lay before the Citie^to glue the lame into their hands. 
And they, feeing both that the Armie was ah-cady affli- 
ticd by lying in that cold place, and that the State had 
already Ijpent ^ 2000. Talents vpon the Siege,accepted of 
it. The conditions agreed on, were thefe : To depart^ they 
ami their Wines and Children, and their auxiliar Sonldlers ^euery mart 
with Qriefute of doathes ^ ami euery lifoman Ttith two-, arid to take 
li)ith them euery one a certainefumme of money for his d:ar^cs by the 
Ti^ay. Hereupon a Truce was granted them to depart . and B 
they went, lome to the Chalddeans, and others toother pla- 
ces, as they could get to. But the people of /tSens called 
the Commanders in queilion, for compounding without 
them ; conceiuing that they might haue gotten the Citic 
todifcrecion. And lent afterwards a Colonic to '"lotldxa 
oftheirowne Citizens. Thcle were the things done in 
this Winter. And fo ended the fecond yeere of this War, 
written by Thucydides, 

The next Summer, the ^eloponneJta?is and their Confe- 
derates came not into Attica^ but turned their Armes a- C 
^RindTlattea, led by ^rchidamus the fonnc of Zeuxidamm, 
King of the Laced^mo/uans ywho hauing pitched his Campe 
wasabouc to wade the Territory thereof. But the Tla- 
t^ans fent Ambafladours prefently vnto him, with words 
to this eSeCt .- Archidamus, atid you Lacedemonians, 
you doe neither ittjlly J nor "Worthy your felues and ^A nee flour Sj in ma- 
king Warre rvpon Plat^a. For Paufanias o/Lacedemon, the 
fonne of Cleombrotus, hauing {together "fi^ith fuch Grecians as 
I were content to yndergoe the danger of the battell that ypas fought in 
this our Territory) deliuered all Greece from the flauery of the D 
Perfians,^;^^ hee offered Sacrifice in the Market place of ^\ztx3., 
tolupkerthedeliuerer, called together all the (Confederates, and 
granted to the Vhtxuns this primledge ^Thdt their Citie and 
Territory fhould bee free : That none fhould make any 
vniull VVarre againfl: them, nor goe about to fubiedt 
them ; and if any did,the Confederated then prefent.fhould 
to their vtmoll ability , reuenge their quarell. The/e 
priuiledgcsyour Fathers granted ys for ournjalour^and :^aleinthofe 
dangers. 'But now doe you the cleane contrary ; for you ioyne l^ith our 
greatejl enemies j the Thebans, to bring ys intojuhieElion. There- E 
fore calling to Tt^itnefje the Gods then/worne by, and the Cods both of 
______ jour 

Lib.z. The Hijlory ofT hvctdIdes. 


Ayouran4Qti'>'Comtrg,^>ereqMr(yQU^thatyou dat nodanmage to the 
Territory o/Plata;a,;iw* Vtolc^e thttfe Gather ^ hit that ygufuj^ernjs 
toenioyoiir libertie in fuck fort (i^y^t^.aUowed^vshy Paufanfas. 

The ''TlatMns hauing thus faid, ArchidamMjtplyaiy and 
j&id thus.. Men vfj^h tfl^a , If yon liquid doc ds ye fay, you fayftha t 
is iuft . For Hi Pau fani a s hath granted to yoit, fo aijo be£ you -free . 
andhelpe to Jet free the rt/i, y>?h9.hAuing heene partakers of 'the fame 
dangers then, and hdngcomprk^iinthe fame oathypith yot()*f elites^ 
are now brought Into fubie^ionh^ the Athenians. 'i4«c/ this Jo great 
preparation and Warre is o)ilyf(ir thkdeliueraneeiifthem, andothtrs: 

B ofTifhich if you will ejpecially participate, keepeyour odthes^at kaji (as 
l»ehaue alfo aduifed you formerly) he\qmtj andenioy your owne, in 
neutrality j receiuing both fides in the way GffnmdJ}jip,neither fide in 
thcsoay of faElion. Thus iiid Archidamm . Andthe Ambafla- 
doursof P/rff^fd, when rheyhad heard, him returned to the 
Gtie, and hauing communicated his anfwer to the peo- 
ple, brought word againe to ^rchidamw. That what^hee had 
adiiifedj^a^ impofsible for them t6 performe^ "^tthout leaue of the 
A^thQuitiTlSjin'Sipkofe keepingfifere their T^tues 0nd children), and 
that they feared alfo ^ for the whole Citie, lejl ^hen the Laced^mo- 

Q nuns were gone, the Athenhnspouldcovi^'andijake the cu/iody 
of it out of their hands ; or that the ThcbsLlls comprehended in the 
oath of receiuing both fides ^Jhould againe attempt tikjurpri^ it. -But 
>ircfcr^<?w»f to encourage them, made this anfwer: Deliuer 
you <vnto ys Lac€dat.moniai1s,j/o«r Qtie mdipurhotfes^JheT^ Vs 
the hounds of your Territory, gtue <v-syour trees by tale, and '^hatfo- 
euer elfe can be niimbred^and departyourfelues Ti?.hithe'ryouJhall thtnk 
good, as long as the War re lafieth,' and lnhenit Jhdl be ended, we T»ill 
deliuer it all <i;ntoyou againe ■- in the jneans time, we Ti^tll keepe them 
as deppfited^ and will cultiuateyourgroiind, 4ndlpay:y(m .rent. for. it, 

J) as much as p7attfuffice for ymr maintenance. > < ^-iiJ, .-. 'uAi. 
Hereupon the Ambafladourswenc agaiiic into the Ci- 
ty, and hauing conflicted with thcpelbpie, made anfwer, 
That they ^'i>ouldfirfiac({uainilihe\S.t\Km2ins with it, and if they 
would confent.tbg Ti^ould the accept the condition- till then, they defired 
afufpenfion oj armes,and not tohaut their Territory wafted. Vpon 
this he granted them fo manV daycs truce as was rcquifite 
for their returne, and for fo long, forborerto waflc their 
Territory. When the^P/df^edn Ambafladours were arri- 
ued at Athens, ind had aduifcd on the mattet with the Jihe- 

E ntans, they retuimed to the City with this anfwer .- T}?e A- 
thenians7Q> thu^: That neither in former times, fince wee were 

^ their 

The Anfwer nfAnhiit- 
CT,'« to the TUtKans. 

The reply of the Pijw«)j. 

The anrwcr o^Archtda- 
mm to their reply. 

The PkUdns reply again, 
and dclire to know the 
pleafure of tJie people of 

l\\e Athenimi meflage to 
the I'laitam, 


The Hiftory 0/ T fi v c y d i d e s . Lib . 2. 

The TUneuii lafl anfw er 
to Auhidtmuiiiamt'tiz 

UichUmtu pToieft»tion. 

A mount raifcd againft 

The P/i//fliiraifc their 
Wall higher againft the 
mount, by a frame of 
Timber, in which they 
layed their Brickei. 

thttr£o^tderatt^ did- 1% ^u^tAkandon ys io.llii tn'mms of any^ A 
norVilfthey now 7tegk(iyi, Kkt'^k^A^ithetr'VtmoJlafi'tftanct.And 
they coniure yshy the^9dthif^f\lithtU:, n9tT& wMe ai^ dlieHation 

When the Ambafladotfrs- had mddcVihis report; ^thc 
Tlatttans refolued, in their €OUi)celsJ noc to betray the Ath- 
n//o»j, but rather tocndupciivi^ir^muftbcc, the walling of 
their Territory before th^iirey^^, and cofoffer whatfo^cr 
mi fery could beiali thertV^ sriiiiTO more to ^e forth , but 
from the Wailej. to rriak^C this Anfwer : That it Hf at 
impofiihle for themtOi^dqe as the./Lzccdxmonizns had re^utred. B 
Wheirthey k^d 'AniWcrc^ fo-Archidamm the King, firll 
made aproteftation totheCjods and Heroes of the Coun- 
trey, faying thus ; Jllye Gods and Heroes ;, f rote fiors of ^htxis^ 
bee if'ttneffes ^ that TfHt ne'tthef iMde thisTerritory ^T^herein our Fa- 
thers, after their Denizes 'i'ntoym, duettame the Medcs, and which 
you mdde^ro^itiom fot the Grecians tofi^ht in^ njninflly nolt> in the 
beginning j becaufe thty hauefr/i btoken the League they hadfworne : 
nor what wee Jhall further doe Will hei any iniury^ becaufe, though we 
haue offered many mdreafonable conditions ^they haue yet heene all 
refufed. Affent^ alfo to the punifhment of the beginners ofiniitry^ Q 
and to the reuengt^fthofe that bear e law full armes. 

Hauing mad© tiiis proteffetion to the Gods, hce made 
ready his Armic for the Warre. And firft hauing felled 
Trccs;hc thcrcwitferaadc a Palizado about the Towne, 
that none might goc out. That done, he taifed a Mount 
againtl the Wall, hoping with fo great an Armic all at 
worke at once, tohaucqiiickly taken it. And hauing cut 
downc Wood in x.]xc\lt^\\iCUhdYon,^ tbpy built a Frartiii of 
Timber, and watliBditVaboijcon either fide, ' to ferlie in 
(lead of Walles,to keepc theEarth from falling too much D 
away, and caft into it (toncSj land earth, and whatlbeuer 
elfe would feructofiil it vp.' 70. dayes and nights conti- 
nually they powred on, diuiding the worke becweene 
themffor reft in fuch manner, as^fome might bee carrying, 
whileftothers tooke their fleepe and foode. And they 
wercvrged to labour, by the Lacedamonians that comman- 
ded the Mercenaries of ch« feuerall Cities, and had the 
charge of the worke. ThePlat^ans feeing the Mount to 
rife, made the frame of a Wall with Wood, which ha- 
uing placed on the Wall of the Citic, in the place where E 
the Mount touched, they built it within full of Brickes, 


Lib.2. The Hijlory of Tny cHDi -DE s. 


A taken from cheadloyning Houfes, for that purpofc dcino- 
lifhed, the Timber icruing to bindc them together, ciut 
the building might not bee wcakned by the height. The 
fame was alfo couercd with Hides and Quilts, both to 
kecpc the Timber from fhot of Wilde-fire^ and thofe chat 
wrought, from danger. So that the height of the Wall 
was great on one fide, and tlie Mount went vp as fall on 
the other. The Plauans vied alio this deuice j they brake 
a hole in their ownc Wall, where the Mount ioyiicd, and 
drew the earth from it into the Citie. But the ^Pdoponae- 

B fiMs^ when they found it out, tooke clay, and therewith 
daubing Hurdles of.R-ceds, Call the fame into the chinkc, 
which mouldring not,as did the earth,they could not draw 
it away. The Plat^ans excluded heere, gauc ouer that 
Plot, and digging a fecret mine, which they carried viuicr 
the mount from within the Citie by conie^fture, fetched 
away the earth againe, and were a long time yndifcouered^ 
fo that dill calling onjthc Mount grew Hill Icllc.the carih 
being drawne away below, and fettling ouer the part 
where it was voyded. The plauam ncuerrhclelfe,feanng 

C that they fhould no: be able euen thus to hold out,beeing 
few agalnft many, deuifed this further : they gaue ouer 
working at the high Wall, againft the Mount, and be- 
ginning at both ends of it, where the Wall waslow, built 
another Wall in forme of a Crefcent, inward to the Citie, 
that if the great Wall were taken, this might refirt, and 
put the Enemy to make another Mount; and by comming 
further in, to bee at double paines, and withali, more en- 
compalTable with (hot. The Peloponnefiam, together with 
the raifing of their Mount, brought to the Citie their En- 

E) gincs of battery ^ one of which, oy helpe of the Mount, 
they applycd to the high Wall , wherewith they much 
fhooke it, and put the plauans into great feare 5 and others 
to other parts of the Wall, which the plauans partly tur- 
ned afide,by calling Ropes about them, and partly with 
great beames, which being hung in long iron chaines, by 
cither end vpon two other great beames, letting ouer, and 
enclining from aboue the Wall, like two homes, they 
drew vp to them athwart, and where the Engine was a 
bout to light, flacking the chaines, and letting their hands 

E goe, they let fall with violence, to breake the beakc of 

it. After this, the p^/o^o/iw^^4«i feeing their Engines a- 

R, 2. uailed 

draw ihe earrh Iromthc 
Mount thorow ilie Wall.' 
Tlic PtliipcitnijlJiit setucif 

The P!aUM!fe'C(\\ the 
cnrth away from vnder 
the Mouui by a Mine, 

thcc Wall witliiii that 
which waj ca the Mount, 

The Ptltpomejum aflauj, 
the W»U with Engine*, 

The VUUiHs defence 
againfahc Engines, 


TheHiflmyif^Ji-<^ctBiVt5._ Lib.^. 

The VilefonKcfuJli ilircr 
Fjggo'is and fitc into tin 
Townc.t'rom the Mount 

A great Fire 

1h the heimm* «/"Sep- 

uailed not, arid thinking it ffard to'cafc'cthe Cfty/'hy my 'A 
prefcnt \'ioknce,\prepared thcmfelucs to^ bcfiege'^it. ' But 
firrt they thpUgfrt' fit to iattdTipt it hf fii^c, beiilg no great 
Citie^ afid whe» tftc Wihd'fliould rife, if they- bqil Id, to 
burhc it. For thcFe wis ri6 'way they did not thirilc^ on, to 
hiiuc gained it without-exppice and long lieget '"Hauing 
therefore b'^duf^ Faggot's," they cift thcin' fk>"pi the 
Mount, ititotlieTpacc bctwecneit and their neWWall, 
which by fo m^hy harfd$\^^ai^'quickiy filled ; ahd'thcn in- 
to as muehdf the reit of tneCitie, as at'that cjirtance they 
coiild reach r and-" throwing amongft them fire, together B 
with Brimilbfie and Pitdh, Jcindied the Wood, and railed 
fiich a flame,as the tiA;e wasneuer fecnsbefore,rnadeby the 
hand of man. For as for the Woods in the Mou^t?ines, the 
trees haue indeed taken fire,biit it hath bin by miituall at- 
trition, and haiie-flamedbut of their own accord. But this 
fire was a great one, and the Plnt^ms thzt had . efcaped o- 
ther-mifchiefes, wanted little of being confumed by this. 
For neeretheWall they could not get by a great way: 
and if the Wiiid had beene with it ['as the enemy hoped 
it might) tbey:CDiald nduer haue efcapcd. It is alifb repor- Q 
ted, that thb're Fell much rairie then, with great Thunder, 
and that the flame was cxtitiguifhed, and the danger cea- 
fedbiytlWt. i^heTdoponng/ians, when they failed like- 
wirfc of this, retayninga part of their Armie, and difmif- 
fing the reit, encloled thb Gitie about with a Wall ; diui- 
ding the circumference thcrcbfto the charge of the fcue- 
rall Cities. There was a Ditch both within ar^d >vithout 
it. out of which they made their Brickts ; and aft^r it was 
finifhed, which wasaboiit the * nirnv; of ^y^rBurm, they 
left a guard for one halfe of the Wall, (for the other was D 
guarded by the Boeotians) and departed with the reft of 
their Armie, and were diflblued according to their Cities. 
The platxans had before this, fent their Wiucs and Chil- 
dren, and all their vnferuiceablc men to Athens. The reft 
wcrebefieged, beeing in number, of the plauMs them- 
felues, 400. of jtheniam , 80. and 100 Women to drelTc 
their meate. Thefe were all when the Siege was firft 
laid, and not one more, neither free nor bond in the Citie. 
In this manner was the Citie befiegcd. ' 

The fame Summer, at the fame time that this Ipurney E 
was made zgnlnilTiataa, the Athenians with 2000. men of 

_. Armes - 

Li b, X. ^.hediijhrj o/i'T h v c y d i d 6 s . 

A Armes of their owne Citic, land ioo. .Horleiiien, mad^ 
\V5rr6 vpon S-\^^0)ak*deAns' ^^- T/)r<ice,- and th&BottixMs, 
when the Corne was'iic'd!^<2-bj^heli,vhder the condudt of 
Xent>pboh the ionw^jQ^^^urypid^s; and two others. Thefe 
comming befoi'ev?|)^r^(7/«iiilif ^of^/*e),<Jcftroyed the C'orne, 
5ccxpetted tilKitth-e ToWn'fPioiild haue bin rendred by the 
pra:^ti!ce of ibme within. Biic fuch as would noj:: luuc: it. 
fo;ha4jihg fcnt fbra'id co GJi^nthw before.,thcre came into the 
i'.kk tor fafegard thereof,al fupply bothof men of Amies, 
and other Sduldiers from thence. And thefe itliiing forth 

B- of <sy.zri0k^,th«^//;^»M«/pirtthcmfeluesIntoordecof Bat- 
tel! yixler the Towne it lelfe. The men of Arraes of the 
Ohtl^iti'cnm, aiid certaineauxiliaries with them, were ouer- 
coni? by the Atbinians^ and retired within Spdrtoln^. And 
the Horiemen of Uhe Chalcideans , ^tid their Hghc-armsd i;^ ^ 
SouUiers, ouercame the Horfcmen, and light- armed of ' 
t!ie Ithenicms; but they had fome few Targettier s befides, 
of the Territory called Cbrufu. When the Battel! was 
nowbegun,cameafupply of other Targettiers from 0~ 
lyntinu ,- which the light artned Sou Idiers of Sp^-tolm per- 

C ceiuing, emboldned both by this addition of ftfength, and 
alfoashaulng had the b<3tter before,- with the Chalcidean 
Horfe, and this new fupply, charged the Athenians afrefh. 
The ^^/;:?wm.j h-eereupon retired to two companies they 
had left with the Carriage's 5 and z^okzstht^yitheniMi 
charged, the Q)Alcidems retired ; and w;hen the AtheniAns 
retired, the Qjalcideans charged them with their fhot. E- 
fpeciaily the Chalcidean Horiemen rode vp, and charging 
them where they thought fit, forcedthe^^/;-«f:i;25 in ex- 
treme affright, to turne their backes, and chafed them a 

D great way. The Athenians fled to potid^a, and hauing af- 
terwards fetched away the bodies of their dead vpon truce, 
returned with the remainder of their Armie, to Athens^ 
Fou re hundred and thirty men they ioftj and their chiefe' 
Commanders all three. And tho {'halcideans and Bottiicans,. 
when they had fet vp a Trophic, ahd taken vp their dead 
bodies, disbanded and wenceuery one to his Citie. 

Not long after this, the lame Surn'mej", th<:'jtynbraciotes 
and C/A-rowMttj^defiring to fubdue all Acarnania, and to make 
it reuolt from the Jihemms, perfwaded the Lacedemonians 

E to make ready a Fleet out 'of the Confederate Cities, and 
to fend IOO 3. menof Armes into Ac'ctmania; faying, that 



he Atbcyiiim fen.l an 
iitiie againft the ChaUi- 

The Atheniim foughten 
with by the Lhsliia.anii' 

And ouerchtowne, with 
the lode of J. Comuijn- 

The Ambracktei invade 
Acainmt/i, tD'^cthct with 
the Lactdnn.omm. 


TheHifloryof TnycY DID b:s\ Lib.i. 


The Atmie of ihe ,4m- 
hracitlts and their Con- 

They goe toward Slratut. 
Strattu the greiteft Citie 

if they aydcd them both with a Fleet, and a Land Arniie A 
at once, the ^Acarnnnians of the Sea-coll being thereby dif- 
abled to alsill the reft, hauing eafily gained Acamani(i,thcy 
might be Mafters afterward both of Zacyntbw and Ctptalo- 
nUi and the Athenians hereafter lefle able to make their voy- 
ages about Pehpomefiu 5 and that there was a hopcbefides 
to tike JsJaupaBus. The PeloponnejiAm aflenting, fent thi- 
ther Qiemm, who was yet Admirall, with his men of 
Armes, in a few Gallies immediately ; and withali icnt 
word to the Cities about, as foone as their Gallies were 
ready, to fayle with all fpced to leuccu. Now the Qorin- B 
thians were very zealous in the behalfc of the ^mbradotesy 
as being their owne Colony. And the Gallies which 
were to goc from Corinth , t;icyomai and that part of the 
Coaft, were now making ready ; and thofe of the Leucadi- 
arts, ^na6lorianS} and j^mbrncmesj were arriucd before, and 
ftayed at Leuccu for their comming. QiemM and his i cod- 
men of Armes, when they had croiTed the Sea vndifcry ed 
ofphormio, who commanded thezo. Athenian Gallies that 
kept watch at mupaflw, prefently prepared for the War 
by Land. He had in his Army, of Grecians, the Jlmbraci- C 
Gtss, Leucndians, ^naBorianSy and the thoufand Pehponne/i- 
/iwihebrought with him ; znd of Barbarians y a- thoufand 
Qhaoniansy who haue no King, but were led by pbotius and 
/s^zV4»or, which two being of the Families eligible had 
nowtheannuallgouernment. With the Qhaonians came 
alfo the Thej^rotiam, they alfo without a King. The SHo- 
lopam, and Amitanians were led by Sabylinthw, protedior of 
Thantps their King, who was yet in minority. The Para- 
ueans were led by their King Or^dm j and vndcr Orccdm, 
ferued likcwife, by permifsion of Antioclm their King, a D 
thoufand Oreflians- Alfo ^erdicccu fent thither , vn- 
knowne to the Athenians, a thoufand Macedonians ; but thcle 
laft were not yet arriued. With this Armie began Cnemm 
to march, without (laying for the Fleet from Qorinth. 
And pafslng through Argia, they dcflroyed Limn^ea, a 
Townevnwallcd. From thence they marched towards 
Stratus, the greztefiCkk of Acarnania i conceiuing that if 
they could take this firft, the reft would come cafily in. 
The Acarnanians feeing a great Army by Land was entred 
their Countrey already, and expediing the enemy alfo by E 
Sca,ioynednottofuccour5/r4/w, but guarded euery one 



ne Hijlory (?/ T h v c y d i d e s. 


A his owne,-and fent foraydetoT^^yrw/^). But he anfwercd 
them, thacfmcc there was a Fleet to bee fee forth from 
/9'^/'»r/i5 he could not leaue JsJaupa^w without a guard. 
Tb^i^MitponhafidtismA their Confederates, with their Ar- 
inicidiiiidcd incotliroc,. marched or towards the Citic of 
the i5i«flG"ii«jytolchaDfentLchat being encamped iieerc it, if 
they yeelded not on parley, they might prefently allault 
the WailosliSo'thw wftnc oupche Cbaomam and other 
BArharhtxiMtbcviiice^t"^ the LeMcadiam y aiid ^na^oriansy 
and faeh oriicrs is Were with chcfc, on die right h^nd ^ 

B ^ndCneniiUy with the Teloponnefians and ^mhraciotes on the 
left ; each Armie at great didance, and Ibmetimes out of 
fight one of another. The Grecims in their march, kept 
their order, and went warily on, till they had gotten a 
conuenient place lo encampc in . But the Qhaomam confi- 
dent of thcmfelues, and by the inhabitants of that Conti- 
nent accounted moft warlike, had not the patience to take 
in any ground for aCampe, but carried furioufly on» toge- 
ther with the reft of the Barbariansjth.ough.t to hauc taken 
the Towne by their clamour j andtohauethe Adrion a- 

Q fcribodon^iy totficrnfclueiv But they of 5*r4f«j, aware of 
this^ whiiilt they were yet in cheir. way, and imagining,if 
liiey couldouercdaaxc thefe, thus: dcmded from the other 
two Armies, thzithc Grecians alfo would be the ieflc for- 
wardttojcome on, placed diuers Ambiifhes no; farre from 
tfoeGtIfc!,,aiid when the enemies approached, fell vpon 
them, ix)th-fromithe Citic, and from the A.mbufhes at 
once, andputting them into affright, flew many of the 
Chaomans\fon the place • And the reft of the Barharims 
feeing thcfeto fhrinke, ftaid no longer, but fled outright. 
D Neither of the Gndaa Armies had knowledge of this 
Skirmifh, bccaufe they were gone fo farre before, to chuie 
(as they then thought) a commodious place to pitch in. 
But when the Barbmans came backe vpon them running, 
they receiued them, and ioyning both Campes together, 
ftirrednomoreforthatday. And the Stratims aflaulced 
themnot^ for want of the ayde of thereftofthe^f4r«4«/■- 
rff7J,b^t^•fedtheirflingsagainftthem, and troubled them 
much that way. For without their men of Armes, there 
was no ftirring for them. And in this kindc the Acarnmi- 

E 4«j are held excellent. 

i When night came, fwrwui withdrew his Armie to the 
"i Riuer 

Warinedc of the Crtcim. 


Scracagem of che Stn- 



TheHiJloryof TnycY VI VKS. Lib.i. 

AmbTocioici relitt wiihout 

Vhernsiovinh ro Gallics 
oiAtbem, ouMcommech 
47 of thi relcfcJiTufun 


The order of the ?«if- 
fw;cj5*i Gallics. 

TIiE order of the /lilini- 
"W Gallics, and the Stra- 
ta gctn of P.^srwio, 

Riuer Anapiu, ^I'om Stratus 80. -Furlongs; and fetched off A 
che dead bodies vpon truce, the next day. And, whereas 
che Citie Oeniades was come in of it fclfe, he made his re- 
treat thither, before the Acarnaniam fhould aflenjblt^with 
their fuccours 5 and from- thence went. feucry onb home. 
And the Stratims fet vp a Trophic ib£ the Skirmilh againft 
che Barbariani. ; ' '"4 --^^ ''' - 

In the meane time tht Fleet of ^(^i*,iand the other 
Confederates, that was to fet out froni the Cfiffican Gulfe, 
and tt) ioyne with Qnemia, to hinder the lower ^cnrnanh 
ans from ayding the vpper, came not at all ; but were B 
compelled to fight with Thormio, and thofe twenty Athe- 
nian Gallies that kept watch at NaupaSivs, about the fame 
timethattheSkirmifhwasat5fr4r«j. For as they fayled 
along the fhore, ^bormio waited on them till they were out 
of the ftreight, intending to kc vpon them in the open 
Sea. And the Cormthiatts and their Confederates went not 
as to fight by Sea, but furniflied rather for the Land-fer- 
uice'm Acar»ania i andneuer thought that the Athenians 
with their twenty Gallies, durf I fight with theirs, that 
were feuen and forty. Neucrtheleiie,when they faw that C 
the Athenians, as themfelucs fayled by one fhofc, kept 
ouer againft them on the other , and that now when 
they went off firom Tatr/in Achaia, to'goe ouer to\/4carn4' 
ttia in the oppofite Continent, the Atbenitms came towards 
them from Chalcis, and the Riuer Euenw, and; alfo knew 
that they had come to anchor there the night before, they 
found they were then to fight of ncccfsity, dire(3;iy againlt 
the mouth of the Straight.The Commanders of the Fleet 
were fuch as the Cities that fee it foorth, had feuerally 
appointed j but of the Corinthians , thcfe ; JPHaehon, IJocra- D 
f(?j,and Agatharchidas.'ThQ Telopennefians ordered their Fleet 
in fuch manner, as they made thereof a Circle, as great as, 
without leauing the fpaces fo wide as for the Mhenians to 
pafle through, they were pofsibly able; with the 
llcmmes of their Gallies outward, and fternes inward,and 
into the middeft thereof, receiued fuch fmall Veflels as 
came with them ; and alfo fine of their fwifteft Gallies, 
the which were at narrow palTages to come forth in what- 
foeuer part the Enemy (hould charge. 

But the Athenians with their Galhes ordered one after E 
one in file, went round them, and fhrunke them vp togCr 


Lib. 2. ^heHiJlory ofTnYC^ Din ES, 

A ther, by wiping them eucras they paft, and-putting thein 
inexpei^tatiouofpreicntfight. But P/;prw/o had before i 
forbidden them to light, till he himlelfe had giuen them j 
the lignall. For he hoped that this order of theirs would ! 
not lail long, as in an Army on Land, but that the Galiies 
would fall foule of one anothcr,and be troubled alfowith 
the fmaller veilels in the middell. And if the wind fhould 
alio blow out oftheGulfe,in expedtation whereof he To 
went round them, and which * vfually blew there euery 
morning, hee made account they would then inftantly be 

B difordercd. Asforgiuingthc onlet, becaufe his Gallics 
were more agile then the Galiies of the enemy , he thought 
it was in his owne eled:ion, and would bee moft oppor- 
tune on that occafion. When this wind was vp, and the 
Galiies of the Peloponncfians being already contrad:ed into a 
narrow compaffe, were both waies troubied,by the wind, 
and withall oy their owne lefTer veffcls that encumbred 
them ; and when one Gallic fell foule of another, and the 
Mariners laboured to fet them cleere with their poles, and 
through the noyfe they made, keeping off, and rcuiling 

(- each other, heard nothing, neither of their charge, nor of 
the Galiies direftion j and through want of skill, vnable 
to keepe vp their Oares in a troubled Sea,rendred the Gal- 
lie vntrad:able to him that fate at the Helme , Theh, and 
with this opportunity he gaue theflgnall. And the Mhe- 
nicvis charging, drowned firft one of the Admirall Galiies, 
and diuers others after it, in the feuerall parts they aflaul- 
ted; and brought them to that pafle at length, that not 
one applying himfelfetothe fight, they fled all towards 
patr^ and Dym.'j Cities oi Achaia. The ^ihmans.^kerthey 

D had chafed them,and taken twelue Galiies, and flain moll 
of the men that were in them, fell off, and went to Moly- 
f/.r/z/m; and when they had there fet vp a Trophic, and 
confecrated one Gallie to Ne-^tune, theyreturned with the 
reilto Naiipa^ur. -The I\'!oponKe/i(ins with the remainder 
of their Fleet, went prefently along the Coafl: of Cy/Zrw^ 
the Arfenall of the -fcVf ^«i ; and thither , after the Batrell 
2itStratiu,czmQ2i\io/^mmm, from Leiicoj, and with him 
thofe Galiiesi that were there, and with which this other 
Fleet_fliould haue beene ioyned. 

E . After this, the. Li2^cr^iC«wo«;4«j lent vnto Cnemtif to the 
Fleet, Timcrates, Braftdoj, and Lycopbronto be of his Ooun- 

S cell. 


' Aftt wiitdwUch bleer e- 
uciy morning thirefrom the 
E<iji,i<xuf(d,»iitfctmclh, liy 
tb( fipprv.i(bcftl>cSHM>ic, 

The Ftloftmtfmi fly. 

Prcpaiacion for another 


The Hiftory o/Thvcydides. Lib. 2. 

■Twent)- faiie of AlhnuM^, 
icnt to aydc f her mo, ftay 
In Crc«, 

; TtUpmntfrnm faile by 

cell, vvich command to prepare for another better fight, A 
and not to fufter a few Gallics to dcpriue them of the vfe 
of the Sea. For they thought this accident (efpecially 
being their firll proofe by fea) very much againll realbn ; 
and that k was not fo much a defeat of the Fleet, as of 
t]ieircouragc:ncuer coparing the long pracSticeof ihtAtbc- 
nims.^wkh. their own fhorttludy in thefe bufmefles. And 
therefore they fent thele men thither in pafsion .- who be- 
ing arriued with Cnemus, intimated to the Cities about, to 
prouide their Gallies, andcaufed thofc they had before,to 
be repayred. Pbormio likewife lent to Athens, to make B 
knowne both the Enemies preparation, and his owne for- 
mer vid:ory ; and withall to will them to fend fpeedily 
\'nto him, as many Gallies as they could make ready ; be^ 
caufe they were euery day in expectation of a new fight. 
Heereupon they fent him twenty Gallics, but comman- 
ded him that had the charge of them, to goe firll into 

For Niciaj2 Cretan o^Gortys, the pubhkeHofl: of the A- 
thenians^ had perfwaded them to a voyage againfl: Cydonia, 
telling them they might take it in, being now their Ene- Q 
mie. Which he didjtogratifie the ^f)//V;fj«/?^, that bor- 
dered vpon the C>'^o«w»5. Therefore with thele Gallies 
hec fay led into (^rcte, and together with the Polichnit^.wa.- 
fled the Territory of the Cydonians 5 where alio, by reafon 
of the Winds, and weather vnfit to take Sea in, hee wa- 
lled not a little of his time. 

In the meane time, whilell thefe Athenians were Wind- 
bound in Crete, the ^eloponne/ians that were in Cyllene, in or- 
der of Battell lay led along the Coaft to Panormut of Achaia, 
to which alfo were their Land-forces come to ayde them. D 
Thorfnio likewife fayled by thefhore to Rhium Molychricum, 
and anchored without it, with twenty Gallies, the fame 
hee had vfed in the former Battell. iN ow this Rhium was 
of the Athenians fide, and the other Rbium in 'Peloponne/us, 
lyes on the oppofite fhore, diltant from it at the moft but 
leucn furlongs of Sea ; and thefe two make the mouth of 
the Crijf^an Gulfe. The Teloponne fans therefore came to 
an anchor at R^/«wa of ^c/j^/>, with 77. Gallies, not farre 
from 'Tanormus, \yhcrc they left their Land Forces. After 
they (aw the Athenians, and had lycn fixe or feucn daies one E 
againll the other, meditating and prouiding for the Battell, 


Lib. 2; Ths HiJioryof\V h v c td i d e s. 

A the Peloponne/ians not intending CO put off without Rhium] 
into the wide Sea, for fcareof^whac th^y had fufferd by it] 
before 5 nor the other to enter, the Streight, becaui'c to 
iight within, they thought to be the Enemies aduantage. 
At iaft, Cnemns, Braddcu , and the otlicr Commanders 
of the Peloponnefhms.^Q^inng tofightipeedily,beforc anew 
fupply fhould arriue from Athens, called the Soldiers toge- 
ther, and feeing the mofl of them to befearefull through 
their former defeat, and not forward to fight againe, en- 
couraged them firit with words to this^ite(St. - ' -: u 


THE. ORATION. ;O.Ri ,«d: 



MEn o/Peloponnefus, Ifm^ of you be afraid of the BS 
tell at hand f for thejuccej?e of the Battcll pafi, hu feare ii 
•without ground. For you knoyp^wce yosre inferiour to 
them then in preparation, andfet not forth a.f to a fight at Sea, but 
rather to an expedition by Land. Fortune likewife croffed im in 
many things -, andfomewhat wee mifcarried by <^nskilfulneffe : Jo 

C cis the lojje can no xpoy be ajcribed to cowardife. Nor is it iuj}, fo 
long as y^e were not ouercome by meere force, but haue fomewbat 
to alledge in our excufe, that the mind fhould bee deleted for the 
calamity of the euent. But we mu ft thinke, that though Fortune 
may fade men, yetthe courage of a yaliant man can neuer faile, 
and not that yee may iuflifie cowardife in any things by pretending 
ycantofskm, andyet beetruelyrvaliant. ^nd yet you are not 
fo muchfhort of their skill, as you exceede them in '-valour, ^nd 
though thif knowledge of theirs, whichyoujo much feare, ioyned 
with courage, will not bee without a memory alfo, to put what they 

D know in execution, yet ypithout courage, noa6i in the world is of 
any force in the time of danger* For feare confound eth the memo- 
ry, and skill without courage auaileth nothing. To their oddes 
therefore of skill, oppofeyour oddes of valour 5 and to the feare 
caujed by your ouerthrow, oppofeyour being then ynprouided. Tou 
haue further now, a greater Fleet, andtofght on your owne fhore -, 
ypithyour aydes at band, of men ofArmes : and for the mofl part, 
thcgreatefl number, and befi prouided, get the rvi^iory. So that 
ypce can neither fee any one caufe in particular, ichy wee fJjould 
mifcarry \ and Tfhatfoeuer were our ypants in the former Battell, 

E fupply id in this, wiQ now turne to our infiruClion. With cou- 
rage therefore, both JMaflers and JMariners,follo(p euery man in 
S '■ hii 

1 AwAii 



TheJJifloryofTiiycYDiDES. Lib. 2. 

?'mm':i doubteth of tlie 
courage ot his Soldiers. 

And CDCOuragetkiliera, 

hu order, not forji-king the place Aligned him. ^nd for'ys , v^ee A. 
jhall order the- battaili dt weS iU the former Qotiunnnders ; and 
leane no excuse to any man ofbii cowardice. And rf any will needes 
be a cQ-SPiird, bee (haR receiue condignepmijhmeM, and the n^dliant 
(ball he rssearded according to their merit* Thus did the Com- 
manders encour^^cthsp^Ioponne fans. 

And 'Thormjo.he likewifc doubting that his SouWiers 
were but faint^iearted , ' and obfcruing they had con- 
fultations apart, and were afraid of the multitude of the 
enemies Gallics,thought good, hauing called them toge- B 
ther , to encourage , and admonifh them vpon the pre- I 
fentoccafion. For though he had alwaycs before told 
them , andpredifpofed their mindes to an opinion , that 
there was no number of Gallies fo great , which fetting 
vpon thcm,they ought not covndertake , and alfo moft of 
the Souldiers had of long time aflumcd a conceit of them- 
leiueSjthat being Athenians, they ought not to decline , any 
number of Gallies whatfoeuer , of the Teloponnefians , yet 
when he faw that the fight of the enemy prefent had de- 
iedred them, he thought fit to reuiue their courage , and Q 
hauing alTembled the Athenians M^ ^^bus. 


P H O R M 10. 

SOnldters , hauing ohfernedyour feare of the enemies number, I 
haue called you together , not enduring to fee you terrified fi^ith 
things that are not terrible. Forfirfi , they haue prepared this 
great number ^and oddes efGaUies,for that they were oner come before^ 
and becaufe they are euen in their owne opinions too 'O'eakeforVs. And D 
next, their prefent holdnejfc proceeds onely from their knowledge in 
Land-feruice,in confidence "thereof {as if to be njaliant^ xvere peculiar 
Vnto them)they are no-H? come yp;Ti;herin hauing for the mojlpart pro. 
fpered^they thinke to doe the fame inferuice by Sea.'But tnreafon the 
oddes mujl be ours in this^ as well as it is theirs in the other kinde. 
For in courage tkey exceed ^s not,and as touching the aduantage of 
either fide ^ we may better be bold nof^^then they. And the Lzcedx- 
momzns.ll'ho are the leaders of the Confederates^ bring them to 
fight for the greatefi part (in re/pcci of the opinion they haue ofys) a - 
gainfl their fi^ills. For elfe they would ncuer haue yndertaken a nelt> E 
battade , after they were oncefocleerely ouerthro'%>ne . Feare not there- 

The Hijlory 0/ T h v c y d i d t; s . 


A fore an^ great boldnejfe on their fart. Sut thefeare which they haue 
of you ^is fvrejboth greater ^(ind more certainc, mt onelyfor that yon 
kxueouercome them before Jnitaljo for this^that they fipould neaer.he- 
leeueyou would goe about to re fifty 'Videjfeyou had fome notable thing 
to put in praSiice <vp6n them. For when the enemy is the greater 
7iumber as thejc are now. /hey inVade chiefly njpon confdence of their 
frength. 'But they that are much the fewer muji haue fome great 
and jure deftgneT^hen they dare fight Vnconjlrained. Wherewith 
thc(cmen fio^ ama:^d^ feare ys more for our Unlikely preparation^ 
then they wouldif ttyvere more proportionable. 'Be fides ^ many great 

B Armies haue beene ouercome by the leffer , thrcugh ynskHfulnejfe^ 

and fome alfo by timoroufnejfe .both fi^hich Tt?eourjelues are free from. 

Js for the battailefTi>ill not willingly fight it tn the Gulfe^ norgoe in 

thither ; feeing that to afeTi> Gallies Tt>ith nimblenejfe and artyagainji 

v.any tithoutartJlreightneffeGfroomeisdi/aduantage. For neither 

can one chargeTeith the beake of the Gallie as is fit _, VnUjfehee haue 

fight of the enemy a fane ojf, or if he be himfelfe ouer-prefjed^ againe 

get cleere. ISlor is there any getting through them , or turning to and 

fro , at ones pleajure,tl^hich are all the fiporkes offuch Gallies ^04 haue ' 

their aduantagem agility ; but the Sea- fight would of necefsitie be the 

Q Jainewitha battaileby Landjltfherein the greater number mufi haue 
the better. But of this J.jhallmy felfe take the beji _ care I am able. 
In the meane time keepcyouyour order weMin the Gallies^ , and euery 
man receiue his charge readily ; and the rather becaufe the enemy is 
at .Anchor fo mere njs. In the fight j haue ingreat eftirnation , order 
and filence ,as things of great force in moft Military actions, ejj>ecially 
in a fght by Sea ^ and charge thefe your enemies according to the 
li^orth of your former .XSls. You are to fight for a great "^ager , ei- 
ther to dejhoy the hope of the Peloponnefian ISlauies , or to bring 
thefeare of the Sea neerer home to the Athenians. Jgaine, let mee 

D tellyou, you haue beaten them once already -, and men once ouercome, 
"^ill 7iot come againe to the danger fo Tbe/i refolued as before. Thus 
did m^hjrmio alio encourage his Souldiers. 

The Tdo^ome^ans, when they faw the Athenians would 
not enter the Gulfe and Streight , defiring to draw them 
in againft their vvilles,vveighed Anchor ,and betime in the 
morning hauing arranged their Galhes by foure and foure 
in a ranke , fayled along their ownc Coafl: , within the 
Guifejcading the way, in the fame order as they had lien 
. at Anchor with their right wing. In this wing they had 
placed xo of their fwiftelt Gallies,tothc end that if ^hor- 


The ftratagera of die 


lht?itofmtfiub giuc 
the onfct* 

neHiJiorjof Tnvc YD IDES. Lib. 


\ wa^thhiking them going to Naupa^iu, fhould for fafegard A 
of the Tovvne,fayle along his owne Coall likewiic, with- 
in the Straight.thc Athenians might not be able to get be- 
yond that wing of theirs,aud auoyd the imprefsion , but 
be encloied by their Galhes on both fides. Phormio, fea- 
ring ( as they c^pcd:ed ) what might become of the 
Tovvne now without guard,as foone as he faw them from 
Anchor, againll his will, and in extreme halle, wenta- 
boord,and fayled along the Shoare, with the Land forces 
of the JMeJJenians, marching by to aydc him. The Pelo- 
pome/ians, when they faw them fayle in one long File, B 
Gaily after Gaily ,and that they were now in the Gulfe, 
and by the Shoare, (which they moft defired ) vpon one 
figne giucn,turned fuddenly,euery one as fail as he could 
vpon the Athmnm , hoping to haue intercepted them eue- 
ry Gallie. But of thole,the eleucn formofl, auo) dmg that 
wing,and the turne made by the 'Teloponnelinns, got out in- 
to the open Sea. The relt they intercepted, and driuing 
them to the Shoare,funke them. 

The many as ijwammcnotoutj they flew , and 
the Gallies , Ibme they .tyed to their owne , and towed C 
them away cmpty^and one with the men and all in her 
they had already taken. But the Me'fiman fuccours on 
Land, cntring the Sea with their Armes , got aboord of 
fome of them , and fighting from the Dcckes, rccoucred 
them againe,after they were already towing away. And 
in this part, the ^elopomejians had the vid:ory , and oucr- 
came the Gallies of the Athenians. Now the 20 Gallies 
that were their right wing , gauc chafe to thofe eleuen 
K^theman Gallics , which had auoyded them when they 
turned, and were gotten into the open Sea. Thefe flying E) 
toward 2y/^«/j^<SM^,arriucd tjiere before the enemies, all fauc 
one , and when they came vnder the Temple oiApoQo, 
turned their beake heads,and put thcmfelues in readinefle 
fordefence,in cafe the enemy fhould follow them to the 
Land. But the F doponnefians as they came after , were 
*Pa:anizing,asif theyhad already had thevid:ory; and 
one Gallic which was of L<r«c^,bcing farre before the reft, 
gauc chafe to one y^r/;mV;« Gallie that was behind the reft 
oixhc Athenians. Now it chanced that there lay out into 
theSea,a ccrtaine Ship at Anchor,to which the ^tbcnnm E 
Gaily firft comming, fetch t a compafle about her , and 



A came backe full butt againll the Leucad'um GalSthat. 
gaue her chafe, and funke her. Vpon this' vnexpedfced and 
vnlikely accident they began to feare, and hauing alfo fol- 
lowed the chafe, as being vidtors,di {orderly, fomeof them 
let downe their Oares into the water jand hindred the way 
of their Gallics ( a matter of very ill confequencc, leeing 
the enemy was foncerc) and 1 laid for more company. 
And fome of them through ignorance of the Coalt, ranne 
vpon the Shelues. The Sitbeniam feeing this, tooke heart 
againe, and together with one clamour , iet \'pon them -, 

B who refilled not long , bccaufeof their prefent crrours 
committed,and their diiarray ^ but turned, and fled Co Pa- 
?;omi«, from whence at firft they fet forth. The Atheni- 
ans followed.and tooke from them fixe Gallies, that were 
hindmoil, and recoucrcd their own which the (Pelopmncfi- 
rf?u. had funke by theShoare, and tycd afterne of theirs. 
Of the men , Ibme they flew , and fome alfo they tooke 
aliue. In the Lciicadian Gaily that was funke heerc the 
fhip,\vas Timocrates,d. Lacedemonian, who, when the Gaily 
was loft, runne himfelfe thorow with his Iword, and his 

(2 body draue into the Hauen of Na»pa5tus. The Athenians 
falling off, crcftedaTrophy in^thephce from whence 
they kt forth to this vi(Sory,&tobk' vp^ttheir dead,and the 
wracke,as much as was on their own fl^ore, and gaue truce 
to the -enemy todoe the like. The' ^ehfonnsfuns alfo fet 
vp a Trophy , as if they alfo had had the vid:ory , in re- 
fpc^of the flight of thofe Gallies which they funke by 
the Shoare ; atid the Gaily which they had taken, they 
CQxdtQTMcd\x> Neptune, mMiim o^ Athaia ,hiTd by their 
Trophy. Afcel- this,fearing the fupply; which was ex- 

D pfiGtedfrom J'lhens, they fayled by night into the(^riffaan 
Giufe,zndto Qorinth , all but the Leiicadians^ And thofe 
J«k«z^«^,wlth twenty Gallies out of i^r^^, that fhould 
haue beene with ^/;o?wf» before the bactaile, not long af- 
ter, tlie going away ofthe Gallies of />,f/(?^o«;2if/'iw,arriued at 
Ndf<p^«^ ; And the Summer ended.' ;. ^ 

.;■ before,But theFleet gone into theCrifpedn Gulfe, and to 
Corinth, was difpcrfed. (^»emU,znd Br-Afidas , and the reft of 
the Commanders of the Pehfonnefians, in the beginning of 
Winter, inftrudted by the JMe gar eans , thought good to 
E make an attemjpt vpon i>/r^«i , the Hauen of the Mmi- 
ms. Now it was without guard, or barre, and that vpon 

'"^ --- r. -^-. j^y 


The Athemiuii haue chc 

T'mocraus a ltc(d.erenun 
Commander flaycth 


The Pehpanncfans refbluc 
to atccmpt the turprizc 
of i'lmi*}. 


The Hiftcty 0/ T h v c y d i d e s. Lib.i . 

thit v.ibc GiU<.t>ofo\iy 
t'xrc Tv.ii bm tfw w*5 to trie 

ilin- tvbcnin tkn- Oun tur- 

The ?tbpmttfi-»i^^i^ 
not execute their de- 
fencjbut turne to Sak- 

■ Firti fifted ifi'fthej fftrt 
wjiw J, ■/ rf!tued.jLnm:ci. 

very 0tic)d^caure,coniidering how much rhey exceeded o- A 
thersid the power o£ their Nauy. Andit wasreiolued, 
chatcliei-y Mariher.with *his Oare,his Cufliion^and *^ one 
Thong for hisOare to turne in , fliould take his way by 
L^aiidirom Corinth^ to the other Sea, that lyeth to Athens^ 
and going with all fpeed to Megarn^ lanch forty Gallics 
out otfjN^/^^ 5 the Arfenall of theM^^^r^^wj, which then 
Wrere there, and. fay leprelently into Pir^iu. For at that 
tinuSthere neither Hood any GaUies for a watch before it, 
nor was there any imagination^that the enemies would on 
fuch a fuddcn come vpon them . For tb cy durll not haue B 
attempted it openly,though with leafurcj nor if they had 
had any fuch intention, could it but haue been difcoucred. 
As foone as it was refolued on ; they kt prelently for- 
ward,and arriuingby night, lanched theiaid Gallies of N/- 
fda, and fet Sayle, not now towards firaM , as they inten- 
ded, fearing the danger, and a wind was alfo faid to haue 
ri;fen,that hindred them,but toward a Promontory of 6'<i/4- 
mu,\y'n\§ out towards ^fgara. 

Now,there was in it,a little Fort,and vnderncath in the 
Sea,lay three Gallies that kept watch, to hinder the im- 
portation and exportation of any thing , to or from the C 
JMegarefins. This-Fbrt they aflaulted,and the Gallies they 
towed empty awajr I after them. And- being come vpon 
the Salminiam vnaWares , wafled alfo other parts of the 
Hand. _ - 

By this time the fires * fignifying the comming of 
enemies J were lifted vp towards lAthenSy and affrighted 
them more then any thing that had happened in all this 
Warre. For they ;in the Citie thought the enemies had 
been already in Pk^us. And they in Piraeus thought the 
Citie of the Salamimans had been already taken,andthat the 
qnemy vvould inllantly come into Pir<etis. Which, had D 
they not been afraid, nor been hindred by the wind , they 
mighc-alfo eafily haue done. But the AthcniansyZs Ibone as 
it was day,came with the whole ftrcngth of the Citie, in- 
Xo(P/>.€M^, and lanched their Gallies, andimbarking in 
haflc, and "tumult, fet fay le toward Salamit, leauing for the 
guard oiPor^eus, an Army of Foot, The ^eloponnefians vp- 
on notice pf thofe fuccours , hauing now oucr-runne moll 
of Sdamiijiiid taken many prifoners,and much other boo- E 
_t;y, bcfides the three Galhes from the Fort oiBiidoruSy 



The H'tflGry o/Tu v c y d i d e s. 


A vvent backc in all hade to 'Nif<€a. And fomewhat x\\Qy 
feared the morcj for that their Gallies had lyen long in 
the water, and were fubiedl to leaking. And when they 
came to Megarn, they went thence to Corinth againc by 
Land. The /^t/;m4?if likcwiie, when they found not the 
Enemy at 5(j/^ww, went home 5 and from that time for- 
ward, looked better to "^FiKtw, both for the fhntcing of 
tkc Ports, and for their diligence otherwaies. 

About the lame time, in the beginning of the fame 
Winter, Sjtalces an Odryfian, the iormto^ Teres, King of 

B Thrace, made Warre vpon ^erdicccu the Tonne of ^Alexander 
King af SHacedonia, and \'pon the Qhalcideans bordering on 
Thrace , vpon two promiles ; one of which hee required 
to be performed to him, and the other hee was to per 
forme himfelfe. For Terdiccas had promifed fomewhat 
\'nto him, for reconciling him to the ^ithenians, who had 
formerly oppreffed him with Warre, and for not rello- 
ring his Brother Philip to the Kingdome,that was his Ene> 
mie, which hee neuerpaid himj And Sytalces himfelfe 
had couenanted with the Athenians, w\\tn he made League 

C with them, that he would end the Warre which they 
had againft the Qhalcideans of Thrace For thefe caufes 
therefore hee made this Expedition ; and tooke with 
him both ^myntas, the fonne ofThili^, (with purpofe to 
make him King of Macedonia) and alfo the Athenian Am- 
baffadours then with him for that bufirieile, znd^gnon 
the Jthenian Commander. For the Athenians ought alfo 
to haue ioyned with him againft the Chalcideans, both 
with a Fleet, and with as great Land-forces as they could 

D Beginning therefore with the Ofl^r#^»j, he leuied firft 
thofe Tbracians that inhabiteon this (ide theMountaines 
^rnvu and Rhodope,3.s many as wcrcof hisowne dominion, 
downe tothefhoreof the Euxine Sea, and the Hellefpont. 
Then beyond yBmm he leuied the G^^^j, and all the Nati- 
ons betweene //?fr and the Euxine Sea. The Getes, and 
people of thofe parts, are borderers vpon the Scythians.^ind 
furnifhed as the Scythiam are, all Archers on Horfebacke. 
He alfo drew forth many of thofe Scythians that inhabitr 
the Mountaines, and are free-States, all Sword-mcn, and 

E are called D/j,tl-ie greateft part of which are onthe Moun 
taine Rhodope ; whereof fomc he hyrcd, and fomc went as 

T Volun- 

The King of Tfcrtf.'f mi- 
Iccth Warre on the King 

of M.ucdu/i. 


The dcfciiption of 


StHti, cfOic mukdformt of 
bHildwg, andferuwgfor bur- 
tbn, in d:J}maum m G/ilbo, 
lengformi ef building fir- 

•y ^000. [tnntifl*'li'ii- 

TheHiJloryof T^ycr DID ES, Lib.i. 

Voluntaries.' He leuied alfo thQ^grums.SLnd Le^ans, and A 
allochcr the Nations oFPxowf^, in his owne Dominion. 
Thefe are the vcmoll bounds of his Dominion, extending 
to tiie Groans and Ir,e.i;w,Nationsof p.eonia.znd to the Ri- 
uer StrymorfyWhich riiing out of theMonntaine ScomiuJ^pai'- 
leth through the Territories of the Groans and Le^ans, 
who make the bounds of his Kingdome toward p^onLi, 
and are fubiedl onely to their owne Lawcs. But on the 
part that lyethto the TrihUians, who are alfo a free peo- 
ple, the Treres make the bound of his Dominion, and 
the nlauans. Thefe dwell on the North fide of the B 
Mountaine Scomiw, and reach Weftward, as farre as to 
theRiuer Ofciui, which commeth out of the fame Hill 
Nefltu and Hehrtu doth 5 a great and defart Hill adioyning 
to Rhodope. 

The Dimenfion of the Dominion of the Odryfians by the 
Sea fide, is from the Citic of the Abderites, to the mouth 
ofT/^^rin the£«;ci«^Sea5andis, the neerefl: way, fourc 
dayes, and as many nights Say le for a * round Ship , with 
a continuall fore- wind. By Land likewiie, the neereft 
way, it is from the Citic ^Abdcra^ to the mouth of Jfter, C 
eleuen dayes iourney for an expedite Footman. Thus it 
lay in refped: of the Sea . 

Now for the Continent j from By^mtium to the Le^eam^ 
and to the RSuei: Strymon (for it reacheth this way fartheft 
into the maine Land) it is for the like Footman, thirtecne 
dayes iourney. The Tribute they receiued from all the 
B<<r^<inrf»Nations, and from the Cities of Greece, in the 
reigne o(Seuthes,(v/ho reigned after Sitalces, and made the 
moll of it) was in gold andfiluer, by eftimation, * 400. 
Talents by yeere. And Prefents of gold and filucr came D 
to as much more. Bcfides Veftures, both wrought and 
laine, and other furniture, prefented not onely to him, 
ut alio to all the men of authority, and Odryfan Nobility 
about him. For they had a cuftome, which alfo was ge- 
ncrall to all Thrace, contrary to that of the Kingdome of 
^erfm, to receiue rather then to giue .- and it was there 3 
greater fhame to be asked and deny, then to aske and goe 
without. Neuerthelefle they held this cullome long, by 
rea f on of their power : for without gifts, there was no- 
thing to be gotten done amongft them. So that this King- E 
dome arriued thereby to great power .- for of all the Na- 


2. ThHiJIoryofTHYCYDiD Es. 


The great power of tbe 

Aj'tlons of Europe, that lycbetwcenethe * Ionian Gulfe, and *Thc/ji/;W^.Ts«: 
' the Euxine Sea, it was, for rcuenue of money, and other Mat AUggiort, 
wealth, the mightieft ; though indeed for itrength of an 
Army, and multitudes of Souldicrs, the iame be farre 
fhort of the Scythians : For there is no Nation, not to 
fay offiwro^tf, but neither of ^/<j, that are comparable to 
this, or that as long as they agree, are able, one Nation 
toone,toftand againfl; tht Scytbims: and yet in matter of 
counfell and wifdome in the prefcnt occafions of life, they 
are not like to other men. 

B 5/Wc<?j therefore, Kingof this great Countrey, prepa- 
red his Armie, and when all was ready, fet forward, and 
marched towards JMacedonia. Firll, through his owne 
Dominioni then oucr Qrcine, a defartMountainediuiding 
the Simians from the p^eonians, ouer which he marched the 
fame way himfclfe had formerly made with Timber, 
when he made Warre againd the p^onians, Pafsing this 
Mountaine, out of the Countrey ohhtodryfians, they had 
on their right hand theP<e^«//i»j,andon the left, the simi- 
ans and M<cdes, and beyond it, they came to the Citie of Do- 

Q berw'm Taonia. His Army, as hee marched, diminifhed 
not any way, except by ficknefle, but cncreafed, hy theac- 
cefsion of many free Nations of Thrace^ that came in vncal- 
led, in hope or Booty. Inlbmuch as the whole number is 
faidto hauc amoQted tonoleflethen 1 50000. men. Wherof 
the mofl were foot, the Horfe being a third part,or there- 
abouts. And of the Horfe, the greateft part were the 0- 
Vry^^wsthemfelues, and the next mofl:, the Gacs. And of 
the Foot, thofe Sword-men, a free Nation, that came 
downe to him out of the Mountaine Rhodope, were mofl; 

D warlike. The reft of the promifcuous multitude, were 
formidable onely for their number. Being all together 
at Doberui^ they made ready to fall in, from the Hilles 
fide, into the lower Macedonia^ the dominion of Perdiccas. 
For there are in Macedoni/ii the Lynceflians, 2nd the Helimie- 
us, and other High-land Nations, who though they bee 
Confederates, and in fubie<^ion to the other, yet haue their 
feuerall Kingdomes by themfelues. But of that part of the 
now Macedoniawhich lycth toward the Sea, Alexander, the 
Father of this PerdiccaSy and his Ancellors, the Temenid^, 

E who came out of Argos, were the firfl: pofleifors, and raig- 

ncdin the fame ; hauing firfl: driuen outof P/Vn<i the pieri- 

T i msy 

Ths beginning of the 
Kingdomc of Mtctdtnia, 
The MacedtiiianKin^s 
dcfcendcd of che Temeni- 
rfif, a Family in /^>^0(, gf 
the fdo^mittjixni,. 


The Hi/lory of Try CY DID ES. Lib. 2. 

The MiCcdomo'sTex.he 
into their walled towns. 

PerducM, ihe ninth 
King oMl-J^f/o", of the 
Faaily of the Ttmenidt. 

MS, (which afcervvards feaced chemielues in Tha^res, and o- A 
ther Townes beyond Strymon, at the foot of Pangeim -, 
From which caufe, that Countrey- is called the Gulfe of 
Pitr'hi to this day, which lyeth at the foot of Pangeum, and 
bcndech toward the Sea) and out of that which is called 
Bottia, the Botti<eans, that now border vpon the Qhakideans. 
They polleiled bcfidcs a certaine narrow portion of Txo^ 
n/^jDecrevnto the Riuer o^ Axhu^ reaching from abouc 
downetoPt///?,andtotheSea. ^tyond Axm they pof- 
fcflethe Countrcy called SMygdonia, as farre as to Sirymon, 
from whence they haue driiien out the Eidoniam. Further- B 
more they draue the Eordians out of the Territory, now 
called Eorda, (of whom the greateft part perifhed, but 
there dwell a few of them yet about 'Thyfca) and the ^l- 
mopiavs out of ^Imopia. The fame Macedonians fubdued 
allb other Nations, and hold them yet, as ^mhemufj §re- 
(lonia, and Bifnltw, and a great part of the S^iaccdonians 
chemfelues. But the whole is called Macedonin, and was 
the Kingdome of Perdiccas the fonne of Alexander, when 
Sitalces came toinuade it. The Macedonians vnable to ftand 
in the Field againft fohuge an Armie, retired all within Q 
their ftrong Holds, and walled Townes, as many as the 
Countrcy aflforded ; which Were not many then j out were 
built afterwards by Archclavu the fonne of Perdiccojf, when 
he came to the kingdome, who then alto laid out the high 
wayes (Iraight, and tooke order both for matter of Warre, 
as Horfes and Armes, and for other prouifion, better then 
all the other 8. Kings that were before him. The Thraci- 
an Army arifing from Dobsrw^nv^d^d that Territory firft, 
which had beene the Principahty ofThilip, and tooke Ei- 
domcne by force j but Gortynia, Jtabnfa, and fome other D 
Townes he hadyeelded to him, for the loue ofAmyntoj the 
fonne of /5/?/7//), who was then in the Armie. They alfo 
aflaulted Europtu, but could not take it. Then they went 
on further into Macedoniif, on the part that lyes on the 
right hand of 7^^//^, and Cyrrktu ; but within thefe, into 
Botti^a and Tieria they entred not, but waited ^ygdonia, 
Greponia, and Anthemus. JSJ ow the Macedonians had neuer 
any intention to make head againfl them with their Foot, 
but (ending out their Horfemen, which they had procu- 
red from their Allyes of the higher Macedonia, they aflaul- E 
ted the Thracian Armie, in fuch places, where few againfl 


The Hijlory o/Thvcidides. 



A many, they thought they might doe it with moft conuc 
iiience ; and where theycharged^ none was able to refill: 
, them, being both good Horiemen, and well armed wich 
Breltplates ; but enclofed by the multitude of the Ene- 
mies, they fouglit againft manifold oddes of number ; fo 
that m the end they gaue it ouer, cfteeming themfeiues 
too weake to hazard Battell againft fomany. 

After this, Sit.dcesQdX\QWd.y to a conference with 'Ver- 
diccoj, touching the motiues of this Warre. And foraf- 
much as the Atknians were not arriued with their Fleet, 
B (for they thought not that Sitakes would haue made the 
Journey) but had fenc Ambafladours to him with Pre- 
fencs, he lent a part of his Army againft the Chalddeam and 
BottUans^ wherewith hauing compelled them within their 
walled Townes, he walled and deilroyed their Territory. 
Whilellhelbyed in thefe parts, the Theffalians South- 
ward, and the Magnetians^ and the reft of the Nations fub- 
ied: to the Th:(?alians, and all the ^redans as far as toTher- 
mopyU, were afraid he would haue turned his Forces vpon 
them ,and flood vpon their guard. And Northward thofe 
C Tbxnciafisihxt'mhahitt the Champaigns Countrey beyond 
Strymon^nivndy the Panaans,0(iomipitims,'DrokfJs,^nd Der- 
J.€Ans, all of them free-States, were afraid of tl^fa me. He 
gaue occafion alfo to a rumour, that hee meant to leade 
his Army againft all thofe Grecians that' were icnemies to 
the Athenians, as called in by them to thacpiarpofe, by ver- 
tue of their League. But whileft hes flayed, hee wafted 
the Chdkidcan, BottUan, and Macedonian Territories' j and 
when hee could noteffed: what he came for, and his Ar- 
my both wanted vid:uall,and was afflicSled wtih the cold- 
D neife of the feafbn ; Seuthes the fonne otSpardocus, his cou- 
fni German, and of greateft authority next himfelfe^ per- 
fwaded him to make hafte away. Now Perdiccas had dealt 
fecretly with Sduth£s,2Lnd promifed him his Sifter in mar- 
. riage, and money with her •• znd Sitalces at the pcrlwafion 
of him, after the ftay of full thirty dayes, wherof he ipent 
eight in Cbakidea, retyred with his Army, with all fpeed, 
into his owne Kingdome. And Perdiccas fhortly after 
gaue to Siuthes his Sifter 5;r<3/o«/V^ in marriage, as hee had 
promifed. This was the iiluc of this Expedition of Si- 
E takes. 

The fame Winter, after the Fleet of the Pelopomefians 


come to a conference 
abcut thcmotiucjof 
tlic Warrc» 

The Onchm, at the com. 
ming ot this Army.lbnd 
vpon their Guani, tea 
niig they were called 
by the ^thcn:ant to lub' 
due ihcm. 

5'cw/j«, corrupted by 
' Vadiccas, perlwadcth 
Sitdcti to rcturne. 

Phermic putteth fufpeSed 
perlons oui ofSlratm 
and Curar.tit, 


The Hijlory of T RVCYD ides. Lib.2. 


TkcUbUci AttmdM. 

was diflblued, the Athenians that were at Naupa^ut, vndcr A 
the coadud: oi'Tbormio, fay led along the Coall to ^(lacw, 
and disbarking, marched into the Inner parts of Acarnania. 
Hee had in his Army, 400. men of Armes that hec 
brought with him in his Gallies, and 400. more SMejfeni- 
ans. With thefc he put out oiStratWy Coronu, and other 
places, all thofe whofc fidelity hec thought doubtfull. 
And when he had rellored Cynes the lonne of Tbeolyna 
toQaronta, they returned againc to their Gallics, For 
they thought they fhould not be able to make Warrc a- 
gainft the Oeniades, (whoonely o^zW Marnania are the A- B 
r/;^«i>wEnemies)inrefped:of the Winter. For the Ri- 
uer ^cheloiu, fpringingout of the Mountaine ''Pinduty and 
running through Dolopia, and through the Territories of 
the Agraansy and the Simphilochians, and through moll part 
of the Champaigne o^Acarnania, pafsing aboue by the Ci- 
ty oiStrattUySLud falling into the Sea by the Citie of the 
Oeniades, which lUok moateth about with Fens, by the 
abundance of Water , makcth it hard lying there for an 
Army in time of Winter. Alfo mod of the Hands Echh 
nudes lye iuft ouer againfl: 0<r«/<7, hard by the mouth of 
Achdous. And the Raucr being a great one, continually C 
heapeth tc^ether the grauell; infomuch that fome of 
thofe Hands are become Continent already, and the like in 
fhort time is cxpedred by the reft. For not onely the 
(Ireameof theKjueris fwift, broad, and turbidous, but 
alfo the Hands themfelues ftand thicke, and becaufe the 
Grauell cannot pafle, arcioyned one to another, lying in 
and out, not in a direft line, nor h much as to giue the 
Water his courfc diredtly forward into the Sea. Thefe I- 
lands are all Defart, and but fmall ones. It is reported, 
that Apollohy his Oracle did afsigne this place for an ha- 
bitation to Alcmaon the fonne of Amphlraus, at fuch time as D 
he wandred vp anddownc for the killing of his JMoth^r j 
tcWm^hiniy That he flfouldneuer if e free from the terrours that 
haunted him, till he had found out, and feated himjelfe injucb a 
Land, cu when he flew hu Mother yt he Sunne had neuerfeene, nor 
SfiOJ then Land, becaufe all other Lands were polluted by 
him. Hereupon being at a Non-plus, as they fay, with 
much adoe hee obferucd this ground congefted by the Ki 
uer ^chelousy and thought there was enough caft vpto E 
fcruehisturne,alreadyjfince"thetimeofthe flaughter ot 


ab.z. The Hijlory ofT uY c'lDi'DES, 


^ his Mother, after which it was now a long time that fiee 
had beenc a Wanderer. Therefore ieating himfeJfe in the 
places about the Of«w^^^, hce reigned tliere, and named 
the Countrey after the name of his fonne Acarnas. Thus 
goes the report, as we haue heard it concerning ^/6'w^o;?. 
But pbormio and the ^ithenians leaning Acarnnnia, and re- 
turning to Naupa^us, in the very beginning of the Spring, 
came backe to Athsns:, and brought with them fuch Gal- 
lics as they had taken, and the Free-men they had taken 
Prifoncrs, in their fights at Sea, who were agalne fet at 

B liberty by exchange of man for man. So ended chat 
Winter, and the third Yecre of the Warrc 
written byTHVCYDiDEs. 


/icarruMt whence fo fai- 

The end of the third 

: . 'Jib .noiHwlouvi ,T«HJE?^-3uclilK vbij:-' - 



i.5rij to Ay'O'^HVCTDWES. 



,'...Q'i' )( ) ^i/J'lj^ prfrt c^pall Cohtcncs. 

Azticiimadedby the Peloponncfians.TZ)? Mitylenians re- 
mit^ andarerecemdhy the Peloponnerians at Olympia, 
into their league. The Athenians fend Paches to Mity- 
Un:^ to hefie^e tt, Tart of the hefieged PlaCieans efca^e 
through the fortification^ . of the enemie. The £ommons of 
Mitylene, armed hy the Kohilityfor afally on the enemy ^deli^ 
uer the towne to f fcf Acheriians . The refijue of. the Placce 
zns yeeld'to the heftfgen,and are put to the frfird-The procee- 
dingi <vponth^ Mitylenians, and their pHnijhment, The fe 
dition in Corey ra.. Laches is fent ij/ r/?e Athenians m- 
fo Sicily, ^nd Nic\2sintoMe\os.'Demoi\henTS/rghteth 
avainfl the y^tolians VnfortHnately ^ and afterT^^ards againft 
the Ambmcmes fortunately. Vyth^dorusu fent tnto Si- 
cily jo recciue the Fleet frfim,hichcs. Thif in other three 
yeeres of thi4 Warre. ..■■.'.: ," ' 

He Summer following , the Telo- 
ponnefianiyZTid their Confederates at 
the time when Corne was at the 
highefl: , cntred with their Army 
into Attica , vnder the Condu(5t of 
yircbidamw^ the ibnofZ^«,xii.:^>>«j, 
King of the Lacedaemonians, & there 
fet them downc , and wafted the 
Territory about . And the Jtb nia, 
hor'femen,as they were wont, fell vpon the enemy where 
V th€> 


V E E R B . 

T he TtUfmuJLai jnujde 


The Hi/lory ofT ny CYX) ID KS. Lib.^, 


The intention of the 
Ltibnat to leuolt, difco- 

Th« AthttMti feni 40. 
Gallic! to Z.(it«<t 

Uhey thought fie , and kept b^icke the multitude of A 
light-arracdSouldicrs, from going out before the men of 
Armcs, and infcfting the places necre the Citie. And 
when they had flayed as long as their viftuall laded, 
they returned, and were diflblued according to their 
Cities. .. 

After the peloponnefiam were entrcd ^ttka^ Lebios 
immediately, all but SMctbymric^ reuolted from the ^i- 
thcnians; which though they would haue done before 
the Warrc,, and the Luced^monians would not then rc- 
ceiue them, yet cuen now they were forced to re- B 
uolt fbbncr then they had intended to doe. For. they 
flayed to haue firll flraightencd the mouth of their 
Hauen with Dammes of Earth , to haue finifhed 
their Walles , and their Gallics then in building, and 
to haue gotten in all that was to come out of 'Pontut, 
as Archers, and Vid:uall, and whatfoeuer elfe they hi\4 
fentfor. ^\[ , - 

But the r^Mf^/d«^, with wnotn they were at oddes, 
and the JMethymnians , and 6f the \!Mityltnians them- 
felues, certainc particular men, vpon Fa(5licn, becing C 
Holies to the Athertians, made Jcnowne vnto them, that 
the Lesbians were forced togoeall into Mitylene; that 
by thehelpeofthc Lacedemonians, Sind their Kindred the 
Boeotians, tncy haflned all manner of prouifion neceflary 
for a R.euolt,and that vnlefle it were prefently preuented^ 
all L esbos would be lofl . 

The Athenians (afflidled with the Difeafe, and 
with the Warre now on foot, and 'at the hotted) 
thought it a dangerous matter, that Lesbos, which had 
a Nauie, and was of flrcngth entire, fhould thus bee D 
added to the refl of their Enemies ; and at firfl re- 
ceiued not the accufations, holding them therefore 
the rather feigned, becaufe they would not haue had 
them true. 

But after, when they had fent AmbafTadours to Mity- 
Une, and could not perfwadc them to diflbluc themfelues, 
and vndoc their preparation, they then feared the worfl, 
and would haue preucnted them. And to that purpole, 
fuddenly fent out the 40 .Gallies made ready for PelopSmfut 
with Cleippedes and 1 .Other Commanders. For they had bin E 
aduertifed, that there was a Holiday o^ApoUo Maloeti to be 


The Aihenitns iiupiifon 
fuch ot .'.ittykne as wcis a. 

ivib.^. Thehijlory of Thv cYDiDE s. I iJi^y 

A kept v/ichouc the Citie , and that to the celebration 
th zrzo^ dit \f.tficnians were accullomed , to come all 
out of the Towne ;and they hopeJ,iiuking hafle, to take 
them there viHwares. And if the attempt fucceeded, it 
was welhif not, they might command the j7/!itylenianito ^ 
deliucr vp their Gallies, and to dcmollilh their Walks .; ! 
or they might make VVarre againil them, if they refuled. 
So tiiefe Gallies went their way. And tcnne Gallies of i 
Miirhtev,'h.ich then chanced to be 2Z Athens, by vertue of i 
their League toaydethem, the Atheiiians flayed, and caft!;^!^,::.""'^"'^''''" 

B into prilbn the men that were in them in the meane time 
a certain* man went from .Athens into EuLaii by Sea, and 
then by Land to G/r^fliu, and finding there a Ship ready 
toputoff,hauing the Wind fauourable, arriued in Mity- 
/vr, three da) es after he iet forth from yfibens, and gaue 
them notice of the comming of the Fleet. Hereupon 
th?y not onely went not out to Mdo:h, as was expcclted, 
but alio (lopped the gappes of their Walles and Ports, 
where they were left xnfinifhed, and placed guards to de- 
feud them. 

C When the ^theniar.s, not long after, arriued, and faw 
this, the Commanders of the Fleet deliuered to thtMityU- 
nims .what they had in charge, which not harkened vnto, 
they prelently fell to the Warre. The Mitykninns vnpro- 
mded, and compelled to a Warre on fuch a fudden, put 
out iome few Gallies before the Hauen to fight .- but 
being driucn in againe by the Gallies o'^ ^Athens, they cal- 
led ;o the Jf^r«/r?« Commanders to parly; deriring,if they 
could, vpon reafonable conditions, to get the Gallies for 
the prelent fent away. 
D And tho. A:bmian Commander allowed the Conditi- 
ons, hee alfo fearing they fhould bee too weake to make 
Warre againfl: the whole Hand. 

When a celVation of Armes was granted, the SVaty- 
hnims amongil others, fent to Athens, one of thofe that 
hadgiuen inteligence there of their Defignc, and had re- 
pented him after of the fame, to try if they could per- 
jvvidc them to withdrawc their Fleet from them , 
as not intending *any innouation. Withall they fent 
AmbaiVadours at the lame time to Lacedxmon^ vndifl 
couered of the Flecte of the ^Athenians , which was 

to the North of the Citie ; 

! The Athcu'uPii gSu-e the 
j Mitykniam lime to purge 
I themlelues at ^them. 

riding at Anchor in * SMals 


Licediemm tcr aydc, 
• Thn MiiQipemctb not to 
be thePriimantorjiofWi- 
Ua, accm^lngloihcScsUojl, 
wbichliclb to iht Soulbof 
.Hitylene, batfimt other 
nccrerpldce,& aa :bc ?\(^i t!j 


The Hiftorjo/y- h v c y d i d e s. Lib. 3 1 

The M':i}ltiin AmbafTa- 
dots Ipccd not at /likfits. 

Theyfally outvponthc 
Meniam, but without 

Thtylyedii!, cxpc<fkirg 
hclpc iiataPeUfonnifui. 

The ^thtvimi fend for 
the aydes of their Con- 

The Mhrmam LnA .-tfo- 
pirn the fonne of l^io/mio 
with lot CtlUci :ibout 

being without: any confidence of theiV fuccefle at Jitbem. A 
And chele men after an ill voyage, through the wide Sea, 
arriuing at Laced.i^mon, negotiated the fending of aide from 
thence. Bucwhen their Amballadours were comebacke 
from ^thms, without eftedl,thc Mitylmans, and the reft of 
Leshs j(^>iu^ only Methymne, i^^or thefe^ together with the Im- 
[iriatiSjLcmnians^attd fome few other their Confederates ,ay- 
dcd the J^'.bcnims) prepared themfelues for the Warre. 
And the ^Htylenians with the whole flrength of the City, 
made a fally vpon the Athenian Campe,and came to a Bat- 
tcllj wherein though the Mitykniam had not the worfe,yet B 
they lay not that night without the Walks, nor durll 
truft to their ftrength, but retyring into the Towne, lay 
quiet there, expecting to try their fortune, with the accef- 
iiOH of fuch forces, as (if any came) they were to haue 
from Telopontiefus. For there were now come into the Ci- 
tic, one ^ic'lcas ^ Laconian, 2nd Hermiondas a Thcban, who 
hauing bin lent out before the reuolt, but vnable to arriue 
before the comming of the Acheman Fleet,fecretly,after the 
end of the Bittel,encred the Hauenina Gally,and pcrfwa- 
ded them to fend another Gaily along with them^with o- 
ther Ambafladors to Spnru ; which they did. But the Athe^ 
nians much confirmed by this the Mitylenians ccflation, cal- 
led in their Confederates, who bccaulc they faw no affu- 
ranceon the part of the Lesbians ,C3Lmt much Ibonerin then 
it was thought they would haue done^Sc riding at Anchor 
to tlie South of the Citie, fortified two Camps, on either 
fide one, and brought their Gallies before both the Ports, 
and fo quite excluded the Mitylemnns from the vfc of the 
Sea. As for the Land, the Athenians held ^o much onely as 
lay neerc their Campes, which was not much 5 And the 
Mitylenians and other^t were now come toayde 
them, were Mafters of the reft. For Malea ferued the Atbe- D 
ninns for a ftation onely for their Gallies, and to kecpe 
their Market in. And thus proceeded the Warre before 

About the fame time of the fameSummer,the Jtheniam 
fent likewife thirty Gallies into Pclopome(u<j \'nder the 
condudt of Afopim the fonne of pbormio • For the Acarnanians 
had dcfired them to fend fome fonne or kinfman of Pbormio 
for Generall into thofe parts. Thefe, as they fayled by, E 
wafted the maritime Countrey of Laconia, and then fen- 



^he Hijlory o/"T h v c y d i d e s, 

A ding backe the greatefl pare of his Fleet to ^ithcns, Ajophit \ 
hiinielte vvichcwelus Crallies went on to * Nmpa6UiuAnd 
afterwards hauing railed the v^)[hole.p(iwer o'lAcarnmia.hQ 
made Warre vpon the Oeniades, and toth cntred with his 
GalUes into the Riuer of cAcbelous, and with his Land- 
forces walled, tlie Territory. But when the Oenindes 
would not yeeld, hee disbanded his Land-forces, and fay^ 
Jed with his Galiies to L^«fjz/, and landed his Souldiers 
on the Territory of iV^r/V«w; But in going off, was by 
thoie of theCountre)^ that came out to defend it, and by 
B ibme few of the QarrifbnSouldiers there, both hirafelfc 
and part of his Company flaine. And hauing vpon truce 
receiucd from the Leucadinns their dead bodies, they went 
their waycs. 

Now the Ambafladours of the Mitykniansy that went 
out in the fird Gaily, hauing beene referred by the Lace- 
^<«/«(??;;>;i to the gcnerall meeting of th^ Grecians at Ohm^ 
pia, to the end they might determine of them, together 
with the reft of the Confederates, went to Oiympia accor- 
dingly. It w^s that ^ Ohmpiade wherein Doneuso( Rhodes 
(2 was the fecond time Vidror. And whena;feer the Iblem- 
nity,theywerefetinCouncell, theAmbafladours fpake 
vnto themiii thismanner. ■...y.^-oA./.v v -ri..! ..:. , 


AmbalTadours of M i t y l ^ n e. 

MEN of Lacedacmon, and Confederates, We know the 
recc*'A?d cujiomc of the Grecians : For they that take 
into League J Itch as remit in the Warres, and reUnqi^fJ) a 
D jormsr League^ though they like them as long as they haue profit by 
them, yet accounting them but Traitours to their former Friends^ 
they cfieeme the worfe oj them in their iudgement. .And to jay the 
iruthytbuiudgcment isnot without good rcafon, lohen they that 
retmt, and they from whom the reuolt is made, are mutually like- 
minded and afjcEied, and equaU in prouif on and (irength, and no 
iu(l caufe of their reuolt giuen^ But now betweene <vs and the A- 
thenians it is notfo. Nor let any man tbinke the worfe of<i;s, jor 
that hauing heme honoured by them in time of peace, -^e haue now 
reuolted in time of danger > For the firfi point of ourfpeecht ej^e- 
•^ daily now wc feeke to come into League with you, (ball bee to make 
good the injiice and honefiy of our reuolt. Forype know there can 




Afofm flaine. 

Ths MityWan AnibifTa- 
dours fecit lo Lactd<iK-:oa, 
aic appointed to attend 
the general! Affembiy . 
the Oreciam at Ol^mfit. 

Oljmfiadt 880 


The Hi/lory o/Tu Vyc yd i d" e 5. Lib, ^. 

bee neither firmc friefidfhip hetwt€ntman nnd man, nor any commu- A 
n'ton betipeene CineOfidCitie to any pur^oje "^hatfoener, without a 
mutual! opinion of each others honejiy , and aljo a fimilitude of 
cujlomes otker'^aycr.' For in the difference of mirides is grounded 
the diuerjity ofacliom^ ■■■ As for our League teith the Athenians, it 
ifosfirfi made, lichen yougaue ouer the Aledan Warre^ and they re- 
mained toprofecute thereltquesofthat buftnejfe : Jet 1>ee entred not 
fuch a League^ a^s to be their helpers in bringing the Grecians ' into 
theferukudeofthe Athenians j hut tofet free the Grecians /row 
the feruitude of the Alcdes. ^nd as long as they led vs as e' 
quals, "^ce follot^ed them ivith much ^eak ; but Tvhen Ti-ee ja^ they g 
remitted their enmity againfl the Medes, and led njs to the juhiuga- 
tion of the Confederfiics, IPC could tiot then hut bee afraid, ^nd the 
Confederates through the multitude of dijlin^ Councelsj (vnnhl'e to 
<VHite themfclnesfor reff}ance,fellallbut our Jelues and the Chians 
into their fubieHion 5 andlnee hauingflill ourowne LaweSjand being 
in nuine a free State, followed them to theWarrcs-^ hutfo, as by the 
examples of their former aHions J Tip e held them not any longer for 
faithful! Leaders. Tor it was not probable j t^hen they had Jubdued 
thofe,'k'hom together ^ith ysthey tooke into league , but that^ when 
theyf}?ould bee able^ they Tfould doe the like alfo by the reft. It is true Q 
thatif'^e t^ere now in liberty all, "Pjee ?night bee the better affured, 
that they would forbtare to innouate ; hut fince they haue ynder them 
the greateflpart already, in all likelthood they ivill take it iti^ to deale 
on equall termes Vtth ys alone j and the refl yeelding^ to let n}s enely i 
fland Vp as their eijuals. Efpecially fifhen by how much they are be- j 
come fir onger by the fubieB ion of their (Confederates ^ by fo much the I 
more are wee become defolate. ^ut the equality ofmutuall feare, is \ 
the onely band of faith in Leagues. For hee that hath the TViU to tranf- 
greffe^yefUfhen he hath not theoddes offlrength^ will abflame from 
comnnng on. t^ow the reajon why they haue left Ms yet free^ ts no D 
other, but that they may haue a fair e colour to lay fvpon their domih-a- 
tion ouer the refl ; and becaufe it hathfcenied Vnto them more expe- 
dient to take Vs in by policy, then by free. For therein they made v/e 
ofa.'s,foran argwnent, that hauing equall n^ote with them, wee 
ipould ncuer haue followed them to the Warres, ifthofe againfl Tifhom 
thtyledVSjhad not done the iniury. And thereby alfo they brought 
the fir onger againfl the weaker, and referuing theflrongefltothe lafi^ 
made them the weaker, by remomng the refl. Whereas if they had 
begunneti>ith <vs , when the Confederates had had both their o^'ne 
flrength,and a fide to adhere to^ they had neuerfuhdued themfo eafi- E 
ly.' Likeli^tfe our ISlauy kept them infomefeare, le/lvniteiland 


Lib.^. The Hi^ofy (^Thv ct DID Es, 

A addeltoymrs^ or to any other, it mi^ht haue created tUmfomtdnn- 
gtr. <Partiy aifs ffie -gfcaped hy our obferuance toward Mr Commons- 
and moft eminent men, from ttme to time. 'But yet T^efiill thm^ht we 
could not doefo iong.conftdering the examples they haue freTPedrvs in 
the reft^ifthu Warre jhiuld not haue fallen out. What friendjhip 
then or ajfurance of liberty wai this , lichen we ricemed each othei" 
Vtth alienated affzElions ? f>fhen tohilji they had Warres , thg fcr 
feare courted -vi^atul S^hen they had 'Peace ^we for feare courted them? 
anivfhereas in others ^oodTi^tliaftireth loyalty^ in Vi itTi;^ the efcEl 
of feare? Soit was more for feare then loue, that^e remained their 

B Confederates ; and Tthomfoeuerfecurityjhouldfirft emlclden^he -^^ 
frji Itkely by one meanes or other to breakethe league, ^ow if any 
man thinke Tbe did-uniuftly^to rcutltn^pon the expe&ation ofeuiU in- 
tended, Ti^tthoHt flaying to be certaine , -whether they would doe it 
or notyhe ftfetghethmt the matter aright. For iffi^e were as die t6 
contriue euill againft them,and againe to deferre it,a^ they can .wainjl 
ys^beingthus equaH.what needed ys to be at their difcretion ? But 
feeing it is in their hands to inuade atpleafure, it onght to b^ in oUrs to 
anticipate. Vpon the fe pretentions thertfofe , andcaufes, Men of 
Lacedacmon & Confederaces^Ti^f haue reuoUed,the which are both 

C cleare enough for the hearers to iudge vpon, that fi^e had nafvn for it, 
and weighty enough to affright ^and compeliys to take fame cour/e for 
auro^ne fafety- Uich we T^suld haue done before , whmbtforethe 
Warre.toefent Ambaffadours toyou about our reuolt.but could 
caufe youTi^ouldnot then admit Vs into your league. And 7iow when 
the Boeotians imited ws to it^ weprejently obeyed. Wherein Tt^ee 
thought we made a double reuolt, one from the Grecians , in ceafuKr 
to doe themmifchiefet^ith the Athcnkm, and helping to fet them 
free, and another from the Athenians, in breaking ^rj}, and not 
Jiaytngte be deftroyedhy them hereafter. 'But this re uolt of ours hath 

D beenefooner then was fit, and before we Teere prouided for it. For 
which caufealfo the Confederates ought fo much thefooner to admit 
rvs into theleague,andfend-\fsthe (Reedier aide^thereby the better, at 
once,both to defend thofeyou ought to defend , and to annc^your ene- 
mies. Whereof there was neuer better opportunity then at this prc- 
fint. For the Athenians beingboth Tt>ith the likenejfe , and their 
great expences confumed,and their Nany diuided.part vponyoiir oTb;; 
O'^Ph^^d part ypon ours, it is not likely they fhould haUe many Gal- 
liesjpare m cafe you againe this Summer inuade them , both by Sea 
and Land ; but that theyfhould either be Enable to rcft/i the inuafwn 

E your Fleet^or be forced to come of from both our Coajles. ^nd 
{ctnotanymanconceiuethatyoHjhaU herein, atyouroTi^ne danger 

% _ . - ^ defend 




The Minlenidtstoii!: into 
ihe UcttUmoman league. 

The Hifloryo/T h v c y d i d e s. Lib.5. 

th9t*^h Lesbos feeme remote i A 

dcfejtd the Territory of another. For 

the profit of it Tt^iU be neereyour. For the Warre Ttfili not be] (U a mm 
Ti;ould thinkejn AttiCSL,but there ^ from ifhence commeth the profit 
to Attica. This profit is the reuenue they haue frork ^iheir Confede- 
-i^hichiftheyfHbdueVSjTlpillfltUhe greater. For neither y^ill 

The UctAtviomtm pre- 
pare lor ihe inuafion ot 

any other reuolt^and all that is ours mil accrew ynto them j and wee 
jhall beTtforje handled he fides ^ then thofe that "^ere ynder them he- 
fore. 'But aiding Vj Ifith diltgence .you pall both adde to your league 
(Itiejthat hath a^eat ]>(auy(the thingyou moftjland in need of) 
andalfo eafily ouer throw the Athenians by JubduBion ef their 
(Confederates i, becaufe euery one loill then be more confident to come B 
in^andyoufhall auoyd the ioipMtation of not af sifting fnch m reuolt 
yntoyou. And if it appeare that your endeuour is to make them free ^ 
your Jirength in this Warre y^ill be much the more confirmed. In re- 
uerence therefore of the hopes "^htch the (jtreciins haue repofed in 
yottjandoftheprefence oflupltcr Olymplus ^inli^hofe Temple here j 
we are in a manner fuppltants to you, receiue the Mityknians into 
leaguejUnd aydeys, Jnddoe hotcaft\>s off, who, {though ^as to theex- 
pofingofourperfons, thtdanger he our o^ne) Jhall bring a common 
profit to all Grecce,ifTife profper .anda more common detriment to all 
the Grecians, ifthroughyour inflexiblenejfe fife mi/carry. 'Be you 
therefore men/uch as the Grecians efteemeyou^ and our feares re- C 
^uireyoti to be. In this manner fpakc the SMityknianSy 

And the Laced^mnians , and their Confederates, when 
they had heard,and allowed their reafons, decreed not one- 
\y a League with the Lesbians^ but alfo againc to make an 
inuafion into Attica . And to that purpofe^the Lacedaemo- 
nians appointed their Confederates there prefent, to make 
as much fpeedas they could with two parts of their for- 
ces, into the Ifihmw -, And they themfelucs being firlt 
there,prepared Engines in the Ifthmus for the drawing vp 
of Gallies,with intention to carry the Nauy from Qrintb D 
to the other Sea that lyeth towards Athens , and to let vp- 
on them both by Sea and Land. And thefc things di- 
ligently did they. But the reil of the Confederates aiVem- 
bled but flowly, being bufied in the gathering in of their 
fruits,and weary of Warfare. 

The Athenians perceiuing all this preparation to bee 
made,vpon an opinion oftheir weaknelle, and defirous to 
let them fee they were deceiued , as being able without E- 
fl-irring the Fleet at Usbos,cMy to mailer the Fleet that 

fhould ^ 

Lib.^. TheHiprjoftw 

— rrTs — ■^—^ 

C'Wf DES. 


A fhould come agaliifl: them out o^Pehpon'nkliii, miiU)Mbht: 
100 Gallies,and imbarked therein generally ,boih Citizens 
C except thofe of the degree of * p jntacofiomfdifnniy -dnd 
^ Horlem^n) and alfo Grangers that dwelt ^mongfi fhcm'^ 
And fayling to the Iflhmw.madQ a (hew of their ilreugth, 
and landed their Souldiers in iuch parts of '^Pehponntiiu, 
as they thought fit. AVhen the Lncelmon'ums favv 
things fo contrary to their expedlation, they thought it 
fallc , which was fpoken by the Lesbian AmbailadorSiand 
cdeeming the action difficult , feeing their Confederates 

B were not arriued,and that nswes was brought of the wa- 
ding of the Territory neere their City , by the 3 o Oallies 
formerly fent about Peloponnejiu by the Atbraums, went 
home againe ^ and afterwards prepared to fend a Fleet to 
La/'OT,and intimated to the Cities rateably to furnifh 43 
Gallies.and appointed Alcidds, who was to goe thither 
with them /or Admirall. Andthc^'iibemanSy whenchey 
faw the Pelopowifians gone, went likewife home with 
their hundred Gallies. 

About the time that this Fleet was out, they had furely 

Q the moilGallics in a(5tion(befidcs the beauty of them jthac 
cuer they had at once. But in the beginning oftht wSr^diey 
had as good Gallics and alfo more in number. For 100 
attended the guard 0^ Attica, Euhcca,md S.iidhiu, and another 
10 J were about ^elopome(ui ^hdides thofe that Were at Po- 
f/V<€./,aud in other places. So that in one Sumrtier,they had 
in all,i 50 Sayle. And this,together with ^ond^A , was 
it,that moil exhauftcd their treafure. For the * men of 
Armes that befieged the Citie , had each of them two 
drachmaes a day,one for himfelfe,and another for his man, 

D & were z. 000 in number that were fent thither at firftjand 
remained to the end of the Siege; befides i6oo more, 
that went with 'P/;orw/o and came away before the Town 
was won. And theGallies had all the fime pay. In this ma- 
ner was their money confumed , and fo many Gallies em- 
ployed,the moil indeed that euer they had manned at once. 
About the fame time that the L.tced^monrans were in the 
1JJ)MM , the :7Ait;iknians marched by Land , both they and 
their auxiliaries,againflM?//;)m»?, in hope to haue had it 
betrayed vnto them ; and hauing aflaulted the Citie, when 

E itfucceedednot the way they looked for,they went thence 

to Ami fi,Pjrrha,md Ereijwi2indzktr th^yh^d fettled the 

X affaires 

Tlif ^then'tm to ninkc 
Incvv of ilicir powrr,aii»l 
10 d. tcrrethccn my 
(cud 100 Oalliti.notlo 
iTiutli to w.iftc l'ch;;i.7inc- 
/»),asto conbt!- ihi opi- 
nion wlucli (hu Usi''j,i 
Anibalfadorb lud put in- 
to the Ljccti<t irooLU'S ot 
tlieir wcakcntdV. 

• -V dcgrcr ejitt/taie.: by 
iheiT rvc.'Mhyfi ifunejm- Id 
fMy,>t:cn thai Ijjd ^oolL:1 
diom rtai uc,as li,ey)a{an 
III Scotland. 

* Hi^!ei«;en,f:ich ,a i^-pi a 
Horltit laucihe'itite,a},d 
wcre-jilucd at 100 did. 

The grcatncffc of thj A- 

r'j«ff/ij« Nauy,&ocraIi3n 
j of their great cxpciu 
of money. 

*amTM, AmnofArwKi 

hd double fiy furhimfelfc 
and fill afcrtiant. 

The tfityUniant goe wi:h 
a power io,.Metl>^rnne,ho- 
ping tohaue it bcci aycd. 


I' he Htjlory ofT m v c 




\riih icoomenof Aimcj 
to Mii}tci>e. 

The end of the fourth 
' i7ioo {MHiJIalmg. 

out of T/flf*", thorow the 

of rh< ir Ladders by con- 
jeiiuitvpon counting 

\ affaires of thofe places,and made llrong their wals^returned A 
fpccdily home. When thefc were gonc^the Malxymneans 
likcwife made War vpon Antijf*, but beaten by the Antifsi- 
(J7zx,and feme auxihariesthat were with them, they made 
halle againc to J^Utbymne, with the loile of many of their 
Souldiers.Buc the Athenians bemg aduertized hereof,and vn- 
deribndingthat the 3iityLmar:s were maftersof the Land, 
and thit their own Soldiers there.were not enough to keep 
them in^ fcnt thither, about the beginning of Autumne, 
Pacbes.thefonne oj Bpicurw, with looo men of Armes, of 
their owne Citic, who fupplying the place of Rowers B 
themfehies5arriucdatM;r>.e.j<;, and ingirt it with a fmgle 
wall. Saue that in fome places, tlronger by Nature then 
therell, they cnely built Turrets , and placed guards in 
them. So that the Citie was euery way llrongly beficged, 
both by Sea and Land j And the Winter began. 

Thc.//;/;^«Ai/3ifl:anding in need of mony for the Siege, 
both contributed themfelucs, and fent thither * ioo Ta- 
lents of this their firfl: contribution,& alfodifpatched Lyft- 
cks,zu<i 4 others, with 41 Gallies,to leuie money amongfl: 
the Confederates. But Lyficlesy after he had beenc to and C 
fro^and-ga^Jiered money in diucrs places , as he was going 
vp from j;M>w, thorow the Plaines of Meander in Carta, 
as farre^s to the hill Sayiditu, wzs fet vpon there by the 
GrM«/and./^,-j^?M»i,andhimfclfcwitha great part of his 
Souldiers, flaine. 

The fame Winter the PUuans (^or they were yet be- 
fieged by the Pcloponne/rans jZnd Baotiani)prc&d now with 
want of Viftuall, and hopeleffe of reliefe from ^thens^ 
and no other meanes of fafcty appearing, tooke Counfell, 
both they , and the Athenians that were befieged with D 
them,at firftall togoe out,andjif they could^to paffc ouer 
the wall of the enemy by force. The Authors of this 
attempt, were Thc^enetus the /onne of Tmidas, sl Soorhlayer, 
and EupolpidcLs the fonne o/I)^»»^(:/;»t^, one of their Comman- 
ders. But halfe of them afterwards , by one meanes or 
othcr,for the greatnefleof the danger , fhrunke from it 
againe. But zio or thereabouts, voluntarily perfiftcd, to 
goe out, in this manner. They made them Ladders, fit for 
theheightofthc enemies wall} the wall they meafured 
by the Layes of Bricke, on the part toward the Towne. E 
where it was not Plaiftcrcd ouer; and diuers men at 
I once 

/..tlic mount oj ecM^tfz (ja^t u/tj by the [Peloporju-e^ia^u. ifi .c^f'n^ ma// 
i(^ft irz/varok by t/ie Jp CafcFOiVi to fi^i^trate tfie effect of tfie mount, 
i.jne rt> ork^ of t/te Jj^e Cop onfreita-ru .JD.J^/te place tvAef^ tfie Jp la/cFiini 
JO oti-e^^. E^.^/ie, cCttcfi m^' ottt,fu// of fvatc^^ ^^ . 

UbyU TheH-ifiorjofT- H v^f 15 i'b^E4.V 


A odce.nmnbred che layes of Bricfcfc, whereof though ibiiid 
milletj, yet the greatefl: parbrookc cbe reckoning iu(t ; c-*. 
fpccially,nuinbi?ing chemtdfcen, and at nogrcac'd/ltaiice- 
buc where chey might «alHy-foe^th'e.'part, t» whi<^h' their 
Ladders were so bee apply ed ; and fo by guellb' of the 
thickneircofoneBricke, tookc the ineafure of their Lad- 
ders. . -'^ ..i;:.> -I .'I'/ :.. ..._'. : ■ 

A^ for Ehc! Wall of die ^aliopohnsfms; it Wis thbs builc. 
It confided of a doliblc -Circle, one -towards ^laua, and 
another oucv/ard , in cafe of an aflaulc ^vom ^thsm. 
B Thefc two Walles were dillant one frorti the other about 
fixtcenefootj and chat fixteenefootbf fpace which was 
betwixt chem^wasdifpofcdand built into Cabines for the 
Watchmen, which were fo ioyned and Continued one to 
another, that the whole appeared to be one tliicke Wall, 
with Battlements on either fide. At euery tennc Battle- 
ments, ftood agreat Towerofa iuft breadth, to^compre- 
hend both Walles and reach from theoutmofl: to the in- 
moil front of the whole, fo that there was no paOage by 
theiide of a To wre, but through then^iddell ofit. ' And 
C luch nights as there happened any (lormeof Rairie^ they 
vfed CO quit the Battlements, of the ^W^ll/ aiid to 'watch 
vnder the Towres,as being not farrei afunder, andcouered 
befide ouerhead. Such was che^fo^e of the Wall 
wherein the Pdoponnejians kept their' Watch. The Pia- 
f^4«j,,after they were ready, and hadatteftded a terapeflu- 
ous night, and withall Moonelefle, went out of the Citie, 
and were condu(!ied by the lame men- that were f he Au- 
thors of che Attempt. And firft they palled the Ditch 
that was about the Towne, and then came vp clofe to the 
D Wall of the Enemy, who, becaufe it wasdarke,could not 
fee them comming ; and thenoyfe they made as they went 
could not be heard for the bluftering of the wind. And 
they came on befidcs at a good dii lance one from the o- 
ther, that they might nor bee betrayed by the clafhing of 
their Armcs; and were but lightly armed, and not rfiod 
but on the left foot, for the more ileddineUe in the v/tt. 
They came thus to the Battlements, in one of the fpaces 
betwcene Towre and Towre, knowing that there was 
now no Wacch kept there. And fird came they that car- 
s' ried the Ladders, and placed them to thie Wall; then n . 
lightly armedjOncly withaDaggeranda Breftplace, went 
" X X vp. 

The defcriprfon ohhc 
fortificstion of the I'i'.^ 

The defcriptionof the 
Futoiaigojng oucr the 


The Hi/lory o/Th v c y d i b W. L ib. ^. 

« rhrrt is no tr.tntm tf t'otfe 
:,oon>hatlbe AHthot nU- 
B4I It Pfji fe ti,idt>(k»d. 

\ p, led by ^rnmcasy the fbnnt of f^oubid; Who was^rhe A 
tiril that mounted j and they tliapfoUowfd Him, w#fit^\^ 
inco either Towre &■, To thefeiiicceeded; tochers h'ghtly- 
armed, that carrycd the. Darts, fob? whom they that came 
after, carried Tacgets at theii: baizkes, thaothey might bee 
the more expedite to get vp, which Targecsthey were to 
deliucr to them, when they came to the Enemy. At 
length, when mofl: of theihlvere afccnded, they "N^ere 
heard by the Watchmen that were in.the Towresjfol: one 
of the 'P/^^M«j taking hold of the Bactlenieilts,- threw 
dovvnc a Tyle, which made anoyfc in the fall ; and pre- B 
fently there wasan Alarme. And the Armie ran to the 
Wall i for in the darke and flormie night, they knew not 
what the danger was. And the plat^ansthit were left in 
the Citie, came forth withall, and aflaulted the Wall of 
the Ic'dopomefians^ on the oppoiitc part to that where their 
men went ouer. So that though they were all in a tumult 
intheir feuerall places, yet nocany of them that watched, 
durll (lirre to the aydc of the reft, nor were able to conie- 
dture what had happened. But * thofe three hundred that 
were appointed tq afsill the Watch vpon all occafions of Q 
neede, went witbo.ut/ the Wall, and made towards the 
place of the clamor. They alfo held vp the fires,by which 
they vfed to make [knownc the approach of Enemies, to- 
wards T/jc-i-fj. Bun then the Plauans likewife, held out 
many other fires from the Wall of the Citie, which for 
that purpofe they had before prepared, torender the fires 
of the Enemic infignificant, and that the Thebans appre- 
hending the matter otherwife then it was, might forbeare 
to fend help, till their men were ouer, and had recouercd 
fome place of fafety. D 

In the meane time, thofe 'Plat^eans^ which hauing Icaled 
the Wall firft, and (laine the Watch, were now rnafters 
of both the Towres, not onely guarded the paflages, 
by (landing themfelues in the entries, but alio applying 
Ladders from the Wall to the Towres, and conueying 
many men to the toppc, kept the enemies off with (hot, 
both from abouc and below. In the meane fpace, the 
greatell number of them hauing i;earcd to the Wall many 
Ladders at once, and beaten downe the Battlements, pail 
Ccd quite ouer bctweenc the Towres, and euer as any of E 
them got to the other fide, theyflooditill vpon the brinke 


A of cheDitch vvitlioiic, and vVIth ;Arrowd''^nd Ehrt's, kept 
off thofc that came by the butficfe of thd Wall td hinder 
their parage. And when the t^ft were;orfef , theti'M of 
all, and-With much adoc, ''6^hi6 ih^y alf6 downe po the 
Drcch^,\Vhi(::hwci-c iti thc'fcvvb Towres. And by- this 
time.t'lie three hundred that 'ivere to afsill the Watrcih, 
canieandietvp6h'thc;tn, and hacj lights with thfyti- by 
which meanes'thdp,to4«j thatw-ferc^oh'the further brih'ke 
of the pitch, dird(^rned them the better from out of the 

_, darke, and aimed their Arfowes alid Darts at their 'ition 

B diiarmeli parts. For,.ft:andinginthedarke, the lights of 
the Enemiemade thie.^/<?Le/i'w.»- t:he lelle difcernable. Info- 
rnuch a-s fhefe laft paiTed the Ditch, though with .diffi- 
culty and force. For the Water in it was frozen ouer, 
though ftot ib hard as to beare, butwatrie, and fuch as 
when the Wind is at Eail, rather then at N^orth ; and the 
Snow which fell that night; together with Co great a 
Wind as that was, had very much increafed the Water, 
which they waded thorow, with fcarce their heads aboue. 
But yet the greatrtcfle of the ftormc was the prineipall 

Q meancs of their efcape. 

From the Ditch, die Plauans, in troope,rpoke the way 
towards Thehsj leauing on the left hancfthe Temple of Imo, 
built by Andmrates, both for that thcy fiippofccf, they 
would leafl: fufpedt the way that led ^o their Ertebiies, 
and alfo becaufe.they faw the Pehpomejians with their 
lights purfue that way, which by Mount Ciih^ron jZn<i the 
Oakd'beads, led to Athens. The. Pldt<eam, when they had 
gone 6. or 7. Furlongs, forfooke the Thelfdn way, and tur- 
ned into that which led towards the Mouhtainc, to Ery- 

D thr^, and Hjf:^^ and hauing gotten the Hilles, cfcaped 
through to .Athens, being z 1 1 . perfons of a greater num- 
ber : for fome of them returned into the Citie, before the 
red went ouer ; andoneof their Archers was taken vpon 
the Ditch without. And fothe ^eloponnefiam gaue ouer 
the purfuite, and returned to their places. But the pUu- 
ans that were within the City, knowing nothing of the e- 
uent, and thofe that turned bacfce hauing told them, that 
not a man efcaped, as foone as it was day, fent a Herald to 
entreat a Truce, for the taking vp of their dead bodies 5 
, but when they knew the truth , they gaue it ouer. 
And thus thefe men of 'Tlatdit pafled through the 



rij»miftrtoi tnt ,■> • 
.iiJit \ •.:■ 


TleHiflory »/,Thvc t:o.i D £,s. Lib.?, 

StUiha a lactdot^nuin, 
cnticthlecrctlyinto iMJ- 
:ylmc, and corfirmcth 
them with hofc of 
fpeedy aide. 

The Fifth 

Yf PS B. 

Atuu ibe fourcb time 

?auf»Kii King ofX«r^<- 

5.(i«li(watmesil>e Com 
mons for* Sally. Thcjr 
iruiir.y, andgiucvp 

Fortification of their/ Enemies ,^?ji(iIi^>verCif0Ved.. A 

About the end of thefame Wi"cer], S[^UtbM^ Lacedmo- 

«M»/was fencing Gallic to J^/jt^'/^^^^ cornmiug firft 

<^yrrha , ai?d thence ;;gojng ., to^ ^ityiern;. b){ Xand, 


entrcd theCitieby thedry channell of a.certain^i'J'Qcre^ti 
wliich had a paflage through the W»ll of the ^At^niam, 
ndifcouercd. And hce told the Magiftrates, that ^mv^ 
{hould againebe inuadedj apd that thc^4o. Gallies which 
were to aide them, were, cpmming}, and that himlelfe 
was fent afore, both to let them i^now it, and withall to 
giue order in the reft of their affaicf s. Hecrcupon the; B 
MityknUns grew confident, and hearkned lefle tpjCompofi- 
tion with the y4tbdnians. And the Winter ended, and the 
fourth jeere of this Warre written by 1 'hucydides. 

In the beginning of the Summer, after they had Tent 
Jkidaj zwny with the * 41. Gallies, whereof he was Ad~ 
mirall, vnto SMitykne, both they and their Confederates 
inuaded Attica -^ to the end, that the Aihenians troubled on 
both fides, might the lelle fendfupplyagainft the Fleet 
now gone to Mitykne. In this Expedition, Ckomenes was 
Generall, in ftead of T<j«/<?»mj thefonneofpZ/y/o^w^iA,-, who q 
being King, was yet in minority, and .Qtomenes was his 
Vncle by the Father. And they now cut downe, both 
what they had before wafted and began to grow againe, 
and alfo whatfocuer elfe they had before pretermitted. 
And this was the fharpeft inuafion of all but the, fccond. 
For whileft they ftayed to hcare newes from their Fleet 
at Lesbos^ which by this time they fuppofed to haue 
bcenearriucd, they went abroad, and deftroycd moft part 
of the Countrcy. But when nothing fucceeded according 
to their hopes, and feeing their Corne failed, they re- j) 
tyred againe, and were diflblued according to' their 

The Mityknians in the meane time, feeing the Fleet 
came not ^romTeloponnefus, but delayed thetime,and their 
victuals failed, were conftrained to make their compofiti- 
on with the Athcniansy vpon this occafion. SdUthw^v/htn. 
hec alfo expected thefe Gallies no longer, armed the 
CommonsoftheCitic, who were before vnarmcd, with 
intention to haue made a Sally vpon the ^Jjenimf, but 
they, as foone as they had gotten Armes, no longer obey- E 
cdthe Magiftrates, but holding Aflemblies by them- 


i.ib.g. T/^e Bijicr^y of T Hvcr DID ES, 


A fellies, required che rich men, either to bring their Cdrne 
to light,and diuidc it amoogft them all, or elfc, they faid, 
th'y would make cneir compoficion by deliucping vp the 
Cicic to ths Athenians. 

Thof: that managed the State,percciuing this,and vna- 
ble to hinder it, knowing ajjTo their owns danger , in cafe 
they were excluded out ofthe compofitionjthey all ioynt- 
\y agreed to yeeid the Citie to paches , and his Army ; 
with thefe conditions. To If e proceeded ffiitballat the pleasure 
ofii)c people of Athens ; and to receiue the y^rmie into the 
B Ciii ;and that the Mitykw.^nsfl>Quld (end Amhaffadors to A- 
X.\rii\s, about, their ov?ne bufinefje -.And that Pachcs till their 
re-i.M n Jhjuld neither put in bonds, nor make Slaue of, nor Jlay any 
Mitylenian. This was the cffetftof that corapofition. 
But fuch of the M/f^/^«w»j as had principally pracflizcd 
with the Lacedemonians, bdn^ afraid of rhemlelues, when 
the Army was entred the Citie.durO. not trull to the Con- 
dicions agreed on,but tooke Sanctuary at the Altars. But 
Pdches hauing raifed them, vpon promife to doe them no 
iniury lent them to Tenedos^to be in cullody there, till the 
Q pwpic of J:h:ns flioukl haue refolued what to doe. After 
this, he fcnt ibme Gallies to ^w//^^, and tooke in that 
Tovvne , and ordered the affaires of his Armie as he 
thought conuenient. 

In the meane time , thofc 40 Gallies of Peloponnefw 
which fhouid haue made all pofsible hafte, trifled away 
the time about Peloponnefm^znd making final 1 Ipeed in the 
rellof their NauIgation,arriucd at D^/{?j,vnknowne to the 
^'itheniam at Athens. From thence fayling to Icariu and 
Myconum.thcy got firft inteUigence of the lofle o^ Mitylene. 
D But to know the truth more certainly, they went thence to 
EmJtAtw in Erythv^ was about the feuenth day after the 
taking of Mitykne, thzt they arriucdat Embatuf, where vn- 
derrtanding the certainty , they went to counfcll , about 
what they were to doe vpon the prefent occafion and Jeu- 
tuphn an hjV^«,deiiuered his opinion to this cffed:. 

Alcidas^ ar.d the refl that haue command of the Peloponnefi- 
ans ;» r/;w Army, it were not amiffe^ in my opinion^ togoe to Miry- 
kne,.?j -^e are, before aduice begiuen of our arriuall- ( Form all 
probability ^rvejlmll find the Qtyjn reJpeB they hatte but lately -^on 
E it^yery ti>caklyguarded)and to the Sea,(-vc>here they expeB no ene- 
my i<md wc are chiefly flrong)not guarded at all. It u alfo likely that 


Some of the Mitylen'ian 
fearing tbeworft,tak< 

Whom Pacbtt perfv/adtth 
to rife. 
And I'endeth them to bcc 
ini\i&od;f utTtrndn, 

The Toytge of ^kidat 
nith 40 Rallies iato ia- 

Akidas with his 
Zmbitut i% aHured at che 
lofle oiUitjknt, 

The aduife ofTmnflx* 
in theCounccIluf 


T^he Hi/lory 0/ T h v c y d i D e s •• Lib , ^, 

The »dolce ofccrwinc 

TVieeowardly relolotion 


The Simem (harpely re- 
prehend hio^ 

^U'ldas maketh haft from 


* Ti't rfmeioflwo Oallut 


(har land Houldiers are^dijperlcd.iome in one hbufe,and(ome in an- . 
(H.bc^ycarekjly as rviBon, Therefou if we fail i^pon ih^mjudden- 
iy',and hy night J thinke,mh the helper o/" tf)dp within ( ij any bes 
Ujt there that rviR take our part ) we may he able to pojlej^e our 
jelues of the Citie. And 1»cjhal} neuerfeare the danger , if we but 
tbinke t hit, that all Stratagems of Warre whatfoeucr ^ are no tnorc^ 
l/utfuch occafions as tbi^, which if a Qommdnder auoid in himfelje, 
and take the Mu<ima£e of them J» the enemy , he JhaOJor the mofl 
part haueidodjuccejje. Thus faid he , but preuailed not 
with Alcidoj. And fomc others , Fugitiues of Ionia , and 
thole Lesbians that were with hira in the Fleet , gauc him B 
counfell, That feeing he feared the danger of thit, he jhould fta^ 
jgmc Citie oj lonu, or Cume i» JBoUZjtbat hauin/ fome Towne 
for the feat of the Warre.they might from thence, force Ionia to rc- 
uoltjwhereof there waj hope^becaufe the lonians woitld not be njti- 
yviUing to fee him there. u4nd if the^ could "Withdraw from th 
Athenians this their great reuenue , and wthall put them to 
maintaine a Fleet a^ainfi tbem^ it ypould be a great exhaujling of 
their trea/ure. Theyjaid be fides , that they thought they fljeuld be 
able togetVi(i'uthnes,to ioyne ypith them in the Warre. 

But .4/aV(yreie(5tedthis aduice likewile, inclining rather Q 
to this opinion,that fince they were come too late to Mity- 
lene, they were belt to returne fpeedily into Peloponnefw. 
Whereupon putting off from Embatus.hc faylcd by the 
Shoare to Myonnefus of the Teians , and there flew moft of 
the prifoncrs he had taken by the way. After this hee 
put in at Ephejus, and thither came Ambailadours to 
him from the Samians of ^n^a , and told him , that it was 
but an ill manner of fetting the Grfc/4«j at Hbcrty, to kill 
fuch as hadnotliftvp their hands againft him , nor were 
indeed enemies to the 'Pehponnefians, but Confederates to D 
the Athenians by condraint. And that vnlelle he gaue-oiier 
that courfe,he would make few of the enemies,his friends; 
but many now fricnds,to become his enemies. Wherefore 
vpon thefe words of the Amball~adours,he kt the Chinns^ 
and fome others,all that he had left aliue, at liberty. For 
when men faw their Fleet, they neuer fled from it , but 
came vntothem as to Athenians 5 little imagining that the 
Athenians being mailers of the Sea, the Teloj'Orm^ duril 
haue put ouer to Ionia. 

From Fpbe(m,^l:idaj went away in hafle , indeed fled ; E 
for he had bin defcried by the * Salaminia, and thc^T aralus, 


The H'tflory ofT! hvgydides. 


A (which by chance were then in their courfe for Athens,) 
whileft he lay at Anchor about Qlaros, and fearing to bee 
chafed, Ifept the wide Sea, meaning by his good will, to 
touch no Land, till hee came into Peloponne(m. But the 
newes of them came to Pacbcs from diucrs places,efpccial- 
ly from Ery^/^r-e^ : for the Cities of /tj«w being vnwalled, 
were afraid extremely, left the Teloponnefiam (^LyWu^ by, 
without intention to Itay, fhould haue pillaged them as 
they paflcd. But the Salaminia and the 'Paralw hauing 
feene him at Clarost brought the ncwes themfelues. And 

B Pacbcs thereupon made great hafte after, and followed 
him as farre as Lntmos * the Hand .- but when he favv hee 
could not reach him, he came backe againe ; and thought 
he had a good turnc, feeing hee could not ouertake thofe 
Gallies vpon the wide Sea, that the fame were not com 
pelledjby being taken in fbme place neere Land, to forti 
fie themfelues, and fb to giue him occafion with guards 
and GaUies, to attend them. 

As hee came by, in his rcturnc, hee put in at Notium, a 
City of the Colophoniam ^'mto which the Colophonians came 

C and inhabited, after the * Towne aboue, through their 
ovvne fedition, was taken by Itamanes and the Barbarians i 
(This Towne was taken at the time w\im Attica was the 
fecond time inuaded by the Peloponne^ans.) They then 
that came downe, and dwelt in Notium, falhng againe into 
fedition^ the one part hauing procured ibme forces, Orca- 
dians and Barbarians of Tiifuthnes, kept them in a part of the 
Towne, which they had feuered from the reft with a 
Wall, and there, with fuch of the Colophonians of the high 
Towne, as being of the Medan faction, entred with them, 

D they gouerned the Citie at their pleafure .- and the other 
part which went out from thefe, and were the Fugitiues, 
Drought in Paches. He,when he had called out Hippias,Cap- 
taine of the Arcadians that were within the laid wall, with 
promife, if they fhould not agree, to fet him fafc and 
found within the Wall againe j and Hippias was 
therc-vpon come to him 5 committed him to cu- 
ftody, but without bonds ; and withall affaulting the 
Wall on a .fudden, when they expe(rted not, tooke 
it, and flew as many of the Orcadians and Barbarians 

E as were within. And when hee had done, brought 

HZ/jpi^rinagaJLT^^^^ according as hee had promifed. 

- Y But 

PiK^^f puifueththe Vtlo- 
pararfijm, and is glad lie 
oucrti'kctli them not. 
« jBiiijlniflim lu Laimus 
ihe MoknUivt, hull (an 
pnde i'o minim efth'y Lat- 
nnis the llandin any vfthi 

Piihes reftorcth Kotiu 
to the Cohphoifiim,daact\ 
outby fcdilion, 
"The City ef Colophon, i. 
miUi higbci tnta the Land, 

?dches parlieih whh H'if- 



The Hi/lorj of Thv cjDirtES. Lib.^. 

1 li^quiuocoiion with 
i^ixi -.vhom he put to 
desth coutxary to pto- 

T<jfl«fakcth P;)rfe4, and 


He apprchcndcch So!*- 

ibm \niinyltHt. 

/bjw.thoughheoifcr to 
withdraw the P«/o?fliM- 
/;"4ij trom the fic^c of 

The eruell decree of the 
/^//xijiiw in their piffion 
agaittft ibe Aiityleam. 

The ^rfcwwwj repent of 
their decreCjanJcoufolt 

But atcer he had him there, laid hold on him, and caufed A 
him CO bee fhot to death ; and rellored Notium to the Colo* 
pbonians, excluding onely fuch as had Mcdized. After- 
wards the Athenians fent Gouernours to Netium of their 
owne,andhauing gathered together the Colophonians out 
of all Cities whatfoeucr/eated them there vndcr the Law 
oi t\\ii. Athenians . 

''Fachcsy when he came backe to SMjeylene, tooke in Pyr- 
ri;4and Er^/^w j and hauing found SaUthm the Lacedemo- 
nian hidden in JMitylene, apprehended him, and lent him, 
together with thofe men he had put in cullody at Tcnedos, B 
and whomfoeuer elfe he thought Author of the Reuolc, 
tojitbens' Hee like wife fent away the grcateft part of 
his Armie, and with thercftdayed, and fettled the State 
of Mitylcne,2iiifi the reft ol Lesbos zs he thought conuenient. 
Thefe men, zndS.iUthw with them, being arriucd at c^- 
thens, the Athenians flew SaUthw prefently, though hec 
madechem manyoflFers, and amongft; other, to get the 
Armie of the Pelopoymefinns to rife from before ^latxa^ (for 
it was yet befiegedj but vpon the reft they went t?b Coun- 
cell • and in their pafsion decreed to put them to death j Q 
not onely thofe men there prefent, but alfo all the men of 
Mitjlene that wereof age, and to make flaues of the Wo- 
men and children : laying to their charge the Reuok it 
lelfe, in that they rcuolted not, being in fubieftion as o- 
thers were : And withall the ^eloponnefinn Fleet, which 
durft enter into Ionia to their ayde, had not a little aggra- 
uatcd that Commotion. For by that, it feemed that the 
Reuok was not made without much premeditation.They 
therefore fent a Gaily to enforme Taches of their Decree, 
with command to put the Mitylenians prefently to death. D 
! But the next day they felt a kind of repentance in them- 
'' felues, and began to confider what a great and crucll De- 
cree it was, that not the Authors onely, but the whole 
Citie fhould be deftroycd. Which when the Ambafladors 
of the Mitylenians ^xh^Lt were there prefent, & fuch Athenians 
as fauoured them vnderftood, they wrought with thofe 
that bare office,to bring the matter again into debate^wher- 
in they eafily preuailed, forafrnuch as to them alfo it was 
well knowne, that the moft of the Citie were dcfirous to 
haucmcanes to conlLiltofthc fame anew. The Aflem- K 
bly beeing prefently met, amongft the opinions of diuers 



Lib.3, The HiftoryvfT nw c mil) ES, 

Aethers, (7^(?«alfo, the fonnc of C/^rf«^fz^r, who in the for- 1 <:/,«. mod popuiar.and 
mer Atlembly had won to haue them killed, being of all "''"^i^"^ 
the Citizens mod violent , and with the people at that 
time farre the moll powerfull,llood forth , and faid in this 
manner. - ..■.■: i ■ . 1 .j c. ..,. ., 


C L E O N4 



IUaue often on other occdfons thought A Democratie- rone a - 
pable oj dominion ouer others ; but mofi of an now , for thu pur 
repenunce concerning the Mitylenians; For through jour 
owne mutuadjecurity and opennefe, you imagine the fame alfo in 
your Confederates, and confidcr not, that -svben at their psrfwa/toH 
you commit an err our, or relent rvpon companion, you are fojtned 
timf, to the danger of the Common-wealth, not to the winning of the 
aff'e^lions of your (Confederates. Nor doe you cOnfider, that your 
gouernment is a Tyranny, and thofe that befuhieBto it,areagainfi 
their willesfo, and are plotting continually againfl you , and obey 
you not for any good turne, which to your owne detriment you /hall 

C doethemybutonely for that you exceed them in ftrength, and for 
nogoodmli. But the worfi mifchiefe ojall ii this, that nothing xoee 
decree (Jjallfland firme, and that we will not know, that a City with 
the "Uporfe Lawes, if immoueable, is better then one with good 
Lawes; when they bee not binding , and that a plaine foit accompa- 
nitd with modefiy,u more profitable to the State, then dexterity 
with arrogance -, and that the more ignorant fort of men, doe jor 
themoflpart better regulate a Common-wealth, then they that are 
wifer. For thefe hue to appeare wifer then the Lawes, and in all 
publike debatings to carry the f-uiBory, as the worthiefl things 

D ypherein to fhiw their soifdome ; from whence mofi commonly pro- 
ceedeth theruine of the States they line in. Whereas the other 
fort, miflrufling their owne wits, are content to be efleemed not fo 
wife as the Lawes, and not able to carpe at what is well jpoken by 
another i and (0 making themjdues equall Judges, rather then con- 
tenders for mafl:ery,gouerne a State for the mofi part ypell. Wee 
therefore fjjould doe the like, and not be carried away with combates 
dj eloquence and wit, togiuefuch counjellto your multitude ^ as in 
our owne iudgements wee thinke not good. For my owne part, 1 
am of the opinion I was before j and I wonder at thefe men, that 
haue brought this matter of the Mitylenians in queflion againe, 
and thereby cattfe delay, which is the aduantage onely of them that 
Yz doe 


The Hifiotj of T H v.c Y D J \d e s. . Lib, ^ . 

The nature of the multi- 
tude in counfcUjLudy 

Aggrauation of the Re- 
uolc ot the Mitjkmioii. 

doe the miury. For the fujfero- 'hy this meamhomcsvpon the doer A 
"S^ith his an^er dulled^ libber eas reuen^e, the-offpofiteofinmie, is 
thengreatej}, T^hoiit foDo'^es jirefently. I doc "Voider ialfo-^ti.-'hat' 
he is that Jhallfid7id "i'/j jiowto cxitradiEi mie[ ■ andjhalltlmke to ■■ 
prone, that the iuiuries done Vs hy the Mitylenians, are^oodfoi- Vs, 
or that our calamities are any divnmage to our Confederates. For 
certaincly hemujl cither truji in Us ^ehqueiicej tamakeyou heleeue, 
that that^hich 'Hf as decreed jlP(Ls j\ot decreed^ or inoued Vith lucre ^ 
mufi with fame elaborate j^eech endeuour to [educe you . 7<loiP of/uch 
matches [of eloquence] <w f /?«/?, the i itie gmeth the pri^s to o- 
thers, but the danger tihit thence ptoccedeth, Jhe her jelfe fuflaineth. B 
^7id of all this jy ou your jelues are the caufe, hy the euifl irijHtution of 
the/e jnatches,in that you a:fe to bee Jpeciators of T^ords, and hea- 
rers of anions J beholding future aSlions in the "^ords of them that 
fpeake "^ell^aspojsible to come topaffe^ and actions already pa/l, in 
the Orations ofjuch as make the mojl of them ^ and that tnthjuch aj- 
Jurancej as iffi^hatyoufaw yifithyour eyes^ were not more certahie, 
then "^hatyou heare related. Tou are excellent men for one to decctue 
"^ith a fpeech of anew Jlraine^ but backward to follow atiy tryed ad- 
uice: flaues to fir dnge things, contemners of things yjuall, YouHwuld 
euery one chiefly giue the beji aduice, but tfyou cannot^ thenyou Ti^ili ^ 
co}itradici thoje that doe. You leould not be thought to come after with 
your opinion -, but rather if any thing bee acutely fpoken , to ap- 
plaud it frjl, and to appeare ready apprehenders of tohat is fpoken, 
eucn before it be out ■ but flow to preconceine thefequell of the fame. 
Joutvouldheare^Asonemayfay^fomewhatelfethenT^hat our- life is 
conuerfant in ; andyetyoufufficiently^nderfland not that^ that is be- 
fore your eyes. And to fpeake plainely^ouercomelvith the delight of 
the eare. you are rather Itkevntofpedatorsyfttting to heare the con- 
tentions of Sophifiers^ then to men that deliberate of the flate of a 
Common wealth. To putyou out of this humour ^1 fay y^ito you, that J) 
f/;<? A'iicylcnians haue donenjs moreiniury, then euer did any one 
Qitie. For thofe that haue reuolted through the ouer-hard preffurc of 
ourgouernment, or that haue beetle compelled to it by the enemy ^ I par- 
don them i but they that were llanders, and had their (fuie "U^ ailed, 
fo AS they needed not feare our Enemies^ but onely by Sea -^ in which 
cafe alfo they "Were armed for them with fufficient prouif ion ofGallies; 
and they that were permitted to haue their owne Lawcs, and ivhom 
wee principally honoured^ and yet haue done thus-^ "^hat haue they 
done hut confpired againfi <us ^and rather warred -vpen oyx, then re- 
uolted fromys, (forareuoltis onelyoffuch as fuffer ^violence) and E 
loyned with our bitterefi Enemies todeftroy <vs I This isfarre worfe 


Lib , T^i T^heMifloryof T h V^q t .n i b'i ^. 

A then ifihey had'^arnda^ainfl,'Psfir eMreaJtn^ofthar orvne 
pomr-, ^Bi^t tb^fi men -^ould neythcr tt^h . example by their 
neighbours calamity, -Kiho ars, allthat remlfed^lrcadyjiibdued 
byys^mrcouH.pheiroypneprefent felicity^ make them .a jr aid 
of changing it iniomifay' But being bold again ft futurcxeiisnts, 
and /lyming at matters a boue thfir ftrcngpb^ though belong their 
defircs, haue taken Armes againfi Ds^dndprefcrred force before 
iujlice. For nofooner they thought they might get the yidoiy, 
but immediately, though ypithout inimy done.them, they rofea- 
gainfl '\>s. But laith Cities that come to great and ynexpe^ed 

B projperity, it is yfuall to turne injblent. Wheredi mofl common- 

■ ly that projperityyohichii attained according to the cotirfe of 
reafon, ii more fir me then thafSi^hich commeth mhopedfor. 
^'indfiich Cities, as one may fay, doe more eafily keepe off an 
dduerfe, then maintaine a happy fortune. Indeed ^■>ejhould not 
formerly haue done any honour , more to the^AwyfizviidiXi^^then to 
the reft of our Confederates j for then they had neuer come to 
this degree ofinfolence. For it ii naturallto men to contemne 
thofe that obferue them^ and to haue in admiration fuch as nHl 
notgiuethem-^ay. Noiv therefore let them be punifjed accor- 

C ding to their yoicked dealings and let not the fault be laid yp- 
onafi-w, and the people bee abfoluedi for they haue all alike 
taken Armes againft ys. ^And the Commons y if they had heene 
conflrained to it, might hane fled hither, and haue recouered 
their Citie afterwards againe. But they, efleeming it thefafer 
aduenture ,toioyneyoith theVtw , are alike "With them cul- 
pable of the Retiolt. Haue alfo in confideration,your Confede- 
rates i And if you infli6i the fame puniJJjment on them that 
reuolt ypon compulfwn of the Enemie, thatyou doe on them that 
reuolt of their owne accord,'^ho thinkeyou -^'iH not reuolt,though 

D on light pretence ; feeing thatjpeeding they -^'inne their liber- 
ty, andfailing,theircajeii not incurable ? Befdes^hat againft 
cuery City weemufl bee at a new hazard both of our per fins 
and fortunes. Whereinyoiththebeftfuccefe, -^ee recouer but 
an exhaufted Citie, and lofe that, "therein our ftrength lyeth, 
thereuemieofit ; butmifcarrying,ypee adde thefe Enemies to 
our former j and muftjpend that time in yparring againft our 
o-^ne Confederates, yvhich "Soee needed to employ againft the 
Enemies, ype haue already. Wee muft not therefore giue our 
Confederates hope of pardon, either impetrable by -ifords, or 
E purchafeable by money, ai if their errours -^cere but fuch Of are 
commonly incident to humanity. For thefe didus not an iniury 




The Hijlory of Tnycr DID ES, Lib.3. 

MuvMithJU tk 0mm 
yvieltb^ccordiigto the di- 

ynypiilittglyy but -^fittingly conjpired againfl ys ; yoherecis it-^ 
ought to bee inuoluntmy*, "Svhatjbeucr if pardonable. Therefore 
both then at frfl^andnoiifi ag4ine 1 maintained that jou ought 
not to alt ery our former Decree^nor to offend in any ofthefe three 
mofl difaduantagious things to Empire., Pittie, Delight in plau- 
fible/pecches,rf»^ Lenity. As for Pitty, it it iuji toJJjeTv it on 
them that are like ys, andipillhaue pitty againe ; but not ypon 
fuch as not oncly ypouldnot haue had pitty ypon ys^but muji alfo 
ofnecefsity haue beene our enemies for euer hereafter. And for 
the Rhetoricians that dclightj'^w -^ith their Orations, let them 
pliy their prices in matters oflejfe if eight, and not in fuch » 
10 herein the City for a little pleafure, muji fuffer a great dam- 
mage, but they for their rt>elljpeaking,mufl iceU * haue. Laflly 
for Lenity, it is to be yfed towards thofe that yfillbe our friends 
hereafter, rather then toypards fuch, as being fuffer ed to Hue, 
ivillfiill be as they are, not a iot the lejfe our enemies. Infumme 
I fay onely tim, that ifyou follow my aduice,you fljafl doe tbat.^ 
ichich it both iufi in rej}eft of the Mitylenians, and prof table 
foryour fellies ; ■whereOJ ifyou decree otherwife,you doe not gra~ 
tife them, but condemneyourfelues. For if thefe haue iufily 
reuolted^ou mufl yniufily haue had dominion ouer them. N^ry C 
thoughyour dominion be againfl reafon, yet ifyou refolue to bold 
it,you mufl alfo,CLt a matter conducing thereunto, againfl rea- 
fon puni/b them ; or el fey ou mufl giuey our dominion ouer, that 
you may be good yoithout danger. But ifyou confider yphat fodf 
rikely they ypould haue done toyou, if they had pret(ailed,you 
cannot but thinke them loorthy the fame punijhment ; nor be 
leffefenfibleyou that haue efcaped,then they that haue conjpired; 
ejj^ecially they hauing done the iniuriefirfl. For fuch as doe an 
iniury ypithout precedent caufe, perfecute mofl, and euen to the 
death, him they haue done it to s as iealous of the danger his re- E) 
maining Enemy may create him. For hee that is yoronged with- 
out caufe, and efcapeth,yvi!l commonjn^ bee more cruell, then if 
it svere againfl any E nemy on e quail quarell. Let y snot there^ 
fore betray ourfelues, but in contemplation ofiohatyou yuere 
neerefuffering,andho'sryouoncepri7ied aboue all things elfe, 
to haue them inyour power, requite them nolo accordingly. Bee 
notfofinedatthefght of their prefent eflate, nor forget the 
danger that hung ouer our own heads fo lately : Glue not onely 
ynto thefe their defer uedpunijhment, butalfiynto therefl of 
our Confederates a cleere examplc,that death is their fentence, £ 
whenfoener theyflfallrebell. Which iphen they knoyp, you flmll 


Lib,^. TThe Hijleryof T ny CYDi-D^s. 


A thlejfc often hamoccafion to ne^leftyour Enemits^ andfi^ht againft 
your owne (Confederates. To this purpofe fpake Clean . 

Ailer him^DtodotH^ the ibnnc oi' Eucrates, who alio in 
the former Allcmbly oppofed mofl: the putting of the 
Mitylmlans to death, Uood forth, and fpake as foUowcth. 



IWill neither blame tho/e who haue propounded the hujinejfe of the 
Mity lenians, to he aga'me debated, nor commend thofe that find 
fault "^ith often conjultin^ in affaires of^reat importance. 'But 1 
am of opinion that nothing isfo contrary to good connfell as thefe two, 
ha Ik^/i^ anger : "iohereoj the one is euer accompanied with ?nad- 
nc'fj'c] and the other'^ithlfant ofiudgement. And fvhofocuer main- 
tatneth^ that words are not injlruclers to deeds ^ either hee is not Tifife, 
ordothit ^ponfomepriuateintercjiofhisol^ne. 2\[ot "^ife^ifhee 
thinkc that future and not apparent things, may bee demonf rated 
other'^ife then by Ti>ords : IntereJJed, ifdefirmg to carry an til ynatter^ 
and knowing that a bad caufel^ill not beare agoodfpeech, heegoe a- 

C bot4t to deterre his oppofers and hearers by a good calumniation. 'But 
they, of all others^ arc mojl intolerable ^ that when men giue publike 
aduice^Tfillaccufe them alfo of bribery. For tf^they charged a man 
Vith no more^ hut ignorance, when he hadfpoken in ^oaine, hee might 
yet depart yfith the opinion ofafoole. But Iphen they impute corrupti- 
on alfo jf his counfell take place, he is flillfufpeEied,and if it doe not 
take place ^ he jh all be held not onely afoole , but alfi yoide of honejiy. 
The Common -wealth gets no good by fnch courfes ; for through feare 
hccreof.ityt^ill'^antcounfellourSjandthe Statei^ould doe their bu/i- 
nejjcforthe mofl part "^elljfthis kinde ofCiti-^ns "^ere they that 

^ had leaf: ability in f peaking-^ for theyfl/ould then per/fi>ade the City 
to the fetoer errours. For a good State/man JJwuld not goe about to 
terrife thofe that contradict him, but rather to make good his counjell 
ypon liberty offpeech. And a f^ife State ought not, either to adde'Vn- 
to, or on the other fide ^to derogate from the honour of him that giueth 
goodaduice;noryetpuniJl9,naynordifgracethe man whofe counfell 
they reeeiue not. u4nd then, neither l^uld hee that lighteth on good 
ciduice , deliuer any thing again/l Ins owne confcience , out of ambition 
of further honour, and to pleafe the Auditory ; nor hee that doth not, 
couct thereupon, hy gratifying the people fome'^ay or other, that hee 

E alfo-mrr)'cndeercthem. But wee doe here the contrary , and be fides , if 
any man be fufpecied^fcorruptim, though hee giue the be fi counfell 


i58 I The Hijlorj ofT h v cydides. Lib.^ . 

that can he ^iuen, yet through enuy, for this <V7icertame opinion of hit A 
?aine we lofe a certaine henefit to the Qommon-'R'ealth. ^nd our 
fujlome is to hold good counjell^gmen fuddmly ^no lejjefujjx^ , then 
bad, 'By ivhkh he that giues the moft dangerous comfeU, 
mufl ctt the fame receined, hy fraud -^ foalfo he that giues the mofl 
jound adukejt forced hy lying to get him/elf e beleeued. So that , the 
Common-flpealth it ttalone^'^hkhby reafon ofthe/efujpitious imaj- 
nations ^no man canpofsibly benefit ^by theplaine and open ivay^ wkh- 
out artifice. For If any ma»fi?ali doe a manifejl good Vnto the Com- 
i-Ti>ealth,hepalIprefently be fufpeEicdof fome jecret game (vnto 
himfelfe in partkular. We therefore, that in the moft important af- B 
f aires J arid amidftthefe iealouftes doegtue our aduke , hake need to 
forefee farther thenyou, that looke notfarre, and the rather^ becaufe 
IVe/iand accountable for our counjell^andyou are to render no account 
of your hearing it. For if the perf wader j and the per/li^aded, had e- 
quail harme^you would be the more moderate Judges. But 7iow,accor- 
dingto thepafsioH that takes you^when at any timeyour ajf aires mtj- 
caryyouptt7iijh thefentence of that one onely thatgaue the counleU^ 
not the many fentences of your olpnejihat Toere in fault as ifell as his. 
For my o'^ne part f.ftood not forth with any purpofe of contradi8ion,in 
the bufinefJeoftheJS/lityleni^ns, nortoaccujeany man. For tpee Q 
contendnotno'QffifwebeT^ife^ aboutthe iniury done by them^ hut 
about the Vtfefi counfell for ourfelues. For how great foeuer be their 
fault ^yet I would neuer aduife to haue them put to death,ynlejfe it bee 
for our profit ; nor yet Ipould Ipardonthem, though they were pardon- 
able ynleffe it be good for the Qommon-li>ealth , And in my opinion^ 
our deliberation now is of the future jrather then of the prefent . And 
"whereas Cleon contendeth .that it ifili he profitable for the future^ 
to put them to death ^in that itVtll keepe the reft from rebeUingf,con- 
tendinglikeVtfeforthefutureiafiftrmethe contrary. ^And I defire 
you not to reich the profit of my aduice, for the faire pretexts of hit, £) 
which agreeitignmreT>}kh your prefent anger againft the Mityleni- 
zns.may quickly perhaps winy our con fent. We pleade not iudiciallj 
with the Mity lenians./o as to need arguments of equity, but fee con- 
Jult ofthetnj'^hich way Tibe mayferue our felues of them to our moft 
aduantage hereafter. I fay therefore jthat death hath been in States ^ 
ordained for apuntjhment of many offences ^and tho/e notfogreit, but 
farre leffe then this. Tet encouraged by hope^ynen haT^rd themfelues. 
Nor did any man eueryet enter into a prahice,'^hich heknf^ he could 
notgoe through with . And a Qtie lohen it reuolteth, fuppofeth itfelfe 
ts be better furnifhed/ither of themfelues ^or by their Confederates. E 
then it is, or elfe it would neuer take the enter prife in hand. T}}ey haue 


Lib. 5. 7 he Hiflory ofT h v c y d i d e s. 

A tt hy nature ^hoth men and Qties to commit ojfences • nor is there any 
Law that canpreuent it. For men hamvorieouer all degrees of pu- 
n'tjhment, augmenting them JM^in hope to be lejfe annoyed hy Male- 
faBors -^ and it is likely that gentler puntjhments T^ere infiiciedofold^ 
euen yponthcmofl haynom crimes ; hut that in traEl of time, men 
continuing to tran/grejje.they Ti^ere extended afterwards, to the ta- 
king a^^puy of life ; andyet they ftilltranfgrejfe. jind therefore cither 
fome greater terrour then death mufi be deui/ed, or death "Hfill not bee 
enough for coertion. For pouerty mil aly^ayes addt boldncfje to necef- 
fity 5 and li>ealthjCouetoufneffe to pride and contempt. And the other. 

g [ middle '] for tunes, they aljo through humane pafsion .according as 
they are fmerally juhiecl to fome in/uperahle one or other yimpeU men 
to danger. 'But Hope and Defirc^iiborAe this effeSl in all eflates . 
^ind this 04 the Leader, that 04 the companion ; this contriuing the 
enterprise jthat fuggefiing thefucceffe, are the caufe of mofi crimes 
that are committed . And being leafl difcerned,are mere m ifchieuous 
then euils feene. 'Beftdes thefe tf^o, Fortune alfo puts men forward as 
much as any thing clfe. For prefenting her felfe fometimes ynlookt 
for, fhe prouokcth fome to aduenture^ though not prouided, as they 
ought for the purpof e '^ and fpeciaUy Qties ^^ hecau/e they Venture 

Q for the greatefl matters , tu liberty and dominion ouer others I and 
amongji a generality ,euery one ^though without reafon, fome'^hat the 
more magnifies himfelfe in particular. In a wordjit k a ' thing impofsi^ 
hie and of great fimplicitie to beleeue, when humane nature isearnefl- 
ly benttodoeathing,thatbyforc€ of La't>,orany other danger, it can 
he diucrted. Jp^e mufl not therefore .relying on thefecUrity ofcabitall 
pmiiflnnent (decree the "^orflagainfi: them ^ nor make them defperate 
04 if there were m place to repent, and osfoone as they can , to canccU 
their offence. Forohferue ; if a Citiereuolted^fhould hiolif it could 
7Jot hold out, it 'twould no"^ compound , "^hilfl it were able, both to pay 

J) ys our charges for the prefent , and our tribute for the time to 
come. But the way that Cieon prefcribeth, what Citte, thinke you, 
Timdd notprouide it felfe better, then this did ; and endure the fiege 
to the 'Very laft.ifto compound late^ andfoonehe all one ? ^nd how 
can it be but detriment to ys. to be at charge oflongfteges , through 
their ohflinacy , and Iphen we haue taken a Citie, to finde it exhau- 
fed, andtolofe the reuenue of it for the future^ And this reuenue 
is the onely ftrengthfi^e haue againfi our enemies. Wee are not then 
to be exaSl Indgesin the punition of offenders , but to looke rather 
hole hy their moderate punifhment,we may haue our Confederate Cu 

E ties, fiiih as they may be able to pay ys tribute ; and mt thinke to 

keepe them in al^e hy the rigour ofLa'^es , but by the prouidence of 

Z our 



The Hiflory 0/ T h v c y d i d e s. Lib. ^ . 

mr olpnt aH'tons. But "d^ec to the contrary , TJ^/jfK wee rccoucr a A 
Citie, rvhtih hau'mghecm free ^ and held <vnder our ohcdmce by 
force J:athnuoltedtupiy, th'mke iiow^that "^e ou^ht to mflicl Jottie 
cruell fumjhncnt Vpon them ; whcrecu we ou^ht rather ^mt mighti- 
ly topunlp) a free Ctticreuolted,but mightily to lookc to tt before it 
reuolt-^ andtopreiienttheintentienofit; httt "^hen we haue oucr- 
come theniyto lay the fault wpon as fe'to as we can. Confulcr aJjo , ;/ 
youfotiow theadutce of Cleon J:ow much you pall offend likew'tfe 
in this other point. For in all your Cities, the Commonalty are tW^ 
your friends ^and either remit not with the few, or if they he compel- 
led to it by force , they prefently turne enemies to thcyn that caufed B 
the reuolt- whereby'k'henyoHgoe toWarre^youhaue the Commons 
of the aduerfe Citie on your fide. 'But if you fl?ali deflroy the 
i^ommonalty of the Mit^'lenians, which did neither partake of the 
reuolt, and a^ foone 04 they were armed , prefently deliuered the 
Citie into your hands , you fimU Jjrfl doe (vniuflly to kill Juch 
as haue done yon feruice , ani you fh all effect a -^orke befides, 
which the great men doe euery f\?here mofi deftre. For l^hen 
they haue made a Citie to reuolt , they fhall haue the people 
prefently on their ftde -^youhauingforefhewne them by the example^ 
that both the ^ilty and riot guilty mujl rvndergoe the fame punifh- q 

Whereas indeed^ though they ffere guilty , yet Ti>ee ought to 
diffemble it jto the end that the onely party ^ now our friend, 
may not become our enemie. And for the affuring of our do- 
minion , I thinke it farre more profitable , ^voluntarily to put 
Vp an iniur'te , then iuftly tQ deftroy Juch as Tft-ee fi:>ould not. 
And that fame , both lufticc and profit of reuenge , al- 
ledged by Cleon , can neuer pofsibly bee found together in the 
fame thing. 

Tou therefore , <^pon knoT^ledge that this is the befi ceurfe^ J) 
not rupon Compalsion , or Lenitie ( for neither would /, 
haue you Toonne by that j but <vpOH confideration of what h th 
beene aduifed , bee ruled by met , and proceede to iudgement 
at your ot^ne leajure , againfi thofe whom Paches hath fent 
hither as guilty , and fuffer the rejl to enioy their Qtie. For 
that tvill bee both good for the future , and alfo of prefent ter- 
rour to the enemie. For hee that confulteth Tfijely , is a forer 
enemie, then hee that ajfaultetb with the firength of aciion^vn- 

Thus fpake Diodotus. E 

^ After 

Lib. 5. neHtJtoryofliiiYCHTiiD^s. 


A After thefc two opinions were deliuered, the one mofl 
oppoiite to the other, the Athenians were at contention 
which they fhould decreej and at the holding vp of hands, 
they were both fides almoftequall ; but yet the fentence 
of OiodotM preuailed. Whereupon they preicntly in halie 
jTcnt away another Gallie, left not arriuing before the for- 
mer, they fhould finde the Citie already deilroyed. The 
fird Gallie fet forth before the fecond,a day and a night. 
But the SMitvhniaft AmbalTadours hauing furnifhed 
this latter with Wine and Barley Cakes, and promifed 

B them great rewards, if they ouertoofcc the other Gal- 
lie, they rowed diligently, at one and the ianie time 
both plying their Oares, and taking their rcfcCtion of 
the laid Barley Cakes ftecped in Wine and Oylc; and by 
turnes part of them flept, and the other part rowed. It 
b.^ppcned alio that there blew no Winde againft them; 
And the former Gallie making no great halle, as going 
in lb lad an errand , whereas the former proceeded in the 
nunner before mentioned, arriucd indeed firft, but onely 
lomuch, as ^acbss hid read the Sentence, and prepa- 

C red to execute what they had decreed. But prefently 
after came in the other Gallic, and faued the Citie 
from being deltroyed. So neerc were the Mitjlenians to 
the danger. 

But thofe whom Paches had fent home, as moft cul- 
pable of the 'R.cuok, the Arheiians, as (7^o» had aduifed, 
put todeathi bccinginnnmbcrfomewhataboue a thou- 

They alio razed the Wallesof M/'^;)/tf«^,and tooke from 
them all their Gallies. After which they impofed on 
D the Le^hims no more Tribute, but hauing diuided their 
land, (all but that of the M.ethymn<€ans)'mt:o jooo parts, 5 00 
of thofe parts, of the choifeft Land, they confecrated to 
the Gods. And for thereft, they fent men by lot out 
oftheirowne Citie to potlefle it, of whom the Lesbians 
at the rent of * two Minseof Siluer yecrely,vpon a Lot, 
had the Land againe to bee husbanded by themfelues. 
The y^thenians tooke in all fuch Townes allo,as the Mmle- 
nicins were Mafters of in the Continent ; which were after- 
wards made Subiedts to the People of Athens. Thus cn- 

E ded the bufmefle touching Lesbos. 

The fame Summer, after the recouery of Lesbos^ the 
Z 2. Jtheniam 

The Sentence of D^da 


A Gallic lent out after 

thi former, with a Scn- 

teacc of mercy. 

The (peed of thi<. latter 
Gallic to oucrtake the 
former that carrKil the 
Decree ofdc»ih. 

The Comir.oni of M'tty- 
lint very neerc dcHrufii- 

Aboue a thoufand pritv 
cipall aothors of the Rc- 
uolt executed. 

'SfOHnsl i Pt!lliiigiJl(r!J>'Z- 

Nic'tM taketh Mirti,iU 


TheHiJloryofTny cr DID ES. Lib.^. 


laced<emm'nmi refufe 
kt "liutahy force, 
» llh^ucicby volun 
liu render. 

Mhenians^ vnder the condudl of Nicicu, the fonne of JSIi- A 
ccratiu, nude Warre on JMinoa, an Hand adiacent to 3ie- 
far.u t or the Megaream had built a Tower in it, and fer- 
ued themlelues of the Hand for a place of Garrilbn. But 
j<iiciA6 delired that the Jthemans might kcepc their Watch 
vpon Me^ara, in that Hand, as becing nccrer, and no more 
at BtidorM and Sa!af,ni ; to the end that the ^doponnefians 
might not goe out thence with their Gal lies, vndifcr^'cd, 
nor fend out Pirates, as they had formerly done, and to 
prohibit the importation of all things to the Me^areamhy 
Sea. Wherefore when he had firll taken two Towres B 
that flood out from Nii^ia, with Engines applyed from 
the Sea, and lo made a free entrance for his Gallies, be- 
twcene the Hand and the firme Land, he tookeit in with 
a Wall alio from the Continent, in that pare where it 
might receiue ayde by a bridge ouer the Marifhes ; for in 
vvaj) not farredillant from the maine Land. And, that 
being in fewdayes finiftied, hce built a Fort in the Hand 
it L^lfe, and leauing there a Garrifon, carried the reft of 
his Armie backc. 

It happened alio about the lame time of this Summer, C 
that the ^j/<if<c^whauingfpent their VicSuall, and beeing 
vnable longer to hold out, yeelded their Citiein this man- 
ner to the' P^/o/^(jn«5^<j»j. The Pelo'omefians aflaulted the 
Walles, but they within were vnable to fight. Where- 
\'pon the Lacedmioniat Commander, pcrcciuing their 
weakneile, would not take the place by force, (for he had 
command to thatpurpofe from Laced^ the end that 
if they fhould euer make peace with the Athemans, with 
conditions of mutuall reftitution of fuch Cities as on ey- 
therfide had beene taken by Warre, pUua, as hauing D 
come in of its own accord, might not be thereby recouera- 
ble;) but fent a Herald to them, who demanded whether 
or no they would giue vp their City voluntarily into the 
hands of the Laced^momans.znd take them for their Judges, 
with power to punifh the offenders, but none without 
forme of lullice. So faid the Herald .- and they (for they 
were now at the weakcll) deliucred vp the Citie accor- 
dingly. So thc^T ehpomeSans gauc the ^lau^ns food for 
certaine dayes, till the Iudgcs,wliich were fiue, fliould 
irriuc from Lnced^mon. And when they were come, no E 
iccufation was exhibited, but calling them man by man, 


Lib. 5. The hi/lory o/Thv CY DID ES, 


A they asked of euery onc,onely this qucftion : Whether they 
haddor)etoth<;La.ccdxn\on'mis, ana ihcir Confederates in this 
]Va> rey any good (eruice ? But the Plataans hauing fued to 
make their anfYver more at large , and hauing appointed 
^J^machuitbe lame of Ajopolatu, 2nd Lacon the lonne of ^dim- 
ncjrus(vA\o had been heretofore the Hofte of thcLaced^im- 
nians) for their Speakers,fiiid as followeth. 

Vniuft procccdins; otihc 



L AT iE A NS. 

MEn of h^cdxmoti, relying ofponyoUy weyeclded <vp our 
Sitie.not expe^ing to ^ndergoe thu^ but (ome more t^^all 
manner of proceeding ^ and vfe agreed not to fiand to the 
iiidgement of others, (ojnow yt>edoj)but of^ourfeluesonely ; con- 
ceiumg we fhuld fo obtaine the better iuflice. But nortt we fiare 
wehaue beene deceiued in both. For we haue reafon to jufpcB, 
both that the tryaH u capital}, and you the Judges partiaR. Gathe- 
ring (o mucbyboth from that, that there hath not been prefented any 
nccujation^ tosvhich wemight cinfwer, and aljo from this, that the 

C interrogatory is lhort,andjuch,iuifweanfwertoit with truth,- ^ve 
fij'J Ipeake againfi our jelues*^ and be eafily conuinced,iiwe lie. 
But fince we are on all hands, in aftraight , 7*?^ are forced (and it 
femes ourjajefl way)to try ^hat ype can obtaine by f1e»dfng. For, 
for men in ourcafe\,tkefpeech notjpoksn, maygiue occdCdn td fome 
to tbinh,that fpoken,it had prejerued '-as. But befid<^s other incon- 
uemencis.the mianesaljO of perjXfiafiQn^goe in on our fide. For if 
"See had notknomit one an other, Vce might haue helped our /ekes by 
producing teftimon in things you knew not. Whereas no-^.all that 
we jhail-fay will be, before men that Know already what it is^ And we 

Y) f ear e, not that you nieane ^becau/e you kne'^ <^s inferiour in<Vertue to 
your [dues .to vialie that a criitie,but lejiyou. brhig -vs to a iudgement 
already iud^ed/o^rnti.^efome body elfe. TSleuerthele (fenfire will pro- 
duce our reafons of equity .againfi the quarreli of the Thebans , and 
within make menfton of our fermes done Jboth to you, and to the refl 
ofCjfi'QQCC , and maketryail.ifhyanymeaneswe can you. 
J.s ta that f?(irt, mterrogatoryy Whether we haue any way 
done good in thi^ prelent Warre to the Lnced^monians and 
th.^ir Coafcder3,,tes,or not ? If you aske Vs as enemies, wee fay, 
that if'd^e haue dwe them no good, "lilf^ hauealfo done them no Ti^rong. 

E lfyo^aike'Vsasfjri^eHds^thettya.efay,thatt]7ey rather haue done a^s 
thifniury^inthat'theymadtWarre'Vponys, 'Rutin the time af the 
;tx^^ Peace, 


T^he Hiftory o/^Thvcydide5. Lib. 7^, 

tedce.and in the Wane again/} the Mcdes,'U>e hehaued ourfelues /^ 
tueU J for the onc,Tbe brake mtfirft.and in the other , we Ttfere the 
oncly BaotiansthatJ^ned with you for the deliuery of Greece. 
For though we dwell Vpinthe land yet "S^e fought by Sea at Artemi- 
Cium^and in the battell^ fought in this our fit'n territory we wereTi>ith 
you ; and fohatjoeuer dangers the Grecians in thofe titfks ijnder- 
ipentj'^e Ti^ere partakers of all, euen beyond our flrength. And ynto 
you \.zctdxmomins. in particular ywhen SpstrU Ti^as in greatefl 
affright jafter the Hdrthquake,<vpon the ^I^ebeUion of the Helotes, 
andfea:?jng ofhhome,yifefent the third part of our power to afsifi 
yoUy'^hich you haueitoreafon to forget. Such then "^ee fheleed our g 
felues in thofe ancient and mofl important affaires. It is true , wee 
haue beene your enemies fince jbut for that you are to blame your felues. 
For when oppre/fedby the Thebans, we fought league of you, you re- 
ieEied<-vs, and bade "ipsgoetothe Athenians that li>ere neerer hand, 
your felues being farrc off. ISleuertheleffe , you neither haue in this 
Warre^nor were to haue fufferedat our hands any thing that mif -be- 
came ys. And tfwe denyed to reueltfrom the Athenians, lehinyott 
bade '\>s^e did you no iniury in it. For they both aydcd ys againji the 
Theba.ns ^whenyoujhrunke from ys ; and it 1»as now no more any 
ho:.efly to betray them. EfpeciaUy hauingbeeiie T^ellvfcd by them, q 
and ffe our felues hauing fought their league ^and been made deni:^ns 
alfo of their Citi^. "Hay ^e ought rather to haue follo'^ed them in all 
their commands with alacrity. When You.or the Athenians haue 
the leading of the (Confederates , if euill be done^not they thatfohlt? are 
culpable ^but you that lead to the euill. I7;eThebans haue donews 
many other iniuries . but this lafl^ tt^hich is the caufe offfhat wee »o> 
fuffer ^ou your felues kno'^ what it was. For Tfe auenged ws but 
iufily ef thofe that in time of1-eace,and ypon the day of 9ur Noui- 
lunM ^gcri ficej)adjurpri:^d our Htie .^ and by the LaTi> of all 
7>(ations it is la^full to repell an affaili)^ enemy ; and therefore D 
there is no reafonyoufhotdd punifh ys 710"^ for them. For if you p^ll 
meafure hfiice by your, and their prefent benefit in the Warre, itt^ill 
mmffllyappeare, that you are not Judges of the Truth, but re- 
ipcc^lers onely of your profit, /ndyet tf the Thebmsfeeme pro^ 
fitahle toyou no'Uf ,we ^and the reflofthe Orecians were n:ore profi- 
table to youthen^ when youti^ere in greater danger . For though the 
'~i\vJbi\luare now onyourfide, "iifhenyou inuade others j yet at that 
time Tt^henthe BiTbirhn came in to impofe feruitude on all, they 
were on his. It is but lufltce, that with our prefent offence ( if wee 
haue committed any ) you compare our for'^ardneffe then ■ "^hich you I? 
^t)iil fiude both greater then our faulty and augnier^ted alfo by the cir- 

Lib. 2. ^heHiJlory ofT KVcsniD Es, 

A ctonfianceoffiichafcafon.whenitlvcisraretofind rtn^)/ Grecian fhdt 
dur/i oppo/e hU ^calourto X.ivxcs power ,• and when they l)?erc nioji 
commended^ not tkzt ^vith/afety helped to further his inuafion^kit that 
adiicKtured to doc what wm mojl honejl^thou^h with danger. 'But wc 
bcin^oj that 7iumber, and honoured for itamo7t^Jl the fir jl , are afraid 
left: the fame jhall be 710'^ a caufc of our defiruhion, 04 haiim^ chofen 
rather to follow the Achenians /«/?/)/ , then you prof tably. 'But 
you jhouldcHerhauc the] a7ne opinion^ mthe/a7?ie ca/e-^ . 7id thitih 
this 07iely to be prof table .that doing Ti?hat is yfe full for the prcfent oc- 
cafio)t,you referue withalla confant achio^ledgonent of the Vert tie of 

-Q yourgoodConfederatcs. Co7ifider alfo. that you are an exa-aplc of 
*ho7ieli dealings to the moft 0/ fk Grecians. Ko"^ ^f you 
pall decree otherwife then isiufl^ (for this tudgemcnt of yours is 
co7ifpicuous^you that be praifed,againft Vs, that be not bld7ned , take 
heed that they doe not dijlike /hat good 7nenfwuld Vndergoe an Vniufl 
fc)ite7ice /hough at the hands of better men j or that thejpoyle of Vs 
that haue done the Grecians feruice , fJ?ould be dedicated in their 
Temples. Vor it will bethought a horrible matter /hat Phtx^if?ould be 
defrayed by Lacedcemonians^W that you,fi)herM your Fathers in 
ho7iourofour Valour J infcribedtbenameofourCitie, on the Tripode 

Cat Delph i fhould 7io1i? blot it out of all Greece/ogratifie the The- 
bans. For we haue proceeded to fuch a degree of calamity^ that if the 
Medcs hadpremiledj tfe mujl haue periped then ; a7id woTa? the 
Thebans haue ouercomeVs againe in you, who were before our greatefi 
friends ; a7id haue put Vs to f^o great ha:^^ards, one before^ of f ami- 
jhingjfTi^e yeelded a7iother }tow^ of a (^apitallfentence. A7id 
'tt>e ViitxRUSj-fi^ho euen beyond our firc7igth haue been :^alom in the 
defence of the Grecians, ^r^ woTb abandoned and left V7ireleeued by 
them all. But we hefeech you for thofe gods fakes , in Tjhofe 7mnes 
07ice^e made mutuallleague.and for our Valours fake fc'St^ne in the 
D behalf e of the Grecian s/o be moued toward Vs.a7id[ifat the perffi^a- 
fion of the Thebans , you haue determined ought agamft Vs , ) to 
ch.Dige your mindes . and 7-eciprocally to re^^uire at the ha7ids of the 
Thebaiis^f/^/V . ourtefte/hat Tthomyou ought tofpare, they Ipould be 
contented not to kill.a7idJoreceiue an Imteji bmefit^ in recompe7Ke of a 
wicked one, and 7Wt to befew pleafure Vpon others, and receiue T^icked- 
7ieJJc ^'pon your flues in excha7ige. For though to take away our 
Hues heamatterquickely done yet to make the infaTiiy ofitceafe , "^ill 
be inorke enough. For being no>ie of your e7mntes , but wehnllers^ 
a7idfichds haueentred into the Warre Vpon conftraintjou cannot put 

E Vs to death Huth luftice. Therefore ifyouleiU iudge vncorruptly ,you 
ought ^ofecure our pcrfons , and to remember that you receiued Vs by 



' Ii doth net appcare by tmy 
thing m the timt ofihu nar, 
thai /fcfLaccdxmouians 
deferueda/:y ttputititnfar 
affair f by thu anrid:ucit 
other aMi'os.not :o iauetjice- 
cr oijed their ofvni intaejl er 


T^he H'tjlory ofTnvc 



our owne '-joluntary (uhmijiion, and with hands ypheld ( and it ii A 
ths Law aruong Grecians, not toput fucb to death) bejides that, 
we haue from timsto time beenbcneficiaU tojfou. For looks ^x'pon 
the [epulcijn-s of jour Fathers , whom Jlaine ^ the Medes , and 
buried in this Territory of our s^ wehaue j^eerely honoured at the 
tjublih charge, both with ^Jeftments and other Rites j and ofjuch 
things OJ our Land hath produced, wehaue offered ^nto them the 
firftfiuits of it aU, as friends in an amicable Land^aniQonfederats 
rvfeto doe, to thoje that haue formerly been their feUowes in Armes- 
But now by a wrong fentence^oujhaU doe the contrary ofthu. For 
confider thu : Paufanias,^ he thought, enterredtheje men in ami" B 
cable ground^ and among fl; their friends. Butyou, ifyouflc^ t;, 
ando} V\zt2£i%,make Thebais, what doe you but leaue j/our Fa- 
thers and kinred depriued of the honours they now haue , in an ho- 
flile Territory, and among fi the fvery mm that jlefo them ? ^nd 
moreouer,put into feruitude that foyle whereon the Grecians ypere 
put into liberty ? and make defoUte the Temples wherein they 
prayed, when they preuailedagainfl the ^cde$? and deflroy the 
^ atrial facrifices which ypere infiituted by the Builders and Foun- 
ders of the fame ^ 

Thefe things are not for your glory, men o(luzcedxmon,nor C 
to violate the common inftitutions ofGrGCCe^and wrong your pro- 
genitors, nor to dejlro^ ys that haue done you feruice , for the ha- 
tred of another ^'^hen^ou haue receiuedno iniury from Ds your 
(dues. But to f pare our Hues, to relent ^to haue a moderate compaf 
lion, in contemplationjnot onely of the greatnejje of the punijhment, 
but alio of "^ho we are, that mufflfuffer , and of the yncertainty 
where calamity may light, and that yndeferuedly j ypbicb wee, (as 
bccommeth 'vs,and our need cempelletb ys to dee ) cry aloud nvnto 
the common gods of Greece to perfwade you 'vnto ; producing 
the oath fworne by your Fathers, to put you inminde ; andalfo wee *^ 
become here, Sanhuary men, at the jepulchres of your Fathers, 
crying out ypon the dead, not tojuffer themfelues to be in the power 
of the Thebans , nor to let their greatefi friends be betrayed into 
the hands of- their greatefi enemies;remembring the of that dayjlppon 
which, though. we haue do:te glorious a6is in their company, yet wee 
are in danger at thu day of mofi mijerable fuffering* 'But to make 
in end oflp^aking^which u,as nccejfaryfo mofi bitter to men in our 
:afe,becaule the ha;^ardoj our Hues commeth fofoone after,) for a 
■oncluf.on yve Jay, that tt was not to the Thebans that we rendred 
our Qitie (for. we yoould rather haue dyed of Famine , the mofi IE. 
haje perdition of all other) but we came out on trufi inyou. ^ndit 


Lib.^. The HiJloryofTiiw cYiiiD¥.s. 


A ii but iufiice, that if yoce cannot per fwadc you :, .you jlnuld jet ^vs 
Agaiminthe eflnte we were in, and let ys '-undergo j the danger at 
our oivne eleBion. yiljff we require yoUy Men of Laceda:- 
mon, not onelj^ not to deliasr "i^j Platorans, -^ho haue beenemofl 
jealous in the jeruice of the Grecians, ejpecially bsing SanSluary 
men, om of your ownc hands, and your ownc triifly into the hands 
of our mofl mortall Enemies the Thebans, but aljo to be our 
(auiours, and not to deflroy '\>s <-vtterly, pou that jet at liberty all 
o;/;ir Grecians. Thus fpake thz Plateaus. 

B Blic the T);(?/'4»5, fearing lell the Lacedemonians might re- 
lent at their Oration, flood forth, and faid, that fincc the 
Glaums had had the liberty of a longer fpeech Cwhich 
they thought they fliould not) then for anfwer to theque- 
llion was necellary, they alio dciired to ipeakc, and being 
commanded to fay on, Ipake to this eiFc(i. 



C T^F thefe men had anfwer ed briefly to the quejlion, and not both 
Jl turned againft o'i with an accnfationf andaljo out of thepurpoje, 
a:id therein they were not charged jwade much apologia and com- 
mendation ofthemfelucs in things ynqueflioned, yipec had tteiter 
a iked leaue to^^eake ; but at it is, we are to the one point to anfwer ^ 
and to confute the other ^ that nsither the faults of 1)5, nor their 
oivne reputation may doe them goody but-your Sentence may bee 
guided, by hearing of the truth of both. The quarell, haweene 
m sand them, aroje at fi>fi from this, that -when wee had built 
Plat^a laft of all the Qtties of Boeotia, together with jome 0- 

D ther places, which y hauing driuen out the promifcuoiu Nations^ wee 
had then in our dominion, they would not (as was ordained at fiijl) 
allcwDs to be their Leaders, but beeing the oncly men of all the 
Bccotiins, that trdrffgrelfed the common ordinance of the Qoun- 
trey, when they fhould haue beene compelled to their duty, they tur- 
ned ^nto the Athenians, and together with them did a/s many 
euils, for which they likewife fuffered as many from ips. But 
when the Barbarian inuaded Greece, then , jay they , that 
they of all the Boeotians oncly alfo,Me4i^ed not. lAndthisis 
the thing wherein they both glory mofi themj elues, and mofl detraB 

E front -vs. Now wee confejie they MediTiefinotyhecaufg alfothe A- 
thenians did not. N^uertheleffe sphen i/j^.. Athenians afterwards 

A a inuaded] 


Tk Hi/lory of T RY CY D 



tnuaded the rtjl of the Grecians , in the fme kinde then A 
of all the Boeotians, they onely Attk'i:^d. 'But take now into your 
conftderation "^ithally fi^hat forme of^ouernment we were in both the 
one and the other ^ whenweedtd thit. For then had "fi^ee our Qtie 
sptierned, neither hy an Oligarchy^ with Lowes common to all, nor by 
a Demecratie^ hut the State was mannaged by a Few Tifith authority 
abfolute,then Ti^hich there is nothingmore contrary to Lawcs, andmo- 
deration, ?iormore apfireachiug <vntoTyranny. Andtheje Fe-pe^ ho- 
fingyet further, ij the Mcdes preuatled, to increa/e their olpne 
power, kept the people ynder, and furthered the comming in of the 
Barbarian. Andfo did the "^hole f'itie ^ but it iPOS not then Majler B 
ofitfelf-^ nor doth it deferue to bee ypbraided "U^ith what it did 
-^hen they had no Lawes, [but were at the will of others.] 
'Buf^henthe Medes "a^eregone^ and our Qity hadLa'Si^es^ confider 
noi», when the Athenians attempted to fubdue all Greece, and 
this Territory of ours -pfith the reft, wherein through f edition they had 
gotten many places already ,Ttfhether by giuing them Battell at Coro- 
nea, and defeating them^ "^e deliuered not Boeotia from feruitude 
then, and doe not alfo no^ yi^ith much ^eale afsijlyou in the ajferting 
of the reft, andftnde not more Horfes, and more prouifion of Warre, 
then any of the Confederates beftdes. ^nd fo much bee Jpokcn by q 
way of Apologie to our Medi:^ng. ^nd ^ee TV/// endeuour to prone 
W^, that the Grecians haue beene rather "Pronged by y oh ^ and that 
you aremore'k'erthy of all manner of punipment. lou became^ you 
fay , Confederates and X>eni:?^ns of Athens , for to bee righ- 
ted againft >f • againft <vs then onely the Athenians jhonld 
haue come "ipith you, and not you with them haue gone to the inuafton 
of the reft-^ eftecially, when j/f/?^ Athenians would haue led you 
whither you "^otdd not, you had the League of the Lacedemoni- 
ans, made t^ith you againft the ]S/lcdes,Ti?hich you fo often ohieEi, 
tohauerefortedvnto-^ which fni as fujficient not onely to haue prote- J) 
^edyonfromVs , but which is themaine matter, to haue fecured you 
to take tfhat ceurfe you had pleafed. But yoluntarily, and without 
conftraint^you rather chofe to follow the Athenians. Jnd you fay 
it had beene a difwneft thing , to haue betrayed your henef actors . But 
it is more dift)oneft, and more 'Vniufl byfarre,to betray the Grecians 
^muerfaUy,to'^h9myouhauefit>orne, then to betray ^/;e Atheni- 
ans alone -^ efpecially when theje goe about to deliuer Greece 
from fubieEiion^ and the other tojubdue it. Beftdes, the requi- 
tall you make the Athenians is not proportionable, nor free from 
dtft)onefty . for you ^ as you fay your ftlues , brought in the Athenians E 
to right you againft inimu,and you cooperate Ttiththem in iniurying 


Lib.j, Tijehijiorjo/T HV CYDiD Es, 


others. And ho-^vfosuery it is mtfo di/honejl to leaue a benefit 
ynrirquited, astomakefiich atYquital/, as though iu/l/y due, 
cannot be iuftly done. Butyou haue made it apparent, thtit eucn 
thenjt ypuf not for thcGrccimsfake^thatjou alone of all the Boe- 
oinnSymedi':iied not, but becaufe the Athcniani did not j yet now, 
you that would do as the Athenians did,and contraiy toiohatthe 
Grecians did, claims fauour o/thsfe, foryohat you did for the 
others fake. But there is no reafon for that ; ButasyouhaUe 
chofen the Azhcnhns, fil^tthem helpeyou mthis ttynll. Arid 
produce not the Oath of the former League, as if that Jhouldfaue 

Bjwwa^v; foryouhauerelinquijht it, dnd contrary to the famd, 
haue rather helped the AchenJAns tc fMue the .^gincc^ and 
others^therthindredthiimfrom it. And this you not onely did 
yoluntarily, and hauing La'Sfes, the. fame you haue no~9i>, and 
none fire ingydu to it, ds there did l?s, but alfo reieSied our lafi 
inUitation,{a little before theJJjuttitag yp ofyonr Citie) to quiet- 
neffe and neutrality. Who can therefore more deferuedly bee 
hated of the Grecians in generally thenyou, that pretend honefty 
to their ruine ? And thofe a6ls yvherein formerly, as you fay, you 
i;aue beene beneficiaUtothe Grecians,J'c?« haue noyp made appa- 

Q Tent to be none ofyours, and made trueproofebfivhatyour owrie 
nature inclinesyou to. For with Atheniansj'OM haue ifialked in 
the "^ay ofiniuflice. And thus much -pee haue laid open touch- 
ing our inuoluntary,andyouri;>oluniaryiAttici^ing. 
And for this lafi inimyyou charge los with,namely the ynlayvfuS 
inuading ofyour City in time of peace, and^ off our New-moonc 
Sacrifice, -^edQe not thinke, no not in thit a^ion,. that ycee haue 
offended Jo much asyouyour felues. [ For though 'wee had done 
yniuflly, if wee hadafaultedyour Citi)s, or -Rafted your Terri- 
tory as enemies, of oi4r o-^ne accord,y0kyphenthe prime men of 

jyyourosi'ne Citie, both ffr yeealth ^nd\NQbility,-ioilling to dif 
chargeyouofforraigne League, at^d xouforme you tothexom- 
mon infiitutions of all Bcrotia, did of their owne accord call 
IPS in, wherein heth the. ihiurie then? For they that leade 
tr(fjtj^refe, rawer tbmShdy that follow. But cu yoecconceiue, 
neither they nor "^eehaue tranfgrefed at all. ^ut being Citi- 
<Cens, ,cisy»ell as you, and hauii^g more to ha^niard, they 
■opened theiii^.oyene Gates^ and tooke ys into the Citie as 
Fric-ndi, not af Enemies ^ Tvith intention to keepe the 
tll-affecled from beeingyi>orfe, and to doe right to the good. 

g Taking' yponthem to^b^e moderators of your Councels, and 

not to depriue the Citie of your perfons : but to reduct^ 

A a 2. you 


T^he Hi/lory of Thv CYD IDES. Lib.^. 

you into one body with the refl of your kindred j and not to en- -A 
gage you in hoflilityyoith any, but to fettU you in peace with 
all. ^indfor an argument, that ys>ee did not this as enemies, ypec 
did harme tv no man, butproclaimed,that if any man ypere yoil- 
ling to haue the City gouerned after the common forme of all 
hcco6a.,hejhould come toys. Andyou came yi.nllingly atfrft, 
and -^cre quiet i but afierTfeardsyphenyou kne"^ y^e yeere but 
few, (though "^e might feeme to haue done fomewhat more then 
yvasfitto doe,TPithout the confent of your multitude) you did 
fiotbyi>s,as'9feedidbyyou.,frflinnouate nothing in fa^, and 
thenwithyoords pcrjwade i>s to goe forth againe, but contrary B 
to the compoftion,afiaulted ts. tAndfjr thofe menyoufley^ in 
the affray, yvegrieue notfo much {for theyfuffered by a kindeof 
Lay:) but to kill thofe that held Dp their hands^ for mercie, 
yphom tak en aliue,you afterwards hadpromifed to Jpare, yvas 
not this a horrible cruelty ? you committed in thisbufnejfe thYee 
crimes, one in the necke of another. Firfl the breach oft he com- 
poftion, then the death thatfolloyoed, of our men, and thirdly, 
the falfijying ofyour promife, tofaue them, ifyne did no hurt to 
any thing ofyour s in the Fidds. Andyetyeu fay that yoe are the 
tranfgreffcrs,andthatyouforyour parts deferue not to Undergo Q 
a iudgement. But it tiotherwife-Andifthefemen iudg£ aright, 
youjhall bepunifljed noypfor allyour crimes at once. We haue 
herein.mcn o{l^cedxmoi\ibeene thus Urge,bothfery our fakes, 
and ours. Foryours, to letyoufee, that ifyou candemne them, it 
yoiU lice no iniuftice; for ours, that the equity of&urreuenge may 
the. better appear e. Be not moued with the recitatl of their loer- 
tuesofold ( ifdnythey had)yohich though they ought td helpe 
the w ranged, fhould double \he punijiment offueh as commit 
ycickedne(fe,becaufe their offence doth not become them. Nor 
let. them fare eucr the better fir their lamentation, or your com- I> 
pafsion, yvhen they cry out "Dpon your leathers Sepulchers, and 
their owne want of friends. Farype'dn the other fde affirm^, 
that thcTouthofour Citiefuffered harder meafure from them, 
and their Fathers, partly flaine at Coronea, in bringing Boeoda 
toy our Confederation, and partly aliue and now old, and depri- 
ued of their children, makefarre iufler :fupplication to you for 
reuenge.Andpitty belongeth tofuchoifuffer'Yndeferuedly, bUt 
on the contrary, ychen men are ycorthilypuni/Jjed, {as thefe ar(*) 
' it if to bee reioycedat. And for their prefent want of friends, 
[theytnaythankethemfelues. For of their o^ne accord they re~ g 
ieSl ed the better Confederates. Andth^Layo hath beene brok en 


Lib,^. ne HtJhryofT^HY cYDiTi^s. 


A by them^mthoiit precedent yfirong from ofs, tn that they condem- 
ned our men (ptefuUy, rather then iudiciaBy j in which point wee 
JhaUnjyp come/hoi't of requiting them; for they fhaS fuffer Let^aQy, 
and not^as they jay they doe^with hands Ofpheldfrom battel!, but as 
men that haue put themfelues ypon triaB by confent. 

cMaintaine therefore ( jcc Lacedaemonians ) jhs La^v of 
the Grecians, a^ainft theje men that haue tranjgreffed it^and giue 
rvntO'i;s,thathautfujfercd contrary to the Layo^ theiujl rccom- 
pence of our alacritienn your [entice. And let not the words of 
the(e\^iue'vs arepulfejrom yoU' But [et yp an example to the 

B Grechns,by prefenting a>nto thefe men/i tryaH , not of words ^but 
offals -^ -^hichiftheybegoodiafJjortnarratimoftljemypillferue 
the turne; ifiO.compt Orations doe but ^e^le them. But if fuch 
oj haue the authority,ajyoH haue nowy "Vpould collet the matter to a 
head^ 4nd according as any man Jhould make anfycer thereunto jfo 
proceed tbfentencefmen would be lejfe in the fearch of fair e [pee- 
ches, wherewith toiXcufe the joulenefit of their aHi&ns. Thus 

And the Lacedamoniaklvtdges , co^cai:iing their Inters 
C rogatory to ftand well , ]^2mely^whetlkhbey had receiued any 
benejit-b^ ihvmdrMQt.jn thuprefent tVar, fFor they had indeed 
intreated the both at other tfmes, according tocheancierit 
h2guQofPauJmar,aka!xhk^^ddH'W^rTt, m fland ncQ- 
trali arid'allb a Htcle beforc'thc Siega;thQ p/AKi»^ had rbr-f 
ieCt^d their propoficion. :<2£ ibeing i^)ph^oiii friend toiboch 
fidcs,aecordingio lihc fame; league } facing thMnXeiues in 
relpe^t of thefc their iuft offers,, tojbfc now di^arged of 
the league,aiKJ to haue receiued euillattheichands, caufed 
thcfh'one by one to be brought fortli.v.and^iiauiiig askdd 
E) them itgaine the ^rae <pc&xQn,Wbithmtheyh(iim^ way be- 
nefited-' the Lacedjemonlansj and their' Comf^eratiesUnthu pre- 
fent fr4>r5,or»i)/'.?; as they! infwcred,; -Nat , led' them afidc 
and flew them,Hot exempting- any.' Of' the p'latkans thera^; 
lelues they flew no lelle thcato^ iQi^th€niaiis-,who werej 
beiieged with them, 25.; i 10ic Wdtnen they madeflauessl 
and the ry;^'Z'^«5 a'fsigned the Citie'forayccre , or therea^j 
bouts, for an habitation to. {uchMsgaf^ns, as in fedition) 
had been driuen from their owne , and to all thofej 
■Pldt.4vt^ ^ which liuing, were.of the rk^4« fa(5tion.! 
, But afterwards, pulling it: all downe to the very, 
foundation, they buiita'Hbfpitall in the place, neere the' 
' '«'• Temple; 

The IMiebtimumtt pro- 
ceed vwth tk«ii qucllioa , 


The Tlsutati ire put lo 


%% ^tbemarudaiae with 


Platiti pulled dewBC. 


TheHiJloryof Tnvcr DIB ES^ Lib.3. 

The UueUmmmun 
their lenicRce vpon the 
Piir*««,h«ue more rcf- 
peA to tbtirowne pro- 
fit, cbcn to the iBcru of 
(kc caufc 

ccn h«mc. 

The fedition ofCerqra 
otcaConfdby the C«p- 
tiuet that came from 

nouncinf; of then league 
with ^(W/)>. 

Templcofiawo, of 100 foot diameter, with chambers ouA 
euery fide in circle, both aboue and below ; vfing therein 
thcroofes, anddooresof theP/4frf4wj buildings. And of 
the red of the fluffe, that was in the Citie wall, as BralTc 
and Iron, they made Bedfteds, and dedicated them to Imo, 
to whom alio they built a (tone Chappell of 1 00 foote 
ouer. The Land they confifcated, and fet it to farme af- 
terwards for ten yecres to the Thehans. So farre were the 
Lacedemonians alienated from the Plat^ans, efpeciallyjOr ra- 
ther altogether for the Thebans fake, whom they thought 
vfefull to them in the VVarrc now on foot. So ended the B 
bufinelTe at ^laua, in the fourfcore and thirteenh ycere af- 
ter their league made with the Athenians. 

The 40 Gallies oi Peloponnejtu, which hauingbeen fent 
to aydc the lesbians ^^t<\, as hath bcene related , through 
the wide Sea,cha fed by the >^r^^«/4wj,and tolled by flormes 
oaxhe Co^?ioi Crete ^ came thence difperfed, into pdopon- 
nefut,zu(i found thirteene Gallies, Leucadians, anA Mbrati- 
otes, in the Hauen of Cj^i^^w^, with Brafidcu the ferns of Tellts^ 
come thither tobe o£counfelLwith ^Icidcu. For the La- 
cediemonians, feeing thev failed of X.<fi/'w, dcterraincd with C 
their Fleet augmentea to fay le to C£>rcyr<f ,which was infe- 
dicion , ( there being but tvvelue ^tbenim Gallics about 
mupA5ius^tQ.z\\tm^thi(ty might be there before, the fup- 
piy of a greater Fleet ,fhould come from yi^/iytf«f. So Braji- 
<2Wand Ji«</d/ emplayeisl thcm^elues in that. 

The fedition in (?dnr^r4,bcgan vpon the comming home 
of thofcdaptiues^which were taken in the battels by Sea, 
at ^Epidammuymd nsicifed afterwards by the (^orintbians, at 
bhe ranlbmc,'as was^viiyccd, of eighty talents , for which 
they had giuen feciirity to their Holies ; but in fad: , for D 
that they ^lad per fwaded the Corinthians, that they would 
■put.Corcyrd ihto their power. Thefe men going from man 
toman , folicited the Citie to reuolt from the Athenians. 
And two Gallies being now come in , one of Athens, ano- 
ther of (^TwJ/b.with AmbailTadors from both thofe States, 
che(^()rf!yr^4w vpon audience of them both,dccreed to hold 
the .yithenians for their 'Confederates, on Articles agreed 
on j but withall to remaine friends to the Pelopomtfianiy as 
they had formerly been. There was one Pithiasy volunu- 
ry Hoftc ofthc.//i!/;^M/»j, and that had bin principall Ma- 
gidrate of the people : Him, thefe men called into iudge* 


Lib.:^. T^eUiJlory of T HVCYT> ID Es* 

A menc,and laid to his charge a pracfliccto bring the Gtie 
into the feruitude of the Athenians. He againe, being ac- 
quitjCallcd in qucftion,fiue of the vveaJthiefl; of the lame 
men, faying,thcy had cut * certaine Stakes in the ground, 
belonging to the Temples both of lupiter , and of Alciniii, 
vpon euery of which , there lay a penalty of a * Stater. 
And the caufe going againfl them, they tookc SancTtuary 
in the Temples, to the end,the fummc being great , they 
might pay it by portions , as they fhould be uxed! But 
Pitbias { for he was alfo of the Senate J obtained that the 

3 La wfliould proceed. Thefefiuc being by the Law ex- 
cluded the Senate,and vnderdanding that Pithins , as lon» 
as he was a Senator, would caufe the people to hold for 
friends and foes , the fame that were io to the Athenians, 
confpired with the rell,and armed with Daggers, fudden- 
\y brake into the Senate houfe, and flew both Tithias and 
others,as well priuate men as Senators, to the number of 
about fixty perfons 5 onely a few of tiioie of phhias his 
f action, efcaped into the Athenian Gallic that lay yet in 
the Harbour. When they had done this , and called the 

C Corcyrcans to an Affembly, they told them^that what they 
had donc,was for the belt, and that they fhould not be 
now in bondage to the ^ithenians. And for the future 
they aduifed them to be in quiet, and to receiue neither 
party, with more then one Gallic at once ; and to take 
them for enemies,if they were more. And when they had 
fpokcn,forced them to decree it accordingly. They alfo 
prefently fent Ambaffadors to Athens, both to fhew that 
it was fit for them to doe what they had done, and alfo to 
diffwadefuch Corcyreans as were fled thither of the other 

D fad:ion,from doing any thing to their preiudice , for fearc 
the matter fhould fall into a relapfe. 

When thefe arriued , the Athenians apprehended both 
the Ambatladors themfelues,as feditious perfons, and alfo 
all thofe Corcyreans whom they had there preualled with 5 
ana fent them to cuflody in JE^ina. In the meane time, 
vpon the conmiing in of a Gallic of Gr/«;i^,with Ambaf- 
fadours from Laced.mon, thofe that mannaged the State, 
allay led the Commons,and ouercame them in fight. And 
night commingon,the Commons fled into the Citadell, 

E and the higher parts of the Citie, where they rallyed 
themfelues,and encamped, and made themfelues Mafters 



Vtth'iat, owe of ilic A^ht' 
turn faiftioii, actuledjand 
abfolucd.aceulcth lome 
of chc other fadion, 

''^^y^f Slaves, cither 
fitr rinefioptWhichate 
parUcHtaty caUd-^^ttYja: 
or for other prefinevfe^ 
' OfotirmoTiy Mui ly 

Plih'sai and others flaine 
in the Senate. 

The LacUmeniJ»fi(iion 
affayle the Cottionoai', 


I ThHifloryofT^nvc^TiWiES, Lib.^. 

j«/ tbc LI;: mij]tlt Kti^Mit. 

The Cfr.atttn ouercomc 
ihe 0:.iJXcbn.tdli. 

or die H.iuen called the Hillaique Haucn. But the Nobi- A 
\ky feazed on the Market place ( where alfo the mofl: of 
them dwelt J and on the Hauen on the fide toward the 

The next day they skirmifhed a little with * flioc , and 
both parts fent abroad into the Villages to folicitc the 
llaucs with promile of liberty , to take their parts. And 
the greatefl; part of the flaucs tooke part with the Com- 
mons J and the other fide had an aide of goo men, from the 

The next day but one they fought againe, and the pec- B 
pie had the Victory, hauing the oddes, both in (Irength 
of places , and in number of men. And the women alfb 
manfully alsilled them, throwing Tyles from the houfes, 
and enduring the tumult, euen beyond the condition of 
their Sex?. The Few began to flie about twilight , and 
fearing lell the people fliould cuen with their fhout take 
the Arlenall and io come on and put them to the fword, 
to (loppe their pailagCjfet fire on the houfes in circle about 
the Market place,andvpon others neere it. Much goods 
of Merchants was hereby burnt, and the whole City , if q 
the wind had rifen and carried the flame that way , had 
been in danger to haue been dcflroyed. When the people 
had gotten the VicTtory, the Corinthian Gallie Role away, 
andmofloftheauxiliariesjgatouerpriuily into the Con- 

The next day Nicoftratw^tbejonne o/Diotrephcs.zn Athm- 
an Commander, came in with u Gallics, and ^oo McJJeni- 
an men of Armes, from NaupaSltu , and both negotiated a 
reconciliation, and induced them f to the end they might 
agree ) to condemne ten of the principall authors of the D 
Sedition ( who prefently fled } and to let the -reft alone, 
with Articles both betweene themfelues , and with the 
Avhcniam to eileeme friends and enemies, the fame the ^^ 
theniansdiid. When he had done this, he would haue been 
gonc,but the people perfwaded him before he went , to 
leauc behind him,fiue of his Gallies, the better to kcepe 
their aduerlaries from flirring , and to take as many of 
theirs,which they would man with Corcyreans , and fend 
with him. To this he agreed , and they made a Lift of 
thofethat fhouldimbarke, confif ling altogether of their JT 
enemies. Butthele, fearing to be, fent to Athens, tookc 


Lib. J. The Hijiory o/T Hv cr DID ES, 

A Sancftuary in the Temple of Caftor and ToLux^ But N/- 
cofiratM endeauouredtoraife them, and fpakc to them, 
to put them into courage .- but when hcc could not pre- 
uaile, the people (arming themfelues on pretence, that 
their diffidence to goc zIqu^ with Nico(Iraius proceeded 
from fome euill intention) tooke away their Armcs 
out of their houfes, and would alfo haue killed fome 
of them, fuch as, they chanced on, i^NrcojIratits had not 
hindred them. .. 

Others alfo when they faw this, tooke San(5luary in 

B the Temple of Jmo, and they were in all aboue foure 
hundred. But the people fearing fome innouation, got 
them by perfwafion to rife, and conueying them into the 
Hand tliat lycth ouer againft the Temple of imo^ fent 
them their nccellaries thither. 

The Sedition (landing in thefetermes,the fourth or fifth 
day after the putting ouer of thefe men into the Hand, 
arriued the^^/(?^o««^jf<t» Fleet from Cyllene, where, fince 
their voyage of Ionia, they had lycn at Anchor, to the 
number of three and fiftie failc. ^Icidcu had the com- 

Q mand of thefe, as before, and Brafdas came with him as a 
Counfcllour. And hauing firft put in at Sybota, a Hauen 
of the Continent, they came on the next morning by 
breakc of day toward Y^orryrrf. 

The Corcyr^ems being iii great tumult and feare, both 
of the Seditious within, and of the inuafion without, 
made ready thrccfcore Gallics, and flill as any of them 
were manned, fent them out againd the Enemie 5 where- 
as diQ Athenians had aduifed them to giucieaue to them 
to goe forth firft, and then the Qorcyr^ans to follow after 

X^ with the whole Fleet together. When their Gallies 
cameforth thus thinnc, two of them prefently turned to 
the Enemie, and in others, they that were aboord, were 
together by the eares amonglt themfelues, and nothing 
was done in due order. The Pehponnefiam feeing their 
confufion, oppofcd themfelues to the Corcyr<eam with 
twenty Gallies onely, the rell they fet in array againd the 
twelue Gallics Qf.^;Zjettj, whereof the SMaminia and the 
ParaluiWQrQlwQ^i, . ■ • ; 

The Coro'r^^Wi hauing come dilbrderly vp, and by 

E few at once, were on their part, ih much didreile; 
but the yitbmmsy fearing the Enemies number , and 

B b doubting 



Alcid^ asd the Pflopirr, 
ncfiiiis arriue and fi.^hc 
at Sea againft the Cor- 


The HiftQvj 0/ T H V c y D I b E s. Lib. t^. 



Joubcing CO bccinvironed, would ikuer come vp to A 
charge the Enemie where chey iloodthieke, nor would 
fee vpon the Gallics that were placed in the middeft, 
but charged one end of thenij and drowned one 6f their 
Gallies; and when the Peloponnefians afterwards had 
put their Fleet into a circular figure, they then went 
abourand about it, cndcuouring to put them into diforder; 
which they that were fighting againft the Corcyr^ans 
pcrceiuing , and fearing fuch another chance as befell 
them formerly at Naupa^w , went to their aydc, and 
vniting themfclucs, came vpon the Athenians _ zii to- 

But they rctyring, rowed a flcrnc, intending that the 
Conyrceans fhould take that time to elcape in ; they them- 
felues in the meane time going as lealurely backe as was 
pofsible, and keeping the enemie Hill a head. Such was 
this Battell, and it ended about Sun-fct. 

The Corcyr<^ans fearing left the Enemie in purfuic of 
their Vid:orie, fhould hauccome dircd:ly againft the 
Citie, or take aboord the men which they had put o- 
uerinto the Hand, or doe them Ibmc other mifchiefe, q 
fetcht backe the men into the Temple of Juno againc, and 
guarded the City. 

But the ^JPeloponnefians, though they had wonnc the 
Battell, yet durft not inuadc, the Citie, but hauing taken 
thirteene of the Corc^raan Gallics, went backe into the 
Continent from whence they had fct forth . The next day 
they came not vnto the Citic, no more then before, al- 
though it was in great tumult and affright : and though 
alio Brafidas fas it is reported) aduifed ^Icidtu to it, but 
had not equall authority ; but onely landed Souldiers at D 
the Promontory oi Leucimnat and wafted their Terri- 
tory. ■■ ' 

hi the mean time the people of Coro'r^,ftaring extreme- 
ly, left thofe Gallies fhould come againft the Citie, not 
oncly conferred with thofe in Sandtuary, and with the 
reft, about how the Citie might bepreferued, but alfo in- 
duced fome of them to goc aboard. For notwithftanding 
the ledition,thcy manned 30. Gallics, in t^xpedration that 
the Fleet of the enemy fhould haue entrail. But the Pelo- 
ponnefians hauing beene wafting of their Fieldes , till £ 
it was about noone, went their wayes againe. Within 
' ^^ night. 

Ltb. ^ TifeNiJiorj of YHVCYDiDk^, 


A nightj the Corcyrxans had notice by fires of thfcefcdrc A~ 
tbeni^ Gallics comming toward them from teuccu yihidi 
zhiJtbeniAns^ vpon intelligence of-thc Sedition, and of 
the Fleet to goe to Corcyrttvnd^ ^leidcu, had fent to ayde 
chem, vndcr the conduft of Ettrymedortt the Sonne of 

The Peloponncfians therefore, as foone as night came, 
fayled fpeedily home, keeping ftill the fhorc, and caufihg 
their Gallies to bee carried oucr at the Iflhmus of Leucoj, 
that they might not come in fight, as they went about. 

B But the TtopkofCorcyra hearing of the Unique Gallies, 
comming in,aHd the going off of the Teloponnefiamjbrought 
into the Citie thofe * MefenUnSy which before were with- 
out,and appointing the Gallics which they had furnifhed, 
to come about into the Hiliaique Hauen, whilcft accor- 
dingly they went about, flew all the contrary Fadlioh 
they could lay hands on j and alfo afterwards threw o- 
uer-boord, out of the fame Gallies, all thofe they had be. 
fore pcrfvvaded to imbarquc, and fo went thence. And 
comming to the Temple of /«w, they perfwaded 50. of 

C thofe that had taken San(auaric, to rererrethemfelues to a 
Icgall tryall ; all which they condemned to dye. But the 
mod ofthe Sanctuary men, that is, all thofe that were 
not induced to ftand to tryall by Law, when they faw 
what was done, killed one another there-right in the 
Temple, Ibmc hanged themfclues on Trees, cuery one as 
he had means,madc himfelfeaway. And for 7. daies toge- 
ther that Eurymedon ftayed there with his 60. Gallics, the 
Corcjr^ans did nothing but kill fuch of their City as they 
tooke to bee their Enemies, laying to their chirgc a pra- 

D <Sice to haue cuerted the popular gouernment. 

Amongftwhom, Ibmc were flaine vpon priuate Ha- 
tred, and fome by their debtors, for the money which 
they had lent them. All formes of death were then fcene, 
and (as in fuch cafes it vfually falles out ) whatfoeuer 
had happened at any time, happened alfo then, and more. 
For the Father flew his Sonne ; men were dragged out of 
the Temples, and then flaine hard by ; and fome immured 
in the Tmple of Bacchus, dyed within it. Socruell was this 
Sedition ; and feemed fo the more,bccaulc it was of thefe 

E the firft. For afterwards, all Greece^ as a man may j(ay, 

was in commotion J and quarrels arofc cuery where be- 

Bbt tweenc 

ThrtcrcorefaiJe oiAthi- 
rJani cooic co ayit the 
Lercjrtm C«BUii*o<. 

The FeUfomtJuuis depart 
with ibeit Fleet* 

* 1^ {tmt wis Mlcofiia- 

The people, Tp«n Ae 
comming ia et the Atht- 
•itfrn, Bseft cruelly put lo 
<teach vrkomf«cuei tbej 

Dcrcription of the beha- 
uiour of the people in 
this fe^tien. 


TkWtJiQry^'^^ e'^:- tib.3, 

1 ::i^iw»3\jicr,%u^ 

tkM^c] ofibejian tftbihgi. 

flif manBcrjif the fc- 


r«("»C iit 

'fhimlliitf, tfCovfin'iis 
r^tln ctiUim LtKtiJi/r 
lie mare rrffiltbtttnaiini- 
ejhy eft h(ir Trad f I trnttUs, 
fy'Titih to htuic kttnt in vjt 
imi. as nam. 
' ■_ ^ < 

twe^Be-tb^'Patroii^ ot' tbeirioobimoiisv that fou^Jit!;^^r<5 A- 
byng in xhs ^:beniiim^2nd ihs-FeSp, than dtiikred ■ rf«b*iti^ 

l^iiK; haid hq pretence, nor wiQuid hauc 1 beetle [o f^i^i^ 
00 call diPmin j- but-becingiWarreyiatjdXicnfedei-at^rtcy 
bee luid for e)ther party, both to hurt their Enemies') and 
iirengtbpHthemfeiues, fucb ^las'defired akcratibn^^^alily 
got tjieni to come iniiiAnd manjpanij he^^^rs thi^^ji]apJ 
ned, in ■tffe Cities • thrdugh chisi Sedition^' which- Cli'oUgh- 
they.haije.bcenc before, and IhaHfbeeueri, 'al^dong ^^ hu- 
mane ii^jure is the lame, yet then^ are mare>calme,'a'iKp<5f B 
cfiLiIercHt^kiads,aGcordliig to thc*ieueralid?)hJUn<ftLir<*'!&.' For 
inpeaceandprofperity,afwell Cities asipfitiste i1:iHi]'are 
bcttjsr iiiindied^ becaufethcy bee not pltinged'inton^^fsity 
of doing any thing agaihH their will;buc Wir taking; away 
the affltipif^of daily necellariesiisa moft vibleiit Maite^,6c 
conformedi mol\ menspafsionsto the^pf^fent occafion. 
The Cities thereford being nowin Scdit1diii;and thoft that 
fell into it later, hauing heaijdu{what had beene done iri 
the former, they farre cxc'cdded the feme in neWrieffe 
6f conceipt,. bothiibr. thcarcuoiF allaiiing; and fdr the C 
flrangefici]c of their reueiig^s.'iTrheW^eiUcd valiie of 
names ijUpoicd forfignificationsof thingij-WasChan^Jeifin- 
toarbitraty.; For JHConfidiratc boldnerte; was totintcd 
true hearted manlineilc; prouideht deUbcration, a ban- 
fbme fe^e j modelly , the cloake of cowardice ; to' be wife 
jncueyy thing, to be lazie in etrcry thing. A furious fird- 
denncilewas repuccd^a point of valour. To re-ad uiie for 
the better Xecurity, was held F^f a faire pretext of^tergi- 
uerfatioi).- Hce thit was fie;rce, Wffs alwayes trufly • -and 
bee that contraried fuch a one,f was fufpedtcd. H^^that E 
(did iniidiate, ifittooke, was-a wife man j' but hee that 
could rmeUoutaTraplaid,altiore dailgi^fous ilian^;then 
hee : But bee that had beene; foprouident; as not to iieede 
to doe theone or the other, was faid tcy^bee^a diilbluer of 
ifociety ^ and one that ftood in^ fearc of ; his^ aduerfafjn In 
briefe, he that could outilripanother in tile doing of an e^ 
uill ad, or that could perfwiideanothei^'th'erero, that' ne- 
uer meant it, was commended.' To bce^ kihhe to aiiothl.^r, 
was not to. be fo necrc as to be at his fociet;)*, be'caiife' thefc . ^ 
were ready to vndcrcakc any thing, and not 'to dilpliti^ it. E' 
For thele ^ Societies were »ipt made Vpdn prelfcfibed 
l,w Lawes 

C<MlB^ih^nc»)' ^^'"-^ ""^^ ...•-... ..->^^,... ^ ■ .. 

|. *p<? 

itifca'cio ofW?f 

hi<^feerfgs Tweeter b); ^i^ cmlV;' tli% if h^fi^^" taken ti^e 
op;^f vvay .-'"' Vlj^i' thty 'Miiot '.orfel^'puif ' t6''&^^nt ' llie 
fil^i^f^lii-of tliit tourfeV-^t haulh^' circur^'^hted diar 
i^tailjry bj-'farad,;al!?rinddto chenlfeJuesli|^rh'alU ma- 
il eric in poipc of vyic. .And difhpnrft ntin^.'fbt the ripf^ 
prii^t-krcToonef ailed abt^^tlien fimple men'hofiefL' ^nd 
rti'f rt itt aj1^in:fed of r his tirje^bur tale ^ pricf;^ hi the btlii? J 
The cauTe 6f;adl'this ls'(h'fit-hfruh;out6?/ijmce and'J/|^ 
/'//'/(?/?,and the izeale of * corirebtibn f^oib BW^'vVo proce^^li . 
(3 ding, tor fuch as wett. or aumority irr'th'e Cirics bom '' ^'?.''''^''''^ '"'&""'' '""^ 
of Ae one and the other 'F^i2ioft,r pfffiriiig^M^r '^^^ip^:;^^^::^^ 
tirtt^^bne th<S'po1^tica^chi\!i{^^ • 't^e'other th'^' 

tri6feate ^////ei/Kiffif, tliou^h inWBHd's thw 'fib'riied to Be'' 
f^&lntsof th^\1?ubli4af';-thcy.Vmade''it in^mjn- MM 
Pr ize of their 'cMtcntioji .' ' ' And' 'il^iuing ' by Vha tfo'^uer^ 
m"?]riies to ob'ercbm^, both'^enturec('(^A' niiop'fibrriLle; out-. 
r.rges', and proficuted thfeir feuenffe^'^ftill fi/rt'fj^^ w^^^^^ 
an)'''r«}gard of luUice, orVjie p'l^blifct! ' ^ood; Mc' linilcing: 
thejil;each Fa(fiion/bj. tliMir ou^cl^jppetire VianJ flpod' 
reid^'., whether by vnii|ft fenteat*?!,;' or \vith' cheir own? 
hadds, when they ]QiOiiI(^'§i^po\Vei;,'rcJ. fatisfle' their prei 



thebairew'itli'^faire Oration, llie'neutrals.ofthc Cicie 
\Vertdeflroy^dby botH Fadlions- partly /beckufetHcy 
would not lidc'with thehi and partkfor.eiiuie that they 
fhouldibeicapfe;' :■[::•.:.. .:.-^'.ii;j{r : nf^.iv ^ .a^ 

Thus was.wickednel^eon fodtindiery-fei^i throUgft- 
biit all greece, bj>"the occafion c>ftl|cfi^;fediti6iij.' * Sincfent'y 
(whereof there is much in a generbtis nature)' Wa^ laugh- 

■ cd 


T^he Hijtotj q/T h v c y d t D E s, Lib.^. 

In fctUrieHsn^ cenftifi- 
on,ikcy chatdiftruft 
their wiu, fuddcnly vfe 
their hands, and dcfcitc 
more fnktijc Cert. 


cd downe. And it was farrc the beft courfc, co (land dif- A 
fidcntly againfl each other, with their thoughts in batteil 
array, which no fpeech was fo powerfull, nor Oach terri- 
ble cnoueh to disband. Andbcingallofthcm, the more 
they conndercd, the more defpcratc of aflprance, they ra- 
ther contriucd how to auoid a railchiefc, then were able 
to rely on any mans faith. And for the moft part, fuch 
as had the Icaft wit, had the bed fucceflc j for both their 
owncdcfe(5t,^nd the fubtilty of their aduerlarics, putting 
them into a great feare to be ouercome in words, or at lead 
in prc-infidiationjby their enemies great craft, they there- B 
fore went roundly to worfce with them, with dcolcs. 
Whereas the other, not caring though they wexe percei- 
ucd, and thinking they needed not to take hy force, what 
they might doe by plot, were thereby vnprouided^ and lb 
the more eafily flaine. 

In CoreyrA then wercthefecuils for the moll part com- 
mitted firfl: J and fo were all other, which either luch men 
as haue beene goucrncd with pride, rather then modefty, 
by thofeon whom they take reuenge,werc like to commit 
in taking it;or which fuch men as (land vpon their deliuery ^ 
fro long pouerty,out of couetoulhcs (chiefly to haue their 
neighbours goodsjwould contrary to iufticc giue their voi- 
ces to:or which men,not for couetoufnes,but aflailing each 
other on equall terracs, carried away with the vntulinelTc 
of their anger, would cruelly and inexorably execute. 

And the common courfe of life being at that time con- 
founded in the Gtie 5 the nature of man, which is wonc 
euen againftLaw to doe cuill, gotten nowaboue the Law, 
(hewed it fclfe with delight, to be too weake for pafsion, 
too ftrong for iuftice, and enemie to all fupcriority . Elfe 
they would neucr haue preferred reuenge before inno- 
cence, nor lucre (whenfoeucr the cnuie of it was without 
power to doc them hurt) before iu(b'cc. And for the 
JLawcs common to all men in fuch cafes, (which, as long 
as they be in force, giue hope to all that fuiFer iniury j men 
dcfirenot tolcaue them (landing, againdtheneede a man 
in danger may haue of thc,but by their rcuenges on others, 
to be beforehand in fubuerting them. Such were the pafsi- 
onsof the Corcyr^ans firft of all other Grecians, towards 
one another in the City. And Eurymedon and the Athenians E 
departed with their Gallies. 



Lib.^: neHi/lorjo/ T HV CYD IDES. 


to tUaCeuyeasiiat 

They (Tome ©uer It for- 
cify themfduesiai/^ewt. 

A Afcei'wardsj fuch of the Corcyr^am'as had fled Cfdi-j foo.ofthcNobiiiry 
there- e/caped about ^oo. ofthem)hauing feazed on the | iuci/ptc«lsbiL''v 
Forts in the Continent, iinpatronized themfelucs of their 
owne Territory on the other fide, and from thence came 
oucr and robbed the Ilanders, and did them much hurt j 
and there grew a great Fartiinc in the Citie. They like- 
wile leiit Amballadours to Lacedamon nM f^orimhS'^^cer- 
n'ng their redudiion; and when they could get nothing 
dons, hauing gotten boates, and fome auxiliary fouldiers, 
they palled, a while after, to the number of about 6oo. 

B into the Hand. Where when they had fet fire on their 
Boates, that they might trull to nothing, but to make 
themfelues mailers of the Field, they went vp into the 
Hill ///o^.', and hauing there fortified themfelucs with a 
Wall, infefled thofe within, and were mailers of the Ter- 
ritory. ' 

In the end of the fame Summer, the Athenians fent twen- Gtiii«1rtt'''!v"t'° 
ty Gal lies into Sicily, vnder the command of Laches the ' tcnce to ayde the !"</«- 
lonnedf.5^./^^ci)//^, and QhamdMXht ^omc of Euphikm: ^""^l^^ZT^^^^^^^ 
For the .S''VM<rw/?<aHi' and the L^£>«f/«^j 'were now warring a- 

Q gainil each other. The Confederates of the Syracu(ians 
were all the Doriqui Cities. (except iJhe (^amarinaans)which 
alio in the beginning of this Warre were reckoned in the 
League of the Lacedemonians, but had notyetlyded them 
in the Warre. The Confederates of the Leontines, were 
the Chalcidique Cities , together with Camarina. And in 1- 
taly, the Locrians were with the Syracufians ; but the Rhe- 
^/Vi«j, according to their conlanguinity, toofce part with 
the Leontines. Now the Confederates of the Lt-ontines, in 
refpe<5l: of their ancient alliance with the ^thmanst as al- 
D fo for that they were lomm obtained of the Athenians, to 
fend them Gallies ; for that the Leontines were dcpriued 
by the Syra:ufians of the vfe both of the Land and Sea. And 
fo the People of Athens fent ayde vnto them, pretending 
propinquity, but intending, both to hinder the tranlporta- 
tionof Corne from thence into (peloponnefus,cLnd alio to taft 
the pofsibility of taking the States of ^/f/'/y into their own 
hands. Thefe arriuing at Rhenium in Ital},ioymd with tlie 
Confederates, and beganne the Warre j and ib ended this 

E Thencxtwinter, the Sicknefle fell vpon the Athenians 

againe (hauing in deed ncucr totally left the Citie,though 

I there 

if corne from (hence 
into Peltro>i)iefiii,3ndto 
fpjr out the ponjibiUty of 
fubduing that lland, 

The end of the fifth 

The Plague sg«i neat 


TheHiJlory of Tn\cY DIVES. Lib.^, 

The AitwaiBii inuade the 
t p^<j.M,an*i Unnclical- 

Thuciaidet mtnliontd 

whncifthu bur IS tbi 
name oftbt inhthitenn of 
i>ici]y i»gina»ll, ibcfor- 
mtr, are tntlj thtjl that 
Wirt eftkal nin.t tnlitntt) 
m Italy, and ccmmiHg ouir 
/»«« Sicily, {Mt rir«l name 
to ibt lUrtd. 

The Sixth 

F.arthquaVts about £«- 
ktu, ami inundations* 

therc'vvas fomeintermifsion, and continued aboue a ycerc A 
after. But the former latled two yeeres ; inlbmuch as 
nothing affli(rted the Athenians ^ or empaired their (Ircngth 
more then it. For the number that dyed of it, of men of 
Armes enrolled, were no leile then 4400. and Horfemen, 
300. of the other multitude, innumerable. There hap- 
pened alfo at the fame time many Earthquakes, both in 
^rkwj-^andin Ett/'a«<, and alfo amongft the Baotiam ;Zi:i<i 
in ' Baotia, chiefly at Orchomenui. 

The Athenians and Rhegians that were now in Sicily\ 
made VVarre the lame Winter on the Hands called ths i- B 
lands of/Eolufy with thirty Gallies. For in Summer it was 
impofsiblc to Warre vpon them for the fhallownefle of 
the Water. Thefe Hands arc inhabited by the Lipareans^ 
who are a Colonie of the Cnidiam, and dwell in one of the 
fame Hands, no great one, called Iz/j^rrf, and thence they 
I goe forth, and husband the reft, which arc Dydime, Stron- 
gyle, and Hiera. The Inhabitants of thofe places haue an 
opinion, that in Hieray Vulcan exercifeth the craft of a 
Smith . For itis fee^ve to fend forth abundance of fire in 
theday timc,and ofSinoake in the night. Thefe Hands C 
are adiaccnt to the Territorie of the * SicuH , and 
S^Aefjanians y hut were Confederates of the S^racufians^ 
When the Athenians had wafted their Fields, and faw they 
would not come in, they put ofFagaineand went to Rhe- 
gium. And fo ended this Winter, and the fifth yeere of 
this Warre, written by Thucydides. 

The next Summer, the Peloponnefians and their Confe- 
derates came as farre as the ij'^/j^^i^, vnder the conduct of 
^^t^ the Sonne of v^V<:/;/WdwtM, intending to haue inuaded 
Attica; but by realbnofthc many Earthquakes that then D 
happened, they turned backe^, and the inuafion proceeded 

About the fame time, (Eubceahclng then troubled with 
Earthquakes) the Sea came in at Or&hi^,on the part which 
then was Land,and being impetuous withal l,ouerflo wed 
moll part of the Citie, whereof part it couered, and part 
it wafhed downe, and made lower in the returne ; fo thac 
it is now Sea, which before was Land. And the People, 
as many as could not prcuent it by running vp into the 
higher ground, pcrifhed. Another inundation like vnto E 
this, hapned in the He oiAtaUmta^ on the Coaft of Locris 



The Hiftory ofli^n v c TJQ'Fi) r $. 


[A of the Opuntiansy and carried away pan ^6^ t\± MWkns 
Fort thcl-e, and oftwoGaliies" that lay (Sii^'dty'^IiaAd, k 
brake one in pieces. ., /.■ q-b (• ■ ntrcj;.:.: 

Alio there happened at T^^^^fr^/Awr^a't^rtaine rifing of 
the water, but it brake not in. And a part of the W'd\\, 
the * Towne-houfe, and fome few houfes belideis, Were 
ouerthrownc by the Earthquakes. The caufe of^fuch 
inundation^ for my part, I take to be this ; that the Earth- 
quake,where it was very great, did there lend off the Sea, 
and the Sea returning on a fudden, caufed the Water to 
J3 comeon with greater violence. And it feemeth vnto me, 
that without an Earthquake, fuch an accident could neuer 

The fame Summer, diuers others, as they had feuerall 
occafions, made Warre in Sicily. So alio did the * Sicilians 
amongft themfelucs, and the Athenians with their Confe- 
derates. But I will make mention, onely of fuch mofl 
memorable things, as were done either by the Confede- 
rates there with the Athenians yOr: againft the Athenians by 
C Qhnr^eades the Athenian Generall being flainc by the 
Syracufians, Laches, who was now folc Commander of the 
Fleet, together with the Confederates, made Warre on 
^yUy a Towne belonging to JMeJfana. There were in 
Myl'C two companies o^ J^efjanians in Garrifon,the which 
alfolaid acertaineAmbufhforthofe that came vp from 
the Fleet. But the Athenians and their Confederates, both 
put to flight thofe that were in ambufh, with the {laugh- 
ter of the moft of them, and alfo aflaulting their Fortifi- 
cation, forced them on compofition, both to render the 
D Citadeil, and to goc along with them againft cMeffana. 
After this , vpon the approach of the Athenian's and 
their Confederates, the SHefanians compounded likewife, 
and gaue them Hoftages, and fuch other lecurity as was 

The fame Summer, the Athenians font thirtic Gal- 
lies about Peloponne(wy vnder the command of Dcmo- 
flhenes the fonnc of ^ntiflhenesy and Troclut the fonne 
of Tueodorus ; and 6o. Gallies more, with zooo- men of 
Armes, commanded by Nicias the fonne of jSJiceiwdas^ 
E into S^e'ou For the Athenians , in refpc(^t that the 
* UAiam were Ilanders, and yet would neither bee tlieir 
C c Sub- 

The naturall caufc of In- 
undation giuta by cho 



The Aihemati-.^cTii DtKr- 
;?hfwwith Jo. GaUics 

I AndXhij3whh£o .Gal- 
lies into the Hand of 

* Mii/w. TfcfMelia'nt 
men{ion:da lillle after thit, 

' IknHers, nor termti 
MnA/o/ , but Mil WHf. - ' 


TheHifiary afT'Jn v c y nxt^ e s. Lib.5. 

The Anny of N'/Vut.and 
another Armic from the 
Citie of ^lirM, mectc 
vpon a /ignr giucn, at 

They oucrcome the TiJ 

The Ijj«(f.<WOTJinu build 
the City Heradc*. 

faly, wcct/kMcliani 

Theeommodious frttc 
of this new City for the 

Subie(^s, nor of chck League, intending to fubduc them. A 
But when vpon the wa(ling. of their Fields they flill 
Hood out, they departed from Melos, and fayled to Oro^us, 
in the oppofite Cpptinent. . ; . . : > ; .. ; . 

Beeing there arriued within night, the men of Armcs 
left the Gallics, and marched prcfently by Land to Tana- 
grain Baotin. To which place, vpon a Iigne giuen, the 
Athenians that were in the.Citie of ^^thens, came alio 
forth with their whole Forces, led by Hipponnicw the 
fonneof(7^///^?/, and£tt>;vtw^^w the fonne of Thucks, and 
ioyned with them, ,- and pitching their Campe, fpent the B 
day in wafting the Territory of lanagrai and lay there the 
night following. 

The next day they defeated in Battell, fuch of the 
Tanagrians as came out againll them, and alfo certaine 
fuccours lent them from Thabes i and. when they had taken 
vpthe Armes of thofe that were Ilaine, and ered:eda 
Trophic, they returned back^, the one part to Jitbens^tht 
other to their Fleet. And N/a^ with his 60. Gallies, 
hauing firft failed along the Coaft oiLocrJ, and wafted it, 
came home likewife. C 

About i the Tame time, the ^elopomefians credled 
the Colonie o^ Heradea in Tracbinia, with this intenti- 
on ; The * Melians in the whole contain e thefe three 
parts: 'T'araliat^siHierans, znd Trachimans. Of thefe the 
Tr<jc/;/wrf«j being afflicted with Warre from the Oeteans 
their borderers, thought at firft to haue ioyned themfclues 
to tliQ^'ithenians; but fearing that they would not bee 
faithfull vnto them, they fent to Laced.€mon -, choofmg for 
their Ambaffadourr/j<iwf^7«5. And theDom«^, who arc 
the Mother Nation to the l4<:tf^''ew(?/2Mwj-, fent their Am- D 
bafladours likewife with him, with the lame requcfts. 
For they alfo were infelled with Warre from the fame 

Vpon audience of thefe AmbafTadours, the Lacedx- 
monims Concluded to fend out a Colonie, both intending 
the reparation of the iniuries done to the Trachmians 
and to the Doreans; and concciuing withall, that the 
Towne would ftand very commodioufly , for their 
Warre with the Jtbenians; inafmuch as they might 
thereby haue a Nauic ready, where the paflage was E 
but fliort, againft Edcea-, and it would much further 


Lib, 3. T^heHi/iorjo/ T^ hV CYDiDEs, 


A their conuo)>'ance of Souldiers into Thrace. And they 
had their mindc wholly bent to the building of the 

Firll: therefore they asked counfell of the Oracle irl Del- 
phi i and the Oracle hauing bidden them doe it, they 
lent Inhabitants thither, both of their ovvne people, and 
of the neighbours about them, and gaue leaucaiib to any 
that would, to goe thither, out of the reit of Cjreecej 
faueonelytothe lonms^ ^cbaians, and fome few other 

B The Conductors of the Colonic were three L^cec^^emoni- 
ans^ Leon, ^Icidas i ^nd Damagon : who taking in it hand^ 
built the Citie which is now called Herad.a^ from the 
very Foundation ; being diflant from Thermopflc- fortie 
Furiorlgs, and from the Sea twenty. Alfo they made 
houfes for Gallies to \yt vndcr, beginning clofe to rbcrmo- 
pyk, againlt the very (treight, to the end to haiic them the 
more defenfible. 

The j^f/;^«/V?wjj when this Citie was peopled, were at 
firll afraid, and thought it to bee kt vp efpecially againll: 

C fw/'a^ 5 becaufe from thence to /fVwfZfw, a Promontory Of 
Euboe.iy the pailage is but fhort. But it fell out afterwards 
otherwife then they imagined 5 for they had no great 
harmcbyit. Therealon whereof was this; That the 
The'Jalians who had the Townes of thofe parts in their 
power, and vpon whofe ground it was built> afflicted 
thefe new planters with a continuall Warre, till they had 
worne them out, though they were many indeed in the 
beginning, (for being the foundation of the Lacedemonians, 
euery one went thither boldly, concciuing the Citie to bee 

D an allured oncj and chiefly the Gouernours themfelues, 
fent thither from Lnced.tmon, vndid the bufinefle, and dii- 
peopled the City by frighting moft men away, for that 
they gouerned feuerely, andfometimcs alfo vniuRly, by 
which meanes their neighbours more eafily preuailed a- 

The fame Summer, and about the lame time that 
the Athenians flayed in ^Mehs , thofe oth^r Atheni- 
ans that were in the thirtie Gallics about 'Teloponne- 
fm, flew firft certains Garrifon Souldiers in EUomcnm, 

E a place of Lemadia, by Ambulhment. But afterwards 

with a greater Fleet, and with the whole power of the 

C c L Acarna- 

The rhej!al!am infeft the 
' new Cicicwith continu- 
I all Wane, for fcare they 

"lould be too great. 

The feuerity of the Luce- 

dxmoniam goueriinient 

liifpeopled the Citie of 

Heraclea, and frighted 

men from it. 

The Laceittrfi/iitinKi a!- , 

waycs (euerCjnot aiwaics 


Dcmojlbsna warrcth on 



The Hiftotj 0/ T H V c Y D I D E s. Lib. 5 , 

Dtmnflbenti inuadeth JE- 
toUa at the pcrfwa/ion of 
the Mejfcmamt 

The ambition of D«w»- 
(iimitiAhr chicfecaufco 

hik vntoi tunatc tater- 

1 JiJtiiA. 


.Accirannians (who followed the Army, all (but the Oma- A 
dtfs) that could beare Ariues) and with tiie Zacyntbiansy 
zwACethaloniAns, and fifteene Gallics of the Corc^rctMs, 
made Warreagainll the City it felfe of Leucas. The Leu- 
cttdiws. though they faw their Territorie wailed by 
them, both without the Iflhmus, and within, (where the 
CitieofL^;<c^j'llandeth, and the Temple ot^ ^Ipolh) yet 
they durll not ilirre, becaufe the number of the Enemie 
was fo great. And the AcamanUns entreated Demoflhenes 
the /4.Vji'«M« Generall to Wall them vp, conceauing that 
they might ealily be expugned by a Siege, and defiriijg to B 
be rid of a Citie their contmuall Enemy. But Dcmojlhe- 
ne'swas perfwadcd at the fame time by the Mcffenians ,t\\zt 
feeing fo great an Armic was together, it would bee ho- 
nourable for him to inuadc the Italians , principally, as 
being Enemies to Nauia5liu ; and that if thcfe were fub- 
dued, the reft of the Contineat thereabouts would eaCily 
bee added to the Athenian dominion. Eor they alledged, 
that though the Nation of the JEtoUans were great and 
Warlike, yet their habitation was in Villages vnwalled, 
and thofe at great ditlanccs ; and were but light-armed, 
and might therefore with no great difficulty bee all fub- 
dued, before they could vnite themfelues for defence. 
And they aduilcd him to take in hand firft the Apodotians, 
next, the Ophionians, and after them the EurytMtans, which 
are the greated part ol^tolia, of a moft Itrange language, 
and that are reported to eate raw flefh ; for thefe beeing 
fubdued, the red would eafily follow. 

But hce, induced by the Mepnims, \whom. he fauoured, 
but eipecially becaufe hec thought, without the Forces of 
t\\QTto'^le of- Athens, with the Confederates oncly of the p 
Continent, and with the ^nolians, to inuade Bceotia by 
Land, going fird through the Locri ():?ioU, and lb to Cyti- 
mum of Doni,hiu\wy T.ernaffm on the right hand,till the de- 
fcent thereof into the Territory of the phocdans, (which 
people, for the friendfhip they euer bore to the ^Athenians, 
would, he thought, be willing to follow his Armie, and 
if not, might be forcedjand vpon the phocceans bordereth 
Baeotia. Putting offtherefore with his whole Armie, a- 
gainll the minds of the Acarnaniansy from Liuccu^ he failed 
vnto5a//tt«by theflioare, and there hauing communica- E 
ted his conceit with the Acamanians, when they would not 

■ approue 


l^he Hijlory o/Thvcydides. 

A approue of ic, beciufeofhis refiifall to befiege Leucas, he 
hiinlclre with the reit of his Armie, [^phaloniMs, Zacyn^ 
thians, and 3 00 • Athenians, the Souldicrs of his own Fleet, 
(^for the fifcecne Gallies of G/'cyr^ were now gone awayj 
viin^A on t\\t^'.olians:,\'\mm<yOeneon, a Citie of Locrts, 
fofthefeateofhis Warre. Now thcleLocrM«j called 0- 
i^oUy were Confederates of the Jihenians, and were to 
m^cte them with their whole power in the heart of the 
Countrey . For being Confiners on the ,£tolims, and vfing 
the lame maimer of arming, it was thought it would bee a 

B matter of great vtility in the Warre, to haue them in their 
Armie i for that they knew their manner of fight, and 
were acquainted with the Country .Hauing lyen the night 
withliis whole Armie in the*Temple of lupiter Nmeiw, 
Cwhercin the Poet He/iodw is reported by them that dwell 
thereabout to haue dyed, foretold by an Oracle, that hee 
fhould dyQ in Nemeajm the morning betimes he diflodgcd, 
and marched into /E^(7//^. 

The firil day hee tooke Potidania, the fecond day, Cro- 
cylntm, the third, Tkhium. There he flayed, and lertt the 

C booty hee had gotten, to Biipoli ten in Locn^ For he pur- 
poled, when heehadfubdued thereliytoinuade the Opbio- 
wM.'^i afterwards/ (if they fubmitted not) in his returne to 
NMpa^luf. '.''"' 

But the ,£tolians knew of this prepaiatlon when it was 
firilrefoluedon J and afterwards, when the Armie was 
entrcd, they were vnited into a mighty Armie to make 
head. Infomuch as that the furthell off of the Ophiomans, 
that reach out to the Melian Gulfe, the Bomians and CalUans 
came in with their aydes; ■ 

D The yiAeffifiims gaue the fame aduicc to Demoflhenes 
that they had done before ; and alleadging that the Con- 
qucft of the .^tolims would bee but eaiie, willed him to 
march with all fpeedagainft them, Village after Village, 
and not to (lay till they were all vnited, and in order of 
Battell againil him, out to attempt alwayes the place 
which was next to hand . Hee, perfwaded by them, and 
confident of his fortune, becaufe nothing had croiled him 
hitherto, without tarrying for the Locrians that fhould 
haue come in with their aides, (for his greateft want was 
E of Darters light-armed) marched to Mgitium, which ap- 
proaching, hee wonne by force, the men hauing fled fe- 
, cretiy 


*\-^!)V.rhe whole coxftcra- ii>c 'i 
pk jitod, KOI the Cl'urch onl). 
haue dyed in thisTcmpIc 
of Jupiter NemtMs. 




Ihc JEtiiliamyniiei- 
eainft theinualionof 




The Hiftery ^yTHVcyDiDES. Lib. 

Tl»e ^Mtitfw giuo Vem»- 
JlbtiUi a great ouerthrow. 

com* homtf 

crcdy ouc,and encamped chemidueson the Hilles aboue A 
it : for it (lood in a Mountainous place, and about eighty 
Furlongs from the Sea. But the Atolians/Jor by this time 
they were come with their Forces to /tgithim) charged 
the J//;^«/Vj»i and their Confederates, and running downe 
vpon them, fomeone way, fomc another, from the Hilles, 
plyed them with their Darts. And when the Armie of 
thc^thmans aflaultcd them, they retired; and when it 
retired, they aflaulted. So that the Fight for a good 
while, was nothing but alternate chafe and recreate; and 
the Athenians had the word in both. g 

Neuerthcleire, aslongastheir Archers had Arrowes, 
and were able to vfe them, (for the JEtolians^ by reafbn they 
were not armed, were put backe Rill with the fhot) they 
held out. But when vpon the death of their Captaine,the 
Archers were difperfed, and the reft were alfo wearied, 
hauing a long time continued the laid labour of purfuing 
and retyring, and the .^tolians continually affli(^ting them 
with their Darts, they were forced at length to fly ; and 
lighting into HoUowes without iflbe, and into places 
they were not acquainted withall, were deflroyed. For q 
ChromomMeJJenian, who Wis their Guide for the waycs, 
was flaine. And thQ ^^lians purfuing them flill with 
Darts, flew many of them quickly, whileftthey fled, be- 
ing fwift of foot, and without Armour. But the moft of 
them miising their way, and entring into a Wood, which 
had no paflagc through, the Italians fet it on fire, and 
burntit about them. 

All kinds offliifts to fly, and all kindes of defl:ru(5lion 
were that day in the Armie of the Athenian. Such as re- 
mained, with much adoe, got to the Sea, and to Oemon^ O 
a Citie of Locris, from whence they firll: kt forth. 

There dyed very many of the Confederates, and a hun- 
dred and twenty men of Armes of the Athenians ; that 
was their number, and all of them able men. Thefe men 
of the very bell dyed in this Warre .- Procles alfo was there 
flaine, one of the Generals. When they had recciued 
the bodies of their dead from the A^talians vnder truce, and 
were gotten againe to Ar<r/M/)dc7M^, they returned with the 
Fleet to Athens. But they left Demojlhenes about iSlaupaEiw, 
and thofe parts, becaufe hee was afraid of the Athenian E 
'Teophj for the lofle that had happened. 


Lib. 5. TheHiJloryofTnYctYHY^E^, 


-A About the fame time, the Athenians that were on the 
CoallofS/c/Vy, layledvnto Locri^, and landing, oucrcam» 
fuch as madehead J and tookc in Peripolim.ickuitc on the 
B<.iuer Halex. - r: ''..>'•"" t^' . • 

Tht kmc Summer ^zht ^tolians hauing fent their Am- 
badadours, Tekphus an Ophionian, Bo)yddes, an Eurytanian, 
And.Ti(ander^^^Apor'oHa>i^ to Corinth and Lac.d^mon, per- 
fvvaded them to fend an Arnwe againftw^^^/'cjf^m, for that 
it harboured the Athenians 2g^m^ them. And the L^c^?- 
^^wo«/d»x,toward5thecndof Autumric, fent them three 

B thoufand men of Armcs, of their Confederates ; of which 
fiue hundred were of Heradea.tho. new-built Citie of TrA 
chinia.-Thd Generall of the Armi'c was £/^r;7oc-/,itt/ a 
SiKVtan, with whom * Majjariw znd Me^edatw went alio a- 
long,.<J/>£^rf.?«ilikewife. • * '• •' • <-■ ■ 

When the Armie was- affembled • at Vdphi^ Vjtrylocw 
font a Herald to the Locrians of Oz^oU, both becaufc their 
w.iy' lay througji them to Naupa6lm, and alfb becaufe hee 
defired to make them reuolt from the ^thinians. Of all 
the Locrinns, the Amphibians cooperated with him moll, 

Q as ftanding moll; in fearc for the enmitie of tht Phocaas. 
And they firll giuing Hoftages, induced others, (^who 
likewifc were afraid of thecomming in'ofthe ArmieJ to 
doe the like : ihtMyonians firft, becing their neighbours, 
(for this way hLocrii of mod difficult aeceile} then the 
Jpi7<eans, Meffapians, Tritaans, Challceans, Tolophonir.ns.Hepans^ 
and the Osantheans. All thcfe went with them to the 
Warre. The Olp^ans gaue them Hollages, but followed 
not the Armie. But the H'fedns would giue them no Ho- 
ilages, till they had taken a Village of theirs called 

D Poll!' 

When euery thing was ready, and hee had fent the Ho- 
ftages away to Cytinium in Dow, hee marched with his 
Armie towards Nau^a^us, through the Territorie of the 
Locrians. And as hee march ed,hee tooke O.neonj a Towne 
of theirs, and £M/)o/<'aw, becaufe they refufcd to yeeld vnto 

When they were come into the Territory o^NaupaSlm, 

the jE'oliar.s being there already to ioyne with them, they 

wafted the Fields about, and tooke the Suburbcs of the 

E Citie, being vnfortified. Then they went to Molychrium, 

a Colonie of the Comf/jwnj, butfubiedl to the People of 


rhe^/fc«mi7 Fleet in J- 
■y laylc to Locrhy and 
ikc L'triptlium, 

rhc jatrMaws and Pclopim- 
nifum make a iourncy 

• Theft are aflmvards culled 
Macariuscif' Menedaius^' 


T^he Hijloty o/" T H V c Y D I D E s. Lib. 5. 

Demejlbtga relicucch Nm- 

The cndofthcGxt 


The Alhemam is Sicily 

' ticffr/tther Ineffa.Tfe* 
ln''ii}>jtanlshectUctl) Inef- 

VtUi hallovred. 

^Ather.s, and cooke that. Now Demoflk>mci : die ^dhjan, A; 
( for euer fincc the jEwlian bufineilq, he abode abouc Nau- 
/?«f^lH< jhauing been prceaduerciM Qf this Army , and b&'ng j 
afraid co lol'e the Cicie,went amongil the AcAnian'myiSind \ 
vvirh much adoe , beeaufe of. his departure fiom before \ 
Leuciit, perfvvaded them to reheiie Ninf(t&ui,ziix\ they fenc : 
along with him in his GaUies 1000 men of Amies ^ 
which entring were the preJferiiation of the Gty^ for there 
was danger, the walks bcjingof a great C9inpaile, and the 
defendants few,that elle they ihould not' hauc been able to 
make thcm»good. Eur.ylocb'w\ and thole that were with B i 
him, when they perceyued that tliofe forces were entred, 
and that it was impofsible to take the Gitic by aflault,de- 
parted thence, not mtoTehpomefut.hut to ^o/f;<,nowcai. 
led Calydon , and to pleuron, and other places thereabouts, 
and alfo to ^Pro/cib/c?« in JEtolia-^ ^^or the Mhracious com- 
mingto them , perfvvaded them to vndertake, together 
with them felues, the enterprizcagainft ^rgos.and the red 
of Ampbilocbiay and Jcarnania, laying withall , that if they 
could ouercomethefe,thcrcll of that Continent would en- 
ter into the league o^ the. Lacedemonians. Whercunto Eu- ^1 
rylochw allented, and difmifsing the JEtelians , lay quiet in 
thofc parts with his Armie, till fuch timc,as the ^4mbra- 
ciotes being come with their forces before Argos^ he Ihould 
haue need to aid them. And ki this Summer ended. 

The ^;/;^«/4«i that were in Sicily, in the beginning of 
Winter ,together with the Grw'<<«J of their league, and as 
many of the *Slculi , as hauing obeyed the Syracufians by 
forcCjOr being their Confederates before^had now reuolted, 
warred ioyntly againll * l<fej]a,z town of 5/«7>',the Citadel! 
whereof, was in the hands of the Syracufians ; and they af- tn 
faulted the fame; but when they could not winnc it, they 
retyred. In the retreac,the Syracufiam that were iii the Cit- 
tadell,faUied out vpon the Confederates, that retired later 
then the Athenians . and charging.put a part of the Army 
to flight,and killed,not a few. 

After this, Ldf/jfj, and the At hcnims, Landed fometime 
at Locrii 5 and oucrcame in battell, by the Riuer C.akinus, 
about 3 CO Locrians, who with Proxemu the fonne of Capt- 
ton.camc out to make refillancc ; and when they had (trip- ■ 
ped them of their Armcs,departed. E 

The fame Winter alfo, the Athenians hallowed the He ' 


Lib, 5. l^hc Htjlory "of T' h v c y d 1 d e s. 




A of Ddosy by the admonicion indeed of a cerraine Oracle. 
For pifjfirauis 2\ib the Tyrant, hallowed the Tiine before, 
no: all, but onely fo much as was within the pro fpcct of 
the Temple. But now they hallowed it all ouer in this 
manner. They tooke away all Sepulchers whatfoeuer, 
of luchas had dyed there before ; and for the future, 
made an Edid:, that none fhould bee lijffcrcd to dye, nor 
any Woman to bring forth child in the Hand . but when ^^'^^^"^i^'^'^o.ios 
they werencere the time, cither of the one or the other, 
they fhould bee carried ouer into Rhcnea. 

This Rhsncd is fo little a way dillant from Ddos, 
that 'Tolycrates the Tyrant of Samos, who was once 
of great power by Sea, and had the dominion of the other 
Hands, when hec wonne Rbenca, dedicated the fame: 
to Apollo of DeloSj tying it vnto Dihs with a Chaine. 
And now after the hallowing of it , the ^th^nims 
inllituted the keeping, euery fifth yeere, of the Ddkn 

There had alfo in old time been e great concourfe in 
Ddos, both o'[ lonims, and of the Ilanders round about. 

C For they then came to fee the Games, with tlieir 
Wiues and Children as the lonians doc now the Games 
at Epheju'. 

There were likewife Matches fet of bodily exer- 
clfe, and of Muficke; and the Citties did feucrally fet 
forth Dances. Wnich things to hauebeene fo, is prin- 
cipally declared by Ho/«^r, in thefe Verfes of his H)mnc 
to Apollo > 

JX'w wjih a ch.iine, and 
dc Jicatcd to A<^oiiO of 

th; (^uinquemailCiamcs 
at D:h'i. 

!But thou, Apollo, takefl moft delight 
D J/zDjIos. Tl^ere afftmbleinthy fioht. 

The lon^-coate Tons with their Qhtldnn deare, 
^And -venerable Bedfellowes ; and there. 
In Matches fet, o/'Buffets, Song, atid Dance, 
BothJJ?e'^ theepajiimej and thy "blame advance. 

That there were alio Matches of Mufique, and that 
men reforted thitherto contend therein, hee againe ma- 
ivcth manifed in thefe Verfes of the fame Hymne. For 
after hec hath fpokenof thcVelian Dance of tlic Wo- 
E men, hee endeth their praife with thefe Verfes, wherin 
alfo he maketh mention of hlmfelfe. 

Dd But 

Horn. Hym. ad /ifsS^ted 



The Hijlnrj of T HVCYD 1 DBS. Lib.^, 

The Ambtu'ii'.ti and Teh- 
p(Ofnfj;j?iJmakeWarre a 
gaitiH the Acarnanians 
and ArhfbiloAum vnfor- 

They take 0/;<, 

The Ac:nrmt[m maVc Dc- 
moflljenu tbcic General], 

The /<«iw«fl/«at 0/;«, 
lend to the Ambrjcioia i 
homcjtocoinc to their 

Suf^ell: ktVhcehus and Dhnahee 
nropkioHS J aridfcn'e^1?clljiOH each one ^ 
'But yet remember me "H^hen I am gone : 
^hhiifof earthly mcnyouchancetofee 
Jyiytoyl'd 'Tilgrim^ that jhallaske you. Who, 
'Damjels^ is the man that lining here, 
Wasf^tet'st in Song, and that moU had your eare ? 
Then all, Tt?ith a ioynt murmur j thereunto 

Make anfwer thu4; y^A tnandc^riud of feeing. 

In th'lle ofSandie Chios is his beeing. 

So much hath Homer wkneflcd touching the great 



meeting, andfoiemnity celebrated of old, in the lie of 
Delos. And the Ilandcrs, and the Abcnians, fince that 
time, haue continued ilill to fend Dancers along with their 
Sacrificers, but the Games, and things of that liind were 
worne out, as is likely, by aduerfit) . Till now that the 
Athenians reftored the Games, and added the Horfe-race, 
which was not before. 

The fame Wintcr.the Ambraciotes, (according to their ^^ 
promiie made to Eury helms ) when they reteyned his 
Armie, made VVarre vpon Argos in Amphilochia, with 
three thoufand men of Armes, and inuading Argia, they 
tooke Olp^, a llr-ong Fort on a Hill by the Sea-iide, which 
tht Acirnanians had , fortified, and \'kd for the place of 
their common meetings, formatters of lullice, and is (Xi- 
llant from the Citie of Argos, which Hands alfo on the 
Sea-fidc, about twenty fiue furlongs. The Acarnanians 
with part of their Forces, came to relieue Arg&s, and 
with red they encamped in that part of Amj.hi- y) 
lochia which is called (Jren^, to watch the Pelopcnnefi- 
^M that were with £i<o'^oc/wi, that they might not pafle 
through to the Ambraci&ies without their knowledge , and 
fent to Dcmo(lhimSy whohad becne Leader of the Athenians 
in the expedition againll the jEtolians, to come to them, 
and bee their General 1. 

They lent alio to the twenty Athenian Gallies, that 
chanced to be thenontheCoart ofPi?/(7/J0M«(?/«.f, vudei;thc 
Condud:. of A'-i(loielcs,. the Xonne of Timocrates, and i- 
crophonX^t Ibnneof Antiwteftus- In like manner the Ambra- E 
\ciotcs that were at 0.^4, imi a meilenger to the Citie of 


Lib. 5. ^e hiJicryo/T HV CY DID ES. 

A ^mhracia, willing them to GQtne to their ayde vvith their 
whole power; as fearing th«ic thole with EurylochiD 
would not bcc able to patle by the Acamars, and lo thej 
fhould bee either froccd to fight alone, or elfe haucan vn 
fafeR.etreat. .!. , 

But the Pelopomejidns that were with Euryhchw, as 
foone as they vndcrllood that . the Ambraciotes were cotne 
to Olp'i, diflodging from Tro/cinon, went with all fpeede 
to afsiil: them. And pafsing ouer the Kiucr Acheloiu^ mar- 
ched through Aciirnanutf (which, by reafon of the aydes 

£ knt to Argos^ was now disfurniflied,) on their right hand 
they had the Citie of ^fr^ruf, and that Garrifon ; on the 
left, the reft of A^r«^«M. Hauingpafl the Territory of 
the S'Mitians^ they marched through n^hytia, and againc by 
tlic vtmoft limits o^Sl4edeon^ then through Lim*a.t, then 
they went into the Territory of the Agraay.s, which are 
out of ,yicaryiania, and their friends , and getting to the 
Hill Thiatmu, -which is a dcfart Hill,thcy marched ouer it, 
and came downe into Afgitj, when it was now night ; and 
pafsing betwccne the Citie of the Argiues, and the ^ca^nans 

Q that kept watch at the Wflles.cumQ vnfeene,and ioyned with 
ihc A nlraciotes iC Olf^. 

When they were all together, they fate downe about 
breakc of day, at a place called Maropolit ^znd thefe encara 
ped. And the Athenians not long a fter with their lo. Ga 1- 
lics,arriued in the ^mbracian Gulfe, to the aide of the 
Aniues. Towhom alfo came i>wc>/?/;^0(f5 with loo. Mef- 
fenian men of Armes, and ihTtkove Athenian Archers. 
The Gallies lay at Sea, before the Hill vpon which the 
Fort of 0//)^ ftandeth. But the ^carnMiam, and thofe 

D few A-nphilochians (for the greatcfl: part of them the Am- 
bracioies kept backe by force) that were come already to- 
gether at ^rgos, prepared themfelues to giue the Enemy 
Battell, and chofe Demoflhenes With their owne Comman- 
ders, for Generall of the whole League. Hee, when 
hee had brought them vp, neere vnto olp<£, there encam- 
ped. There wasbetweenc them a great Hollow ; and 
for fiue dayes together, they ilirred not ; but the fixth day 
both fides put themfelues into array for the Battell. 
The Armic of the Tehponnefians reached a great way 

E beyond the other, for indeed it was much greater ; but 

Demoflhenes , fearing to bee encompafled , placed an 

Ddt Ambufli 

Demojlbtnis chofen Ge 


The HiftQvy o/Thvcydides. Lib. ^. 

the Ambrmoui and Ac- 

The A^bractotti and 7cb- 


icfuns fly. 

* et'Md before Menedatui 
and AiSuMi. 

Aiiibuth in a cernaine hollow way, and fit for fuch a A 
purpofc, of armed and vnarmed Souldiers, in alJ to the 
number of 400. which in that part where the number 
jof the Enemies ouer-reached^fliould in the hcatc of the 
ibattell rife out of Ambufl-i, and charge them .on their 
backes. When the Battels were in order on either fide, 
they came to Blowes. Dmofthenes wkh tht JTifeff'gnianSy 
and thofe few Atbmans that were there. Hood in the right 
Wing J and the Mamanians' (qls they could one after an- 
other bee put in orderj and thofc ^npbilochian Darters 
which vvere prcfcnt, raad^ \'p the other. The Pdopon- B 
nefiam znd ^mbraciotes yveve ranged promircuoufly, ex- 
cept onely the M^wr/we^w, Who flood together, moft of 
them in the left Wing, but not in the vtmoii part of it, 
for Euryloehus and thofe that were with him, made the ex- 
tremity of the left Wing a^ini^ Dirtfojlhettes.znd the Mcf- 
fenians. ■ ■ '''"'■ 

When they were in fight, and that the 'Peloponnefians 
with that Wing ouer-reached, and had encircled the 
right Wing of their Enemies, zhok Jcarnanims that lay in 
Ambufh, comming in at their backes, charged them, and q 
put them to flight, in fuch fort as they endured not the 
firftbruntj and bsfides, caufcd the gfeateft part of the 
Armie through affright to runnc away. For when they 
faw that part of it defeated, which was with Eurylochm, 
which was the beft of their Armie, they were a great 
deale the moreaffraid. And the Meljenians that were in 
that part of the Armie with Demoflhenes, purfuing them, 
difpatchcd the greateft part of the execution. But the 
^Ambraciotes that were in the right Wing, on that part, 
had the Vi(!^oric, and chafed theEnemie vntothe Citie of £> 
^rgos j but in their Retreat, when they faw that the 
greateft part of the Armie was vanquifhed, the reft of the 
Zicarnanmm fctting vpon them, they had much adoe to re- 
couer 0lpj6 in fafety ; and many of them were flaine, 
whileftthey ranneintoit out of array, and in difordcr. 
Saue onely the Mamincans ; for thele made a more or- 
derly Retreat then any part of the Armie. And fo this 
Battell ended, hauing laded till the Euening. 

The next day, * Menedaim, {Eurylochw 3nd * J^acari- 
ui becing nowflaine) taking the Command vpon him, £ 
and not finding how, if hee ftaid, hce fhould bee able 


Lib, 5. The Htjlory of Thvcydides. 



A to luftaine a SkgQ, wherein hcc fhould both bee fhuc vp 
by La4id, and alfo with thole .4?^/^«:,' Gallies by Sea^ or 
if heefliould depart, how hee might doe it lafely, had 
fpeech with Demoflhenes^ and the Acarnian Captaines, both 
about a Truce for his departure, and for the receiuing 
of the bodies of the flaine.' And they deliuered vnto 
them their dead 5 and hauing credicd a Trophic, tooke vp 
their owne dead, which were about three hundred ; but 
for their departure they would make no Truce Openly, 
nor to ali .- but fecretly, Demofthenes,- With his Acarnanian 
fellow-Commanders, made a Truce with the Mantincans, 
and with M^f^i-^^/w/, andthereftof the Peloponnsfian Cap- 
taines, and men of moll worth, to bee gone as fpeedily as 
they could ; with purpolc to difguard the A>nbracioteSy 
andmultitudeof mercenary Strangers, andwithall tovfe! 
this as a mcanes to bring the Tdopomefians into hatred ' 
with d\f Grecians of thofe parts, as men that had treache- ^ 
rouily aduanced their particular interell. Accordingly 
they tooke vp their dead, and buryed them as fad as they 
could 5 and fuch as had leaue, confulted fecretly touching 

C how to bee gone. - 

Dmo-ihenes and the Acarnanians had now intelligence, 
that the Ambradotes from the Oxit of Ambrada, according 
to the meflage fcnt to them before from 0/];^,(which was, 
that they fhould bring their whole power through Am- 
p'.ilodjia to their ayde} were already on their March, fig. 
norant of what had palled here) to ioyne with thofe at 
o!p.c. And hereupon he fent a part of his Armie prefent- 
ly forth,tobelet the wayes with Ambufhment,and to pre- 
occupate all places of itrength,and prepared withall, to 

D encounter with the relt of his Armie. 

In the meane time, the Mantineans, and fuch as had 
part in the Truce, going out, on pretence to gather Pot- 
hearbs, and Fire-wood, dole away by fmall numbers, 
and as they went, did indeed gather fuch things as they 
pretended to goe forth for ; but when they were gotten 
farre from Olp^, they went fafter away. But the Ambrad- 
o'es, and others that came forth in the fame manner, but 
in greater troopes, feeing the others goe quite away, were 
eager to bee gone likewife, and ranne out-right, as defi- 

E ring to ouertake thole that were gone before. The Acar- 
m-uans at firH: thought they had gone all without Truce 


Dtmo^hevef. ruffcreth the 
retire from 0'p.c fccictly; 
to dilgard the ^in.bfU! 
c(«ot their ayd,and prr 
cure the PelopoimefiMi the 
hatrtd of the Nations 

Deiufthenes Cenieth part 
ofhii Armie to lyem 
Aoibufh by the wayes by 
winch the AfuLracutc fup. 
pUei were to come tiom 
the Citic. 

The Manilntam retire 
from 0/p.f, 

The Anbfat'wUi goe after 
them, and are flaine to 
the number of 200. 





Tke reft ercape to Salm- 
<fcM«,KiBg of the ^x**' 

Dem^jthtMs goeth out to 
meet the fupply oiAro- 
irsiisUi that came frona 
the Cine. 

in their iodgingt. 


alike,andpurfuedthc P ehponnefians , and threw darts at A 
their owne Captaines for forbidding them, and for faying 
that they went away vnder truce, as thinking themfelucs 
betra) ed. But at lall they let goe the Maminear.s , and ^e- 
loponncfms, and Hew the Ambrdciotes oncly . And there was 
much contention,and ignorance, of which was an ^mbra- 
ciote,2nd which zTchpomefiaft. So they flew about zoo 
of them, and the red efcaped into ^^m/, a bordering 
Territory ,where S^lynthiM King of the Agr^am , and their 
friend,receiued them. 

Thc^/w/r^^r/oi.^^jOUtofthc Citie of ^>«/»r4fW, were come B 
as farre as Idomtn;. Idomene arc two high hils,to the grea- 
ter whereof, came firflvndifcouered that night,they whom 
DemojJhsnes had fent afore from the Campe, and leazcd it. 
But the Ambraciotes got firft to the leller,and there encam- 
ped the fame night . 'Demofthenes after Supper, in the twi- 
light,marched forward with the reft of the Army , one 
halfe whereof himfelfc tooke with him, for the aiiault of 
the Campe,and the other halfe he fent about through the 
Mountaines of y.mphilochia . 

And thenej^t morning before day ,hc Inuaded the ^^rjbra- C 
dotes jWhildi they were yet in their lodgings,and knew not 
what was the matter, but thought rather, that they had 
been fome of their owne company. For Demojihenes hid 
placed the JMedenians on purpolc in the formofl rankes, 
and commanded them to fpeake vnto them as they went, 
in the Doriqus Dialedl,and to make the Sentinels kcurc ; 
Efpeciaily, feeing their faces could not be difcerned , for it 
was yet night. Wherefore they put the Army of the 
Ambraciotes to flight, at the firft onfet, gnd flew many vp- 
on the place. The reft fled as faft as they could towards 
the Mountaines. But thewayes being befct, and the Am- 
^/;/7o<:ij/4«i being well acquainted with their owne Terri- 
tory , and armed but lightly^againit men in Armour , vnac- 
quainted,andvtterly ignorant which way to take; thev 
light into hollow wayes,and to the places forelaycd with 
Ambuflies, and pcrilhed. And hauing been put to all 
manner of (hift for their liue5,fome fled towards the Sea, 
and when they favv the Gallies of ^//;^«j layling by the 
Shoarc , (this accident concurring with their defeate J 
Iwamme to them,and chofe rather in their prefent feare^to 
be killed of thofe in the Gallics , then by the Barbarians ^ 



Lib, ^. The Hijlory of T V.V CI -DWi ^%. 


A and their mod mortall enemies t\\Q Jmpli'Qchiars. T'hc 
Jmbraciotes vvidi this lofl'e, came home a few of many in 
fafity to their Citie. And the Acam^niani hailing taken 
theipo) ieof the dead,and ereiTted their Trophies , retur- 
ned vnto-^r^oj. 

Tlie next day there came a Herald from thofe .Ambra- 
ciotcs which fled from Olp^e^lmo Agroth ; to demand leaue 
to carry away the bodies of thofe dead, which were iliine 
after the fird battell, when,without Truce, they went a 
way together with the M4^;?/>j^<i«>\and with thofe that had 

B Truce. But when the Herald fawthe Armors of thofe 
^imbraciotts.thzt came from the City, he wondred at the 
number. For he knew nothing of this la(l blow , but 
thought they had been the Armors of thofe with them. 
Thtiione asked hmi, what hee yoondrcd at, and ho^ many bee 
thought ypcre (Idine. For he that asked him the quellion 
thought, on the other fide, that he had been a Herald, lent 
from thofe at Idon.eie. And lie 2Lni!w tztd, about xoo.Then he 
that askcd,replycd,and laid. Then thefe are not the armours of 
thcnhbiit of abous a thoufarid. 77!;-?«,laid heagaine, they bdon 

C not to them that were in the batted Tvith ^s. The other an- 
{weiedyjes Jf you fought yefierdaj^ /^Idomene. But we fought 
ttjtjefierday at ad^but the other day in our rcfeate. But we yet 
jought yefterday with f^o/^e Ambraciotes that c.ime from the Ci- 
tieto ayde the refi. When the Herald heard that,and knew 
that the ayde from the Citie was defeated,he burif out in- 
to Abn;es ,and allonifhcd with the greatncHe of the prcfent 
lolle,forthwith went his way,without his errand , and re 
quired the dead bodies no further. F or this loile was grea 
tcr then in the like number of dayes happened to any one 

D Citieof (/r^^c^, inall this Warre. Ihauenot written the 
number of the flaine,becaufe [t was faid to be fuch, as is in- 
credible, for the quantity of the City. But this I know, 
that if the Acarnan. d'ji, and AMphilochiMisas Dcmofth.-nes^ 2nd 
the .4^/?.mi«i would haue had them, would haue fubdued 
Ambracia, they might haue done iteuen with the lllout of 
their vo)ces;but they feared now,that i^tht Athenian s^o-i- 
fetfed it, they would prouemore troublefome Neighbors 
vnto them then the other. ' • 

After this,hauing bellowed the third part of the fpo-y^s- 
E vpon the Jthenians, they diflributed the other two parts' 
according to the Cities. The ^ithcniam part was loli-by 

i Sea. 

The conference of the 
Hciald from the A-r bra- 
ce ics in /fgr<et<,wi»h ous 
of DctfuifiiKnc hii Airoy, 
bout the number of the 

The Acimumam will not 
let the AthcBum lubduc 
the /iir.braaoies vttcrly, 
bcca-ufe they thought 
ihc A>f:hrjciotts better 
neighoours I^jcn the A- 


The Hi/lory of li HV CY DID E s. Lib. 

League for looyeeres 
betwccne the AmbrMi- 
elti and Aurnams.ti. 

The Alhemm Fleet in Sj- 
ci/v,in uade Hlmcnci. 

Pyiheilortfi fcnt to take 
the Fleet frooittfc to. 

o'ej. i' or chok 500 compleat Armors which are dedica- A 
ted in the Temples in ^/;/;rt were pickd out for D,n.o%e- 
>7fjhimlclfe,and he brought them away with him. His 
returns was withall the iafer for this adlion , after his de- 
feate in Aiio'.i.i. s\nd the Athenians that were in the twen- 
ty- Gal lies returned to Naupafiu^. 

The ^■icarnanlvis, and ^mphilochians, when the Athenians , 
and Demol^henes were gone, granted Truce at the Gtie of 
the Oeniddes to tliofe Ambrnciotcs and Pclotome/ians that 
were fled to the A^ retyre,the Ocniadis 
being gone ouer to Salynthmfind the A^rxMts like wife .And B 
for x.hzkituve^theAcarnanians.ik. An/philochia>.s made a league 
with the .^i'»;^Mf;Vc'i for an hundred yeeres , vpon thefe 
conditions, jh.n neither the Ambrddotes ^ wnh the Acar- 
mmmsjhjuld make Wnrre a-^ainfi: the Peioponnefians , nor 
//;^ Acarnanians wiih the Ambraciotes, ngninj ihe Atheni- 
ans. That thev fljo'tld giue mutiidl nyde to oie anothers f^om- 
trey. That the Ambraciotes floould re ft ore , ychatjoensr Toivnes 
or bordering fields they held of the Amphilochians, ; and that 
they fJjould at no time ayde AiuOionum, which mis in hoftility 
isi»/r/; rk' Acarnanians . And vpon this compofition , the r 
Warrc ended. After this, the Corinthians fcnt a Garrifon 
of about 300 menof Armes of theirownc Citic to J,-n!;ra- 
cia, \nder the Conduct of Xenodides the (onne of Euthydes ; 
who with much difficulty pafsing through Epirw, at 
length arriucd. Thus palled the bufineiiein/^/«/;;v?f/4. 

The fame Winter the Athenians that were in Sicih,\ inua- 
ded Himer^n by Sea, ayded by the * Sicilians that inuaded 
the skirts of the fame by Land. They lay led alio to the 
Hands o'tAio'w. Returning afterwards to Rhegitm , they £> 
iouudthe^iC^ythodorn'.the lonne of Jiolccbm , with certaine 
GallieSjCome to receiue charge of the Fleet commanded 
by Laches. For the Stciiian Confederates had fcnt to 
Athens, TLwd perfwaded the people, to afsifl them with a 
greater Fleet. For though the 5);r^r///7rfw.* were mailers 
by Land, ) et feeing they hindrcd them , but with few 
Galliesfrom thehberty oftheSca,thcy made preparati- 
on, and were gathering together a Fleet , with intention 
CO refill them. And the Athenians furniflicd out forty 
Gallics to fend into S'ctly, conceiuing that the Warre £ , 
there would the looncr be at an end, and defiring withall I: 


Lib.^. TheHiftcryofTnwc\uiDES. 

A CO train? their mrn in nauall exercife. Therefore 9fthodo-\ 

rus^onzoizh^ Commanders, they /hit prefcncly awdv 

wich a few of thole Gdllies, and intended to lend S.ipbo- 

chs the fonne o'tSollratidsi.^LnA Enrymrdon the Tonne of 'r^^- 

cLs, with thegreateH: number afterwards. But Tythonorus 

hailing now the Command of Lr»i:y5?6'j his Fleet, fay led in 

the end of Winter, vnto a certaine Garrilbn of the Locrians , 

which Laches had formerly taken, and ouerthrownc in a 

Battcll thereby the Locrians, retired. 

The fame Spring, there idued a great * (Ireame of Fire 

B outofthcMountaine-^/«rf, asithadalfo done in former 

times, and burned part of the Territory of the f^ataneans, 

that dwell at the Foot of u£tna, which is the highelt 

Mountaine oizliSicily. From the lad time that the fire 

brake out before, to this time, it is faid to bee fifty yeeres. 

And it hath now broken out thrice in all, fince sici/y was 

inhabited by the Grecians, Thefe were the things that 

came to paflc this Winter. And Co ended the 

fixth yeerc of this War, written by 

Thv c yd ides. 


The fire breakcrfi out of 

and,E/*j, burnctbthc 

Fields of Catani, 

' A'a? 'S 7rv'f©-,<tfiretwic 

tffire ; aiid»M a {md of 

mckedfiont, iufkfi out of 


nsT SfIXto3i£qb! 

-t'it;! lb] 

\'A 5ri3 ;iih anih iUl orii moi'^I .^'ih\Z Iklio 5nU3m:u.i,. 

sjiw( •(3'^ft ssdoii^Jti shitOrniT ^ifi103t^'ldiofI juosjlwd 

' <:fcw ^V\v,Y. soml Jit ni ^3hri3 ouo loioid won [bad ii briA 

I 3wli 2;jrii«h 3fii ^I'v/ 3l3dT .vss,h^iO 9xh '^d bujidEffni 

-:ili l;;ln'5ol bfiA. .leiniW .^ida slkq oti anu.'^ 

•^dfio^^hv/ ,isW zidilo sis'j'^ djxii 

• Y ') Y H T 

aH i 

'; .') 





The principall Contents. 

:"he Athenians take and for tifie P)lus in Lacoiiia. jhe Lace- 
d.xmoniaiis, to rccouerit, [mt ouer 400 . of their beji men mto the 
Hand Sphadreria .• tinhorn the Athenians ^ hauin^ ouercome 
f/;e Lacedi^monian Fleet, doe there heftege. ihe Athenians 
and Syiaculians {i<'htin the Streight 0/ Mdlana. Cleon en- 
^aveth himfdfe raJlAy to take or kill the Laced.xmGnians in 
Siphd.ttind.Ti?ithin 10. daycs^andhy ^ood fortune per formeth it. 
The Sedition ceafeth in Corcyra. Nicias inVadeih' Peloponnc - 
fui. Tloe S'xciWm^a^-eciug^takefrom r/;e Athenians their pre- 
tence offaylmg Vpon that Qoafl li>tth their Fleet. The Athenians 
take Nifea, but fade o/'Megara. The onerthrow of the Athe- 
nians at Delium. Tl^e Qties on the Qonjims o/'Tiirace, nj^on 
the camming o/Brafidas, r^vo/f to the Laced.rinonians. Truce 
for ayeere. And this in three yeeres more of the fame Warre. 

H E Spring following, when Corne 
beganneto bee in the care, tcnnejYE 
j Gal lies oiSyracufa, and as many of 
Locrii, went to Meljena in Sicih\ cal- 
led in by the Citizens themfelues, 
and tookeit -, and Meffa a reuolted 
from the Athenians • Th ; s was done 
by thz pra(5tice chiefly of the Syra- 

^ , cufians, thit faw the place to bee 

commodious for inuafion of Sicily ^ and feared led the Athe- 
E nians forac time or other hereafter, making it the ieatc of 

E e z their 

The Seventh 

E R B . 


MeJJarid rcuoltcth from 



"TheHiJlorjofTnvcjTiiD es. 



The fifth inuafion of 


The X»';«wnJ fend foity 
Callict into S/ci//. 

way at Cor.jrid, being ftiU 

laweshoLiiigthe Field, 
and the Commons, the 


I their Warrc, might come with greater forces into Skilly A 
' and inuadcthem from thence ; but partly alfo of the Lo- 
^ cm^!S,Zi being m hotUhty with the libegiaHS, ik dcfirous to 
make Warrc \ pon them on both fides. The Locrims had 
now alfo cutred theLandsof the Rhepmswkh their whole 
power ; both becaufe they would hinder them from alsi- 
iling the M^Tcniam and becaufe they were lollicited thcre- 
vntoby the baniflied men of Rh giiim^ that were with 
them. Fortheyof/?/;d'^//<whad beene long in Sedition, 
and were vnable for the prefent to giue them Battel], for 
which caufe, they the rather alio now inuadcd them. B 
And after they had waded the (Jountrey, the Locriam 
withdrew their Land-forces, but their Gallics hy Rill at 
the guard of Melfaia, and more were fcrting forth, to lye 
in the lame Harbour, to make the Warre on that fide. 

About the fame time of the Spring, and before Corne 
was at full growth, the ^<?/(7/)a««(y?^»j and their Confede- 
rates, vnderthe Condud: of J^^z^the fonne of ^Archidanm, 
Yim2,oi xht Lnced^monians, inuadcd c/^mV^, and there lay 
and walled the Countrey about. 

And the Atb'nians fenrfortie Gallies into 5^W/v,the lame C 
which they had prouided before for that purpofe, and 
with them the other two Generals, Eurymedon & i:ophochs. 
For Tjtbodorui, who was the third in that Commifsion, 
was arriued in Sicily before. To thefe they gaue com- 
mandment alfo, to take order as they went by, for the 
flate of thofe C.orcweans that were in the Citie, and were 
pillaged by the Outlawes in the Mountaine : and three- 
fcore Gallies of the fe.oponn.ifiam were gon^ out to take 
part with thofe in the Mountains 5 who, becaufe there 
was a great Famine in the Citie, thought they might eafi- E) 
ly be mailers of that State. To D^mojlhenes alfo (who e- 
uer finc^ his returneoutof Asarfmnia had liued priuately) 
they gaue authority, at his ownerequell, to make vfc of 
the fame Gallies, if hce thought good k) to doe, about 

As they fayledby thcCoafl; of Laconia^und had intelli- 
gence that the Pdoponnefian Fleet was at Corcyra already, 
Eur^msdon znd Sophocles haded to [\rcyra ; but Dcmoflbencs 
willed them to put in fird at Pv/m, and when they had 
done what was rcquifite there then to proceed in their E 
Voyage. Butwhiledtheydenyed to doe it, the Fleet 


Lib.^. TheHifloryofTuwc^niDKs* 

A was dnum'mtQ pylus by a Tempcfl that thjii arofe b» 
chance. And prefently Dc?w(?/?/;„7;6-j required duni to fo,'' 
tifie the place, alledging that hee cam: with th^in ^oi- w 
other purpole, and (hewing how there was great llorv.- o: 
Timber and Scone, and chat th: place it I'd fe was nacural- 
Jyllrong, and defarc, both it, and a great deale of the 
Oountrey about. For it lyeth from '/> inn about \ oo . Fur- 
longs, in the Territory that belonging once to the :MeTc:- 
niaas, is called by che la:ed^monians, (^orvpha/ton. But they 
anfwered him, that there were many deiart Promontories 

B in Td9p3nne(itt, if they were minded to put the (j'tie 
to charges in taking them in. But there appeared 
vnto Dr-moflbcnes a great difference betweene this place 
and other places ; becaufe there was heere a Hauen 
and the J^'ftf/JIwrtrtj, the ancient Inhabitants thereof, fpca' 
king the fame language the Lacedemonians did, would both 
be able to annoy them much by excurfions thence, and be 
alfo faithfull Guardians of the place. 

When hee could not preuaile, neither with the Gene- 
rals, nor with the Souldiers, hauingalfoat lail communi- 

Q catedtheiametotheCaptainesof Companies, hee gaue 
itou:r, till at lail, the weather not feruing to bee gone, 
there came vpon the Souldiers lying idle, a delire, occzti 
on:d by dill jncicn, to Wall in the place of their owne ac- 
cord. And falling in hand with the v/orke, they perfor- 
med it, not withyron tooles to hew Ron", but picked out 
fuch Rones as they thought good, and afterwards plac "d 
them as they would feu era I ly fit. And f»rMorter, where 
it needed, for want of Veilels, they carried it on thejr 
backes, with their bodies cnclimng forward, foas it might 

D beR lye, and their hands clapfed behinde, to Viiy it from 
falling 5 making all pofsible haReto preuent the Lac-d^- 
moninns, and to finilh the moR aflaileable parts, before 
they came to fuccour it. For the greateR part of the 
place was Rrong by nature, and needed no fortifying at 

The Lacedemonians were that day celebrating a certa'ne 
Holiday, and when they heard the nevves, did let light- 
ly by it 5 conceiuing, that whenfoeuer it fliould pleafe 
them to goc thither, they fhould findc them either alrea^ 
dy gone or eafily take the place by force. Somewhat al- 
fo they were retarded, by reafon that their Armie was 


2 I 

ihc rlrctdii;'! 
flM by. weather. 

rbe commodity oiVf.M, 

The /i'hmim build ths 

The LareJifnfi'i'ifUn 
home tcgavd th en 
of/-'_;.Ai but light/. 


The Hiftnty o/T hvctdidbs. Lib.4. 

The UceiemonUni srmy, 

The Atbn'ian tjkf tm 
in Thr/ici, and lofe it 

The Lactimst'tum by Sc» 
andLan^jfeckc corcco- 
uer I'jluu, 


DMr«/IbM«fendsto call 
backeihcflcstc tohclpe 

in AtticA. The Athenianshmmo^'m fixe dayes finifhed the A 
Wall to the Land, and in the places where was moft 
need, left 2)^»i(7/?/;^«tfi with fiueGallies to defend it, and 
with the reft, hallend on in their courfe f6r Qorcyrci, and 

The Peloponneftms that were in Attica , when they 
were aducrtifcd of the taking of ay wr, returned fpeediiy 
home. For the Lacedemonians, and ,yigis their King, tooke 
this accident of P>7m^ to concerne their owne particular. 
And the inuafion was withall fo early, (Corne being }et 
greene) that the moll of them were fcanted with vidtuallj B 
the Armie was alfo much troubled with the weather, 
which was colder then for the leaibn 5 lo as for many rca- 
fons it fell out, that they returned looner now, then at o- 
thcr times they had done -, and this inualion was the 
fhorted 5 for they continued in ^tuca, in all but fifteenc 

About the fame time Smonides an Athenian Comman- 
der, hauing drawnc a few Athenians together out of the 
Garrilons, and a number of the Confederates of thofe 
parts, tooke the Citie of f/ow in T^jrace, a Colonie of the ^ 
M^«^^4«5, that was their Enemie, by Treafon^ but was 
prefently againe driuen out by the Chakideans and Botti- 
^ansy that came to fuccour it, and loll: many of his Soul- 

When the Tdopomeftans wcrereturned out of Attica,t^ty 
of the Citie oi Sparta, and of other the next neighbouring 
Townes, went prefently to the ayde of "Pj/m 5 but the relt 
of the Laceddwemans came flowlier on, as beeing newly 
come from the former Expedition. Neuerthclelfe they 
fent about, to the Cities of Tehpomefw, to require their j^ 
afsillance with all fpeed at pylta -, and alfo to their three- 
fcorc Gallies that were at Corcyra. Which, tranfported 
ouerthc ifthmMoi LeiicAs, arriued at Py/fw,vnfeeneof the 
Athenian Gallies lying at ZacytAhm: And by this time their 
Armie of foot was alfo there. Whilefl the ^doponnefian 
Gallies were comming toward pylus, Demofihenes fent two 
Gallics fecretly to Euiymedon and the .yitheniau Eleet at 
Zacynthns,m hall hafte, to tell them, that they mull come 
prefently to him, for as much as the place was in danger 
to bee loll. And according as Demofthencs his meilage E 
imported, fo the Fleet made hafle. The Lacedemonians in 


qA' SJ^ne Carripegf th e --iaceae mom a n 3 

E^.De-mos-tlz^^tei tu ki^ forces orL 
me Snoa^^e.JT^.S^ne battell in the 

iViTtcfittJCt a ^ out t/i-e ^Icpnc^ . 


Lib. 3. Ihe HiJloryofY HY c^i>\^^Sj. 


A thciileane time prepared chemfelues to aflaulc the Fore 
both by Sea and Land ; hoping ealily to winnj it, becing 
a thJngbuilc in haile, and not many men within it. And 
b^rcaule they expec^ted the Gomming of the J;henian Fleet 
from Z-icwthus^ they had a purpoie, if they tooke not 
the Fort before, tobarrc vp the entries of the Harbour. 
For the Hand called Spba^sria, lying iuil before, and very 
n3erc to the place, miketh the Hauen fafe, and the entries 
llraight ■ one of them, ncereil to Pylus, and to the Athenian 
Fortification, admitting pailage for no more but two Gal- 

B lies in Front ; and theotlicr which lycth againll the other 
part of the Continent, for nocaboue eight or nine. The 
lland,by beeingdelart, wasall Wood, and vntrodden, in 
bigneflj about fifteenc Furlongs ouer. .Therefore they de- 
termined with their Gallies thicke feti, and with the 
Beake-heads outward, to ilopvp the entries of the Ha- 
uen. And becaule they feared the Hand-, lell th^ ^thcni- 
ais putting men into it, fhould make Warre vpon them 
from thence, they carried ouer mc» of Armes into 
the fame , and placed '■ others likewife along the 

Q flioare ot the Continent. For by^^this meanes.the .^- 
?j^«/V?ffi at their comming fhould finde, the Hand their 
Enemie, and 'no raeancs of landing in the Conti- 
nent. For the Coafl of Pyhs it felfe, without thefe two 
entries, being to the Sea harbourleile, would afford them 
no place from whence to fet forth to the ayde of their fel- 
lowcs. And they, in all probability, might by fiegCjWith- 
out battell by Sea, or other danger, winne the place, fee- 
ing there was no prouifion of Vic^ua 11 within it, and that 
the Enemie tooke it but on, fliort preparation. Hauing 

D thus refblued, they put ouer into the Hand their men of 
Armes, outof euery Band by Lot ^ fome alfo had becne 
fentou^r before by turnes; but they which went ouer 
now lall, and were left there, were 42.0, befides the H,'/{?- 
f(^i that were with them. And their Captaine was E^ita- 
(iiis the fonne of ^yliolohruf, 

Dsmofibmes, when he law the Lncedjimoniam bent to af- 
fault him, both from their Gallies, and with their Armie 
by Land, prepared alfo tod 'fend the place And when 
hec had drawnc vp his Gallies, all that were left him, vn 
E to the Land, hee placed them athwart the Fort, and ar- 
med chc Mariners that belonged to them, with Bucklers 
. ^:. though 

The Laccdtiimam pre- 
pare tlierwfclutstoal- 
la'.ik the tort. 

The fcituation of Cic lie 

The LacedtoMnum pat > 
ucr 4x0. men of Armes,i 
befides their ffruants,ir.- 
to (he lie Sphafitria,ouei 
againft T)lui. 

DemtftheHd preps'eth 
himlelfc to kccpc ihe 
LaiCcixB-cniar^ trcm lan- 
ding en the llscirc. 


j The Hijlory of TnycrDiVYS. Lib4. 

I though bad ones, and for the grcaceit part made oF Ofiers. A 
I tor they had no meanes in a deiart placctbproiiide them- 
klucsot'^rfHes. Thole they had, they tookc out of a 
Peiraticall Boatc, of thirty Cares, and a * Light-horfe- 
manofthcM^//i?fji<*«f, which came by b)' chance. And 
the menof Armes of the Me(]eniam were about ^o. which 
hee made vieofamongd the reft. Thegreatell part ther- 
fore, both of armed and vnarmed, he placed on the parts of 
the Wall toward the Land, which were of moll ilrength, 
and commanded them to make good the place againd the 
Land-forces, if they allaultcd it j and hee himleife, with B 
6o. men of Armes, chofen out of the whole number, and 
a few Archers, came forth of the Fort to the Sea-lidc, in 
that part where he moll expe(^ed their landing. Which 
part was of troublelbme accefle, and ilonie, and lay to the 
wide Sea. But becaufc their Wall was there the weakcll, 
he thought they would bcdrawneto aduenture for that. 
For neither did the Mhenians thinke they fliould euer hauc 
beene maftred with Gallies, which cauied them to make 
the place to the Sea- ward the leiTc (Irong ; and if the Pelo- 
ponnejfons fhould by force come to land.they made no other C 
account but the place would bee loft. Comming therefore 
in this part to the very brinke of the Sea, hee put in order 
hismenof Armes, and encouraged them with words to 

STHB:KE^ to his Souldiers. 

YO y that participate Tfith mee in theprefent danger, let not any 
e/you in this extremity, goe about to /eeme 'k'i/e, and reckon D 
euery pertll that now hejetteth njs ; hut let him rather come <vp 
to the Enemie "fipith little circuniJpeSlioH, and much hope, and lookefor 
hisfafety by that. For things that are come once to a {nnch, m thefe 
are, admit not debate ^ hut afpeedy hazard, ^ndyet i/T^ee Jland it 
out, and betray not our aduanta^es "With feare of the number of the 
Enemie, I fee well enough , that moU things are Tfitth rvs. For I make 
account, the difficultie of their landing makes for <vs : T^hich, as long 
06 wee abide our felues, will helpe 1>Sj hut if "^ee retire ^ though the 
place be difficulty yet when there is none to impeach them, they will 
land well enough. For tphtlefi they are in their Gallies, they are mo/l E 
eafie to he fought withall^ and in their disbarking being tut onequall 


Lib.^.. TheHtfioryofTnYCYDiD'ES. 


A tsrmss, their number if not greatly to bee feared j for though 
tb:y bee many-, rjet they maji fight but by jenf^ . for fian of 
room:' to fight in. yAndfor an Armie to bane odd:s by Ltmd^ 
ii another matter, then whm ih;y arc to fight from Gallies ,' 
where they fiand in netrd offo many accidents to fallout oppor- 
tunely jrom the Sea. So that 1 thinke their great difficulties 
doc but [et them euen ivitb our Jmall nimbe;'. ^nd for you , 
that bee Athenians, and by experience of disbark'mg againji 
others^ knotp, thtif a manfiandit out, and doe not, for feare of 
thefowfngofaWaue, or the menacing approach of a CfdlHe^giue 

B backe ofhimfelfe, bee cm neuer bee put ba-ch by i, iolence p J 
expcBi that yot4 jhould keepe your gromd, and by fighting it out 
yponthea>eryedgeofthey^atcrf prejerue both your felues and 
the Fort. 

Vpon this exhortation of Demofihenes , the Athenians 
tooke better heart, and went downe, and arranged 
themfeiucs clofe by the Sea. And the Lacedemonians 
came and aDaultcd the Fort, both with their Armie by 
Land, and with their Fleet, confiding of three and fortic 

C Gallies , in which was Admirall , Thrafymelidoj, the 
fonne of Crateficles, a Spartan \ and he made his approach 
where Demofihenes had befoi;e exp^pd ,him. So the 
..Athenians were aflaulted on both fides j.both by Sea and 
by Land. 

The Teloponnefians diuiding their; Gallies into fmall 

* numbers, becaufc they could not come neere with many 
at one:, and refting betweene, allailed them by turnes -, 
vfnig all pofsible valour, and mutual! encouragement, 
to put the Athenians backe, and gainc the Fort. 
D Mod eminent of all the reil was Br^/^^^ ; For ha- 
iling the Command of a Gallic, and feeing other Cap- 
taines of Gallies , and Steerefmen ( the place beeing 
hard of acceife ) when there appeared fometimes pof- 
fibility of putting afhoare , to bee affraid , and ten- 
der of breaking their Gallies, hee would cry out vnto 
them, faying, They did not n>sll^ for (paring of Wood, to 
let the Enemie fortifie in their Comtrey. And to the La 
ced^ymnians hee gaue aduice , to force landing with 
the breaking of their Gallies^and prayed the Confederates, 

E that in requital] of many benefits, they would not fiicketo beftow 
their Gallies at thu time rvpon the Lacedaemonians, und run- 

Ff ninsi 

The Athemm take heart* 

The lMced<(mmitmiSA\i[i 
the 1*01 1 by Land, and 
feeke to force landing 
from their GtJlies. 

The valour of Bm/J-w, 


^hc Htjlory of TnVcr d i r> i S. Lib.4., 

"SjrrfaS^tfjLaiSders or 
Iiriijia.u Uouiicthb)' roa 
loni-ihii wounds. 

•i^M^itnu. tori, the 
flact OH the iiktfuc cf tit 
On'.iyfcn StuUiai toj-.v:!^ 
. . ri"/i'£''( c»,tcWffu ii>e 
Rewm and the wMcr. 

The l4«ifrfwwiM»J, after 
three dayes allaulr, with- 
out tfteft, giuc oucr that 

The /*i6m!« Fleet re- 
turne from Zagy.thin, 
to ayde th« A'.hin^imin 


nin^ them afho>in, to '-vie any meams Tfhatjeeuer to Land 3 A 
and to get into their hands both the SMen in the lle^ and the 

Thus hee vrged others ; and hauing compelled the 
Stecrefman of his owne Gallic to ruiine her alhore, hec 
came to the * Ladders, but attempting to get downe, was 
by the Athenians put backe, and after he had receiued ma- 
Iny wounds, fwouned, and felling vpon the * ledges of the 
! Gallic, his Buckler tumbled ouer into the Sea, which 
brought to Land, the Athenians tooke vp, and vfed after- B 
wards in the Trophic which they fet vp for this affault. 
Alio the rcll cndcauoured with much courage to come 
aland . but the place being ill to land in, and the Athenians 
not boudging, they could not doe it. So that at this time 
l^'ortunecamelomuchabout, that the A;})enians fought 
from the Land, Laconiqus\-.2in<i,z^m[\ Lacedemonians in 
Gallies ; and the Lacec^temonians from their Gallics, 
fought againll the Athenians ^ to get landing in their owne 
now hollile Territory. For at that tinic there was an 
opinion farre fpred, that thefc were rather Land-men, G 
and expert in' a Battell of Foot; and that in maritime 
and nauall aftionst^ie other excelled. 

This day then, and a part of the next, they made 
fundry alTaults, and after that gaue ouer. And the third j 
day they fent out lome Gallies to ^fine, for Timber, ' 
wherewith to make Engines ) hoping with Engines to 
take that part of the Wall that looketh into the Hauen ; 
which, though it were higher, 'yef^ thfe landing to it 
waseafier. ■ 

In the m^anc time arriue the fortic ^.thenian Gallics D 
from Zacyntlus -, for there were loyned with them cer- 
taine Gallies of the Garrifon of NaupaBw, and foure 
o^Q}ios. And when they law both the Continent and 
the Hand full of men of Armes, and that the Gallies 
that were in the Hauen would not come foorth, not 
knowing where to call Anchor, they fayled for the 
prefent to the He Protc, being necre, and defart, and there 
lay for that night. 

The next day, after they had put themfelues in or- 
der, they put to Sea againe, with purpofe to offer them E 
Battel], if the other would come foorth into the wide 


Lib. ^. The Htjlory (t/Thvcydides. 

A Sea againft them, if not, to enter the Hauen vpon them. 
But the Tiloponnefians neither came out againll them, 
nor had Hopped vp the entries oFthe Hauen, as they had 
before determined, but lying Rill on the flioare, manned 
out their Gallies, and prepared to fight, if any entred, in 
the Hauen it felfe, which was no fmall one. The yltheni- 
ani \ ndcrdanding this, came in violently vpon them, at 
both [he mouths of the Hauen, and molt of the Uced^mo- IX^ZfiTZ'SZL 
tiuvi Gallics, which were already fee out, and oppoied'"»»en<»f''/'" 
them, they charged, and put to flight. And in following 

B the chafe, which was but fhort, they brake many of them, 
and tooke fiue, whereof one with all her men in her ; and 
they fell in alio, with them that fled to the fhoarc; and 
the Gal lies which were but in manning out, were torne 
and rcnc, before they could put off from the Land. Others 
they tyed to their owne Gallics, and towed them away 
empty. Which the L%ced*moniiins perceiuing, and ex- 
tremely grieued with the lofle, becaufe their fellowes 
were heereby intercepted in the Hand, came in with 
their ayde from the Land, and entring armed into the Sea, 

Q tooke hold of the Gallies with their hands, tohauc 
pulled them backeagaine; cuery one conceiuing the bu- 
finefle to proceed the worfc, wherein himfelfc was not 
prcfent. So there arofe a great affray about the Gallics, 
and fuch as was contrary to the manner of them both. For 
the L(tced<tmoniHns out of cagrenefle, and out of feare, did 
(as one may fay j nothing elfe but make a Sea-fight from 
the Land ; and the Athenians, who had the victory, and de- 
fired to extend their prcfent fortune to the vtmoft, made 
a Land-fight from their Gallies. But at length, hai^ng 

D wearied and wounded each other, they fell afunderj and 
the Laced^emoniMs rccoueredall their Gallies, iaue onely 
thofe which were taken at the firlt onfet. When they 
were on boch fides retired to their Campes,the Atheni- 
ans erected a Trophic, deliucred to the Enemie their dead, 
andpoilefl.^d the wrecke, and immediately went round 
the Hand wi:h their Gallies, keeping watch vpon it, as 
hauing intercepted the men within it. The ^Aopon- 
n^'f:ins in the meane time, that were in the Continent, 
and were by this time atTcmblcd there with their fuc- 

E cours from all parts of ^Peloponmjui, remained vpon the 
place at pyti^. 

F f 2. As 

The Afiai««'getring the' 
viftory befeega the men 
cut oft from lihe tvioy, in 
the Hand. 


come- to view the flitc of 
she C.mja-, and con- 
ic then- lo lend to /I- 
r'.vw about peace. 

Truce bftwecne the Ar 
n^irr, till Ambair»doiir$ 
'.ishtbclcntto A'.bir.i. 

7 he Hiftory <?/ T h v c y d i d e s. Lib.^, 

Otiltfthii and otf^er fbca 
itdPpeatts, thtt Ikfltpp'tg 
<fthi)je lieici wot uf two 
fjrrtii^, long fl;i ■' round. 
IIh lone., tvl'^c'-'p'tucpilfy 
.■fidihi Otrt, laucdlorlhe 
iCi-Kjj/bi round, rphich 
■(. fed oiu tt thejaile, /crued 
Ji'r Menhants ifemid 
t.jijifi.iUtwnofpiou fioy. 
/.«,"> aiHref"ie,mj,th)ef, 
(II mantifc tiOtrci; ofth 
b;kr veere tbe Shifs called 

'(iChccnix.d iKtafureof 
dmit three jiinus of ours, 
' 'cTvf.tifaqusrttrcJa 

'As foone as the newcs of what had paflcd was related A 
at S^.irr.1, they thought fie, in refpccTt the loiic was great, 
to lend the Magiilraces downe to the Campe, to deter- < 
mine, vpon view of the tlate of their prelent affaires there, 
what the) thoughtrequiiitetobedone. Thcfc,wheri they 
faw there was no polsibility to reheue their men, and 
were not willing to put them to the danger either of iuf- 
I L'ling by Famine, or of being forced by multitude; icon- 
eluded amongll themlelues, to take Truce with the A:he- 
ff/^« Commanders, as farre as concerned the particulars of 
Pylut, if they aUb would bee content, and to fend Ambaf- B 
fadoursto/if y;^«.f, about agreement, and to cndeuour to 
fetchoff their men as foone as they could. The Athenian 
Commanders accepting the propofition, the Truce was 
made, in this manner. 

-i The Articles of the Truce. 

TH A T the Laced£smoniansy7-'o«W deliuer wp, not ondy 
tho/e G allies wherein they fought^ hut al/o bring to Pylus, <i«ti 
put into the Athenians hands, ^hatfoeuer VeJJels of the * long ^^ 
forme of Imlding Were any ivhere elfe in Laconia. 

That they poulii not make any ajjault Vpon the Fort, neither hy 
S£anQi\hmdjThat the Athenians Jhould permit the Liccdx- 
m(X\iQWi> that were in the Continent, to fend oner to thofe in the I- 
Lmd, a portion of ground corne, agreed on, to f^it, to euery one two 
Attique * Ch(Xiiickes 0/ Meale, and f^o * Cotyle^ of Wuie, 
and'a piece of fief ? ; and to euery of their jermnts halfe that ^uan 
title. ■ ■■-•'■ " . 

i::u^attheyfhmldfe dtVu,tUAt\\tmms looking on, and not 
feitd o;(er any Vt:jjell byjltahh. 

\That the Athcmzns f)ouldneuertheleffe continue garding of the 
iland,prouided that they landed not in it •, andp)ouldnot inVadethe 
ln^dopoimdhn Jr mi e neither by Land nor Sea. 
Thatifcytkrfidctranfgi-effedin any part thereof the truce loos 
thin mmediittdy to bee yoyd^ othermfe to hold good till tbe returm of 
the LacediEtnonian Ambajfadours from Athens. 

That tht A:\wnidr]$f7ould' convoy them in a Gallie Mnto A- 
thcns , and backe. That at their ret time the Truce fhould end, and 
the Athenians fjould rt fore them their Galiies, in m good eflate as 
they hadreceiuedthem^ ' ^ ■ 

Thus was the Truce made, and the Gallics Were deli- 
'■ '■ u?red 


Lib. 4» '/^^ Hijlory 0/ T h v cy d i d e s. 

A ucre-i CO the. 4/ /;<?«//?« y, to the number oFabouc threefcore .- 
and chcAtnballjdours were knc away ; who a?riu:ng ar 
^fto, faid as t'oilovvcch. 


L A c 12 D ^: M o N I A N AiiibdlTadoLirs. 

MEN 0/ Athens, tU Laceda-monians hauefem <vs hi- 
ther, con eniin^ our men in the lland^ to fee if'^ee tan per- 
/wade you to fuch a courfe, as hein^ mofl pro .table for you, 

B may inthismisfortiote^be the mofl ho'ionruble for Vs our pre- 
fent condition is capable of . We '^nll mt beloti^cr in dij'courfv then 
Jlandeth with our .ujlome , hcingthe * fajlmn with Vy, li^here fe^P' 
wordfjuffcc., there indeed not to vfe many , butyet to vfemdre., t>hen 
theoccafion requireth that by words wee flmdd make plaine that 
which fi to bee dote in zctions of importance. 'But the'^ords'we 
j])all wfcjwee pray you to receiue, not T»ith the minde of an fnemicy 
nor 04 tf "ft-ee "^^ent abouttoinfiruclyou^^as men ignorant, but far a 
remembrance to you ^ of what you know, thxt you nuty dcliberateipifely 
therein. It fs n/^'in your power to ajjure your prcjcnt good fortune 

^ with reputation, holding what you haac, Ifith the additio'i of honour 
and glory bif fides ^ andco auoydthat T^^hiih befalleth men Vpon extra- 
ordinary fucccjje, ynho through hope, ajpire to grrdttr foftnm, be- 
cauje the fortune tiny- haue already] cafre ynlxiped for : iChirfiU'they 
that haue f At many ichanges ofbothfortufies, vkghtindei'd tobeewoft 
/iifpi:ioiisofthe ^odd. ^^'o vughtyoUrC'itie, and ows e(pcciMy^ viion 
experioK^, in all re'afon to bee. K^iot» it, byftetn^-thii prefent mif- 
fortune f*tlne on Vj, fl^ho being of gnattfi dignity of all tlye Ore'cians, 
cometoyou, toaskethat. "^htch before t»ee thought chiefity in our 
o'^ne hands to ojue.. ^'ind yet ti^ee 'are not brought to ihii'tdyrow^h 

D '^eahneffe nor through in folriice \*pm Addition of firengf?/but k- 
caufeitfucceedednst with the power 'iVee had\a4'%e thought it p^uld 
yi^hithntay xs'^ell happen to a*Ff other, as tohurfcluts. Sothatyou 
hand >f6 re':iJo>t'^-d'>»kviiie ./that for your p fiirchafpl'''for- 

t'uhhaJfo'niull be therefore all^^tes yours. 'Such'^ife mhi'^k'sfffely 
rcckm'fhiir proj-pcrity in ihe xi'cMif 'of'thtngs''''dbubl[ull'^-doe^r,}nfi 
^^ijcl^^'tilft) 'aMfrffe^-tl^emfelues toft^ards aiicerfivfYdnd rtlrthinL 
that Warre will jo firrc fdloip , and no further , CuS one fhc^ll'lWifi 
mef^ or Iffje f 'i take hin hand •' but father fo fdrrc' as foitiine' fhall 
leddt^r-rSrch 'ih^rMfi)feldomtmfcdrrying, becanfthhey h?e 'iiofftift \ 

iE yp'^mif't^'c confiH^ict of fuccejic'ch'oofe ihht^pytn^ifaflyfijgifiei 
9Hfr^ipBfn they ari^in'their^ettehfoHunL u^hdfh'it iUll''dee-'g'od\\ 


" Brainy nffftulffnfit 
i-'ipaiiiaiyand iialutalho 
lie Latonuniji/«i Uffctv 

10 a ii/autrit. 


The Hiftory o/Trvc 



for you, men of Axhcns^to doetfiith rvs j and not, if reieSltn^ our A chance to mifcarry (^ as many ti^ayes you may ^ to haue it 
thought hereafter that aU your prefentfuccejjes Tirere hut metre for' 

Wbereoj.on the contrary Jt it in your hands ^ -without danger ^ 
to Icaus A reputation to pojlerity both cf flrengtb and wifedome' 
The Lacedemonians caHyou toa^eaccjand end of the na-re, 
gluing j^ou peace yand a^iance^and much other friendjhip and mutu- 
alljamiliarity\re quiring for the J ame finely thofe their men that an 
in the Hand; though alfo foe thinke it betterjor both fdes , not to 
try the chance ofWarre ; Whether it fall out that hj fome octafon B 
cffafety ojj'ered.thej ef cape b^ force ^ or being expugned by fege^ 
fijould be more inyour power then they be. For wee are of thu 
mind, that great hatred umofi(afelycanceld, not when onethaP 
haui.jg beaten hu enemy yand gotten much the better in the Warre, 
brings him through necepty to take an oaih, and to make peace on 
ynequa'J termes, but when hauing it in hiipo'^eryla'^juUyfo to docy 
ifbepleafe, he overcome him likewife in goodnejjey and contrary to 
what he expeSis y be reconciled to him on moderate conditions* 
For in this cajey hu enemy being obliged , not tofeeke reuenge , at 
one that had beene for cedy but to requite his goodnejfe , fipiHyfor Q 
(J;amcybe the more enclined to the conditions agreed on. And na^ 
turaSy, to thojetbat relent oj their owne accord y mengiue way rr- 
ciprocaPyyWitb content j but againfl the arrogant, they wiUhazjird 
aU, etien when in their o-^pne iudgements they be too ypeake. But for 
-vs bothyif euer it were good to agreCy it is furelyfo at this prefcnt, 
and before any irreparable accident be interpof id. }y hereby wee 
(hotild be compelled bejtdcs the common^ to bear e you apanicular 
eternal! hatred y andyoube depriued of the commodities we no'9^ 
offer you. Let 'vs be reconciled while matters fiand rcndecided^ 
and wbilfl you haue gained reputation y and our friendfljipy and we D 
not fuffered di/honour, and but indifferent lojfe. And we jhaUnot 
onely our [clues preferre Peace before Warre^ but alfo giue a cef- 
(ation of their mijeries to aH the refi of the Grecians, who !w// 4c- 
knowledge it rather from you^then rvs. For they make Warre, 
not knowing whether fide begun ; but ij an end be made, ( which if 
now for the mo/i part in your oypne hands ) the thankes wiS bee 

.And by decreeing theTeacey you may make the luZCcdxmO' 
nhm your fure friendsyinoj much a/ they call you to it , and are 
therein not forced, but gratified. Wherein confider bow many E 
commodities are like to en[uey/or ifype and you goe one way , yoik 



Thefif^ifrj ofTn void i>D e s. 

A ^«o«; ^^(j nfi o/Grt&ce, hin^ inferior to T!>j, *'iy/ff hen mr^vsi, 
the h{^bejl degree. Thus fpaJcCthe Lactd^cn-onians, zh'mkmi 
that in times pift , the AtheniM had cdUeted Peace , anl; 
been hindered of k by thertt,add that being now oiferecf, 
they would gladly accept of if.,.;Ui-l^*j3o-jq )-;i£ ,.:t ^aivri/; 

But they, hauingthefe men intercepted in the Jland, 
thought they might compound at pbaforey and ajpired 
tD greater matters. To this,they were fct 6n,f'or the moil 
part by Oeon, thefomeofClemctnt^z popular man, at that 

g time, and of greatc lI fway with the multitude. He per- 
Iwaded them to giue this anfwer/ ; • ^ '-{ j^^' ' - "•-' '^'j ■ '^^ 

That they in the Hand ought firji to d€Uii'et'i:>p their '^Af mi y 
and corns themjelites fo Athens, ^wt/ when theyfi^^ttld be thrre ,' if 
the Lacedemonians would make reftituHon of Nifea,^«iPeg.^, 
and Ttdtttn^Afid Achaia, ( the which th(^y had not won fn 
Warre, but had receiued byformer Treaty, when the A- 
themam being indi(lrelVc,and at that time, in more need <)f 
Peace' then now,yeeldcd them vp into their hand^J ^/;£f/; 
they jhotild ham their nun agaiae, and peace (Jmildbemadeyjor as 

Q longizs they hthfljould thinkegood. ■ - , ^ ' ■ ■ - 

To thisanfwer , they replye!dhothii^^;t)Utderired'that 
Commifsion6rs niighc be chofcn to treat with them, who 
by alternate fpeaking', and hearing, might quietly maie 
fuch an agrcemeiit,'astheycoiikl-perfwade each other vn- 
to. But then Qeohamc migVitily vpon th'em,faying, he 
Itnew before,that they had no hotteft purpoie , and that 
the fame was now manifefl, in that they refufed to ipeake 
before the people, but fought to fit inconfultation , onely 
with'a Few ; And willied them^ if they had ought to fay, 

X) that was reall, to fpeake it befoi-e them all . But the Lace- 
demonians finding,that although they had amind to make 
Peace with them, vpoh this occafioh of aduerfitj', yet it 
would not be fit tolpeakein itbefore the riwltitude ; lell 
fpeaJling,andnot obtaining, they fliouldi'nci.frre ^ callHti- 
ny with their Confederates^ and feeing witball,'that: the 
Jthcnians would not grant #hat they fucd for, vpon reaib- 
nable conditiqns.they went bacfegaineAvithout efFed:; -" 
Vpon their retiirne, prefeHlil V the Truce at Pyhu was at^ 
an end, and the Ldcek^emoni.^n f;;according to' 'agreemcnt,dc- 

B, manded rellitution of their Galiies, ' But the Athenians, hy- 
ingco'their charge:,an iflaukttiade vpoiVthefFort, Contra- 

- — -- -..^y 

Ti,ltie (Mffnut'ontf 

bo. ourjhc tf tana -yrui'iiyy 
J :4 0)dWftl: tAi:yafthe 
Vif J, ; bii4-u;c ij he i)jafa;d 

' pl»>hff,C"c I o> fuic' a:ti - 

ieimcdth m(d:tc\^e\i.\ 
Hirers of Oircc ,Wiu!d \ 
>:(w,out ofprutr.eintitiijl, 
he amieiit to loynt tvit -i the 
Athenians, t o lyrtaiii^ it. 

L.y the aduice ol ckoa. 

to Ipeakt beloicapn- 
uacc ComiBiicee. 


* P^ix- fir buying Teut Mthc 
(Oil nfihi '.oofedc/atttliib- 
uC2iii>!,fortheihim I'ny 
M^rH mt\irtp»Kjidbip.i^ the 
puplc x»xc till-', t' 'at b) the 
ami: ; ofthije trvi frc<i!jhli 
the reji (tffJreece v/^iild 
hi fiitc«df<iifcneec!)e^, 
ipiich thtyioncbed 'lfo,hKt 
obfcur i- w t he lafi wtiJsif ! 
(if'!' Oraiian^ I litue no- 
tidkfiire. ■ ' 

The Ambaffadorire- 
turnc without cti'eft,an(l ' 
ihel ruccendi-th , 

■Xhcjlibmn'iicauiW, and. 
kcepe the Oallics ot the ; 
Laiedtmonum, ] 


The Hiflory of Tnv cy'div es. Lib. +. 

The Warre at PjIm goci 

ni/T«j fight m the ftriight 
bctwecnc jMfjJ"<iM and 

j ♦Spbafteri^ 

Rhegiim»>«»»« a firmon- 
tory^ddcrwtdfrom Va- 
yrvui, vhichfi^mficilo 
kHiil(e,mal(ti u ptobabJe lb tl 
Sicily wiu tnct a part of 
I taly ypid « hae Mo\iat if 
iyfame lutbeMnl^eJI^utyn 
Scylls » mair t» Sicily 
iboiRhcgium is, 
* Charybaii, h.utckcnfot 
thi fijme of the vrijo'.epruit, 
u but a furl ntire le MciFa- 
MybetfPttniii'tiid i'elo- 
rui Jkb'ud lo exlraorcbiurji 
agfv.ionin ficrw/jncaihcr, 
but mli'iit^ 10 tbain tf^ , 
nr wi/fawcdtobttfvU, 

ry to the Articles, and pther matters of 130 great impor- A 
tance, refufcd to render them ; (lauding vpon this , that ic 
was laid that the accord fliould be voyd, vpon whatibeuer 
the lell tranlgreision of the lame. But the Lciced<emoniiins 
dcn)ing it, and protelling.this detention of their Craliics 
foran iniury, went their wayes,and becooke themfelues to 
the Warre. So the Warre ac Pylmvfaii on both fides re- 
niicd with all their power. : 

The Athenians went euery day about the Hand with two 
GallieSjOne going one way,anothcr, another way , and lay 
at Anchor about it euery night with their whole Fleet, B 
except on that part which iyeth to the open Sea,and that 
onely when it was windy, t'rom Jthem alio , there came 
a fupply of thirty Gallics more,to guard the Hand, fo that 
they were in the whole threefcore and ten. And theL^c*?- 
danwnians made afl'aults vpon thesFort^and watched euery 
opportunity that Ihould prcfent it felfe, to laue their men 
iuthelland. .; :• h;:-^ ^U:T;u! : .• 

Whilett thefe things paffcd, the '^jracu/tans , and their 
Confederates in S/V/7y, adding to thofe Gallics that lay in 
Garrifon at M-?^>;<<, the reft of the Fleet which they had q 
prepared, made Warre out q^ cMcJfana^ inlligatcd thereto, 
chiefly ,by the Locrians, as enemies to the Rbegians^ (whole 
Territory they had alfo iijuaded with their whole forces 
by L^d ) and feeing the y^r/>f»/V!m had but a few Gallics 
prefcnt,and hearing that the greater number which were 
tq come to them,w^re ernploycd in the ficgc of the * Hand, 
deiired to try, with them a BattellbySca j for if they 
CPU Id get the better with their Nauie, they hoped, lying 
\^Q{ovt Rhegmn^.hoth wi^i their Land-forces on the Field 
fide, and with their Fleet by Sea, eafily to take it into D 
their hands, and thereby- llrength en their aflFaircs. For 
Rhenium a * Promontoric of Italy, and McJIam in Sici{y lying 
ncere. together, they might both hinder the Athenians from 
lying at Anchor there againd them> and make themfelues 
Mailers of the Streight'.-. This Streight is the Sea bcv 
twecne Rhenium ^nd MeJJttnayV/hcsc Sicily isnecrcd to the 
Continent, and is that which is called * Qharybdisy where 
Vlylfcs is faid to hauc paflc^ ' through j which , for that it i s 
very narrow, and bccauie the Sea falleth in there, from 
two great maincs, the TyrrhAne und Sicilian , and is rough, E 
hath' therefore not without good caufe becnc efteemed 


j Lib, 4. The Hifiory ofT^n v c t d r b e s . 

A In this Straight then^the Syracuftans and their Confederates, 
with fomevvhat more then 30. Gallies,wcre conl trained in 
the later end of the day to come to a Sea-fight, hauing bin 
drawnc forth about the pailagc of a ccrtaine J3oat,to vnder- 
take 1 6 . Gallies of Athens, and 8. of Rhegium : and being o- 
uercome by th^ Atbenkns yM\ off with the loUeof one Gal- 
lie^and went lpccdiiy,eacli fide to their own Campe at Mef- 
Jana, and Rbegium ; and the night oucrtoofce them in the a- 
(ftion. After this the Locriam departed out of the Territo- 
ry of the Rhegiami^nd the Fleet of the Syracufians and their 

B Confederates came together to an Anchor zt* pelom, and 
had their Land-forces by them. But the Athenians and Rhe- 
gians came vp to thcm,and finding their Gallies empty of 
men, fell in amongrt them, and by meanes of a Grapnel 
* call into one of their Gallies, they loft that Gallic, but 
the men fwam out.Vpon this the Syracufians went aboard, 
and whileft they were towed along the fhore towards 
MeJ?ana,the Athenians czme \p to them againe.and the5>- 
racufians * opening thcmfelucs, charged firft, and funkc 
another of their Gallies^ lb the Syracufians palled on to 

C thcPortofM^,f4»^, hauing had the better in their paflage 
by thefliorc,and in the Sea-fight, which were both toge- 
ther in fuch manner as is declared . 

The Athenians, vpon newes that Camarina lliould by Archi- 
es and his complices bee betrayed to the S'yracuHanSy went 
thither.Inthe mcane tinxQ the Mejjianims with their whole 
power ,by I.and,and alio with their Fleet,warred on Naxtu 
a * Chakidiqui Citie,& their borderer. The firft day hauing 
forced the Naxians to retire within their Walls,they Ipoi- 
led their fields ; the next day they lent theij: Fleet about in- 
D to the Kiuer Jce fine, which fpoiled the Countrey as it went 
vp the Riuer,& with their Land-forces aflaulted the City. 
In the meane time many of the Siculi, Mountainers, came 
down to theirafsif lance againfbtheiVl^j(/-«»/4«j;which when 
they oiNaxw percciued^they tooke heart,and encouraging 
themfelues with an opinion, thzt thtLtomims, and all the 
reft of the Grecians their Confederates, had come to fuc- 
courthcm, fallied fuddenlyoutoftheCitie, and charged 
vpon tlie SMeffanians, and put them to flight, with the 
flaughtcr of a thoufand of their Souldiers, the reft hard- 

Elydcaping home^ For the Barbarians fell vpon them, 

and flew the moft part of them in the High-wayes. 

^'> ■" Gg And 


I Die Syramfiam ^niAili 

• tTrimntlorjofS'ic'dy, 


by the SttiUien on 

The Mf^Um rrarre on 
the Cicie oi JiaxM, and 
recciue a gicatloffe. 

♦ ofihtft which mrcfeuxiied 
ly the ChikidtADief 



The Aihcnid^i and LetJf 
I attempt to uke 


troubled to watch tl>« 

126 I The Hiftory 0/ T h V c y d i d e 5. Lib. 4.. 

And the Ciallies chat lay at JMeJJana.not Jong after, diui- A 
dcd themfelucs,and went to their * Icucrall homes. 

Hereupon the Leontines and their Confederates, toge- 
ther with the Athenians, marched prefcntly againft Mijja- 
na, as being now weakned, and aii'aultcd it, the Athenians 
with their Fleet, by the Hauen j and the Land-forces, at 
the Wall to the Field. But the Maffanians, and certainc 
Locrianswkh Demoteles, who after this loilc had beene left 
there in Garrifon, ilVuing forth, and falling fuddenly vpon 
them, put a great part of the Leontines Armie to flight, 
and flew many; but the a'i//;^«/^»j, feeing that, disbarked, R 
andrciieued them; and comming vpon the Mefanians now 
in diforder, chaled them againe into the Citie. Then they 
ere(5tcd a Trophic, and putoucr to Rhenium. After this, 
I the GrectAmoi Sicily w^ned one vpon another, without the 
I Athenians » 

All this while the ^;;5»f«/4»j at Ty»« befiegcd thcL^- 
cedamonians in the Ilandj and the Armie of the ^elo^annefi- 
ans in the Continent remained dill vpon the place. This 
keeping of Watch was exceeding paincfull to the Atheni- 
ans, mxc{^t€^T\t they had, both of Come and Q 
Water; for there was no Well but one, and that v^^as in 
the Fort it felfc o^Tyltu, and no great one. And the grca- 
teft number turned vp the graueli, and drunkc fucb water 
as they were * like to findc there. They were alfo fcanted 
of roome for their Campe ; and their Oallics not hauing 
place to ride in,thcy were forced by turncs, fome to ftay a- 
Ihore, and others to take their visual!, and lye off at Au- 
chor. But their grcatefl difcouragemenc was, the time 
which they had flayed thcrc^ongcr then they had thought 
to haue done ; for they thought to hauc faraifhcd them D 
out in a fewdayes,being in a dciart Hand; and hauing no- 
thing to drinke but fait water. The caufc hereof were the 
Lacedemonians, who had * proclaimed that any man that 
would,fhould carry in Mcalc, Wine,Cheefc, and all other 
cfculencsneceflary for a Siegc,into the Hand, appointing 
for the fame a great reward of lilucr ; and if any Hehtc 
fhould carry in any thing, they promilcd him liberty. 
Heereuppn diuers with much danger, imported viftuall ; 
but efpecially the Helot es, who putting off from all parts 
of ^doponnelw, whercfocuer they chanced to bee, came E 
in at the parts of the Hand that lay to the wide Sea. But 


« fheiMtervhkhuftimd 

iic»?imml}'f>tfi, ttmg 
jiramul, andfo purge d of 
thefiUmffeia tU paffagt 
of the rtater thriugh thcfand, \ 
hut nttfogotdM further 

The ftiift of the Ltudtme- 

mtm to rclieue the befie- 
gcd vMih viftuall. 
• t» theftofte tfiht CtUBfuy 

'A. they had a care aboiic all, to uke I'uch a.'tlme as >to (^e? 
brouj^hc in with cHc Wind . For when ic blew frciiti the 
Sej, they could elcape the Watchof the <ialiies Caiiiy.For 
they could not then lye round about the Hand ?^t Anchor. 
And the Hdote^ were nothing tender in putting afliOctre ; 
for they ranne their Gallics on ground, valued at a price 
in money, and the menoFArmesalfo watched at all the 
landing places of the Hand. But as many as made attempt 
when the weather was calme, were intercepted. There 
werealfofuch as could diuc,that fwam ouernito the Hand 

3 through the Hauen,drawing after them in a Hring,Bottks 
filled with * l-'oppy, tempred with Honie, and pounded 
I.incfced.whcrof fomeac thefirit palled vnfeenejbut were 
afterwards watched. So that on either part they vfed all 
pofsible art, one fide to fend oucr food, the other to appre- 
hend thofe that carried ic. 

The f^opk of Athens being aduertifed of the flate of their 
Armle, how it was in diflrefle,and that vi(Stuall was tranf 
ported into the Hand, knew not what they fhould doc to 
iz, aiid feared left Winter fhould ouertake them in their 

Q Siege; fearing noconely that to pr'ouide them of neccHa- 
ries about Teloponnefm, and in a de/art place withall, would 
bee a thing impofsible, but alfo that they fhould be vnable 
to fend forth io many things as were requifite, though it 
were Summer ; and againc, that the parts thereabout be- 
ing without Harbour, there would bee no place to lye at 
Anchor in againft them, but that the Watch there cea 
fingofitfelfe,themen would by that meanes- elcape, or in 
jfomcfoule weather bee carried away in the fame Boats 
that brought them meate. But that which they feared 

J3 moft, was, that the Lacedxmoninns feemed to haue fome 
allurance of them already ,becauic they lent no more to ne- 
gotiate about them. And they repented now, that they 
had not accepted of the Peace. But fjeon knowing him- 
lelfe to be the man fufpedied for hindering the agreement, 
fiid, that they who brought the newes, reported not the 
truth. Whercupon,thcy thatcamethence,aduifmg them, 
if they would not beleeue it,, to lend to view the cftadeof 
the Army, he and were chofca by tht. jltbemms 
to view it. But when hce law that hee mull of force 

£ eyther fay as they faid , whom hcc before calumniated, 
or flying the Contrary be proued a Iyer, hee aduifed the 
G ^ 2. Aihenians \ 


' A medicnefot hmm (tad 
ibiifl, no: mcaic, Sibalkjk. 

The Athemiois are angry, 
th.-t their Aripie is de- 
clined (o long in the 

clem CO auoyd the enuic 
ofhindcrint; the peace, 
eugng-th himfcltc ere 
hcc was jware,co fetch 
thofc (hat were bcficgcd 
III theliaadjhooae to 


The Hiflory o/" T h v c y d i D e s. Lib.^- . 

^K^ny^^ht Mtpfiratt 
^awbe[e autb^^nty-m.u t&u- 
mittei tin Ituymt, and mitfli- 

CZdw vnderMketh to 
fetch thofe in the Hand 
priloBCis CO Atytni. 

CUon taken at his ward, 

would baue declined the 
employment.but cannot 


A glorino* boaft o{ C^on 
w«U takcp. 

^Athenians, feeing them endined of themfelues, to fend-^ 
thither greater forces, then they had before thought to 
dOe, that it was not fit to fend to view the place, nor to 
lofetlieir opportunity by delay, but if the report Icemcd 
nto them to bee true, they fhould make a voyage againll 
thofe men,and glanced at Jslicias the fonne o^ Niceratu;th(;n 
* Gcnerall, vpon malice, and with language of reproach. 
Saying it was caiie, if the Leaders were men, to goe and 
take them there in the Hand. And that himfelfc, if hec had 
thcCommand, would doc it. But N/V/^, feeing the Aihc 
w/>jtobceina kinde of tumuh againll Ckon, for that B 
when hee thought it fo cafic a matter, he^ did not prcfent- 
ly put it in pra(itice, & feeing alfo he had vpbraided him, 
willed him to take what. ftrength hec would, that they 
could giue him, and vndertakc it. Qeon fuppofing at firil ' 
that he gaue him this leaue but in words, was ready to ac- 
cept it; but when he knew he would giue him the authori- 
ty in good earneft, then he fhrunke backe, and faid,thatnot 
he, but Ma^/ was Generali ; being now indeed afraid, and 
hoping thathedurftnot haue giuenouer the office to him. 
But then, Nhiai againe bade him doe it, and gaue ouer his q 
command to him, for fo much as concerned pyliu, and cal- 
led the Athenians to. witnefl'e it. They (as is the fafhion of 
the multitude) the move Qleon declined the Voyage, and 
wentbackefrom his word, preflcd Nicias fo much the 
more to refigne his * power to him, and cryed out vpon 
C.kon to goe. luforauch as not knowing how to difengage 
himfelfc of his word, hee vndertookc the Voyage, and 
Hood forth, faying, that he feared not the Lacedaemonians, 
and that hec would not carry any man with him out of 
the Citie, but onely the Lsmniansznd Jmbrians that then D 
were prefent, and thofe Targettieres that were come to 
them from .^«w, and 400. Archers out of other places, 
and with thefe, he faid, added to the Souldiers that were 
I at 'Py/zw already, he would within twenty dayes, either 
fetch away the Lacedemonians ^^Mt, or kill them vpon the 

This vaine fpecch moucd zmoti^^tht Athenians fomc 
laughter, and was heard with great content of the wifer 
fort. For of two benefits, the one mull needs fall out ; ei- 
ther to be rid oiCleon , (which was their grcateft hope) or 
if they were decciued in that, then to get thofe Laced^mo- 

Lib. 4« The Hijlory o/T h v c t d i d e s. 

A niam into their hands . Now when he had di fpatched With 
the Aflembly, and the Athenians had by their voices de- 
creed him the Voyage, heioyned vnto himlelfc Demojlhc- 
nesy one of the Commanders at ^ylwiy and prefently put to 
Sea. Hee made choice of Demojihenes for his Companion, 
beciule he heard that hee alfo, of himfcife, had a purpofe 
to fct his Souidiers aland in the He. For the Armic ha- 
iling fuffered much by the ilraightncfTcof the place, and 
being rather the beficged, then the befieger, had a great 
defirc to put the matter to the hazard of a Battell .- con- 
B firmed therein the more, for that the Hand had been burnt. 
For hauing beene for the moft part wood, and (by reafon 
it had lyen euerdefart) without path, they were before 
the more afraid^ and thought it the aduantage of the Ene- 
mie ■ for ailaulting them out of Ijaht, they might annoy 
a very great Armie that fhould offer to come aland. For 
their crrours, being in the Wood, and their preparation 
could not fo well haue beene difccrncd ; whereas all the 
faults of their ownc Armie ihould haue beene in light. So 
that the Enemy might haue fee vpon them fuddenly, in 
C what part foeuer they had pi'eafed ; becaufe the onfet 
had beene in their: owne election. Againc ^ "^^ if they 
fhould by force come vp to fight with the Laceddimo- 
nUns 21 hand in the thicke Woods, the fewer, and skil- 
ful! of the wayes, hee thought would bee too hard for the 
many and vnskilfull. Befides, their owne Armie beeing 
great, it might receiue an ouerthrow before they could 
know of it, becaufe they could not fee where it was need- 
full to relieu^ one another. 

Thefe things came into his head, clpecially from the 
D loflchec receiued mjBolia. Which in part alfo happe 
ned, by occafionofthe Woods. But the * Souidiers, for 
want ofroome, hauing beene forced to put in at the out- 
fide of the Hand, to drefle their dinners with a warch be- 
fore them,and one of them hauing fet fire on the Wood,it 
burnt on by little and little, and the Wind afterwards ri- 
fingjthc moft of it was burnt before they were aware. By 
this accident, Vemoflhenes the better difcerning that the La- 
ced^-cmonitir.s were more then hee had inagined, hauing be- 
fore, by vicluall fent vnto them, ■ thought them not io 
E many, did now prepare himfelfe for the Enterprize, as a 
matter deieruing the Athenians vtmoft care, and as hauing | 



The reafon why Veiro- . 
(ihcnti durft noc land ilt 
(belUnJ.col'ubdue the 
befiegcd by fighr. 

' The Athenian Snldlm, 

The v/ood of the Ilaad 
burnt by ac^idem. 


'The Hifimjt ofTjp v c t d i d e s. Libv^,. i 



And till «lior« that were 
in the firft and nioft re- 
mote watch from Fylw, 

i» J'^t^.thc lighr-nrmed. 

[mmgfi the Atbcniansj/ir 

'/ cfecoivi lygnx,anil the 
lafl Tbalamit*f<rThil3. 
<nij. In ibCGtUy ub'cd i 
•B:r(nic,ihtre wtie ni Zcuti. 
t-t^naTtirtn^c wen ill ^ 
tar.l(Ci,in < ^adrireinc tnd 
k.fweidi,*U iht mtUiic 
Vnfl^cj wnc Zcttyt* : tr.c'y 
tfc vfftmofwert^ktnmu, 
lid ti-e rmkimofl TmU- 

better commodity of ianding in the Hand , tlieii before heJi 
had ; and both lent for the forces of fuch Confederates as 
were nccrc , and put in reaciinefle cucry other nccdfull 
thing. And tVtfow , ^vho had fent a Mdiengci- before to 
fignific his camming , came himlelfe alio wath thole' 
forces which he had required , vnto Pjyhi'. When they 
were both together ,firR they lent a Herald to the Campe 
in the Continent to know if chey would command thofe 
in the Hand to deliuer vp rhcmfelues and their Armcs 
without battell, to be held with cafic imprilbnmcnt, till 
fome agreement were made touching the mainc Warre. B 
Which when they refufed,thei4f/jfw,i»j for one day held 
their hands, but the next day , hauing put aboord vpoH a 
few GallieSjall their men of Armes, they put off in the 
night, and landed a little before day on both fides of the 
Hand, both from the Mayne, and from the Hauen , to the 
number of about 800 men of Armes, and marched vpon 
high fpeed towards the formoll watch of the Hand. For 
thus the Laced^-monians lay quartered. In this formoft 
watch were about thirty^ men of Armes. The middeft, 
andeuenefl part of the Hand, and about the water, was C 
kept by E^itAdcu their Captaine,with the greatcfl: part of 
the whole nuii^ber. And another part of them , which 
were not many, kept the laft guard towards Pjlw^ which 
place to the Sea -ward was on a ClifFe, and lead 
afl'ailcable by Land. For there was alfo a certainc Fort 
which was old,and madeof chofcn,noc of hewne (lones. 
which they thought would ftand them in (lead in cafe of 
violent retreat. Thus they were quartered. Now the 
Athenians prcfently killed thofe of the formoft guard, 
(which they fo ran to) in their Cabins , and as they were D 
taking Armes. For they knew not of their landing, but 
thought thofe Gallics,had come thither to Anchor in the 
night,according to cu{lome,as they had been wont to doc. 
Airoone as it was morning, -the* reft of the Army alio 
landed , out of fomcwhat more then 70 Gallies,euery one 
with luch Armes as he had; being all that rowed, (except 
only the ^Thalamijyight hundred Archers ^Targueticrs as 
many 5 all the .yHcfmidfu thac came to aide them , and as 
many of them bcfidcSjas held any place about (P>7t(/,except 
oncly the Garrifon of the Fort it k\k. Dcmofthenes then E' 
dilpofing his Army by two hundred, and more in a com- 


ne Htjhry ofTuvdD id e s . 


A piny,and in fome lefle,atccrtaiiic diftances, feared on all 
the higher grounds, to the end chat the enemies compaf- 
fcd about; on euery fide^mighc the leil'e know what to doe, 
or againll what parcco fee thcnifelues in batccl.and be fub- 
ied; CO the fhot of the multitude from euery part 5 and 
when they fhould make head againlt thofc that fronted 
them,becharged behindhand when they fliould turnc to 
thofe that were oppofed to their flancks, be charged ac 
once both behind and before. And which way locucr 
they m.irched, the light-armed, and fuch as were meanli- 

B cllprouid;!dof Armes,followcdthcmatthebacke, with 
Arrowes, Darts, Stones, and Slings , whohauc courage 
enough afarrcoff, and could not be charged , but would 
ouercomc flying, and alio preilb the enemies when they 
fhould retyrc. With this defigne , Demo(lhen?s , both 
intended his landing at firlt , and afterwards ordered his 
forces accordingly in the action. Thofe that were about 
Epitadu , who were the greatcfl: part of thofe in the 
Hand, when they faw that the formoll guard was flaine, 
and that the Army marched towards them, put them- 

Q fdues in array, and went towards the men of Armes of the 
Athenians ;w\xh intent to charge them ; for thefe were op- 
pofed to them in front, and the light-armed Souldiers on 
their flancks,and at their backs. But they could neither 
come to ioyne with them, nor any way make vfe of their 
♦skill. For both the light-armed Souldiers kept them 
off,with (hot from cither fidc,and the men of Armes ad- 
uanccdnot. Where the light-armed Souldiers approa- 
ched necreft,chey were driuenbacfcc; but returningjthey 
charged them afrefh.being men armed lightly , and that 
D cafily got out of their reach by running, efpecially the 
ground being vneafic, and rough , by hauing been formerly; 
defert ; fo that the Lacedemonians in their Armour, could 
not follow them. Thus for a little while they skirmiffied 
one againll anothcr^a farre off. But when the Laced4m6ni- 
ans were no longer able to run out after thefti, where they 
charged, thefe light-armed^ScfUldibrs leeitt^ them lefle 
earneft in chafing them, and tatiiie couragfc: 'chiefly from 
their right,as being many times theirnumber ,' and hauing 
alfo been vfed to them fo rauch,as not to thiiikc them now 

E fo dangerous as they had done, for that they had notr^Cei- 
ued fo much hurt at their hands, as their fubdued mindcs, 
3fnC' becaufe 

The /ihemam Jiuide 
thctrfclue* into many 
troo|jcs,«gainft the 
mainc body of the Lace- 
dt/rnntaK Soaldieri. 

Ths fight betwcaacr 
j1lhiHians,»nd the LactJa. 
«<iwj«i,in the middle of 
the lUHd, 


ftMiiing fight j»M th$kgit 
apectitiar venue tfilx La- 
ce<l*m«nianj, tu the Sea " 
fight WM tboughl 19 the 


TheHiJlorjio/T aye YTJ ID ts. Lib.^ 


Tht laucUmmiim retire 
CO the Fort.where the 
Jail giu»i was pUced. 

The Athtmau affault 
cbcBi tbetCi 

becaufc they were to fight agamft the Lacedemonians, had A 
at their ftrll landing prc-iudged , contemned them , and 
with a great cry ran all at once vpon them,ca(\ing Stones, 
Arrowes,andDarts,astocucry man came next to hand. 
Vpon this cry, and airault,thcy wcrc/nuch terrified, as not 
accuflomed to fuch kind of fight j and withall a great 
dull of the woods lately burnt,mounted into the ayre , fo 
that by reafon of the Arrowcs, and Stones, that together 
with theduft flew from fuch a multitude of men , they 
could hardly fee before them. Then the battcll grew 
fore on the Lacedemonians fide, for their * lackes now gaue B 
waytotheArrowes, and the Darts that were throwne, 
llucke broken in them, fo as they could not handle thcm- 
fclues,asneitherfceingbeforethem,nor hearing any dire- 
d:ion giuen them, for the greater noylc of the enemy ; but 
C danger being on all fidesj were hopelefl'c to faue them- 
ielues vpon any fide by fighting. In the cnd^many of them 
being now wounded, for that they could not Ihift their 
groundjthcy made their retreat in clofc order, to the latl 
guard of the Iland,and to the watch that was there. When 
they once gaue ground, then were the light-armed Soul- ^ 
diers much more confident then before, and preffed vpon 
them with a mighty noyfcAnd as many of the Lacedemo- 
nians ^i they could intercept in their retreat , they flew j 
but the moft of them recouercd the Fort, and together 
with the watch of the lame, put themfelues in order to 
defend it in all parts that were fubicft to aflault. The 
Athenians following , Could not now encompafle and 
hemme them in, for the llrong fituation of the place , but 
afl'aulting them in the face,fought onely how to put them 
from the wall. And thus they held out a longtime, 
the better part ofa day, either fide tyred with the fight, 
ai|id with thirfl:,and with the Sunne, one endcauouring to 
drhie the enemy from the top , the other to keepe 
their ground.. And the Lacedemonians defended them- 
felues eafili^r now then before , becaufe they were 
not now Qijcompafled vp^n their flancks. . When there 
;was no end otj:he bufincfle, the Captainc of the SMeffeni- 
4;;; laid \ntQ Qleon,^nd Vemofthenes, that they fpent their 
labour there in vaine, and that if they would deliuer vnto 
him a part of the Archers, and light-armed Souldicrs, to E 
get vp by fuch a way as he himfelfe fhould find out, and 




The H'tflory ofT ny ci Di b e4\ ^^ 


Acomcbehinde vpon their backcs, hec thought the en- 
trance might bee forced. And hauing receiucd the 

: Forces hee asked, hce tooke his way from a place out ol 

I Irghtto the Lacediemonians^ that hee might not be difeoue- 
rc;d ; making his approach vlidcr the Chffesof the Hand, 
where they were continuall ; in which parr, truding to 
the'naturall ilrcngth therof.thcy kept no vvatch^and with 
much labour, and hardly vnfeene, came behindc them. 
And appearing fudirnly from abouc at their backes, 
both terrified the Enemies with the fight of what they 

jg expcdled not, and much confirmed the Athenians with the 
fight of what they expected. And the Lace-UnonU^s be- 
ing now charged with their fhot both before and behind, 
were in the fame cafe (to compare fmall matters with 
great) that they vvereinat * 77;^n;;(7/)j/rf. For then they 
were ilaine by the 'Terfwis, fhut vp on both iides in a nar- 
row path. And thefe now being charged on both fides, 
could make good the place no longer, but fighting, few 
againft many, and beeing wcake withall for want of 
foodc, were at laft forced to giue ground , and the Jshem- 

Q nns by this time , were alfo Maflers of all tht entran- 

But Ckon and Demsflhenesj knowing that the more 
they gaue backe , the fafler they would bee k^iWtd by 
their Armie, ftaid the fight, aild held in thz Souldiers, 
with defire to carry them aliue to Athens, in cafe their 
ipirits werQ fo much broken, and their courage abated 
by this mifcric, as vpon Proclamation made, they would 
bee content to deliucr vp their Armes. So they proclai- 
med, that they fhould deliuervp their Armes and them- 

D fclues to xht Athenians^ to be dilpofed of as to them (hould 

Vpon hearing hecreof , the mofl: of them threw 
downe their Bucklers, and (hooke their hands aboue 
their heads, fignifying their acceptation of what was 
proclaimed. Whereupon a Truce was made, and they 
came to treat, Qeon and Demofthenes of one fide, and 
Styphon the fonne of Thivax, on 'the other fide. For 
ofthem that had Command there, Epitadcu, who was the 
firft^wasflalne; and Hippa^retfs, who was chofen to fuccecd 

E him, lay amongtl: the dead,though yet aliue ; and this man 

was the third to fucceedinthe Comand by the*Law,in cafe 

H h the 

Some of the Atbma-'i 
eJiinb* Yp behind the Ltl,- 
cedilKiinians vnfeene, aii'd 
apptarc at their backeS. 

* jooo, Licec'amiinJtins , 
vndi > iben Kjug Lconidas, 
i» ihe Stiu^ht tf Thermo- 
pyl^fWuhJiood jooooo. . 
i'e[i\ans,tilttheftfere dr~ 
cumutiutrl, and charged ioih 
bifiircavdii.hind$, and jo all 
^nt, Hciod.libi7. 

Ikc^Lacedtmmsms yceld, 

TAi( manner offJsrJj}- 
W£ diueis Ctm-.-ndcn tt 
be cbitfL-infue:' y _" «».« m 
tbofi times mil: bvfiJ. 





The Laccdtmonhns yccld 
vpthcit Amies, and arc 
ried prrfontis to 

The r.umbar of the flain, ] 
andot thcprJloncri. I 

Theyeldingof the liut- 
d<tmmtam was contrary 
10 the opinion bad of 
their Tcrcuc. 


the other s fliould niifcarry. Stypben^ and diofc that were A> 
with lilm, faid they would fend ouer to the Lued4momans 
in the Continent, to itnow what they there would aduife.. 
them to ; but xht Atheniam letting none goe thence, called 
for Heralds out of the Contuient j and the qucRion hauing 
beene twice or thrice asked, the laft, of the Lacedaemonians 
that came ouer from the Continent, brought them this 
Anfwer : The Laccdarmoniafts, bid you take, aduice touching 
^joitrfehns^fuch at.youfiiiU tlnnkegood^prouidedyou dos nothing 
difJjonoitrably. Whereupon hauing confulted, they yeeldcd 
xp thcmfelues and their Armes j and the Jthemam atten- B 
ded them that day,and the night following, with a watch. 
But the next day, after they had let vp their Trophic in 
the Hand, they prepared to bee gone, and committed the 
prilbners to the cullody of the Capraines of the Gallifs. 
And the Lacedaemonians fent ouer a Herald, and tooke vp 
the bodies of their dead. The number of them that were 
flaine and taken aliuein the Hand, was thus. There went 
ouer into the Hand in all, tburc hundred and twenty men 
ofx^rmcsjiof thefcwercfent away aliue, three hundred 
wanting eight, and the rcllflaine. Of thofe that liued, q 
there wereof theCitic it felfe of Sparta, one hundred and 
twenty. Of the A^henitmiherQ dyed not many, for it was 
no (landing fight. 

The whole time of the fiege of thefe men in the Hand, 
from the fight of the Gallies, to the fight in the Hand, 
wasyz.dayesj of whichjforzo. dayes, vi(5tuall was al- 
lowed to bee carried to them, that is toiay, in the time 
that the Ambafladours were away, that went about the 
Peace ; in the reft, they were fed hy fuch onely as put in 
thither by ftealth, and yet there was both Cornc and other j) 
food left in the Hand. For their Captaine Epitadas had 
diftributed it more iparingly then hee needed to haue 
done. So the Athenians and the ^eloponnefians departed 
from ^ylm, and went home both of them with their Ar- 
mies. Andthe promifeofC/<?o«, as fenieiefle as it was, 
tooke cffed: .- For within twenty daycshe brought home 
the men, as he had vndertaken. 

Ofall the accidents of this Warre, this fame fell out 
the moft contrary to the opinion of the Qrecitns.^OT they 
expected that the Lacedemonians (liould neuer, neither by E 
Famine,nor whatfoeuer other nccefsity, haue bin conftrai- 


The tuetttmimm prifo- 
ners kcpc in bond^ at 
Athens, to be made vie of 
in making the peace, or 
clfevpoii the lift iiiuafi- 
tlien to bring them forth onof/<;i; 

I Lib, ^, The Hijlory of T u v .c y d i d e s. ; 

A ned to delluer vp their Armes, but haue dyed with 
them in their hands, fighting as long as they had beenc 
able ; and would not belecuc that thole that yeelded, were 
like to thofe that were ILiine ; and when one afterwards, 
of the Aih'-nhin Confederates, asked one of the prifoners, 
by way of infulting, if they which were flaine, were vali- 
ant men ; heeanlwered, tLit a Spindle (meaning an Ar- 
row) deferued to bee valued at a high rate, if it could 
know who was a good man. Signifying, that the flaine 
were fuch as the Stones and Arrowes chanced to light 

B on. 

After the arriuall of the men.thc Athen'ums ordcrcd^that 
they fhou Id be kept in bonds, till there fhould bee made 
fom2 agreement," and if before that, the Pehpomeftans 
flioul J inuade their Territory 

& kill them. They tooke order alfo in the fame Allerably, 
for the fettling of the Gar^fon at Pylm. And the Mejpni- 
a*!s of N-t'fpa8uij hauing fent thither fuch men of their own 
as were ficcetl for the purpofe,as to their natiueCouncrey, 
(for Pjhuh in that Countrey which belonged once to the 

C ,:M''iitmans)lnM\edL(tcoiiia with Robberies, and did them 
much other milchiefe, as being of the fame Language. 
The Lacedemonians, not hauing in times paft beenc ac- 
' quainted with robberies, and fuch Warre as that, and be- 
cauf! their HWof^ranneouer to the Encmie, fearing alfo 
fom^ greater innouation in the Countrey, tooke the mat- 
ter much to heart j and though they would not bcknownc 
of it to the Athenians, yet they fent Ambafladours, and en- 
deuoured to get the rellitution both of the Fort of Tylus, 
and of cheir men. But the Athenians aipired to greater mat- 

D ters ; and the A mballadours, though they came often a- 
bout it, yet were alwayes fent away without effed:. Thcfc 
were the proceedings at Fylus. 

Prefencly after this, the fame Summer, the Athenians 
with 8o. Gallies, of ArmeS of their own City, 
and ioo.Horfc, in boats built for traniportation of Hor- 
fes,made War vpon the Territory of Corinth. There went 
alio with them, Mikflans, Amirians, and Qaryflians of their 
Confederates. The Generall of the whole Army was A'i- 
cids the jonHe of Nicsratus, with i . other in Commifsion with 

E him. Betimes in a morning , they put in at a place 
betweene Cherfonejw and Rheitus, on that fliore, aboue 


Nie'ias watreth in the 
Territory of Cw«/i with 




The Cww/Wi«jhearing 
ot thcjr comming, alicm 
blc chcir toices (o hinder 
thcu landing. 

The Athmam and Ccrin- 
ihiam fight. 

• A hjirnt auitf:mcd :o i 
fimgy mc before Btttill, as 
tha after viHvfyi 

which ftandeth the Hill Solygiw, whereon the Dorians in A 
old time fate downc, to make Warre on the Corintbians in 
theCitie of Corinth, that yvere then /Eoliam, and vpon 
which there Ilandeth now a Village, caUed. alfo Sdy^a^ 
From; the fliore whgte the Galiies came in,this Village is 
diibno twenty fur-longs, and-tjieCitie of 'Corinth, fixtic, 
and the ////;wt« twenty. The-QrinihiMs hzuin^ long be- 
fore fro^ii ^r^os had intelli^gjeiijCe, that an. Armie of the 
^'?/j<»W(i/if was comming againtlthemj came all of thpm 
with their forces to the ljthmttf,( i^due one^y Juch as dwelt 
without the Iflbmiu, and fiuc hundred Garrifon Souldiers, B 
abfent mAmbraciadnd. Leiicadi(i)^\\ thereftof military age 
came forth, to attend the Athetiians, where they fliould put 
ni., B,ut when the LAthemarts hid put toiliprein the night 
vnfeene, and that aduertifemcut thereof was giuen them 
by fignes put vp into the ay re, they left the one halfe of 
their Forces in Cenchrea, lett the u^ fhould goe a- 
gaiail(/(?r«wj>o;?3and with the other halfe made haile to 
meece them . Battwt, one of their Commanders, (for there 
were two of them prefent at the BattellJ vs^ith one Squa- 
dron, went toward the Village o^Solygia, being an open C 
one, to defend it •• and Lycopbr on with the refl: charged the 
Enemie. And firllthey gauetheonfetonthe right wing 
of the Athenians, which was but newly landed before Cher- 
lone[m, and afterwards they charged lifcewife the reft of 
the Armie. The Battell was hot, and at hand-ftroakes ; 
And the right wing of the Athenians and Caryflians (for of 
thcfeconfitlcd their vtmoft Files) fuftained the charge of 
the Corinthians, and with much adoe draue them backe. 
But as they ret.yred, they came vp, (for the place was all 
rifmg ground) to a dry Wall, and from thence, being on D 
the vppcr ground, threw downe (tones at them ; and after 
hauing fung the * Poem, came againe clofe to them; whom 
v/hen the .Athenians abode, the Battell was againe at hand- 
l\roikes . But a certainc Band of Corinthians that came in,to 
the aydc of their owne left wing, put the right wing of 
the S^iheniars to flight, and chafed them to the Sea-fide. 
But then from their Galiies they turned head againe, both 
the Athenians, and the Caryflians. The other part of their 
Armie .continued fighting on both fides, cfpccially the 
right wing of the Corinthians, where Lycophron fought a- E 
gainll tile left wing of the Athenians - for they expected 
:L :!,/ that 

Lib.^. The Hiflory of Thy c J Di^DES, 

A tliat the Athenians would attempt to goc to Soly^ht ; fo they 
held each other to it a long time, neither fide gluing 
ground. But in the end (for that the Athsnims had Hprk 
men, which did them great Icruicc, feeing the other had 
none) th« Corinthians were put to flight, and retired to the 
Hill, where they lalddownc their Armcs, and defcended 
no more, but there reded. In this Retreat, the greatcll 
partof their right wing was flaiuc, and amonglt others, 
Lycophro^i, one of the Generals. But therelt ot the Army 
being in this manner, neither much vrged, nor retiring in 

g much halle,when they could do no other ,made their Re- 
treat vp th^ Hill,& there fatcdownc. The A.henims feeing 
thorn come nomoredowne to Battel/ifled the dead bodies 
of the Enemy, and tookevp their ownc, and prefently e- 
recSted a Trophic on the place. That halfe of the Corin- 
thia-is that lay at Cenchrea, to watch the Athenians, that 
they went not againll C/ommyon, law not this Battel!^ for 
the HillO^imw 5 but when they faw the dud, and fo knew 
what was in hand, they went prefently to their ayde : fo 
did alio the * old men o^ Corinth from the Citic,when they 

Q vnderdood how the matter had fucceedcd. The Athenians , 
when all thefe were. commingvpon them together, ima- 
gining them to hauc been the fuccours of the neighbouring 
Cities ot'Tslopomefui, retired fpeedilj to their Gallies j car- 
rying with them the booty, and the bodies of their dead, 
alllauetvvo, which not finding, they left. Being aboard, 
they eroded ouer to the Hands on the other fide, and from 
thence ^ fent a Herald, and fetched away thofe two dead 
bodies which they left behinde. There were ilaine in this 
battell, Corinthians, two hundred and tweluc,and Athenians, 

Y) fomcwhatvnder fifty. 

The AibchiMs putting off from the Hands, fayled the 
fime day to Crommyon, in the Territory of Corinth, didant 
from the City a hundred and twenty Furlongs.- where 
anchoring, they waded the Fields, and dayed all that 
night. The next day, they failed along the fhore, fird to 
to the Territory oiEpidaiirw, whereinto they made fome 
little incurfion from their Gallies 5 and then went to Mc- 
thon ',bztwcmt Epidaurm mid Tros'^ien, and there tooke in 
the Iflhmus of Cherfomefus with a Wall, and placed a Gar- 

ti rifoninir, which afterwards exercifed robberies in the 

Territories of Trxsien, Halias^ and Epidaurm 5 and when I 

they I 


The Curiml'iim are put to 

the Corinthians ofmilwvy 
age mrtcomi forth. 

* To fetch iff the dead ^ a 
Htratd, twos a canfijimn tf 
bmglhen>e]l(eri hut yet 
rowunce the repiitatun of 
viciay, then omit an a^ »/ 
f:ety. Bcfides, the peopk 
looh^e menMitauJly lUthe neg- 
U ft efthe dead bedtis, at 
meyaf peart by their fcntence 
on the Laptairm after the 
BaueU at A'gmupe. 
The ^theniafisvtz&e other 
pares of the fane Ceafl, 

2;8 I The Hiflorj o/^Thvcydides. Lib. ^. 

The execution of the 
Coicyi*:i I baniOied men, 
and end ot Uiai i'cdiciun. 

Truce grnnted to the 
bini(hid men, with coa 
iltioti ihacihs lame 
Ih luld net voydjif any of 
them oftcred to uukc an 1 

The fraud of the Cmtyre- 
ans to cntrappc the ba- 
niibed men. 

The truce broken, and 
t!ic -uilawct put into 
thr hands of the Com' 

The Cwfrr-mttaice'the 
Outlawcs out by Icorcs, 
anil make them paH'e thi 

chty haa toitified this place, tiiey returned home with A 
their Fleet. 

About the fame rime that thcfe things were in doing, 
Eurmedon and Sopboclef, after their departure from Pylia 
with the Athenian Fleet, towards 5/a7v, arriuing at Coycyra, 
io) ned with thofe of the Cicie, and made Warre vpon 
thofe Corcyrtt.inSy wliich lay encamped vpon the Hill /- 
(lons^ and which, after the Jredition,had come ouer,and both 
made themfclues mailers of the Field, and much annoyed 
the Citie .- and hauingallaulted their fortification.tookeic. 
But the men all in one troupe, efcaped to a certaine high B 
ground, and thence made their compofition, which was 
this J Toat thsy (hould deliuer "Pp ths Strangers that ayded them, 
and that they themfelues, hauing rendred thtir ArmiSy /bmldfiand 
to the iudgsYnsnt of the People of Athens. H.'ereupon the 
Generals granted them truce, and tranfported them to the 
Hand of Ptycbiay to bee there in cullodie till the Athenians 
(hould fend for them j with this condition. That if any one 
of them (hould be taken rmning away^ then the, truce to bee broken 
for them ail. 

But the Patrons of.thc Commons of C^rcyra^ fearing q 
left the c>^r/;^w>« would not kill them when they came 
thither, deuifeagainlt them this plot. To fome few of 
thofe in the Hand, they fecretly fend their friends, andin- 
ftrudl them to fay, as if,forfboth, it were for good will, 
that it was their beftcourfe, with all fpeed, to get away, 
(and withall, to offer to prouide them of a Boat) for that 
the ^r/;(ff7M3 Commanders intended verily to deliuer them 
to the Corcyrxan people. 

When they were perfwaded to doe ib:, and that a Boat 
was treacheroufly prepared, as they rowed away, they D 
were taken, and the Truce being now broken, were all 
giuen vp into the hands of the Corcyr^ans^ It did much fur- 
ther this Plot, that to make the pretext leeme more fcri- 
ous, and the agents in it lefle fearefuU, the Athenian Gene- 
rals gauc out, that they were nothing pleafed that the 
men fliould be carried home by others, whileft they them- 
felues were to goe into Sicih, and the honour of it be afcri- 
bed to thofe that Ihould conuoy them. The Co-cyraans 
hauingreceiued them into their hands, imprifbned them 
in a certaine Edifice, from whence afterwards they tookc £ 
them out by twenty at a ^time, and made them paflc 


L i b . 4,;. The Hiflory ofT. ft v c tp i* n t sf . 

A through a Lane gf men of Armes, bound together^ and rc- 
cciiiing llroakcs.atid thrul\*i from choie on cycherfide, ac- 
cording as any one efpyed his Kncniic. And cohallen the 
pace ot thole th^t went (lowlied on, others were fee to 
foli^Hv them with Whips. 

^h(iy had taken out of the Roomein this manner, and 
llaine, to the number of threefcorc, before they that re- 
mained knew it, who tliought they were but rcmoucd, 
cind carried to fome other place. But when they knew 
i[\^ truth, Ibme or otherhauing told them, they then cry- 

B ed out to the Atheniam, and faid, that if they would them 
kiucs kill them, they ftiould dot it ,• and refufed any more 
to go out of the Roome.nor would fuffer^they long 
as they were able, any man to come in.But neither had the 
Corcyr^ans any purpoie to force entrance by the doore, but 
getting vp to the top of the Houfe, vncouered the roofc, 
and threw Tyles, and fhot Arrowes at them. They in 
prifpn defended themfelues as well as they could, but ma- 
ny alio fljw themfelues with the Arrowes fhot by the 
Knemie, by thrulling them into their throats, and llran- 

C gled themlelucs with the cords of certaine beefs that were 
intheRoome, and with ropes made of their owne gar- 
ments rent in pieces. And hauing continued moll: part of 
the night, (for night ouertooke them in the action) partly 
llrangling themfelues, by all iuch meanesas they found, 
and partly fhot at from aboue, they all perifhed. When 
day cam.r, the Corcyr^ans laid them one * acrolle another 
in Carts, and carried them out of the City. And of their 
Wiues,as many as were taken in the Fortification, they 
made bond- women. In this manner were the Qorcyrccum 

D that kept the * Hill, brought to deltru<5iion by the Com- 
mons. And thus ended this farre-fpred fcdition, lor lb 
much as concerned this prefent Warre ; for of other fedi- 
tions there remained nothing worth the relation. And 
the AtbaiLms being arriued in Sicily, whither they were at 
firll bound, profecuted the Warre there, together with 
the reft of their Confederates of thofe parts. 

In the end of this Summer, the Achemans that lay at 
Naupa^iits^ went forth with an Armie, and tookc the City 
o^* A laBorium, hdong'mg to the Corinthians, and lying at 

E the mouth of the ^mbracidnGu\k, by Treafon. And 
when they had put forth the Corinthians, the Jcarnmians 



goc out (0 execution^ 

They kill chemrduti. 

. 1^ jilUU V/3U«Ktl 

The miferable end ef the 
baniflied men, which was 
alio the end of the fedi- 

*pef(uiJ^v, fgniftcth pre- 
ptrly, after the ituhtntr that 
Aiatun Hmdkt ate flatted. 

• Tfton«; 

The Athentioii t»kc Aiei- 
IhriumUom the Cormthi- 
!'.•<, andputit into the 
liands of the Acanimms 
' This Citylifhoged to the 
Corcyri'ahs undCoiin- 
hisns in commo>i, but a 
citptmes the men th^twcre 
and foffeffe It alone: 
aid thofe Corcyraranj ' 
tfrought the Stdn'um befote 


TheHiJtoryofTnycrDiD^s. Lib.4.. 


.4x sphrKi in Atnbaffa- 
dciir tioni the l^w^ tfPct- 
fu 10 the UceiU'! f::niis, 
intf :tcptcd,and brought 
CO AthtKi,zu^\u% Lcttcii 

TlnKiRgofPfrjEt-J Let- 
ter* 10 the 



The Cfc;«s are ^'peScd, 
andforcedto pnlldov/nc 
tbcit new built Walks. 

The Eighth 

1l\ettiVt£n Outlawcs 
makcwarre vpon the 
Alhtmsni dorr\'\niom, 
in the Continent 
Qccrc Luittu 

'Littorilet, CUjcs/cituatt 
on tilt Sctjhnit ' 

held it with a Colonic fcnt thither from all parts of their A 
ownc Nation. And fo this Summer ended. 

7'he next Winter, Ariftides the Ibnne of Archippui, one 
of the Commanders of a Fleet which the Athenians had 
font out to gather Tribute from their Confederatcs',apprc- 
hcnded Artaphernes a Perfian, in the Towne of Eion^ vpon 
the Kiucr Strmon, going from the King to Laced,er»on. 
When he was brought to ui^^^wj, the Athenians tranflatcd 
his Letters out ohhc .^J?yrian Language into Greeke, and 
read them : wherein, amongft many other things that 
were written to the laadAmonians, the principall was this, B 
That hce knexp not ypbat they meant ; for many Ambaljadours came, 
tut they jpdki not the fame things . 7/ therefore they had any thin^ 
to fay certaine, they (Jmdd (end {omebody to him, ivith this Pcr- 
fian. But ^rtapbcrnes they fend a fterwards away in a Gal- 
lic, with Ambafladours of their ownc, to Ephefiu* And 
there encountering the newes, that King ^rtaxerxesy the 
the lonne of Xerxes, was lately dead, (for about that time 
he dyed) they returned home. 

The fame Winter alfo, the Chians dcmoliflied their 
new Wall, by command of the Athenians, vpon fufpition C 
that they intended fome iunouation, notwithdanding they 
\\^<i^m:nt\\t Athenians their faith, and the beft fecurity 
they could, to the intent they (liould let them bee as they 
were. Thusendedthis Winter, and the feuenth yecrc of 
this Warre, written by Thucydidcs. 

The next Summer, in the very beginning, ac a change 
oftheMoone, the Sunne was eclipfed in part; and in 
tlie beginning of the fame Moneth, happened an Earth- 

At this time, the Mitylenianfind othtvLeshian Outlawcs,D 
raoftofthemrefidingin the Continent, with mercenary 
Forces out oi^doponnefm, and fome which they leauied 
where they were, feaze on Rhoetium, and for two thoufand 
Phocean Staters, render it againe, without doing them o- 
therharmc. After this they came with their Forces to 
^ntand.r, and tookc that Citie alio by Treafon. They had 
lifccwifea Defigne, to fet free the relt of the Cities called 
*^(^^f, which were in the occupation formerly of the Mi~ 
tylcnians, but fubicct to the Athenians : but abouc all the 
rdi, y^ritander, which when they had once gotten, (for E 
there they might eafily build Gallies, bccaufe there was 


Lib. ^. ^h H'tftory ofT! h v c y b i d e s. 

A ftoreoflnnber; ahd mount ;</4 was aboue their heads ) 
they might iilue from chcnce with other tlicir preparati- 
on , and infell Le{bQi which was nccrc , and bring into 
their power the ^Eolique Towncs in the Continent. And 
this wc£C chofe men preparing. 

The .yithi;ni(tns the fame Summer, with fixty Gallics, 
looo men of Armcs, and a few horfemen , taking with 
them alfo the Able/tans, and fomc other of their Confede- 
rates made Warre vpon Cytbera, vnder the Conducft of 2V/ 
ciasthe [onns of Nicer atw, "bUcoflratm the [onne of Diotret>hes, 

B and Aiuocksthefome of Tolmaw. This * Cythcni is an Hand 
vpon the Coafl o^LAcomn; oucr againd Mdea. The In- 
habitants be L^c^^-^wowVwj, of the fame that dwell abbut 

And cueryyeerc there gocth ouervnto them ^vom Spar- 
ta a Magiitrate called * Cytberodices, They likcwife lent 
ouermen of Armes from time to time, to lie in Crarrifori 
there, and tooke much care of the place. For it was the 
place where their * fhips vfed to put in from ^^ypt , and 
Libin^ and by which Laconia was the. lelfe^infciied by 

C theeues frojii the Sea, bciiig that way onely fubied: to 
that mifchiefe. For the Hand lyeth wholly out, into the 
Sicilinn and Creticke Scas; The ^tber>iayij»'^^m\M.n^ with 
their Army, with ten of their Gallies, andiooO men of 
Armes of the S^ile^ms , tooke a towne lying to the Sea, 
called Scnndeft^zuA with the reft of their forccs,hauing lan- 
ded in the parts of the Hand towards Malea^ marched into 
the Citie it felfe of the Cythereans,\y'mg likcwife to the Sea. 
The Cj^/kz-^^j^i they found ftandingaliin Armcs prepared 
for them . and after the battell began , the Qthereans foi- 

D a little while made rcfiftance ; but foone after turned their 
backs,and fledjinto the higher part of the Citic ,• and after- 
wards compounded with Nicia^ and his fellow-Comman- 
ders, To^f the * Athenians fhould determine of them wbatfoeuer 
they thougbt ^oodjhut diatb. Nicinf had had Ibme conference 
with certainc of the Qytbereans before 5 which was alfo a 
caufe that thofe things which concerned the accord both 
now and afterwards,were bodi the fooiier , and with the 
more fauourdifpatched.For the^//;tf»7/4ffidid but remouc 
the Cythereans , and that alfo bccaufc they were Laced^moni- 

E (ins, and becaufe thelland lay in tharmancrvpon the coaft' 

o'i Ldconia.Aktt this compofitioii^hauing-as they went by 

I i rcceiued 


7 he /lihcnhm If d l.y li 
^i, fubduc C)'f"fo,3'' 
Hand ouerag.iin(l/«f 
7iia,ind inhaLucd by 

• N«Vf Cerigo^ 


round fiitmeKfb"ilciir:^ 

The Cytbeream yecld to 
iVid<M,rcfcfring them- 
Iclucs CO the people of 
Athem for any thing 
but death. 
» T/;( AchenianpM^/f, 

Tlie Atheniii/isremt)uc 
them from tlisjricati,. 

z^z j The Hi/lory a/T h v c t b 1 1) e s. Lib.^.. 

The laccdtrnrnm begin 
to be deleted with their 
great loffcs. 

* SpliafteriajWJifr? jfcfir 

mLnvcre ttl^cn,tndiiirini 

"Tfc*Lacedxmetiian$ ft 
lycd or,f!) tn their armed 
footmen,or men of Armes,m 
xpbofc vslout and )<[(fi in 
fight, they gleritd much, as a 
femlur virtue, and as for 
b<iiferKen,avd li^ht-trrred 
Sauldiai^the) rr.ndetejfercc- 
l^r.mgjnd enelj vfedfuch 
tflkewiM wete tronght in 

* Spbafitri4.\ 

The AtbemarnyinRcihc 

* So caUedfdOn xi(M< r,* 
HMOiy becMft n n full if 

rcceiucd Scandea.z Towne l)'ing vpon the Haucn,and put a A 
guard vpon the Cpherems.thty fayled to J/Fw^Scmoft of the 
Townes vpon the Sea-fide. And going fometimcs a-land, 
and rtaying where they faw caufe , wafted the Countrey 
for about feuen daycs together. The Lacedemonians 
though they faw the Athenians had Cythera , and expeftcd 
withall that they would come to Land , in the fame 
manner , in their ownc Territory, yet came not foorth 
with their vnited forces to rcfiLt them j but diflribu- 
ted a numberof menof Armcsinto iundry parts of their 
Territory , to guard it wherelbcuer there was need, B 
and ivere ocherwifc alfo exceeding watchfull, fearing left 
forae innouation ftiould happen in the State; ashauing 
receiued a very great and vncxpc(5tcd lofle in the * lland, 
and the ^4thenians hauing gotten Pylus znd (Cythera , and as 
being on all fides encom palled with a bufie and vnauoyda- 
ble Warre j In fo much that contrary to their cuftome 
they.Qrdayned40o *Horfcraen,and fo me Archers. And if 
cuer they were fcarcfull in matter of Warre , they were 16 
now jbecaufeiti was contrary to their ownc way, to con- 
tend in aiJ^^auall Warre, and againft Athenians^ who C 
thought they loltwhatfocuerthcy-not attempted. With- 
^ijtheir fo ma«y mif-fortunes, in fo fhort a time , falling 
out, fq contrary to their owne cxpe(aation , exceedingly af- 
frighted them. And fearing left fdme fuch calamity 
Ihould againe happcn,as they had receiued in the * Hand, 
they durft the kflc to hazzard battell 5 and thought that 
whatfoeuer they Ihould goe about, would mifcarry , be- 
cau ffr their mindes not vied formerly tolofles, could now 
warrant them nothing. Aytht Athenians therefore wafted 
thc: Maritime parts of the Country, and disbarkcd neere a- D 
ny Qarrifon,thofe of the Garrifon for the moft part (lirred 
no£,both as knowing themfelucs fingly to be too finalla 
num.bcr,, being in that maner deiedtcd. Yet one Gar- 
rifon fought aboiit Cortyta, and Aphrodifia , and frighted in, 
the draggling rabble of light armed Souldiers, but when 
the m^n of Armcs had receiued theni, it rctyred againe, 
with the lofle of a few whom they alfo rifled of their 
Armes. • And thc Athenian-s^i^tci: they had ere(S:ed a Tro- 
phie,, put off againe, and went to Cyth^r/t. From thence 
they fayled about to Epidaiiria , called * Limera , andE 
hauing wafted fome part of that Territory , came to 
;vs.:. • Tfjyrea, 

Lib.ij.. The HiJloryo/TavGip IDES. 


A Toyrea, which is of the Territory called Cynuria, but is iie- 
uertlielcile the middle border betvveeiie y^rgia and Lacoma. 
The Lacedemonians poflefsing this Citie^ gaue tjie fame 
for an habitation to the ^"^/wff^, after they were driuen out 
of ^^//>;.t, both for the benefit they had receiuad from 
theni, about the time of the Earthquake, and of the infur- 
rec^tion of the Helou s, and alfo for that being fubie(5l to the 
Atbmians, they had neuerthelefle gone eucr the fame way 
with the Lacedaemonians. When the ^thcnia-fis were 
comming towards them, the .i.ginei£ left the Wall which 

B they hapncd to be then building toward the Sea-fide, and 
retired vp into the Citie abouc, where they dwelt, and 
which was not aboue tenne Furlongs from the Sea. 
There was alfo with them, one of thole Garrifons which 
the Lacsd.monians had diftributed into the feuerall parts of 
the Couutrey, and chefe, though they helped them to 
build the Fort bclDw,yet would not now enter with them 
into the Towne,(though the J^gineu intreated them) ap- 
prehending danger in being coopt vp within the Walles ; 
and therefore retiring into the higheft ground, lay dill 

Q there, as finding themfclues too weake to giue them Bat- 
tell. In the meane time the Athsnians came in, and march- 
ing vp,prefently, with their whole Armie, won ThyreHi 
and burnt it, and deftroyed whatfoeuer was in it. The 
Agineu, as many as were not flainc in the affray, they car- 
ried priibners to Athsns 5 amongft whom Tantalus alfo,the 
fonnc Q^Patroclwy Captainc of luch Laced^moniar^s as were 
amongft them, was wounded, and taken aliue. They car- 
ried Hkewife with them ibme few men of Cythera, whom 
for fafeties lake they thought good to remoue into forac 

D other place. Theje therefore, the ^theniam decreed, fijould 
h placed in the* Hands, ^ndthat the reft of the Cythereans, 
at the Tribute offoure Talent Sy (hould inhabite their owne Terri- 
torie. That the y£ginctCE, oj many as they had taken, (out of 
former inucteratehatredJ/Z'0«/^/'^^^ttjfo death. And 
Tinta\usJIjould be put in bonds amongft thojc I.accdsemonians 
that were taken in the ^Iland. 

In Sicily the fame Summer, was concluded a ceflation of 
Arines,fir(l,bctweenethe (^amariruans and the Celoans. 
But afterwards the reft of the Sicilians, aflembling by 
E their AmbaiTadours out of eucry City at Gela, held a Con- 
ference amongft themfelues, for making of a Peace .- 
I i 2. wherein, 

The AthiTKixm burnc 7ly- 
rw, flay and make prilo- 
ncrsofajlthc Inhalij- 

Tun'.dm a laccdxmm'mn. 
Captainc earned priTd- 
iier to Alhem-, 

The Decree of the Athe- 
ritan people concerning 

the Cy^hcrcam^ihc JEmct* 
taken in Thpea, and Tart ■ 
talm a Laie.i^monlix that 

i was amongft them. 

i * CyiUdci. 
Tilt AgincU put to 

' Spha^eria, 

The Siciliam wAe a 56- 
nei ai! pea;r,by the ad- 
iiicc of Hefmacta'.ci, and 
k difmifie i'as AtheTUini, 
that waited to take ad • 
iiantatre difcord. 


The H'tjlory o/T^h v c y d i d e s. Lib.4., 

wherein, after many opinions deliuered by men dilagree- A 
ing, and requiring lacisfa(ftion, eueryone as hee thought 
himfclfe prciudiced, Hermocraus the lenne of Bmnun, a 
5)Ma</frt«, who alio preuailed with them the mod, ipakc 
vnto the Aflembly, to this efted:. 

MOC\RJTES for ?c:icc, 

MEN of Sicily, lam neither of tbc haj} Qiie, nor of the 
moft afflided yvith Warre, that am now to ^eake, and to B 
deliuer the opinion iohich I take to conduce moft la the common be- 
nefit oj all Sicily. Touching Warre, how calamitous a thin? it is^ 
toychai end fijould a man, particularising theeuils thereof make a 
long^eech before men that already krjorp it ? For neither doih the 
not knowing of them necejfitate any man to enter into Warre^nor the 
feare of them, ditiert any man from ity tvhen he thinkes it yeill turne 
to Ms aduantage. But rather it fofalles out, that the one thinkes 
the gains greater then the danger \ and the other prefers danger he- 
fore prefent lop. But leafl iheyjhould both the one and the other 
doe it 'i;nfeajonablyi exhortations '^nto peace' are profitable^ and q 
will be '■very much worth to n^/Sy if we will follow them, at ih^ pre- 
fent. For it tvas out of a defire that euery Qitie had to afure their 
owne, both thatwefeS ourfelues into the Warre, and alfo that wee 
endeuour now, by reasoning the matter, to retiirne to mutual} ami- 
ty. Wl:i''h ifit]ticceednotfo-9i>eUj that we may depart fatufied e- 
ttery man with reafon, wee will be at Warres againe. Neuertheleffe 
you mufi kno'^f}^ that tbu Ajfembly, if we be ipije, ought not to bee 
onely for the commodity of the Cities in particitlar, but how to pre- 
ferueSicAy in generally now fought to bee fubdued (at leafi in my 
opinion) by the Athenians. Andyou ought to tbinke, that the A- jy 
thenians are more Drgent perfyoaders of the Teace then any 
yi-ords of mine ; yoho hauing, of all the Grecians, the great efi 
power Jye here with afewGallies,toobJcrueourcrrours, and by 
a lawful! title oJalliance,hanJomely to accommdate theirnaturall ho- 
fiility, to their befl aduantage. For ijyoee enter into a Warre, and 
caQin thefe men, who are apt enough to bring their Mrmie h, a>n- 
called^ and if we weaken ourfelues at our owns charg(S, and withall 
cut out for them the dominion here, it is likely^ when they /Jjall 
fee rvs (pent, they willfometimc hereafter come ypon tj, with a 
greater Fleet, and attempt to bring all the[e States int$ their fub- E 
ieBion. Now, ifype were wife, ype ought rather to caH in Confe- 

Lib. zj.. ^fhe Hijlory ofT wv c\t did es, 

A derates ^ and vnder^oc dangers, for thefuhviin^ of fomewhat Is 
none of ours, then for the empayrift^of what wc already banc ; .i;/J to 
beleeue, that nothing fomuch defiroyes a Citie cls Sedition -.and that 
SiCi\y\ though T^ee the inhabitants thereof bee infidiated by the A. 
thenians , as one body, is ncuerthelejfe Citid againft C itic in Sediti- 
on within it felje. Inioutcmplation whereof li>ee oi^glt, man with 
vian,and f^itie^ith Citie^ to retnme againe into amity, and with 
oneconjent , to endemur the fafety of all 6'ic.ily ; and not tohatie this 
conceit^ that though the * Dorians be the Athenians enemies, yet 
the * Chalcideans arefafe, as beingof the race of the lonians. 

B i^or they inuade not thefe diuided races, a^pon hatred of a fide, but 
'Vpon a cone tons defire ofthofe necefsities which we enioy in common. 
Jndthis they haue prouedthemfelnes , in their comming hither to ayde 
the Chilcid^^ms. For though they neuer receiued any aide by \>er 
tue of their League, from the i.l\\2\cid2zns, yet haue they on their 
part heene more forward to helpe them, then by the League they were 
bound Vnto. Indeed the Athenians, that couet and meditate thefe 
things ^are to be pardoned. I blame not thofe that are willing to r eigne, 
but thofe that are mo[l yptUingto he fubieil. For it is the_ nature of 
man, euery T^here to command Juch a^giue way, and to beflxye offuch 

C as afjaile. Wee are too blame, that know this, 'ajid doe hot prouide 
accordingly;, and make it our frfl care of all, th^thkcgood order againfl 
the common feare. OfTt?hich''&^eefhouldfoonbbec deliuered, if'^ee 
y^ould agree amongst our flues. For f/;e Athenians coine not a- 
gainft'vs oat of their oft>neCountrey, but from theirs here, thathaue 
called them in. And fo,not "^arre by Warrc, but all our quarrels fl:>all 
be ended by peace, without trouble. And thofe thathaue beene cal- 
led in, 06 they came with faire pretence to iniure ys,fofl)a!l they with 
jaire reajon bee difmiffed by <vs "Without their errand. And thus much 
for the profit that l^ill be found by aduifing "Rifely concerning the A- 

\y chenians. 'But when Teaee is confeffed by aH men to be the befl of 
things, why f^otdd '^ee not make it alfo in rejpefl of our felues ? Or 
doe you tinnke perhaps, if any ofyou poffeffe a good thing, orheepref- 
fedTvith an eudlythat^cace is not better then Warre, to re^noue the 
later, or prefer ue the former , to both? or that it hath not honours, 
and eminence more free from danger? or iphatfoeuer elfe oiie rnifht 
difcourfe at large concerning Warre ? Which things confidercd, you 
ought not to make light of my adujce, but rather makt vfeofit^ euery 
one to prouide for his ol?ne fafety. lSlol» iffome man bee/lron^ly con- 
ceited to goe through withfome dejigneefhis, be it by right or by vio. 

E lence, let him take heed that hee failenot,JQ much the more to his 
griefe, as it is contrary to his hopeiknQTifing tbat many men ere no"))?, 

hunting ' 

____^ — _____^ : c* ' 


• Tki Dorians and loni- 
imaie Ipno SMiom, out of 
whid) almojl ail il^e pciple ./" ' 
Greece fere dcfcendul. 
Tnc Chakiiicain arii/ A- 
thcuiansn'crf loiuans. 
Olid iljc Laccd^nionianv, ' 
and r/iu[l ol i'd^funni-iui 
v>ae Dorians. Hcnui' u 
that the ChalciJcans ,-//_;/;: 
be thiiHghi Ijf. , llui:i}i the 
Aihcnians inuackd i>ici]y, 
biii tbeVioiiiMUtl. 


The Hi/lory of Thv CYD IDES. Lib. 4.. 

hunting after re Hcn^e on fuchtu had done them imury , and others A. 
trujlmg byfowejlrength they haue had, to take atv ay unothers right , 
haue thefirfi/ortjin/ieadofbeifig reuenged,been deJJroycd , and the 
other, iu /lead of winning from others Jeft behind thein what they had 
of their owne. hor reuengejuccceds not according to Jujlice , as that 
hecaufe an iniury hath heene done jit Jlmdd therefore proJj>er^ ncr ii 
jlrength therefore fure , becaufe hopeful!. It is the iufiabili- 
ty of Fortune. that is moji predominant in things ts come, which though 
it be the moJl dccclueahk of all things yet aff cares to be the mofl pro- 
\fitahk. For ft>hikjl euery onefeare it alike, ipe proceed againfl each 
\ other Vith the grcaterprouidence. 2^oTi> therefore terrified doubly, g 
both with the impUcite feare oftheincertainty ofeuents, and "^ith the 
terrnur of the AthenidLUS pre/ent , and taking the fe for hindrances 
fufficientytohauemadenjscomefiortoffohat we had fcueraUy cen- 
ceiuedtoeffeBJiet <vs fend away our enemies that houer ouer ys , and 
make an eternaU peace amongfl our felues yOr if not that ^then a Truce ^ 
at leaf for as long as may be^and puto^our priaate quarrels to fame 
other time. Infummejet ys know this jthatfoUoHfing my counfell^e 
paH euery of vs haue our Qities free, tphereby being Mafiers of our 
felues,ti>e p>aU he able to remunerate according to their merit , fuch as 
doe njs good or harme. Whereas reieciing it and following the coun- r- 
fell of other s^our contention fl^all no more be hol^ to be reuenged , or at 
the befl^ifit be^Ti^e mufl be forced to become friends to our greatcfl 
enemies ^and enemies to fuch 04 we ought not. For my part , as Ifayd 
in the begmningj. bring to this the greatefl Qtie^and ^hich is rather 
anaffaylant then affayled j undyetforefeeing thefe things , I hold it ft 
to come to an agreement jand notfo to hurt our enemies ^as to hurt our 
felues more. 2^or yet through foolijh * ^ight "iaiUllooke tobefolloTlf- 
ed as abfolute in my tpill^and mafler of Fortune, which I cannot com- 
mandibutTi;ill alfogiue way^here it is reafon. yfndfo Ilooketherefi 
fiwulddoe as-^ell as L and that of your felues ^ and not forced to it by £> 
the enemy. For it is no dijhonour tobe ouercome kinfmen ofkinfmen, 
one Dorian of another 'Domn ■ and one Chalcidcan 0/ another 
of his oti)ne race ^or infum.^ any onehy another of ys. being neighbours^ 
and cohabiters of the fame Region ^encompaffed by theSea,and all cal- 
led by one name Sicilians, Who^as Iconceiue^Vtll both warre when 
it happens ^and againe by common conferences make peace fy our owne 
felues. 'But y^hen Forrainers inuade ys,wefl)all^ (/ ^'{/^ , "^"'^^ ^^^ ^f 
ys to encounter them ; in as much as being weakned fngly^ wee are in 
danger yniuerfally . As for ('on federates, let ys neuer hereafter, call 
in any, nor Arbitrators. Forfofjall SicWy attains thefe t1i>o bene- £ 
fits, to heriddeofthe Aih^n'ims.^andofDomeJlicjue Warre jor the 



^. TheHiJiory of T a Y c^ HIDE s» 

A prefentyand to bs inhitbited by our feluss ffith liberty , and k(fc 
infidiaPidby others f^rtbst'ms to come. 

Hermocrates hauing thus ipokcn , the Sicilians followed 
his aduice.and agreed amongll themfelucs, That the Warre 
jhould cea[e,euery one retaining fohatthey then prefently enioyed. 
And that ?«ir Camarina^ans fhould haue Morgandm, paying for 
thefarndynto-t^i^SytiCuClMs-'acertainefumme of money then 

a-feffcd.- - ..--^-''v:-- ; ■ 

T'hcy that were Confederates with the Athenians, cal- 

g ling fuch ohht-Mhsnians vnto them, as were in authority, 
told them that they alfo were willing to compound, and 
be comprehended in the fame Peace ; -And the Athenians 
approuing it , they did io-, and hereupon the Athenia:is 
departed out o( Sicily. The people of Athens, when their 
Generals came home baniflied two,namely ^ythadoria, 2nd 
Sophocles; and laid a Fine vpon the third, which was Eury- 
medon,2s men that might haiie fubdiied the cftates of sici 
ly, but had been * bribed to rcturne. So great was their 
fortune at that time, that they thought nothing ciould 

r erode chcm^but that they might haucatcliieued bdth'e'afic 
and hard entcrprifcs with great & (lender forces afikcThe 
caUfe whereof , was the vnreafonablc profperiry of mod 
of their defigncs,fubminifl;ting(lrength vntothefr'hdiie. 

The fame Summer the Msgareans in the Citle 6f 'M^^^- 
ra, pinched both by the Warre of the Ati;^nfa^s, vv^S'lMi- 
ded their Territory, with their whole ferces , cu,ety iee'rc 
twice ,and by their ownc Outlawes from^^/^', wh'6 in a 
fedition driuen out by the • Commons, grieubufly :if Aided 
them with robberics,began to talke one to anoth^irjiiovv it 

D was fit to call them home againe,and not to let rheir ,€i 
tie by both thefe meanes to be ruined. -The friends 'of 
thole without, perceiuing the rumour,-t*hey alfo,'^oi'e o- 
penly now, then before, required to haue it brought to 
Counfell, But feWb Patrons of the Co^mmons , fedi^ing that 
they with the- (ymmons , by reafpn of the Tnifericj th'ey 
were in.fhould-rioC be able t-o carry it againft the other 
ride,made an offer to Hippocrates thefonhe of' ^iriphrm^^'^nd 
Demojlhenes the-fffnne of ^rf//?/>^«jjr ,' Com'npanders t>f the 
Athenkn A^n\y X^d'^VmtT th^th the Oi^y,'a^. eftecmin^.th^t 
E cour-felcfl^ dangerous fortheimfeIues,'^then the r^dud:i6fi 
ofthofe whom they had before drideh&utV An^'ttiey 

_____L^ __^____ agreed^ 

Ihcfubaanccof tl-c 
cvnaitions ot the Peace 
in Sic:!}. 

i.''(v,an'J their Coium.iit- 
di-rs pumihcdasluipt. 
fled tu haue ku Ui'Ay. tor 
a bribe. 

* Saih'mgvuumortfrequcri 
mthe -.thi.nianwf/f" t,j:;l 
al thhtw\,ihem»< end ■n^i 

therofh'iit:fir //».'• a' 
Imrvt^ lorv, .fuitmir wih 
the pC6p!e,rvho UjMij't thul 
nothh'g vnai able /a nfifi 
ibffx.i«rvtr. , . 

The Athtntaiiii.nm^tx.o\ 
cake Mtgara by ticafon^ 

The heads of the Cotn- 
mons doe hinder ihc re- 
plotjthe betraying of the 
City to the Atbtmw, 


The Hijlorj of T HWCYD I de'^. Lib.if. 

The plot hid by the 
Traicorj for the puttinj 
of the /</'«•••"•> in W*^ 

•Tali llMdlyiigbtfore tie 
Hdum Nifxa, mtde iht 
P*r<.*u/ /ixAthcniani 
i{ept mi:,an otilmitry Omi- 
JoH,eucr fmce they tou^eit 
Htutn^ndifbttt vcfjih l-J 
mitJbntctiiUvt cuter. 

The plot of ilic Traitors, 
to§iue the .itbtnUm the 


but the Gain in the Long. 
waknttrt vnt» Nifxa, m 
if}(irei k) the yiirtim. 

mafi mttiui!,' 

The Aib/aUnt Wii> ib« 

part of Ki(^3,r*hch WM 
neertjl to ibti 0*te ij the 

agreed ,thac firfl, the Athenians lliould poiTefle thcmlclucs A 
of the Loti^-rvalls, ( thefc were about eight furlongs in 
length,and reached from the Citie to Nij^a , their Hauen) 
thereby to cut of the aide of t\\t^eIoponnefms, in hiiUa, in 
which (the better to allure S^egara to thefidej therfc lay 
no other Souldiers in Garrifon^but they. And then aftcr- 
wards,that thefe raen,would attempt to dcliuer them the 
City abouc,which would the more ealily fucceed, if that 
were effefted firil. The Athenians therefore,after all was 
done, and faid on both fides, and eucry thing ready, 
faylcd away by night to * Minoa, an Iland Qf the Megare- B 
anSiWlth 600 men of Armes led by Hippocrates , and fattc 
downeinacertainc pit, out of which Bricks had beenc 
made for the walles , and which was nqt farce off. But 
they that were with the other Commander Dsmofihcnes, 
light-armed PlaUans , and others called Peripoli, lay 
in ambulh at the Temple of Mars, not fo farre off as the for- 
mer. And none of the Citie perceiued any thing of this, 
but onely fuch as had peculiar care to know the paflages 
of this fame night. , When it was almoft day, the Megare- 
an Traitors did thus. Thcv had bcene accuiloracd long, q 
as men that went out for * booty,with leaue of the Magi- 
flratespfwhom they had obtained by good Offices , the 
opening of the * Gatcs,to carry out a little Boate, * luch 
as vyhcrein the watermen vfcd an Oare in either hand, and 
to conueigh it by night^downe the Ditch to the Sea -fide 
in a Cart ; and in a Cart tobring it backc againe , and fet it 
within the Gates J to the end that the Athenians which 
lay in Minoa, might not know where to watch for them, 
410 Boat being to be feene in the Hauen. At this time was 
that Cart at the Gates, which was opened according to d 
cu{lome,as for the * Boatc. And the ^theniansy feeing it 
( for fp it was agreed onjarofc from their Ambufh , and 
ran with ail ipeed,to get in before the Gates fiiould bee 
fhut againe,and to be there whilefl: the Cart was yet in the 
Gates and kept them open. And firft thofc ''Platxansy^nd 
Pivipoli, that were with Demp/ihenes^mnneiu, in tliat fame 
place where the Trophic is now extant ,- and fighting 
prcfcntly within the Gates ( for thofe Tjlopomefans that 
were * neerefl heard the ftirrc) the '^Plauans oucrcame 
thofe that refiflccl^and made good the Gates for the Mbe- E 
nimmcn of Armcs,that were com ming after. 


The Traitors g;ue aiicjice 

open the Gates and 
giue batceil. 


Lib. ^. ne Hifiory o/ T ii v c y d i d e s. I i^^ 

A After chis^hc Athenian Soult}iers,aschey entred^vvetit: vp '^ " 

eucry one to the vvall,and a few of tlie ^c^hponncfians chat 
were of the Garrifoii, made head, at firll, and foughr, and 
were fome of them naine,but the moll of them took their 
heelcs j fearing in the night,both the enemy that charged 
them,andalfo the traitors of the Mi-^^^r^r^w; that fought a- 
gaind them,apprchending that all the Me^nrdans in gene- 
rail had betrayed them. It chanced alio that the Athenian 
HeraldjOf his owne diferetion, made Proclamation, that if 
any 2A.e^arean would take part with the Athenian', ^<i fhould 

B come and lay downe his Armes. When the ^eloponmfiam 
heard this, they (layed no longer , but ferioufly beleeuing 
that they ioyntly warred vpon them , fled into hlif^ea. As 
foonc as it was clay,thc walls being now taken,and the M*- 
^^r^<j«j being in a tumult within the Citie, they that had 
treated with the Athenian s.znd with them,the reft as many i ^j^ 
as were confcious,faid it was fit to haue the gates opened, '•■. gh 
and to goe out and giue the enemy battell. JNTow it was a- 
greed on betvveene them,that when the*gates were open, 
t\i<z Aiheniam fhould rufli in And that thcmfelucs would be 

Q eafily knowne from the reft, to the end they might haue no 
harm done them^for that they would befmeare themfelues 
with fome ointment. And the opening of the gates would 
be for their greater fafety.For the 40^ o men of Armes of 
Athens ^znd 600 horfemen which according to the appoint- 
ment were to come to the, hauing marched all night,wcrc 
already a-rriucd.When they hadbefmeared themfelues and 
were now about the gates one of thofe who were priuy dif- 
couered the cofpiracy to theretl that wercnot.Thefe ioy- 
ning their ftrength,camc all together to the gates, denying 

D that it was fit to goe out to fight. (For that neither in for- 
mer times whe they were ftronger then now,durft they do 
fo) or to put the Citie into fo manifeft a danger. And laid, 
that if they would not be fatisfied , the battell fliould be 
there right. Yet they difcouered not that they knew of the 
pra(5i:ice,but only, as hauing giuen good aduiec , meant to 
maintaine it. And they ftayed at the gates^infomueh as the 
traitors could not perform what they intended. The Athe- 
«i;in Co manders,kno wing fbmecrofl'e accidenthad hapned, 
andthattheycouldnot take the Citie by aflault, fell to 

E cnclofmg oiNif^a with a wall, wliich if they could take 

before aydecame,thcy thought Mi-^^rii would the fooncr 

yeeld. Iron was quickly brought vnto them from Athens, 

Kk and 

The Treafott ijtcoueiei. 

Thf Athn'iofuh'iilngo^ 
Megaia,takt 7(ifea,ir\i 
ilerHolifliethths Long- 


' i^\tUt pjyt of I'tt lott^ 



£r;/i«faueth Megaro 
from being rendrcd to 
the^JiliHJBft.- -7- .r.V 

tta^as defircth to put 
hunlelfc into the City, 

rht I'ttrons eftheCtm- 

The Hijtoyy 0/ T h v,g y d i d e s. Lib. 4, 
and Marons,anJ whatfocuer els was neccflary . And bcgir^X 
ftin» at the *^ wall they had vvon,when they had built ctoiTe 
Duer to the other ride,from thence both wayes they drew 
iton to the Sea on either fide j^ij^a, and hauifi[> diftri- 
buted the worke amonglt the Army, as well theVVall as 
the Ditch,they ferued themfelues.of the ftones and briekes 
of the fuburbes,& hauing felled tr^es,and timber.they fup- 
plyed v/hat was defecTtiue, with aftrong Palillado 5 ■ the 
houfes alfo themfeluesofthe fuburbs, when they had put 
bn battlements, ferued chcm for^a fortification. Ail that 
day they wrought, the'next day about Eucning they 'had B 
within very little finiftied. But then,they that were in Nf- 
frf^,fecing themfelues to want viclualJ, (for they had none 
but what came day by day from the Citie aboueJ& with- 
out hope that the PeloponnefmscoxxXd quickly come tore- 
Ueue thcm,conceiuing alio tlut the Ivie^m-eans were their 
enemies,^ompounded with thc^Aihcnims on thefe termes. 
To be- di[mi{[ed eiisry one 6t a certainiranjofne in mofiy, to deUiier 
^'p their amesiimd the Laced^monians^^ijf/; the Captains , and 
'^hojoetier of them elje vp^mihm.taUat discretion oftbeAxh^- 
Wians, Haaing thusagreed^they went out And the Atheni- ^ 
'4/;j,when they had^tJoken onthtLonowah from the City. 
''^■Me^ara^ and takcn-in JSIif^c^, prepared for what was fur- 
dier to be- done. !Bra(idas the fonne of TeUis^z ''Lacedamomdh, 
happened at this time to be about5;V^o«and crmw?/>,prepa- 
^■ingofanarmy togointo T/;;w^And when he heard of 
fche taking of the Lon^-waU ,hznn^ what might become of 
the Teloponnelraas in Nfia, and leit Megara flltouid be won, 
-lent vntothe S(co?/>>^vwilling them to me^t him fpeedily 
'^vith their forces at Tripodil(us(sLVilh§G'Of^c^pgmf,fo cal- 
4€d,at the foot of the hill 9^M/j<f^ ) and mald^ed pr efently ^ 
himfelfe with 1700 menof armcsDfO>7«?/;, ^^oo oi Pblivu, 
c<5oo of 5/Vyo»,and thofcof bis owne^ll chat ^life-had yet le- 
'uicd ; thinking to haud found N/j^'<i'y«t^vntaken. Wheii he 
heard the contrary (for lie ^et firft cowards; Trfpodi(cu^ m 
fhenight}with 500 mencholi^noucof thcwhole army, 
Ibefore'new'es fhouldarriue of his c6mihg,he came vnfecne 
1 of the AthefiiMs that lay by the Sea fide; to the City of M^- 
(^/iv/t, pretending in W(>M, Sc intending alio in good earheft, 
if he could- kauc don^^ it,to atten^pd \'po M/^^,but dcfiriiig 
to get into ,^4^^^<t t^itbiifii-ltie ic,and f equiredto be let iii, E 
for that \\i was,hfe feidiin hope to recouer -NPfith But the 
Mf «^^rrrf*l''ka!i6ns barigift^y ^.ohc/^iei^he Ihould bring 
A ->' in 

Lib. ^. The Hijlory ofT h v c rix\D e ^k x I' 25 1 

AiathcOutkwes, andcallouttheiTi; the*ochcr, leM the 
CommonSjOUt of this, very feare.fliould alTaulc chem^wh^r 
by the City(beingac battell within it felfc.and the Athem- 
ans lying in vvaitfo ncerc)would be loIl,rcceiued him not, 
but rclblu-'d on both fides to fit Rill, and attend the fuc- 
celle. For both the one faction and the other expected, 
that the Athenians^znd thcfe that came to fuccour the City, 
would ioyne battell ; and then they might with more fii'c- 
ty, fuch as were the fauourcd lide, turne vnto them that 
had the victory . And Br a/tdoj, not preuaiKng, went backc 

g to the rell of the * Army.Betimcs in the morning,arnucd 
the S(^o//Vw5,hauing alfo intended to come to the aide of 
Af^^^rd,beforc ^Brafidtu fcnt, as cftceming the danger to 
concernc themfelues,and were then with their whole for- 
ces come forward as farrc as Tlntaa^ But when they had 
rcceiued alfo this meflage,thcy were a great deale the more 
encouraged ,• and fent iioo men of Armes, and 2.00 horfe, 
to B/-u,'/^/ii;,but went backc with the greater part of their 
^rmy. The whole Army being now together of no leiVe 
then 6000 men of Armes .And the Athenian men of Amies 

Q lying indeed in good order, about Nif^a , and the Sea i^idc, 
but the light-armed ftragghng in the Plaines , the Boeotian 
horlemen came vnexpecfted vpon the light-armed Soul- 
diers.and drouc them towards the Sea.For in all this time 
till noWjthere had come no aide at all to the Me^^areans 
from any place.But when the Athenian horfe wentliiewife 
out to encounter thcm,thcy fought,and there was a battell 
between the horfemen of cither fidcthat held long,where- 
in both fides claimed the vicftory .For the Athenians (itw the 
Generall of the Bxotinn horfc, and fbme few others , and 

J) rifled them,hauing themfelues bin firli chafed by them to 
AV/^^. And hauing thefe dead bodies in their power, they 
reftored them vpon truce, and ercdied a Trophic. Neuer- 
the leflc, in refped: of the whole adtion , neither fide went 
off with affurance, but parting afunder , the Bceotians went 
to the Army, and the Athenians to jsajtca. 

After t\iis/Bra(idai with his Army,came downe neerer 
to the Sca,and to the City of SMigara ; and hauing fea- 
zidon a place of aduantage, fet his Army in battell ar- 
ray , and (lood flill. For they thought the Aiheniam 

H would bee ailaylants , and knew the Sile^areans flood 

obferuing whether fide fhould hauc the Victory ; 

Kk i and 


BreJUM gocth backe (» 

* M Tripodifcut. 

The Bceoikm come with 
their torccsjanui 
with Brafi^M, 

I lojnc 

Tte BiMiio>,aniMau- 

Tl'.c wholt Army cri ei- 
ther fidcjface ooc ano- 
willing to begia. 


The Hi/lory o/ITh v c rSiiy e s". ' Lib. ^. 

■ Brafidas if he fined the 
7«5r;«t /fow rfcf Athenians 
i-aii hu tnLJbeijorc kiihcrr- 
ing him (clfe rtidy if the A- 
ihenians vfauld not fig''i, 
bt gained thii.lhat he p)o:iU 
bee let into the lormt, which 
WM alibi cane f<ir,ind 
therefore rr.ii.htijftlyke 
•fcxanli ,,vfit!mtdu['. 

th, m t'>at giiue o'caHtn lo 
Dionyfiu's Halicarn-ilius ; 
to ccnj'itn the Ambon clecu- 

The Megareamrece'iuj 
Brafd.u indhis hi:me. 

The Me;flru»Omhvfei 
recal!cd,ani fwoinc to 
fcrgct toimcr quarrcll. 

auij tftac ic miilt ficcds flit due well-for'fhem be>ch vvayes; A 
firll.bccaufc they fliouldrtioc- be the aiVay iant,- and' volunta- 
rily begin the bated anddiinger^fince'liiuing fliewoi thcni- 
fc'lues ready to iight,thc iidtory mul\ affo * iuiliy be at- 
tribUt^ed to tlTt:m*^^wicbdue their labour. And next: it mult 
fall-out wellliti reipedJ- Of the M^eg^anms. For' if they 
flioliid not hau€itomcinfi"ghC, the matter had not beene 
anyllongcr In the power of FortunCi but they -hadwithouc 
aUjioubc beeniprcfcntly .depriued of the City, as rtifn con- 
qiitrc'cb Whereas now ■ if haply , the Athenians declined 
bactell llkewife.thcy fhouldobtalne what they came for g 
without rtroakc ftricken. " Which alfo indeed came to 
pafle._ * For the Megareans , when the Athenians went out 
andiordercd their Army without the Ix>ng-wals , but yet 
(becaufe the enemy charged uot J flood alfo flill, (their 
■ Commanders likcwIfejConfidcring that if they fhould be- 
gin the batteM,againfl a fiumber greater then their owne, 
after the greatettpart of their enterprise was already at- 
chi^kedjthexiinger would be vnequall^ For if they fhould 
ouercomc, they could win hutJMcgara , and if they were 
vanquifhed,rhuG: Jofe the beft pare of their men of Armes; q 
Wliereas th2 enemy , who out of the whole power , and 
riumberthacwasprcfcnt in the field, did aduenture but 
euery one a part,would in all likehhood,put it to thehaz- 
zard } And fo for a while affronted each other,and neither 
doing any thlng,withdrew againe, tht Athenians firftinto 
N/M-^,and afterwards the P(?/t)])0»«f/z^wj to the place from 
whence they had fet forth ; then, I fay,theMfi'^^rt'4«f,ruch 
as were the friends of the Outlawcs,taking heart , becaufe 
they faw the Athenians were vnwilling to fight , fet open 
the Gates to Br afidas us Victor, and to the reft of the Cap- D 
taines of the fcuerall Cities - And when they were in, 
f thofc that had praftifed with the ^^thsmans , being all 
the while in a great feare) they went toCouncell. After- 
wards, GM^c/tj/,hauing difmifled his Confederates, to their 
feucrallCities,wenthimfelfeto(})r/«//>, Inpurfute of his 
former purpofe to leuy an Army for Thrace. Now the 
Me^areans that were in the Citie,f when the Athenians alfo 
were gone home^alL that had chiefe hand in the pra(5lice 
with the Athenians, knowing themfelues difcouered , prc- 
fently nipt away ; but the reft, after they had conferred jr 
with the friends of the Outlawes , recalled them from 


^hsMiJloryof, T \\ v<e.y p i d-^£^5. 



' Huauje ihcyjhauUmt dtve 
but 10 cmHfDiHc thcm,ix4i!ch 
they rroiiUnnl ha at (kn;^<f 
then (tnuncc hadpujt bjje- 

The !Hily[-mim Outlawt"; 
]ofe che City o'i Anmndrm 
Htiich they hadinccnded- 
to fortitie and make die 
fe»c of theii Warrc. 

A ^£g£-y vpon gfcat oathcs'adminidred ynto them , no more 
to remember former quar^els.,,but tQ.giufi diCi^Lick-rheir 
beiVaduice.. :;: ■. • •'-.■-•'■i :::l'r:; •••>(..•■ S^l')?-:/' 

Thefe,when they came mtO Office, tjJ)oke a viivvof che 
ArmeSjanddifpofmg bands of Souidiers in diUdrs quar- 
ters of the Cicic,picked out of their enemies, and of ciioie 
that Teemed molt to haue cooperated in thetiralon vvitli. JSw^'^-'i^n^h 
the Athenians, shout a hundted periods, ^ and hauing con- 
Itrained the people to giue their fenj^cncc vpoii them *o- 
penly,when they were condemned, flew them.; ^and cfta- 

B blifhed in the Ode, the bilateahnollof an Oligarchy.. And 
this change of gouernmcnt,made by a few vpon fedicion, 
did ncuerthclefle continue for a long time after. , . ; 

The fame Summer, when Antandnu was to be furnifhed 
by the SViitylenians as they intended , ' Demodiciu, and Arifli- 
def, Captaines of ccrtaines Gallies, fct forth by the ^r/;^- 
»/d«j to fetch in Tribute, being then about He'Jefpom (for 
Lamaclm that was the third in that Commifsion, was gone 
with ten Gallics into Pontus) hauing notice of the prepa- 
ration made in that place \ and thinking it would be dan- 

Q gerous to haue it happen thcre,as k had done in ^/?.€^,ouer 
againft Smos, in which the5</»j/ViwOuclawes , hauing fet- 
Icd themfelues,ayded the ^elopomefans in matters of the 
Sea, by fending them Steerfinen , apd both bred trouble 
within the Citic,and entertained fuch as fled out of it , le-- 
uyed an Army amongft the Confederates, and marched to 
it,and hauing ouercome in fight, tholfe chat came out of 
Antandrui againft them,recouercd the place againe. And 
not long after, Lantaclm that was gone into Pontm , as he 
lay at Anchor in thcRiucr (Jalex ^mth(i territory of H^r^^ 
D clea , much rainc hauing fallen aboue in the Countrey , 
and the ftreame of a Land Flood comming fuddcnly 
downe.lolt all his Gallies,and came himfclfe and his Ar- 
my through the Territory of the Ditbynidns , ( who are 
Tbraciam dwelling in yi$a,o^ the other fidej to Qjalcedon, 
a Colony of the Megareans^ in the mouth of Tontus Euxi- 
r;;u,by Land, 

The fame Summer likewife , Demfihenes, Generall of 
the ^;/;mM»5,with forticGalhes, prefently after his de- 
parture out o^Megart^, fay led to isiaupaliw. For certaine' 

E men in the Cities thereabouts , defiring to change the 
forme of the 5*ar/<i« gouernment , and toturne it into a 


LAmtt;hm lokthhii Ten 
Gallies by a fudden 

Vtmoflhmes goeth to ya«. 
p.7flM<,vpoa defigne a- 
gainft the Bailicnsy 


The rietlaijbt- 
ar.!.:inif the /I'lfc: JCJ'/J, 
how ctt srinc Bshim into 
■ power oif ike Atheri- 

• 7e)»ar(fi DtTium^ 

The Hijloo 0/ T H V c y D I D E i. Lib4. 

Dc-worr rfri^^according to the ^ouzmmcntoi Athsns^ pradli- A 
led with him and Hippocrates , to betray \'nto him the 
eHztcs of ^ccotia: Induced thcreunco^princlpally by Ptcec 
dorm a Thcban Outlaw. And thej^ ordered the delignc 
thus. Some had vndcrtakcn todcliucr vp 5/>/)<c. (^Sipb<c 
is a Citic of the Territory of Thej^U , (landing vpon the 
Sea ride,ln theCri^z/^^wGulfc) and Cfuronea ( which was 
a Towne that payed duties to 0/-c/;o;«tff)«;,called heretofore 
Orchomenm in SMinyeia, but now Orchomenus in Bocotia) fomc 
others, of Orchomenus y were to furrendcr into their hands. 
And the Grchomeniatt Outlawes had a principal! hand in B 
this^and were hyring Soldiers to that end out of ^eloponne- 
jus. This Ch<eroneai^ the vtmoft Towne of Bxotm to- 
wards ^hanocu in the Countrey of Pbocis, and lome ^^hoch 
ans alfo dwelt in it. On the other jide^ the ^th:nUn were to 
leazc on Delium,z place confccratcd to ^po!}o,m the Terri- 
tory ofTanAgra, on the part toward EnhoeA. AH this ought 
to haue been done together vpon a day appointed , to the 
end,that the ScEof/rtw might not oppofe them with their 
forces vnitcd,but might be troubled cucry one to defend 
hisownc. Andif the attempt fuccecdcd, and that they C 
once fortified D<;/rttw J they eafily hoped.though no change 
followed in the ftate of theiSoro^/^wj for the prcfcnt,yet be- 
ing polTeffedofthofe placcs,and by that meanes,continuaI- 
ly fetching in prey^out of the Countrey, bccaule there was 
for euery one a place at hand to retire vnto , that it could 
not ftand long at a ftayj but that the Athenians ioyning with 
fuch of thcm,as rebcllcd,and the 'Boeotians not haujng their 
forcesvnitedjthcy might in time order the State to their 
owne liking. Thus was the Plot layed . 

And Hippocrates himfelfc, with the forces of the Citic, D 
was ready when time fhould leruc to * march j but fent 
Demofthenes before,with forty Gallies to Naupa^w j to ths 
end that he fhould leuy an Army of Acarnanians,nnd other 
their Confederates in thefe quarters, and iayle to Sipha , to 
rcceiueitbyTreafon. Andaday was fet downe betwixt 
them,on which thcfe things fliould haue been done toge- 

Demofthenes, when he arriued and found the Oeniades by 
compulfion of the reft of Acamania^ cntred into the Atheni- 
an Confederation,and had himfelfc raifed all the Confede-E 
rates thereabouts , made Warrc, firlt vpon Salyntbius^ and 


Lib. 4. Th&'HiJlory o/T h v c t'd i d e s. 

At\\z Agrxans , and hauiug taken in other places th erea 
boucsjilood ready. when the time ftiould require^ to gcj to 


About the fame time of this Summer, S/M/;^.ty marching 
towards theCities-vpon T/!;Mc^,vvith 1760 men ofArmes, 
when he came to Haaclia'm 7 Mr/;/'tf/f« ,^fe"f a Aiciienger 
before himto hislricnds at *;5W/^/ifr,re(^uiring them tobe 
guides vnco him^and to his Army. Aitd ivhen there were 
?;)'/<w.'-,and S.rophacus (^who was the plibliquc Holls of the 
B CmlciiiianiyXX'whlch met him Mdiiia ■ a tovvne of ^t/;^/di,' 
he marched on. There were oth<ir of the TkffMians alfo 
that conuoyed him ; and from Larijsa, he was conuoycd by 
Nicomdds a friend o^fcrdiccas. For k had bcene hard to 
paile r/)?//.^/;' without a guide,hovvibeucr ; but elpecially 
with an Army. And to patie throug:h a. neighbour Ter- 
ritory without leaue,is a thing that z\\\}ntians' alike arc 
iealous of. Befides^that the peopl'e '6f ^^7^:^!^ "tik^' euer 
borne good affecftion toiht- ^bsnmns.'' 'infomuch^as if by 
eullonie,£he goucrnmentofthat Couiltr'ey R.^d hot becne 
C * Lordly, rather then a *• Goinmon-^vbakh he coiild nelier 
haue gone on. For alfb now as he marched forwa'rd,thcfe 
met him at the Kiucr £«//j^«^,others of a coui:rary"mind'to 
the former^that forbad him.and told him that h^'^dld \n-^ 
iuilly to goe on without the-common confent of- ail . But 
thofe that conuoyed him anfwcred, thkt'they Htould not 
bring him through againit their wils ; 'h& that^cdmming 
CO them on a fudden,they condiidtedhimas fii(i^fids. And 
!8 ■afMs\\imk\k iaid.hc came thither a friend ;bocli to the 
countrey^and to them;and that he bore Armes^ ri6'c againO: 
D them- but againd die Athc'mns their enemies. Ah.d that he 
neuerknew of any ^enmity, between tht. T.he>pMani-,(k Lace- 
fi'^w<),^/^;j-,wherbythey raiglifftbt vfeon^" another^ ^rouridi' 
and chat eucn novv^he would not goe on without tf Jej'r con- 
fent J for neither could hee ; but onely entreated tfiein not 
to flop him.Whcn.the}- heard this, they" vijrent theli-Hvayes. 
And hc'.by the aduice"of hisguides^before any gretiternum- 
berfliould vnlts td hinder hiii>,marche'd oh with all p^ofsi- 
ble fpeed j laying no whekbj^ the way T.and thetame day 
he fet forth frOm-:.Af^/iv'w, he^ir<?adied' A/i^/H/r^j, aiicf.'encam- 
E pedby theRiueri^|>it2'<«,i¥rMxFfK3m thencc^fieweht'tbP/;^^^/! 
I urn. Ftom thenck-mtx) %rd^^,i. Th&'^erxbiatir, tHougli 

_____ , khia}. 


of Arn 


paffeth th 
J wuh I los 

uai [lia'c ut! 


* tfuMacfiO. abfoliiK goii.; . 
mem v/idcr out part. 

* 'ifovoui'a,. tqiuhty efpti' 
n'Mijs m ihc whole. 

1 he fofc anfwer c(B*afi- 
£/*j,notwiihftanding hce 
was rttolued to palic. 

raJidM goeih space 
[-.rough TiV/a//, 


The Hiftorj o/^Thvcydides. Lib. ,^. 

The esufe wlty Tcrducrs 
and th: C!-j!oHcs!ti talUd 
in the Lxcdtirwnmtii into 
thole pa:cs. 

The c jufe r.hy the 
LaiKUmadoMi fo willingly 
fent an »rnny to thens. 

'.hi Cmry,from ¥y\iii,«nd 

• tinrflrumti. 

A B impious Ttthjof the 
Lscid/tmrntHt/in the 
defttoy ing their Helftu 

llibiect CO die rbsfjaloniansykt him at Dion, in the Domini- A 
on o^Pcrdiccas, a little City of the Macedonians, jfcituateat 
thefoocofG7>'»)t/>i«,on the fide toward Tbeffalie. In this 
manner, 'BrajUm ran through rhe(}aUc , before any there 
could put in readinelle to ftop him ; and came into the 
Territorie of the Chalcideans, and to ^'erdiacu. For Per- 
(iicciXs, and ths Qhalcidcans, all that had reuolted from the 
Athenians, when they faw the afJairesof the Athenians prof- 
perjiad drawne this Armic out of Teloponttejw for fcare: 
the Chalcideans , becaufe they thought the Athenians would 
make Warrc on them firrt, as hauing been aifo incited B 
thcrcto,by thofc Cities amongft them that had not reuol- 
ted J and Terdiccoj, not that he was their open enemy, 
but becaufe he feared the Athenians forancient quarrels 5 
but principally becaufe he defired to iubdue ^rrhiUty^ 
K'mgo^ the LynceReans. And the ill fuccelTc which the 
Lacedemonians hi thck times had, wasacaufe that they 
obtained an Armie from them , the moreeaiily. 

For the Athenians \'exing feloponnefut , and their par- 
ticular * Territory Laconiamo^ of ail, they thought the 
befl: way to diucrt them , was to fend an Armie to the q 
Confederates of the Athenians , io to vexe them againe. 
And the rather,becaufe Perdicccu, and the Chalcideans were 
content to maintain the Armlc,hauing called it thither to 
helps the Qalcideans in their reuolt. And becaufe alfo 
they defired a pretence to fend away part of their * He- 
lotes, for feare they ftiould take the opportunity of the 
prefent ftate of their affaires, the enemies lying now in 
Pylus^to innouate. For they did alfo this further. Fearing 
theyouth.and multitude of their H^/of^j, (For the Lace- 
</^fwo«w«jhadeucr many Ordinances, concerning how to D 
look to thcfelues againft the Helotes, ) they caufed Procla- 
mation to be made,that as manyof the,as claimed the efti- 
mation,to hauedorie the Lacedemonians bellferuice in their 
Warres fhould be made free j feeling them in this manner, 
andconceiuing,that astheyfhouldcueryone out of pride 
deeme himfelfe worthy to be firft made free , fo they 
would foonefl alfo rebeU againd the. And when they had 
thus preferred about 2000, which alfo with Crownes on 
their heads, went in procefsion about the Temples, as to 
receiue their liberty, they, not long after made them a- E 
way,and no man knew how they perifhed. And now at 



The Htjlory of T uvcv did zs, 


Thcpraifc cfBrafidoi, 

A this time with all their hearts they fent away 700 men of 
Armes more of the fame racn,along with Srafidas, The 
relt of the Army were Mercinaries hired by Brafidas , out 
Q^ Peloponnelm. But Bra/idoj himfelfe the Lacedamonia s 
feiic outjChiefly,becaufc it was his owne defire. Notwith- 
llanding the /7'^<«/c/^<?4«jalfo longed to haue him, as one 
ellecmed alfoinS^^ru, cuery way an a(ftiue man. And 
when he was out, he did the Laccdamoniais very great 
leruicc. For by fhewing himfelfe at that prefciic iull: , 
and moderate towards the Cities , hee caufcd the 
B moll: of them to reuoit, andiomeofthem he alfo tooke 
by Treafon. Whereby it came to pailc, that if the 
Lacedaemonians pleafed to come to compofition ( as alfo 
they did J they might haue Townes to render and receiue 

And alfo long after, after the Sicilian Warre , the ver- 
tue, and wifcdome which Sr<iy^^4/ fhewed now, to fome 
knowne by experience,by others, beleeucd vpon from re- 
port, was the principall caufe that made the Athenian 
Confederates affcd: the Luced^monians ; For being the 
Q *firi1: that went out, and eflecmed in all points for a; 

worthy man, he leftbehind hira an allured hope , thac \swe7jm7elh!^mr 
the relt alfo were like him. . • \^»r f;,, ye..i.f. 

Thifirjl thttwm abroad 
for Gifeinour into oiber 

fifty yeern before this 
^'arrf.Paufanias hamni ibe 

Being now come into Torace, the Meniam vpon notice, l^^'""""'"^"" ^'''"" 

Cmfettttatei,at Bizar; tium, 

thereof , declared 'Pcr*<//Vc^ an encmy^ as imputing to \\ini\bthmtdhwicfathUHtiy. 

this expedition, and reinforced the Garrifons in the parts 

Perdiccas with Braftdoj and his Army , together with 
his ownc Forces, marched prefently againft Arrbib<iw the 
jonne oj Bromemf, King of the Lynceftheans , a people of 1 Iw^V 
D J^acedonia, confining on Terdicccu his dominion, both for 
a quarrell they had againft him , and alio as defiring to 
fubduehim. ^V;.-; -/• .^ufhri. . 

When he came with his' Army, and 'Brafida* with him, 

. to the place where they were to haue fallen in, 'Braftdas 

told him that hee delired , before, hee made Warre, to 

draw Arrhib^ui by parly, if he could, to a Leagup 

with the Lacedemonians. For ArrhiUw had alfo made. 

fome proffer by a Herald, to commit the matter t^ 

Bra^das arbitrcment. And the Chalcidean Ambafladours 

E being prefcnt, gauc him likewife ^duice, not to thruft 

himfelfe into danger infguour of ^^Tsdiccai^ to thp en^ 

^'•■^' L I ' th ^ 

and then Cimon «.• Aihe- 
nia n fry the vtiiua vovd 
poi{fiiin Brafida»,goare 
CdHJederaUi tuletiie ih; 
/Ii3 the /Jthcmans. 
Bisfidas ioy ne d with Pcr- 
diuas, Biattheth towards 

BrafidiU xcM^ngxo make 

For the offer oiArrhib*' 

And through the aduicft 


TheHiJlory o/T uvcydidb s. Lib.4, 

jiuctli therein diftafte 
to radulM. 

imfjti comBsethtefore 

Anih receiucd withvuc 

hit aiaay* 


they might haue him. more prompt in their ovvrie affaires, j^ 
Belides,the Minifters of Perdiccas , when, they were at 
L^icsd^emor.^iid ipokcn there, as if chcy had mearic t6-bring 
as many of the places about him as they could , into -the 
Lacedemonian League. S'o that Brafidas fauoured ^Arrhib^- 
w, for the publique good of their ovvne State. But per^u- 
cm faid that he brought not Brafidcu thither , to bea ludge 
of hisControuerfies.but todedroy thofe enemies which 
he fhould fhcw him . And that it will be an iniury, fee- 
ing he payes the halfcof his Army, for ''Brafdas to parly 
with ^rrh'ibmf. Neuerthelefle,£rrf/j^^i whether ^Terdiccai 
wouldjOr not,and though it made a quarrell , had confe- 
rence with cyirr^/Z'^w, by whom alfo hee was induced to 
withdraw his Army. But from that time forward , Per- 
dicciu in flead of haife,paid but a third part of his Army, 
as conceiuing himfelfc to hauc becniniured. 

The fame Summer;a little before the Vmtzgc.'Brafidaj 
hauing ioyned to hisowne, the forces of the Qbalcideansj 
marched to Jcmthtu , a Colony of the Andnans. And 
there arole fedition about receiuing him,bctwcene fuch as 
had ioyned with the Chakideans m calling him thither, 
and the common people. Neuerthcleflejfor feare of their ^ 
fruits which were not yet gotten in, The multitude was 
won by ^rafidcu to let him enter alone , and thenCafter 
he had faid his mind^to aduife what to doe amongfl: them- 
felues. And prefencinghimfeife before the multitudc,(for 
he was not vneloquent , though a Lacedemonian y) he fpakc 
tothis cflFc<a. ^^i '^ - i 'H J 


.'•- . ■. ::;, . ' ;; Tim.., 

ME N 0/ Acanthus, The reafon yehj the Lacedarn^oni- 
anS hauefent nib, ahdthu ^tiny abroad, is to make good 
what we gaue out in the beginning for the caufe of our 
Warre againfl the Athenians, which Tvaf/hat we meant to make 
'a Warre for the Libertie of Greece, ^ut if we be come late , OJ 
deceiuedby the Warre there, in the opinion we had , thatyoe our 
felues fioul(lfogne hauepaHed the Athenians downe, without any 
danger of youn, no man hath redfori therefore to blame ys . For t)e 
hre come dffodnea/ occafohferued, and 'iwthyour helpe wiS do our 
left-p Im^hem <vnder. '■ BM I ^^ndtr iphy you fhut me forth of 
I (- ' ' ' , _ your 


Lib. ^. The Hiftorj o/T h v c y d i d e s. 

AyourgatetandtpJ^yltPtisnot^elcdme. For "^e Laccdormonians 
hauc Vndergone this great danger , of p't/sing many dayes mrnie 
through theTerritory of Strangers , andjVe'^ed all pofsible -^eale^be 

■ cauje TJ'e vnagtmd that ipc went tofuch (^n federates , as before wee 

' came hadVs pre/erit in thtir hearts jand'^eredcftroHS of our cowning. 
And thehfore it 'twere hard , that you Pmdd nolif bee other^Vije 
mtnded^and ipithjlandyour oT^ne,and the refl of the Grecian sZ/Z-cr- 
0; not onely in that yeur /clues rcfift Vj, hut aljo becaufe others 
Ti>hom Jgoe to, Ti'i// be the lefj'e willing to come in ; making diffiLulty, 
becaufe you to ivhomlcamefirft , hauingaflourijJmg City, and be!n<r 

■n eflecmed '^i/efaue rcfujed njs : For "^huh I Jhali haue no ftijfict' 
ent excufe to pleade,but mufl be thought either to pretend to Jet (vp 
liberty yniujlly ^or to come Ti^eakc , and without polifcr to maintaine 
you againjl the Athenians. And yet agalnft this ftme ^rmy 
inoi^ haue ywhenllff ent to encounter the Athenians at JSJifea, 
though more in number , they durjl not ha'^^rd battell. l^or is it 
likely that the Athenians will fend forth jo great a number againfi 
you, as they had in their Fleet there at Niix2. I come not hither 
to hurt, buttofet free the Grecians , and I haue the Lacede- 
monian Magi/lrates bound Vnto me by great Oathes^ that whatfo. 

/- eiier (Confederates fl)all be added to their fide, at leajl by mee , fhall 
flill enioy their oipne Lawes. And that ^ee fhaU not hold you as 
(fonfderatcs to njs, brought in either by force, orfraud,but on the 
contrary , be (Confederates to you , that are kept in /eruitude by 
f/;e Athenians. And therefore I clayme not onely that you be not 
icalou^ of mee , ejfeciaUy hauing giuen you fo good affurancc, 
orthinke me Enable to defend you , but alfo that yon declare your 
J clues boldly "^Hth mee. And if any man be Vnfi^illingfotodoe, 
through feare of fome particular man, apprehending that 1 would 
put the Citie into the hands of a few, let him cafla^ay . for 

ly Icamemttofide,}iordoeIthinkeIJhouldbringyou an affured li- 
berty, ifnegleciing the ancient vfe here,IJhould enthrall, either the 
Multitude^ to the Few, or the Few to the Multitude. For to 
hegoiwncdfo, were worfe then the domination of a Forrainer. And 
there would rcfultfromit to Vv Lacedemonians, mtthankes for 
our labours, hut in jhad of honour and glory , an imputation of thofe 
* crimes. for which I'je make Warre amongjl the Athenians, and 
Tl^htch Tipoidd be more odious in ^s then in them, that neuer pretended 
the * ycrtue. For it is more dipjonourable, atleajl , to men in dignity^ 
' to ampHne their efiate by jfecious fraud , then by open yiAenceFor the 
P later ajjayleth With a certaine right o' po^er giucn Vs by Fortune, 
hit the other, "^ith the treachery of a wicked confcience. 

LI i <But 


* Anbithnanddtfre la 
fubdiie other Staid, 


2^0 I TheHiJioryof TnycY VIDE s. Lib.4.. 

« Sem'i.^o'fijitnedbytht 
Poetb to haiit been gotiet 
bctmttt a. gcdaad a mnaU. 



The rcuolt ofStsigyrM. 

TIic end cf the eighth 


'But be fides the oathyphicb they haue [-^orne already , the great efl A 
further ajfurance you can haue, if thu. That our aBiens weighed 
with our mrdsjjou muft needs beleeue^ that it is to our profit to 
doe, as I baue told you. 'But if after thefe promi(es of mine, 
.youJhaS (ay , ^'ou cannot^ and jet fm- as much asyour afe^i- 
oni4witha>s, -^iU claims impunity for reicBing <^s j Or (Jjall 
Jay that thu liberty I offer you feemes to bee accompanied with 
danger, and that it were ypell done to offer it to fuchascan receiue 
it, but net to force it ypon any- Then will I call to witne^e the 
Gods, and * Heroes of this place, that my counfell which you re^ 
fu(e,'9eaijor your good, and "SoiU indeuour by wajiing of your Terri- 
tory to compellyou to it. Nor (hall I thinke I doe you therein, any 
yi^rong; But haue reafonfor it from two necefities, one, of the 
LacedcemonianSj/f/i^ i$hile(i they haueyour affe6iions , and not 
your fociety, they JJjot4ld receiue hurt from your contribution of mo- 
ney to the Athenians ; anotber,oftbe Grecians, lefi theyfbmld 
be hindered of their liberty by your example ; for otherwi(e indeed 
we could not iufih doe it ; nor ought ype Lacedaemonians to (et 
any at liberty againfi their wiUs , if it were not for fome common 
good. We couet not dominion oueryou,but feeing yoe hafte to make 
others lay downe the fame , ype (hould doe iniury to the greater C 
part, if bringing liberty to -the other States in generaU , we fbould 
tolerate you to croffe ys. Deliberate weH of thefe things , flriue to 
be the beginners of Liberty in Greece, togei^:our felues eternall 
glory, to prejerue euery man his priuate efiate from dammage , and 
toinuefi the whole Qtieypith a mofh honourable * Title. Thus 
fpake Bra^doj. 

The Jcanthians, after much faid on either fide, partly 
for that which Brafidas had cifed:ually ipokcn, and partly 
for fcare of their fruits abroad, the moil of them decreed D 
to reuolt from the Athenians , hauinggiuen their votes in 
fecret. And when they had made him take the fame 
oath, which the Lacedemonian Magiftrates tooke, when 
they fent him out -, namely ,that what Confederates foeuer 
he fhould ioync to the Laced<emoniafis , (hould enioy their 
owne Lawesjthey receiued his Army into the City. And 
not long after , reuoltcd Stagyrm, another Colony of the 
^ndrians. And thefe were the Ad:s of this Sum- 

In the very beginning of the next Winter ,vvh en the Bx- E 
otian Cities Ihould hauc been deliuered to Hippocrates and 



The Hiflory ofT hvcydides. 


A Dimofthenss,Gcncra.U o^ the Athenians, and thzt Dmoftbenes 
fliouldhauegoneto5/^/?^, and Hippocrates to D ilium, hn^ 
uingmiftakeii the daycs,on which they fhould haue both 
fct tbrvvard, Demofthcnes went to Sipb'€ * firft , and hauing 
with him the ^carnans, and mrdiy .Confederates of thofe 
parts in his Fleet, yet loll his labour. For the Treafbn 
Wis AtitOizdhy onz iSIicomacbM zThocean^ of the Towne 
oi Phanotis.'who told it vnto the Lacedaemonians , and they 
againe vnto the Bccotians. Whereby the Boeotians concur- 
ring vniuerfally torelieuc thofe places, (for Hippocrates 

g was notyet gone to trouble them in their ownc feuerall 
Territories) preoccupied both Sipb<e^ and Qh^eronea. And 
the Conlpirators knowing the errour, attempted in thofe 
Cities no further. 

But Hippocrates hauing raifed the whole power of the 
Citie'of .4^/;^«^, both Citizens and others that dwelt a 
mongltthem,and all flrangerSjthat were then there , arri- 
ued * afterwards at D^//ttw, when the S(Ko.v'^«i were now 
returned from Sipb^.znd there flayed, and toofce in Delium a 
Temple of ^poQo with a wall j, in this manner. Round 

/- about the Temple , and the whole confecrated ground 
they drew a Ditch ,and out of the Ditch,in ftead of a wall 
they caftvp the earth,and hauing driuen downe piles on 
either ride,they cad thereinto the matter of the Vineyard 
about the Temple , which to that purpofe they cut 
downe,together with the Stones and Bricks of the ruined 
buildinos. Andby all meanes heightened the fortificati- 
on, and in fuch places as would giue Icaue , ere<Il:ed Tur- 
rets of wood vpon the fame. There was tno Edifice of the 
Temple {landing, for the Cloyfler that had been was fal- 

j) len downe. They began the workc, the third day after 
they fct forth from .yjr^^»j,and wrought all the fame day, 
and all the fourrh and the fift day, till dinner. And then 
being moft part of it finifhed,the campe came backe from 
Dt'/zawjabout ten Furlongs homewards. And the light- 
armed Souldiers went moftof them prefently away, but 
themenof Armcs, laid downe their Armes there, and 
refted. Hippocrates (laid yet behind,and tooke order about 
the Garrifon, and about the finifhing of the remainder of 
fortitication.TheSao?/<i»J tooke the lame time to aflemble 
E at Tanagra; and when all the Forces were come in , that 
from eucry Citie were cxpefted , and when they vnder- 


D;w),/?';m« appro ac hcth ! 
iiph.i' by Sea,to take u L.y 

' n(fire Hippocrates wwf 
■K l)c\lU^\,w^^ereaJ it might 
(0 luut biene at thcfjipt 


U'rpotr.Uts mirc'.jcC) r J Dc • 

*/</}«• Dcrnoflhenes had 
been at Sipixt which waj 
too late. 

The army of the Alv- 
n«n!,h3iiing taken Df- 
i'.';(/n .begin to retire. 

The taot'uns followthem 


S/ii/eit/BocoUa tti«gj)« 
o! tttOielun ,dini hohiiitg 
al:oielhirjveie zmudzKdo 
gouciKO'i iltntfiom ihcm 

ivarrti^md tb-.n lit) htd 
the tflht common 

' So thu-{»pi«ne ate Smt 
htlh aneighhohi I'.rong 
enough It lubdiic ii,u « 

J v.tre to be tlmfln »[nt 

' ^yHiJloryofTnyd^ BIDES. Lit.^. 

I hood that the Athenians drew h6mcward«,thdugh the red: A 
I of the * Bctotian Commandcrs,which vvere ekuen , appro- 
;uednotgiuingbattell,becaule thdy were not 'now in Bixo- 
\m ( for the Athenians, when they la:id dowhe their Amies, 
ivvici-c in the Confines o'iQropia) yet ^^gwdas the (om7e of 
[jiiokdxs, being the-* Ba?<></.i» Commaiider * for 7Zv/w, 
jlwhofe turne it was to haue the leading of the Army,was, 
'together with Arimthidas the fonne of Lyfimacbiddf, of opini- 
I oil' to fight,and held It the befl courfc to try the fortune of 
I a battell; wherefore 'calling theni vnto him euery Compa- 
'ny'by it felfethat they might not be all at once from their B 
ArincSjhe exhorted the Boeotians to march againil the ^- 
thhians , atidto hazzai-d battell,, fpcaJcing in this man 
net. ^. . . 

T H E O R At46 N O F 

P A G o N p A s to his Souldiers. 

ME NofBceoi'iz^'hoiightneiter to haue fo much as en- 
trediniS'fhe thdii^htdf'anyofrvs the (Commanders , that 
becaufewejfwde not ilig Athenians now in Boeotia , it ^ 
Jhould therefore kervnfii'tpgiue them battel. For they, out of a 
bordering Comtrey hme cntred B<xoti2iandfortifed in it,with in- 
tent to wdifte it, and are' indeed enemies m yvhatfoeuer ground wee 
fndikemjOrwhencefoeuerthey come, doing the aBs of hoflility. 
Butnoypifanymanthinkeitalfoipnfafe, let him henceforth be of 
another opinion . For prouidence in them that are inuadcd , endu- 
re'tb notjuch deliberation concerning their owne^cu may be i^fed by 
thcm^who retaining their owne.out of de fire to enlarge, yoluntarily 
inuadethe eft ate of another. And it is thecuflome ofthu Qountrey 
df yours, when a forraine enemy comes againft you,tofight with him, *^ 
bbth onyour cwfie, and on jour neighbours ground alike ; but much 
rndfejou ought to doe ityagainji the AthenianSjW^^w they be bor- 
derers. ^ For liberty with aH men , ts nothing elfe but to he a 
match for the Cities that are their neighbours. With thefe theft 
that attempt thejubiugation^not onely of their neighbours, but of 
ejiatesfarrefrom them, why [bould we not try the rutmofl oj our 
forttme ? We haue for example,thc efiate that the Euboeans o- 
ttcr againfilPSj andalfo the greateft part oftherefl oj Greece do 
Hue in mnder them. And you muft know , that though others fight 
■^'nh th'eir neighbours, about the bounds of their Territories , yaee E 
if we be yanquijhed (JmU haue but one bound amonifi ^s aQ ; fo 


L i b . 4. The Hijlory of Thy c yd id e s . 


A that tfeeJI^all no more quarreU about limits. For if they enter, they 
Tuill take all our feuerall jlates into their owne pojjefsion by force. So 
much more iUngeroM is the neighbourhood of the Athenians, then 
of other people. And jtich as 'Vpon confidence in their flrength inuade 
their neighbours , (^m the j.\z\\m\in^ mu^ doe) njfe to bee bolde in\ 
Hiarring on thofe that fit fl ill ^ defending themf clues onely in their owne 
Territories -^^hereiU they be Icjje Urgent to thofe that are ready to 
meete theinll^ithout their owne limits, or alfo to beginne the Warre 
when opportunity feructh. We haue experience hereof in thefe fame 
men -, for after "^ee had ouercome them at Coron:a , at ifhat time 

B through our owne fedttion, they held our Countrey in fubieclion, it^ee 
eflablifhed a great fecurity in BoeOcia, "hhich lafted till this prefent. 
^emenihring tifhichy T^ee ought now, the elder fort to imitate our for - 
tner aHs there ^ and theyonger fort, li>ho are the children of thofe "Vali- 
ant fathers , to erideuour not to dif grace the -vertue of' their Houfes . 
but rather with confidence that the God, l^hofe Temple fortified they 
Vnltip fully dwell in^ will bee with'^i^ the Sacrifices wee offered him 
appearing [aire, to march agatnfi them, and let them fee, that theugh 
they may craine^hatthey couet, ifhen they inuade fuch as Ti^ill not 
fight, yet men that haue the generofity td hold'theifowneiiitibertyby 

C battel!, and not inuade the fiate ofdnother '\>nitijily,'^ill nemr let thm 
goe away ynfoughten. 

Pcigondds with "this exhortation petfWadcd the Boeotians 
to march againft thcylthffmahs,mdm2iklngthGm *rife, led 
them fpeedily on, for it was drawing tON^^rds night, and 
when he. was neerc to their Army, in a'pl^ce/roin whence 
by the interpofition of a Hill they law not each othef, 
making a (land, he put his Armie intoorder.and pi-epared 
to giue Batteil. When it was told Hippocrates, who was 
D then ziDdiim, that the 'Boeotians wfeire' marching after 
themjiefends prefently to the Armie, Commanding them 
to bee put in array, and not long after: hiee came himfelfe, 
hauing left fome ^bo. Horfc about D^/Z&w'.both for a guard 
tothe place, if it: (hould be a{raulted,andwithall to watch 
an opportunity to come vpon xhc'BxoiiAns when they 
were in fight. But, for thefe, the BiFff//>/^r appointed Xome 
Forces purpofetjy^ to attendth^ni. And when 'i\\ Was as 
it fhouldbe, th^ (hewed themlelues from the toppe of 
the Hill. Where they fate downe witfi their Ai'Mes, in TheTderofrf.e//rmy 
E the fame order they were to fight in -, being about, feuenlj"^'''' **"""* 
thoufftfittmen'of' Armes,o'f H^ht^arfncd Souldiefs/^bouc ); 
^'^ tenne ■ . „ , 

ma, for the SouUien t» ft 
d<t»vt rvitb ihcir Armtt ty 
them, »htH iheyfitutU tn 
what m the field. 


'The Hi/lory of Tuv CYD ID Es. Lib. ^. 

•Tbt I a\eCopw. 

che Aibeiuifi*- 

cenne choulaiid,a choufand Horfcmen , and fiue hundred A 
Targectiers. Their right Wing confitting of the Thcbms, 
and their partakers ; In the middle battell were the Hali- 
aniiins, Coron^afiSy Copttans, and the reft that dwell about 
the * Lake ; In the left were the Thefpims,Tanagr.€ans^iind 
Orchomenians. The Horfcmen , and light-armed Souldi- 
ers were placed on either wing. The Thcbans were orde- 
red by twenty fiue in File, but the refl:,cuery one as it fell 
out. This was the preparation and order of the Bao- 

The ^f/;^wMw men of Armes,in number, no fewer then g 
the enemy, were ordered by eight in File throughout. 
Their Horle they placed on either Wing j but for light- 
armed Souldiers , armed as was fit, there were none , nor 
was there any in the City. Thofe that went out,follow- 
ed the Campe,for the mod part without Armes, as being 
a generall expedition both of Citizens , and Strangers j 
and after they once began to make home ward, there llayed 
few behind. When they were now in their order,and rea- 
dy to ioync battell, Hippocrates the General! came into the 
Army of the >4f/;tf»i<i«^^ and encouraged them, Ipeakingto q 

TH^ ORATION OF Hippocra. 

T E s to his Souldiers. 

ME N 0/ Athens, m^ exhortatm fhaO be Jbort , but Tfiith 
'-valiant men^ it hath (U much force as a longer^ md ufor a 
remembrance, rather then a command. Let no man thinke, 
becaufeit u in the Territory of another ^that we therefore precipi- 
tate ourfeluei into a great danger that did not concerne n/s . For D 
in the Territory of theft men ^you fight for your otone. If ypee get 
the ^iSiory, the Peloponnefians -^iH neuer inuade our Territo- 
ries againey for want of the Bo^othn Horjemen. So that in one 
ba!teB,you/haQ both gaine thii Territory, and free your owne. 
Therefore march on againfl the enemy, eueryme as becommeth the 
dignity Jbnh of hiinatur all Citie , (whichheglpriethto be chiefe 
of aU GrcecQ)and sf hit ^ncefiors.ioho haui^g duercome thefe men 
at Oenophy ta, ynder the Cfl^f^H^ o/MyrpnideSjip^r^ in times 
pafi JMafters of all Boeptia. * .^jj 55^:1 .. -_ ; ! , ^^t: 

Whiles Hippocrates was- making this ^horcation , and 



Lib. 4-. T^ he Hijlory of Tuvcr did es 

A haclgpnevvithitQUcrhalfcrhe-Arrny , but cbiild proceed 


no, furcjier , die Ba-««/V/«.t, (For ^i'agondM likewiie made but U^'f/j""'''"" '"'"'"P' 
a fiiorc (rxliorC:.^c,i,9H , andJiJtd there fuug the "' f^an j came [ ' ' 
dovvne vpon thcrri from the hill- J^n die Athenians iike-- 
wife went forward to meet them, foFall^that they met to- 
gether runivlng. The vxrnbi I: parts QffipcJi th? Armies ne- 
uer cameto k>)iie!,hindrecl boch,by,pn'(j,and tlK*,fame caufe, 
for certaine currents of water kept them a/uuder. i3ut the, 
re(lmadvniarp?^l^actelli(landing clof^^ andilriu;^ugro put 
by each others Bucklers .' iriic left wingof the y^aa- W/to 

B the very middle, of the Ariny wasouerdirowne,by the^/^ 
theni(;n5;s^\\o in this part had todeale, araongfl odiers prin- 
cipally with t\\Q rbtj^:ans.Vo}[ whilcfl they that were pla- 
ced tlie wme wing, gaue backc, and were circled in 
by the At'jeniam'm a narrow compalfe, thofc TfKJj>iam that 
were flainc^jWerc hewed downe in the very fight. Some al 
ib of the .•ir/;^«M«5 themfelucs,troubled with inclofing di5, 
thrqugli igiloraiiccflew one another: So that the Baaaans 
were ouerchrowne in this part, and i\cd to the odicr part, 
where they were yet in fight. But the riglit wing wherein 

C the Tbel?cms flood , had the better of che ^thenmns^Sind hy 
litdc and litcle,forced them to giue ground , and followed 
vpon them from the very firft.It hapned al/b that Pa'^ondds 
whilfl the left wing of his Army was in diftreire/ent two 
Companies of Horle fecrctly about the hill ^ whereby that 
wing o^ the Athenians which, was vidioriouSjapprchending 
vpon their fudd en appearing that they had bin a frefli Ar- 
my ,was put into affright, and the whole Army of the ^- 
thdnians^now doubly terrificd^by this accident, and hy the 
Thebans that continually won ground, Sc brake their ranks, 

O betooke themfclues to flight.Some fled toward Dc/ium,znd 
thefeajand fome towards 0/-o/?tMiOthcrs toward themoun- 
taine Tamet[nU:,^i:\d others other wayes^as to each appeared 
hope of fafety .The Ba:of/Vj^j,efpccialIy their horie,^ thofe 
Locrians that came in,after the enemy was already defeated, 
followed,killing the. But night fiirprifing them, the mul- 
titude of the that fled,was the cafier laucd. The next day, 
thofe that were gotten to Oropui ^nd Delium , went thence 
by S'ea to Athens, hauing left a Garrlfon in Delium , which 
place, notwithdanding this defeat , they yet retayned. 

E The i?rB<7;//««.f,when they had crcdied their Trophy, taken 
away thclf owne dead, rifled thofe of the enemy ,and left a 

\_ Mm guard i 

The Mhtmim flie« 


The Hiflory SfT h v^e y d i b e s. Lib. ^. 

Difputc about riuing 
Ic.mctothe /ithmum 
to takevpiheir ilcatl. 
;,j to the Athcnmi. 


The rocffagc of the ,•!/';?- 
Kwnstothe RaoUam,\>y 

^^lurd \pon che place/i'(^turnc(l' backc to Tanagra, arid there' A' 
entred into conlultatibh^for aii ailault to be made \'|)6Ji D^-' 
Hum. In the meane i;'iJtx^,a'^'lCrit'fr'oriithe ^^itU-nians^' 
to require' the bqdidyrhbt vvitp at' Herald bythe way ^' lent 
bj-'tht! i5drtf;)7my>'hidVCtirne(? 'hj^^^ 
could get nothing doile,till hirhl^^'fe was recurnecl Irbm the 
Aihcnia>}i.l*fih Hcrald.when hccamebeforbthe Athenians , 
d'Mlutrcdin'to them what the ^'ccotians had giuen 
cHargc ; 'iiaitiely,T/^<iit fte;)/ h4ddmtyiufily,totranJ^reJ]e.theH;- 
Muerjkfllaipofihe Gr^^bi'anS; hehi^amifiitutionrece'tuedhy'thcm 
ahthdt the'lfiiUdcr of another scomtrey ^jl^all ahjlaine fi am all holy g 
pUchin thefameTha'tt}kAthcnlms had fortified DcYiuih ^and, 
j dwelt in it'^and done "^hatjoruer eljemen<i;Je to doe'in places profane, 
j and had draWnethat water to the common a.fe^%htch was Xnlamfidl 
\ for thcmf clues to haue toiul^cd ^piueondyto'^ap? their haruls- fair the 
ifacrifice.That therfo) c th BcKOtianSj^ot/; in the behalfe of tU god, 
'and of themfelues ^inuokihg Apollo, and all the intereffed *fpirks^ 
did wrinie,them to he^one,^ andtonmue their ftuffe out of the Tem-_ 
pic.' After the Herald had laid this, the ^i^rwMttjfent a He- 
rald of their owne to the Boeotuns. Denying that either they had 
^oneanyTvri^nHo the holy place already , or would "willingly doe, any q 1 
hurt to it hereafter. For netther did they atfirft enter into it , tojuch 
i7ite?it ; but to recjuite the greater iniur-ies which had heene done ynto 
them. J^s for the lalo tfihichthe Grecians hauiejtisno other ^hut that 
they which haue the dominion of any tirnt^ory^reat orfmaUfhaue euer 
the Temples alfo^^jr befid'es the accuflemed rites ^7nayfuperinducel>hat 
other they Can For alfo th Boeotians', and mojl men elfe^ all that ha- 
uhig driuenont another nation,poffeffe their territory, didatfirfl in~ 
uadethe Temples ef others ^and make them their oli^ne. That therefore, 
if they could tl'infrom them more of their Land , they would keepe it ; 
and for the part they were now in, they^f^ere in it ft^ith a good wiU^and D 
would not out of it, as beingtheir olcne.Thatfor the water, they medled 
with it vpon necefsityj^i^hich was mi to he ajcribedto infolence , hut to 
this, that fighting againflihe Boeotians that had inuaded their ter- 
ritory firft /hey li>erejorcedioyfc it.For T^hatfoeuer it forced by War^ 
or danger, hath in reafon a kind ofpardon,euen leith the god himfelfe. 
For the ^"lltars/n cafes ofinuoluntary offences , are a refuge 5 and 
they are f aid to VioUte Lawes , that are euill without conflraint , not 
they that are a little bold njpon occafwn ofdiflreffe. 

That the Boeotians themJelues,who require reflitution of the ho- 
ly places, for a redemption of the deady are more irreligious hyfarre, \l 
then they, i»ho,rather then let their Temples goe, are content t9 gee 


Lib. ^; The Hificry o/T h v c * d i d e s. I 

A Ti^, "^hich Tifere fit for thefn to receiue. And they bad » 
Iii m ^ly pliinly , Tlut they Ti^nld not dei>art out of the B( Kodan 
Tcrntor^yforthitthcy^^ai mtm^ in it , l?ut in ci Territory 'n>hich 
they h^idninde their oufnc by the * Sli^ord-^ ^4nd neuerthelfjjcj re- 
quired Tyuce according to the Ordinances of the {^^ountrey. , for the 
fetching mt^dy of the dead . To this the 'Baotiais anfwered, 
Tlhitifthe dead were in hlCoth. thcyjhould quit the ground , and 
take^'ith them, Tifhatfoeuertffii^s theirs. (But if the dead Tl^ere in 
their owneTemtory , the Athenians themjelues knew bejl what to 
doe. For they thought, that tliough Oropi.i , wherein the 

g dead lay, (for the battell was fought in the border bc- 
tweenc/^rratandS^ofA-z) by iubiedlion belonged to the 
Athenians, yet they could not fetch them off by force ,• and 
for Truce,that the might come fafely on Athmian 
ground, they would giuc none, but concciued it was a 
h:?ndfomeanrwcr, to lay,T^.Y<t if\h:y Ttfould quit the ground, 
tteyjhouid obtninc whafonisr th^y required. Which when the 
y4^;f«/^n Herald heard, he went his way without effed:. 
The Bceotinn- prefently fent for Darters and Slingers from 
the Townes'on the Mi;liAn Gulfe^and with thefe,and with 

Q two thoufand men of Armes , oi Corinth, and with the 
fdoponncfm Garrifon that was put out of'Nif'C.i, and wkh 
the Mf?;areans,2.\-l which arriued after the battell,thcy mar- 
ched forthwith to Deiitm , and airaulied-tfe w-lli -and 
when they had attempted the fame many brher Wayes , at 
Ifngth they brought to it an Engine, wnerevfith they alfo 
tookeit,made in this manner. Hauing flit-rnhvo a great 
Mart,they made hollow both the fides,' and curioufly let 
them together againc in forme oFa Pipe. At the end of it 
in chaines they hunga Caldron and into the'Caldron from 

D the end of the Mall,they conveyed a fnowtof Iron^hauing 
with Iron alfo armed a great- part Of the red of the wood. 
They carried it to theWali,being farre offjnCarts,to that 
part where it was moft madcvp, with the matter of i^hd 
Viney3rd,and with wood. And when it'Was to, they ap. 
plied-a paireof great bellowes to the end next them feltres^, \ 
and blew. Theblafl: pafsing narrowly through into the' 
Ca Idronjn which were' coaIe's'6f fire,brimn.onc,and pitch, ' 
raif:d- an exceeding ^eat flame,aHd kt the wall on fire- /b! 

., that noniahbeing abl^to Rand any longer 6i\ it,but ab^il-- , 

E domdgthe fiime , arid^betaldiig.theinrelues to flight ^- tfidi 

'walBv^sbvEltat'i'iitsmesta'Mi;^''^'^3tlj (cl^ ^ iiLil'; 

-'-'^ 1 ,. _.Mm.r_ _^ Of^ 


' 'fi.ifytlMSfC.VO. 

rht reply of the Bx*- 

Ths forme of an Engine, 
whcrc'.vrth they let the 
vv;!! on fire. 

Vtlium rccoucrc d by the 


the .^ibinnnti iheii dead. 

by the Inhabitants. 

SihlcciKln^ ofThraee, 
dycth, and Stutha his 
brothertfonne fucccc- 
dctb him. 

BrajidM gocth to Amfhh 

The originall «{Awphi- 


Agnsn Pounder oiAm- 

The Hijlory 0/ T h v e y d i d e s. Lib.4., 

I Of the Defendants, fome were flaine, and 200 talcenA 
Iprifoners. The rcil of the number recouered their GaUies, 
[and got home. Vdium taken on the feuentecnth 
day after the battell , and the Herald , which not long 
aftcr,was fent againc about the fetching away of the dead, 
not knowingit.theSuor d^;i let him haue them , and an- 
fvvcrcd no more as they had formerly done. In the battell 
there dyed Boeotians few lelle then fiue hundred. Atheni- 
ans S^y^ leffethena thoufand, With Hippocrates the Gene- 
rail ; but of light-atmed Souldicrs^and fuch as carried the 
prou ifions of the Army ,a great number. B 

Not longafter this battell, Demoilhenes, that had been 
with his Army at ^/, '/.^^jlceijiv the Treafon fucceeded not, 
hauing aboord his Gaili :\s iils Army o^ uAcarnanians , and,s,2inAioutc hundi\'d men of Armesof ^f^^«;,landed 
in «S/c)'o«z<j. But before all his Gaiiiescame to Shoare, the 
Sicsonians, who went out to defend their Territory , put 
to flight llich as were already landed, and chafed them 
backe to their Gallics ; hauing alfo flaine fome,and taken 
fome aliue And whe th^) had ere<Sed aTrophy,they gaue 
Truce to the Athema^js for the fetching away of their dead. ^ 

About the time that thele things paft at Delittm.dytd Si- 
talceSi King of the 0^r)'^d»5,oucrcome in battel], in an ex- 
pedition againft the TribaUimsi And Seuthes the fon oj Spar- 
docuf, his brothers fonne , fucceeded him , in the kingdomc 
both of the odry/ans, and of the reft of Thrace, as much as 
was before llibieft to Sitalces. 

The fame Winter,Br<jj^^<w , with the Confederates in 
Thrace:, made Warrc vpon ^Amphipolu-^ a Colony of the A- 
thenians , fcijuated on the Riuer Strymon. The place 
whereon the City now i\indcth,At ifiagoraj of Miletus , had j) 
formerly attempted to inhabite, when he fled from King, but was beaten away by the Edonians. Two and 
thirty yeeres after this, the Athenians aflayed the fame , and 
fent thither ten thoufand of their owne Citie,and of others 
as many as would goe. And thcfe were dcftroyed all by , 
the Tbracians at Drabelm. 

In the i9yeereafter,condu<5ledby ^gnon the fonne o/Ni- 
futt, the Athemans came againe , and hauing driuen out the 
fi^o»/Vwj,became Founders of this place , formerly called 
the Nine-wayes, This Array lay then at Eion , a Towneof E 
Traffiqueby theSea-fide^fubicdttothe Athenians, at the 


Lib. 4. TheHiJloryofTnvcYVU'Dis.s. 

A mouch of the Riuer Str^mon ; fine and twenty Furlongs 
from the Citie •,^^«o« named this City Amphipolu, bccaufe 
it vvas lurrounded by the Riuer Strymon.tlut runnes on ei- 
ther When he had taken it in , with a long wall 
from Riuer to Riuer, he put hihabitants into the place, 
being confpicuous round about , both to tlic Sea , and 

Agalnft this Qtie marched ^rafidas with his Armie, 
diflodgingfrom^rw^ein (^WaV^^. Being about twihght 
come as farre as Au\on and Bromifcw, where the Lake 'Bolbf 

B cncreth into theSea,heecaufed his Armieto iuppe, and 
then marched forward by night. The weather was foule, 
and a little it fnowed , which alio made him to march the 
rather, as defiring that none of ^mphipolu, but onely the 
Tray tors-, fhould bee aware of his comming. For there 
were both ArgiUms that dwelt in the fame Citie, (now Ar 
gilm is a Colonic of the i4»^/7^aijandothers,that contriued 
this, induced thereunto, fome by Perdicccu, and fome by 
the Qhalcideans. But aboue all, the ..ArgHians beeingof a 
City necre \'nto it, and euer fuipecTtcd by the Athenian*, znd 

C fecret enemies to the place, as foone as opportunity was 
offered, zwdi B>-aftdas arriued, (who had alio long before 
dealt vnderhand with as many of them as dwelt in Amphi- 
pdujto betray it) both rcceiucd him into their owne Citie, 
and reuolting from the Athenians^ brought the Armie for- 
ward the fame night,as farre as to the bridge of the Riuer. 
The Townc ftood not clofe to the Riuer, nor was there a 
Fort at the Bridge then, as there is now, but they kept it 
onely with a fmall guard of Souldiers. Hauing cafily 
forced this guard, both in refped: of the Treafon, and of 

D the \v.cather, and of his owne yncxpe(Sed approach, hee 
paiVed the Bridge, and was prefently mafler of whatfoelicr 
the Amphipohtans had, that dwelt without. Hauing thus 
luddehly palled the Bridge, and many of thofe without 
beeing flaine, and fome fled into the Citie, the Am- 
pkipolhans, were in very great confufion at it, and the 
rather, becaufe they werciealpus one of another. And it 
is faid, thiti^ BrapJas had not fcntout his Armie to take 
bootIe,buthad marched prefently to the Citie, hechad in 
all likclihood.takffnitthen. But foit was, that he pitch- 

E ed ther^, and fell vpop thofe without, and feeing nothing 
fucce^ded by thoiq within, lay (till vpon the place. But 


The ^rji7/J'.t confpir« :- 
beti ay Aff>fi,ipji.s. 

Mrgitut rcuolictb. 

Urtfiias mnne<i\ihe 
Bridge, andituuftrr 
of all betwecne it an<i 
tile Cuic, 


The /(infh'ip:>li!.xsTctii 

the Author •fihisHi- 

Tzuetxudhy pucjMeS: 
aftcth by ca£c condi- 

tions,to pfocure the 

Towue to yeeU. 

I TbeHiJloiyofTfiyciDiDES, Lib.f. 

th^coricrary F*i(ftlon to the Traytors, being fuperiour in A 
number, whereby the Gates were not opened presently, 
both they and Eucks the Generall, who then there for 
the AtL-nums, to keep the townc/cnt vnto the other Gene- 
rall, Thucydides thejonne ofOlorui, the Writer of this Hillo- 
ric, who had charge in r/;r<jrtr, and was now about rhalhf 
(which is an Hand, and a Colonic of the p^mw/^dirbnt 
from ^•Jw/)/;i/)o///,abouthalteadayes faylej requiring him 
tocome and relecue themv 

When he heard the newes, he went thitherwards in all 
hafte,with (euen Gallies which chanced to be with him B 
I at that time. His purpofe principally was , to preuent 
the ) celding vp of Amphipolu, but if he fhould faile of that, 
then to poiielie himfelfe of Eion , before Brafidiu his com- 

'B -jfida,: 'u the meanc time,fearing the aid of the Gallies, 
to come from Thi^/m , and hauing alio beene informed that 
Thucvitdes poileiled mines of gold in the parts of Thrace 
thereabouts, and wasthereby of ability amongltthe prin- 
cipal! men of the Continent, hafted by all meanes to get 
c/^fwpy/.y/i/, before he fliould arriuc 5 leil otherwife at his 
comming zht Q^nmons of ^mphifolu , cxpcdiing that he 
would leuy Confederates , both from the Sea fide , and in 
Thrncr.iM rcieeue thcm,fliould thereupon refufe toyeeld. 
And to that end, offered them a moderate compofition, 
caufmg to be proclaimed , That wkfoeusr Amphipolitan, 
«r Athenian *(7fi/^, mi^bt continue to ds^ell there, andenioyhii 
Q-^nSy with nm.-i'! and likejorme ofgousrnment^ And that be that 
\-<icoiildnot,J}r!iilAhaus five da^esre^ittfi begone , and carr^Away 
\hii ^o^d.. ^ 

When chv Commons heard this,their mind^s were tur- 
ned 5 and th - raH:h^r,becaufe the ^^thinians amongft them 
were but few, arid the mofl^^'werc a promilcuous multi- 
tude i And the kinfmen of thofc that were taken without, 
flocked together within, and in refpecTt of their feare, they 
all thought the Proclamation reafonable, The Athenians 
thought it lo,becaure they were willing togoe out , as ap- 
prehending their owne danger 'to be greater. , then that of 
the refl,and withall,not eicpecfting'aid in halk ; and fhe 
i-cft of the multitude, as being thereby- both deliuercd of 
the danger, and Nlvithall to retaine their Citie , with the 
cquMlfii-me ojgoucrmncnt^ Infomuch", that they which 
J €onfpired 


L i b. zj..^ Ty^^ Htfl&ry 0/ ThVo- y d 1 D e s . 

lA' con/birci Vvkli'Sr^ifd'.?/--, n6vv opdnF)' iullified the offer to 
i bc'rl-.iItyiiabW/fed {eerw^' 'die mincf s. oF the Com moii s were 
I libs^f tulnedj^ncf that t^he^'gaue e^iie ,110 more to the words 
! oFtiie J^rV;iiM^^G(^neralI^6nei^ci6f]^poundcd , and vpon the 
; c^rtdirbns'pwclaijiiedVVccelued^hitii. Thus did thele 
i iiien deliuci-vp the Citj:'' ■''■'■■ -.'■'''■' 

■ThiUydt^'^WiiH hJs. 0allfes, ^rtiocd in the cuening of 
tl?e-^ '{-\m e dWxl 'Eiofrl- ' %'nfidis had-akeady gotten Amphipo- 
//, and vvancOT^bfa night of takihg Ehn alio , foi* if thefe 
Ci'ilHes hacf liot comcipecdily torelieueic- by ncxt'niior- 

JB ningithad.b^eiieliad."'/ • ■ '"•''■''''■ •' '•/ , ••• 

■ -After t1ii^'T/;/<9''i//^c'ia(Tbred£/^c^, fo as it fhould 'bee 
fif^jboth for the prefdir/thpugh ©M^^^/fliouldaflault it, 
and for the- future •, and tookeinto it, fuch as according to 
dib Proclamation m^de. came dovvhe from Ampbipolis. Bra- 
/^//.t^jWith n'i'aiiy Boats- ckme fuddenly downe the Kiuer 
to ©of?,aiid'attem'ptcs^t6 feazeon the point of the ground 
lyifigouffroin the wall into the Sea,and thereby to com- 
riiand the mouth oftheRiucr-; he aflayed alfo the fame, 
acthe fame t'irneby Land,and was in both beaten off ; but 
Q b>^m;'/;/^o/tjfefurniffled with aU things neccflary. • 
-■'Thenreuoked to him'i5W3r(:/«i«.''aCityp'f the Etonians, 
(''PittacM,tfitKmgohh.cEdomdnr,belng flaine by thcfons 
oi<}oaxy,iti6fhy 'BrdurS his owne wife.) And not long af- 
ter, gapfelwi\\o,zn^6e[yme. Colonies of the Thafiam. Per- 
■diccai alfo,aftcr the takirig of thefe places , came to him, 
and helped him in affuring of the fame. After jimphipolis 
wa s taken ,^ the '^ifeiji^j were brought into great fearc; 
iefpecially, for that it Was a City that yeelded them much 
profit,boch in Timber which is ienttherri for the building 
D ofGallies, andin reuenue of money; and becaufe alfo, 
though the Lrf<r^^<€?Mow?4»j had a paflage open to come a- 
gainll their Confedcratcsfthe Theffaliam conuoyingthemj 
as farre as to Strymon , yet if they had not gotten that 
Bridge^ the K^iuer being vpvvams , nothing but a vaft 
Fenne,and towards E/cw,well guarded with their Gallies, 
they could haue gone no further, which now they 
thought they might eafily doc ; and therefore feared lell 
their Confederates fliould reuolt. For BrafMi both 
fhewed himfclfe otherwife very moderate , and alfo gaue 
E out in fpeech„thathe was fent forth to recouer the liber- 
ty of Gr^^c^. And the Cities, which were fubied: to the 


^mph'polit ycclded. 

ThuijdiHts cowmcth too 
late to relctuc /imf'''):po- 
l»,and pucteth himrcJfe 
into Sien. 

/Ini dcfcndcth i 



Great iaclinatlon of the 
people of thofe parts to 
come in co BraJ/dtu^ 

The sMlcnumi begin to 


The H'ljlf^ry of :T h y 9 yjo ides. L i b. 4 

'Kiysfxt* eu)nxfa.neji. 

rilons to the places ther- 

EYif'dM inu'iei 3t home. 

1 SfhaHeTtt. 

The MigitTcaK'iemo\i(\\ 

their Long-walsjwhich 

were before but difioy- 

iied trom the City ,by the 


ErefidM inuiiiththt 



• ::ir xti rrhn bt hna^tA 

Aihrtti4ns,hc2nr,^ohhcuk\u^,qf ^mphip^lCi , and what A 
allurancehe brought vvith hiin,aiicl;Of his^entlaieflebe- 
i'ldcSy were extremely d^irous,,of .innouaticn 5 and ienc 
Mellcngers priuily to bid him draw neere,cuery one ilri- 
uiiig who fliould flrll reuolc. For they thouglit rhey 
might doe it boldly, faifelyertimawg the ppwer of the^ 
Atb^niifis to be lellethqi afterwards it appeared, and ma- 
king a iudgment of it according to blind wilfuhiefle,rather, 
then fafe forecall. It being thefafliion of n?en,whati they 
vviili to be true to admit, cuen vpon an vngrou^ided hope^ 
and what they vviHi not,with a*Magi(lrall kind of argu- B 
ingtoreied. . WithaU,becanfethc^^/;m"^wj -had lately 
receiued a blow from the Bccotians.^nd bccaufe irafidas had 
laid , not as was the truth , but as ferued belt to allure 
them, that when he was azNif^ea, the Athenians durd not 
fight with thofe forces of his alone', they grew confident 
thereon,and beleeiicd not that any man would come againft 
them. Butthcgrcatetlcaufeofallwas, thatfor rhede- 
light they tookeat this time to innouate,and for that they 
were to makctriall of die Laced^monims^ not till now an- 
gry, they were content by anymeanes to put it to the /-. 
hazzard. Which being perceiued , tht Athenians km 
Garrifon Souldicrs into thofe Citie$,as many as the fhort- 
nefl'e of the timc,and the fcafon of Winter would permit. 
And Bra/idaskntyntoLaced^mon, to demand greater for- 
and in the meanetime prepared to .build Gallics on 


the Riuer of Strymon. ^t the Ldced^monians , partly 
through enuy of the principall men, and partly , becaulc 
they more affedicd the redemption of their men taken in 
the * Iland,and the ending of the Warre,refufed to furnifh 

The fame Winter , the JMegaream hauing recouered 
their Long- walls,holden by the Jithenians , rafed them to 
the very ground. 

(Bra(idaj, zkcr the taking of^mphipoluM^u'ingwkh him 
the Confederates, marched with his Army into the Ter- 
ritory called ^<^^. This v4(^tf is that prominent Territo- 
rie, which Is difioyncd from the Continent , by a Ditch 
made by the* King. And ^thos a high mountainc in 
the fmie,determineth at the j£gean Sea. Of the Cities it 
hath one is Sane.z Colony of the^«</r/<i>M,by the fide of the 
faid Ditch,on the part which lookcth to the Sea, towards, 

Eulffxa ; 


Lib.^, Thk'HiJiorjofTHVcYDiDES, 

A Euh(xa-, ThcYQ^^tzThylJm.CUon^, Acrothoi, Olophyxiif, and' 
Dion, and are inhabited by proniifcuous 'BoOanMs of *two 
languages,- fome few there arealio of the Chalcidcm Na- 
tion^buc the mod arc felafgiqitc, of thofe Tyrrhene Nations 
that once inhabited Jibens^ and Letnnus ; and of tlic 'Bifal- 
tique znd Chr^jionique Nations, znd FJonians -^ and dwell in 
fmall Cities, the moll of whicli yeelded to 'Bm-idai. But 
Sane.znd Dion held out ; for which caufe he ilaycd with 
hisArmyand watted their Territories. Buc feeing they 
would not hearken vnco him , he led his Army prefcntly 

■g z^im^Torone 0^ Ch.^kidca,hddhy iht^hcnhrr.i. He was 
calledinbythe Fi-'w, who were ready vvirhall to deliuer 
him thcCitie, andarriuing there a little before 'orcake of 
day, he fate downs with his Army at the XnipU OiCafior 
and 'Fo'lux, dillant about three Furlongs from the Citie. 
So that to the red of the City, and to the Athenian Garri- 
fon in itjiiscomming was vnpercciucd. But the Traitors 
knowing heev/as to come, (lome few of them, being alfo 
priuily gone to him ) attended his approach , and when 
they perceiued he was come^they tookcin vnto them feucn 

Q menarmedonely with Daggers, ( for of twenty appoin- 
ted at firft to that fcruice , feucn only had the courage to 
go in, and were led by Lyfiftratw of 0/>'«;^w3 which getting 
ouer the wal towards the main Sea vnfeen,went vpCfor the 
Towne ftandeth on a hils fidejto the watch that kept the 
vpper end of the Towne,and hauing flaine the watchmen, 
brake open the Poftcrne Gate towards Cnna(Is,t u Dral^dcu 
this while,with the rcitof his Army , lay lli'l, and then 
comminga little forward fen t rooTargettiers before,who 
when the Gates fhould be opened, and figne agreed on be 

r) fet vp,fhould run in firll. Thefe men expecting long,and 
wondering at the matter,by little and little were at length 
come vp clofe to the City. Thofe Tcronxans within, which 
helped the men that entred to performc the enterprize, 
when the Pollcrne Gate was broken open , and the Gate 
leading to the Market place opened lifcewife^by cutting a- 
fundcr the Barre,went fird and fetcht fome of them about 
to the Po{lerne,to the end that they might fuddenly af- 
fright fuch of the Towne as knew not the matter,both be- 
hind,andon either fide^and then they put vp the figne ap- 
pointed, which was fire,and receiued the red of the Tar- 
getciersby the Gate chat leadcth to the iMarkec place. 

JSr n BrafMi 


'Thi GticVe,<tndibeir 
wif Ijatbatian. 

TorexeTettokcih toBu- 

Thcmannirliow tlic 
lownc vvai betrayed. 


TheHi/lorj of T nycY VIDE s. Lib.4.. 

The Towne taken. 

The Aibc>ihnsc(cape into 

Caftle of the lawe 
called Uijihia. 

Srafidoihh fpced 

Brafld^u, when he favvthefigne^maclehis Array rife^and A 
with a huge cry of all at once,to the great terrour of rhofe 
within ,cntred into the City running. Some went diredUy 
in by the Gate, andfome by certainc fquared Timber- 
trees , which lay at the wall ( which hauing been lately 
downe,was now againe in building) for the drawing \p of 
Stone. B/-.7/?^tr/ therefore, with the greateft number, be- 
tooke himfdfe to thehighell places of the City, to make 
fure.the winning of it, by poflefsing the places of aduan- 


But the reft of the Rabble ran difperfed here and B 
there,without difference. When the Towne was taken, 
the moft of the Teroiuans were much troubled , becaufe 
they were not acquainted with the matter , but the Con- 
lpirai:ors,and fuch as were pleafed with it, ioyned them- 
lelues prefcntly with thofe that entred. The Athenians (of 
whichthere were about fifty men of Amies aflecpe in 
the Market placejwhen they knew what had happened, 
iled all,except lome few that were ilaine vpon the-plaee, 
feme by I^andjfome by water in two Gallics that kept 
watch there,and fauedthemfelucs in Lccytbus; which was ,-, 
•a Fort which they themfelues held, cut off from the rcfl of 
the City to theSea-ward,in a narrow //?^mtw. And thither 
alfo fled all fuch Toronaanszs were affed:ed to them. Being 
now day,and the City ilronglypoffeffed, Brajidcu caufeda 
Proclamation to be made,that thofe r<7riJ«<<?^»j which were 
fled with the Athenians , might come backe , as many as 
would, to their owne, and Inhabite there in fecurity. To 
the Athenians he fent a Herald , bidding them depart out of 
Lecythii^, vnder Truce, with all that they had , as a place 
that belonged to the (Jtakideans . . The Athenians denyed to 
quit the place, but the Truce they defired for one day, 
for the taking vp of their dead. And 'Brafidcii granted 
it for two. In which two dayes, hee fortified the buil- 
dings neere, and lo alfo did the Athenians theirs. Hee alfo 
called an.Aflbmbly of the Toronams.zndlipdkt vnto them, 
as hee had done before to the iAcanthians , adding. That 
there was no iuft cauje , Tchy either they: that had praBiJed 
to put the Citie into his hands, ./hould he the yvor(e thought' o},or 
\accounted Traitors fpr it y feeing that they .did it y. with no 
intent to bring the Citie into feruiiude , nor were hired th'ere- 
\'-vnto ypith money y but jor the benefit. y. and Ubertis of 
I the 


Lib, zj.. The Htjlory of T hv cy d id r s. 

A the (jticfOr th\it they l^hich Ifere mt made accjuaiutcJ mtlit^ 
Jhokld thiith:, thjit themjclucs were not to rcapc as much good by it 
a^ the others. For h? ccffie not to dejlroy cither City ^ or wan I'M 
had therefore viadeth:it Proclamation touching tho/e that Jicd l^Ath 


the Athenians, hecaufe he thought them nemr the worje for that 
friciKljhqy/ind K:ade account Ti^hen they had made try all of the Lace- 
d-Xinor;ianSjf/^(?> would p?cTi' ai much good will aljo ^onto them , or 
rather moreen as much an they "H^onld behaue themjelues "iiuth more 
equity ; and that their prefent f ear e. was onely 'Vpon yi^ant of tryall. 
Withal!^ hcTtiJJ)edthem to prepare them/clues to he true Confederates 

B for the future, and from hence forward, to looke to haue tht:ir faults im- 
puted. For, for y^^hat mas pafl he thought they had not done any 
li>rong^ hutfujfered it rather from other men that "^ere too ftrongfor 
them and therefore wer e to be pardoned ^ if they had in ought beene a- 
gainft him. 

When he had thus fald.and put them againe into heart, 
the Truce being expired,hc made diucrs allkuks vpon Lc- 
cx'h". The Aiher/hins fought againll them from the 
Wdil,though a bad one,and from the houfes, fuch as had 
Battiements,and for the firlt day, kept them off. But the 

C next (hy^ when the enemies were to bring to the Wall a 
great Bngine, out of which they intended to call fire vpon 
tjieir Woodden Fences,and that the Army was now com- 
i.rng vp to the place where they thought they might bed 
apply the Engine^and which was eafiefl: to be ailaultcd, 
The Athefiians, hauing vpon the top or the building , erc- 
(fted a Turret of Wood, and carried vp many Buckets of 
Water, and many men beingalfo gone Vp into it, the buil- 
ding ouercharged with weight/cll fuddeply to the ground, 
and tliat with {o huge a noyfe^ that thoug-li thofe which 

D were neere and faw it,were grieued more then afraid , ytt 
fuch as Rood Further oiT^ efpecialiy thcfarthefi: ofall,fup- 
pofing the place to be in that part already taken, fled as 
fail as they could towards the Sea,and went aboord their 

f]f'/?/?fl^(i/,whsn hcperceiued the Battlements to be aban- 
doned, and law what had happened, came on with his 
Army, and prefently got the Fort, and flew all that he 
found within it. But the red of the Athenians, wJiich 
before abandoned the place, with their Boats and Gailies, 

E put themlelues . into -Talkne. 

There was in Lecytbm a Temple of Mynerva. 
Nn 2, And 

Lrafiki takcib I nyih-^;. 


^heHiJloryofTnwcYiiiTiES, Lib.^.. 

The Nimth 

"^ lESB. 

Tht ir.otiuc? to Truce 
on cither £de. 

The Articles of the 

And when Brafidcu was about to glue the aiiault , hee A 
had made Proclamation, that whofoeuer fird fcaled the 
vvall,fhould haue * 50 Min.€ of liliier , for a reward, ^m- now conceiuing that the place was won, by meanes 
not humane, gaue thofe ^onm^, to the Goddeile, to the 
vie of the Temple. And then pulling downe Lecyrhw^liQ 
built it anew,and confecrated vnto her the whole place. 
The rell of this VVinter,he fpent in alluring the places he 
had already gotten , and in contriuing the conquefl of 
more. Which Winter ending, ended the eighth yeere of 
this Warre. B 

The Lacedamonia'is.znd Athenians, in the Spring of the 
Summer foUowing^made a cellationof Arraes, prefcntly, 
for a yeere,hauing reputed witbthemfeluesj the Athenians^ 
that 'BrafJiXs Ihould by this meanes caufe ip more of 
their Cities to reuolt, but that by this leafure they might 
prepare to fecure them 5 and that if this fufpenfion liked 
them, they might afterwards make fome agreement for a 
longer time j The Laced^emoniam , that the j\thenuins fea- 
ring what they fcared,would vpon the taftc of this inter- 
mifsion of their miferies,and weary-life , be the willinger ^ 
to compound, and with the reditution of their men, to 
conclude a Peace for a longer time. For they would 
faine haue recouered their men,whilell Braftdm his good 
fortune continued, and whileil, if they could not r^coucr 
them,thcy might yct(!8r^/^^ profpering,and fetting them 
equall with ihs ^thenians)tTy it out vpon cuen termes,and 
get the viftory. Whereupon a fufpenfion of Armes was 
concluded , comprehending both themlclues», and their 
Confederates, in thefe words; 

Concerning the Temple and Or^c/^o/ Apollo Pythius, it ^ 
[etmethgood yntQ^Sythatwhojoeuerwill.may Tt>ithout fraud , and 
without f ear CyCuke comfeti thereat ^according to the La-stes of hit 
Cotmirej. The fame alfo feemetb good to the Lacedarmonians 
and their Confederates,here prefent:,and the^ promt/e moreouer, to 
fendA/nbajJadors to the Boeotians andVhocc^ns , and doe their 
beji toperf'^iids them to the fame. 

That concerning the treafure belonging to the god, we fbaOtake 
care to find out thoje that haue offended therein , both wee and yoUy 
proceeding with right and equit;^ , according to the Lawesofourfe- 
ueraH States . And that whofoeuer elfe wHl^mi^y doe the fame ^cuery E 
one according to the Law o/his owne Qountrey. 


Lib. 4. The Hijiory o/T h v c y d 1 d e s. 

A Ijthe Arhenlans "^ill accord that each fide fjall kecpe within 
their owneb'juiidi, retaining what they mli> pojfejj'e y the LiCQdx- 
monhns, arid the rejiofthe (Confederates jtouchiu^the/ame ^ thinke 
good thus, 

That the Laced.Tmonians in Coryphafium ,y?i{> Vithin the 
mountaifics o/Bup]iras,W Tomeus.W the Arlieiiians w Cy- 
tiiera,^/W;o«f toynirio^ together in any League pther we li;ith them ^ 
or they with ys. 

J hat thojc in Nifea and Minoa, paffe not the high way, which 
from the Gate ofMcgird,neere the I emple of NUusJeadeth to the 
-g Temple 0^ Neptune, and /ojiraight forward to the bridge that lies 
oner mto Minoa . 7 hat the Megareans paf^e not the fame High- 
T^yay , }ior into the Hand fi>hich the Athenians haue taken ; Neither 
hailing comn:erce Ti'ith other. 

7 hat the jVlegareans keepe Ti>hat they nowpojjejfe in Troezen, 
and what they had before by agreement with the Athenians, and 
haue free TSLAuigationjboth yponthe Coajles of their oTi^ne Territories, 
and their ( onfederates. 

That the Laccdaniionians and their Confederates JJ?all paffe 
the Seas not in a * long Shipyhitt in any other boat, roT^ed with Oares, 
Q of burden net exceeding 50© Talents, ihat the Heralds and Am- 
bafadors that pall paffe bet^eene both fides fir the ending of the 
Warr e, or for trials oj ludgement, may got, ayid come, -feithout im- 
peachment, Vith as many followers ei^ they fhall thinke good, both 
by Sea ^and Land. 

J hat during this time of Truce , neither we nor you receiue one ano- 
ther s ftigitiues free, nor bond. 

1 hatyou to "Vs, and we to you Jl?all afford La'V according to the 
a.fe of our feuerall States, to the end our Contrmerfies may be deci- 
ded ludicially, "Without Warre. 
O ihis^ thought good by the hzcedxmoniins^and their Confede- 
rMtes.'Buttfyou fhall conceiue any other Articles more fairt ,or of more 
equity then thefe, then f} all you goe and declare the fame at Lacedx- 
mon. For neither fhall the Licedaemonians, nor their Confede- 
rates refufe any thing that you fhall make appeare to be iuji. But let 
thoje thatgoe, goe^ith full Authority, euen asyou doeno"^ require it 
of ys That thisTruce flmU be for ayeere. 

The people decreed ft. Aca mantis was. * "Treftdent of the 
Anembly. Ph^enippus the^ Scribe. Niciades *Ouerfeer ,and 
'Ldiches pronounced thefe "^ords : With good fortune to the 
p people of .Athens, a fufpcnfionof Armes is concluded, accor- 
ding as the Lacedemonians and their Confederates haue 

agreed -, 


» to%gjljipii»(reef'jfe far 
the n'drrtysnd tbettfere 
here excluded yd they Lad 
Uaue to iji vtSe/i that w^ ni 
rfith the OMCyfolhej were 

the ndKe if a-.. Offiuer th^t 

c w.ts but lor a day, and 
he that haditjWiUone cf 






♦ \3-7nrJi>m,theyfu>'if>ced 
at the aaliiitg tfaUtatidi 
btlwttnt C'tici, 

The reuolt oiSchnc. 

Bra|fii»/goeih oucr in a 
before biin,ancl his rca- 

agrccd ^ ^jid they coijhited hfore the ptopJe , lhtthe'f::lpcu on A 
JJjonhi conthiv.ejor ayecre j heginn'mg that jcitrif day J^ang the four - 
tetnthofthc wo«£r/.> * Elaphebolion. hit-hkh trnie the Avi- 
kxJJaJors and Her aids. go'in^ from one ftde to the ether ,jhould treat 
aboutajinall cndeftheWarres. Jnd that the Commanders of the 
/jviy^andthe ^reftdents of the City calling an JJfcirbly, r/?e Arhc- 
nhnsfhould hold a CottnccU tmching the manner of Umhafptge^for 
ending of the Warrefrjl. /nd the Ambajfadors there preJentJhouU 
nol» immediately ft' care this Truce for aycere. The Umc Ar- 
ticles, the Laced^monmns propounded , and the Ccnfcde- 
TAtesagrecdvnto, with the. 'If^^-tt/^j, and their Cbnfede- g 
rate^ in Lnced.err.on , on the twelfth day of tlie QcrafiiGn. 
The men that agreed vpon thefe Articles and ^facrificed, 
were thde,'X'/^. Or {.\\<i I Mced<)emonians ^ Taurus the fcnne of 
Echetimii(ii^Athcn£}is thefonne of'TericlciJas, and 'Thilocharidits, 
thtjonne ofEryxidiUdas. OF the Corinthians^ JEnea^s the fonne of 
OcyteSjZwd Euphamida^ the fonne of yy^.rijlonymw . Of thQ-Stcyoni-. 
ans{Datiiotimas the fonne of Islaucrates j d-wdOnefinms the fonne of 
Mcgacles, Ofthe Aff^^r^^uv, Nicafus ihefome of Cenalus , and 
Menecrates thefonne of J mphiddriis. OF th e Epidaurians, ^mpht- 
As the fonne of Fupdidasi Oi the Athenians theGcnenls them- n 
k\ues,Nicoftratw the fonne of Viotrephes, Kicias the fonne of Ki~ 
ceratHS , and Autocles the fonne of Tolm^eus. Thisv^as the 
Truccjand during the fame.they werecontiniially in Trea- 
ty,about a longer Peace. 

About the lame timc,whilefl: they were goiil* to and 
fi"0,s\/i)«tf aCitty m Pallene reuolted From the '^tbcnians 
to 'Braf das. The \SV/0«<€<iwj fay that they 'be P demons def- 
ccndeii of thofe oWeioponttejut , and ' tha:t' their Aficedors 
pafsing the Seas fromTn?;'^ wcredriueniinby aTempeil:, 
which tolled the Jch^ms vp arid downe;and planted them- 
felucs in the place they now dwell in. '3>'a0ii} \'pon 
their reUolt,we«t ouer into 5cw;^ by night, andthoiiglvh^ 
had aGalHe,with him that weiitbefdre,' yet he li^irflfe 
follov/ed a looFe,in a Light-horfeman.Hi^'rtafon-'CvaV this, 
that if his Light-horfcmaii fhbuld' be iallauited by fome 
greater VeilHl, the Gaily woiJldKlefend >kv ^But" if hec 
met with a Gaily equall to' his owH3^'»^hee made ac- 
count that fuch a one would not alVault his Boat , but ra- 
ther theGally,whereby he might in the mearte tiine goe 
throijgh'infafcty. When he was ou^'r',' and had called £ 
thcsc.oyfxam toafflemblyyheifpakevnrochem as hec had 


•Lib. 4- TheHiJloryofTnvc ydi b is. 

A done before to them o^ ^canthm^zndTorona, adding, j' 
they ofnfi the r^ft ypere mo[l worthy to b.s commended , m asm neb 
usVdWcnQ.bsinff cutofin thelUhmusby the Athenians that 
pofaf/c Vot[dx2L,andb2m^ no other then liandcrs, didya of their 
owne accord corns jorth to meet their libery^ aad]tayed not through 
co\9drdlin''p, till they miijl ofncccj^ity baiicb.:eucompeiled to their 
Oyvne tnanip-jl good. Which xcas an argdmcnt , that they would 
<valiantly nmdergosany other great fmitcr, to bane thtirStau or' 
dered to their mindeS' Jnithat he ycoidd <verily hold them for' 
t>ioj'ifaithfiillfri:nds to the Lacedemonians, and alfo otherVije- 

B do's them honour. The Sciom€a:is were erected with thele 
words of his;and now eucry one ahke encouraged, as well 
they that Hked not what was done, as thofe that iiked it, 
cntv::rtain?d a purpofe , iloutly to vndergoe the Warre - 
and recciued ©M//V^/ both otherwife honourably, :^nd 
crowned him with a Crowne of gold, in the name of the 
Citie^as the d.^liuerer o'cG^-eees. And priuate perlbns ho- 
nQLii*^ him with Garlands,and cams tohim-^ • as they vfe 
todo2, to a Champion that hath wonne a prize. But he 
lejuing there a fmall (iarrifon for thepref^iiCiCarme backe; 

C aod not longafter^carricdmiera greater Army;,: with de^ 
figne,by the helpe of thofe of .S<:/o«f;; to make; bn attempt 
\poxlil^hda•^nd ^otid^a^. ■ For he thought thz- Athenians 
we^ld fend fuccoursto the place , as to an Hand , and de- 
fifed to preucnt them . Withall he had in hand a praftife 
with. fome within to haue tholib Cities betrayed. So he 
attended, readyto vndertake that enterprize.; ' . • 

But in themeane time,came vnto him in 2.Qi\\\\ArJflc' 
mriiia for the Athenians .znd Athen^m for the, Ldad^cmonidns , 
that carried about the ncwes of the Truce. -.Whereupon 

D he fentawayhis Army againeto rcv-ow.". Andxhcfe men 
related vnto Braild. is, the Articles of the agreement. The 
Confederates ,6f the L aced^momam / in Thraa; approucd of 
what "was do.aej and Jiriftoriymui had in all- other things 
fatkfaction,; BUC for the Smn^ansy whofe reuolc by com^ 
putation pf the dayes, he had found: to be after die making 
of tbeTruceVhe dcnyed, that they .were comprehended 
therein. . Sm/4ki'iaidnitjchin.cQiitradidtionof this^ and 
that the Cicie;.Lis6iiioltedi 'before the Truce ,■ arid refufcd Co 
render it. But when Arijhnymm had.ient to, }d^hem< taiiif 

E forme them of':the matter, the Ath^nmns 'wcrerjieady pre- 

femlyjxo .haii§rf$nc an Armiy againd ScioncTWrLaeed^mo- 

: ,-.Vv nians 


BKifiifa-) bii fpccch to the 


The honour done to 
BiitfiitM by the Scmi.zrs, 

Erafidas rcceiueth newej 
of the Cufptnfion of 

Difference betvvcene 
the AiheKans anil Lactdit- 
monms^ihowi the refti- 
tutipn of Sn(j»f,\vhich 
rcuoltcd sffCr the True.' 
niaiic,bi.t before the 
Uctd^mcmm knew of k 

iSo I ^hcHiJlory of TnwcY DID ES. Lib.4.. 

The ^ihnitm prepare 
toWarre onSaone. 


rim in the meane time, fenc Ambailadours to the Aiheni- A 
am, to tell thcm,thatthey could not fend an Army againrt: 
it without breach of the Truce, and vpon /r<///£/tW his 
word;challengcd the City to belong vnto them , offering 
thcmfclues to the decifion of Law. But the Athenians 
would by no meanes put the matter to iudgemenc. But 
meant,vvith all the fpeed they could make,to fend an Ar- 
my agiiinll it. Being angry at the heart , that it fhould 
come to this palVe,that euen Ilanders durlf reuolt, & truft 
to thcvnprotitablchelpeoftheftrength of the Laced<emo~ 
«/Vw5 by Land. Bcfides, tonchingthc time of the reuolc, B 
I the AthenhWi had more truth on their fide then themfelues 
jalleadged. For the reuolt of the Scioneans was after the 
? a" aSr- '^*'*''''^' j Truce two daycs. Whereupon , by the aduice of Qieon^ 
they made a Decre2,to take them by fcrce.and to put them 
ail to the Sword. And forbearing Warrc in ail places elk, 
they prepared themfelues onely for that. 

In the meanc time reuolted alfo yi4enda in Talkne, a Co- 
lony of the Eretrians. Thefe alfo ^raf.das receiued into 
proted:ion,holding it for no wrong , becaufe they came in 
openly in time of Truce. And fomewhat there was alfo, C 
which he charged the Athenians with, about breach of the 
Truce. For which caufe the M<?»fl<c.wi had alio beene the 
bolder, as*fureof the intention of Brafidaj , which they 
might guefle at by Scione, in as much as he could not be 
gotten todeliuer it. Withall, the Few were they , which 
had pradtifed the reuolt, who being once about it , would 
by no meanes giueit ouer,but fearing left they fhould bee 
difcouered, forced the multitude, contrary to their owne 
inclination to the fame. The Athenians being hereof pre- 
fen:ly aduertifed , and much more angry now then before, ^ 
made preparation to Warre vpon both, and 'BrafJas expe- 
cting that they would fend a Fleet againll them , receiued 
the women and children of the Scion^m , and JMtndxans 
into Olynthm in Qhalcidea, and fent ouer thither 500 Pelopon- 
ncfian men of Armes,and 5 00 Qhalcidean Targettiers , and 
for Commander of them all , Polydamidas. And thofe 
that were left in SaV'/i^, ^ndMenda^ ioyned in the admini- 
ilrationof theiraffaircs^ascxpcdlingto haue the Athenian 
Fleet immediately with them. 

In the meanc time Br^/f^<i/, zud Perdicccu , with ioyntE 
forces march into Lyncm againli ArMiCUs,t\it fccond time. 



TerMfcod anA Br nf:bs 
ioyntly Jnuade Anhibtcu*. 

Lib. ^. The Hifiory (?/Thvcydides. 


A ^c?ny/cf^ led with him the power of the Macedonians his 
fLjbiedl:s,and luch Grecian men of Armcs as dwelt among 
them. Brafidas bchdcs the Pcloponmjians that were left 
iiim Jed with him the Chalcideansyyicamhians, and the rell, 
according to the Forces they could feuerally make. The 
whole number ofthcG;e.7.:3/» men of Amies were about 
^oco. The horfemcn , both Mace hnims y ^nd Chalcide- 
tfvj.lomewhat leile then 1000, but the other Rabble of 
Z^j'/'iJA-wjj was great. Being entred the Territory ot A'-rhi- 
Uii, and finding the Lynccfleans encamped in the field , 

B th.-yallofatedovvneoppofiteto their Campe. And the 
Foot of each llde,being lodged vpon a hil,and a Plain lying 
bjrwixt them both , the horfemen ran downc into the 
fam? and a skirmidi followed, firll betweene the Horfe 
oiiely of them both ; but afcerwards,the men of Armes of 
the L'vnc:-[i:r7u commingdowne to aide their Horfe from 
the hillandofFring battell ^d\^ralidas and Perdiccas drew 
downe their Army likewife, and charging put the Lynce- 
jiims to fiight,many of which being fliine, the reft retired 
to the hill top,and lay ftill. After this,they eredied a Ti-6- 

Q phy and llayed two or three dayes expedting the lUyriam, 
who were comming to Perdiccjn vpon hire, and "Perdiccas 
meant afterwards to haue gone on againll the Villages 
of ArrbibdM onz after another, and to haue fitten Hill there 
no longer. But !Bralidas. hauing his thoughts on Menda,\eii 
if the Athenians came thither before his returne , it fhould 
recciuc fome blow . feeing withall that the lHyrians canic 
notjhad no liking to doe lo,but rather to retire. Whilefi 
they thus varied, word was brought that the lHyrians had 
betrayed Perdiccas, Sc ioyned themfclues with Arrhibavj. So 

D that now it was thought good to retyre,by them both , for 
feare of thefe,who were a warlike people , but yet for the 
timewhento march,there was nothing cocluded by rcalbn 
of their variance.The nextpight^the Macedonians i^nd mul- 
titude of Bar hariansi^s it is vfuall with great Armies to be 
terrified vponcaufes vnknownejbeing fuddenly affrighted: 
and fuppofing them to be many more in number then they ^ 
were,andeuennow vpon them,bctooke themfelues to pre-: 
fent flight,& went home .And P^rdVcc^.f , who at firil; knew 
not of it,they conftrained when he knew , before he had 

E fpokcn with 'B'/('fi:ias,(th6.r Cam'pes being farre afunderj 
toba gone ^UQ^Brafidasbcumes in the morning,when hec 


PcrdiccM e:tpe&eih mer- 
cenary aide out ot lUytn. 

The Ulyrlant com e and 
tuine to Arrbibxut. 



The MacedetMKt rpon a: 
fuddcn feare run away, 
and dcfert BuftdM, 



The Hi/lory o/^Thvcydides. Lib. ^. 

vnderltood chac the 2>[acedorJjns were gone away vvichouc * 
him, and that the ;//>n4»i, and ^rrbil;>6ans were comming 
vpon hhTi,putting his men of Armes into a fqiiare forme, 
and receiuing the multitude of his hght-armed into the 
middeil, intended to retire likcwife. The youngell men 
of his Souldiersjie appointed to run out vpon the enemy, 
when they charged the Army any where with fliot; 
and he himfclfe with three hundred chofcn men , mar- 
ching in the Rere, intended, as he retyred, to fuflaine 
the formofl: of the enemy fighting , if they came dole vp. 
But before the enemie approached , hee encouraged liis ^ thefhortneiieoftimcgaue himlcaue, with 
words to this effect. 


B R A S I D A S to his 


ME2N(o/Peloponnefus,i/'Ii^/^ not miJfirnH ,in reJpeH 
you are thus abandoned by the Macedonians ;, and that the q 
Barbarian su'/'/f/; come a;ponyou, are marty, that yon Ti>ere 
afraid.IJJ?oHld not at this time inJiruElyou , and encourage you as I 
doe. 'But noTfi againfl this defertion of your companions y and the mul- 
titude of your enemies ylToill endeuour "iUth a port injlruHion and 
hortatiuc pgiue you encouragement to the full. For, to be good Soul- 
diers, is Vntoyou naturall^not by the prefence of any (^onfidarates ^ 
but by your o>«f yalour ; and not tofeare others for the number, fee- 
ingyou are not come from a Citie where the Many beare rule ouer 
the ¥QW,butthe ¥ew ouer Many , and hane gotten this for 
pother by no other meanes then by ouercomming in fght. y.nd as £) 
thefe Barbarians, whom through ignorance youfeare^ you may take 
notice both by the former battels fought by Vs again/} them before , in 
fdU'jur of the MnccdonhnSjandal/oby t^hatlmy felfe conieEture, 
and hauc heard by others, that they haue no great danger in thm. 
for when any enemy "^hatfoeuer makcth Jhew ef flrength , being 
indeed weake , the truth once kno'^ne , doth rather ferue to 
Embolden the other ftde ^ "whereas againfi fuch as kiue ya- 
lour indeed , a man will bee the boldefl , fehm hee kno^eth the 
leajl. ihefemcnhere^ to fuch aslxiue not ttyed them, doe indeed 
make terrible ojfers -, for the fight of -their number , is 
fearefuU ■ the greatneffe cf their cry intoltrable j and the 


4.. The Hijiory of Thv CY DID Es. 


j\fVAine jhdhingof their weapons onh't^h ^ u not mthout fignijidi 
tion of menacing. But they are not anj^crabk to this , when 
with fuch Orsfiand them ^they come to Howes. For fighting l^ithotit or- 
der , they Tfill juit their place Ti>ithoutp?ame , if they he once pre fled, 
and feeing it is with themJmiOHrable alike to fight, or run away, their 
'Valours areneuer caHedin quejlion. ^4nd a hattell Tif herein eucry one 
may doe AS he liji^ajfords them a more handfome excufe to/aue them- 
Jelues. But they trujl rather in their Jlanding out of danger ^and ter- 
rifying njs afarre ojf^then in conming to hands Tfith <vs/or elfe they 
IPould rather haue taken that courfe then this. Andyoujee mamfeji- 
g ly^that all that leAi before terrible in them,is in ejfe^t little .and [ernes 
onely to^rgeyou to be going , Tfith their jheTif and noyfe. Which if 
you fuftaine at their fir/l commingon^and againe withdrali> your felues 
J}ill,a^ you jhal! haue leajure^ in your order and places , you Jhall not 
onely come thefooner to a place offafety , butjhall learne alj'o a(TainJi 
hereafter, that fuch a (gabble as this , to men prepared to endure thefr 
Jirjl charge, doe but makeaflourijh of<valour ^ Utith threats from a 
f arre, before the battell i but to fuch 04 giue them ground , they are 
eagn enough tofeeme couragtom ;fi?here they may doe itfafely. 

Q W\\Qn.Brafid(u had made his exhortation, he led away 
his Army. And the 'Barbarians feeing it, preflcd after them 
.with great cryes and tumult, as^ luppofing he fled. But 
feeing that thofe who were appointed to runne out vpon 
them, did fo, and met them,which way foeuer' they came 
on -and that Brajidoj himfeifc with his chofen band 
fudalned them where they charged clofe, and endured the 
firft bruiitjbeyond their expe(3:ation , and feeing alfo th^t 
afterwardscontinually when they charged, the other re- 
ceiucd them and fought,and when they ccafed , the other 

D retired, then at length the greateft part of the 'Barbarians 
forbore the Grecians , that with Brafidcu were in the open 
field, and leauing a part to follow them with (hot , the 
red ranne with all Ipeed after the SMacedonians which 
were fled, of whom, as many as they ouertookc, they 
flew; andwichall^pn-cpolVefledthe paflagc, which is a 
narrow one betweenc two hills , giuing entrance into the 
Countreyof^rr/)i/'<€,{^, knowing that there was no other 
pallage,by which Brafdis could get away. And when he 
was come to the very flrait , they were going about him, 

E to haue cut him off. He, when he faw tl-iis,commanded 

the 5 Do that were with him , torunnc cuery man as fait 

Oo z as 

BrtfiJa* draweth away 
kis ariny.and the Swii*. 
rwn< follow hia. 

The lUyritni purfu* the 
Miuedmtau,\eAuin^ part 
of their atniy to follow 


BrafiUs Tcag-cfh the top 
of the hiJl by which he 
was to paflc. 



Mactdemam for abando- 
ning them. 

PoSciM and trAfiM 


The Mtodtdtii entarope 

7 he HiJloTj of T BY CT D I -D B s. Lib4l 

a7hc eoukl to one of the cops-^.which^of tliem they could 'it 
eafilien. get vp tOjand try if they couldxiriue dovvnc thole 
'BAibarians that were now going vp to thefime,before any 
greater number was aboue to heinme them in. Thele ac- 
cordingly fought vvith,and ouercame thoie ' L\jr •'/jr//i«j vp- 
lonchehill.aud thereby the relief the Army marched the 
inprc cafily to the top. For this beating of them Irom the 
vantage of thchill,madetheBi3r^4r//»»j alio afraid;'.lb.thac 
they followed them no further, conceiuing withali, that 
they were now at theConfines^i^ already ckapedtliroijgh. 
Br^^.w,hauing now gotte.thc hils,.6iiii^ri.hing with more g 
fafety,camc fixil the fame^dayito ^w^^^dfdiedoniinioriof 
Tadiccai' Aadihc Soldiers of-thelelues being angry with 
the Macedonians Joi leuuing rhem behind5whatfocuer teeras 
of Oxen, or fardles id lien froirl any man fas was likely to 
happen in a retreat, made in feare, and in the night ) they 
lighted on by the way , the Qjc^n they Cut in pieces^& c<iok 
the fardles to thereluesi.And.£rorat4ii,S:time didl>a-4kc(u 
firll efleera Bra/id^J a«> husjeflemy ,andiaftcrwards hatcsdthe 
1'elcponnefhws , not with ordinary hatred for the Athenians 
fai:c-,butbe^gYtcerJy faUea:<>Utwith.,him, about Hii own ^ 
particular iritereiil,iought meaaes as fobric as.he. coubdj t^ 
Gorhpouiii wkl^thcie, ^ co.bedifleagued from the pdhei?. 
. Sr^Vii/ at hJ5 cocurnebutof-M4fe/^(j«74 to Tcrons^ Jound 
that the jHi^^wrrifji^ had already taken M<?«^<i, and therefore 
flaying there(for he thought it impofsibieto pafle,ouer in- 
to PaUem^iLnd to recoucr Menda)he kept good watch vpon 
7>r(?«?.For aboutthe time thatthefe things paffed ambngft 
the Lynceftems,tht Jtheriws 2ktT all w^sin readincire , fet 
faylc for SMcndnzndScime^ with 50 Gallies , whereof 10 
were oiQmu^znd looo menof Arraes of their owneCicyj 
600 Archers, loco 7V;r4a4BMcrcenaries,and other Tar- 
gettiers of their owne Confederates thcreabouts,vndei the 
conduc^t o^ Niciuthf fonne of Nicerattif j^nd Wcoftntmthfffon 
ofDiotrepha.Thek lanching from Potid^a with their Gal- 
lles,and putting in at the Temple of Neptiine y marched pre- 
fently againfl the Mend^ans.Thc Metjdaamwkh their own 
force5,3 00 of 5a(w<? that cameto aide them, and theaydes 
of the ^Telopomic funs, in all 700 men of Armes, and ^o/yda- 
midoj their Commander,were encamped vpon allrong hill 
without the City .N/V/^i with no light-armed Souldiers 
of Methone^und 60 chofen men of Armes of ^;i>^j,and all 
^ his 


Li b . 4- The Hijhory of T i V c y b i b i^ s, 

JLJiis Archers attempting to get vp by a path that Wiis ih 
the hills 'fiJe,was wounded in the attempt ,: and could not 
niakehis^vvay by force: And Nisbjhint^ with aUthe relVot 
th^Af my agoing anoiihcr way farther about, as he climbed 
the hili being hard of accelle,was quite difordcrcd,and the 
wiiotev Art5iy- wantedtelc of 'being- vttcrly; difcomfited . 
So tordTivda)',fe^in§ th^ Mftielleani and their Confederates 
(loodto ici,rhe\y///^H/>^j retir^d',and pitched their Campe; 
And an night the ^f^if^^yreCired into theCity. The next 
ddythcAtf}ema>fs''&f\tti^ia.boi(t Vhfo that part of the City 

H wlT^cbt^^dbw^^ds^^/ow^^leaze^'Oft tlie fuburbes.and all chat 
diy U^aHe^fth^ii^ lipids; ndiiMfi COnirtiing forth to oppofe^ 
thenii for thei-e was allbfeditionin the Citie, and thc^co 
5cm^'?^^'<fee night following went home againe.The next 
da-f^Slicias with tbe'oWehalfe of the Army marched to the 
Confifes^and w.lft^d the Ttoitory of the 6'c/or<*.'T/7j , and 
Nicoflrmu at the fame time wit Jithe other halfe/ate down 
againil-t-hc City,bcfore the Highcr'Gates'towards Totidoea. 
'V&fi%mHKi(iov it -fell-out that' thef MendMms,Si their aides 

^ hid tiitf^lArrties lying within the Wall^ifi- this part jfet his 

C micn'm^^er for tlie^ttell, and encouraged the Mindieans 
to iKti^fe ^ fally: Bik'When one pf the faction of the Com 
mons iiT-fedkion, laid to the cdntrary, that they vvould not 
goe' kit, M- that it wk'S not neceflaxy to fight,and was vp^ 
OH 'tl1(s^i9ntradi^i0n,by^o/ydffjf»zV^j pul-led and molefted, 
the Corrfmons in pafsion prejently tooke Vp their Annes, 
and made towards the p<f/o^^«»^i^^«^, and fuch other with 
thefi'iis were of the coritrary fa(ftion , and falling vpon 
them,pqc the to flight,partly with theluddennefle of the 
charge,and partly through the feare they were in of the 

I) ylr/;ff»r/i^j,to whoni the Gates were at the fame time ope- 
ned. ¥or they imagined that this infnrrecStion was by fome 
appointment made bet weene them . So they fled into the 
Cittadell-as many as were notprefently flalnc, which was 
alfoin their owne hands before.But the Athenians (for now 
w3.S'Nici(is alio come backe,and at theTownc fidejrufhed 
into the City,with the whole Army ^and rifled it^not as o- 
pened to them by agreement, but as taken by force. And 
the Optaines had much adoe to keepe them that they al- 
fo killed not the men. After this, they bade the Uendc^m 

E vfe the lame forme of gouernment they had done before, 

and to giue iudgement vpon thofe they thought the prin- 

^^^^ ^ cipall 


'A'/<i<a wounded. 

icdition in Mend. 


The Gates opened to 
che Athemm vponfcdi. 

Mtndd pillaged by the 


^he Hiftory of Thvcy dib e s. L ib. 4., 

The Aii>riMi\eii« their 

PfTifirt^inaVtib Peace 


The iMuUmm'itiu roalce 
y»ng men goueinours 

The walj of T*(if'<f de- 
moliihcdb/ihc Thebini. 

cipall authors of the rciiolt, amongO: chcmfclucs. [ Thofc A 
that were in the Cittadell, they fhutvp with a. ;wall rea- 
ching on both fides to the Sea^and lefta guard to defend it; 
and hauing thus gotten Msnddythey led their Afin^! againrt 
Scione. ■ ■ -J ' : :.;■ ' 

The Scion^ms , and thtPeloponncfim)i-/CS^'mii^iXi% out a- 
gainllthem.poflciled themfclues of a f^rprig hil before the 
Citie,which if the enemy did not winne,he fhould not be 
able to enclofc the City with a wall. The Atbenims ha- 
uing (Irongly charged them with Hiot.and beaten the de- 
fendants fro[n it,encamped vpon the hill ; anii;aift<?r;th^y B 
had fet \'p their Trophy, prepared to build cheb ^vall a- 
bout the Citie. Not long after, whilell thzAtbin'mns were 
at workc about this, thofe aides that were bcfic^pdJu the 
Cittadell of Uendd , forcing the watch by the Sca-fide, 
came by night, and efcaping mod of them through the 
Campe before 5c/>»t?,put themfclues into that City. 

As they were enclofrng of Scionc , Tndiccds lent a He- 
rald to the Jfi)mVj» Commanders, and concluded a Peace 
with the Athenians, viponhutcd to^rafitias,zbouc the retreat 
made out oiLymus , hauing then immediately begun to C 
treat of the fame. For it happened alfo at thistiraethac //- 
cbAgorcii a Lacedtmonian was leading an Army of foot, vnto 
'Brafidiu. And i>tfr<//cfiw, partly becaufe N/Vwj aduifed him, 
feeing the Peace was made,togiue fomc cleare token that 
he would be firmc, and partly becaufe he himfclfc defired 
not that the Teloponnsfians fhould come any more into 
his Territorics,wrought with hishoftes in Tht(f4yJ[\SkUmg 
in that kind,euer vfed the prime men , and fo flopped the 
Army and Munition,as they would not fo much as try the 
The^diiMs , whether they would let them pafle or. not. ^ 
Neuerthcleffe I jcbagor as, znd Ameiniasy and ^rifiew them- 
felues went on to Br afj daf^ is knt by the Lacedemonians to 
view the (late of affaires there. And alio tooke with them 
from 5;jrt/*M,contrary to the Law,fuch men as were but in 
the beginning of their youth to make them gouernoursof 
Cities,rathcr then to commit the Cities to the care of fuch 
as were there before. And f^leitndas thejonne oj CUonymu*^ 
they made goucrnourof /Jw/)^//?o/w,and Epitelidas thefonne of 

The fame Summer, the 7'/;^ ^^j demolifhed thcwalles E 
oHhe Thejpians, laying Atticifm? to their charge. And 


The Hifiory 0/ T h v c v d i d e s. 


A though chey had eucr meant to do; ir, yet now it was ea- 
ficr, bccaufjchc flower of thciryouch was flaine in tlic 
battel! againd the Aiheninns. 

The Temple of 7i<70 in ^/-ir^^^j, was alfo burnt downe 
the nmicSummer,bytheuegh"genceof Chryfis the PrieU:, 
who hauing fee a burning Torch by the Garlands , fell a- 
lleepe, infomuch as all was on fire, and flamed out before 
fliee knew. CMyfts the fame night , for fcare of the J,- 
^(f/wc5,fledprelencly to^?/!;//fi./, and they according to the 
Law formerly vfed,choIe another Pricllln her roome, cal- 
B led fhmnii. Now when Chryfis fled, was the eigl:th yecre 
of this Warre Gnded,and halfc of the ninth. 

Scioyie in the very end of this Summer was quite enclo- 
ied, and the ^(/;i'«M«i hauing left a guard there, went 
home with the reil of their Army. 

7'he Winter following,nothing was done betwccne the 
Athsnians and the Liiced^momMsjDQCiui^ of the Truce. But 
the J/I^i am ineans, 2nd thcTegeat^y with the Confederates of 
both,foughtabattellat Lnodkea, in the Territory ol Ore- 
Jtif, wherein the victory was doubtful!, for either iide put 
Q to flight one Wing of their enemies , both fides fct vp 
Trophies,and both fides fent of their fpoyles vnto Delphi. 
Neuertheleife .after many flaine on either fide, and equall 
bactell, which ended by the comming of nighty the Tegeat^ 
lodged all night in the place, and eredlrcd their Trophic 
then pre fently, whereas thz JMantineans tiwnzd to 'Buco- 
//o«,and fet vp their Trophic afterwards. 

The fame Winter ending,and the Spring now approa- 
ch ing , BrafldM made an attempt vpon Potid.ea ; For com- 
ming by night,he applyedhis Ladders, and was thitherto 
D vndilcerned . He tooke the time to apply his Ladders, 
when the Bell pafled by , and before he that carried it 
to the next,returned. Neuerthelefle , being difco- 
ucrcd, he fcaled not the Wall/out prefencly 
againe withdrew his Army with fpeed, 
not Raying till it was day. So ended 
this Winter, and the ninth yeere 
of this Warre written by 

T H V C YD ID n s. 

The Temple of f/wdift 
/^^fo' burnt by negli- 
t;cnce 01 an eld woinan 

Thae:»Jt,Vrkti of/««tf, 

Siege laid to Scio':e, 
The end of the ninth 

Rattellbctwcene tJio 
Mtt'tKcani and the 

BraJHai attempts tb 


1 he end of the ninth 






The principall Contents. 

The former yeeres Truce ended , Cleon "^arreih on the Chalcl- 
(^ickcC.ities^dndrecouercthTomnQ. Plij^ax is fent hy the 
Athenians, tomoue a Warrc among/i the Sicilians. Clcon 
afid Brafidas, who were on both fides the principall maintaimrs 
of the Jf 'arre,are hothjlaine at Amphipolis . 'Prefently after 
their death ^ a Peace ts concluded jund after thata^aine, a League 
hetTtec?ie the Laceda:monians and the Athenians . Diuers of 
the LacedcEmonian Confederates thereat difcontented , feeke the 
(Confederacy of the Argiues. Thefe make League, firft Vith the 
Connchians,Eleans,<i«^ Mantincans, then fi^ith the Lace- 
diemonians j and then a^aine ( hy the artifice 0/ Alcibiadcs) 
W'iW? fk Athenians, ^fter this the Ai^iu^s make Warre 
vpon the Epidaurians ; and the Lacedemonians vpon the 
Argiues. The Athenian Captaines and the Mehans treate 
hy "^ay of Vialogue ^touching theyeelding o/Melos, which the A- 
thenians afterwards befte^e and f^intie. jhefe are the A^es of 
almojl fixe yeeres more of we fame Warre. 


H E Summer following, the Truce for a 
yeere, which was to lail till the * Pythian 
Holidayes, expired. During this Truce, 
the ^thsnims remoued the Delians out of 
Dclos ', becaule though they were conle- m'f'h^r.x^^ <"">"" 
crated, yet for a cercainc crime committed | ThcD^^j remoued out 
E of old,they eft^emed them polluted perfons j becaufe alfo j °,on!''"'^"" ''^" " 
they thought ther^ wanted this part to make perfeft the} 

Pp purgation! , 


* Excuifeidtdketedtt A- 
^oWo^end cdtbtakci *t 
Dt\phi,about the 1 1 of 
the nioneth Elaphobolium, 
(W fKny be gaihsiCii by the be- 


T/;c Hijlmj 0/ T H V c Y D I D E s. Lib.5; 


The DW.'^ii Teat thena- 

CUov gocth out witjji^n 





T'JTT/fM-u with the Gar- 

Clem takeih Krwjf. 

PafiUlidoi, a iMt^ttmmm 
CaptiinCjtaken aliu 

purgation of the Hand ,• in the purging whereof, as I de- A 
dared * before, they thought they did well to take vp the 
fepulchres of the dead. Thcfe Delians feated themielues af- 
terwards, euery one as he came^ in Adramyttnm 'mAJ:a,3. 
Tow ne giuen vnto them by '^PharnaceS' 

After the Truce was expired , Clean preuailed with the be fent out with a Fleet againfi: the Cities, ly- 
ing \'p6n Thrace; He had with himof /Athenians ^xzco men 
of Amies, and ^cohorfemcnj Of Confederates niore,and 
thirty Gallies . And firll: arriuing at Scions,which was yet 
bcfieged,he tookc aboord iome men of Armes , of thole B 
that kept the riege,and fay led into the Haucn of the Colo- 
phoninns, not farre diftant from the Citie of Torone. And 
there hauing heard by fugitiues, that Brafidoj was not in 
Torone, nor thole within fufficient to giue him battell , hce 
marched with his Army to the City, and fent ten of his 
Gallies about into the * Hauen. And firll he came to the 
New-wall, which Bm/^^ had raifed about the Citie to 
take in the Suburbs,making a breach in the 01d-vvall,that 
the whole might be one Citie. And p^fetcIidai.SL Laced^mo- 
«/.i»,Captaineof thcTownc,withtheGarrifon there pre- ^, 
fent,came to the defence,& fought with the Athenims thzt 
aflaulted it. But being oppretled, (and the Gallies which 
were before fent about^being by this time come into the 
Y{ was afraid,leH; thofe Gallies fhould take 
<he Towne,vnfurni£hed of defendants, before he could get 
backe,and that tht Athenians on the otherfide fhould winne 
the wall,and he be intercepted betweene them both i and 
thereupon abandoned the wall^and ran backc into the Ci- 
tie. But t\\Q ^A'hemans that were in the Gallics^ hauing ta- 
ken the towne before he came,aud the Land-army follow- -pv 
ing In after him, without refinance ,andentrlng the City by 
the breach of the Old-wall, flew fome of the 9eloponnefi- 
ans, and Toronsans on the place, and fome others , amongfl 
whom was the CaptaineP^^?>//V^,they tookealiuc.z?r.i/r- 
I duf was now comming with aide towards Torone, but ad- 
ucrtifed by the way, that it was already loll:, went backc 
jagaine, being about forty Furlongs fhorr. of preucnting 
lit. Clcon and the .Athenians created two Trophies , one at 
I the Hauen,anotherat the Wall . 

The Women andChildren of the Toronaam, they made E 
flaues , but thcnienofri?>^»fl^j ^Sidth^ Pelopomejims ^zud 
■■'.'■■ fuch 

[Lib, 5. TheHiftorjofTuycYi^iuEs. 

A fuch Cbalddems as were amongft them, in all, about jao j 
they fenc away prifoncrs to Athens. The PdoponncUns 
were afccrward,at the making of the Peace, difmilled, tlie 
reft were redeemcd,by the OlyHthUnshy exchange of man 
for man. ^: 

About the fame time thc^^ot'iMs tooken^ma6lum,3. 

Fort of the .•ff/>^wVi«i,{ianding'in their Confines, by treafon. 

(7r<jw,afrer he had fettled thc.Garrifon in Titrone , went 

thence by Sea about the mountaine Athoj, to itiake Warrc 

B About the lamttimi Ph^.iX' the feme of Eraffl,\itM, who. 
with two others was lent Ambaflador into Italj.znd Sicily] 
departed irom Athsus with xwo Gallies. For the Leontms, 
nkcnhc Athenians , vpon the making of the i?eacc, .were 
gone out of 5/V//>',receiued many llrangers into the freedom 
of their City; and the (/jwotmj had a purpofe alfo to haue 
made diuifion of the Land. But theorem w^wpercciuing it, j 
called in thz Syr dcu^ns^ and drauc the Commons out . Aiid 
they.wandred vpanddown cucrybne as he chanced, <Sc the 
rreat OT^«,vpon conditions agreed on with the Syracuftans, a- 

G oandoning and deferring that city, wcht tod well with the 
priuiledgc of free Citizens in Syracufa. . Afeer* this againe, 
hms. of thcrajVJ)oh<Jiflike,rclinquifhed Syr^acufa^iind feazed 
on p*fta^,a ccrtainc'piaco,partof th6'Gty:of.cHc leomirtes^ 
and vpon ©ri^/ttw, aCaftle in the X^ow/w*; Territory j thi- 
ther alfo came vnto them mod of the (fowmow^, that had 
•before been driiien out , and. fettling themfelues, made 
Warrc from thofe places of (Irength. Vpon intelligence 
hereof,the.4(i5)^»w»jfent'P/^<«<ix thither, to perfwade their 
Confederates there,and,if they could,ali the Sicilians ioynt- 

ly, to make Warre vpon the S^racufiMs that were now be- 
ginning to grow great , to try if they might thereby 
preferue the common people of the Leontines. 'Th^eax 
arriuing,preuailed with the, and ^gri^entiney. 
but the bufmefle finding a ftop at Qeloj , hee went vnto no 
more,as concciuing he fhould not be able to perfwade the. 
So he returned through the cities of the 5/V«/i \nto Caiana, 
hauing been 3CBriciani<e,by the way, and there encouraged 
them to hold out, and from Catana he fet faile , and depar- 
ted. In his voyage to 5ia7>', both going and comming.hee 

E- dealt as hee went by , with fundry Cities alfo oi Italy ^ 
to enter into fricndftiip with the Athenians. 

Pp z He 



pr»loncis to/lihtm. 

I'Mallum lakcnb^ (he 
Chen gocth «o Arr^hipUi, 

Phitax fcnt AmbaflaJor 
CO the SitUmt^ 

The leor,tititComtRon% 
driucn <njt of the Gity 
by ihcSjjMujisltS. 

The Lcmttne NobUity be- 
com« Syrafiipiuis,3nd goe 
to S/racufa lo dweU, 

"-'b rfunri ;vi>V. 

Thc Leemineiwnic War 

Phaax moueth the SicUi-' 
tfsi to Wane vpon the 

The CeldJit ftop the mo- 
tian made by Thxtn, 

zpi j TheHiJhoryef'TK^cjmvts. Lil>i5.i 

Fh*.ix m»k«h Peace 


* Stagirvsthe C'ltit where 
Ariftotle »<« bt)7u. 

cucr agoinft Cic(,7Jjai 


The Forces of i^jf'/'i 

He alfo lighted on thokitficriami wliieh ^ hauing .dwelt A 
once in McfunAy were ^ifrejwards driuen;QUC againc; being 
chc lime men.wliich aftcrthe Pcaceiri&wiyj vpoma fodi- 
tbn in ^f^ir//wt?,wl)er<ii>i)jii€W?fc the fadtious called in • the 
Locrians^2id been then fent to inhabicc there^andnow were 
fenc away agaijhe,. ; ;ifor,-t&e:ji>orp/fl«i held Mej^mn for a 
while;- (P/.<t,jjc dierfoiQclianeingiiJoraiset.with thefe^asdiey 
\vere goiug-XjO. their owna^City , did titm no hurt,: beca^le 
the Li>cruk:i\\3ii beeniiifpccchcwithihiirr about an agree- 
ment with the .^'/;m<j;jj. For when zhQ-Scilims niade a, 
geh«rall Peace^hefe oncly. o£ all xh^:CjQiiiedejrates;refufed B 
tom^ke any Peace at all *fAikkh^. Athenians.' iNfor. indeed 
would they. hauddoneikiiowT, buc.thatthey were .con- 
ftniined thcriburicdby'Chfe.Wartc thejiiadf-with <he!-/Jo«i- 
aiu:iSLixii'iMe!£ans their ovwne; Colonies and borderecsr' And 
Pi><e3.v3afc€rchis,x^turped£cj*4>i6itfpi\ j.j'. ; -/■, -^rj-Mt,;. -. 
. fllirat-, who was now gonci from Tbrtfte andLOoiraii'about 
io:AinphipdU-,mikA\\^ -fi/ortihe ftac o£-ihc W-arrSj ■ afliulted 
thie Cicie of* Kta^ifx-^,a((^bnyi.oftht'u#»z^wirtx)JjmK-t:ould 
not take it •, But G^mpleiw,^'Z Colony of' the Thafianj^htt 
tobktby afl^iBfca And faauing fent AaibaflfadouisiEi^r- ^ 
dicta^jto will.hSii to .come to him with liis; fbrce^ y-ii^coq- 
ding- to tUp league , and other Anihiihdors Adixii'ThKach 

merceiiary T/5rki4«i .aslha coul{i,he hy ilillitl B/(i«r;,''^oiex- 
f>c(ft their oeminin)^-. r^ '.'Bm^'dm Afioii.notice heredf ^ -fa^c 
downe ouer a§ainlt;'hIm'.;&t'C^r^5'/;iiw.; fiThis is-a-plac* 
belonging to; the \^'irplimsi ftaading.hjgbyind bQ^oiii th'e 
Riuer, notfa^re from Ampkp4)luy and kom wheike hee 
might difceine all that was abouthim. So that C/^« could 
not but be feene ^ if he fliould rife with his Arfiay to goe ^ 
againfl Jmphipoliii which he expected he would doejand 
that in contempt of his fmaH -number, he would goe vp 
with the Fortes he had then prefent. Withall hefumi'- 
fhed himfelfe with 1 500 mercenary Thracians , and tooke 
vnto him all his £^owMai,boch horfemen, and Targettiers. 
He had alio of Myrcininns , and Cbalcideam , 1000 Target- 
tiers.befides them in .Amphipolis. But for men of Armes, 
his whole number was at the mofl loooi and o't Gt^eian 
horfemen 300.' With 1 500 of thefe,canie BrafidaSyZnd fate 
down at f/r^>7/ttw,the reft ftood ready ordered with Qeari- E 
das their Captainc,within/^m;>/5>//)(»/M. C/^ow for a while lay 


Lib. 5» The iiiflorj ofT% v\e y d'i d e s. 

A [lilljbut W.4S afcervKards forced to doe as^wds-expcdiff^by 
FrafidoJ:; L.For the§ouldi(JrsJbeifig angx^i :Wich:ihcic ihj 
therc^f^U^'re^omi^ing wiciicheiiiieiues, vvJiSt 'a' "comm'ahd 
hiswyui4i)ti,and^Yv^J^i;|v wJiaSt ;igni)j:ance. , aud cowsttkiiz^] 
agaiiiilv/hac skill and boldnelle ofchcodur, aiid'-how 
they came forth wich him againft their vvils. he percei- 
ued their mu'tacriib^,^,dcj bfe^Il^vAv^^JLfting.■.il•o¥e^d them 
vvitb fo long aUa^; ilVQoe.plac^j yi/,lpdg^4,;ja^id led them 
forward. And he tooke the lame courfc there, which 
hauinglucceeded welibctbre ^i;.J*.y!uf, gaUe!h»iin' cal](e/p 

g thinke i^^iralelfe tohaue fom.qi^^^-gi^iQeoo. A^:^*rhe^tl■^fel)^-i 
not t].^4t my bod^, jy;Qvllcj^pQajtOiteli tongiaa- iiim battel I, 
and g^ue out,4HW«^i^i^v^^WpaUy.rto' fee rhepdaecj 
And l{"a}fd for.greater force^},r|Of to Icculrehim in cafehc 
fliould tv coaipelJed toiight^but that hd-rti^irttheucwrch 
cnu-jron the Otieon adl fides. at, once , andau that mkiiner 
tike jt by force. So he went vpjaad fet Jiis Afray downon 
a (bDngliill before /^/«;)w^{?/f/^Ra»ding hiUi^Mfli'to viewthc 
Fens of the riueir^^r<rye;(?w,ai]dtheJcitwati»cj>ii.Qf thcCitieto- 
ward^V3};/^f^ ; a0dchpughc,.i]9,coul,dhaue. retired agarne 

Q at iiispJaiV^e without battdt; For wiiJler, did any man 
app.^ai£y,jpontib<^^vans,nor, come out of thqOates which 
were hil faff fliut j. ijnfomuch as he thought he had com- 
mitted an crrour, iacQmming.wjchoutfEp^iDes , becaufe 
hethought. he might by fuel], i^eanes hajje^^onnc the Ci- 
tie, a^ being vvitJ|Outd.efcnd^nti^.. 'Mraftilasy^s foone as.he 
faw the 4«/i;<;«i4^rremoue,c4me~3ovvne, alio from Csrdyli- 
7(A/;, and put himfeifc into /i'»/)/;//)0/fer. He would not fuf. 
fer them to make any fally, nor to face the fitheniam in or- 
der of battell, miftruftmg ^his owne J;.or(fjis\ which he 

D thought inferiour, notin number (for they *w ere in a man- 
ner equally but in worth ( for SUQhA'tbmdnsz^ were there, 
were pure, and the. L^j-mw^w, and /wi'^Mwi.. which were 
amongil them, were of the very ableft )' but prepared to 
fet vpon them by a wile. . For if he fhould haue flicwed 
to the enemy, both his numbeij\ and their Armour , fuch 
as for the prefenc they were forced to vfc, he thought that 
thereby he fhould not fo foone get the victory, as by kee- 
ping them out of fight, and out of their contempt, till the 
very point. Whereforechufmgto himfelfe 1 30 men of 

E Armcs,and committing the charge of^thereit to CleMdas, 
hcrefolued to fec.fuddenly vpon them before they fliould 

retire : 


r/M^jgocth vp n ■tnj 
10'ii againfthisowne 


fDlly.Yiewcch rb- l.iuu 
lion of ihc lovvriv. 

Brifiiia4 puueih hiojfelfe 

A (Incagcm ofBrtfifttt, 


TheHi/loryo/Tiiy crDii>ES. Lib. 5. 

retire; as not cxpe(^ing to take them^fo alone another A 
time, if their iuccours chartccd to arrlue. And when he 
had called his Souldiers together ,to encourage tiiem , and 
tomakcknowncvnto them his defigne, he faid as fol- 
lovvcth. ■■ 'y- ' , ■■■'.'•'■ 

,^,';:1. THE- OR^A^i-0i^;-O F , 

T.-di 1 B R A s I D A s to his Souldiers. 

MSNo/'Peloponneftjs, tu for your Countrey, hofifhyfi'a- 
low it hath euer retained her liberty • and that being Dori- B 
' ■ ' zm,youare7io'^toji^htagainfi\omzns,ofwhomyouTi>ere I 
euer locnt to get the *viBory^ let it/uffice that 1 haue touched it thus I 
briefly. But in what manner I intend to charge ^ that , / am «o"8» to I 
enformeyou of; left the '^venturing by feTi> at onci.^ Hnd not altogether^ \ 
Jhouldfeemetofroceedfromweaknejjej andfo diJI^eartcn yosi. J dee 
conie^iure thatitTtfOS in contempt oJ<vs , and as not expe fling to bee 
fought finthdllfthat tlye enemy both came yp to this place, and that they 
haue W^ betaken themfelues carelejly, and out of order to> 
the Ceuntrey. But he that beji obferuingfuch errours in hk ene- 
mies,/haU alfo,to hisjirength^giue the onfet,not alwayes openly , And (^ 
in ranged battell, but m is beflfor hit prefent adwantage,jhaMfor the' 
mtft part attaint hispurpofe. ^nd thefe Tfiles, carry with them the 
greateji glory ofaU,^yfphich deceiuing mofl the enemy , a man doth 
moft benefit his friends. Therefore whiltfl they are fecure vfithout 
preparation, and intend for ought I fee, to jieale aipay , rather then to 
jiay , I fay, in this their loofnejje ofrefolution, and before they put their 
minds in order ffer try part, with thofe I haue chofen ^'ili, if I can , be - 
fore thty get aMfay fall in ^vpon the midjl of their >/frmy, runnng. 
Andyou i.'Aezndzs,afterT^ards,as foone as you fmll fee me to haue 
charged ^and(M it isprobable)to haue put them into alright Jake thofe D 
that are "^ithyou, both Amphipolitans , and all the reft of the 
Confederates ,andfetting open the Gates, runneoutVpon them , and 
Ti>ithailpofsible(peed,comeVptoJirokcofhand (for there is great 
hope this way to terrife them feting they "^hich come aftercare euer of 
more terrour to the enemy , then thofe that are already prefent, and in 
fght.) And be Valiant, Oiis likely you f?ould that are a Spartan. 
andyou Confederates folloTtJ manfully, an dbeleeue that the parts ofh, 
goodSouldier^are'k'illingneJfe^fenJeofP^ame, and obedience to his 
L eaders ; and that this dayyouf/all either gainc your felues liberty 
byyour Valour, and to be called Confederates of the hzccdxtnoni- E 
anSjOr elfc net onely toferue the Ax\^tn\2LUsyour feluei , and at the 
.._ beji 

Lib. 5. l^he Hijlory of T h v c y d i d e s . 

A hjl IfyoH be not led Captiues^nor put to death ^ to he in greater fenii. 
tiide then before^ bntaljoto be the hinder ers of the liberty 0/ the reft 
of the .Grecians. 'Bui be notyoucoDfardsJeeing how great a mat- 
ter i^ at flake: and [ for my part will make it appear e ^ that I am not 
v.ore ready toperjM'ade another ^ then to put my /elf e into a&ion. 

When Brafida^ had thus fd'id, he both prepared to goe 
out himfclFe,and alio placed the rell that were with Qea- 
ridcis before the Gates , called the Thracian Gates , to illue 
forth afterwards as was appointed. Now 'Brajidcu hauing 

B been in fight, when he came downe from Cerdjlium , and 
againe whenhclacrificed in the City ,by the Tmpk of 'Pal 
Aw, which place might be feene from without , it was told 
r/.ro^,whilll 'Br.ifuias was ordering of his men, (for lie was 
at this time gone off a little to looke about him) that the 
wliole Army oF the enemies was plainly to be difcerned 
within the Tovvne,and that the feet of many men , and 
hories, ready to come forth, might be dilcerned from vn- 
der the Gate. Hearing this , he came to.thc place, and 
when he faw it was true,being not minded to fight , vntill 

C his aides arriued,and yet making no otheraccoiint,but that 
his retreat would be difcouered , he commanded at once to 
giue thefignall of retreat,and that,as they ^ent , thelefc 
Wing fhould march formoft,which wa^the only meanes 
they had to withdraw towards Eion.'^ut when he thought 
they were long about it,caufmg the right Wing to wheel 
about,and lay open their difarmed parts to.thc enemy, hee 
led away the Army himfelfe. Brafidcuat the lame time, 
hauing fpied his opportunity , and that the Army of the 
AhjnUiii remoucd,faid to thofe about him ,. and the reft, 

D Tjeje wenjiay not for <-vs ; it uapparant by the 'a>aggm^ of their 
SpeareSydnd cf their heads. For Tphere (uch motion if , ihey a>je 
not ft ay for the charge of the enemy: l^herefore open me fome 
body the Gates appointed, and let njs boldly and fpeeddy [ally forth 
rv^o^nhem.. Then hee went out. himfelfe at the Gate to- 
wards the Trench, and which was the firft; Gate of the 
Lon^-wa'J, which then was ftanding , and at high ipeed 
tooketheftraightway,in wliich,as one paileth by the 
llrongeftpartoftheTovvne, there ftandcth nowa Tro~ 
phy . And charging vpon the midft of the Athenian Army, 
. which was terrified both with their owne difarray , and 
the valour of the man forced them to flic. And dearidas, 



Brtfiilai prcparcth to af 
lauJc the army of the 

Clean ii admoniflied of 
a lally cowards: 

And Icadcth his army 

BM/:tetaketh this op- 
portunity foitnisfally. ." 


ThcHiJloy of Tuvc J BIDES, Lib, 5 

BrsJitUi is woundctl and 


CUoti flieihjand is flainc 

BtafJoi his army getteth 
the viSoryi 

Brufdna liucth onely fo 
long as to know he had 

The honour done to 
Bij/W«afiet bis death. 

• KJUedfaaifiuifniohim. 
' Orftmi^ed. 

• Khervai iniri Ukt 

( as was appointed 3 hauing illucd out , by the Tbradnn A 
Gates, was wichall comming vpon them. And it fell 
out that the Atheniam by this \nexped:ed and liidden at- 
tempt, were on both lides in confufion ; and the left wing 
whicii was next to fi/ow^and which indeed was marching 
away before, was immediately broken off, from the reit 
of the Army, and fled. When that was gone, 'Brajidai 
comming vp to the right wing, was there wounded . The 
Athenians faw not when he fell, and they that were neerc, 
tooke him vp,and carried him off. The right wing Hood 
longer to it ; and though C^^on himfelfe prefently fled, (as B 
at firll he intended not to (by ) and was intercepted by a 
Sllyrchnan Targettier , and llainc, yet his men of Armes 
calling themfelues into a circle, on the top of a little hill, 
twice or thrice refilled the charge of Clenridas, and fhrunke 
not at all, till begirt with the J?A;^rciman and (haUtdcm 
horfe, and with the Targettiers , they were put to flight 
by their Darts. Thus the whole Army of the Aihcni- 
^«.f,getting away with much adoe ouer the hills , and by 
feuerall wayes .- all that were not flaine vpon the place^or 
by the Chaktdean horfe, and Targettiers , recouered Eioiu C 
The other fide taking vp 'Bra^dcu out of the battell , and 
hauing fo long kept him aliue, brought him yet breathing 
into the City. And he knew that his fide had gotten the 
victory -, but expired fhortly after. When £knridas with 
the rell of the Army , were returned from purfute of the 
enemy, they rifled thofe that were flaine , and erected a 

After this the Confederates following the Corpes of 
Bra(tdaj,zU of them in their Armes,buried him in the City 
at the pubhque charge , in the entrance of that which is E> 
now the Market place. And the .Jmphipolitans afterwards 
hauing taken in his Monument with a wall, * killed vnto 
him,as to a * Heroe, honoured him with Games and an- 
niuerfary facrifice, and attributed their Colony vnto him, 
as to the Founder ^ pulling downc the Edifices of * ^g- 
non, and defacing whatlbeucr Monument might main- 
taine the memory of his foundation. This they did both 
for that they elleemed Bra^doi for their preleruer,and alfo 
becaufe at this time, through feare of the ^themars, they 
courted the Laced<cmonia-u for a League. As for ^4gnm, E 
becaufeof their hollility with the yff/;fwrfwj, they thought 

i ^_, 

Supplies going tuBrafi- 
^/jjjftiiy by the way » 

The end of cite cendi 


The fupplie« going to 

Br,;/;J*i, hearing ot his 

<ic;ath,retatne to Lacttk- 

(Lib. 5. Ihe Hijlory o/T hvq ydi d e s. j zpy g^ 

A it neither expcviicnc for them cogiiiehimljonours.nor chatl 
they vvouici be acceptable vnto hiai if they die}. The 
ckad bodies tlicy rendrcd to the Athenians ; of wiiom tliere 
were Ilaine about 6 0o,and but kucn of the other lidc , by 
reafoiijthat it was ho fet battcll, but fout^ht vpon iuchan 
occafion and precedent affright. After the dead were ta- 
ken v'Pj the Athenims went home by Sn^^ and Clearid^n^ and 
thofe with him^ftayed to fettle the ellatc o^Amphipolu. 

About the fame time of the Summer now ending, i^^w- 
phitis, ^ EpicjdidtU,LaccJi£mortiafis , were lea- 

B ding a fupply towards the parts vpon Thracb^ , of 900 men 
of Armes,and when they were come to HeracUay in Tra~ 
cbima they flayed there, to amend fuch things as they 
thought amiile ; VVhilft they ilayed , this battell was 
fought. And the Summer ended. 

The next Winter they that were with Rnmphicu ^wtv\t 
preicntly forward, as farre as the hill ^lerium in Ttjeffaly. 
But the TDcffalims forbidding them togoe on , and 'Brafidas 
CO whom they were carrying this Army being dead, they 
rcturiijed homewards 5 conceiuing that the opportunity 

S PP.w fer^ed not.both becaui« the Athenians were vpon this 
puerthrow gone away, and for that they themfelues were 
vnabl^ t9 pelformc any of thoie dcfignes; which the other 
had intended. But the principall caufeof their returne 
^as thisjthat they knew at their comming forth, that the 
L(ic&.d,cmom4ns h^d.jtheiv mi«ifi^§., . mQt^itt vpoaa Peace, 
then Warre. \ , , ',, \ ;;t|^ ,;w'Aja :ij.:./;'..'b ~hi\, 1 ; 
Prefendy after the battell f^i ArwphipoHs • and re'tufne of 
RhatMf'bias out o^ThejJaly, it fell out , that neither, fide did 
anyado;fW^i'i'C5 but were, inclined rather to a Peace; 

O xh^ Atheniai^s for the blow they had receiued at Delium, 
iind this other ,a little after,: at Ampbipolisry^hd becaufe they 
had no longer that, .confident: hope in their flrength , on 
which they relycd^ when foriitierly they refufed the Peace, 
g§.hau.;ng. concci^ij^iK^pon their prefentfuGceile, that they 
4hmi4i^4^^\\^d the vpper hand.' . j ^iu.-''a::i-s\: 

Alfo^fiey l^oojd in^fearCiP^ dicir owne Confederates, 
JteRcinboidnedby t^i-sifs loilesof thoirs,:tJiey ftiould more 
-and. morte rcuok , , and re-peiKefi. ithat they made not the | 
J|eaGeAft^r.,Ehcir:ijappy,;lufc&.at Pyhu ,whtn occafion 
^ _>^ais .ofced -to ,|>^iiq done ii?j,|iqnourably. And the' Thecaufeswhythet^r- 
iUiw^rt^/ji.f^ ",;9(?3i#^ iuo4itr,<^rflde did: dcfire Peace , j''*«"'^««'J'fif='ip"«. 
.:,; ^ QI9 becaufe I 

d>imom<3»s eachne to 


The caufes why the A- 

thtr.itmi defired Peace. 



waefatttAtgoi torptue 
thtVcatti bat the Aigiues 
hildin^ihe Laced^moni- 
ani to be netLmgertus Em 
aiint, rtfi^ftd it. 

Cteos mi trdjiibu o\yo- 
fcrs of the Peace for fe- 
ucroll cads. 

Pleifttiiax and .V'<'<« 
pcifwaders 10 Peace. 

Vkikt his ends in fctkin j 

I TheHiJlorjof Thy CY DID ES. Lib. 5. 

I bccaulb the Warre had not proceeded as they cxpcfted.for A 
they had thought they fhould in a few yecres haue warred 
downethe power oi^4thens, by wading their Territory; 
and becauie they were fahie into that calamity in the I- 
landjthc Ukc whereof had neuer happened vnto Spartahe- 
fore : becaufe alfo their Countrcy was continually raua- 
ged by thofe of Pyhu and Cythera^ and their Helotes continu- 
ally fled to the Encmic ; and becaufe they feared led thofe 
which remained, trulling in them that were runnc away, 
fhould in this edate of theirs, raife fome innouation, as ac 
other times before they had dene. Withali it hapned, that B 
the 50. yecres peace with the Argiites was nowvpon the 
point of expiringjand the ^r^/i<i?i* would not renue ic,with- 
out reflitution made them of Cynnrin-yh that to wane a- 
gaind the Argines and thtAthmum both at once,feemedim- 
pofsible. They fufped^ed alfo, that fome of the Cities of 
Tehpome/tu wouldreuolt to the Argiues^ as indeed it came 
afterwards to palTe. Thefe things confidered, it was by 
both parts thought good to conclude a Peace; but efpcci- 
ally by the Laced^mniam^ for the dcfire they had to rcco- 
uer their men taken in the Iland;for the Spartans that were C 
amongd them, were both of the prime men of the City, 
and their kinfmen. And thcrfore they began to treat, pre- 
fently after they were taken. 

But the Athemansjby reafon of their profpcrity, would not 
lay downe the War at that tiriieon equall termes. But af- 
ter their defeat at Del'mm, the Lacedamoniam knowing they 
would be apter now to accept it, made that Truce for a 
yeere,during which they were to meet, and confult about 
a longer time. But when alfo this other oucrthrow happe- 
ned to the Athenians at AmphipoUs, and that both Qeon and C 
Sr4/?iAf were flaine (the which on either fide were mod 
oppofite to the Peace ; the one, for thathec had good fuc- 
cede and honour in the Warre ; the other, becaufe in 
quiet times his cuill aduons would more appear?, and 
his calumniations bee the lefle beleeuedj thofe^wothat 
in the two States afpired mod to bee chiefc, pki^o- 
4w<«a; the fonne -of pm(aniaj, and N/c/Vw the fonne'of 
Niceratusy who in Military charges had beene the mod 
fortunate of his time , did mod of all other defire to 
haue the Peace goe forward j N/aW, becaufe he was defi- E 
reus, hauing hitherto ncuertjeeneouerthrowne, to cariy 
> ' his 


The Hifioiy of T h .v c y d id e 


A his good fortune through, and to giueboch himfelie, and 
theCicie reft from thei> troubles for the prefent -, and for 
the future to Icaue a nariie, that in 'ail his time hee had ne- 
ucr made the Common-wealth mifcarry: whieh hee 
thought might be done by (landing 6ut of d<?nger, and by 
putting himielfe as little as hee might into the hands of 
Fortune ; And to (land out of danger is the benefit of 
Peace. Tldfioanaxlud the lame dclirCj becauleof the im- 
putation laid vpon him, about his rcturne from cx'ile, by 
his enemies, tiiat fuggcllcd vnto the L<iced^momans vpon 

B cuery lofle they rcceiued, that the fame befell them, for 
hauing contrary to the Law repealed his banifhment. For 
they charged him further, that hee and his Brother Ariflo- 
cles, had iuborned the Prophetefle o^ Delphi, to anlwer the 
* Deputies ohhtLicedcemonians when they came thither, 
mofl: commonly with this. That they (Jjould bring hacks the 
feed ofths * Semigoi, thsfonne of lupiter, out of a [Irmge Coun- 
trty into his ewne : and thai if they did not, they (houldploxp their 
land ftfith a (iluer ploi<gb : and fo at length to haue made the 
tacedxmonians, 19. yceres after, with fuch Dances and Sa- 

C crifices as they who were the firft founders of Lacedamon 
had ordained to be vied, at the enthroning of their Kings, 
to fetch him home againe, whb liued in the meanc time in 
exile in the Mountaine £))f^Mw, in a Houfe whereof the 
one halfe was part of the Temple of Jupiter ^ for feare of 
the Laced^tnoniafit, as being fufped:ed to haue taken a bribe 
to withdraw his Armie out of Attica. > 

Being troubled with thcfe imputations, and confidering 
with himfelfc, there being no occafion of calamity in time 
of Peace, and the Luced.monians thereby recouering their 

D men, thathealfofhould ceafe to bee obnoxious to the ca- 
lumniations of his enemies j whereas in Warre, fuch as 
had charge, could not but bee quarrelled vpon their lof- 
fes, hee was therefore forward to haue the Peace conclu- 

And.this Winter they fell to treaty, and withall the 
Lacedemonians braued them with a preparation already 
making againfl the Spring, fending to the Cities about 
for that purpofc, as if they meant to fortifie in J'ltica, 
to the end that the Athenians might giue them the bet- 

^ ter eare. When after many meetings, and many demands, 

on eyther fide, it was at laft agreed^ that Peace fhould 

0^1 bee 

I Thi reafon why Plt:i!li- 
! eiux ticfircd the peace. 


* Hercules, from whtm 
Plsiftoanas Wtt dejitn- 

PleifloMix banjrtitd for 
withdrawing hi» Amy 
ouc oiAnka^ 

The teceditmmMi de> 
(itingthe peace, nakc 
{hew of Wane, 



The H'tflory 0/ T h v c y d i d k i. Lib. 5. 

The BMtiim,Cirinib'iani, 
£t«i),and Meg:nca?ii,tc- 
tuic to be compichcn- 




' Afimjjadori nboiU Itlit^ . 

J)econcluded,ea.di;partrendringwhat thcj had taken in A 
die WarrCjiaue that the Athenians fiiould hold 2^//^4, (for 
vvheii they lifcewife demanded ^'/of^a, andthcT/je^^jwj an- 
iWercd that it was neither taken by force , nor' by treafon., 
butrcndredyoluntarily, the Athenians faid that. they alio 
had Nifea in the lame manner.) The Lacedaemonians calling 
together their Confederates, and all but the B(Eotians , (9- 
mthta?is^Beans,zndMegareanSy (forthefe diflikedit) giuing 
their votes for the ending of the Warre , they concluded 
th^ Pcace,and confirmed it to tht ■Athenians with facrifice, 
and fwore it , and the Athenians againe vnto them, vpon B 
thefe ^rt/c/«. 

7/;f Athenians, d«^ hzccdxmonhns, and their Confederates, 
Ixiue made ''Peace^andffforne it,ntieky Citie^a^sfolloweth : 
.. Touching the publijue lemfleSj it fljall bee lafffull to Hfhorn- 
foeuer "3/7/, to facrifice in them^ and to haue accejfe njnto them, and 
to dike counfell of the Oracles in the fame, and tojend their * Depu- 
ties vnt&fhem,accordin^tQ the cufloine of his Comitrey.fecurely both 
by Sea and Land. ' ■■'. r\\ ■ 

The ivhole place sonfecrate, and Temple o/ApoUo, in Delphi, Q 
rfM^ Delphi itfelfe^.'fhaU'be^ouerned by their Q-^ne Law, taxeihy 
their o'^?ie State ^andindged by their twne Indies, both Qty andTer- 
ritory ^according totheivflitutionof the place. 

The'TeaceJhall endure betft^eehe f/;? Athenians , with their 
fonf€derates,andthelua.CcdxmonisLns with their Confederates t 
forfiftieyeeresjboth by Sea and Land , "Without frauds andfifithotU 

Jt jhall not be law full tohart ^rmes^ith intention of hurt, mi' 
therforthe Laccdcemonians and their (Confederates , againft the 
Athenians,wor /or the Athenians andtheir Confederates ^againji D 
the LacedtXmonians, by any Art or Machination whatfoeuer. 

If any Controuerfie fl)aU arife betweene them , the fame fhatl be 
decided dy La'O'j and by Oath, in fuch manner as they jhall agree 

tnat thi MhpnUini b H^n 
to CO nmdibtrffl of Cieccc 
Mcd3nW«ff,(/« Lace- 
demonians fe/nbiK Com. 

ettrtool;' it, .wil taxed ihc fe- 

ifinjsi Cilinrv'th tribn:e 
-ndtd^ih: tribute indcdnat. 

The Lacedaemonians and their Confederates , flmll render 
Amphipolis fof/»^ Athenians. 

The Inhabitants, of tt?hat/oeuer City the I.acedasmonians y^<«// 
render n^mto the Atncnhns,fhall be at liberty , togoe forth "li^hther 
they will, t^ith bagge and baggage . 

Thofe Cities which paid the tribute, taxed in the * time of An- E 
^id(^s,continuingto pay it, jhall be gouermd by their owne Lawes^ 


Lib. 5. TheHiJloryofTHVCttiih es. 


;A mlnofo that the Teace is concluded:^ it flraU he njnUwfull for- the 
Ath^niins, or their Confederates, to he^re Armesd^aitiJ} theiH'yW 
to doe than- any hurt, 04 lon^ as they fhatlpay the /aid- 'irtbute. The 
( )tiL's <irff/7f/^, Argilus,Scagirus, Acanthus, Scolus,Olyri- 
thMs,.Spartolus. y,nd they jhall l>e (Confederates' of neither ftde, 
neither of the LacedcEiTionians, nor of the Athenians. 'But' if 
the Achenians can perffi^ade the/e Cities <vnto it ^ then itpdllhee 
la'^ full for f/;? Athenians^o haue them for Confederates, hauim^otr- 
ten their confent. ' ■ ■ •'' -■'^ "••"' 

Thei'Mccybcmhns-^Smxans.and SmgXins^Jhall inhahite 

B thiitr oTi>ni fjties^gn the fame condttions, with the Ol^ nchians ■ and 

Acanthlans. - ■■' 

ihe Laccdccmonlans , and their Confederates , fiall render 
Pahidtum ynto the Athenians. \/7id f^e Athenians j^7<j// 
render fo//?^ LacedcEmonians,* CoryphafiumjCjtJiei'a, Me 
chone^Pceieum.dnt/ Atalante. ■' ' '■ 

ihcy jhalitikewife deliuer whatfoeuer Lacedemonians art in 
thepnfon of Athens, or in any prifori of y^hat place foeuer ^ in the 
Athenian dominion ; and difmi/feall the Peloponnclkns , hefe- 
gcdin Scione, and aU that Bralidas did there put in, and Tirhdtfoe- 
C titr Confederates of the Laccdjcmonians areinprifon,either (ft A- 
thens,(;>rt^/f/;e Athenian State. And the Laccd^emomans 
ay\d their PoHfederates, P^all deliuer Ifihomfoeuer they haue in their 
handsofiheA.zh<^n\inSjOr their Confederates, in the fame man 

Touchin^the Scioneans, Toronseans, and Sermylians, and 
Tvhatfoeuer other Citie belonging to r^e AthcnianS;,f/;e Athenians 
Jhalldoewith them^^hatthgthinkejtC. 

1 he AthenUnsJhali take an Oath to the Lacedaemonians ani 
their Con federates, Citie by Citie -, and that Oathjhall he the grea- 
D te/l that in each Cttie is in <vfe ; The thing that they fhall Jweare, 
/hall be this. I Hand to thcfe Articles, and to this Peace, 
truely and fmccrely. ,yf«^ f/^e Lacedemonians and their 
Confederates ,fljall take the fame Oath to the Athenians. This oath 
they fliall on both fides euery yeere rene^f, and fJjall ereSl Miliars , [ /;; - 
fcribed with this Teace] at Olympia , * Pythia , and in the 
I iiiinus •, at Athens, •n;ithin the Cittadell ; andat Lacedaemon, 
in the * Amycleiim. 

^nd if any thing be dn either fide forgotten , or flail be thought fit 
<Vjyongood deliberation to he changed ; it /hall be lalffull for them to 
^ doeit,* in fuch manner m the iLic^(ixm.om2Lns , 4«^Atheni- 
ans Jhall thinkefit,i(yyntly. ' : ■ " - 


'Thepremomtryvheri/} Vy- 
lus Jlood,pMipert for Pylas. 

* Sy'De]ph.ix»here ihePy- 
thiia gamaiveri l^cpt. 

* KmydxutDjiiTem^ief 

• rhif Artkle dilfleejedthe 
in'<n,btCd:'U the Anklet 
might b;'thiibt changed 
w.tijoui tbimt 



V C Y D I D E S. 


' TthrHUj, 

' Jt ippttrti htrt thai tht 
Monttb Elaphoboli».-i 
iimtia0 tkt Athenians 
«-ij the Ufi Mmih oftU'ir 
n'mter qiniTtir, 

The tnie yhJ of ac- 
counting the yetes of 
this Watre. 

The Lt:tiUmBiti*>» begin 
to pcrforme the Articles, 
& prcfentlj;deliaer their 

The ^mphifoUiini refufc 
to render theirleluci 
vnder ihc Aihtnumu 

jhii^h'eacejhalltake beaming fromtU i^ofthemonet}?A.rtC- A 
mifium, Pleiilolas he'mg £jf>We,dt Sparta, and the 1 5 of* £- 
laphcboliunijtf/fer the account 0/ Athens, Alcaus, beirig Ar- 

Tlrey that tooke the Oathjand facrificed^tpere thefe j of the Lacc- 
diEmoniaiis, Pleiilolas, Damagetus,Chionis, Mctagenes, 
r/jf Athenians fif/f, Lampon, mhrnionicus, Nicias, La- 
ches, Euchidemus, Procles, Pythadorus, Agnon, Myrti- 
ius, Thralyclcs, Thcagenes, Arifl.ocoetcs,Iolcius, Timo- B 
crates, Leon, Lamachus, Demollhenes 

This Peace was made in the very * end of Winter, and 
thcSpriiig then beginning, prcfently after the Citic Bac- 
chanals, and full tenne yecres, and fome few dayes ouer, 
after the firfl inuarionof^mf^,and the beginning of this 
Warrc. But now for the certaincty hereof, let a man con- 
fider the times themfelues, and not trufl: to the account of 
the names of li]ch as in the feuerall places bare chiefc of- 
fices, or for fbme honour to themfelues, had their names q 
afcribed, for markes to the actions foregoing. For k is not 
exadlly knowne who was in the beginning of his office, or 
whointhemiddeft, orhowhewas, when any thing fell 
out. But if one reckon the fame by Summers and Win- 
ters, according as they arc written, hee fhall finde by the 
two halfe yceres, which make the whole, that this firfl: 
Warre was of tenne Summers, and as many Winters con- 

The LacedicmoniaHs (ior it fell vnto them by lot tojbegin 
the reflitution^ both difmiffed prefently thole Prilbncrs D 
they had then in their hands, and alio fent Ambafladours, 
l(ch,tgoraj, JMenas, and ^hilocharidcu into the parts vpon 
Thrace, with command to OmhVa^ to deliuer vp ^mphipolit 
to the ^;/;m4»j,]& requiring the reft of their Confederates 
there to accept of the Peace in fuch manner as was for e- 
ucry of them accorded. Bur they would not doe k, becaufe 
they thought it was not for their aduantage. And Qleari- 
daszMo, to gratifie the ChaUideans, furrcndred not the City, 
alledging that hee could not doeit whether they would or 
not. And comming away Ibone after with thole AmbaA E 
fadours to Laced^mony both to purge himfelfe, if he fhould 


Lib. 5. The hijlcrj of T HV CY DID Es, 1 

A bee accufed by thofc with Ifcha^cras, for dlfobeying the 
States command, and alfo to try if the Peace might by an^ 
m canes be fliakcn : when he found it firme, hee himieltc 
Seeing fent backc by the Lacediemon'mris^ with command 
principally to furrender the place, and if he could not doc 
that, then to ^raw thence all the pdoponnsfans that were 
in It, immediately tcokc his iourney. But the Confede- 
rates chanced toDecprtf«nt themfeluesin Lnced^xmon, and 
the Lacedemonians required luck of them as formerly rcfu- 
fed,that they would accept the Peace, but they, vpon the 

■g fame pretence on which they had reicdted It before, faid. 
That vnlelle it were more reafonable, they would uot ac- 
cept it . And the Lacedemonians feeing they refufed, dif 
milled them; and by themfelues entred with the ^Athenians 
into a League; becaufc they imagined that the ^r^htes 
would not renue their Peace (becaufe they had refufed it 
before, when AmpelJcis and Lichas went to Argos,) and held 
them for no dangerous Enemies without the Atbenims •• and 
alfoconceiucd, that by this meanes the rcfl o^ pelopomefiu 
would not llirre ; for if they could, they would turne to 

Q the Athenians. Wherefore the Ambafladours o^ Athens be- 
ing then prefent, and conference had, they agreed, and the 
Oath and League was concluded on, in the termes folio 

77;? I.aced^moniansy?;4//^f Cow/et/fr^irWT^ff^ffeflfehem 
2iU.s for fiftic yeeres . -•• - ' 

If any enemieinuade the territory of the Lacedaemonians, 4«<i 
doc the Lacedaemonians any harme, the Aihenhns/Jjall ayde the 
hzc^dxmonhns a^ainjl them in the firongeft manner they can 
ry pofsihly. 'ButiftheEnemie, after he hath/poiled tlx Conntrey.pall 
begone away., then that CitiejhaU he held as enemie hoth to the La- 
cedismonians and to the Athenians, and fhallhe'i>arred 'vpon by 
thembeth, and hoth Cities' /hall rgaine lay downe th» Warre ioyntly. 
And this to he -done iufily readily J and fimerely. 

And if^cny enemie fhall inuade the Territories of the Athenians, 
and doe tin- Athenians any harme., then tlye Lacedemonians 
' jh all ayde th& Athd^hVii a^AinJlthemftn thtflroitgefl manner they 
can pofsibiy^- -'But if the enemie^ after hee hath Jpoikdthe Cotnttrey, 
fl^llbeegone away, then /Jjall that Citie beheld for enemie both to thi 
^'p!iC<^dxmorv}ms hrlitit the Athenians, andfhallbeeiiarred 
Jyfon hy bdti}^ and hbth the Cities jMl 'againe lay downs 'the' Warre 
'^i>>-i together. 


dinri'Jas cndcuoufcth to 
iululuc (he PC3C«. 

The Lacedxmnti'ani mal<c 
league wiUi (be AMmiaru 





The Hijiory 0/ T h v c y p i d e s. Li b.5 . 

♦Eacchanilia Vibica. 
if-ubwn: uUbrMdytrc- 
bf, nst ir.iub befi/rethn iime. 

The jtthemtm dcliuer the 
pnloners taken at I'^Ik'. 


The l.iceJ^»:miam flackc 
in performance oi ihe 
/Itudcsof cncleacc. 

together. And this to hee done iufily , readily, andfuicenly. A 

Jf their JltueslbaHrebell^ the Athmhns Jh all a/sift tht T.ace- 
d^niioniaiib f^ith all their flrength pofsibUi 

jhefe things flail be J'Worne Vuto by the fame men on eythcr fv^^ 
that J wore the peace, andj]7all be cueryyeere reneT^ed by //" I-acc- 
dccmoiiians 4t their commingto f^^*Bacchanals ^' Athens -^and 
by W.'e Athenians at their, going to the Hyaclnthian Fcali at 
Laccdicmon- and either fide Jhall er^^i ^ ''^^^'^^ [tnJcribedVith 
this L f ague] one at LzcedsLWOi^^neere^jnto ApoUoin the A- 
rnycleuni, another at -"Vthens, ncere Minerua in the [itadell. 

If itfiall lety'S goodto the Lacedi^moniansW Athenians B 
to adde 'v take att^ay any thing touching the League, itfhaU be lalrfull 

Of the Lacedaemonians tooke the Oath^ thefe, Pleiftoanax, 
Agis, Pleidolas, Damagetus, Chionis, Mctagenes, Acan- 
thus, Paidus,Ifchagoras,PhiloGharidas, Zeuxidas, An- 
chippiis, Alcinadas, Tellis, Empedias, Menas,Laphilus. 
^O/tkx^thenians^Lampon, Iftmionicus, Laches, Nicias, 
Euthydemus, Procles, Pythodorus, Agnon, Myrtilus, 
Thraiy:cles,Theag.ene5, Ariftocates, lolcius, Tiinocra- 
tes, j^con, Lan\achus <wti;Demo(lhenes . ^ 

This League was made not long after the Peace. And 
the^:/r/7md«jdeliuered to the Lacedemonians the men they 
had taken in the Ilandj and by this time began the Sum- 
4iier of the eleuenth yeere. And hitherto hath beenc writ- 
ten thefe cenne yeeres which this firll Warre, continued, 
without intermij&ion. ,> ' 

After the Peace and League made betwcenc the Lace- 
dxmomans and Athenians, after the xenne yeeres Warre, 
Pleiflolashelng'Ephoreat Lacedicmm, and ^^i Icam Archon r^ 
oi:^-ithens'y though there were Peace to thofethat had ac- 
cepted it •, yet the Qqrinthims and fome Cities of Pe/opomd- 
(i«, ^ndeUoured to ouerthrpw what.vvas done, and pre- 
fently arofe another Rirre, by tiic. Confederates, againll 
Laccd^mofU Apd the L(if^</<<:f«5«^«l alio after a while be- 
came fufpect vncpthe Athenians Jornoc perforniing fome- 
wjiat agreed on in the Arrldcs. And: for fixe yeeres and 
tenue^nfioneths, th^) ablfa)iied form entring into each o- 
tilers Territpries vyii\h tt\eirj Armes .- but the P<;ace.beirig 
buiwcakc, tji<^y did each other abi^oad what barme they 
could,^; .and In thacnd, wf re fpjf^pd ,cq diiloiue .the Peace, 

• .,=.^ ^ / made 

^he Htjiorj of T. ' h v c v k) i d e 6-. 

/^ made after'chofe ten yeeres,ai]d fell againcinco open War" 
This alfohath the fame TIjAcydideso'^ Athens, v/nwzn from 
point to poinCjby Summers and VVintci's , a!> eucry rh:iig 
cam? to palVc , viitill fuch time as the Laccd.moninns , and 
their Confederates, had made an end of tiie Athenian domi- 
nion.and had taken their Long-ipals.^nd J'mceu<. To which 
time from tiic beginning of the is in all 17 yecres. 
As for the compofition bctweenc,if any man fliall thinkc 
it not to be accounted with the Warjic flial think amiire. 
For let him look into the ad:ions that palled as they are di- 

■D (tinc^ly fct down, and he fhall find,that,that defcrueth not 
to be taken for a Peacc,in which they neither rendrcd all, 
nor accepted all, according to the Articles. BefidcSjin the 
Mantinean and Epidauridnwirs^^ud in other z6t[ons , it was 
on both fides infringed.Moreoucr,thc Confederates on the 
borders o^ Thrace continued in hgdility as before j and the 
'Boeotians had but a truce from one ten daycs to another. So 
that with the firll ten yeeres war,and with this doubtful! 
cc{ration,& the war that followed after it^a man fhal find, 
counting by the timcs,that it came to iufl: {q many yeeres, 
and Ibme few daycs;& that thole who built vpon the pre- 

^ di(^ionoftheOracles, haue this number onely to agree. 
And I remember yet, that from the very beginning of this 
War.and fo on,till was vtteredby many, that it 
fhould be ofthrice 9 yeeres continuance. And for the time 
therof I liued in my ltrength,& applied my mind to gaine 
an accurate knowledge of the fame* Jt hapned alfo that I 
was banifhed my countrey for zoyeeres,after my charge 
at ^w/)/;ipo///; whereby being prcfent at the affaires of both, 
and efpecially of the Lacedemonians }:>y reaibn of my exile! 
could^at leafure the better learn the truth of all thatpafled. 

^ The quarrels therefore,& perturbations of the Pcace,after 
thofe ten yeres,& that which followed, according as from 
time to time the Warrc wis carried,! will now purfue. 

After the concluding of the 50 yeeres Peace ,and the 
League which followed , and when thofe Ambafladors 
which were fenc for, out of the red o^ peloponnefus , to ac- 
cept the faid Peace , were departed from Laced emon, the 
Corinthians (the rei\ going all to their owne Cities) tur- 
ning fird to ^rgcs , entred into Treaty with fome 
of the .Argiue Magi(trates,to this purpofe , That the La- 

^ ced,£faonians had made a Peace and League with the ^r/;«?- 

w/Vjw,their heretofore mortall enemies , tending not to the 

R r benefit. 


Fromth: beginning to 
ihisendofihe Warrc 
27 yccrci. 

The time of this Peace, 



The number of yeeres 
which the whol« Warrc 

Tbucj/diin Jtor hisillfue- 
ceffc at Ampbipolit,bini' 
Died Mbtm for xojccres. 

The Car'mthihs comziM 
with the Argkes totuake 
a League in Pelopgrnefia 
without the LateiUmi- 


Twelue men chofen at 
JigBi to tresce abont a 

The Manuncam enter 
League with tbe Argiucs. 

The rcR of Peli'fmHcfui 
endinc to the fame 

The Hijlory of T uycYD IDE s, Lib.5. 

(benefic.but to the enQauing of PelopoHni[ui^ir\iehoue<rA 
them to confider of a courfc, for the fafety of the fame,and 
to make a Decree, That any City of the Grecians that 
would, and were a free City, and admitted the Hke , and 
equali trials of Judgement with theirs, might make a 
League with the ^rv//«^j,for the one mutually to aide the 
other ,and to afsigne them a Fe-^ mcn,wich abfolute autho- 
rity from the State,to treat with ; and that it fliould not 
be motioned to the People, to the end, that if the multi- 
tude wouldiiot agree to ic,it might be vnknowne that cuer 
they had made fuch a motion ^ affirming that many would g 
come into this Confederacy vpon hatred to the / acedamo- 
nians. And the Corinthians , when they had made this o- 
uerture,went home. Thefc men of Jr^os , hauing heard 
them,and reported their propofition, both to the Magi- 
ft;rates,& to the People,the Arg'ues ordered the fame accor- 
dingly ,and eledted iz men, vyith who itfhould be lawful! 
for any Grecian to make the League that would,except the 
Laccd^/nomans, und the Athenians,wkh neither of which they 
were to enter into any League, without the confent of the 
^fg'ue People. And this the Ar^iues did the more willing- 
ly admit,as well for that they faw the Lacedamnians would ^ 
make Warre vpon them,(forthe Truce betweene them 
was now vpon expiring)as alio becaufe they hoped to hauc 
the Principality oi^eloponnejw. For about this time Lace- 
d^mon had but a bad report, and was in contempt for the 
lolTes it hadreceiued. And the Argiues in all points were 
in good ellate,as not hauing concurred in the Attique War, 
but rather been in peace with both, and thereby' gotten in 
their reuenue. Thus the ^r^/«t J receiued into League all 
fuch Grecians as came vnto them . 

Fird. of all therefore,came in,the Mantineans , and their ^ 
Confedcratesswhich they did ^ovitz^oHh^Laced^moyilans. 
For a part of ^rc^^/4,during the warre of i4;kHJ,was come 
vndcr the obedience of the Mantineans , ouer which , they 
thought,thel<«ce</^wo/iw«y,now they were at reft, would 
not permit them any longer tocomandAnd therfore they 
willingly io) ncd with the Argittcs, zs being they thought, 2 
great City, cuer enemy to the Lacedemonians , & gouerncdas 
their owne by Democracy.WhQnthe Mantineans had rcuoltcd 
the red o^ Peloponnefus began alio to mutter amongft them- £ 
' felucs,that it was nt for them to do the Wkt ; conceiuing 
that there was fomewhat in it,more then they Jtnew, that 



5.: T/'^^5/?<?0'V^rHv,c>rD\Vb\E4^^ ] 307 

Amidedi? MdttineamtotumGj andwen alfo ani> 



thzLicsdiemr/ amongll many other caufjs, for chat ii 
Wis written in t\\Q cA'rikUso't chc Aniqi^: i-eiice:, T/;;?a r 
Jljoiild I) J LwJuH to adds <vnto,or ttiks ti'H^.ty frcy/n ti)s l.t?»e,-ivhtitlO' 
ettef/Jjouid {eeme good to the f^i>'Ciii:s of the LaCticlxmonians 
andthj Athenians'. : For this was the Article that the moll 
troubled the 'T^/o/)o^i«<f/,'^«i, and put them into a icaloufie 
that the Lacedoemonias might hauea purpo(eio)ning with 
the AiunU'v to bring them into fubied:ion. For in iuflice 
the power of changing the Articles,ought to haue beene 

g afcribed to ill the Confederates in generall. Whereupon 
many fearing luchan intention, applyed themfelues to the 
Ar^iues , cucry one feuerally (Iriuing to come into their 
League. ■ 

The Lacedemonians perceiuing this (tirreto begin in Te- 
loponneiiu.-^nddutiht Qorinthians were both the eontri- 
uers of it,and entred themfelues alfo into the League with 
Jr^a.s fent AmbalVadors vnto Cor/«r/> , with intention to 
preuent the feqiiell of it , and accufed them, both for the 
whole defigne , and for their owrte reiiolt in particular, 

C which they intended to make from them,to the League of 
thtAr^^iucs ; laying that they fhould therein infringe their 
oatli,and that they had already done vniuftly, to refufe the 
Peace made with the Athenians ; for as much as it is an Ar- 
ticle of their* League, that what the raaior part of the 
Confederates ftiould conclude , vnlelleit were hindreci by 
fonne ijod or H^ro.^the fame was to (land good. But the C»- 
n>;i^/'^/?j(thofe'Cohfederate"s which had refufed the Peace 
as well as they, being now at Corinth ; for they had fent for 
them before) in their anfwer to the Lacedemonians, did not 

r) openly al ledge the wrongs they had receiued 5 as that the 
^thenia^.s had not rellored S'Aiim, nor J,iaddmm , nor any 
thing elfe they had in this Warre loi-t , but pretended not 
to betray thole of T^;r4a',for that they. had in particular ta- 
ken an oath vnto them,both when (^together with ^otid.ea) 
they firltreuqlted.and alfo another afterwards. And there- 
fore they faid they did not breake the oath of their League, 
by reletting the Peace with J'thens. For hauing fworne 
vnto them by the Gods.they fhould in betraying them, of- 
fend the Gods. And whereas it is faid , VnlJ/fe (ome God or 

E Heroc hinder it, ^\\\^ appeareth to be a Diuine, hindcrancc. 
Thus they anfwered for their old' oath. 

Kr i Then, 

'lie Article of addint; 
and altering mifliktd. 

The Victditnmiam ex- 
poftulatc with the Com- 
tbinxi, about this Leagtf* 
with Anos. 

League againft Athcm, 

rtmhiam for their refufmg 
the Peace, 

Their anfwer touching 
their League with /trips. 


The Hi/lory 0/ T h v c 



The E'mbj make a league 
firft wKb Connthyihen 
with Wr^oJ. 

* Tbedtcrtt tfllit Argiue$ 
'hdt any C tecitn that vtold 
migl'iajni(t a Utgue mth 
thcn,UiiUn^v>!ththe it 
Comm'lJiaKn by totm cIm- 
[ca to that purfoje. 


\\ycCor]ntlnam.yx\i the 
Townc5vponT/>rj.e cn- 
:e. iriioib« league wiih 

^ Ml. 

Then,i:or their League with the Argiues^thcy gauechis A 
anfwer: That when they had aduifed with their friends, 
they would doe afterwards what (hould be iuft. And 
fo the Amballadors of Lnced^mon went home. At the 
fame time were prefentaUb in Cor/«r/?, the Ambailadors 
of Argos ,to inuite the Corinthims to their League, and that 
without delay. But the Corinthians appointed them to 
come againeat their next fitting. 

Prefently after this,camc vnto them an Ambaflage al- 
fo from the Elems.An&^d\, they made a League with the 
Corinthians ; and going thence to Argos , made a League B 
with the Argiues , according to the * declaration before 
mentioned. The Ekans had a quarrcll with the Lacedmo- 
nians concerning Lepreum. For the Lepreates, hauing here- 
tofore warred oncertainc of the Arcadians, ^nd for their aid 
called the E/r;Jwnnto their Confederacy, with condition to 
giue the the raoity of the Land to be won from them,when 
the Warre was ended , the Eleans^^LUc vnto the Lepreates^ 
the whole Land to be enioyed by themfclues, with anim- 
pofition thereon of a * Talent to be paid to lupiter Olympi- 
rf«, which they continued to pay,till the beginning of the Q 
Athenian Warre. But afterwards, vpon pretence of that 
Warre,giuing ouer the payment , the Eleans would haue 
forced them to it againc. The Lepreates for helpe , hauing 
recourfe to the Lacedaemonians, and the caufe being referred 
to thekdecifion,the Eleans afterwards, vpon fufpition that 
the Lacedemonians would not do them right , renounced the 
referencc,and wafted the Territory of the Lepreates. The 
Lacedemonians ncuerthcleflc gaue fentence. That the Lepre- 
ates ^mdd be at liberty to pay it, or not, and that the Eleans did 
the ininry ; and becaufc the Eleans had not ftood to the re- D 
fcrence, the Lacedemonians put into Lepr^ww, aGarriibn of 
men of Armes. The Eleans taking this, as if the Lacedamo- 
wM«,f had recciued- their reuolted City, and producijog the 
Article of their League, That -^hat euery one pojfejfed , when 
they entredinto the Attiquc Wcrre, the Jams they (hould pofeffe 

when thiygaueit oner, reuolted to the Argiues , as wrong'd, 
and entred league with them,as is before related. 

After thefc,came prefently into the Argiue League, the 

Corinthians, znd the C.halcidcans vpon Thrace. The Bosotians 
alfo.andj-^^^jri-.Wthreatnedasmuch, but becaufe they E 
thought the Jrgiue Democrs^cy would not be fo comjnodi- 


jLvi b; ^.( l~he Htjhry qf OCny c y b i d & s . 


A ous for them, who were gouerned according to the go- 
uernmenc of the Lacea'^mmians by Oiigarchie , they llirrcd 
no further in it. ■ ■[• \j 

About the iamc time of this Summer , the Mthnnians 
cxpugned Scione^ flew all that were within it at mans 
eRace^made flaucs of the w(>iinen and children , and gaue 
their- Territory to the Tlauans. 

They alfo replanted the Deiuws^m Velm, both in confi- 
derationof theacfeatcs they had recciued after their expul- 
fion and alfo becaufe the Oracle at Delphi had comman- 

B dedit. 

Tlie phoccans and Locrians alfo began a Warre at that 
time againll each other. 

And the Cormthians und Af^iNesJbc'ingnow leagued, went 
to 7)'^cd:to caufeic toreuolt from the Lacedaemonians j con- 
ceimng it to be an important piece of ^eloponnejus , and 
miking account,if they gained it to their fidCjthey fhould 
eaii ly obtaine the whole. But when the Te^sAUs refufed 
to become enemies to the Lacedemonians , the Corinthians^ 
who till then had bcenc very forward , grew lefle violent, 

C and were afraid, that no more of thcrefl; would come in. 
JSJeUjsrthelefle they went to the 'R^otians y and fohcited 
theip to enter into league with them , and the Argiuss, 
and to doe as they did. And the Corinthians further defircd 
the Bczotians to goe along with them to Athens, znd to pro- 
cure for them the Uke ten dayes Truce,to that which was 
made bctwcene die Athenians and Boeotians, prefently after 
the piikiiigof the fifty yeeres Peace , on the fame termes 
that the 'Bxoiians had it ; and if the Athmians refuied , then 
to repqunce theirs, and make no more Truces hereafter 

D without the Qorimhians. The Corinthians hauing made this 
requeft, the uceotians willed them touching the League 
with the Argimi to ftay a while longer , and went with 
them to ^r/;.-/x,but obtained not the ten dayes Truce , the 
Athmians anfwering, that if the Corinthians were Confede- 
rates with t\it Laced4moniar,s ^thtyh^id z Peace already. 
Neuerthclcik,the 'Bxotians would not relinquifh their ten 
dayes Truce , though the Corinthians both required the 
fame,and affirmed that it was fo before agreed on. Yet 
the ^Athenians granted the Corinthiar,s a cciTation of Armes, 

E- but * without folemne ratificatioii. 

The fame Summer the Lacedemonians with their whole 

power, ^ 

The Wife; aiiwijrecouct 

The Dcliam replanted in 

Phocii and LmtU in Warre 

The Cmmhta»i feeke to 
lurnc the Citiet of 7 tl»- 
fonncftu and other Con- 
federates from the Ute- 
dummiam to the Arj^wti, 

The CormhiMi feek« the 
ten dayes Truce with 
bad u. 

The BMtiofit tate time t 
League with .4rgts^ 

The /<//;w/*»i deny the 
ten dayes Trace lo the 

The LaceiliimcnMil demo- 

.. .5'o 

;Mi:jl&t1l «K 3T. 

The Ci«rrf<'»7»»;tf»iput 
a Gariifon into Lepnum, 
of Dicnne\\ly eniranthi- 


The ttced<emmicm difa- 
blc ihofe that were t.-.'^ en 
Iice,6ri6inakc bargain, 

The Diilidcant talc T/jf 
fiti from tVe Athfmm*. 

Icaloufiebetwcene the 
Ailmlam and Lacedtma- 


^he Hijlory 6/ T h V c t d i d e sV L'ib .5. 

povver,vndcr the CoiidiiiSl o^Phffloamx/hdJomir of Pdu[a--A. 
»?cy,King of che Lacecfxmoniani^mndc W knttpofi the Par- 
rbal:ariS of Arcadia , fubiecTts of the ^Mantmcans, partly as 
callfdiri , by occjfiorioffedition, and partly bccaufe they 
intendcd.if they could, to demoiifli a fortihcation which' 
the Mimineans had buiit , and kept with a Garrilbn in 
CyPlt'l(t,in the Territory of t\\Q^Parrhafi(\m , towards Sciri- 
tis of'L/tconia. The Lacedicmomms therefore waded the 
Territory of the 'Tv/rr'74/?^«.f;' And the Mantmear.sX^um^ 
their owneCitie to the Cuftody of the .-fr^/'/hj^jCamc forth 
to aide the ^Par h.if]at:s their Confederates. But being vn- 3& 
able to defend both -the Fort of Cy/j/tf //I, and the Cities of 
the piin-ha! a^s too, they went home againe ; and the Lace- 
dxmonitifn when they had kt the Parrhafi(ins at liberty , and 
demoliflied the fortification >vent home likewifc. 

■ Th L^ la me Sunimer , when thole Souldiers which went 
oiit with ^B^-a' diif, and of which Qe/iridaf,zker the making 
of the P!?aee,hadthdehargejwerc returned froiii the parts 
\pbnfbrdci:J^^Q'f■'aced^mornans made a 'decree, chat thole 
/i Jcf J which had iGught yndcr Bra^daf ^ fhould receiuc 
their liberty -and iifeiifbitic whercthey thought good j but C 
not long afLen-'i'h^y -placed them, together with fuch o- 
thcrsas had 'x-f^ cm^wly enfrarichifed in Lepreum, a City 
(landing in the Confines betweenc Lnconia, and the EUans, 
with whom th'-y were novv at variance. 

tearing alfo (ell rhole Citizens of their ownc , which 
had' been taken in the * Hand, and had deliuered vp their 
Armes to the ^ ; -f'm.m, fhould' v pon apprchcnfion of dif- 
^r.ace for that calamity,if they remained capable of ho- 
iioiirs,raakefom?!rmouationin the State, they difablcd 
them ,thoughfome of them vyere in office already,- and *-^ 
their difablement was this, That they fhould neither bear& of- 
fice, nor he, capable to buy and j HI, yd in time they were againe 
reRored to their former honours. 

The fimeSummer alfo,the Di6iideans tbokcTkyfut, 2 
Townc in Mount ,y7tbos, znd Confederate ohhc Athemaas . 
This whole Summer there was continuall commerce 
bctwccne tlie Athenims and the Tehponnejians -, neuerthc- 
lefle they began, both the Athenians, znd the Laced<€inomanSj 
to haue each other in fufpition immediately after the 
Peace, io refped: of the places not yet mutually furrendred. E 
For the Id^.^'^wow/^ whofc lot it fell to make reftitu- 
: •"' i tion 

Lib. 5. The Hijlory of T hyc YD ID ES, \ 

A tion firftjiad not rendrcd ^wp/^/po///, and the other Cities,! 
nor had cauied the Peace to be accepted by the Confede- 
rates vpon rhrcice , nor by tlie Hixoiians , nor Corimoims, 
though they had eucrproFcircd, thatincale they rcfuled, 
they would ioyne with ihcAthcnhins, to bring them to it 
by Force,anJ iud prefixed a time ("though not by writing^ 
within the whxh, fuch as entrednoc into this Peace,were 
to be held as enemies vnto both. The Athenians therefore, 
when they fawnone of this really performed , iufpedted 
that they had no fmcere intention^and thereupon refufed to 

B render /J);/;t«, when they required it; nay, they repented 
that they had deliuered vp theprifoners they tooke in the 
Hand ; and detained the reil of the Townes they then held , 
till the LdccLUnonians (hould haue performed the condi- 
tions on their part alfo. The Lacer'a: noma' this.alled- 
gcd. That they h. J done tohat they wen able to doe. For they had 
deliuered the Athenian/)nyp;/c/-j that were in their hands y and had 
ivithdrawne their Souldiers from the parts <^pon Ithra.ce^and'Hfhat- 
foeiier clfe ipas in their oy^nepo^er to per forme. 'But Amphipo- 
\h,they jaid^wM not in their power to fur render. J hat they would 

C endcuour to bring the B(£Otians and Corinthians , to axept the 
'Teace^andtoget Vini£tumrefiored,andalI the Athenian pri- 
/oners in Boeotia, to be feut. borne. And therefore defired make reftitution of ^yius^ or ifnotfo,at left to draw out oj 
it, the Meffeniansd/jJ Helotes (as they for their part haddrawne 
their Garnjbns out of the Townes <vpon Ttince^and.jf they thought 
good^ to keepe it with a Gdrri/on of Athenians. After diuers, 
and long Conferences had this Summer,they fo farre pre- 
uailed with the ^;/j^«/4«J,at the lall, as they drew thence, 
all the Meffenians, and Helotes^ and all other Laconian fugi- 

D tiues and placed thtm'm Qranij , a City of Cephallenia. So 
for this Summer there was Peace , and free pailage from 
one to another. 

In the beginning of Winter, (for now there were other 
E/)/;(7/--;:$ in office; not thofe in whofe time the Peace was 
made, bu: fbme of them that oppofed it J Ambafladours 
being come from the Confederates ; and the jithenian, Ba- 
oti6'i,^nd Corinthian AmbalTadors being already there , and 
hauing had much conference together, but concluded no- 
th'm^,CI:ob:tlM^ and Xenares , Ephores that moll defired the 
Edillolution of the Peace, when the reft of the Ambaiia- 


/ImpI ipelii not yet rcn- 
died.norihc l'c;cc ic 
tf ptcdin the pnitsabi 
V/if;jff,n(-rby the Bmu 
•in. and Canmbuns. 

doruswere gone home 

entred into priuate Conference 

The /^thcaimt rcfufc to 
render I'flui. 

The /4poh)(ie of the Uce 
ditmoii -i'i> tor iiQt pcr- 
{oimine,ihc ^iriicUi. 

The Mihnitins. draw the 
MefJItmam and Htleid out 
of I'ylM. 

The end of the ej^ienth 

The liccdemnian Ephem 
cndeuour to diflbluc the 


A propofitior of aleague 
becwecne the Ltiedfo- 
numiy Ar^ii'd, Baoium 
and CmTiibUHi. 

The Argtm propound a 
League to the daotiam 
and Cerintbum. 

Amblffadeurs into BxC' 

ne Hi/Iory of Thv crv ID ES, Lib. 5. 

with the 'Bxoiians and Corintf)ians , exhorting them to A 
runne both the fame coiirfc; and aduifed the B'xoiiaris to 
enduour firll to make a League themfelues with the 
y.rgines , and then to get the ^rgiues together with 
themfelues, into a League with xhQ Lnced^moninns. For 
that they might by this meanes avoyd the necefsity of ac- 
cepting the Peace with Athens, For the luic.-ctemniar.s 
would more regard the friendfhip and League of the Ar~ 
^/M<rj, then the enmitie and diflolution of the Peace with 
the Athenians. For hee knew the Lacedemonians had euer 
dcfircd to haue Ar^os their friend vpon any rcafonable con- B 
ditions, becaufe they knew that their Warre without 
^elopomejw, would thereby bee a great deale the eaficr. 
Wherefore they entreated the Boeotians to put TanaSlum 
into the hands of the Lacedemonians, to the end chat if they 
could get TylM for it in exchange, they might make War 
againrt the Athenians the more commodioufly. 

The Bctotiar.s and Corinthiar.s being difmilTed by Xenares 
andc/.-o/'w/ftf, andallthe oth^T Lacedemonians of that Fa- 
d:ion, with thcfe points to be deliucred to their Common- 
wealths, went to their feuerall Cities. And two men of Q 
^rgos, of principall authority in that Citie, hauing wai- 
ted for, and met with them by the way,entred into a trea- 
ty with them, about a League bctwcene the ^rgiues and 
the Boeotians, as there was betwecne them and the Corintbi- 
ansi and the Elcans, and SHantineans already . For they 
thought, if it fucceeded,they might the more eafily haue 
either Warre or Peace, (forafmuch as the caufe would 
now bee common) either with the Lacedemonians, or 
whomibeuer elfe it fhould be needful! . 

Whc the Boeotian Ambafladors heard this,they were'wcl D 
pleafed. For as it chanced, the Argiius rcqueflcd the fame 
things ofthem, that they, by their friends in Lacedemon, 
had becne fentto procure of the Argiti.s. Thefc men there- 
fore o^Jrgcs, when they faw that the Boeotians accepted of 
the motion, promifed to fend Ambafladours to l\\t'Bx9ti- 
ars about it, and fo departed. 

When the BceotiaKs were come home,they related there 
what they had heard, both at Lacedxmon, and by the way, 
from the Argiu-. s . The Goucrnours of ® jeotia were glad 
thereof, and much more forward in k now, then formerly I? 
they had beene, feeing that not onely their friends in La- 



ne HtJloryoflCnY CY-QiUES. j 


A Ljcedamffrt deCircd , but the ^r^iues themfeliies haflned to 
haue done the lelfc-famc thing. Not long after this , the 
AmbaiVadors came to them from ilr^oj,tofolicite the dif- 
patch of the bufinefle before propounded , but the gouer- 
nours o^(Bceotia commended oncly the propofition, and dif- 
miiled thcm,with promifc to fend Ambafladors about the 
League to.^r^oi. In the meanc time the Gouernours of 
!B(sotia thought fit,that an oath ihould firft be taken by 
themfelues.and by the Ambafladors ^rom Qorintk, Me^ara, 
and the Confederates vpon Thrace , to giue mutuall afsi 

B ilancc vpon any occafion to them that Ihould require it 
and neither to make War nor Peace without the common 
confent. And next that the Bosotiam and SPlegareans, ( fo 
thcfe two ran the fame courfe}fhould make a League with 
the ^t'j^iHfs. But before this oath was to be taken , the Go 
ucrnors ofBceotia communicated the bufines to thc^Bxotian the which the whole authority of the State 
confiftethjand withall prefentcd their aduice. That any Ci- 
ty that would,might iojne -^ith them , in the like oath for mutual 
ajiiftance. But they that were of thefc Councels approued 

C not the propoiition,becaufe they feared to offend the Lace- 
d^moniam in being fworne to the Corinthians, thzt had rcuol- 
ted from their confederacy .For the Gouernors oOaotia had 
not reported vnto them, what had paft at Laced^mon , how 
CIcobuliu.zud Xenares the Ephores.znd their friends there,had 
aduifed them^to enter firft into league with thz Argiucs jund 
Corinthians , and then afterwards to make the fame league 
with the Lacedaemonians. ^or they thought that the Coun- 
cels,though this had neucr been told them,would haue de- 
creed It no otherwifc then they vpon premeditation fhould 

D aduife : So the bufmeflc was checked , and the Ambafla- 
dors from Corimh,znd from the Cities vpon Thrace , depar- 
ted without effeiS. And the Gouernors o^ Bocotia^thzt were 
before minded, if they had gotten this done,to haue leagued 
themfelues aifo with the Ar^ities, made no mention of the 
Jrgiues in the Councels at alienor fe